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CDB1012:Health Safety & Environment

ASSIGNMENT 1
Submitted by:
NAME
MUHAMMAD IQBAL SHAFIQ BIN MUHD SHAUFI
MUHAMMAD NUR AFIF BIN SAMSUN BAHARUN
MUHAMMAD NUR NAZMI BIN ABD RASHID
MUHAMMAD NAJIB BIN NORDIN
MUHAMMAD IZHAM BIN SHAHBUDIN
MUHAMMAD SYAAMIL BIN SAMSUAMRI
MUHAMMAD SYAAMIL BIN SAAD
MUHAMMAD SYAHMI IRFAN BIN NASRI
MUHAMMAD SHAHMI BIN AHMAD
MUHAMMAD SYAHMI BIN ROSLAN

ID
21413
21073
21024
21397
21335
21336
21274
20701
21418
20997


CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Submitted on 10th July 2015

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Health, Safety and Environment department also called HSE department are entities commonly found within companies that
consider environmental protection, occupational health and safety at work as important as providing quality products. HSE is also a
platform of awareness about safety and environment around us. HSE can determine how good and bad the environment especially at
our workplace. As a student, HSE is a very important subject before anyone else going for internship or working. Without introduce
HSE subject among the student, they will not perform well in their workplace and that will contribute to bad environment, health and
safety.
Therefore, a survey has been made to be distributed to the organization to get analysis about their environment. To specify, a
survey entitled UTP workplace environment has been made to get the analysis of UTP workplace environment. This survey is for
UTP students and staffs about the environment around them. Environment is definitely important as it affect them on how they feel
about their workplace. Their workplaces will effects their performance and outcomes throughout the days.

2.0 ORGANISATIONAL CHART


LECTURER:
DR ASNA BINTI MD
ZAIN

GROUP LEADER:
MUHAMMAD IQBAL
SHAFIQ BIN M UHD SHAUFI
21413

MUHAMMAD NUR
A'FIF BIN SAMSUN
BAHARUN

MUHAMMAD NUR
NAZMI BIN ABD
RASHID

21073

21024

MUHAMMAD IZHAM
BIN SHAHBUDIN

MUHAMMAD SYAHMI
IRFAN BIN NASRI

21335

20701

MUHAMMAD NAJIB
BIN NORDIN
21397

MUHAMMAD
SYAAMIL BIN
SAMSUAMRI
21336

MUHAMMAD SHAHMI
BIN AHMAD

MUHAMMAD
SYAAMIL BIN SAAD

MUHAMMAD SYAHMI
BIN ROSLAN

21418

21274

20997

3.0 LITERATURE REVIEW


3.1 Meaning of Stress
According to Tamara (unknown), it is generally agreed that stress is not what happens to someone. Instead it is how a person reacts to
stressor. It is said that stress affects each person differently and it could be positive good things such as graduating, getting married
or going for vacation or could also be negative bad things like worrying for bills, break a leg or dealing with traffic jam. These
stressors can be out of the blue, for once or frequently, leading to a chronic problem. Stress is said to be a result of either physical or
psychological factors. She explained that we often get stressed by expecting or imagining bad things that do not or might never occur.
The reaction of our body towards stress is so complex and it affects the operation of many systems.
Stress responses could vary depending on the situation. Some of them are heart or cardiovascular disease, diabetes, shut down
of the digestive system, surprisingly cancer, memory and also aging.
The stress response is the most obvious in the heart or the cardiovascular system since it is causes the whole body system to
work harder. Too much stress would wear out the heart and blood vessels. Once the cardiovascular system is damaged, it becomes so
sensitive to stressor, either physical or psychological. Stress can cause the sympathetic nervous system to sent two symmetrical signals
to the heart causing it to misfire. Sudden joy or grief has the same effect on the cardiovascular system.
The digestive systems hastily shuts down during stress. One of the early sign is a lack of saliva and dry mouth. Chronic stress
would result in disease of the digestive system. This effect would then resulted in the stress of appetite. Due to stress response, it
would increase our appetite for the short term.
Short term stressors could enhance thinking. The hormones released during stress would travel to the part of the brain
responsible to retrieve memories. With increased amount of hormones released, memories are retrieved more quickly.

As people and other organisms age, their hormones level rise in the normal resting state when there is no stressor present.
When there is stressor, the level of hormones rise higher than they usually do but the body is less responsive to it. After the stressor is
gone, the level of these hormones do not return hastily. Therefore, it takes older people and organism longer to recover from stress.

3.2 Stress Management


Dimitrie (2010) divided stress management to two level which is organizational and individual level. The top priority of course would
be the organizational level who should keep stress under control for the workers. However, successful action will be limitless unless
individuals mobilize in the direction by taking several personal measures.
Understanding the organizational policies could possibly relief the workers, making them relaxed and reduce the occupational
stress. Sudden change without prior notice by the workers can lead to extremely stressful situations. Therefore, one should have a clear
understanding to the reasons of such decisions made by the organization.
Organizing personal space is another crucial thing in the struggle to fight occupational stress. Workspace is meant to be
enjoyable and allow efficient use of time. Many visual stimuli of the surrounding can cause stress, so all unnecessary things should be
discarded and offices should be decorated with plants, photographs or paintings.
A calm and friendly climate would benefits for the prevention of stress. It is helpful for those who feel stress to share their
feelings and exchange opinions with each others. Even if they could not help with it, some advice or words of encouragement would
be helpful. However, adequate communication is also absolutely necessary to avoid misunderstanding by the person who receive them.
If one observed a college showing the signs of stress, they should involve in trying to combat the occupational stress. It is
crucial for the signs of stress to be identified quickly as they appear. Stress awareness is the primary condition for eliminating it. Once

the signs are understood, the hard part begins tolerating with the particular person to take some measure to solve the problem. This
should be done reasonably without making the person feels even worst and usually talking to someone who have close relationship
with him/her would be the best. People who are stress should be dealt with patience and given a chance to recover.
Anti-stress leisure time activities are absolutely mandatory. The work/family conflict is the major source of stress, so giving
some time to spent with family is an important task in preventing stress. Relaxation by means of outdoor activities should not be
neglected. A technique of preventing stress is by saying No. Usually people becomes stress because of their inability to refuse doing
something because that would embarrassed themselves to tell others they cannot fulfill certain task given. These scenario leads to
works overload and stress with all the negative effects.

4.0 RESULTS
Survey questions
QUESTION 1
Occupation
Student
Academician
Housewife
Others

Quantity
72
5
4
19

Percentage (%)
72
5
4
19

Occupa.on and Profession

19%

Student

4%
5%

Academician
Housewife

72%

Others

QUESTION 2
Employment Status
Employed
Unemployed
Self-employed

Quantity
29
67
4

Percentage (%)
29
67
4

Employment Status

4%
29%

Employed
Unemployed
Self-employed

67%

QUESTION 3
Gender
Male
Female

Quantity
59
41

Percentage (%)
59
41

Gender

41%

Male

59%

Female

QUESTION 4
Age Group
<20
21-30
31-40
41-50
51-60
61-70
70>

Quantity
36
10
8
17
1
0
0

Percentage (%)
36
10
8
17
1
0
0

Age Group

<20

0%
1%

21-30

24%

31-40

50%
11%

41-50
51-60

14%

61-70
70>

QUESTION 5
Stress Source
Workplace
Home
Family
Friend
Other

Quantity
49
6
8
13
24

Percentage (%)
49
6
8
13
24

Stress Source

Workplace

24%

Home

49%
13%

Family
Friend

8%

6%

Other

QUESTION 6
Stress Effect
Mild
Moderate
Heavy

Quantity
47
53
0

Percentage (%)
47
53
0

Stress Eect

0%
Mild

53%

47%

Moderate
Heavy

QUESTION 7
Regular medicine required

15

15%

Current Health Condi.on


No prescribed medicine

Regular medicine required


2%
15%

83%

Use TradiZonal medicine

QUESTION 8
Affected Health Condition
High Blodd Prressure
Kidney Failure
Low Blood Pressure
Arthritis
Headache
Gastric
None

Quantity
4
3
2
2
2
1
85

Percentage
4%
3%
2%
2%
2%
1%
85%

Aected Health Condi.on


High Blood Pressure Kidney Failure

Low Blood Pressure

Headache

None

Gastric

4% 3% 2% 2%
2%
1%

86%

ArthriZs

QUESTION 9
Exercise Pracise
Regular
Rarely
Never

Quantity
33
55
12

Percentage
33%
55%
12%

Exercise Prac.se
Regular

Rarely

Never

12%
33%

55%

QUESTION 10
Main Food Consumption
Rice
Bread
Milk
Fruits
Vegetables
Non-vegetables
Mix Cereal

Quantity
84
5
5
3
1
1
1

Percentage
84%
5%
5%
3%
1%
1%
1%

Main Food Consump.ons


Rice

Bread

Milk

Fruits

Vegetables

3% 1% 1%
1%
5%
5%

84%

Non-vegetables

Mix cereals

QUESTION 11
Body Mass Index
Overweight
Normal
Underweight

Quantity
21
64
15

Percentage
21%
64%
15%

BMI
Overweight

Normal

Underweight

9%

29%
62%

QUESTION 12
Alternative Treatment Received
Reflexology
Therapy
Bekam
Acupunture
Talking
None

Quantty
12
7
2
1
1
77

Percentage
12%
7%
2%
1%
1%
77%

Alterna.ve Treatment Received


Reexology

Therapy

Acupunture

Bekam

Talking

12%
7%

77%

1%
2% 1%

None

QUESTION 13
Quality of Water Consumption
Filtered Water
Boiled Water
Tap Water

Quantity
71
28
1

Percentage
71%
28%
1%

Quality of Water Consump.on


Filtered Water

Boiled Water
1%

28%

71%

Tap Water

QUESTION 14
Do You Smoke
Yes
No

Quantity
9
91

Percentage
9%
91%

Do You Smoke
Yes

No

9%

91%

QUESTION 15
15. Have you learned or attended HSE course or
awareness programs?
Yes
No

32%
68%

Question 15
YES

NO

32%

68%

QUESTION 16
16. Other source of health awareness you use?
Media
Internet
Magazines
Seminars
Papers
Conference

26%
52%
13%
4%
3%
2%

Question 16
MEDIA

INTERNET

MAGAZINES
4%

3%

SEMINARS

PAPERS

CONFERENCES

2%

26%

13%

52%

QUESTION 17
17. Are you allergic to particular kind of food?
Yes
No

34%
66%

Question 17
YES

NO

34%

66%

QUESTION 18
18. Fast food consumption
KFC
McDonalds
None
Other

54%
16%
28%
2%

Question 18
KFC

MCDONALDS

NONE

OTHER

2%

28%

54%
16%

QUESTION 19
19. Exposure to high temperature ,toxic or
poisonous chemicals??
Least
Medium
More
None

28%
28%
5%
39%

Question 19
LEAST

MEDIUM

MORE

NONE

28%
39%

28%
5%

QUESTION 20
20. In your workplace, what is the most
hazardous?
Gases
Chemicals
Mechanical parts
People misuse of things
Other

8%
29%
9%
43%
11%

Question 20
GASES

CHEMICALS

MECHANICAL PARTS

11%

PEOPLE MISUSE OF THINGS

OTHER

8%

29%
43%
9%

QUESTION 21
21. Travel distance from home to workplace and
other destinations?
Frequent long travel distance
Moderate travelling distance
Short travelling distance

19%
37%
44%

Question 21
FREQUENT

MODERATE

SHORT

19%
44%

37%

5.0 DISCUSSION
Based on our online survey, majority of them are students that filled in the survey with 72% followed by academician and
housewife with 5% and 4% respectively. Then, the rest 19% either unemployed or do other works. Next, there are 67 people that are
unemployed or students and only 4 people that are self-employed. Besides, pie chart for Question 3 and 4 describe that more than a
half of the people are male with probability that most of them are below than 20 years old .
This survey is basically about stress level of the people that filled in the survey. Based on observation workplace is the main
stress source that caused mild stress effect to 49% of them. Fortunately 100% of them are in a good health because they do not need to
take any prescribed medicine during stress. But, there are 16 % that are taking regular medicine and traditional medicine. Furthermore,
majority of the respondent which are 86% of the people do not have any health problems. 4% got high blood pressure, 3% have failure
kidney and another 7% not stated.
Moreover, in terms of sports, 55% of them are rarely involve in sports or any exercise activities. Then, their main food
consumption are carbohydrate and less take vitamin. Unfortunately 15% of them are underweight in BMI and 21% are overweight.
The rest of them got normal BMI which is good. 77% of them are not receive any of alternative treatment to reduce their stress level
and BMI and there are some that are sensitive to their health and take treatments such as therapy, reflexology and acupuncture. Even
though most of them has mild effect but their way to handle their own stress is not suitable and not good for their health. They do not
care and their action is actually can lead the stress to become more critical.
They consumed a good quality of water which 71% of that are filtered water and 28% are boiled water which are good for their
body. Regrettably, there are more than 5% that smoked. Beside, in terms of knowledge, 68% of them never have learned about Health
Safety and Environment (HSE). Moreover, more than half have learned about health awareness from internet 52% and there are also
learnt through newspapers and conferences which are 3% and 4% respectively.

Based on the survey, 54% of the consumed fast food is KFC which is the highest followed by McDonald and others, 39% of
them are not expose to high temperature, toxic or poisonous chemicals followed by leased and medium, 28%, and more, 5%. Maybe
because most of the respondent is student which is not expose to this dangerous environment.
Other than that, 43% of our respondent is exposed to the hazard caused by peoples misuse of things.29% is due to chemicals
followed by others, 11%, mechanical parts,9% and gases,8%. As majority of our respondent is students, there are various distance they
need to travel. The highest is 44% which is short traveling distance. Then, moderate distance, 37% and frequent long distance, 19%.

6.0 METHODOLOGY

Distribution Of Survey Form

The survey form was distributed by using the internet to make the collection of data for the research easier. The research is an Online
Health Survey based. A total of 100 University Technology PETRONAS students and academician has completed the survey form that
we have distributed. The survey been distribute started on 25 June 2015. The survey contained occupation or profession of respondent,
employment status, gender, age group, stress source, stress effect, current health condition, affected health condition, exercise practice,
main food consumption, body mass index (BMI), alternative treatment received, quality of water consumption, smoking habit, whether
they have learned about HSE, other source of health awareness that have been used, allergic, fast food consumption, exposure to high
temperature, toxic or poisonous chemicals, the most hazardous thing in workplace, and travel distance from home to workplace and
other destinations. Data collected was tabulated and recorded in the result.

7.0 FINDINGS
Health Risk = Ax + By + Cz
PARAMETER FOR CAUSES
Source of Stress (Ax)
Answer :
Workplace (49)
Home (6)
Family (8)
Friend (13)
Other (24)

Severity
4
3
2
1
0

Health Risk = [(494)+(63)+(82)+(131)+(240)]A


= 243A
Current Health Condition
(By)
Answer :
No prescribed medicine (83)
Use traditional medicine (15)
Regular medicine is required (2)
Health Risk =[(831)+(152)+(23)]B
= 119B

Severity
1
2
3

Smoking (Cz)
Answer :
Yes (9)
No (91)

Severity
2
0

Health Risk = [(92)+(910))]C


= 18C
Health Risk = 243A + 119B + 18C
PARAMETER FOR EFFECTS
Health Condition (Ax)
Answer :
Heart disease (0)
Kidney failure (3)
Diabetic (0)
High blood pressure (4)
Other (7)
None (86)
Health Risk =[(06)+(35)+(04)+(43)+(72)+(860)]A
= 41A

Severity
6
5
4
3
2
0

Exercise Practice (By)


Answer :
Regularly (33)
Rarely (55)
Never (12)

Severity
1
2
3

Health Risk = [(331)+(552)+(123)]B


= 179B
Exposure to High Temperature, Toxic, and Poisonous Chemicals (Cz)
Answer :
More (5)
Medium (28)
Least (28)
None (39)
Health Risk=[(53)+(282)+(281)+(390)]C
= 99C
Health Risk = 41A + 179B +99C

Severity
3
2
1
0

8.0 SURVEY DATA


Background of respondents

Timestamp

Occupation or profession Employment Status

Gender

Age group

6/25/2015 15:49:24
6/25/2015 15:50:28

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Male

<20
21-30

6/25/2015 15:52:28

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 15:52:55
6/25/2015 15:53:05

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/25/2015 15:53:23

Student

Unemployed

Male

21-30

6/25/2015 15:53:25
6/25/2015 15:53:48

Student
Student

Employed
Unemployed

Male
Male

31-40
<20

6/25/2015 16:02:22

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 16:14:16

clerk

Employed

Female

41-50

6/25/2015 16:15:13
6/25/2015 16:32:10

Student
Housewife

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Female

<20
51-60

6/25/2015 17:25:55

Academician

Employed

Female

41-50

6/25/2015 18:21:39
6/25/2015 18:21:47

technician
technician

Employed
Employed

Female
Female

41-50
41-50

6/25/2015 18:22:07

technician

Employed

Female

41-50

6/25/2015 18:41:29

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 18:54:49
6/25/2015 18:56:19

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Male

21-30
<20

6/25/2015 18:57:46

Student

Unemployed

Female

21-30

6/25/2015 19:00:44
6/25/2015 19:01:21

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/25/2015 19:06:00

Student

Unemployed

Female

21-30

6/25/2015 19:10:03

Academician

Employed

Female

41-50

6/25/2015 19:10:19

Academician

Employed

Female

41-50

6/25/2015 19:10:39
6/25/2015 19:10:53

Academician
Student

Employed
Unemployed

Female
Female

41-50
<20

6/25/2015 20:23:01

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 22:21:25

Academician

Employed

Female

31-40

6/25/2015 22:24:59
6/25/2015 22:26:52

Student
Student

Employed
Unemployed

Male
Female

<20
<20

6/25/2015 22:26:58

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 22:27:08
6/25/2015 22:29:26

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Male

<20
<20

6/25/2015 22:38:10

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 22:38:26

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 22:42:01
6/25/2015 22:47:21

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Male

<20
<20

6/25/2015 22:51:29

Freelance

Self-employed

Male

41-50

6/25/2015 22:52:07
6/25/2015 22:57:36

private sector
Technical

Employed
Employed

Female
Male

31-40
41-50

6/25/2015 22:59:47

executive

Employed

Male

41-50

6/25/2015 23:05:11
6/25/2015 23:05:40

hr executive
telecomuniacation

Employed
Employed

Female
Male

21-30
41-50

6/25/2015 23:06:12

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 23:11:41

Husband

Unemployed

Male

21-30

6/25/2015 23:13:14
6/25/2015 23:16:31

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Male

21-30
<20

6/25/2015 23:17:27

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 23:17:28
6/25/2015 23:18:23

Student
Admin

Employed
Employed

Male
Female

<20
31-40

6/25/2015 23:22:50

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/25/2015 23:23:44

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 23:23:59
6/25/2015 23:24:11

Student
Student

Unemployed
Employed

Female
Male

<20
<20

6/25/2015 23:28:07

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 23:30:47

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/25/2015 23:33:21
6/25/2015 23:53:02

Student
Student

Employed
Unemployed

Male
Male

<20
<20

6/25/2015 23:53:15

Housewife

Employed

Female

31-40

6/25/2015 23:55:27
6/26/2015 0:28:08

Housewife
Student

Employed
Employed

Female
Male

31-40
<20

6/26/2015 1:11:52

Student

Self-employed

Male

<20

6/26/2015 1:23:38

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/26/2015 1:35:38
6/26/2015 1:41:01

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/26/2015 2:07:34

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/26/2015 4:54:04
6/26/2015 5:37:39

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/26/2015 5:38:04

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/26/2015 5:59:16
6/26/2015 6:00:18

Lab tecnologist
Engineer

Employed
Self-employed

Female
Male

41-50
31-40

6/26/2015 6:00:57

Lab tecnologist

Employed

Female

41-50

6/26/2015 6:41:57

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/26/2015 7:25:52
6/26/2015 7:40:03

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/26/2015 8:02:11

clerk

Employed

Female

21-30

6/26/2015 8:05:19
6/26/2015 10:49:19

sales
Driver

Self-employed
Employed

Male
Male

41-50
31-40

6/26/2015 12:32:36

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/26/2015 12:32:56

6/26/2015 17:09:11
6/26/2015 20:52:41

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

factory worker
Executive

Employed
Employed

Male
Female

41-50
41-50

6/27/2015 2:31:38

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/27/2015 2:32:19

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/27/2015 5:43:41
6/28/2015 1:31:29

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Male
Female

<20
<20

6/28/2015 16:51:55

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/28/2015 16:54:53
6/28/2015 16:55:01

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/28/2015 16:55:11

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

6/28/2015 17:00:46

Student

Unemployed

Female

<20

6/28/2015 17:01:20
6/28/2015 17:07:31

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

6/28/2015 17:29:27

Student

Unemployed

Male

21-30

6/28/2015 17:50:06
7/1/2015 6:35:40

Student
Student

Unemployed
Unemployed

Female
Female

<20
<20

7/9/2015 0:41:11

Student

Unemployed

Male

<20

7/9/2015 0:43:26
7/9/2015 14:39:37

Student
clerk

Unemployed
Self-employed

Female
Female

<20
<20

Response (Part 1)

Stress Source

Stress Effect

Workplace

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

Workplace
Study
study place
study place
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace

University
Home

Family

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

Current Health
Condition
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Use traditional
medicine
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,

Affected health condition


None
None
None
Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure
None
None
Headache
None
High blood pressure

None
High blood pressure

None

Workplace

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

Workplace

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

Workplace

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

college

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

UTP
Workplace
Workplace
Friend
Study
Academics
Home

Home

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

Home

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

Family

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)

Regular
medicine is
required
Regular
medicine is
required
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
Regular
medicine is
required
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,

None

None

None

None
None
None
None
None
None
None
Kidney failure

Kidney failure

Kidney failure

None

Friend
Workplace
Workplace
Family
possibilities of dismiss
Workplace
Home
Workplace

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)

Workplace

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)

Studies

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)

Studies
Home
neighbours
Workplace
Workplace

Workplace

Moderate (Require to rest but without

No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Use traditional
medicine
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed

None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None

None

None
None
None
None
None
High blood pressure

None

Workplace
Friend
Wife
Workplace
Debt
Study
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace

Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace

any medical assistance)

medicine,

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

None
None
High blood pressure
None
Headache
None
None
None
None

None
None
None
None
None
None
None

Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Friend

School
Family
Workplace
Studies
Workplace
university
university
Workplace

Workplace
Workplace

Workplace
study

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without

No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
Regular
medicine is
required
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed

None
None
None
None

None
None
None
None
None
None
None
arthritis

Gastric
arthritis

None
None

Friend
Workplace
Friend
Workplace
Family
Friend
Workplace
Workplace
studies
Workplace
Workplace
Workplace
Family
Friend
Friend
Friend

disturbance)

medicine,

Moderate (Require to rest but without


any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)

No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,

None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None

Friend

Mild (Continuous work without


disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Moderate (Require to rest but without
any medical assistance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)
Mild (Continuous work without
disturbance)

school
Family
Friend
study
Family
Workplace
Friend
Workplace

No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,
No prescribed
medicine,

None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
None

Response (Part 2)

Exercise practice

Main food
consumption

Body Mass
Index

Alternative
treatment
received
None
Bekam Boh

Quality of water Do you smoke?


consumption

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Vegetables

Underweight
Normal

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
Yes

Rarely

Non-vegetables Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

Bekam

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Underweight

Reflexology
None

Tape water
Filtered water

Yes
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Overweight

None
Therapy

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Never
Never

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Boiled water
Boiled water

No
No

Never

Rice

Normal

None

Boiled water

No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

Reflexology

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

Yes
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Normal

Reflexology
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

None

Boiled water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
No

Rarely

Bread

Normal

None

Boiled water

No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Underweight

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

Yes
No

Rarely

Bread

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

Yes
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Boiled water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Boiled water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Bread
Rice

Normal
Overweight

Reflexology
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
Yes

Never

Mixed cereal,

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Never
Never

Rice
Rice

Normal
Overweight

None
None

Boiled water
Boiled water

No
Yes

Rarely

Rice

Underweight

None

Filtered water

No

Never

Fruits'

Normal

Reflexology

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Fruits'

Underweight
Underweight

None
Talking

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Underweight

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Milk
Rice

Normal
Underweight

Acupuncture
Therapy

Filtered water
Filtered water

Yes
No

Never

Milk

Overweight

None

Boiled water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

Therapy

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
Therapy

Boiled water
Boiled water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Regular

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Normal

None
None

Boiled water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

Reflexology

Boiled water

No

Rarely
Regular

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Normal

Reflexology
Reflexology

Boiled water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Bread

Normal

Reflexology

Filtered water

No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Normal

None
None

Boiled water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Never
Regular

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Normal

Therapy
Reflexology

Boiled water
Filtered water

No
No

Never

Rice

Overweight

Therapy

Boiled water

No

Rarely

Rice

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Regular

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

Therapy

Boiled water

No

Rarely
Regular

Rice
Rice

Overweight
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
Yes

Regular

Rice

Overweight

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely

Rice

Normal

Reflexology

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Overweight

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular

Rice

Underweight

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Underweight
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Never

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular
Regular

Milk
Milk

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Filtered water

No
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Overweight

None
None

Boiled water
Filtered water

No
No

Regular

Rice

Normal

None

Filtered water

No

Rarely
Rarely

Rice
Rice

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
No

Rarely

Fruits'

Normal

Reflexology

Boiled water

No

Never
Regular

Milk
Bread

Normal
Normal

None
None

Filtered water
Boiled water

No
No

Response (Part 3)

Have you learned or attended HSE course or
awareness programs?

Are you allergic to


particular kind of
food
No

Fast food consumption

No

Other source of
health awareness
you use
Internet

No

Seminars

Yes

McDonalds

No
Yes

Internet
Internet

No
No

None
KFC

Yes

Internet

No

KFC

Yes
No

Internet
Magazines,

No
Yes

KFC
KFC

No

Internet

No

KFC

Yes

Internet

No

KFC

Yes
No

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes
No

KFC
KFC

No

Internet

No

None

No
Yes

Media (Radio, TV,)


Media (Radio, TV,)

No
No

KFC
KFC

Yes

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

KFC

Yes

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

KFC

Yes
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Internet

Yes
No

KFC
McDonalds

No

Internet

No

KFC

No
Yes

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes
No

McDonalds
McDonalds

No

Internet

Yes

McDonalds

Yes

Internet

Yes

KFC

KFC

No

Magazines,

No

None

No

Magazines,

No

None

No
No

Magazines,
Papers

No
No

None
None

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

McDonalds

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

KFC

No
No

Internet
Internet

No
Yes

KFC
None

No

Magazines,

Yes

all of above

No
No

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

No
No

McDonalds
KFC

No

Internet

No

KFC

No

Internet

No

KFC

No
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Magazines,

Yes
No

McDonalds
KFC

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

None

Yes
Yes

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

No
No

KFC
None

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

KFC

No
No

Internet
Internet

No
No

KFC
KFC

Yes

Internet

No

None

Yes

Magazines,

Yes

KFC

Yes
No

Internet
Internet

No
No

None
Currypuff Frozen

Yes

Internet

Yes

None

Yes
No

conferences
Internet

No
Yes

McDonalds
McDonalds

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

No

KFC

No

Internet

Yes

KFC

Yes
No

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

No
Yes

KFC
KFC

No

Internet

No

KFC

No

Internet

No

None

No
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Media (Radio, TV,)

No
No

KFC
None

Yes

Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes

KFC

Yes
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Internet

Yes
No

KFC
McDonalds

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes

KFC

No

Magazines,

No

None

No
No

Internet
Magazines,

No
No

None
KFC

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes

KFC

No
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Magazines,

No
No

KFC
KFC

No

Magazines,

No

KFC

No
No

Internet
Internet

No
Yes

McDonalds
McDonalds

No

Internet

No

McDonalds

Yes

Internet

No

KFC

No
No

Magazines,
Magazines,

Yes
No

KFC
KFC

No

Internet

No

McDonalds

No
No

Internet
Media (Radio, TV,)

No
Yes

None
None

No

Media (Radio, TV,)

Yes

KFC

No

Internet

Yes

KFC

Yes
No

Internet
Internet

No
No

None
McDonalds

Yes

Papers

No

None

Yes

Seminars

Yes

KFC

Yes
Yes

Seminars
Internet

Yes
Yes

KFC
None

Yes

Internet

Yes

KFC

No
No

Internet
Internet

No
No

None
None

Yes

Internet

No

KFC

Yes

Internet

Yes

KFC

No
No

Internet
Internet

Yes
Yes

KFC
None

Yes

Internet

Yes

KFC

Yes
No

Media (Radio, TV,)


Internet

No
No

None
KFC

No

conferences

Yes

None

No
No

Papers
Seminars

No
Yes

None
None

Response (Part 4)

Exposure to high temperature, toxic or
poisonous chemicals
None

Travel distance from home to workplace and


other destinations
Short travelling distance

More

In your workplace, what


is the most hazardous?
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Least

Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Medium
Medium

Chemicals
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance

None

Mechanical parts

Moderate travelling distance

More

Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Least

People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance

Short travelling distance

Medium

People's misuse of
things
Mechanical parts

Medium

Mechanical parts

Short travelling distance

Medium
More

Mechanical parts
Chemicals

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance

None

None

Short travelling distance

None

People's misuse of
things

Short travelling distance

Least
Least
None
More
None

Frequent long travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance
Short travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance

Short travelling distance

Least

Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Least

People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance

None

Chemicals
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Least

Chemicals

Frequent long travelling distance

None

People's misuse of
things
Mechanical parts
People's misuse of
things
extra use of brain
capacity
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Short travelling distance

People's misuse of
things

Short travelling distance

Medium
None
Medium
Medium
Medium

None
Medium
None
Least
None
None
None
None
None
None

Short travelling distance

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance
Short travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance
Frequent long travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Frequent long travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance

None

carbon from pc and


photocopy machine
Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance

Medium

People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Medium
More

Gases
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance


Frequent long travelling distance

Medium

Chemicals

Frequent long travelling distance

None

Mechanical parts

Short travelling distance

None
Least

People's Fart
Mechanical parts

Short travelling distance


Frequent long travelling distance

Least

Gases

Frequent long travelling distance

Medium
Medium

Chemicals
People's misuse of
things
Mechanical parts

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance

People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance

Least

Gases
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Least

Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Least

People's misuse of
things

Short travelling distance

Medium
Medium

Least
None
Medium
None
None
Medium
None

Moderate travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance


Short travelling distance
Short travelling distance

Short travelling distance

None

Gases

Frequent long travelling distance

None

Chemicals

Short travelling distance

Least

Moderate travelling distance

None

People's misuse of
things
Gases
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

None

Chemicals

Frequent long travelling distance

Medium
Least

patient specimen
Gases

Short travelling distance


Short travelling distance

Medium

patient specimen

Short travelling distance

None

Mechanical parts

Short travelling distance

Medium

People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Drive all time.
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance

None

People's misuse of
things
heavy traffic-forklift,
lorry
none

Least

Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance

Medium
None
Least

Least
Medium
Medium
None
Medium
Medium
Least

Moderate travelling distance


Short travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Frequent long travelling distance

Frequent long travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance
Short travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Frequent long travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance

Least

Gases

Frequent long travelling distance

Least

Gases

Frequent long travelling distance

Least
Least

Rocks
Minerals

Frequent long travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance

None

People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals

Frequent long travelling distance

People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
People's misuse of
things
Chemicals
Chemicals

Moderate travelling distance

None
Least
Least
None
Medium
None
Least
None
None
Least
None

Frequent long travelling distance


Short travelling distance

Moderate travelling distance


Moderate travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Moderate travelling distance
Short travelling distance
Frequent long travelling distance
Short travelling distance
Short travelling distance

CONCLUSION
Work environment is definitely something that influences on how employees feel about their work. As learned and observed, a
positive workplace environment makes employees feel good about their work and provide motivation to sustain their performances and
outcomes throughout the days. It happens due to their best relationship with co-workers and managers, organizational culture, room for
personal equipment, ergonomic furniture and a workplace which provide best health and safety condition. A bad workplace
environment resulted in job turnover, low in performances, absenteeism and many more. This is because people would feel that they
are not kind of motivated of they worked. They feel under-appreciated by the organisation of what they do and therefore caused in low
performance.
Specifically, in UTP it does not take the side of employees only but it does take students into account as well. Research by
readings and surveyed have been done to study on how the workplace or studying place effect the lecturers, staffs and students. Many
respondents believed that non-ergonomic furniture affects the most of healthy environment in UTP and next is poor lighting system.
These reasons are might be because people of UTP are consisting of technical people who are management staffs, lecturers and
students. These kinds of people are handling with various type of furniture and their performance affected by the lighting system as
poor lighting system would affect their sight. Most of people had headaches after work or study due to air temperature is too cold and
being medium in exposing to chemicals things (applicable to engineers). Most of the respondents are willing to change their lifestyle
into healthy one. This could be because most of respondents were exposed to healthy and safety environments knowledge.

To sum up, UTP does provide the health and safety environment to its students, staffs and lecturers. But they should improve
the level of health and safety environment to generate better outcomes. Everyone should be responsible for accidents that happened
because everyone is responsible for health and safety environment.