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An American National Standard

Designation: D2239 03

Standard Specification for

Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SIDR-PR) Based on


Controlled Inside Diameter1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D2239; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon () indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

Gradient Technique 3
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe
Under Constant Internal Pressure 3
D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic
Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings 2
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to
Plastics 2
D1603 Test Method for Carbon Black Content in Olefin
Plastics 3
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings 3
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis
for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis
for Thermoplastic Pipe Products 4
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and
Fittings Materials 3
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
2.2 NSF Standards:
Standard No. 14 for Plastic Piping Components and Related
Materials5
Standard No. 61 for Drinking Water Systems
ComponentsHealth Effects5

1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers polyethylene (PE) pipe made
in standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratios and pressure
rated for water (see appendix). Included are criteria for
classifying PE plastic pipe materials and PE plastic pipe, a
system of nomenclature for PE plastic pipe, and requirements
and test methods for materials, workmanship, dimensions,
sustained pressure, burst pressure, and environmental stress
cracking. Methods of marking are also given.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the
standard. The values given in parentheses are for information
only.
1.3 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes,
and appendixes which provide explanatory material. These
notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall
not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the
test methods portion, Section 7, of this specification: This
standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,
if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user
of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health
practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

3. Terminology
3.1 DefinitionsDefinitions are in accordance with Terminology F412, and abbreviations are in accordance with Terminology D1600, unless otherwise specified. The abbreviation for
polyethylene plastic is PE.
3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
3.2.1 hydrostatic design stressthe estimated maximum
tensile stress the material is capable of withstanding continuously with a high degree of certainty that failure of the pipe
will not occur. This stress is circumferential when internal
hydrostatic water pressure is applied.
3.2.2 pressure rating (PR)the estimated maximum water
pressure the pipe is capable of withstanding continuously with
a high degree of certainty that failure of the pipe will not occur.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards: 2
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing 2
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement 2
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics
by Extrusion Plastometer 2
D1248 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Extrusion
Materials for Wire and Cable 2
D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F17 on Plastic
Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.26 on Olefin
Based Pipe.
Current edition approved Aug. 10, 2003. Published September 2003. Originally
approved in 1964. Last previous edition approved in 2001 as D2239 01. DOI:
10.1520/D2239-03.
2
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.01.

Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.04.


Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.02.
5
Available from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor,
MI 48106.
4

Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

D2239 03
TABLE 1 176F (80C) Sustained Pressure Requirements for Water PipeA,B
Pipe Test CategoryC
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7

Base Resin Melt Index, D1238


(g/10 min)
<0.05
<0.05
0.050.25
0.050.25
>0.25
>0.25
>0.50

Base Resin Density,D D1505


(g/cm3)
0.9410.948
0.9350.940
0.9410.948
0.9350.940
0.9410.948
0.9350.940
0.9260.940

Minimum Average Hours to Failure


S = 725 psi (5 MPa)

S = 580 psi (4 MPa)

S = 435 psi (3 MPa)

100
100
60
60
45
45
...

200
200
150
150
100
100
80

...
...
...
...
...
...
150

For inside diameter controlled pipe, calculate internal pressure in accordance with the following formula:
2S
P5
Di
11
t
B
For outside diameter controlled pipe, calculate internal pressure in accordance with the following formula:
2S
P5
Do
21
t
where:
P
=
S
=
=
Di
Do =
t
=
C
D

pressure, psig (MPa),


hoop stress, psi (MPa),
average inside diameter, in. (mm),
average outside diameter, in. (mm), and
minimum wall thickness, in. (mm).

Supplier to determine pipe test category appropriate for his product.


Pipe categories for water pipe with resin density below 0.926 g/cm3 or above 0.948 g/cm3 will be added to this table when the data are available.

material code shall consist of two letters and four figures for PE
plastic pipe materials (see Section 5).

3.2.3 relation between standard dimension ratio, hydrostatic design stress, and pressure ratingthe following expression, commonly known as the ISO equation,6 is used in this
specification to relate standard dimension ratio, hydrostatic
design stress, and pressure rating:
2S/P 5 R 1 1 or 2S/P 5 ~Di /t! 1 1

4. Pipe Classification
4.1 GeneralThis specification covers PE pipe made from
four PE plastic pipe materials in six standard dimension ratios
and six water pressure ratings.
4.2 Standard Thermoplastic Pipe Dimension Ratios
(SIDR)This specification covers PE pipe in six standard
dimension ratios, namely, 5.3, 7, 9, 11.5, 15, and 19. These are
referred to as SIDR 5.3, SIDR 7, SIDR 9, SIDR 11.5, SIDR 15,
and SIDR 19, respectively. The pressure rating is uniform for
all nominal pipe sizes for a given PE pipe material and SIDR
(see Table X1.1, appendix).

(1)

where:
S = hydrostatic design stress, MPa (or psi),
P = pressure rating, MPa (or psi),
Di = average inside diameter, mm (or in.),
t = minimum wall thickness, mm (or in.), and
R = standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio (Di/t for
PE pipe), also known as SIDR.

5. Materials
5.1 GeneralPolyethylene plastics used to make pipe
meeting the requirements of this specification are categorized
by means of two criteria, namely, (1) short-term strength tests,
and (2) long-term strength tests.
5.2 Basic MaterialsThis specification covers PE pipe
made from four PE plastics as defined in Specification D1248,
in which the requirements are based on short-term tests. These
are Grade P 14, Grade P 23, Grade P 24, Grade P 33, and
Grade P 34. The PE plastics can also be described in accordance with the appropriate cell classification as defined in
Specification D3350. The 80C sustained pressure performance requirements of 6.8.3 (pipe test category in Table 1) are
not currently in PE material Specifications D1248 or D3350.
To identify the correct pipe test category (C1 to C7), the PE
material base resin density and melt index must be obtained
from the PE material supplier.

3.2.4 standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio (SIDR)


the ratio of pipe diameter to wall thickness. For PE pipe it is
calculated by dividing the average inside diameter of the pipe
in millimetres or in inches by the minimum wall thickness in
millimetres or in inches. If the wall thickness calculated by this
formula is less than 1.52 mm (0.060 in.), it shall be arbitrarily
increased to 1.52 mm. The SIDR values shall be rounded to the
nearest 0.1.
3.2.5 standard thermoplastic pipe materials designation
codethe pipe materials designation code shall consist of the
abbreviation PE for the type of plastic, followed by the ASTM
grade in Arabic numerals and the hydrostatic design stress in
units of 100 psi with any decimal figures dropped. Where the
hydrostatic design stress code contains less than two figures, a
cipher shall be used before the number. Thus a complete

6
ISO R 1611960, Pipes of Plastics Materials for the Transport of Fluids
(Outside Diameters and Nominal Pressures) Part 1, Metric Series.

NOTE 1Committee F-17 has requested that Committee D-20 add the

D2239 03
TABLE 2 Inside Diameters and Tolerances for SIDR-PR PE
Plastic Pipe, in.

80C sustained pressure performance requirements to Specifications


D1248 and D3350.

Nominal Pipe
Size

5.3 Hydrostatic DesignStressesThis specification covers


PE pipe made from PE plastics as defined by four hydrostatic
design stresses developed on the basis of long-term tests
(Appendix X1).
5.4 CompoundThe PE plastic extrusion compound shall
meet the requirements of either Grade P 14, Class B or C;
Grade P 23, Class B or C; Grade P 24, Class B or C; Grade
P 33, Class B or C; or Grade P 34, Class B or C material as
described in Specification D1248. The PE plastics can also be
described in accordance with the appropriate cell classification
as defined in Specification D3350.
5.4.1 Class B compounds shall have sufficient UV stabilizer
to protect pipe from deleterious effects due to continuous
outdoor exposure during storage and shipping. Pipe produced
from Class B compounds are not suitable for exposed outdoor
application. Class B and C compounds shall have sufficient
antioxidants to meet the requirements in Specification D3350.
5.4.2 Class C compounds use carbon black for UV stabilization. There is evidence that indicates the type, particle size,
and dispersion quality of the carbon black affect the weatherability of the pipe.
5.4.3 Pipe users should consult with the pipe manufacturer
about the outdoor exposure life of the product under consideration.
5.5 Rework MaterialThe manufacturers shall use only
their own clean rework pipe material and the pipe produced
shall meet all the requirements of this specification.

Average Inside
Diameter

12

0.622

34

0.824

1.049

1 1 4

1.380

1 1 2

1.610

2.067

2 1 2

2.469

3.068

4.026

6.065

Tolerances
+0.010
0.010
+0.010
0.015
+0.010
0.020
+0.010
0.020
+0.015
0.020
+0.015
0.020
+0.015
0.025
+0.015
0.030
+0.015
0.035
+0.020
0.035

in accordance with 7.4. For pipe produced by simultaneous


multiple extrusion, this requirement shall apply to the outer
layer.
NOTE 2The amount of pigment in Class B polyethylene is not
established by this specification other than the compound shall meet all
other requirements and the tubing shall meet all long- and short-term
requirements of this specification.

6.5 DensityThe polyethylene base resin (uncolored PE) in


the pipe compound shall have a density in the range from 0.910
to 0.925 g/cm3 for pipe made from Grade P 14 of Specification
D1248, 0.926 to 0.940 g/cm3 for pipe made from Grade P 23
and Grade P 24 of Specification D1248, 0.941 to 0.965 g/cm3
for pipe made from Grade P 33 of Specification D1248, and
0.941 to 0.965 g/cm 3 for pipe made from Grade P 34 of
Specification D1248 when determined in accordance with 7.5.
6.6 Burst PressureThe minimum burst pressure for PE
plastic pipe shall be as given in Table 4, when determined in
accordance with 7.10.
6.7 Environmental Stress Cracking There shall be no loss
of pressure in the pipe when tested in accordance with 7.8.
6.8 Sustained PressurePipe made from PE materials designated PE2406, PE3406 or PE3408 shall meet the requirements of 6.8.1. Pipe made from other PE materials shall meet
the requirements of 6.8.2 and 6.8.3.
6.8.1 The average failure time and the failure time of two of
the three specimens shall meet or exceed the minimum values
shown in Table 5 when tested in accordance with 7.9.1.
6.8.2 Sustained PressureThe pipe shall not fail, balloon,
burst, or weep as defined in Test Method D1598, at the test
pressures given in Table 6 when tested in accordance with 7.7.
6.8.3 Elevated Temperature Sustained PressureThe average failure time must meet or exceed the specified minimum
average failure time in Table 1 for both hoop stresses of a given
pipe test category when tested in accordance with 7.9.

6. Requirements
6.1 WorkmanshipThe pipe shall be homogeneous
throughout and free of visible cracks, holes, foreign inclusions,
or other defects. The pipe shall be as uniform as commercially
practicable in color, opacity, density, and other physical properties.
6.2 Dimensions and Tolerances:
6.2.1 Inside DiametersThe inside diameters and tolerances shall be as shown in Table 2 when measured in
accordance with Test Method D2122.
6.2.2 Wall ThicknessesThe wall thicknesses and tolerances shall be as shown in Table 3 when measured in
accordance with Test Method D2122.
6.2.3 Wall Thickness RangeThe wall thickness range shall
be within 12 % when measured in accordance with Test
Method D2122.
6.2.4 Thickness of Outer LayerFor pipe produced by
simultaneous multiple extrusion, that is, pipe containing two or
more concentric layers, the outer layer shall be at least
0.50-mm (0.020-in.) thick.
6.3 BondFor pipe produced by simultaneous multiple
extrusion, the bond between the layers shall be strong and
uniform. It shall not be possible to separate any two layers with
a probe or point of a knife blade so that the layers separate
cleanly at any point.
6.4 Carbon BlackClass C polyethylene pipe extrusion
compound shall contain at least 2 % carbon black when tested
3

D2239 03
TABLE 3 Wall Thicknesses and Tolerances for SIDR-PR PE Plastic Pipe, in.
Nominal
Pipe
Size

3 4
1
1 1 4
1 1 2
2
2 1 2
3
4
6
12

Wall ThicknessA
SIDR 19

SIDR 15

SIDR 11.5

SIDR 9

SIDR 7

SIDR 5.3

Minimum

Tolerance

Minimum

Tolerance

Minimum

Tolerance

Minimum

Tolerance

Minimum

Tolerance

Minimum

Tolerance

0.060
0.060
0.060
0.073
0.085
0.109
0.130
0.161
0.212
0.319

+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.025
+0.038

0.060
0.060
0.070
0.092
0.107
0.138
0.165
0.205
0.268
0.404

+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.032
+0.048

0.060
0.072
0.091
0.120
0.140
0.180
0.215
0.267
0.350
0.527

+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.022
+0.025
+0.032
+0.042
+0.063

0.069
0.092
0.117
0.153
0.179
0.230
...B
...
...
...

+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.028
...
...
...
...

0.089
0.118
0.150
0.197
0.230
0.295
...
...
...
...

+0.020
+0.020
+0.020
+0.024
+0.028
+0.035
...
...
...
...

0.117
0.155
0.198
0.260
0.304
0.390
...
...
...
...

+0.020
+0.020
+0.024
+0.031
+0.036
+0.047
...
...
...
...
...

A
The minimum is the lowest wall thickness of the pipe at any cross section. The maximum permitted wall thickness, at any cross section, is the minimum wall thickness
plus the stated tolerance. All tolerances are on the plus side of the minimum requirement.
B
The 212 to 6-in. pipe with a pressure rating of 0.70 MPa (100 psi) is not included.

TABLE 4 Burst Pressure Requirements for Water at 23C (73F)


for SIDR-PR PE Plastic Pipe

TABLE 6 Sustained Pressure Test Conditions for Water for


SIDR-PR PE Plastic Pipe

Minimum Burst Pressure


PE2306
PE2406
PE3306
PE3406
PE3408

SIDR

5.3
7
9
11.5
15
19
A

SIDR
PE2305

PE1404

PE2306
PE2406
PE3306
PE3406
MPa

psi

PE2305

MPa

psi

PE1404

MPa

psi

MPa

psi

MPa

psi

5.52
4.34
3.45
2.76
2.21
1.73

800
630
500
400
320
252

4.34
3.45
2.76
2.21
...
...

630
500
400
320
...
...

2.76
2.21
1.72
...
...
...

400
320
250
...
...
...

5.3
7
9
11.5
15
19
A

2.86
2.28
1.83
1.45
1.14
...

415
330
265
210
165
...

2.28
1.83
1.45
1.14
...
...

330
265
210
165
...
...

1.83
1.45
1.14
...
...
...

MPa

psi

265
210
165
...
...
...

3.51
2.76
2.20
1.76
1.38
1.10

508
400
320
256
200
160

The fiber stresses used to derive these test pressures are:

The fiber stresses used to derive these test pressures are:

PE2306, PE2406, PE3306, PE3406, PE3408


PE2305
PE1404

At 23C (73F)

MPa

psi

17.37
13.79
8.62

2520
2000
1250

PE3408
PE2306, PE2406, PE3306, PE3406
PE2305
PE1404

MPa

psi

11.2
9.10
7.24
5.65

1600
1320
1050
820

7.3.1 Test SpecimensNot less than 50 % of the test specimens required for any pressure test shall have at least a part of
the marking in their central sections. The central section is that
portion of pipe which is at least one pipe diameter away from
an end closure.
7.4 Carbon BlackFor all pipe manufactured with Class C
extrusion compound, or the outer layer of pipe produced by
simultaneous multiple extrusion, determine in duplicate the
carbon black content in accordance with Test Method D1603.
7.5 DensityDetermine the density of the pipe compound
in accordance with Test Method D1505, or Test Methods D792,
using three specimens.
7.6 Base Density:
7.6.1 Class C CompoundsDetermine the percentage of
carbon black by weight in accordance with 7.4. Calculate the
density of the PE base resin (uncolored PE) in the pipe
compound as follows:

TABLE 5 Minimum Average Time to Failure (h) versus Test Hoop


Stress

>0.935

psi

Test Pressures at 23C (73F)A

MPa

Base Resin Density (g/cc)

PE3408

Minimum Average Failure Time (h)


S = 580 psi (4 MPa)
S = 670 psi (4.6 MPa)
1,000
170

7. Test Methods
7.1 ConditioningCondition the test specimens at 23 6
2C (73.4 6 3.6F) prior to test in accordance with Procedure
A of Practice D618, for those tests where conditioning is
required.
7.2 Test ConditionsConduct the tests in the standard
laboratory atmosphere of 23 6 2C (73.4 6 3.6F), unless
otherwise specified in the test methods or in this specification.
7.3 SamplingThe selection of the sample or samples of
pipe shall be as agreed upon by the purchaser and the seller. In
case of no prior agreement, any sample selected by the testing
laboratory shall be deemed adequate.

DR 5 D P 2 0.0044 C

(2)

D2239 03
where:
DR = density of resin, g/cm3,
DP = density of pipe compound, g/cm 3, and
C = percentage by weight of carbon black.
7.6.2 Class B CompoundThe methods for determining
percent pigment in Class B compounds and their effect on
density varies with the type pigment. Consult with pipe
compound manufacturer for procedure to determine base
density for specific compounds.
7.7 Sustained Pressure TestSelect the test specimens at
random. Test individually with water under the pressures given
in Table 6, six specimens of pipe, each specimen at least ten
times the nominal diameter in length, but not less than 250 mm
(10 in.) or more than 1000 mm (3 ft) between end closures and
containing the permanent marking on the pipe. Maintain the
specimens at the pressures indicated for a period of 1000 h.
Hold the pressure as closely as possible, but within6 70 kPa
(610 psi). Condition the specimens for at least 2 h to within
62C of the specified test temperatures. Maintain the test
temperature within 62C of the specified temperature. Test in
accordance with Test Method D1598, except maintain the
pressure at the values given in Table 6 for 1000 h. Failure of
two of the six specimens tested constitutes failure in the test.
Failure of one of six specimens tested is cause for retest of six
additional specimens. Failure of one of six specimens tested in
retest constitutes failure in the test. Failure of the pipe shall be
as defined in Test Method D1598, namely:
7.7.1 FailureAny continuous loss of pressure resulting
from the transmission of the test liquid through the body of the
specimen under test.
7.7.2 BallooningAny abnormal localized expansion of a
pipe specimen while under internal hydraulic pressure.
7.7.3 BurstingFailure by a break in the pipe with immediate loss of test liquid and continued loss at essentially no
pressure.
7.7.4 Seepage or WeepingFailure that occurs through
essentially microscopic breaks in the pipe wall, frequently only
at or near the test pressure.

keep the wetting agent at least 12 mm (12 in.) away from the
clamps used on each end of the pipe. Use fresh reagent for each
test and take care to store the reagent in closed containers
because it is hygroscopic. Keep the coated pipe assembly at
room temperature for 3 h and then examine. There shall be no
loss of pressure in at least four of the six specimens. Discard
specimens that leak at a connection and retest. Loss of pressure
caused by expansion of the pipe shall not be cause for
rejection.
7.9 Elevated Temperature TestDetermine pipe test category in Table 1 for a given piping material. Base resin melt
index is determined in accordance with Test Method D1238
and base resin density is determined in accordance with Test
Method D1505. Prepare at least three test specimens as in 7.7.
Test at 176F (80C) and the hoop stress (S) specified in Table
1 for the given pipe category in accordance with Test Method
D1598. Use water as the internal test medium. Two of three
specimens must meet or exceed the specified minimum average
failure time.
7.9.1 Prepare at least three specimens as in 7.7 for the
appropriate test hoop stress given in Table 5. Test at 176F
(80C) and the hoop stresses given in Table 5 in accordance
with Test Method D1598.
7.10 Burst PressureThe test equipment, procedures and
failure definitions shall be as specified in Test Method D1599.
In addition, the failure must be ductile.

NOTE 3At lower pressures, the pipe may carry liquids without
evidence of loss of liquids.

9. Marking

8. Retest and Rejection


8.1 If the results of any test(s) do not meet the requirements
of this specification, the test(s) shall be conducted again only
by agreement between the purchaser and the seller. Under such
agreement, minimum requirements shall not be lowered,
changed, or modified, nor shall specification limits be changed.
If upon retest, failure occurs, the quantity of product represented by the test(s) does not meet the requirements of this
specification.

9.1 Marking on the pipe shall include the following, spaced


at intervals of not more than 1.5 m (5 ft):
9.1.1 Nominal pipe size (for example, 2 in.).
9.1.2 Type of plastic pipe material in accordance with the
designation code given in 3.2.5 (for example, PE2305).
9.1.3 Standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio in accordance with the designation code given in 5.2 (for example,
SIDR9), or the pressure rating in pounds per square inch for
water at 23C (73.4F) shown as the number followed by psi
(for example, 100 psi), except that when intended for pressure
application the pressure rating shall be shown (for example,
100 psi). When the indicated pressure rating is lower than that
calculated in accordance with 3.2.5 (see Appendix X1), the
SIDR shall also be included in the marking code.
9.1.4 This designation, D2239, with which the pipe complies.
9.1.5 Manufacturers name (or trademark) and code (Note
1).

7.8 Environmental Stress Cracking Test Use six randomly


selected 250-mm (10-in.) long specimens containing the permanent marking for this test. Connect one end of each
specimen to a 400-psi pressure gage and the other end to an air
or nitrogen supply through a suitable valve. Subject the
specimens to the pressures listed in Table 6 for 23C, close the
valve, and disconnect in such a manner that the pressure is
retained in the specimen. Apply enough pressure in excess of
the listed value to compensate for the pressure lost during
disconnection of the pressure source. Test the assembly for
leaks by immersion in water. Eliminate leaks or substitute
nonleaking specimens for those that leak. Take care to dry the
test specimen completely after immersion. Apply a coating of
Igepal CO-6307 to the pipe surface with a brush. Take care to
7
This method is based on the use of Igepal CO-630, a trademark for a
nonylphenoxy poly(ethyleneoxy)ethanol, which may be obtained from GAF Corp.,
Dyestuff and Chemical Div., 140 W. 51st St., New York, NY 10020.

D2239 03
9.1.6 Pipe intended for the transport of potable water shall
also include the seal or mark of the laboratory making the
evaluation for this purpose, spaced at intervals specified by the
laboratory.

stripes, a color shell or solid color, blue is used for potable


water; green is used for sewer; and purple (violet, lavender) is
used for reclaimed water.
10. Quality Assurance

NOTE 4Manufacturers using the seal or mark of a laboratory must


obtain prior authorization from the laboratory concerned.

10.1 When the product is marked with this designation,


D2239, the manufacturer affirms that the product was manufactured, inspected, sampled, and tested in accordance with this
specification and has been found to meet the requirements of
this specification.

9.1.7 Pipe test category in accordance with Table 1.


9.2 Using Color to Identify Piping ServiceIt is not mandatory to use color to identify piping service, but when color is
applied expressly to identify piping service, such as with

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
This requirement applies whenever a Regulatory Authority or user calls for product to be used to
convey or to be in contact with potable water.
the health effects portion of NSF Standard No. 14 by an
acceptable certifying organization when required by the regulatory authority having jurisdiction.

S1. Potable Water RequirementProducts intended for


contact with potable water shall be evaluated, tested, and
certified for conformance with ANSI/NSF Standard No. 61 or

APPENDIX
(Nonmandatory Information)
X1. SOURCE OF HYDROSTATIC DESIGN STRESSES

these hydrostatic design stresses may be obtained from the


Plastics Pipe Institute, a division of The Society of the Plastics
Industry, 355 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10017 (Note
X1.1). These hydrostatic design stresses may not be suitable
for materials that show a wide departure from a straight-line
plot of log stress versus log time to failure. All the data
available to date on PE pipe materials made in the United
States exhibit a straight-line plot under these plotting conditions.

X1.1 The hydrostatic design stresses recommended by the


Plastics Pipe Institute are used to pressure rate PE plastic pipe.
These hydrostatic design stresses are 2.76 MPa (400 psi), 3.45
MPa (500 psi), 4.34 MPa (630 psi), and 5.25 MPa (800 psi) for
water at 23C (73F). These hydrostatic design stresses apply
only to the pipe meeting all the requirements of this specification.
X1.2 Seven PE pipe materials are included, based on the
requirements of Specification D1248 and the PPIrecommended hydrostatic design stresses, as follows:
X1.2.1 Grade P 14 with a hydrostatic design stress of 2.76
MPa (400 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE1404.
X1.2.2 Grade P 23 with a hydrostatic design stress of 3.45
MPa (500 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE2305.
X1.2.3 Grade P 23, with a hydrostatic design stress of 4.34
MPa (630 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE2306.
X1.2.4 Grade P 24, with a hydrostatic design stress of 4.4
MPa (630 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE2406.
X1.2.5 Grade P 33, with a hydrostatic design stress of 4.34
MPa (630 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE3306.
X1.2.6 Grade P 34, with a hydrostatic design stress of 4.34
MPa (630 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated as PE3406.
X1.2.7 Grade P 34 with hydrostatic design stress of 5.25
MPa (800 psi) for water at 23C (73F), designated PE3408.
X1.3

NOTE X1.1Refer also to Test Method D2837.

X1.4 The pipe is rated for use with water at 23C (73F) at
the maximum internal pressures shown in Table X1.1. Lower
pressure ratings than those calculated in accordance with 3.2.3
may be recommended, at the option of the pipe manufacturer,
in which case the SIDR shall be included in the marking.
Experience of the industry indicates that PE plastic pipe
meeting the requirements of this specification gives satisfactory service under normal conditions for a long period at these
pressure ratings. The sustained pressure requirements (6.8.2)
are related to these ratings through the slopes of the strengthtime plots of these materials in pipe form.
X1.5 The hydrostatic design stresses recommended by the
Plastic Pipe Institute are based on tests made on pipe ranging
in size from 12 to 2 in.

Information regarding criteria used in developing

D2239 03
TABLE X1.1 Standard Thermoplastic Pipe Dimension
Ratios (SIDR) and Water Pressure Ratings (PR) at 23C
(73F) or SIDR-PR PE Plastic Pipe
Standard
Dimension
Ratio

PE Pipe MaterialsA
PE3408

PE3306
PE3406

PE2306
PE2406

PE2305

PE1404

1.10
(160)
0.86
(125)
0.69
(100)
0.55
(80)
...
...
...
...

0.86
(125)
0.69
(100)
0.55
(80)
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
5.3
7
9
11.5

..
..
..
5.3
7
9

Pressure Rating, MPa (psi)


5.3
7
9
11.5
15
19

1.73
(250)
1.38
(200)
1.10
(160)
0.86
(125)
0.69
(100)
0.55
(80)

1.38
(200)
1.10
(160)
0.86
(125)
0.69
(100)
0.55
(80)
...
...

1.38
(200)
1.10
(160)
0.86
(125)
0.69
(100)
0.55
(80)
...
...

Pressure Rating, MPa (psi)


1.73
1.38
1.10
0.86
0.69
0.55
A

(250)
(200)
(160)
(125)
(100)
(80)

5.3
7
9
11.5
15
19

...
5.3
7
9
11.5
15

See 3.2.5 and 5.4 for code designation.

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