100 views

Uploaded by sravyasai13

this file gives info regarding soil structure interaction

- Finite Element Soil-Pile-Interaction Analysis of Floodwall in Soft Clay
- Reinforced Earth
- Practical Applications
- Banerjee s
- Development of Shaft Friction on Driven Piles in Sand and Clay
- Modelling cemented sand using DEM
- Thesis (6).pdf
- Bridging Geotechnical Engineering Education and Research on Education-Pantazidou
- FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSMENT OF SHEAR STRENGTH PARAMETERS OF RESIDUAL TROPICAL SOILS.pdf
- tuto 3
- Civil 7 Sem Syllabus
- Effects of State Parameter, Fines Content, and Overburden Stress on CPT Resistance in Silty Sands
- Lecture(FEModelingforTunnel)[1]
- 2DAnniversaryEdition 0 Gen Info
- Shear-Strength-of-Soil.pdf
- WebPEER 2014 16
- Simpson Some Things Eurocode 7
- Foundation Engineering Culminating Design Project - Comparison of Shear Strength of Soil With Egg Shell, Soil With Plastic Fibers, And Plain Soil
- DEM simulation of the behaviour of geogrid stabilised ballast fouled with coal.pdf
- Final File

You are on page 1of 7

ELEVEN

THE BEHAVIOUR

OF OVERCONSOLIDATED

.

.

SAMPLES: THE HVORSLEV SURFACE

'

111 INTRODUCTION

eltists a critical state line at which specimens fail, and a Itate boundary

surface, the Roscoe surface, which Jimits tbe state of specimens in q' : p' : "

space"IS they move from the normal consolidation line to the critical state

line. We must now ask ourselves whether the same concepts, perhaps with

modification, appl)' for overcoDsolidated specimens.

We will consider the behaviour of specimens which have been isotropicaJl)'

consolidated 10 lome mean normal effective stress p:Uu and then allowed

to swell isotropically to some lower mean normal slress P~. as indicated in

Fig. J \-1. The overco~solidation ratio Rp is defined as p;..... fp~. and so

"'f--.,......

5...."111,,,

line

P,

/'_.

"

IOOr------------------,

0') D

....

34.S kN m- I

rltioR, . 2'-

~rconsolidlt)on

7.

~,o/~.

I

o

j'

10

'0

-.,------------------,

-,

!~ o'=,..c.--------~----__\

');-0---,!;;:o---,f.;-o--,A.I.T.

. f.

UBRARY

(per ~nt)

F'lwe 112 Tesl dall rrom draine4 lest on In overconsolidlled umple of Weald elay

(Ifter Bishop and Henkel, 1962, p. 121)

oycrconsolidatcd samples.

A typlyal drained test on a heavily ovcrconsolld8t~d ,sample (Rp _ 24) of

Weald clay was discussed in Sec. 94 and q': l" and c,,: " curves ,nfC

reproduced in Fig: 11-2. A significant feature of the q' : Sa curve is thai the

sample exhibits a peak strength, denoted by q;. afler which the value of q'

falls as ea incruses. The value of q' seems to be decreasing towards a steady

value at the end orlhe test, but, as discussed in Sec. 9-4, we must be suspicious

about the acc::uracy of the data of both stress and slrain at large shear strains.

We nole also that the sample initially decreases in volume, before it expands

substantially as the test proceeds, There is a hinl that the rate of volume

expansion is decreasing towards the end of the lesl, but again we cancol

rely on the data at this stage of the lest.

We can now plot ~e stress path for the test in q' : p' space as shown in

Fig. 11 -3. TIle Ie.~t path moves nbove the projeclio n of Ihe criticnl lillie line

to the failure poinl before moving back along the Slime puth lowRnh the

projection of the critical state line. The state boundary surface for over

consolidated specimens must therefore have a projection in q': p' space thlll

lies above the projection of the critical state line.

'

I

",

,,

U2 THE MECHANICS

or SOtu

,.r---------------------~----~

FaillJ~

I,

ClilicaISlat~ .line,

y

,.

E

2.

".

".

".

".

".

20

".

".

".

".

End of

luI

//

".

p~

",0

60

p'(kN m- 1)

about the shape of the stalc boundary surfact. However, the dilficulty with ,

such a family of tests, and indeed with drained tests in general, is that the

specific volume of the specimens is changing throughout the testl. The

projections of the test paths, or the failure point, into q' : p' space then refer

with the Roscoe surface, we expect that each constant" section of the state

boundary surface is of different site, though we hope of the same sha.pe. The

most convenient way of investigating the shape of the state boundary

surface is, thert:fore, to scuJe the stresses to allow for changes in specific

volume that occur during the tests.

In order to scale the stresses, we argue as before that the size of each

constant tI section of the state bOu-ndary surface will' be difi'ere~or each

v~lue of v, and will be in Pf9~ruOI\ ~ ~ Cquivalent";tms'p!:~ue

~~:~~~~:~~~~t~~:~l\!~~f~~~JbT:~~~~~

by' plotting stress' pattis in

:

space; drained and uodhtined tests

q'lp~ p'lp~

;.:

. . ....

This method of scaling was adopted by Hvonlev, who was concerned

with the correlation of failure strengths of specimens tested in the shear box.

We can consider the failure states of specimens in the Iria xi:lI apparatus and

plot the dat. on normalized slrcsll axes, as shown in Fig. 11-4. The data were

obtained frpm a series of compression tests on overconsolidated Weald

clay. and IltO takCJ? from Parry (1960). It is clear that the data of both drained

and' undralned ,tests lie on a single, line in q'/p~: p '/p~ space. The line is

limited on tISrigpt-hand end by the point representing the critical state line

at the top Fdgc of the Roscoe state boundary surface. By the following

. argument, the line of failure points is also limited on its left hand end. The

maximum Vlllue of q'/p' would be when ai was large and as was small. If the

soil could 110t wilhstand tensile effective stresses, the highest value of q' Jp'

that .could be observed would corrcspond to

O. Then, for a triaxial

compression test,

(II-I)

a; _

(11-2)

nnd

q'/~~ - 3.

(11-3)

The locus of failure .points can then be idealized a,s line AD in FiS. II'.

The locus is limited on its len-hand side by the line OA which has slope 3,

cormpondinc to tensile failure, and on its riaht~hand side by the critical

0.6

o Dr.llMid

11 Undrlined

"0.'

l/..:... . . .

o;u

.Db.

5'

Rotcoe Rlrf.ce

.....

,

,

,,

"

\

\

\

\

0.2

line

0.2

0.'

0.6

0.8

1.0

p'lp~

FI...... 11--4 Failure siaies of drained .nd undr.lned tests on ovcrC'onsolidaled samples

01 Weald cta~ (data from Parry, 1960)

.....- . ,

;'-

.,

A

)

O~~

____________________

~C~~

p' lp:

F1lllrt 11' The complete .tlte boUndlry 'Urflce in ,'J,; : p'I'~ .,.ce

state line (point B) and the Roscoe surface (BC). Of course, if the soil could

sustain tensile effective stre~, the line corresponding to (ensile failure

would lie to the left of OA, and might be curved. This latter possibility is

relevant for many cohesive powders , whose handling is important in the

chemical engineering industry.

We shall call the locus AB of failure points in Fig, 11-5 tbe Hvor.dev

sur/oee. The sianificant feature of the surface with which Hvorslev wu

particularlycOiicernecfii-thiii the

iire~ithsPeQmenatfiilure is

a [unction both of the mean normal stress

and of the s~ific- vo iiiiMV

of the specimen at failure. Tlte specific 'v~i~me 'appean' i~"Fig: 11-5 ihrougb

its influence on the equivalent stress p~ , which depends directly on s~fic

~?Iume. The point can be illustrated if

idealite the Hvorslev surface-;; a

siraight line whose equation is

sh;;'

i,

ori.

we

(11-4)

where g and h are soil constants as shown in Fig. 11 -6. Equation 11 -4 may

he rewriuen as

(11-5)

p; - "p((N-')/~J

(11-6)

(11-7)

The Hvorslev surface intersects the critical slate line given by Eqs (10-1) and

(10-2) al q~. pj and v, where

.

q; "" Mp j: v f

r-).Inpj

(11-8)

.,

~

"

,~

.i.

"

"

,,

Slope. II

(M-h)p; _ gexp [( N~r)

g _ (M-h)exp

+ In p;]

(r-N) ,

-~-

( II ')

(1110)

, '(r;" )+ lip' ,

( 1111)

overconsolidated s~men is made up of two components. The first

com~~~.!,.!j!!2.1.is .p.~~~rtional to ~ean normal effective .tres,:-i.nfio

im\Y"be thouaht of as belna frictional by nature, while the s~ond compone-nt

M':":: lIlexp I(r-I!)/~D depe~ds only on the current specific volume, and the

nlue of certain soil constants, The form of the exponential term is such that

the ' second component' of strenath Increases as the specific volume of the

specimen decreases. Thus if two specimens were brought to failure in drained

tests at the same value of p' but at different specific volumes VI and vt , where

Vl >"~' tbe failure of the specimens would occur at different values ofq', a5

shown in 'Fig, 11-7. The lines AIBI and A,B. are sections of the Hvorslev

surface corresponding to the two specific voli.tmes "I and Vt.

We misbt expect shat samples at failure have progressed outwards as

far as they can in q': p' : "'pace, Therefore. we will now adopt as n working

hypothesi. the idea that the Hvonlev .urface is the .tale boundary surface

waY"itiltth~~ it9~oe

~mples,

q' - (M- II)exp

,,

y!'r ~C;* ~hat the Hvorsley and Roscoe ~tate boundary surfaces

antersect and that the line or intersection is the critical slate line.

B,

B,

"Tesl I

p'

FI ... re I I' Failure

~Iales

Example 11-1 Ca lculation of Ihe values of Ihe deviator stress al fail ure

for samples which fail on the HVOr1lev surface

Three samples A. B. a nd C are brought to failure on thu Hvonlcv surface

at the foll owing combinations of 11 and p' : Sample A. 11 - 1.90,

p' '"" 200 kN m- 1 ; Sample 8. 11 _ 1.90. p' _ SOO kN m- I ; Sample C,

/)-2.05, p' _ 200kNm- t The clay has N - 3.2S, .\ - 0.2, r - J.16,

M _ 0 .94. and II _ 0.615. Calculate the values of q' at failure of eack

sample.

Eq. (II-II )'

q' - (M - h)"p I(r-.)/ ~ I +hp'.

Table EU-l

s.mplo

A'

p ' (kN

q' (kN

m- 'l

m-' )

1.90

200

, 279

1:90

"'"

'"

c

2.o,

200

2<)]

- Finite Element Soil-Pile-Interaction Analysis of Floodwall in Soft ClayUploaded byYayuk Setiyowati
- Reinforced EarthUploaded byPhalgun Moturu
- Practical ApplicationsUploaded byIoan Profir
- Banerjee sUploaded byJorge Palomino
- Development of Shaft Friction on Driven Piles in Sand and ClayUploaded byyyanan1118
- Modelling cemented sand using DEMUploaded byDariusz Wanatowski
- Thesis (6).pdfUploaded byNilthson Noreña Valverde
- Bridging Geotechnical Engineering Education and Research on Education-PantazidouUploaded byAnonymous GnfGTw
- FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSMENT OF SHEAR STRENGTH PARAMETERS OF RESIDUAL TROPICAL SOILS.pdfUploaded byIAEME Publication
- tuto 3Uploaded bynurulselangor
- Civil 7 Sem SyllabusUploaded byLalit Bedi
- Effects of State Parameter, Fines Content, and Overburden Stress on CPT Resistance in Silty SandsUploaded byMatt St Hilaire
- Lecture(FEModelingforTunnel)[1]Uploaded bychouszesze
- 2DAnniversaryEdition 0 Gen InfoUploaded bymrloadmovie
- Shear-Strength-of-Soil.pdfUploaded byEmrePınarcı
- WebPEER 2014 16Uploaded bymamandawe
- Simpson Some Things Eurocode 7Uploaded byKew Mun Seng
- Foundation Engineering Culminating Design Project - Comparison of Shear Strength of Soil With Egg Shell, Soil With Plastic Fibers, And Plain SoilUploaded byEmmanuel Lazo
- DEM simulation of the behaviour of geogrid stabilised ballast fouled with coal.pdfUploaded byIonut Patras
- Final FileUploaded byMuzamil Kaleem
- UNIT 1 Bearing Capacity of Shallow FoundationUploaded byThirunagaru Sandeep Gupta
- Prelab Direct ShearUploaded bySharmaine Mercado
- 2.Theory of Shear Strength WEEK 2 1Uploaded byMAXO44
- ascife.27510.0002Uploaded bySérgio Bernardes
- DstUploaded byBgee Lee
- 2005_final.pdfUploaded byAbera Mamo
- TOWARDS MODELLING THE MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOURUploaded bylingamkumar
- Cmplx FootUploaded byPinapaSrikanth
- 5Uploaded byHari Ram
- Recycled Tire Chips Mixed With Sand as Lightweight Backfill MaterialUploaded byVicky Viĺlanueva-Umali

- Case Study on Diff SettlementUploaded bysravyasai13
- reraact2016ppt-170610082833Uploaded bysravyasai13
- Effects of Random Fibre Inclusion on Consolidation, k, Swelling EtcUploaded bysravyasai13
- Hdpe Fibres Reinforced Exp SoilsUploaded bysravyasai13
- Bro Soilrein Tcm31-10830Uploaded bysravyasai13
- 7 Human Population and the EnvironmentUploaded bysravyasai13
- mini pptUploaded bysravyasai13
- Smart AP Ver2.1 7th DecUploaded bysravyasai13
- Fundamentels of Remote SensingUploaded byNils Nölke
- Verma Et Al 2009Uploaded bysravyasai13
- Ws22 Simple Lumped MassUploaded bysravyasai13
- Design and Testing of Pile FoundationsUploaded byafrdhk
- EnvT 112Uploaded bysravyasai13
- Principal Stresses and Mohr CircleUploaded byJun Kang

- Competitive Structure of IndustriesUploaded byVipul Kumar
- Errectors Inc vs NLRC : 104215 : May 8, 1996 : J Puno : Second DivisionUploaded bymarlene
- 33Uploaded bydrmohamed120
- Motion for Reconsideration of Denial of Appellant's Motion for Appointment of CounselUploaded byJanet and James
- Crimpro Senga RecitUploaded byKim Laurente
- social studies lesson - grade 3 - communities in canada 1780-1850Uploaded byapi-390372450
- SP2 MM MAkati Emergency MSSUploaded byVincent De Vera
- Analisis Pola Tata Ruang Terbuka Tepian Sungai Winongo Di Kampung Budaya BangunrejoUploaded byJalu Tathit
- Stakeholders and Sustainable Corporate Governance in NigeriaUploaded bybastuswita
- Edu 500 Defining Learning Environment (1)Uploaded byJoseph Nikolai Chioco
- 7 days JOHNUploaded byJaroslaw
- Solution Chp 21 21-30Uploaded byMaulina Umi Rofiqoh
- The Power of MysteriesUploaded byMina VW
- Periodic Rhythmic Structures in Reich and LigetiUploaded byRafael González Diez
- aworldwithoutbanks-astudyon-161219161714Uploaded bympnahar
- 2-2Uploaded byThanhNN0312
- E-commerce - A Prospect or Threat for EnvironmentUploaded byTarunpaul Singh
- Texas Rules of Civil Procedure_part_7Uploaded byRicharnellia-RichieRichBattiest-Collins
- NMDC Annual Report 2010-11Uploaded byHrishikesh Darge
- The Christian Doctrine of GodUploaded byLuis Dizon
- Buying behaviour of GoldUploaded byAdnan Ali
- DH-1231Uploaded byThe Delphos Herald
- IDI Pins CatalogUploaded bysleon
- What Science is Really WorthUploaded byschnit50
- Government vs CabangisUploaded byRevz Lamoste
- Research methodology - unit 5 - Attitude measurementUploaded byFrancisca Rebello
- The Pursuit of Spirituality in the Darkling Thrush - Hashmi RafsanjaniUploaded byHashmi Rafsanjani
- D7 AT.pdfUploaded byStathis Moumousis
- Beurse en Lenings 2014 WEBUploaded byJwayne10
- Feel-The-future PhD Thesis KPUploaded byAnonymous GKqp4Hn