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FLOATING ROOFS-

APPENDIX C .

1 - DESIGN DATA .
Design Code .
Customer Specification.

API 650 , 11th Edition.

Design Specific Gravity .


Product Specific Gravity.

G=

0.9500
0.9500

Tank Internal Diameter ( at V1 ) Shell Height .


Design Height.

D=
HT =
H=

302.82
70.21
65.85

ft.
ft.
ft.

92.30
21.40
20.07

Distance between floating roof and shell.


Width of pontoon.
Number of external compartment.

Lw =
n=

9.84
248.03
44

in.
in.

250.00
6300.00

mm.
mm.

Height of pontoons under the deck level Total height of the pontoons ( external side ) Maximal height from top of pontoons to top angle.

hp =
hpt =
hpta =

6.50
41.73
37.60

in.
in.
in.

165.00
1060.00
955.00

mm.
mm.
mm.

Weight of floating roof with appurtenances -

Wr =

1,109,487

lb.

503,485

kg.

m.
m.
m.

C.3 - DESIGN.
C.3.1 GENERAL.
The roof and accesories shall be designed and constructed so that the roof is allowed to float to
the maximum design liquid level and then return to a liquid level that floats the roof welll below
the top of the tank shell without damage to any part of the roof, tank or appurtenances.
During such an occurrence , no manual attention shall be required to protect the roof, tank or
appurtenances.
If a windskirt or top-shell extension is used to contain the roof seals at the highest point of
travel, appropiate alarm devices shall be provided to indicate that the liquid level in the tank has
risen above the designed capacity height unless the tank shell has been designed for a liquid
height to the top of the shell extension.
The purchaser shall specify the indicator arrangement suitable for operating purposes.
Emergency overflow openings may be provided to protect the tank and floating roof from
damage.
C.3.3 DECKS.
C.3.3.1 Roofs in corrosive service , such as covering sour crude oil, should be the contact type
designed to eliminate the presence of any air-vapor mixture under the deck.
C.3.3.2 Unless oteherwise specified by the purchaser, all deck plates shall have a minimum
nominal thickness of 5 mm (3/16") - 37,4 kg/m 2 - 7.65 lb/ft2 C.3.3.4 Top decks sof double-deck roofs and of pontoon sections, which are designed with a
permanent slope for drainage ,shall have a minimum slope of 1 in 64 (3/16" in 12") and shall
preferably be lapped to provide the best drainage . Plate buckles shall be kept to a minimumC.3.4 PONTOON DESIGN .
C.3.4.1 Floating roofs shall have sufficient buoyancy to remain afloat on liquid with a specific
gravity of 0,7 and with primary drains inoperative for the following conditions:

2- FLOATING ROOF BUOYANCY 2.1 - BUOYANCY OF THE SINGLE-DECK FLOATING ROOF.


( API 650 Appendix C - C.3.4 ) The floating roof shall have sufficient buoyancy to remain afloat on a liquid with
specific gravity 0,7 , and with primary drains inoperative to the following
conditions:
1. Simple-deck and any two adjacents pontoon compartments punctured with no
water or live load ( C.3.4.1.b ) .
2. 10 inches of rainfall in a 24-hour period with the roofs intacts ( C.3.4.1.a ).

a - 250 mm (10 in ) of rainfall in a 24-hour period with the roof intact , except for double-deck
roofs provided with emergency drains to keep water to a lesser volume that the roof will safely
support.Such emergency drains shall not allow the product to flow onto thr roofb - Single-deck and any two adjacent pontoon compartments punctured in single-deck pontoon
roofs and any two adjacent compartments punctured in double-deck roofs, both roof types with
no water or live load-

2.1.1 - SINGLE-DECK AND TWO ADJACENT COMPARTMENTS PUNCTURED.

C.3.4.2 The pontoon portions of single-deck pontoon-type roofs shall be designed to have
adequate strength to prevent permanent distortion when the center deck is loaded by its design
rainwater (C.3.4.1 ,Item a ) or when the center deck and two adjacent pontoons are punctured
(C.3.4.1 Item b ) - If calculations are required by the purchaser , the allowable stress and
stability criteria shall be jointly established by the purchaser and the manufacturer as part of the
inquiry. Alternatively, a proof test simulating the conditions of C.3.4.1 , with the roof floating on
water , may be performed on the roof or on one of similar design that is equal or greater
diameter -

c - With agreement by the purchaser , item b may be replaced by the following for floating roofs
6 m (20 ft) in diametr or less : any one compartment punctured nd flooded in single-deck
pontoon roofs or double-deck roofs, both roof types with no water or live load.

hpta

2a
C

C.3.4.3 Any penetration of the floating roof shall not allow product to flow onto the roof under
design conditionsC.3.5 PONTOON OPENINGSEach compartment shall be provided with a liquid-tight manhole.
With agreement by the purchaser , floating roofs 6 m ( 20 ft ) in diameter or less may be
designed using a pontoon inspection port in place of a pontoon manholeEach compartment shall be vented to protect against internal or external pressure. Vents may
be in the manhole cover, inspection port cover , or the top deck of the compartment - The vents
shall be at an elevation that prevents liquid from entering the compartment under the conditions
of C.3.4 and shall terminate in a manner that prevents entry of rain and fire-fighting liquids-

hpt

R2

hp

d
R1

Lw

External radius of the floating roof.


Radius of the single-deck.

R1 =
R2 =

150.5906
129.9213

Half-angle of the circular sector of non-punctured


external compartment.
= (360 - ( 720 / 2 n ))/2

171.82

Floating surface area.


S = x ( R12 - R22 )

S=

17386.9428

ft2

1615.2998

m2

C = Center of gravity of the floating surface.


Distance from C to the center of the roof O :
d = (( 2/3 ) * SIN () * (( R13 ) - (R23 ))) / S

d=

6.6682

ft.

2.0325

m.

Moment of inertia of the ffloating surface / axis YY .


Iyy = (R14 - R24) * ( + SIN () * COS ()) / 4

ft.
ft.

45.9000
39.6000

m.
m.

degree.

2.9988

rad.

C.3.6 COMPARTMENTS Compartments plates are radial or circumferential dividers forming compartments that provide
flotation for the roof (see C.3.4 )- All internal compartment plates (or sheets) shall be singlefillet welded along all of their edges, and other welding shall be performed at junctions as
required to make each compartment liquid tight. Each compartment shall be tested for tightness
using internal pressure or a cacuum box and a soap solution or penetrating oilC.3.7 LADDERS Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser , the floating roof shall be supplied with a ladder
that automatically adjusts to any roof position so that accesss to the roof is always provided.
The ladder shall be designed for a full-roof travel , regardless of the normal setting of the roofleg supports. If a rolling ladder is furnished, it shall have full-length handrails on both sides and
shall be designed for a 4450N ( 1000 lbf ) midpoint load with the ladder in any operating
positionC.3.8 ROOF DRAINS The minimum-size drain shall be capable of preventing the roof from accumulating a water level
greater than design at the maximum rainfall rate specified by the purchaser for the roof when
the roof is floating at the minimum operating level; however, the drain shall not be smaller than
NPS 3 for roof with a diameter less than or equal 36 m ( 120 ft ) , or smaller than NPS 4 for
roofs with a diameter greater than 36 m ( 120 ft ) -

Moment of inertia of the floating surface / axis ZZ


Izz = Iyy - S * ( d2 )

Iyy =

163867077.20 ft4

1414332.62

m4

Izz =

163093963.32 ft4

1407659.89

m4

C.3.10 SUPPORTING LEGS.


C.3.10.1 The floating roof shall be provided with supporting legs. Legs fabricated from pipe
shall be notched or perforated at the bottom to provide drainage. The length of the legs shall be
adjustable from the top side of the roof. the operating and cleaning-position levels of the
sipporting legs shall be as specified on the purchaser order. The manufacturer shall make
certain that all tank apputenances , such as mixers , interior piping, and the fill nozzle , are
cleared by the roof in lowest position.

Plunging of the roof is divided into 2 parts:


- Uniform plunging due to the roof weight.
- Inclination due to the horizontal excentricity of the center of buoyancy B
compared with the center of gravity G - As B is on the same vertical line as C and G
as O , the excentricity is equal to "d" calculated above.
Uniform submerging :
Design specific gravity ( API 650 & C.3.4.1 ) .

0.7000

Displaced volume :
V = Wr / (0.7 * 62.4)

V=

25400.33

ft3

719.26

m3

V1 =

5051.30

ft3

143.04

m3

Uniform submerging of roof measured above the deck


.
c = ( V - V1 ) / S

c=

1.1704

ft.

0.3567

m.

Corresponding displaced volume .


V2 = V - V 1

V2 =

20349.03

ft3

576.22

m3

z(M) =

6420.94

ft.

1957.10

m.

Volume in pontoons below the level of the deck.


V1 = (R1 - R2 ) * ( hp / (12 x 12 x 2 )) * (( 2 * PI* (R 1 (( R1-R2 ) / 3))))

Vertical positon of the metacenter M ( center of


rotation ).
z(M) = Izz / V
The inclination is given by the equilibrium of
moments between weight ( applied in G ) and thrust
( applied in B ).
z(M) * SIN(i) = d .

SIN (i) =
i=

Maximal submerging of the roof .


( hp + c + ( R1 x SIN (i))

0.0010
0.0595

rad.
degree.

1.8681

ft.

0.5694

m.

1.5553

ft.

0.4741

m.

G
O

2.1.2 - ROOF INTACT WITH 10 INCHES OF WATER IN THE DECK.


Total height of water on the roof .

hw =

10.00

in.

0.2540

m.

Weight of water on the roof .


Ww = ( PI() x R22 ) x hw x 62.40

Ww =

2,757,488

lb.

1,253,554

kg.

Displaced Volume .

C.3.10.2 The legs and attachments shall be designed to support the roof and a uniform live
load of at leat 1,2 kPa ( 25 lbf/ft. 2 )- Where possible, the roof load shall be transmitted to the
legs through bulkheads or diaphragms. Leg attachments to single decks shall be given
particular attention to prevent failures at the points of attachments. Steel pads or other means
shall be used to distribute the leg loads on the bottom of the tank. If pads are used, they shall
be continuously welded to the bottom.
C.3.11 ROOF MANHOLESAt least one roof manhole shall be provided for access to the tank interior and for ventilation
when the tank is empty- The number of roof manholes shall be as specified by the purchaser .
Each manhole shall have a minimum nominal diameter of 600 mm ( 24 in )C.3.12 CENTERING AND ANTOROTATION DEVICES.
Suitable devices shall be provided to maintain the roof in a centered position and to prevent it
from rotating. These devices shall capable of resisting the lateral forces imposed by the roof
ladder, unequal snow loads , and wind loads.
C.3.13 SEALSThe space between the outer periphery of the roof and the tank shell shall be sealed by a
flexible device that provides a reasonably close fit to the shell surfaces.
C.3.14 GAUGING DEVICE Each roof shall be provided with a gauge hatch or gauge well with a tight cap that complies with
the design specified in the purchaser order.
C.4 FABRICATION , ERECTION, WELDING, INSPECTION, AND TESTING.
C.4.5 Drainpipe and hose systems of primary drains shall be tested with water at a pressure of
350 kPa ( 50 lbf/in2 ) gauge- During the rotation test, the roof drain valves shall be kept open
and observed for leakage of the tank contents into the drain lines.

Maximal Submerging of the Roof < hpt is OK


Minimal submerging of the roof .
( measured from the bottom of the pontoon ) .
( hp + c - ( R1 x SIN (i))
Minimal Submerging of the Roof > 0 is OK

C.3.9 VENTS Suitable vents shall be provided to prevent overstressing of yhe roof feck or seal membrane.
The purchaser should specify liquid withdrawal rates so that the fabricator may size the vacuum
vents . Vents, bleeder valves , or other suitable means shall be adequate to evacuate air and
gases from under neath the roof during initial filling-

V = ( Wr + Ww ) / ( 0.7 x 62.40 )

V =

88529.64

ft3

2506.88

m3

Floating Surface Area .


St = PI() x ( R12 )

St =

71243.51

ft2

6618.74

m2.

c=

1.1717

ft.

0.3571

m.

1.7131

ft.

0.5221

m.

Corresponding height of submerging above the deck.


c= ( V - V1 ) / St
Maximal submerging of the roof .
( Measured from the bottom of the pontoon ).
hp + c
Maximal Submerging of the Roof < hpt is OK

2.1.3 - CHECKING OF DESIGN HEIGHT OF LIQUID IN SERVICE.


Weight of floating roof with appurtenances.

Wr =

1109487

lb.

503485

kg.

Displaced Volume .
V = Wr / ( G x 62.40 )

V=

18716.04

ft3

529.98

m3

Volume in pontoons below the level of the deck.

V1 =

5051.30

ft3

143.04

m3

Floating Surface Area .

St =

71243.51

ft2

6618.74

m2

Submerging of roof measured above the deck .


c = ( V - V1 ) / St

c=

0.1918

ft.

0.0585

m.

0.7331

ft.

0.2235

m.

64.3322

ft.

19.6085

m.

lb.

503485

kg.

Submerging of the roof in service .


hp + c
Submerging of the roof in service < hpt is OK
Maximal height of liquid.
HT - hpta - hpt + ( hp + c )
Maximal height of liquid in service < H is OK

2.1.4 - CHECKING OF DESIGN HEIGHT IN HYDROSTATIC TEST .


Weight of floating roof with appurtenances.

Wr =

1109487

Specific gravity for water -

Gw =

1.0000

Displaced Volume .
V = Wr / ( 1 x 62.40 )

V=

17780.23

ft3

503.48

m3

Volume in pontoons below the level of the deck.

V1 =

5051.30

ft3

143.04

m3

Floating Surface Area .

St =

71243.51

ft2

6618.74

m3.

Submerging of roof measured above the deck .


c = ( V - V1 ) / St

c=

0.1787

ft.

0.0545

m.

Submerging of the roof in service .


hp + c
Submerging of the roof in service < hpt is OK

0.7200

ft.

0.2195

m.

Maximal height of liquid.


HT - hpta - hpt + ( hp + c )
Maximal height of liquid in service < H is OK

64.3191

ft.

19.6045

m.

THE FLOATING ROOF HAS A SUFFICIENT BUOYANCY

(condicin)
VERDADERO

3 - FLOATING ROOF SUPPORTS.


3.1 - DETERMINATION OF LOADS ON THE LEGS.
( As per drawings .)
External radius of the floating roof.
Radius of the single-deck.

R1 =
R2 =

150.5906
129.9213

ft.
ft.

45900
39600

mm.
mm.

1 - Support Radius.

ft.
mm.

Radius 8
147.0801
44,830

Radius 7
133.4646
40,680

Radius 6
108.4843
33,066

Radius 5
86.8438
26,470

Radius 4
64.4849
19,655

Radius 3
42.8445
13,059

Radius 2
22.9987
7,010

Radius 1
10.0000
3,048

1 - Support Radius.

ft.
mm.

Rang 8
147.0801
44,830

Rang 7
133.4646
40,680

Rang 6
108.4843
33,066

Rang 5
86.8438
26,470

Rang 4
64.4849
19,655

Rang 3
42.8445
13,059

Rang 2
22.9987
7,010

Rang 1
10.0000
3,048

147.0801
44830
150.5906
45900.00

133.4646
40680
140.2723
42755.00

108.4843
33066
120.9744
36873.00

86.8438
26470
97.6640
29768.00

64.4849
19655
75.6644
23062.50

42.8445
13059
53.6647
16357.0000

22.9987
7010
32.9216
10034.5000

10.0000
3048
16.4993
5029.0000

2 - Supported Section :
0.0000

0uter Radius .

ft.
mm.

150.5906
45,900

140.2723
42,755

120.9744
36,873

97.6640
29,768

75.6644
23,063

53.6647
16,357

32.9216
10,035

16.4993
5,029

Inner Radius .

ft.
mm.

140.2723
42,755

120.9744
36,873

97.6640
29,768

75.6644
23,063

53.6647
16,357

32.9216
10,035

16.4993
5,029

0.0000
0

ft.
mm.

10.3182
3,145

19.2979
5,882

23.3104
7,105

21.9997
6,706

21.9997
6,706

20.7431
6,323

16.4222
5,006

16.4993
5,029

Lw =

20.6693

Outer Radius - Inner Radius =

ft.

6300.00

mm.

hpta

2a
C

hp

hpt

R2

R1

Lw

Roof Area
Deck Area

ft
mm
ft
mm

Section 8
140.27
42,755

Section 7
129.92
39,600
120.97
36,873

Section 6

Section 5

Section 4

Section 3

Section 2

Section 1

97.66
29,768

75.66
23,063

53.66
16,357

32.92
10,035

16.50
5,029

0.00
0

2-1 Roof Area.

ft.2
m2.

9428.53
875.94

8786.37
816.28

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

2-2 Deck Area.

ft.2
m.2

0.00
0.00

7052.01
655.15

16011.26
1487.49

11979.42
1112.92

8938.45
830.41

5642.52
524.21

2549.72
236.88

855.23
79.45

25 lb/ft2 =
1N=

1197
0.2248

3- Uniform live load. ( API 650 &


C.10.3.2 ) = 25 lb/ft2 .

N.
lbf.

1 Kgf m / seg2 =
1 kg =

9.8067
2.2046

Nm.
lb.

3-1 Roof Area .

lb.
N.

235713
1048505

219659
977093

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

3-2 Deck .

lb.
N.

0
0

176300
784223

400282
1780541

299486
1332178

223461
994005

141063
627479

63743
283544

21381
95106

4-1 Roof.

lb.
N.

272068
1210219

247824
1102375

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4-2 Deck.

lb.
N.

0
0

57577
256114

130725
581496

97807
435068

72979
324626

46069
204924

20818
92601

6983
31060

4-3 Roof Stiffeners.

lb.
N.

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4-4 Deck Stiffeners.

lb.
N.

0
0

0
0

35409
157505

20366
90594

16938
75344

12031
53515

5313
23634

765
3403

4-5 Rolling Ladder ( Over deck. ).

lb.
N.

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4-6 Appurtenances .

lb.
N.

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

Total Weight ( Dead Loads ) .

lb.
N.

272068
1210219

305400
1358489

166134
739001

118173
525662

89917
399970

58099
258439

26131
116235

7748
34463

lb.
N.

507781
2258724

701360
3119805

566416
2519542

417659
1857840

313378
1393975

199162
885918

89874
399779

29128
129569

44

44

60

40

32

24

7- Weight of a Support.

lb.
N.

147
655

147
655

212
945

212
945

212
945

212
945

212
945

212
945

8- Total Weight. ( Item 5 + ( Item 7 x


Item 6 )) .

lb.
N.

514260
2287544

707839
3148625

579162
2576242

426157
1895640

320176
1424215

204261
908598

91786
408284

29766
132404

9- Total Load per Support.

lb.
N.

11688
51990

16087
71560

9653
42937

10654
47391

10006
44507

8511
37858

10198
45365

9922
44135

Maximum load on a pontoon support :

MLP =

16087

lb.

71560

N.

Maximum load on a deck support :

MLD =

10654

lb.

47391

N.

4 - Weights. ( As per drawings. )

5- Live Loads + Dead Loads.


Total Weight.

6- Number of Supports.

3.2 - CHECKING OF DECK SUPPORTS.


Checking of the legs in compression.
The checking is made in compression as per API 650 & AISC .
Material for Column.
Supporting Leg.
Diameter .
Thickness ( ordered ).
Corrosion.
Minimal Thickness in Operation.
Section .
Moment of Inertia.
Radius of Gyration.
Tensile Strength of Column @ ambient Temperature.

API 5L B

r=

3"
3.50
0.2160
0.0000
0.2160
2.2300
3.0200
1.1600

std
in.
in.
in.
in.
in2
in4
in.

TS =

60000

YS =

35000

Cc =

127.45

D=
CA =
t=
S=

88.90
5.49
0.00
5.49
1438.71
1257018.91
29.46

mm.
mm.
mm.
mm.
mm2
mm4
mm.

lb/in2

413.69

Mpa.

lb/in2

241.32

Mpa.

Yield strength of Column @ ambient Temperature.


(API STD 650 -Item 3.10.3.4)
Cc = (( 2 x PI2 x E ) / YS) 0.5
( Table B5.1 AISC )
Description of Element :
( Circular hollow sections in axial compression )

Width thickness ratio = D / t .

D/t=

Limiting Width-Thickness Ratio.


3300 / ( YS / 1000 )

16.20

94.29

THE COLUMN IS NOT A SLENDER ELEMENT.


Maximal Length of Leg ( 100 mm in the 4" pipe
included ).

L=

45.4724

Effective Length Factor . K .


( Table C-C2.1 AISC )

K=

2.10

82.32
Cc > ( K x L / r ) IS OK

E=

28800000

Ag =
Fy =
E=
K=
l=
r=

2.2300
35.00
28800
2.10
45.4724
1.1600

Slenderness Ratio.

(KxL)/r

in.

1155.00

mm.

lb/in2

198569.06

Mpa.

in2
ksi.
ksi.

1438.71
241.32
198569.06

mm2
Mpa.
Mpa.

in.
in.

1155.00
29.46

mm.
mm.

API 650 - Item 3.10.3.3 - Maximum Slenderness RatioFor columns , the value L/r shall not exceed 180.

THE SLENDERNESS RATIO IS RESPECTED


Elasticity Modulus at Ambient Temperature.
( Table M-2 API 650 )
AISC - E.2 DESIGN COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH FOR
FLEXURAL BUCKLING.
Gross Area of Members.
Specified Yield Stress.
Modulus of Elasticity.
Effective Length Factor.
Laterally Unbraced Length of Member.
Governing Radius of Gyration about the Axis of
Buckling.
(E2-4)

(( K x l ) / ( r x PI )) x( ( Fy / E )05) =

( E2-2) , ( E2-3)
Allowable Stress in Compression
( Fa = Ag x Fcr x 0.85 )

0.9135
0.8344
Fcr =

24682

lb/in2

170.18

Mpa.

Fa =

46786

lb.

208113

N.

Lw =
Ws =

10.9956
0.1969

in.
in.

279.29
5.00

mm.
mm.

Ss1 =

6961

Lw =
Ws =

76.5354
0.1969

1944.00
5.00

mm.
mm.

Ss2 =

1000

Lw =
Ws =

33.7795
0.1969

858.00
5.00

mm.
mm.

Ss3 =

2266

D=

3" Std.
3.50
0.2165

88.90
5.50

mm.
mm.

Fa > MLD ; LEG IS OK.

Checking of the fillet welds at pipe supporting plates .


Length of weld of pipe 3" on pipe 4". ( As per drawing. )
Fillet weld size ( leg dimension )
Shear Stress :
( MLD / (( Ws / 20.5 ) x Lw ))
Ss1 < 18000 psi- WELD IS OK
Length of weld of gussets on pipe 4" ( As per drawing. )
Fillet weld size ( leg dimension )
Shear Stess :
( MLD / (( Ws / 20.5 ) x Lw ))
Ss2 < 18000psi - WELD IS OK
Length of weld of plate on deck ( As per drawing ).
Fillet weld size ( leg dimension )
Shear Stress :
( MLD / (( Ws / 20.5 ) x Lw ))
Ss3 < 18000 psi - WELD IS OK

lb/in2

in.
in.
lb/in2

in.
in.
lb/in2

3.3 - CHECKING OF PONTOON SUPPORTS .


The checking is made in compression as per API 650 & AISC .
Material for Column.
Supporting Leg.
Diameter .
Thickness ( ordered ).

API 5L B

in.
in.

Corrosion.
Minimal Thickness in Operation.
Section .
Moment of Inertia.
Radius of Gyration.
Tensile Strength of Column @ ambient Temperature.

CA =
t=
S=
r=

0.0000
0.2165
2.2300
3.0200
1.1600

in.
in.
in2
in4
in.

0.00
5.50
1438.71
1257018.91
29.46

mm.
mm.
mm2
mm4
mm.

TS =

60000

lb/in2

YS =

35000

413.69

Mpa.

lb/in2

241.32

Mpa.

Cc =

127.45

D/t=

16.16

0.00

mm.

lb/in2

198569.06

Mpa.

in.2
ksi.
ksi.

1438.71
241.32
198569.06

mm2
Mpa.
Mpa.

in.
in.

0.00
29.46

mm.
mm.

Yield strength of Column @ ambient Temperature.


(API STD 650 -Item 3.10.3.4)
Cc = (( 2 x PI 2 x E ) / YS) 0.5
( Table B5.1 AISC )
Description of Element :
( Circular hollow sections in axial compression )
Width thickness ratio = D / t .
Limiting Width-Thickness Ratio.
3300 / ( YS / 1000 )

94.29

THE COLUMN IS NOT A SLENDER ELEMENT


Maximal Length of Leg ( 100 mm in the 4" pipe
included ).

L=

0.0000

Effective Length Factor . K .


( Table C-C2.1 AISC )

K=

2.10

0.00
Cc > ( K x L / r) IS OK

E=

28800000

Ag =
Fy =
E=
K=
l=
r=

2.2300
35.00
28800
2.10
0.0000
1.1600

Slenderness Ratio.

(KxL)/r

in.

API 650 - Item 3.10.3.3 - Maximum Slenderness RatioFor columns , the value L/r shall not exceed 180.

THE SLENDERNESS RATIO IS RESPECTED


Elasticity Modulus at Ambient Temperature.
( Table M-2 API 650 )
AISC - E.2 DESIGN COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH FOR
FLEXURAL BUCKLING.
Gross Area of Members.
Specified Yield Stress.
Modulus of Elasticity.
Effective Length Factor.
Laterally Unbraced Length of Member.
Governing Radius of Gyration about the Axis of
Buckling.
(E2-4)

(( K x l ) / ( r x PI )) x( ( Fy / E )05) =

( E2-2) , ( E2-3)
Allowable Stress in Compression
( Fa = Ag x Fcr x 0.85 )

0.0000
0.0000
Fcr =

35000

lb/in2

241.32

Mpa.

Fa =

66343

lb.

295106

N.

Lw =

49.5276

in.

1258.00

mm.

Ws =

0.1969

in.

5.00

mm.

Ss =

2334

Fa > MLP ; LEG IS OK

Checking of the fillet welds at pipe supporting plates .


Length of weld of pipe 4" on reinforcing plate - ( As per
drawing. )
Fillet weld size ( leg dimension )
Shear Stress :
MLP / (( Ws / 20.5 ) x Lw )
Ss < 18000 psi - WELD IS OK

lb/in2