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ECE Review
B. 447 K *

## 1. Calculate the number of atoms in 3.50 moles

of atoms? Ans. 2.11 1024 atoms
A. 3.01 1024 atoms c. 2.11 1024 atoms*
B. 3.12 1024 atoms D. 2.21 1024 atoms

GEAS
D. 475 K

## 15. What is the molar mass of a gas if 1.2 g of gas

occupied a volume of 1.5 L at 25C and 740
mmHg?
A. 18.75 g/mol
C. 22.4 g/mol
B. 20.10 g/mol *
D. 25.2 g/mol

## 2. How many grams are present in 2.5 moles of

sodium sulfate Na2SO4? Na = 23 g/mol; S = 32 16. Calculate the number of moles of gas in a
g/mol; O = 16 g/mol
sample occupying 532 mL at 0.555 atm at
A. 350 g
C. 355 g *
14C. Ans.
B. 352 g
D. 357 g
A. 0.0139 mol *
C. 0.0243 mol
B. 0.0072 mol
D. 0.0194 mol
3. Each molecule of a substance contains 9
carbon atoms and 13 hydrogen atoms and
17. The rate of hydrogen effusion was 3.728 mL/s,
2.33 10-23 g of other components. What is the
while the rate of an unknown gas was 1.000
molecular weight (in g/mole) of this
mL/s. Find the molar mass of the unknown
substance?
gas.
A. 130 g/mol
C. 138 g/mol
A. 20.08 g/mol
C. 26.10 g/mol
B. 135 g/mol *
D. 132 g/mol
B. 24.62 g/mol
D. 28.02 g/mol *
4. How many grams of carbon are there in 2.4
mol of C3H8O (isopropanol)?
A. 86.4 g *
C. 68.4 g
B. 84.6 g
D. 64.8 g

## 18. How much heat is needed to vaporize 1.5 kg

of water at standard atmospheric conditions?
A. 2.26 MJ
C. 2.43 MJ
B. 3.39 MJ *
D. 4.28 MJ

## 5. A gaseous sample with a molar mass of

19.
approximately 254 g/mol was found to consist
of 25.2% sulfur, S, and 74.8% fluorine, F. What
is the molecular formula of this sample?
A. S2F8
C. S4F10
B. S2F4
D. S2F10 *
20.
6. Calculate the mass of the oxygen that reacts
with 1.24 g of methane (natural gas) to form
3.41 g of carbon dioxide and 2.79 g of water.
Ans: 4.96 g
A. 4.85 g
C. 4.51 g
21.
B. 4.70 g
D. 4.96 g *
7. A 10.0 g sample of sodium chloride consists of
39.3% sodium and the rest chlorine. What is
the mass of sodium in a 4.00 g sample? The
molar mass of sodium and chlorine are 23
g/mol and 35.5 g/mol respectively.
A. 2.34 g
C. 2.41 g
B. 1.57 g *
D. 3.21 g
8. Naturally occurring magnesium consists
78.70% of 24Mg with atoms of mass 23.98504
amu, 10.13% of 25Mg with atoms of mass
24.98584 amu, and 11.17% 26Mg, with atoms
25.98259 amu. Calculate the atomic mass of
the magnesium.
A. 26.22 amu *
C. 25.08 amu
B. 24.26 amu
D. 27.03 amu
9. How many moles of magnesium oxide will be
produced from the reaction of 3.5 moles of
oxygen gas with a sufficient amount of
magnesium?
A. 7.0 mol *
C. 5.0 mol
B. 3.5 mol
D. 8.0 mol

22.

23.

24.

25.
10. What is the molarity of ethanol in 90-proof
whiskey? Density of alcohol is 0.8 g/mL, MW
of ethanol = 46 amu.
A. 7.83 M *
C. 8.62 M
B. 6.28 M
D. 8.26 M
11. The density of a 2.45 M aqueous solution of
methanol (CH3OH) is 0.976 g/L. What is the
molality of the solution?
A. 2.75 m
C. 3.72 m
B. 2.73 m *
D. 3.27 m

26.

## 12. Calculate the mass of water required to

prepare a 4.00 m aqueous solution of NH3
using 25.0 g of NH3.
A. 0.368 kg *
C. 0.475 kg
B. 0.465 kg
D. 0.570 kg

27.

## 13. Calculate the final volume if a 1.50-L sample

of gas at 105 kPa is changed to 1.22 atm at
constant temperature.
A. 3.2 L
C. 1.35 L
B. 2.12 L
D. 1.27 L *

28.

## 14. A sample of a gas has a volume of 5.00 L at

25C. What is the temperature in degrees
Celsius is necessary to increase the volume of
the gas to 7.50 L? Ans: 174C
A. 174 K
C. 387 K

29.

## to the point where it was released. Which of

the following statements is true?
A. The average velocity is zero *
B. The average velocity is never zero
C. The instantaneous velocity is never zero at
any time
D. All statements are false
30. The acceleration due to gravity
A. has a constant value at sea level
B. is negative
C. varies with altitude or elevation
D. all of the above *
31. As a projectile thrown upward moves in its
parabolic path, at what point along its path are
the velocity and acceleration vectors for the
projectile perpendicular to each other?
A. nowhere
B. the highest point *
C. launch point
D. just before it hits the ground

## 32. When is the velocity of an object in motion

negative?
A. when it is above the point of origin
Calculate its specific heat if a 35.9-g sample of
B. when it is below the point of origin
metal at 58.0C is immersed in 52.1 g of water
C. when it is going down *
at 16.3C, warming the water to 20.7C.
D. No! This cannot happen! The velocity must
A. 0.72 J/gC *
C. 0.68 J/gC
be positive.
B. 0.74 J/gC
D. 0.64 J/gC
33. The rate at which an object falls in the
Calculate the osmotic pressure of 0.100 M
absence of air resistance does not depend on
solution of a nonionic solute at 25C.
A. the mass of the object
A. 257 kPa
C. 248 kPa *
B. the shape of the object
B. 235 kPa
D. 358 kPa
C. the initial velocity of the object
D. all of the above *
What is the pressure in MPa of 7 kg of
nitrogen gas confined to a volume of 0.4 m3 at 34. If an object is in motion and its velocity does
10C? For nitrogen gas, M = 28 g/mol.
not change, which of the following statements
A. 1.47 MPa *
C. 2.07 MPa
is true?
B. 1.52 MPa
D. 2.35 MPa
A. the object is in a state of dynamic
equilibrium
What volume does 2.05 mol of oxygen occupy
B. the object follows a straight line
at a temperature of 25C and a pressure of
C. the net force acting on the object must be
0.950 atm?
zero
A. 50.4 L
C. 52.8 L *
D. all answers are correct *
B. 30.2 L
D. 55.6 L
35. Ken has a mass of 70 kg. What is his weight
A sample of xenon gas was collected in a
on the moon if the acceleration due to gravity
5.000 L container at a pressure of 225.0
in the lunar surface is 1.6 m/s2?
mmHg, and a temperature of 27.0C. Later the
A. 100 N
C. 70 N
pressure had changed to 1.000 atm, and the
B. 686 N
D. 112 N *
temperature was 0.0C. What was the new
volume, in liters, of the gas?
36. A ball having a mass of 400 grams has an
A. 1.25 g/mol
C. 1.35 g/mol *
acceleration of 2.5 m/s2. The net force acting
B. 2.28 g/mol
D. 3.20 g/mol
on the ball is
A. 1 kN
C. 1 N *
A sample of gas occupies a volume of 10.0 mL
B. 160 N
D. 6.25 N
at 60C and 567 mmHg. What volume would
this gas occupy at STP?
37. If an object does not interact with other
A. 4.20 mL
C. 5.51 mL
objects, it is possible to identify a reference
B. 6.12 mL *
D. 7.25 mL
frame in which the object has zero
acceleration. This is a statement of which
A sample of gas has a volume of 2.50 L at
law?
25C and 745 torr. What will be the volume in
A. law of inertia *
C. law of interaction
liters of the sample if we increase the
B. law of acceleration D. law of motion
temperature to 45 and the pressure changes
to 0.75 atm.
38. The acceleration of a body is
A. 2.48 L
C. 3.15 L
A. directly proportional to its mass
B. 3.02 L
D. 3.49 L *
B. directly proportional to the net force acting
on it *
22
1.55 10 molecules of oxygen at 20C are
C. independent of the objects mass
placed in a container with maximum capacity
D. independent of the net force acting on it
of one liter. What is the pressure of oxygen
inside the container?
39. A body moving in a uniform circular motion
A. 60.24 kPa
C. 62.64 kPa *
A. Has a constant speed
B. 58.12 kPa
D. 59.35 kPa
B. has a changing velocity
C. Is accelerating
A solution is prepared by dissolving 45.2 g of
D. All answers are correct *
sucrose in 250.0 g of water. Calculate the
mass percent of the solution.
40. The value of the coefficient of friction
A. 15.3 % *
C. 14.7 %
A. depends on the surface area of the object
B. 11.2 %
D. 12.5 %
in contact
B. depend on the mass of the object
Determine the molality of ethanol, C2H5OH, in
C. depend on the weight of the object
a solution prepared by adding 50.0 g of
D. depend only on the nature of the surfaces
ethanol to 250.0 g of water.
in contact *
A. 4.34 m *
C. 3.68 m
B. 5.21 m
D. 5.41 m
41. A 10-kg box is pushed 10 m to the right by a
50 N force. If the coefficient of friction between
A ball is thrown directly upward until it reaches
the box and the floor is 0.12, what is the work
the maximum point and then falls back exactly
done on the box?
A. 320 J
C. 230 J

B. 382 J *

ECE Review
D. 328 J

## 42. What is the potential energy of a 120 lb object

hanging 20 ft from the ground?
A. 4260 J
C. 2400 J
B. 6420 J
D. 3260 J *
43. Which of the following quantities is scalar?
A. momentum
C. force
B. velocity
D. energy *
44. A body in motion possesses
A. momentum
C. power
B. energy
D. all of the above *
45. What happens to the kinetic energy of an
object if its momentum is doubled?
A. it will also double
B. it will remain the same
C. it will quadruple *
D. insufficient data to tell
46. A 1 kg object falls freely from a height of 10 m.
What is its kinetic energy just before it hits the
ground?
A. 98 J *
C. 100 J
B. 90 J
D. 104 J
47. How much electrical energy is consumed by a
1.5 hp air conditioner that runs continuously
for 6 hours?
A. 9 kWh
C. 5.4 kWh
B. 4 kWh
D. 6.7 kWh *
48. A hot-air balloon is ascending at the rate of 12
m/s and is 80 m above the ground when a
package is dropped over the side.
A. 38 m/s
C. 41 m/s *
B. 44 m/s
D. 53 m/s

A. 0.3 m/s
B. 0.4 m/s

GEAS
C. 0.5 m/s *
D. 0.6 m/s

## 57. On Earth, an astronaut and equipment weigh

1,960 N. While weightless in space, the
astronaut fires a 100 N rocket backpack for 2
seconds. What is the resulting velocity of the
astronaut and equipment?
A. 0.5 m/s
C. 2 m/s
B. 1.5 m/s
D. 1 m/s *
58. What is the velocity of a 1,000 kg car if its
kinetic energy is 200 kJ?
A. 18 m/s
C. 20 m/s *
B. 19 m/s
D. 21 m/s

70. If a fly collides with the windshield of a fastmoving bus, which experiences an impact
force with a larger magnitude?
A. the fly
B. the bus
C. they experience the same impact force *
D. cannot be determined due to lack of data

## 59. A man 1.7 m tall is standing 2.50 m in front of

a camera. The camera uses a converging lens
whose focal length is 0.0500 m. What is the
magnification of the lens?
A. 0.0530
C. 0.0478
B. 0.0312
D. 0.0204 *

## 71. The magnitude of the frictional force is

A. directly proportional to the coefficient of
friction
B. directly proportional to the normal force *
C. depends on the surface area in contact
D. all of the above

## 72. Which of the following statements is not true

regarding the magnitude of the force of static
friction?
A. it can be equal to sN
B. it can be less than sN
C. it can sometimes be greater than sN *
D. none of the above

## when it collides and couples with a second,

identical car at rest. What is the resulting
speed of the combined cars?
A. 2.3 m/s
B. 1.5 m/s
C. 1.7 m/s
D. 2.0 m/s *

73.
61. Sound travels faster in water than in air at
ordinary temperatures because
A. water has much higher density than air
B. water is far more incompressible than air *
C. the bulk modulus of water is lower than that
for air
D. the modulus of elasticity of air is higher
74.
than that of water

## 49. A string 0.75 m long is used to whirl a 300 g

stone in a vertical circle at a uniform velocity of 62. When a body undergoes uniform circular
motion
6 m/s. What is the tension in the string when
A. it has a constant speed
the stone is at the bottom of the circle?
B. its velocity is changing
A. 11.46 N
C. 20.4 N
C. it undergoes an acceleration
B. 14.4 N
D. 17.34 N *
D. all answers are correct *
50. The launching mechanism of a toy gun
63. The acceleration of a body in uniform circular
consists of a spring of unknown spring
motion
constant. When the spring is compressed
A. depends on its mass
0.120 m, the gun, when fired vertically, is able
B. is always normal to the path
to launch a 35.0-g projectile to a maximum
C. is a function of its velocity *
height of 20.0 m above the position of the
D. is directed away from the center of rotation
projectile before firing. Neglecting all resistive
forces, determine the spring constant.
64. What happens to the radial acceleration of a
A. 753 N/m
C. 945 N/m
body in uniform circular motion if the radius of
B. 953 N/m *
D. 674 N/m
its path is doubled?
A. the acceleration will double as well
51. A candle is held 3.0 in. from a concave mirror
B. the acceleration will be reduced by half *
whose radius is 24 in. Where is the image of
C. the acceleration will not change at all
the candle?
D. the acceleration will be reduced to oneA. 4 in *
C. 3 in
fourth of its original value
B. 2 in
D. 5 in
52. A 70-kg astronaut is floating inside a
spaceship that is in a circular orbit at an
altitude of 207 km above the earth, where the
gravitational field intensity is 9.2 N/kg. What is
the magnitude of the force of gravity on the
astronaut?
A. 724 N
C. 548 N
B. 882 N
D. 644 N *
53. An electric hoist is used to lift a 250 kg load to
a height of 80 m in 39.2 s. What is the power
of the hoist motor in hp?
A. 6.7 hp *
C. 4.7 hp
B. 5.3 hp
D. 7.8 hp
54. What potential energy is acquired by a block
of steel whose mass is 50 kg when it is raised
5.0 m?
A. 2750 J
C. 2500 J *
B. 2700 J
D. 2600 J
55. An object located 20 cm in front of a convex
mirror forms an image 10 cm behind the
mirror. What is the focal length of the mirror?
A. 10 cm
C. 20 cm *
B. 15 cm
D. 25 cm
56. A 15 g bullet is fired with a velocity of 200 m/s
from a 6 kg rifle. What is the recoil velocity of
the rifle?

## A. the acceleration of a body is caused by

unbalanced forces
B. the acceleration of a body is inversely
proportional to the net force acting on it
C. the acceleration of a body is inversely
proportional to its mass *
D. a body in equilibrium has zero acceleration

## 65. A particle that moves along a curved path

A. has an acceleration caused by the change
in the magnitude of the velocity
B. has an acceleration due to the changing
direction of the velocity
C. can have a changing speed and direction
D. all answers are correct *
66. If an object does not interact with other
objects, it is possible to identify a reference
frame in which the object has zero
acceleration. This statement refers to the
A. first law of motion *
B. third law of motion
C. second law of motion
D. law of acceleration
67. A body in equilibrium
A. is always at rest
B. can have acceleration
C. is always in motion
D. can be in motion *
68. The change in the motion of a body is caused
by
A. forces *
C. equilibrium
B. acceleration
D. inertia
69. Newtons second law of motion directly states
that

## A 0.5 kg metal ball is attached to the end of a

1.5 m cord and moves in a horizontal circle. If
the cord can withstand a maximum tension of
50.0 N, what is the maximum speed at which
the ball can move before the cord breaks?
A. 10.5 m/s
C. 14.4 m/s
B. 12.2 m/s *
D. 14.6 m/s
A 1,500-kg car moving on a flat, horizontal
road negotiates a curve having a radius of
35.0 m and the coefficient of static friction
between the tires and dry pavement is 0.523,
find the maximum speed the car can have and
still make the turn successfully.
A. 13.4 m/s *
C. 12.4 m/s
B. 14.3 m/s
D. 13.2 m/s

## 75. A transfer of energy that involves a force

acting on a body which creates a
displacement.
A. energy
C. power
B. work *
D. motion
76. What is the change in the internal energy of a
thermodynamic system where an ideal gas
does a work of 550 J while loses heat energy
of 150 calories?
A. 1180 J *
C. 1200 J
B. 1210 J
D. 1220 J
77. Calculate the number of moles of gas in a
sample occupying 245 mL at 409 torr at 38C.
A. 0.00378 mol
C. 0.00516 mol *
B. 0.00450 mol
D. 0.00668 mol
78. What is the efficiency of a Carnot engine
operating between 260C and 927C?
A. 72 %
C. 56 % *
B. 48 %
D. 61 %
79. A man cleaning a floor pulls a vacuum cleaner
with a force of magnitude 50.0 N at an angle
of 30.0 with the horizontal. Calculate the work
done by the force on the vacuum cleaner as
the vacuum cleaner is displaced 3.00 m to the
right.
A. 130 J *
C. 110 J
B. 120 J
D. 100 J
80. The scalar product of two perpendicular
vectors is
A. always positive
C. a scalar
B. can be negative
D. zero *
81. If the speed of a particle is doubled, its kinetic
energy
A. becomes 4 times larger *
B. decreases
C. remains the same
D. increases by a factor of

82. What is the magnitude of the resultant force of
the two forces 200 N at 20 and 400 N at 144?
A. 332.5 N *
C. 313.5 N
B. 323.5 N
D. 233.5 N
83. The resultant of two concurrent forces is
minimum when the angle between them is
A. 0
C. 45
B. 90
D. 180 *
84. A man can exert a maximum pull of 1000 N
but wishes to lift a new stone door for his cave
weighing 20,000 N. If he uses a lever, how
much closer must the fulcrum be to the stone
that to his hand?
A. 10 times nearer
C. 20 times nearer *
B. 10 times farther
D. 20 times farther
85. The resultant of two forces in a plane is 400 N
at 120. If one of the forces is 200 lbs at
20what is the other force?
A. 347.77 N at 114.85
B. 435.77 N at 104.37
C. 357.56 N at 114.24
D. 477.27 N at 144.38*

ECE Review

GEAS
D. heat

## 89. Which state variable is a direct measure of the

average molecular kinetic energy of an ideal
gas?
A. internal energy
C. pressure
B. thermal energy
D. temperature *
90. Which one refers to the measure of the
disorder that is present in a given system?
A. friction
C. enthalpy
B. entropy
D. heat
91. The statement the entropy of the Universe
increases for all real processes is referring to
which law of thermodynamics?
A. zeroth
C. second *
B. first
D. third
92. What is the most efficient engine possible?
A. Carnot engine *
C. diesel engine
B. diesel engine
D. Kelvin engine

## 93. An electric post is supported by a guy wire,

which exerts a pull of 100 N on the top of the
post. If the angle between the guy wire and
the ground is 60, determine the vertical
86. A 100 kN block slides down a plane inclined at
component of the force supporting the pole.
an angle of 30with the horizontal. Neglecting
A. 89.9 N
C. 86.6 N *
friction, find the force that causes the block to
B. 91.1 N
D. 92.1 N
slide.
A. 48 N
C. 50 N *
94. A plane is headed due east with an airspeed
B. 54 N
D. 58 N
of 240 mph. If a wind at 40 mph is blowing
from the north, determine the resultant speed
87. A constant-pressure process is called
of the plane.
A. isobaric process * C. Charles Law
A. 253.3 mph
C. 592 mph
B. isothermal process D. isochoric process
B. 243.3 mph *
D. 200 mph
88. Which type of energy transfer mechanism is
95. Three forces 20 N, 30 N and 40 N are in
exhibited as hot air rises and cold air sinks?
equilibrium. Find the angle between the 30 N
A. convection *
C. conduction
and the 40 N forces.

A. 22.45
B. 25.55

C. 28.96*
D. 30.22

## 96. When work is done in an adiabatic expansion,

the temperature generally
A. increases
B. decreases *
C. remains the same
D. increase or decrease
97. The change in the internal energy of a system
is a result of energy transfer by heat or by
work or by both. This statement refers to the
A. first law of thermodynamics *
B. second law of thermodynamics
C. Clausius statement
D. Kelvin-Planck statement
98. Which law explains the limited efficiency of
heat engines?
A. first law of thermodynamics
B. second law of thermodynamics *
C. Clausius-statement
D. Carnot theorem
99. The area of the closed curve in the PV
diagram represents the _________ in a cyclic
process.
A. internal energy
C. enthalpy
B. heat transferred
D. work done *
100.
Which statement of the second law of
thermodynamics is applicable to heat
engines?
A. Kelvin-Planck statement
B. Clausius statement *
C. Carnot theorem
D. Joule statement