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SAMSUNG ENGINEERING CO.

, LTD
SAMSUNG SEI TOWER, 467-14 Dogok 2 Dong,
Kangnam-Ku, Seoul, KOREA 135-280

DESIGN MANUAL
SEM-9522E
PROCESS DESIGN MANUAL

Preparation of Datasheet
for Water Treatment
REV.
DATE

:0
: 2006.8.23

SAMSUNG ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

DESIGN MANUAL

SEM 9522E

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Contents
Page
1

PURPOSE AND MAKING METHOD.....................................................


1.1
1.2
1.3

2.

RAW WATER TREATMENT...................................................................


2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5.
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9

GENERAL DESCRIPTION................................................................
SCOPE DEFINITION........................................................................
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS.............................................................
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE VENDOR SHALL GUARANTEE THE
FOLLOWING PERFORMANCE..........................................................
UTILITY CONDITIONS.................................................................
BATTERY LIMIT CONDITIONS......................................................
REMARKS..................................................................................
ATTACHMENT.............................................................................
RAW WATER TREATMENT PACKAGE MAKING GUIDE......................

DIMINERALIZED WATER..................................................................
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7

PURPOSE......................................................................................
SUPPLEMENTARY ARTICLE.............................................................
MAKING METHOD..........................................................................

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.............................................................
SCOPE DEFINITION....................................................................
DESIGN CONSIDERATION...........................................................
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE......................................................
BATTERY LIMIT CONDITION........................................................
ATTACHMENT.............................................................................
DEMINERALIZED WATER SYSTEM MAKING GUIDE.......................

POTABLE WATER PACKAGE...........................................................


4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.............................................................
SCOPE DEFINITION....................................................................
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS..........................................................
FLOW SCHEME..........................................................................

ii

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4.5
4.6
4.7
5

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REMARKS..................................................................................
ATTACHMENT.............................................................................
POTABLE WATER MAKING GUIDE...............................................

REVISION HISTORY..........................................................................

ii

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1

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PURPOSE AND MAKING METHOD


1.1

Purpose
This guide has sample data sheet about skill option that is
required to make raw water treatment, potable water treatment,
demineralized water treatment data sheet. it provide design base
about each skill option.

1.2

Supplementary Article
Major equipment and capacity should be entered on a base of
data accumulated in job. data about chemicals and basic
equipment is followed up by contact with vendor or gathering
data.

1.3

Making Method
Serial numbers is given about changeable articles by water
condition and job characteristic, design base and application
range is indicated in making guide.

2. RAW WATER TREATMENT


* Raw Water Treatment Package
This data sheet defines the minimum technical requirements for the raw
water pretreatment facilities. Vendor shall carefully study and verify
those requirements in this data sheet and shall execute related works.
2.1

General Description
Raw water treatment facilities shall treat raw water to produce
filtered water and to supply it to users in the plant as plant water

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and to water treatment facilities as raw feed water and to cooling


water system as make-up.
These Facilities Consists Of The Following Units.
- Clarifier unit
- Sand filter unit
- Sludge dewatering unit
- Chemical injection unit
2.1.1

Clarifier Unit
Raw water will be transferred from Sam-Bong lake and
Dae-Ho lake via 23 km pipeline and be received in the
raw water pond located in the east side of utility center,
which will have the capacity of 150,000 m3. raw water will
be pumped up from the raw water pond to the clarifier
unit to reduce the turbidity with injection of coagulants
and coagulant aids. Ph is adjusted by injecting NaOH
solution in order to reduce organic matter, chlorine shall
be also injected. The clarified water shall be feed to the
sand filter unit.

2.1.2

Sand Filter Unit


The overflow from the clarifier shall be transferred to the
sand filters by gravity flow for removal of small amount of
remaining suspended materials. The sand filter unit shall
be equipped with water backwash and air backwash
systems. The filtered water shall be collected in the
intermediate water basin and pumped to the filtered
water tank. Backwash waste water shall be collected in
the recovered water pit to be recycled to the raw water
feed line. Filtered water will be used as plant water,
cooling water make-up and RO feed water.

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

2.1.3

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Sludge Dewatering Unit


The sludge removed from the bottom of the clarifier shall
be thickened and stored in the sludge chamber. The
thickened sludge is pumped up to the sludge dewatering
equipment and mixed with polyelectrolyte. Dewatered
sludge cake shall be loaded to truck and the separated
water shall be returned to the raw water feed line through
the recovered water pit.

2.2

Scope Definition
The plant shall include the following equipments, but those shall
be regard as typical. Vendor shall check raw and treated water
quality, and supply further equipments if necessary to meet
design conditions.

2.3

2.2.1

Clarifier Unit

2.2.2

Sludge Dewatering Unit for details, refer to equipment

2.2.3

Sand Filter Unit

2.2.4

Chemical Injection Unit

list as attached #2

Design Considerations
2.3.1

Design Codes and Standards Specification for This


Project.
(1) Design of the facilities shall be done according to
engineering specification for this project.

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(2) If there are no applicable standards or code, suitable


additional standards shall be adopted upon owner's approval.
2.3.2

Design Basis
1)

Design Capacity

2)

Inlet Conditions
Refer to attached # 1 for the specifications of raw
water.

3)

Outlet Conditions
The required specifications of clarified water
after clarifier and filtered water after sand filter
are as follows.
- Clarified Water: SS ...less than 10 mg/l
- Filtered Water: SS ...less than 2 mg/l
Ph ...6 - 8.2
Cod ...less than 10 mg/l

4)

Effluent Specifications

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Solid content in the sludge cake: min 15 %


2.3.3

Specifications for the Units


1)

Clarifier Unit
(1) This unit is considered to have four trains with
each train having
The capacity of 520 m3/hr
Treated water shall have SS less than 10 mg/l..
(2) Clarification shall be accomplished in the
slurry recirculation type clarifier with a slow
moving de sludge scraper.
(3) To reduce the water turbidity, poly aluminum
chloride (PAC) is used as a coagulants.
(4) If polyelectrolyte as flocaid is required in
flocculation, edible polymer aid permitted by
Korean authorities shall be used.
(5) Sodium hypo-chloride (NaOCl) shall be used
for chlorination.
(6) All equipments except for chemical storage
tanks, injection system including pumps shall be
suitable for outdoor installations.
(7) Sludge removal shall be automatically
controlled for intermittent operation.
(8) Inlet water to the clarifier unit shall be

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controlled by an automatic control valve.


(9) An integrating flow meter shall be provided on
the inlet water line to the clarifier unit with controls
to proportion chemical feeds to inlet flow.
(10) Clarifier is constructed as a concrete, the
internal of clarifier is composed of sludge agitator
and mixing chamber, sludge scraper to remove
solid state sludge.
2)

Sludge Dewatering Unit


(1) Sludge discharged from the clarifiers shall be
dewatered to minimum 15% in solids with
injection of cationic polyelectrolyte (PETR).
Coagulation tank with mixer shall be provided, if
necessary.
(2) One train of belt press type sludge dewatering
equipment shall be provided and shall have a
sufficient capacity based on 8 hrs per day
intermittent operation.
(3) All facilities for removal and truck loading of
dewatered sludge cake shall also provide.
(4) Sludge chamber shall have the capacity of
one day operation.
(5) A dissolving tank shall be provided for PETR
with a mixer and an auto feeder. The dissolved
PETR shall be introduced to the PETR day tank
by gravity flow.

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(6) All equipment except for chemical storage


tanks, injection pumps and sludge dewatering
equipment shall be suitable for outdoor
installation.
3)

Sand Filter Unit


(1) Multiple filters shall be provided to allow
continuous operation at full system design
capacity with one unit out of service.
(2) Gravity type sand filter shall be provided. The
filter shall be capable of being operated manually
and automatically. Back wash shall be initiated
either by push button, timer or high differential
pressure signal.
(3) The minimum run length shall be 24 hours per
filter.
(4) The volume of the recovered water pit shall be
more than the amount of water from one filter
backwash. The capacity of the recovery water
recycling pumps shall be decided to pump up the
backwash waste water during normal backing
interval.
(5) Interlocking system shall be applied in order to
prevent simultaneous backwashing.
(6) All equipments shall be suitable for outdoor
installation.
(7) An integrating-indicating flow meter shall be
installed on each outlet line of plant water and

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cooling water make-up.


(8) Turbidity meter shall be installed on the
outlet of the intermediate water pump.
4)

Chemical Injection Unit


(1) Separate chemical feeding systems shall
be provided for coagulants, coagulant aids,
naoc1, and NaOH solution.
(2) The chemical feeding systems shall be
sized to the 7 days capacity at design flow
rate.
(3) Agitators shall be motor driven with shaft
and impeller materials suitable for chemical
mixed.
(4) Chemical storage tank and pump materials
shall be suitable for the chemicals.

2.3.4

Instrumentation and Control System.


Automatic control system shall be applied where
process values are kept constant, or where frequent
manipulation would otherwise be required, local
control panel with plc shall be installed in the local
control room. Control of the facilities shall be done
with this local control panel. In addition to the local
control panel, the following monitoring function shall
be supplied from plc through communication line to
DCS which will be installed in the central control
room.
- Operation and Regeneration Status of the Sand Filters

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2.4
Performance.

- Turbidity Indicator
- Tank and Vessel Indicators
- Alarms
Performance Guarantee Vendor Shall Guarantee the Following

2.4.1

Product Capacity and Quality


(1) Clarifier

- Capacity : 520 m3/hr/train


- SS
: Less than 10 mg/l
(2) Sand filter
- Capacity : 300 m3/hr/train (exclude
backwash loss)
- SS
: Less than 2mg/l
- COD : Less than 10mg/l
2.4.2

Utility and Chemical Consumption


(1) Chemicals
-

PAC ------------------------ * kg/day


NaOCl ------------------------ * kg/day
Polyelacrolyte --------------- * kg/day
Others (if req'd) ------------- * kg/day

(2) Power
2.4.3

------------------------ * kwh/day

Effluent

Dewatered Sludge Cake


Quantity ---------------------- Max. * kg/d
Solid Content -------------- Min. 15 %
2.4.4

Operation Cycle

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Filter - Operation Time: Min 24 hr/cycle


- Backwash Time : Max. 1 hr/cycle
2.5.

Utility Conditions
Refer to Attached # 4.

2.6

Battery Limit Conditions


PRESS

TEMP

(kg/cm2)

()

INCOMING
RAW WATER

2.0

LP STEAM
INST. AIR

AMBIENT

3.5

195

7.0

AMBIENT

OUTGOING
PLANT WATER
CW MAKEUP

2.7

5.0
3.0

AMBIENT
AMBIENT

Remarks
(1) Vendor to State Blanks Marked with *
(2) Vendor is encouraged to bid an alternative proposal
which is economical and reliable under the conditions that
his system is able to meet the design requirements.

2.8

Attachment
Process flow diagram and equipment list attached herewith are
for reference.
(1) Specification of Raw Water.

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(2) Equipment List


(3) Utility Conditions
(4) Process Flow Diagram
Attachment #1 specifications of raw water - a pollution level measurement 1.

NORTH KOREA RIVER

2.

SOUTH KOREA LIVER

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3.

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HAN LIVER DOWNSTREAM

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4.

NACKDONG RIVER

5.

KEUM RIVER

6.

YEONGSAN LIVER

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

7.

SUMZIN RIVER

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8.

MANKYEONG RIVER

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EACH PROJECT WATER SPECIFICATION

1.

SPC NO.2 WATER SPECIFICATION (ULSAN)

* : AVERAGE

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DATE : 2006. 8. 23
2.

EA CORPORATION. BACO3 WATER SPECIFICATION


(ONSAN)KOR

CHARACTERISTICS

RAW

FILTERED

PROCESS

WATER

WATER

WATER

s/cm

380

420

6.0~7.0

6.5~8.5

TOTAL HARDNESS

CaCO3

70.0

70.0

Ca++

CaCO3

41.2

41.2

Mg++

CaCO3

28.8

28.8

(Na+), (K+)

CaCO3

97.3

105.5

NH4+

CaCO3

3.3

3.3

M-ALKALINITY

CaCO3

45.0

45.0

Cl-

12.4

14.1

NO3-

NO3-

2.6

2.6

(SO4)-

(SO4)-

45.5

45.5

SiO2

SiO2

7.0

7.0

FREE CO2

CO2

7.0

7.0

TURBIDITY

DEGREE

10 MAX

<1

O2

4.2

3.5

CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

Cl-

COD(Mn)

UNIT/ppm AS

6.5~8.5

5.0

170.5

3.3

45.0

14.1

2.6

45.5

7.0

7.0

<1

3.5

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178.9
TOTAL CATION

CaCO3

170.6

178.9
180.0

TOTAL ANION

CaCO3

170.7

180.0
-

COLOR

DEGREE

7.0

3.
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS SEMI-CONDUCTOR WATER SPECIFICATION
(KIHEUNG)
CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT

16 K

64 K

256 K

1M

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RESISTIVITY

.cm AT 25

-15

15 ~ 16

17 ~ 18

17 ~ 18

PARTICULES

0.2

0.2 ~ 0.1

0.1

0.1 ~ 0.05

no/

200 ~ 300

50 ~ 150

20 ~ 50

TOC

ppm

0.5 ~ 1

0.05 ~ 0.2

0.05

BACTERIA

no/

0.5 ~ 1

0.02 ~ 0.2

0.01

SiO2

ppb

20 ~ 30

10

10

DO

ppm

0.1 ~ 0.5

0.1

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3.

DAEGU ARSENIC ACID WATER SPECIFICATION (DAEGU)

CHARACTERISTICS

CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

UNIT/ppm AS

RAW

FILTERED

WATER

WATER

/cm

200

6~8

TOTAL HARDNESS

CaCO3

Ca++

CaCO3

55

Mg++

CaCO3

45

(Na+), (K+)

CaCO3

32

M-ALKALINITY

CaCO3

Cl-

50

Cl-

4.8

HCO3-

HCO3

10.7

(SO4)-

SO4-

67.2

SiO2

SiO2

7.0

Fe

Fe

Mn

Mn

TURBIDITY

DEGREE

10

0.05

0.05

100 ~ 120

50

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evaporation residue

TOTAL CATION

CaCO3

TOTAL ANION

CaCO3

5.

EAST AREA S.M WATER SPECIFICATION (YEOCHUN)

CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT/ppm AS

RAW

FILTERED

WATER

WATER

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CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

/cm

TOTAL HARDNESS

CaCO3

Ca++

CaCO3

Mg++

CaCO3

(Na+), (K+)

CaCO3

Fe

M-ALKALINITY

Cl-

30 ~ 40

Fe

CaCO3

Cl-

HCO3-

HCO3-

(SO4)-

(SO4)-

SiO2

CaCO3

Mn

Mn

TURBIDITY

7 ~ 7.5

ACIDITY

CaCO3

TOTAL CATION

CaCO3

TOTAL ANION

CaCO3

30 ~ 43

1.4 ~ 2.0

6 ~ 11

2 MAX

6~8

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6.

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S.G.C COMBINAT WATER SPECIFICATION (SEOSAN)

CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT/ppm

RAW

FILTERED

COOLING

DEMI

POLISHED

BOILER

AS

WATER

WATER

WATER

WATER

WATER

FEED
WATER

CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

s/cm

Ca++

CaCO3

Mg+

CaCO3

(Na+), (K+)

CaCO3

NH4+

CaCO3

M-ALKALINITY

10
7.7~8.2

7.0~8.2

7.0~8.0

104.5

177

174.9

194

696.1

1118

1.2

119.5

50

128.3

213

36.4

36.7

P-ALKALINITY

Cl-

HCO3-

CO3-

Cl-

HCO3-

CO3-

0.2

0.2

8.5~9.0

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130.5
-

(SO4)

(SO4)

162.2

1
Fe

Fe

0.02
5.5

SILICA

16.5

SiO2

0.2
1203.3

0.02

0.02

2100

TOTAL DISOLVED SOL.


13

20

*ORGANIC MATTER
10
-

(PO4)3

PO4

HYDRAZINE

0.01 MIN
50

TURBIDITY

12

10

DEGREE

HEAVY METALS

** 0.005
975.5

TOTAL CATION

TOTAL ANION

O2

0.007MAX

NOTE * AS KMnO4 CONSUMED


** AS COPPER
7. HANJU WATER SPECIFICATION (ULSAN)
CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT/ppm AS

RAW

FILTERED

DEMI

WATER

WATER

WATER

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CONDUCTIVITY

/cm

190 ~ 210

190 ~ 210

PH ( 25 )

6.5 ~ 8.5

6.5 ~ 8.5

(Na+), (K+)

ppm

10 ~ 36.8

10 ~ 36.8

NH4+

ppm

Mn++

ppm

CATION HARDNESS

ppm

44

44

TOTAL HARDNESS

ppm

68 ~ 70

68 ~ 70

M-ALKALINITY

ppm

40 ~45

40 ~45

Cl-

ppm

17 ~17.6

17 ~17.6

(SO4)-

ppm

22.6 ~ 29.8

22.6 ~ 29.8

NO3-

ppm

6.1 ~ 6.5

6.1 ~ 6.5

NO2-

ppm

Fe

ppm

0.2 ~ 1.0

0.2 ~ 1.0

SiO2

ppm

7.2

7.2

TURBIDITY

ppm

MAX 10.0

<2

TOTAL CATION

ppm

82.8 ~ 98

82.8 ~ 98

104.2 ~ 112

104.2 ~ 112

TOTAL ANION

< 10

< 0.1

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FMA

ppm

35 ~ 45

35 ~ 45

TDS

ppm

62 ~ 93

62 ~ 93

ABS

ppm

0.1 ~ 0.11

0.1 ~ 0.11

COD

ppm

4.5 ~ 8.3

4.5 ~ 8.3

8. KEUMHO Y.D.R WATER SPECIFICATION (YEOCHUN)


CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT/ppm

RAW

GROUND

PROCESS

COOLING

POTABLE

AS

WATER

WATER

WATER

WATER

WATER

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CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

s/cm

Ca++

CaCO3

Mg++

CaCO3

(Na+), (K+)

CaCO3

6.5~8.0

6.6~6.6

50

10~11

20

29~30

60

1500~1800

6.5~8.0

6.5~8.0

50

15-~175

20

60~70

5.8~8.6

60

30

M-ALKALINITY

540 **

30

P-ALKALINITY

Cl-

HCO3-

Cl-

HCO3-

CO3-

CO3-

(SO4)-

(SO4)-

Fe

Fe

SILICA

SiO2

FREE CO2

CO2

TOTAL DISOLVED SOL.

TOTAL CATION

TOTAL ANION

3.7

16.6~15.9

10.1

200

19.8

41.3

9~10

0.3

0.066~0.08

30

6.8~6.0

1.1~1.2

130

11.2~13.1

10.1

19.8

260

3.7

49.4

148~173
0.3

0.3

30

90~105

268.5

130

780~910

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10

*ORGANIC MATTER(COD)

2
-

(PO4)

0.4~0.48

PO4
30

15~20

6~7

74

TURBIDITY (S.S)
100
BACTERIA (COLIFORM
ORGANISM)

100

MPN/100ml

100

MAX

9. YUGONG P.X SEPERATION WATER SPECIFICATION


CHARACTERISTICS

UNIT/ppm AS

CIRCULATING

MAKE-UP

COOLING WATER

COOLING WATER

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CONDUCTIVITY

PH ( 25 )

/cm

TOTAL HARDNESS

CaCO3

Ca++

CaCO3

Mg++

CaCO3

TOTAL-ALKALINITY

CaCO3

7~8

7 ~ 7.5

30 ~ 40

20 ~ 27

10 ~ 13

30 ~ 43

P-ALKALINITY

Cl-

SILICA

TURBIDITY

DISSOLVED SOLIDS

1.4 ~ 1.9

Cl-

6 ~ 11

SiO2

1~2

DEGREE
300

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10. MAIN PLANT WATER SPECIFICATION (NAJU)


CHARACTERISTICS

PROCESS

COOLING

WATER

WATER

/cm

70 ~ 210

143 ~ 320

HARDNESS

dH

2.3 ~ 3.7

4.1 ~ 7.8

PH ( 25 )

6.0 ~ 7.1

(Na+), (K+)

meq/l AS Na

0.76

meq/l

0.68 ~ 1.06

0.49 ~ 1.02

ppm

14.2 ~ 52.1

30.7 ~ 101.6

SO4-

meq/l

0.73

NO3-

ppm

SIO2

ppm

5 ~ 7.2

CO2

ppm

10

Fe

ppm

0.36 ~ 0.89

0.17 ~ 0.37

NH3

ppm

0 ~4.1

TRACE

CONDUCTIVITY

M-ALKALINITY

Cl-

EZ

UNIT/ppm AS

1.3 ~ 2.2

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P2O5

ppm

4.6 ~ 7.1

TOTAL CATION

meq/l

1.65

TOTAL ANION

meq/l

2.0

ppm

9.6 ~ 76.6

TURBIDITY (S.S)

11. KEUMHO SBR WATER SPECIFICATION (YEOCHUN)


CHARATERISTICS

UNIT/ppm AS

RAW WATER

7.7 ~ 11.5

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CONDUCTIVITY

S/cm

MAX 120

PH

6.5 - 7.5

Ca++

CaCO3

++

CaCO3

Mg

(Na+)+(K+)
Cl

CaCO3
CaCO3

MAX 10

(SO4)=

CaCO3

MAX 10

CaCO3

HCO3
NO3-

CaCO3

M-ALKALINITY

CaCO3

MAX 70

TOTAL CATION

CaCO3

100

TOTAL ANION

CaCO3

100

TOTAL HARDNESS

CaCO3

MAX 10

TURBIDITY

DEGREE

COD Mn

CaCO3

SiO2

CaCO3

10

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Attachment #2 Equipment list for raw water treatment package


ITEM NO.

SERVICE

REQ'D NO.

SPECIFICATION

FD-0100A-D

CLARIFIER

SLURRY RECIRCULATION

REMARKS

TYPE 520 m3/hr per TRAIN


AD-0100

FLOCCULATION CHAMBER

BY VENDOR

ONLY INCLINED
TYPE CLARIFIER

GD-0100A-C

FLOCCULATOR

BY VENDOR

ONLY INCLINED
TYPE CLARIFIER

FB-0100

PAC TANK

BY VENDOR

FB-0103

NaOCl TANK

BY VENDOR

GA-0100A,B

PAC PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

GA-0101A,B

NaOCl PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

FB-0104

NaOH TANK

BY VENDOR

GA-0104A,B

NaOH PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

AD-0102

SLUDGE CHAMBER

BY VENDOR

FD-0102

SLUDGE WATERING

BY VENDOR

EQUIPMENT
GA-0102A,B

SLUDGE FEED PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

GA-0103A,B

POLYELECTROLYTE PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

ITEM NO.

SERVICE

REQ'D NO.

SPECIFICATION

REMARKS

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FA-0101

POLYELECTROLYTE

BY VENDOR

BY VENDOR

7+1

GRAVITY TYPE

DISSOLVING TANK
GD-0102

POLYELECTROLYTE
TANK MIXER

FD-0103A-H

SAND FILTER

300 m3/hr per TRAIN


BACKWASH CYCLE :
ONCE A DAY/TRAIN
AD-0103

INTERMEDIATE WATER

520 m3

BY VENDOR

1+1

BY VENDOR

BASIN
AD-0104

RECOVERED WATER
PIT

GA-0104A,B

INTERMEDIATE
WATER PUMP

GA-0105A,B

BACKWASH PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

GA-0106A,B

RECOVERED WATER

1+1

BY VENDOR

1+1

BY VENDOR

RECYCLE PUMP
GB-0101A,B

BACKWASH BLOWER

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

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2.9

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Raw water treatment package making guide


2.9.1

General description
2.9.1.1 Clarifier unit
1) Raw Water Source: It indicates namely river,
sea, pond etc.
2) Raw water pond capacity : Generally it is
designed on a basis of 2 day (48 hrs) capacity. If
fire fighting water is stored together, the fire
fighting water capacity should be added and
designed.
3) Coagulants: The natural water has suspended
matters charging negative, they exist safely,
but if positive charged coagulants is added, they
are neutralized electrically, particles collide each
other, and precipitation is created easily.
4) Coagulant aid: It is used to promote floc.
reaction and to reduce coagulant amount used at
the early start up, the rainy season, drought.
5) NaOH: Generally a coagulant injection
increased acidity, so NaOH should be added to
neutralize.
6) Chlorine: Chlorination is executed, because
organic material disturb clarification.
2.9.1.2 Sand filter unit

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1) Gravity flow: Gravity flow is applied in gravity


type, but if we use press. Type sand, we must set
up clarified water pit and pumping.
2) Use of filtered water should be filled up.
2.9.1.3 Sludge Dewatering Unit
It could be dealt with independent vendor
package.
2.9.2

Design Considerations
2.9.2.1 Design Basis
1)

Capacity
- Intermediate water basin: 10 -20 min.
holding. Of nor. Pump capacity
- Filtered water tank: 1 hr - 1 day above
by user.
(sgc: 2 hr, ss bp : 18 hr)

2)

Outlet Conditions
- De-muddy ability of clarifier

Water muddy degree Treated water muddy degree


20 - 100
5 below
100 above
10 below
* The muddy degree of water should be
10 ppm ~ 1000 ppm, the change of

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muddy degree should be below 100


ppm/hr, the change of water temp. should
be 0.5 - 1 per hour. The rising flow rate
could get to 60 mm/min., but suitable
range is 32 - 42 mm/min. in the light of
density.
- Sand filter filtering ability
Muddy degree of water
20 - 30

Muddy degree of water disposed


2 below
- pH : The acidity is increased by each
coagulant injected, if amount injected is
bulk, caustic soda should be injected to
neutralize for adequate cohesion ph
condition.
(Table 2)

TABLE 1. The coagulant and PH of proper cohesion


coagulant

pH range

strength

weakness

Al2 (SO4) 18H2O

5.5 - 8.0

cohesion is speedy and general.

Proper alkali degree is


needed.

Fe2 (SO4)3

5.5 - 11

The cohesion pH range is wide and creation of FLOC, cohesion


precipitating time is short.

FeSO4 7H2O

Ca(OH)2

8.5 - 11

FLOC is heavy and has fast

More alkali is needed and

precipitating time. Although PH is

discoloration is

high, FLOC is not dissolved.

impossible.

It is used to PH control agent and

precipitation of FLOC is better than


Na2CO3.
Na2CO3

It is used to PH control agent.

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FeCl3 6H2O

8.5 - 11

It has same property with Fe2 (SO4)3.Corrosive property is


strong.

Al(OH)mCln

wide

It is not affected by pH, and

(PAC)

cohesion effect is good.

TABLE 2. Effect of water quality that receive by coagulant and amount of alkali
that is needed to neutralize a coagulant 1 ppm.
coagulant

The change of water quality when coagulant 1 ppm is amount of alkali that is needed
added.

to neutralize a coagulant 1 ppm.

alkali degree SO4

Na2CO3

Na2CO3

Na2CO3(4

(99%)

(93%)

5%)

decrease

increase

CO2 increase CO2 increase

(ppm AS

(ppm AS

from heavy

from carbonate

CaCO3)

CaCO3)

carbonate

(ppm AS

(ppm AS

CaCO3)

CaCO3)
Al2 (SO4)3

0.45

0.45

0.40

0.20

0.48

0.36

0.80

FeSO47H2O

0.36

0.36

0.32

0.16

0.16

0.29

0.64

Fe2(SO4)3

0.68

0.67

0.60

0.30

0.30

0.54

1.21

18H2O

2.9.2.3 Specifications for the Units


1)

Clarifier Unit
(1) Clarifier type : there are slurry
recirculation type, slurry blanket type,
inclined plate type in clarifier, slurry
recirculation type is mainly used. The
cohesion effect of rotating slurry and sully

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blanket is similar, inclined blanket is more


efficient than others, but early investment
cost is expensive. if quality of water is
good, DYNA-sand filter can be used
because it has double function of clarifier
and sand filter. When muddy degree is
below 30 and clarifier setting space is
narrow, the coagulant is injected by line.
(refer to flow scheme as attached #3).
(2) Coagulants: the coagulants that is
used in cohesion precipitation are
Alh2So4 , feso3, PAC (poly aluminum
chloride), feso3(i), aluminum soda, PAC.
PAC is not affected with ph and it has
good cohesion effect. (fig.1, fig.2).
(3) Coagulant aids: it is used to promote
floc. Creation and to enhance precipitating
property by strengthening mechanical
strength and specific gravity. it is divided
by organic and inorganic matters. The
organic matter is used to cohesion agent
because cohesion effect of those is good
by minimum injection and those are not
affected by ph.
(4) NaOCl : The aim of NaOCl is to
oxidize NH3, COD, BOD, nitrous acid and
to remove taste, smell. So precipitation is
created easily.
* The effect of chlorine residue to ion
exchange resin

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: if chlorine disposal is exceed in proper


amount, smell of chlorine is excessive,
equipment is corroded , so ion exchange
resin is oxidized.
Fig. 1 Coagulant dosing effects
On Water of Low Turbidity

On Water of Low Turbidity


FIG. 2 Coagulant Dosing Effects

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Dosage of Coagulant (ppm as Alum)


2)

Sand Filter Unit


(1) Filter type: ther are gravity type and
pressure type, pressure type is used for
small space. (Table 4).
(2) Backwash: the aim of backwashing is
to remove impurities in bed.

TABLE 3. Backwashing Type and Method


TYPE

DESCRIPTION

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1. WASHING

- BACKWASHING FLOW RATE : 25 - 90 m/hr

WITH WATER

(15 - 25 % EXPANSION OF THE FILTER BED)

- 3 - 10 MIN. REQUIRED FOR COMPLETE WASHING.

* AFTER BACKWASHING, WATER SHOULD BE FILTERED TO WASTE


UNTIL THE TURBIDITY DROPS TO AN ACCEPTABLE VALUE.
THIS MAY REQUIRE FROM 2 - 20 MIN. DEPENDING ON
PRETREAMENT AND TYPE OF FILTER.

2. WASHING WITH AIR

- THIS APPLIES TO FILTER BEDS COMPOSED OF FINE SAND OR

AND WATER IN

LOW DENSITY MATERIALS.

SUCCESSION
- AIR IS USUALLY APPLIED FOR 3 OR 4 MIN. BEFORE THE BACK
WASHING BEGIN. AIR FLOW RATE : 600 - 960 m/hr

- A BACKWASH OF WATER WITH A SUFFICIENTLY HIGH FLOW RATE


TO BRING ABOUT THE EXPANSION OF THE FILTERING MATERIALS
ENABLES THE IMPURITIES DETACHED DURING THE FIRST STAGE
TO BE REMOVED FROM THE BED AND CARRIED AWAY.
3. SIMULTANEOUS

- USED IN THE SINGLE MEDIUM UNSTRATIFIED FILTER BED.

AIR AND WATER


WASHING WITHOUT
EXPANSION

- AIR AND WASH WATER ARE APPLIED SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR


SEVERAL MINUTES.

- AIR FLOW RATE : 50 m/hr

- WASH WATER RATE : MIN. 5 m/hr

- CONTINUE THE BACKWASH AT A CONSTANT RATE OF FLOW


UNTIL THE DISCHARGED WATER RUNS CLEAR.

- FLOW RATE : 12 - 20 m/hr

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

2.9.3

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Performance Guaranty
2.9.3.1 Utility and Chemical Consumption
(1) Chemical Consumption For Clarification
- Alum or Iron Sulfate

Muddy
degree

a coagulant a coagulant + (POLY-ELCTROLYTE)management


management

50PPM
below

50PPM

25PPM

50~200PP

75PPM

50PPM

200PPM
above

100PPM

75PPM

- PAC: See the table 5


- Polyelectrolytes
Polymer 0.1 % solution on a Dry Basis is used
and 0.1 ~ 0.5 ppm is injected.
- NaOCl: A mount of injection should have
0.1~0.2 ppm concentration in outlet.
TABLE 5. CHEMICAL DOSING RATE OF CLARIFIER OPERATION
CHEMICAL

CHEMICAL

SPECIFIC

DOSING RATE

INJECTION POINT

CONC.(wt%)

GRAVITY

(max ppm)

NaOH

25

1.27

10

INLET LINE

NaOCl

10

2.49

INLET LINE

PAC

1.0

1.19

10

MIXING CHAMBER

FLOC AID

0.1

1.0

MIXING CHAMBER

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2.9.3.2 Operation Cycle


Back Wash Time of Filter: Usually 10 ~ 15 min
3

DIMINERALIZED WATER
Dimineralized water system
This data sheet defines the minimum technical requirement for the water
treatment facility. Vendor shall carefully study and verify those
requirements in this sheet and shall execute all necessary design
3.1

General Description
Dimineralized water treatment facilities shall treat filtered water
fed from raw water treatment facilities to produce demineralized
water. This demineralized system shall be composed of two
trains, each having a production capacity of 500 m3/day
3.1.1

Raw Unit
Raw unit shall be adopted as pretreatment for make-up
cooling water to increase concentration number of
cooling water system and pre demineralization to reduce
the load of following demineralized unit.
Filtered water shall be fed to the safety filter through the
raw feed water heater and then to the raw unit
chemical shall be injected to control ph and to protect RO
membrane from scaling, slim formation and hydrolysis
RO treated water shall be decarbonated by the
decarbonator and then stored in the raw permeated
water tank and fed to the demineralizer unit.

3.1.2

Demineralizer Unit

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Raw treated water shall be fed to the demineralizer unit


which will be 2-bed, 3-tower type consisting oxidation
tower, de gasfier, anion tower demineralized water shall
be sent to demineralized water tank
3.1.3

Regeneration and Neutralization Unit


Sulfuric acid and caustic soda shall be used to
regenerate the ion exchanger of demineralized unit
regeneration waste water shall be neutralized and shall
be discharged to the waste water treatment facilities by
pumps together with the raw brine

3.2

Scope Definition
The unit shall be include following equipment
(1) Raw unit
(2) Demineralizer unit
(3) Regeneration and neutralization unit

: 2 train
: 2 train
: 1 ea

Further detail equipment are shown in the equipment list


attached as #1
3.3

Design Consideration
Design codes and standards
(1) Design of the facilities shall be done according to engineering
specification for this project
(2) If there is no applicable standard or code, suitable additional
standard shall be adopted upon owner's approval

DATE : 2006. 8. 23
3.3.1

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Design Basis
(1)

Design Capacity
Raw unit
:2 210m3/hr/train
Demineralizer
:2 220m3/hr/train
RO permeate tank
:1 1500 m3
Demineralizer water tank :1 1500 m3

(2)

Inlet condition
The specification of the raw water and the filtered
water refer to attachment table 1 and 2

(3)

Outlet Condition
The required specification of RO permeated
water and demineralized water are as follows
- Raw permeated water
Cl : less then 35 mg/l as cl
- Demineralized water
Conductivity: less then 10 micro s/cm
SiO2
: less then 0.2 mg/l

(4)

Chemicals and Utility Conditions


Refer to attachment #2

(5)

Effluent Specification
- neutralized waste water
pH
: 5~9

3.3.2

Winterizing

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The minimum design temperature (dry bulb temp) shall


be -14.3c resin tower
Raw unit and chemical injection system shall be installed
indoors for outdoor installation of equipments, piping, and
instrument material, winterization shall be considered.
3.3.3

Instrumentation and Control System


Automatic control system shall be applied where process
variables are to kept constant or where frequent
manipulation otherwise be required local control panel
with plc shall be installed in the local control panel control
of facilities shall be done with this local control panel in
addition to local control panel, following monitoring
function shall be supplied to DCS which will be installed
in the central control room

- Operation and regeneration status of the demineralizer


- Analyzer such as conductivity meters and silica meter
- Tank level indicator
- Flow indicators
- Alarms
3.3.4

Raw Unit
(1) Two train of raw module set shall be provided shall
have capacity of 210m3/hr

(2) Raw module shall have the following performance


after three years operation
- Recovery ratio: more then 85 %
- Chloride ion : less then 35mg/l in permeated water
(3) RO feed water heater-1 shall be provided to keep the

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water temperature from 20c to 30c using the hot cooling


water as heating water as heating medium RO feed
water heater-ll shall be provided for back of raw feed
water heater-l by using low pressure steam a
temperature control valve shall be provided on each bypass of the RO feed water heater
(4) Multiple safety filter shall be provided to allow
continuous operation at full system design capacity with
one unit out of service which shall be 10 micron meter
polyethylene cartridge type filter replacement cycle of
cartridge shall be more then 2 weeks
(5) Necessity of polishing filter shall be considered to
meet the fouling index (FI) or silt density index (SDI)
requirement of membrane supplier
(6) Chemical cleaning system for RO membrane shall be
provided
(7) RO brine shall be discharged to the waste water
treatment facilities together with neutralized regeneration
waste water from demineralized unit
(8) Automatic start/stop sequence shall be provided for
RO unit
(9) Chemical tank shall have 7 day operation
(10) RO unit except the RO permeated tank shall be
installed indoors
(11) De carbonate shall be provided for stripping CO2
gas in RO permeated water a pH meter shall be provided

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for de carbonate water


3.3.5

Demineralizer Unit
(1) Two train of demineralizer unit shall be provided and
each train shall have a full capacity of normal required
quantity when one train will be in generation another train
will be started in operation if pollutable condensate will
be divert to train, two train shall be operated
(2) The demineralizer shall be regenerated using
counter regeneration system to save chemical
consumption
(3) Demineralizer except for the demineralized water
tank shall be installed indoors
(4) Regeneration shall be conducted automatically once
a day per train
(5) Automatic sequence control system by PLC shall be
applied for the demineralizer
(6) In order to detect the endpoint of service run following
indicate recorder with alarm and conductivity recorder
with alarm shall be installed on the outlet line of the
demineralizer
(7) Conductivity recorder shall be installed on the inlet
line of the demineralizer
(8) Demineralized water to demineralized water tank
shall be controlled by a flow control valve and level
indicating alarm shall be installed in the demineralized

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water tank
(9) Resin trap shall be provided on the outlet of the
demineralizer to prevent resin from entering into
downstream equipment
(10) An integrating/indicating flow meter shall be installed
on the outlet of the demineralizer to downstream
(11) Vendor shall verify the necessity of the degasfier
considering co2 removal in the RO permeate water by
the decarbonator of RO unit
(12) When the pressure of the demineralized water pump
becomes low, the stand-by pump shall start automatically
3.3.6

Regeneration and Neutralization Unit


(1) The volume of the neutralization pit shall be such that
the amount of water from one regeneration of the
demineralizer
(2) Interlocking system shall be applied in order to
prevent simultaneous regeneration
(3) PH value of the waste water shall be adjusted from 5
to 9

3.4

(4) 10 % caustic soda will be fed by piping from outside


but an unloading connection for tank lorry shall also be
provided for caustic soda tank
Performance Guarantee
Vendor shall guarantee the following performance articles

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marked "*" shall be specified by vendor


3.4.1

Product Capacity and Quality


(1)

RO
Capacity : 210 m3/hr/train
Quality : cl less then 35 mg/l as cl

(2)

Demineralizer

Capacity : 220 m3/train


Excluding regeneration loss for
demineralizer and mixed bed polisher
Quality : conductivity less then 10 micro s/cm
less then 0.2 mg/l
3.4.2

3.4.3

Utility and Chemical Consumption


(1)

Chemicals
NaCl
*kg/day
H2SO4
*kg/day
NaOH
*kg/day
NaHSO3
*kg/day
Shmp (sodium hexametaphospate) *kg/day
NaCl (if required)
*kg/day

(2)

Power

*kw/day

Effluent
(1)

Neutralized Regeneration Waste Water


demineralizer
Quantity
Max *m3/cycle

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pH
SS
(2) RO brine

5-9
Max *mg/l

Quantity
pH
3.4.4

Max *m3/hr
*

Operation Cycle
(1)

Demineralizer

Operation cycle
Max 24 hour/cycle
Regeneration time
Max * hour/cycle
(2)

Polisher

Operation cycle
Max 336hour/cycle
Regeneration time
Max * hour/cycle
3.4.5

Attrition Loss for Resins


(1)

Demineralizer

Cation resin
*% resin
Anion resin
*% resin
3.4.6
3.5

Life of RO Membrane

* years

Battery Limit Condition


Pressure and temperature at the battery limit of the facility are
summarized as below

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INCOMING

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

Kg/cm2 G

MEDIUM PRESSURE STEAM

17.0

280

LOW PRESSURE STEAM

3.5

195

INSTRUMENT AIR

7.0

AMBIENT

PLANT AIR

7.0

AMBIENT

PLANT WATER

5.0

AMBIENT

COOLING WATER(SUPPLY)

4.0

32

COOLING WATER(HOT)

2.0

42

14.6

43

( TO RO FEED WATER HEATER)


10 % CAUSTIC SODA

Note 1) Temperature of processing condensate and steam condensate shall be


finalized at the detailed engineering stage
OUTGOING
PORABLE WATER

3.0

AMBIENT

ATM

AMBIENT

DEMINERALIZED WATER

6.0

AMBIENT

COOLING WATER RETURN

2.0

42

COOLING WATER

1.0

32

LOW PRESSURE STEAM

3.5

195

WASTE WATER

3.0

AMBIENT

MAKE-UP COOLING WATER

(FROM RO FEED WATER HEATER)

(NEUTRALIZED REGENERATION WASTE RO


BRINE)

Note 2) Temperature of polished water shall be finalized at the detail


engineering stage

DATE : 2006. 8. 23
3.6

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Attachment
Process flow diagram (d-u2b-1) and equipment list are attached
here with for reference

TABLE 1 SPECIFICATION OF RAW WATER


CALCIUM

mg/l AS CaCO3

104.5

MAGNESIUM

mg/l AS CaCO3

174.9

SODIUM

mg/l AS CaCO3

654.8

POTASSIUM

mg/l AS CaCO3

41.3

AMMONIUM

mg/l AS CaCO3

1.2

M-ALKALINITY

mg/l AS CaCO3

119.5

CHLORIDE

mg/l AS CaCO3

723.1

SULPHATE

mg/l AS CaCO3

135.9

NITRATE

mg/l AS CaCO3

2.4

TOTAL IRON

mg/l AS Fe

1.0

SILICA

mg/l AS SiO2

5.5

COD Mn

mg/l

13

TURBIDITY

DEGREE

1203.3

TDS

mg/l

7.7 - 8.2

pH

TABLE 2 SPECIFICATION OF FILTERED WATER


SS

mg/l

2 MAX

COD Mn

mg/l

10 MAX

TABLE 3 SPECIFICATION OF STEAM CONDENSATE


QUANTITY
NORMAL

124.5 T/H

2 max

MAXIMUN

168.5 T/H

10 max

TEMPERATURE

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NORMAL

90

MAXIMUN

100

QUALITY
PH VALUE

8-9

CONDUCTIVITY

micro S/cm

20 max

SILICA

mg/l as SiO2

0.5 max

IRON

mg/ l as Fe

0.05 max

COPPER

mg/ l as Cu

0.005 max

SUSPENDED SOLID

mg/ l as

1 max

TURBIDITY

NTU

1 max

OIL AND GREASE


COD Mn

nil
mg/ l

1 max

Note 3) Quantity and temperature shall be finalized at the detailed engineering


stage
TABLE 4 SPECIFICATION OF VACCUM STEAM CONDENSATE
QUANTITY
NORMAL
- WINTER

86.5 T/H

- SUMMER

108.7 T/H

MAXIMUN

150 T/H

TEMPERATURE
QUALITY

NOTE 4)

49
SAME AS ABOVE

NOTE 4) QUANTITY SHALL BE FINALIZED AT THE DETAIL ENGINEERING STAGE

TABLE 5 SPECIFICATION OF SM PLANT CONDENSATE


QUALITY
NORMAL

49 T/H

MAXIMUN

74 T/H

TEMPERATURE

40 - 90

Fe

mg/l

0.02 MAX

CONDUCTIVITY

micro S/cm

10 MAX

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QUALITY
PH
HARDNESS

8.3 - 8.6
mg/l AS CaCO3

0.1 MAX

OIL

NIL

ATTACHMENT #1 EQUIPMENT LIST FOR DEMINERALIZED WATER


TREATMENT PACKAGE
WATER TREATMENT FACILITY (PACKAGE DEALING UNIT)
ITEM NO SERVICE

REQ'D NO SPECIFICATION

REMARK

RO UNIT
CP-2201 RO UNIT

5000m3/day PER TRAIN

DA-2201 DECARBONATOR

BY VENDOR

EA-2201 RO FEED WATER HEATER l

BY VENDOR

EA-2202 RO FEED WATER HEATER ll

BY VENDOR

FB-2201 RO PERMEATED WATER TANK 1

BY VENDOR

FD-2201 SAFETY FILTER

5+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2201 RO TRANSFER PUMP

5+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2202 RO HIGH PRESSURE PUMP

5+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2203 DECARBONATE WATER PUMP 1+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2204 CHEMICAL CLEANING PUMP

BY VENDOR

GA-2205 H2SO4 PUMP

5+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2206 NaHSO3 PUMP

5+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2207 SHMP PUMP

5+1

BY VENDOR

GB-2201 DECARBONATION BLOWER

1+1

BY VENDOR

FA-2201 DECARBONATED WATER TANK 1

BY VENDOR

FA-2202 NaHSO3 TANK

BY VENDOR

FA-2203 SHMO TANK

BY VENDOR

FA-2204 CHEMICAL CLEANING TANK

BY VENDOR

CS+EPOXY LINING

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GD-2201 CHEMICAL CLEANING TANK

BY VENDOR

BY VENDOR

MIXER
GD-2202 SHMP TANK MIXER

WATER TREATMENT FACILITY (PACKAGE DEALING UNIT)


ITEM NO SERVICE

REQ'D NO SPECIFICATION

REMARK

DEMINERALIZER UNIT
DA-2301 CATION TOWER

1+1

BY VENDOR

DA-2302 DEGASFIER

1+1

BY VENDOR

DA-2303 ANION TOWER

1+1

BY VENDOR

FB-2301 DEMINERALIZED WATER TANK 1

BY VENDOR

FA-2301 DEGASFIER WATER TANK

1+1

BY VENDOR

GA-2301 CATION TOWER FEED PUMP

1+2

BY VENDOR

GA-2302 DEGASFIER WATER PUMP

1+2

BY VENDOR

GA-2303 DEMINERALIZED WATER PUMP 1+1

BY VENDOR

GB-2301 DEGASSING BLOWER

BY VENDOR

1+1

REGENERATION AND NEUTRALIZATION UNIT


FB-2304 H2SO4 STORAGE TANK

BY VENDOR

FB-2305 NaOH STORAGE PUMP

BY VENDOR

FA-2302 H2SO4 MEASURING TANK

BY VENDOR

FA-2303 NaOH MEASURING TANK

BY VENDOR

FA-2304 RESIN MIXING AIR TANK

BY VENDOR

AD-2301 NEUTRALIZATION PIT

BY VENDOR

GB-2302 MIXING BLWER

1+1

BY VENDOR

FA-2204 CHEMICAL CLEANING TANK

BY VENDOR

GA-2307 WASTE WATER PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

GD-2202 REGENERATION PUMP

1+1

BY VENDOR

CS+EPOXY LINING

DATE : 2006. 8. 23
3.7

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Demineralized Water System Making Guide


3.7.1

General Description
3.7.1.1 R/O Unit
It is composed of high pressure pump, module, a
measuring instrument. main activity is to remove
Nacl ,colloidal matter, organism, other organic
matter in water. 90% of nacl is removed, life of ion
exchanger resin is increased 10 times and
regeneration of ion exchanger resin is reduced.
so time and cost is reduced and discharging
equipment disposal cost is reduced one-tenth.
3.7.1.2 Demineralizer Unit (2 B 3 T)
This unit is used when many hco3- ion exist in
water. this unit consume lower anion exchanger
resin and NaOH than 2 bed 3 tower, because co2
is removed in de gasifier.
3.7.1.3 Regeneration and Neutralization Unit
It is the process that activates ion exchange resin
by injecting regeneration agent. Sulfuric acid and
caustic soda is diluted to fixed concentration
(2~5%) by ejector or pump, they are injected at
ion exchanger resin tower tail.

3.7.2

Design Considerations
3.7.2.1 R/O Unit

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SiO2 max. Content is 30 ppm, fe is 0.3 ppm, min


is 0.1 ppm, cl2 is 1ppm in water. Membrane has
ph permission range. If ph in water exceed
permission range, ph should be controlled by
chemical injection. If residue chlorine in r/o
discharge water is in flowed to ion exchanger,
purity of pure water is decreased. So, reductant
(na2so3) should be injected.
(1) Though same materials would be used, its
capacity or effect is different by design method.
There are large tube, plate & flame, spiral wound,
hollow fine fiber type in module design. Packing
density and water output per unit volume of
hollow fine fiber are excellent but not applicable in
Korea water condition, so spiral wound is mainly
used in Korea.
(2) Generally if temp. rise 1, pass rate by
osmosis is increased 2%. Although high temp.
Solution is very economical, but membrane has
application range. If temp is different with
application temp. (25) of membrane, it should
be controlled by cooling tower or heater.
(3) Generally, if numerical value should be
controlled below 4.
(4) If r/o equipment is operated for long time,
scale and bacteria is created on the surface of
membrane, so flow rate and reject rate is
decreased. So, inorganic contamination should
be cleaned by Na3PO4, NaOH, citric acid, organic
contamination should be cleaned by triton x-100,

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2na-edta, HCHO.
(5) Vacuum degas method is used to remove
oxygen in water. Material of tower is stainless,
vacuum degree is 70cmhg - 76cmhg.
3.7.2.2 Demineralizer Unit
(1)

Counter-current
Regeneration method: -It consume lower
regeneration agent than co-current and
amount of waste water regenerated is
low.

(2)

De gasifier Set Up
- When HCO3- is high concentration in
water
(i) m-alkalinity + co 20 ppm as caco3
100 ppm as caco3 (by flour)
(ii) HCO3- concentration
30% of
total anion (flour)
De gasifier should be set up.
- The amount used of anion exchange
resin is low and so,Naoh consumption is
reduced.
- 9095 % of CO2 is deleted.
- In boiler water over 60 kg/cm2g boiler,
vacuum decarbonator is used.
- De gasfier can be used commonly in
multi-train.

3.7.2.3 Regeneration and Neutralization Unit

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(1)

Regeneration Water
- Cation exchange resin: natural water
use
- Anion exchange resin: de-cationized
water or pure water use.

(2)

Regeneration Chemicals
- H2SO4 is best economical in cation
exchange resin.
H2SO4 : 15% solution
HCl : 10% solution
Na2SO4 : 5% solution
- Anion exchanger resin
caustic soda : 4% solution

3.7.2.4 Chemical Consumption


(1)

Chemical Consumption
- Chemical concentration : 3.7 article
- Countercurrent, parallel regeneration method

regeneration method

counter-current

co-current

regeneration

cation resin

4060

100

Level

anion resin

4060

100

about 2 hours

about 4 hours

regeneration time
passing rate time

cation resin

(m/hr)

LV =20
LVmax =40

anion resin

LV =10
LVmax =40

LV =20
LVmax =50
LV =10
LVmax =50

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

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4 POTABLE WATER PACKAGE


4.1

General Description
Clarified and filtered water from the raw water treatment facilities
(filtered water) is stored in the filtered water tank. Pump is
installed for transferring feed water to the potable water unit.
NaOCl solution is injected by metering pumps for chlorination
and the concentration is controlled to maintain more than 0.2
ppm as free residual chlorine. Before chlorination, activated
carbon filter is to be installed to remove mainly color and BOD.

4.2

Scope Definition
This specification should be regarded as typical. The potable
water package will consist of the following major equipments.
4.2.1

Equipments
(1) NaOCl storage tank : 1 ea
(2) NaOCl injection pump : 2 ea
(3) Line mixer : 1 ea
(4) Activated carbon filter : 1 ea
(5) Micro filter : 1 ea
(6) Vent scrubber : 1 ea

4.2.2

Instrument, Electrical and Piping


(1) All interconnecting piping, valves, instrumentation &
control, electrical & instrument wiring within the package
to be installed.

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(2) Local control panel & MCC panel.


4.3

Design Considerations
4.3.1

Design Conditions
1) Capacity - flow rate , max : 6.3 m3/hr
, nor : 2.1 m3/hr
2) Feed water condition
Source : filtered water
Temperature : 5-20
Pressure
- Inlet : 5.0 kg/cm2-g
- Outlet : 3.5 kg/cm2-g min
Water quality : Refer to attached sheet #1
3) Chemical Injection
Chemical : NaOCl solution (10% as Cl2)
NaOCl : 0.5 - 1.0 mg/1 (Cycle water)
Injection method : by metering pump
Injection mode : continuous

4.3.2

Equipment specifications
1) Carbon Filter
Quantity : 1 ea
COD removal - inlet : 2-5 ppm
- outlet : less than 1 ppm
Carbon- volume : 0.08 kg-cod/kg-carbon(ref. figure)
- lifetime : *
Service flow : 10 -25 m3/m2hr (ref. figure)
Backwash
- flow rate
: lv =20 m/hr (ref. figure)
- Bed expansion: 50% (ref. figure)
- time
: 30 min(ref. figure)

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

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Const. mat'l

: carbon steel (c.a. = 3mm)

2) NaOCl storage tank


Quantity
Holding time
Volume
Chemical
Const. mat'l

: 1 ea
: 14 days for normal consumption
: * m3
: NaOCl solution (10 % as cl2)
: C.S + PVC or PE lining

3) NaOCl injection pump


Type
Quantity
Capacity
Material

: diaphragm
: 2 ea
:*
- Diaphragm
- Head
- Cylinder

: teflon
: pvc
: sus 304

Capacity control
- Manual stroke adjustment
- Range : 0 - 100%
4) Micro-filter
Type
Quantity
Element fineness
Material

: cartridge
: 2 ea (1 stand-by)
: 10 m
- Casing
: sus 304
- Element
: sus 304

5) Line mixer
(1) Type
(2) Quantity
(3) Material

: static inline mixer


: 1 ea
- Casing: sus 304

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- Internal: sus 304


6) Vent scrubber
(1) Type
: water spray/packing
(2) Gas to be treated : cl2 gas evolved above 30
(3) Evolved gas
- flow rate
:*
- concentr'n : *
(4) Treated gas
- concentr'n : *
(4) Material
- tower : pvc
- Packing
: pvc
- Internal
: pvc
(5) Dimension
- tower dia
:*
- Tower height : *
- Bed height : *
4.3.3

Instrumentation, Piping, and Electrical


(1) All interconnecting piping, valves, instrumentation and
control, electrical and instrument wiring within the
package to be included in contractor's scope.
(2) Local control panel and MCC panel to be included.

4.4

Flow Scheme
Refer to attached schematic flow diagram

4.5

Remarks
(1) Vendor to state marked as *
(2) Piping material: CS + PE or PVC lining with bronze valves
(3) Cl2 evolution from the NaOCl storage tank shall be reduced
enough to meet environmental regulations.

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

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(4) Vendor shall submit calculation basis for vent scrubber


design if purchaser request to get governmental approval.
(5) Residual cl2 analyzer with low alarm and recorder to be
supplied.
(6) Vendor shall submit deviation list for those items that do not
follow the specifications described here.
4.6

Attachment
#1. Raw water specification
#2. Raw water specification (well water)
#3. Flow scheme

DATE : 2006. 8. 23

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Attached #1. raw water specification


====================================
pH( 25 )
Conductivity
Total hardness
Ca++
Mg++
(Na+) + (K+)
NH4+
m-alkalinity
ClNO3SO4SiO2
Free CO2
Turbidity
COD(mn)
Total cation
Total anion
Color

s/cm
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
ppm as sio2
ppm as co2
degree
ppm as caco3
ppm as caco3
degree

6.5-8.5
420
70.0
41.2
28.8
105.5
3.3
45.0
79.3
8.3
47.4
7.0
7.0
less than 2
3.5
178.9
180.0
-

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Attached #2. raw water specification (well water)


=================================================
pH ( 25 )
Conductivity
s/cm
2+,3+
Fe
mg/
T-Fe
mg/
NH3
mg/
T-Na
mg/
+
Na
mg/
K+
mg/
3+,6+
Cr
mg/
Total alkalinity mgcaco3/
SO32mg/
Clmg/
4+
Si
mg/
BOD
mg/
TDS
mg/
Turbidity
degree

7.3
230
<0.01
<0.01
0.1
2.2
2.2
0.15
<0.02
120
3.2
2.2
20
0.6
144
30

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ATTACHED #3. FLOW SCHEME


FIL T E R ED
W A T ER

A C T IV A T ED
CA RB ON
FIL T E R

V E NT
SCR UB BE R

LS

HY POC HLOR INA TOR


POT A B LE
W A T ER
T A NK
M
HY POCHLOR INE
C

PUMP

ST A T IC
MIX E R

MICR O
FIL T E R
M
S
POT A B LE
W A T ER
PUMP

DATE : 2006. 8. 23
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Potable Water Making Guide


4.7.1

General Description
1) Raw water source: filtered water / underground wellwater
2) Activated carbon filter: I is main aim to remove
chromaticity and organic matter.
According to degree, ii is not used.
(The quality of water standard table: attachment #1)

4.7.2

Scope Definition
4.7.2.1 Instrument, Electrical & Piping
NaOCl line usually use PVC, C.S + PP, PE lining
but after mixing, it use sus or C.S.

4.7.3

Design Considerations
4.7.3.1 Design Conditions
1) Chemical Injection: 10% NaOCl (as Cl) is
normally available and used without dilution.
4.7.3.2 Equipment Specifications
1) Carbon Filter : carbon characteristics should
be carefully checked to meet performance.
2) NaOCl : Although frp, PE tank could be used, if
nozzle connection is weak, it is not used.
3) NaOCl Injection Pump : on a base of injection

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amount (1 - 2 ppm), it must be choose to (0 - 100


%)
Ex)
Flow rate : 2 m/hr
w = 2 1 = 2 g/hr 2/hr
Pump capacity = 4/hr
Pump material : if we consider durability of liquid
contacting part, we can use alloy steel.
4) Micro Filter
material : cs is used to casting, sus304, polyester
is used to element.
5) Vent Scrubber
It is used to catch CI gas by water-spray. CI gas
is created with thermal disjointing
NaOCl is used to pasteurization agent in more
30.
Bed-height : usually 300500 mm
Dia : 200400
5

REVISION HISTORY
Rev

Date

Page

06.08.23

All

Revision Status

- Team : Process Eng'g Team


- Made by : G.O. Jung
- Checked by : J.C. Ro, E.D. Lee, Henry Sung, B.S. Son
- Approved by : C.S. Jung

ATTACHMENT
#1. Each country water quality standard table
country name

Korea

W.H.O

America

Japan

N(NH3)

0.5 below

0.5 below

N(nitrous acid.)

10 below (total sum)

10 below (total sum)

n(nitric acid)

10 below

40(80) below

CL

150 below

200(400) below

20 below

200 below

10 below

10 below

10 below

a bacterium

100 below in 1cc

100 below in 1cc

100 below in 1cc

a colon bacillus

detecting failure in

detecting failure in

50cc

50cc

CN

detecting failure

0.01 below

0.01(0.2) below

detecting failure

Hg-

detecting failure

0.05 below

detecting failure

organic phosphor

detecting failure

detecting failure

Cu

1.0 below

1.0 below

1.0 below

1.0 below

Fe

0.3 below

0.3(1.0) below

0.3 below

0.3 below

1.0 below

1.0(1.5) below

0.8-1.7(1.4-2.4)

0.8 below

Pb

0.1 below

0.1 below

(0.05)below

0.1 below

Zn

1.0 below

5.0(15.0) below

5.0 below

1.0 below

Cr

0.05 below

0.05 below

(0.05 below)

0.05 below

As

0.05 below

0.2 below

0.01(0.05 below)

0.05 below

Mn

0.3 below

0.1(0.5) below

0.05 below

0.3 below

phenol

0.005 below

0.001(0.002) below

0.001 below

0.005 below

Ca

75(200) below

Mg

50(150) below

total solidity

300 below

100-500 below

as CaCO3 300 below

pH

5.8-8.5

7.0-8.5(6.5-9.2)

7.0-10.6

5.8-8.6

smell

detecting failure

Inoffensive

detecting failure

taste

detecting failure

detecting failure

detecting failure

chromaticity

5 degree below

15 below

5 degree below

muddy degree

2 degree below

5 JTU

5 JTU

2 degree below

(KMnO4 consumption)

10% below

detecting failure in
50cc

evaporation residue

500 below

500(1000) below

500 below

SO4-

200 below

200(400) below

250 below

Se

0.05 below

(0.01below)

Ba

(1.0 below)

Cd

0.01 below

0.01 below

(0.01)below

(0.01below)

cleaning agent

0.5 below

advice0.5 below

0.5 below

0.5 below

10-9c/

Rec/e225.3

3000

beta 10-8c/

year 5.90 10'

(anion interface agent)

permition limit1.0
below

radioactivity

total
resident chlorine

0.2 above

carbon chloroform

union resident chlorine extraction amount 0.2


1.5 above
hospital life pollution
1.8 above

permition limit 0.5

100'

0.05-0.1 above

0.1 above

0.05 carbon

union resident chlorine

chloroform extraction

1.5

amount 0.2

hospital life pollution


1.8 above