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During Linux installation, you need to


configure a minimum of how many user
accounts?

two

Filesystem that performs journaling

ext3

Shares password databases among Linux


systems

Network Information Service (NIS)

Program started by the BIOS that loads the


Linux kernel into memory from a hard disk
partition inside the computer

boot loader

command that halts the system immediately


and powers down the computer

poweroff

Allows you to choose the operating system


upon system startup

dual booting

Specify a commands' working parameters

arguments

Channel that allows a user to log in

terminal

Alter the way a command works

options

Traditional filesystem still used on most Linux


computers

ext2

In Linux, what is used to accept input from the


user and pass input to the kernel for
processing?

Shell

To find all of the commands that have the word


list in their name or description, you would
type what?

man -k list

What metacharacterindicates background


command execution?

&

What is the shell that is used by default in


Linux?

BASH

Which Linux Command displays your login


name?

whoami

What is the most common method of installing


Linux?

DVD installation

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Because you need to document so many pieces


of hardware and software information, you
should create a ______ that contains all
important installation information as well as
hardware information.

Preinstallation checklist

What are specific letters that start with a dash


(-)?

Options

What directory contains system commands and


utilities?

/usr

What filesystem is compatible with the


Windows FAT filesystem?

VFAT

Hard disks can contain how many major


partitions?

The command that displays the calendar for the


current month is what?

cal

what is the metacharacter for command


termination?

Which Linux command gets you out of your


current shell?

exit

The recommended size for the /home directory


is _____ per user.

200 MB

What command will confirm the system


directory that you are currently in?

pwd

What metacharacter can also be used to refer to


the current user's home directory?

To move from the /home/joe/test/data to the


home/joe directory, what command would you
use?

cd../..

If you type enough unique letters of a directory


and press the _____ key, the BASH shell will
find the intended file or directory being
specified and fill in the appropriate
information.

Tab

Most files on a Linux system that contain


configuration information are what kind of
files?

text files

To view a list of files and their type, use the


____ switch to the ls command.

-F

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The ____ symbol indicates a linked file.

The ____ command can be used to provide a


long listing for each file in a certain directory.

ls -l

Using wildcard metacharacters, how can one


indicate a number is either 1, 2, 3, or 4?

[1-4]

The ____ command displays the last five lines


of a text file

tail -5

Extended regular expression metacharacters

?, +, {}, |

The ____ regular expression metacharacter


matches 0 or more occurrences of the previous
character.

What key combination, commonly used in the


vi editor command mode, displays current line
statistics?

ctrl + g

The ____ can be used with LISP artificial


intelligence programming language and
supports hundreds of keyboard functions like
the vi editor.

Emacs editor

The ____ editor is functionally analogous to the


Windows Wordpad and Notepad editors.

gedit

Displays files in reverse order

tac command

Displays lines of test that match extended


regular expressions

egrep comand

Identifies a channel that passes information


from one process in memory to another, and in
some cases can be mediated by fiels on the hard
drive

named pipe

Special file that serves as placeholders to


organize other files

directory

Displays the first ten lines of a text file

head command

A file that represents a device on the system,


such as a hard disk or serial port

Special device file

Files that have an association with one another

Linked files

A file that contains the most recent entries at


the bottom of the file

log file

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A file that allows a process on another


computer to write to a file on the local
computer while another process reads from that
file

socket file

In the FHS, the ____ directory contains the


Linux kernel and files used by the boot loader

/boot

In FHS, the ____ directory is the root user's


home directory

/root

In the FHS, the ____ directory contains most


system commands and utilities

/usr

Copying a file can be accomplished using what


command?

cp

What command takes a list of arguments


specifying the absolute or relative pathnames of
files to remove?

rm

The fastest method to search for files in the


Linux Directory tree is to use what command?

locate command

You can see the contents of a certain variable in


memory by using the ____ metacharacter with
the echo command

The ____ section of a filesystem is the section


that contains information about the filesystem
in general.

superblock

To create a hard link, you must use the ____


command

ln

The section of an inode that stores permissions


is called the _____ of a file.

mode

In a file's mode, if a permission is unavailable,


a ____ character replaces its position in the
mode

If a user has _____ permission for a file, they


can open. read, and edit the contents of a file

write

When using the chmod command for a specific


file, the ______ argument would add read
permissin and remove write permission for the
group persmission

g+r-w

When using the chmod command, the mode


rwx can be replaced by the number____.

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To set all of the special permission on a certain


file or directory, you can use the command
_____, where name is the name of the file or
directory.

chmod 7777 name

Command used to change the permissions for a


certain file or directory

chmod

Command used to view you current user name

whoami

Command used to view your group


memberships and primary group

groups

Command used to change the group owner of a


file or directory

chgrp

Command used to test network connectivity

ping

Command used to change the ownership of a


file or directory

chown

Command used to display BASH shell aliases

alias

Special variable on the system used to take


away permissions on new files and directories
immediately after they are created.

umask

Command used to quickly create an empty file.

touch

Devices that transfer data in a characterby-character fashion are referred to


as______devices.

character

The ____ device file represents the first


primary partition on the second IDE hard disk
drive (primary slave).

/dev/hdb1

The ____ device file represents the second


serial port on the system (COM2).

/dev/ttyS1

The ____ filesystem is used by software


programs that write to a CD-RW or DVD-RW
drive.

udf

The _____ filesystem contains most of the


operating system files.

root

To format a filesystem with a specified


filesystem type, you can use the ____ option
with the mkfs command.

-t

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To mount all filesystems in the /etc/fstab file


that are intended to mount at boot time, you can
simply type the ____ command.

mount -a

CD-ROMs typically use the _____ filesystem

iso9660

Linux requires how many partitions at


minimum?

two

Data is read off of hard disks in concentric


circles called what?

tracks

To create partitions after installation, you can


use the _____ command

fdisk

The easiest method for monitoring free space


by mounted filesystems is to use the _____
command

df

Errors on a filesystem are often referred to as


filesytem ____ and are common on most
filesystems.

corruption

To check a filesystem for errors, you can use


the _____ command, which can check
filesystems of many different types.

fsck

You can edit the quotas for certain users by


using the _____ command

edquota

Directory that stores devices files

/dev

Indicates a particular device

minor number

File on the hard disk representing a device on a


Linux system

device file

Command used to create modify system


parameters

tune2fs

The first readable sector of a hard disk, where


partition definitions are stored

MBR

File that contains a list of devices that are


currently used on the filesystem and their major
numbers

/proc/devices

Rigid quota limits that the user cannot exceed

hard limits

Points to the device driver for a device in the


Linux kernel

major number

Hard disk quotas that the user can exceed for a


certain period of time.

Soft limits

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Each SCSI device is assigned a unique ID


number known as a _____.

target id

Most Parallel SCSI controllers support up to


____ devices.

15

The highest priority SCSI device is given a


SCSI ID of______.

The _____ standard supports speeds of up to 80


MB/s.

SCSI-3 Ultra2 Wide

Raid level _____ is often referred to as disk


mirroring.

Raid level ____ is commonly referred to as disk


striping with parity

A Fedora 13 CD installation requires ___ CDs.

six

In Fedora Linux, a ____ file is a script file that


speifies the choices that you would normally
choose when you install the operating system

kickstart

If a Linux installaion ends abnormally and the


screen displays a "fatal signal _____" error
message, it indicates an error known as a
segmentation fault.

11

Some installation fail to place a boot loader on


the hard disk properly; this is often the case
with large hard disk drives that have over ____
cylinders.

1024

_____ installation log files are create by the


Fedora installation program.

two

to verify hardware settings, you can examine


the contents of the _____ directory.

/proc

The ____ file in the /proc directory contains a


list of memory address ranges reserved for
device use.

ioports

The ____ in the /proc directory contains


statistics on the performance of the processor.

loadavg

A remote disk to which a computer connects


using iSCSI

iSCSI target

File that contains a lists of packages that were


installed as well as a list of those that were not
installed

/root/install.log

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A type of RAID level 0 that consists of two


hard disks that are seen as one large volume.

spanning

A unique identifier for each devie attached to


any given node in a SCSI chain

Logical Unit Number (LUN)

File that lists all of the system events that


occurred during the installation, such as the
creation of user and group accounts

/root/install.log.syslog

A version of RAID controlled by the system


BIOS

firmware RAID

A protocol that may be used to install Fedora


via the network.

Network File System (NFS)

A type of RAID level 0 in which an individual


file is divided into sections and saved
concurrently on multiple disks.

disk striping

The situation in which a program has accessed


an area of RAM that was not assigned

segmentation fault

The file descriptor stdin is represented by the


number____.

The file descriptor stderr is represented by the


number___.

You can ue the BASH shell to redirect standard


output and standard error from the terminal
screen to a file on the filesystem using the ___
shell metacharacter followed by the absolute or
relative pathname of the file

>

You can redirect a file to the standard input of a


command using the ____ character.

<

The ____ command can be used to replace


characters in a file sent via Standard Input

tr

You can send the standard output of one


command to another command as standard
input using the ____ shell metacharacter.

The ____ command count the number of lines,


words, and characters in a file

wc

The ____ command can be used to extract,


manipulate, and format text using patternaction statements

awk

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Most configuration files on Linux systems are


delimited using ____ characters

colon

To see a list of the environmental variables and


their current values on a system, you can use
the ____ command

set

The _____ command could be used to view the


contents of the environment variable that
represents the BASH shell prompt.

echo $PS1

To see a list of all exported environment and


user-defined variables in the shell, you can use
the ____ command

env

The _____ environment fiel is always executed


immediately after login for all users on the
system, and sets most environment variables,
such as HOME and PATH.

/etc/profile

If you have _____ permission to a shell script,


you cn execute the shell script like any other
executable program on the system.

read and execute

The test statement ____ would be used to


determine if A is numerically greater than B

[ A -gt B ]

Labels representing command input and output

file descriptors

Any error messages generated by a command

stderr

Shell variables that are typically set by the


system and contain information that the system
and programs access regularly

environment variables

Files that are typically used to create custom


programs that perform administrative tasks on
Linux systems.

shell scrpits

The first line in a shell script, which specifies


the pathname to the shell that interprets the
contents of the shell script

hashpling

The information that is processed by the


command during execution

stdin

Constructs that alter the flow of a program


based on whether a command in the program
completed successfully or based on a decision
that the uer makes given a question posed by
the program

a decision construct

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The normal output of a command

stdout

A filter command that takes information from


standard input and sends that information to a
file, as well as to standard output.

tee

The Linux kernel is stored in the _____


directory.

/boot

_____ of the GRUB boot loader typically


resided on the Master boot record

Stage 1

To create an encrypted password for use in the


/boot/grub/grub.conf, you can use the ____
command

grub-md5-crypt

In the /etc/lilo.conf file, the ____ keyword


specifies the absolute pathname to the Linux
kernel.

image=

In the /etc/lilo.conf file, the ____ keyword


specifies the file that contains the physical
layout of the disk drive.

install=

A Linux system in runlevel ___ is a system that


has no daemons active in memory and is ready
to be powered off

After the entries in /etc/inittab have been


executed, the ____ file is executed to perform
tasks that must occur after system startup.

/etc/rc.d/rc.local

You can use the ____ command to start, stop,


or restart any daemons listed within the
/etc/rc.d/init.d directory.

service

Which utility can be used to modify runtime


configuration files so that they start and stop
daemons when entering a particular runlevel?

ntsysv

___ is a freely available version of X Windows


used in many Linux Distributions.

XFree86

The two most common dsktop environments


that are used on Linux are ____and____.

kde and gnome

The ______ window manager is used for the


GNOME desktop in Red Hat Fedora Core 2

metacity

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If your system uses the X.org implementation


of X Windows, the mouse, keyboard, monitor,
and video adapter card information is stored in
the ____ file in text format

/etc/x11/xorg.conf

To configure your keyboard, you can use the


_____ command from either a GUI or terminal
environment and restart X Windows

system-config-keyboard

After configuring X Windows, you can


fine-tune the vsync and hsync of the video card
using the ____ utility withing the desktop
environment.

xvidtune

Programs that tell X Windows how to draw teh


graphics and display the reult

X Client

A LILO version available for Intel Pentium and


Itanium computers that use Extensible
Firmware Interface (EFI).

ELILO

Utility used to configure video card and


monitor

Display settings

Modifies the look and feel of X Windows

Window manager

A system process tha performs useful tasks,


such as printing, scheduling, and operating
system maintenance

daemon

Another name for runlevels

initstates

Partition to which the MBR points

active partition

Most common boot loader on modern Linux


systems.

Grand unified bootloader

Used to run multiple OSs at the same time

virtualization software

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