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Lesson 9: Creating Problems involving Division Fractions

and Mixed Fractions

Elicit
Read the following word problems. Analyze the scenario and the strategy that can be
used to solve the problems.
2
1
1. Luigi has 2
kilos of sugar. He uses
kg for every bibingka he cooks. How many
3
6
bibingka can he cook?
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2. The weight of the watermelon is 1
times as the weight of a papaya. Senyang bought
2
1
2 watermelons and 2 papayas. If the total weight of the fruits was 3
, how heavy is
2
each fruit? What is the weight of 5 watermelons and 5 papayas?
What is the difference between these two problems in terms of the strategy used to solve
them?

Reflect: If you will rewrite the problems above, what kind of scenario will you use? Why?

Engage
What is the girl doing in the picture? Do you have a sari-sari store? Do you also
help your parents in running this?
(Illustrate a child helping her mother in putting a sack of rice in bags sari-sari store.)
Can you create a story problem involving division without or with any other
operation of fractions and mixed numbers?
Reflect: What do I want to know about creating problems involving division of fractions
and mixed numbers?

Explore
Study how the problem addition and subtraction of fractions can be made using
the given facts below.
Scenario
Repacking the a bag of sugar
into small packets

Given Information
2 ,1
25
3 2

Question/s
Ask about the number of
packets that can be made with
the given kilo of sugar.

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2
Alma helps her mother in their sari-sari store. She packs 25 kg of sugar into
3
1
packets. How many packets of sugar can she make? How much sugar was left
2
unpacked?
What information is needed when
constructing and answering routine
Where is this information in the problem?
problems involving division of
fractions and numbers?
How to construct the problem:
1. State a scenario that uses division
Alma helps her mother in their sari-sari store.
of fractions and mixed fractions.
2
1
She packs 25 kg of sugar into
Use keywords for division.
3
2
packets.
2 ,1
2. Use the given fractions.
25
3 2
3. Pose questions that require getting
a. How many packets of sugar can she
make?
the quotient of mixed fractions and
b. How much sugar was left unpacked?
fractions.
How to answer the problem:
2 1
4. Write a number sentence for the
25
3 2
given problem.
5. Show the solution to the problem.
Problem 1
2 1
25
=
3 2
77 1 77 2 77 2 154
1
= =
=
=51
3 2 3 1 3 1
3
3
Problem 2
1 1 1
=
3 2 6
6. State the answers to the problem.
a. She can make 51 packets of sugar.
1
kg of sugar that will be left
b. There is
6
unpacked.
How will you modify the word problem above to make it a more challenging one?
Lets analyze how this word problem involving division of fractions is made.
The weight of a tilapia is one-third as heavy as a milkfish. Mang Lauro bought the same
2
number of tilapia and milkfish. The weight of a milkfish is
kg. The weight of all the
3
1
fishes was 5 kg . How many fishes did he buy?(Put this in a box.)
3
What information is needed when
Where is this information in the problem?
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constructing and answering routine


problems involving division of
fractions?
How to construct the problem:
1. State a scenario that uses division of The weight of a tilapia is one-third as heavy as
a milkfish. Mang Lauro bought the same
fractions and mixed fractions.
number of tilapia and milkfish.
2. Pose question/s that require/s getting How many fishes did he buy?
the quotient of mixed fraction and
fraction.
3. Give necessary and realistic
1. The weight of a tilapia is one-third as heavy
as a milkfish.
information in order to answer the
2. Mang Lauro bought the same number of
posed question/s.
tilapia and milkfish
2
kg .
3. The weight of a milkfish is
3
1
4. Make some restriction to make the
The weight of all the fishes was 5 kg .
3
problem challenging.
How to answer the problem:
1. Think of a strategy that can be used
Breakdown the question into smaller questions?
to solve the problem.
a. How heavy is a tilapia?
b. How heavy is a pair of tilapia and milkfish?
c. How many pair of tilapia and milkfish are
1
there in 5 kg ?
3
1 2 2
2. Show the solution to the problem.
=
a.
3 3 9
2
A tilapia weighs
kg.
9
2 2 2 6 8
+ = + =
b.
9 3 9 9 9
8
A pair of tilapia and milkfish weighs
kg.
9
c.
1 8 16 8 16 9 16 9 144
5 = = =
=
=6
3 9 3 9 3 8 38
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There are 6 pairs of tilapia and milkfish.
d. 6 2 = 12
3. State the final answer to the problem Mang Lauro bought 12 fishes.
in a complete sentence.
Now examine again the problems you constructed under ENGAGE. Based on what you learned,
how will you improve your problems? How will you make it into a non-routine problem? Talk
with your seatmate about this.
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Explain
Explain the following ideas about division of fractions and mixed numbers
with/without other operations.
A. To create a word problem involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers:
1. State a scenario that uses division of fractions.
2. Use keywords that division of fractions and other operations.
3. Pose a question that requires getting quotient of two or more fractions or mixed
fractions.
4. Give a restriction or limit to make the problem become a non-routine.
B. To answer the problem involving multiplication of fractions and mixed fractions.
1. Use a strategy and/or number sentence to solve the problem such as working
backwards, using a table, etc.
2. Show the complete solution to the problem.
3. Write the answer to the problem in a complete sentence.

Elaborate
Read the following scenarios below. Write for each scenario a problem involving
fractions and mixed fractions using division only and a problem using division and other
operations. Use your calculator or computer to help you solve the problems. Ask some of
your classmates to answer one of your problems.
1. Distributing relief goods to the victims of calamities
2. Putting harvested fruits into smaller bags
3. Repacking grains into smaller packets.

Evaluate
A. How do we construct routine and non-routine problems involving division with
mixed fractions?
B. Study the word problem below. Choose the letter of the best answer in each item.
5
1
Katrina spent 4
hours and 3
hours last Monday and Tuesday in sewing
6
3
1
handkerchief. It took her
of an hour to make one. She need to make 40 handkerchiefs
4
until Wednesday to earn P500. (put this inside a box)
1. What is the scenario in the story?
A. Katrina spent some time to sew handkerchiefs.
B. Katrina cut cloth to make handkerchiefs.
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2.

3.

4.

5.

C. Katrina sew handkerchiefs last Monday.


D. Katrina repaired some handkerchiefs.
All the given are relevant information except __________.
5
1
1
I. 4
hours
II. 3
hours
III.
of an hour IV.40 handkerchiefs
6
3
4
V.P500
A. I and II
B. II only
C. III and IV
D. V only
Which of the following information is/are not needed to be solved first if you will create
a problem?
I. The salary she received on Monday and Tuesday.
II. The time it took her last Monday and Tuesday.
III. The number of handkerchiefs she made for the first two days.
IV. The number of handkerchiefs she needed to make on Wednesday.
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. III and IV
D. I and IV
Which of the following questions is the most difficult but has a solution?
I. How many handkerchiefs did she make on Wednesday?
II. How many hours did she spend for the first two days?
III. How many hours must she spend on Wednesday?
IV. What was the average salary she received each day?
A. I
B. II.
C. III
D. IV
All the questions in number 4 have solutions except______.
A. I
B. II.
C. III
D. IV
C. Find a partner. Construct together a problem involving fractions and mixed fractions
using division only and a problem using division and another operation. Use the
rubric in Appendix D so you know how you will be rated.
D. Create your own problem that routine and non-routine involving division of fractions.
Do this with reference to the rubric in Appendix C.

Pause &Reflect
Are you happy with the result of your evaluation? Why?
What concepts are clear to you?
What concepts are still not clear to you?
What is the most desirable value or attitude that you have developed in this lesson?

Extend
Do the following.
1. Go to your school canteen manager or a vendor near your house and ask him about
the time he used division of fractions and mixed fractions. Then write a story
problem using the information he gives to you.
2. In which part of a word problem involving division of fractions are you having the
most time writing? Why? How will you improve this weakness on your part?

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