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PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE AND DIRECTION

Preposition

Use

Examples

above

higher than sth.

The picture hangs above my bed.

across

from one side to the other You mustn't go across this road here.
side
There isn't a bridge across the river.

after

one follows the other

The cat ran after the dog.


After you.

against

directed towards sth.

The bird flew against the window.

along

in a line; from one point to


They're walking along the beach.
another

among

in a group

I like being among people.

around

in a circular way

We're sitting around the campfire.

behind

at the back of

Our house is behind the supermarket.

below

lower than sth.

Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.

beside

next to

Our house is beside the supermarket.

between

sth./sb. is on each side

Our house is between the supermarket and the


school.

by

near

He lives in the house by the river.

close to

near

Our house is close to the supermarket.

down

from high to low

He came down the hill.

from

the place where it starts

Do you come from Tokyo?

in front of

the part that is in the


direction it faces

Our house is in front of the supermarket.

inside

opposite of outside

You shouldn't stay inside the castle.

into

entering sth.

You shouldn't go into the castle.

near

close to

Our house is near the supermarket.

next to

beside

Our house is next to the supermarket.

off

away from sth.

The cat jumped off the roof.

onto

moving to a place

The cat jumped onto the roof.

opposite

on the other side

Our house is opposite the supermarket.

out of

leaving sth.

The cat jumped out of the window.

outside

opposite of inside

Can you wait outside?

over

above sth./sb.

The cat jumped over the wall.

past

going near sth./sb.

Go past the post office.

round

in a circle

We're sitting round the campfire.

through

going from one point to


the other point

You shouldn't walk through the forest.


I like going to Australia.

to

towards sth./sb.

towards

in the direction of sth.

We ran towards the castle.

under

below sth.

The cat is under the table.

up

from low to high

He went up the hill.

Can you come to me?


I've never been to Africa.

PREPOSITIONS, THERE IS / THERE ARE; YES/NO QUESTIONS

Look at the picture. Fill in the blanks with There is / There are and prepositions:
behind, above, next to, in front of, across from
1)................................................. students ...................................................the school
2)................................................. a bus ....................................................... the school.
3)................................................. a helicopter ............................................. the school.
4)................................................. athletic fields .......................................... the school.
5)................................................. telephones ........................................the school.

Look at the picture again and answer the questions. Use short answers.
1) Is the helicopter above the school? ..............................................................
2) Are the students in the bus? ...........................................................................
3) Are the athletic fields behind the school? ..................................................................
4) Are the telephones next to the school? ......................................................................
5) Is the bus next to the school? .............................................................................

Look at the picture. Fill in the blanks with There is / There are and prepositions: on,
behind, above, next to, in front of, under, near, between, in,
1).................................a cup of coffee.................................the table
2).....................................a pair of glasses...............................the ashtray
3).................................a cat.................................................the table
4).................................a lot of medicine......................................the medkit
5)..................................a television.....................................the medkit

6)..................................a box..............................................the stairs


7)...................................papers..............................the table..............................the lamp
8)...................................a round picture................................the wall
9)...................................a sheet of paper......................................the glasses
10)................................a cup of coffee.......................................the coffee maker
11).....................................a lamp....................................the telephone and the radio
12)...................................a small picture...............................the door
13)...................................a clock..........................................the lamp
14)...................................a glass........................................the table. The glass has orange
juice.....................it
15)...................................a calendar......................................the door

1)................................................a chair.........................................bed
2)................................................two portraits.....................................the wall
3)................................................a bottle......................................the table
4)................................................a mirror.....................................the wall

5)................................................a window...................................the mirror


6)................................................a chair....................................the table and the bed
Complete the following sentences about this picture with prepositions:
1. There are several pictures _____ the wall.
2. There are two pillows _____ the bed.
3. There's a towel hanging _____ the wall.
4. There's a towel hanging _____ a hook.
5. There's a chair _____ the bed and the table.
6. There's a jug _____ the table.
7. There are some coats _____ the bed.
8. You can see a light _____ the window.
9. There's a door _____ the left.
10. There's nothing _____ the bed.
Answer the questions:
1. How many chairs are there?
2. Where's the bed?
3. What's on the table?
4. Where are the chairs?
5. Is the room carpeted?
6. Is there a mirror in the room?
7. Is the person who lives here rich?
8. Is he or she tidy?

Prepositions of place and location


Grammar
English
1. There is a TV__________ the fireplace.
2. There is a red blanket draped__________ the armchair.
3. There is a fireplace__________the sofa.
4. There are three chairs__________ the table.
5. There is a square carpet__________ front__________ the sofa.
6. There is table__________ the carpet made__________ glass.
7. There are several windows__________ a sea view.
8. There are two spotlights__________ the ceiling.
9. There is a basket next__________ the fireplace.
10. There is a lamp__________ the window.
11. There is a terrace directly__________ the living room.
12. There is a painting__________ the wooden buffet table.