You are on page 1of 4

Lesson 4: Multiplying of Fractions

Elicit
Multiply the fraction in the box to the
fractions and whole numbers around it.
How do we multiply fractions with a whole
number or another fraction?

Reflect: How do we multiply fractions with a whole number or another fraction?

Engage
The farmers in Barangay Pinagsama planted tomato on half of its 1 2/3 hectares of
land. What part of the land was planted with tomato?
How will you answer this kind of problem?
Reflect: What do you want to know about multiplication of fraction and mixed number?

Explore
1
2
and 1
can be
2
3
represented by the fraction bars on the right.
2
5
The mixed number 1
is equal to
in
3
3
improper fraction.
5
1
Multiplying
by
gives the
3
2
3
2
partial products of
and
. The sum of
6
6
5
the partial products is equal to
.
6
The product of

Here is a shorter way to multiply fraction and mixed number.


1. Change the mixed number to
improper fraction.
2 1
1
3 2

1
2

5 1

3 2
19

2. Multiply the numerator and the


denominator of the multiplicand
to the numerator and
denominator of the multiplier
respectively.
3. Reduce the product to its lowest
form if necessary.

5 1 51 5
=
=
3 2 32 6

5
6

is already in lowest form.

Explain
With your seatmate, discuss another way of multiplying fractions and mixed numbers.
Here are the ideas you should have learned in this lesson.
1. In multiplication of fraction and mixed number, follow these steps.
a. Change the mixed number to improper fraction.
b. Multiply the numerator and the denominator of the multiplicand to the numerator
and denominator of the multiplier respectively.
c. Reduce the product to its lowest form if necessary.

Elaborate
A. Translate the following questions into multiplication phrases. Then compute for the
products.
1
1
of 3
1. What is
km?
4
2
2
5
of 2
2. What is
dozen of eggs?
3
8
3
5
of 5
3. What is
cups of flour?
8
9
1
9
of 6
4. What is
liters of water?
6
10
5
2
of 10
5. What is
hours?
12
7
B. After computing for the products of the fractions above, use your calculator to check if
your answer is correct or not.
Example:
1 1 5
2 =
on the calculator is
2 4 8
2

ab/c

ab/c

ab/c

20

Evaluate
A. Find the product of the following fractions and mixed numbers. Express your
answer in lowest form.
2
2
4
5
7
2
1
1
1
1. 1

2. 4

3. 2
1
4.
2

8
3
5
6
9
5
3
4
5
9
B. Make a model or representation of the following multiplication phrase.
3 4
3
3
2
1

5.
6. 1

7. 2
1
5 9
5
4
3
8
C. Identify which of the following statement below is false based
on the solution inside the box. Then explain your answer for
each statement.
4
12
8. The mixed number 2
should be
in improper
5
5
fraction.
12
9. The product of the fraction should be
.
20
14
7
10. The lowest form of
should be
.
20
10
5
D. Create a multiplication sentence that is equal to 6 . The
multiplication sentence should have a fraction and a mixed
number. Then make a step by step computation for the product.

1
4
2 =N
4
5
1 14
=N
4 5
1 14
=N
4 20
1 14
=N
4 5
14 3
=
20 4

Pause & Reflect


Are you happy with the result of your evaluation? Why?
What concepts are clear to you?
What concepts are still not clear to you?
What is the most desirable value or attitude that you have developed in this lesson?

Extend
A. Answer the questions below.
Is learning how to multiply fractions important? Why? Give at least 3 examples of
situations where we use multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers.

21

B. Use a computer application to draw the models for following multiplication phrases.
Then compute for their products. (Note: If you dont have access to a computer, just draw
the illustration using your pen and ruler on your notebook.)
2 1
1 3
a. 1
b. 2
3 4
2 5

22