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Flag of the Philippines

The National Flag of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas; also called
the Three Stars and a Sun) is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and
scarlet, and with a white, equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the center of the triangle is a goldenyellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing a Philippine province. [a] At each vertex of
the triangle is a five-pointed, golden-yellow star, each of which representing one of the country's
three main island groups - Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, albeit, one of the stars originally
referred to Panay (the first province outside Luzon to have raised this flag), [9] which recent
interpretations call as "as representative of the entire Visayas region".[10]
A unique feature of this flag is its ability to indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red
side on top.[11]

Flag of Brunei
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The national flag of Brunei has the crest of Brunei in the centre, on a yellow field. The field is
cut by black and white diagonal stripes (parallelograms at an angle).
The yellow field represents the sultan of Brunei. In Southeast Asia, yellow is traditionally the
color of royalty, and the royal standards of Malaysia and Thailand, and the flag of Sarawak,
along with the presidential flag of Indonesia, also use a yellow field.
The crest consists of a crescent (symbolising Islam) facing upwards, joined with a parasol
(symbolising monarchy), with hands on the sides (signifying the benevolence of the
government). On the crescent is the national motto in Arabic: Always render service with God's

guidance () . Below this is a banner inscribed with Brunei Darussalam

(Brunei, the Abode of Peace).
The black and white stripes represent Brunei's chief ministers [1] who were once joint-regents and
then after the sultan came of age senior advisors: the Pengiran Bendahara (First Minister,
symbolised by a slightly thicker white stripe) and the Pengiran Pemancha (Second Minister,
governing foreign affairs, symbolised by black).[2][3]

Flag of Cambodia
The national flag of Cambodia (Khmer: Tung-Cheat, "National flag") in its
present form was originally adopted in 1948 and readopted in 1993, after elections restored the
Since around 1850, the Cambodian flag has featured a depiction of Angkor Wat in the center.
The current flag, with a blue border and red central (the stripes are in the ratio 1:2:1) was
adopted following Cambodia's independence in 1948. It was used until October 9, 1970, when a
new flag was introduced for Lon Nol's Khmer Republic that lasted until the takeover of the
Khmer Rouge in 1975. The subsequent state of Democratic Kampuchea, which existed from
1975 to 1979, used a red flag with a three-towered Angkor Wat design retained in yellow. The
People's Republic of Kampuchea was established in 1979, after the Vietnamese invasion of
The Kampuchean National United Front for National Salvation (FUNSK) revived the flag
adopted by the Khmer Issarak in the days of anti-French resistance for the new state. This flag
had the same color pattern as the DK flag, but with a yellow five-towered Angkor Wat silhouette.
When the PRK renamed itself as "State of Cambodia" (SOC) in 1989, the flag's lower half
became blue. The UNTAC flag was used during the 1992-1993 transitional period along with the
flag of the SOC within Cambodia.
In 1993, the 1948 Cambodian flag was readopted. The current Cambodian flag, together with
that of Afghanistan, hold the distinction of being the only two flags in the world to feature a
building in their design. Red and blue are traditional colors of Cambodia.
The flag used today is the same as that established in 1948, although since then 5 other designs
have been used. Almost all made use of the image of the temple of Angkor Wat in one form or

another. This famous temple site, which dates from the 12th century, was built by the
Mahidharapura monarchs. It has 5 towers, but these were not always all depicted in the stylised
version used on flags. The monarchy was restored in September 1993, the 1948 flag having been
readopted in June of that year.

Flag of Indonesia
The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white
(bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3.[1] It was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian
Independence declaration ceremony on 17 August 1945 and Independence from the Netherlands
on 17 August 1950. The design of the flag has remained the same ever since.
The flag is similar to the flag of Poland and flag of Singapore. The flag is identical to the flag of
Hesse (a German state) and the flag of Monaco, excluding the ratio. Red represents courage,
while white represents purity of intent. The flags colours represent blood (red) and sprit (white).
The Naval Jack of Indonesia is reserved for sole use by the Indonesian Navy. It flies from every
active Indonesian war ship mast.[2] The design of the jack is described as nine alternating stripes
of red and white. It is nicknamed Ular-ular Perang (War Pennant or literally "War Snakes"),
probably due to the stripes' design. The naval jack dates to the age of Majapahit Empire. The
Majapahit Empire, which was renowned for its great maritime strength, used to fly similar jacks
on its vessels.[3]

Flag of Laos
The flag consists of three horizontal strips, middle blue strip is twice the height of the top and
bottom red stripes. In the middle is a white disc, the diameter of the disc is 0.8 times the height
of the blue stripe. The flag ratio is 2:3. The national flag of Laos was adopted in 1975, when the
country became a people's republic. It is the only flag of a currently Communist country that
does not use the five-pointed star as an emblem.
This flag replaced the original flag of Laos, which was red, with a triple-headed white elephant
on a pedestal beneath a parasol. This expressed the ancient name of the country, "Land of a
Million Elephants," and dated from the 19th century. From 1953 onward the royal government
waged war with the Pathet Lao, whose flag was blue with a white disk and red borders at the top
and bottom.

From 1973-1975, the Pathet Lao formed part of the government coalition, before assuming
power directly and prompting the abdication of the king. Their flag was adopted as the national
flag. In the center is a white disk symbolizing the unity of the people under the leadership of the
Lao People's Revolutionary Party and the country's bright future. It is also said to represent a full
moon against the Mekong River. The red stripes stand for the blood shed by the people in their
struggle for freedom, and the blue symbolizes their prosperity.

Flag of Malaysia
The flag of Malaysia, also known as the Jalur Gemilang (Malay for "Stripes of Glory"),[1]
comprises a field of 14 alternating red and white stripes along the fly and a blue canton bearing a
crescent and a 14-point star known as the Bintang Persekutuan (Federal Star). The 14 stripes, of
equal width, represent the equal status in the federation of the 13 member states and the federal
government, while the 14 points of the star represent the unity between these entities. [2] The
crescent represents Islam, the country's official religion; the blue canton symbolises the unity of
the Malaysian people; the yellow of the star and crescent is the royal colour of the Malay rulers.

In blazon, the Malaysian flag is described as: "A banner Gules, seven bars Argent; the canton
Azure charged with decrescent and mullet of fourteen points Or." This means "a red flag with
seven horizontal white stripes; the upper-left (hoist) quarter is blue with a yellow waning
crescent (i.e. horns pointing to sinister) and a yellow 14-pointed star."

Flag of Burma
Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, adopted a new state flag on 21
October 2010 to replace the former flag in use since 1974. The new flag was introduced along
with implementing changes to the country's name, which were laid out in the 2008 Constitution.

The design of the flag has three horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red with a five-pointed
white star in the middle. The three colours of the stripes are meant to symbolise solidarity, peace
and tranquility, and courage and decisiveness.[3]

Flag of Singapore
The national flag of Singapore was first adopted in 1959, the year Singapore became selfgoverning within the British Empire. It was reconfirmed as the national flag when the Republic
gained independence on 9 August 1965. The design is a horizontal bicolour of red above white,
overlaid in the canton (upper-left quadrant) by a white crescent moon facing a pentagon of five
small white five-pointed stars. The elements of the flag denote a young nation on the ascendant,
universal brotherhood and equality, and national ideals.
Vessels at sea do not use the national flag as an ensign. Merchant vessels and pleasure craft fly a
civil ensign of red charged in white with a variant of the crescent and stars emblem in the centre.
Non-military government vessels such as coast guard ships fly a state ensign of blue with the
national flag in the canton, charged with an eight-pointed red and white compass rose in the
lower fly. Naval warships fly a naval ensign similar to the state ensign, but in white with a red
compass rose emblem.
Rules defined by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Act govern the use and
display of the national flag. These have been relaxed to allow citizens to fly the flag from
vehicles during national holidays and from homes at any time of the year.

Flag of Vietnam

The flag of Vietnam, or "red flag with a gold star" (c sao vng), was designed in 1940 and
used during an uprising against French rule in southern Vietnam that year [verification needed]. The
background was inspired by the red flag, used by the international communist movement since
the Paris Commune of 1871. Red symbolizes revolution and blood. The star represents five main
classes in Vietnamese society including intellectuals, farmers, workers, businessman and
The flag was used by the Viet Minh, a communist-led organization created in 1941 to oppose
Japanese occupation. At the end of World War II, Viet Minh leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed
Vietnam independent and signed a decree on September 5, 1945 adopting the flag as the flag of
the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.[2] The DRV became the government of North Vietnam in
1954 following the Geneva Accords. The flag was modified on November 30, 1955 to make the
edges of the star sharper.[3] Until the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, South Vietnam used a
yellow flag with three red stripes. The red flag of North Vietnam was adopted as the flag of the
new unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976.[4

Flag of Thailand
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The flag of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: , Thong Trairong, meaning "tricolour
flag) shows five horizontal stripes in the colours red, white, blue, white and red, with the central
blue stripe being twice as wide as each of the other four. The design was adopted on 28
September 1917, according to the royal decree issued by Rama VI that year.
The colours are said to stand for nation-religion-king, an unofficial motto of Thailand, [1] red for
the land and people, white for Theravada Buddhism and blue for the monarchy, the last having
been the auspicious colour of Rama VI. As the king had declared war on Germany that July,
some note the flag now bore the same colours as those of Britain, France, and the United States .