USD(I

)

203

'f'OP SBOH'i'
EA: All conferees

please

stand b¥.

EA: All conferees

please

stand b¥.

DDO: NORAD/USSPACECOM.
This is

the

HORAe: HORAn has no information,
Roger. We have dated

DDO:

want to update.
have

And, it

viciDity

has to do with basically

than the three

and just
what we

we were discussing

in the

NORAD,
DDO; you get the request?

NORAD:
Stand by,
pop up in Alaska.

sir.

:I just

preliminary

information

only.

6331 north;

15236 west;

basically

altitude

6,000 feet.

information

:I have.

we've got no information

:It's

by the

unknown

Alaska

:I can give you

COMM's:ID 0273, the position
central

Alaska at a speed

And again.

that's

all

not been Ops Worthy here and

from Alaska because

....::c:.:OIIl8==---:i:::ll:::.t::::..::OJ
the system~_~

this

has just

.

DDO:Roger, appreciate
over the continental

had a. fourth

:It has not been briefed

to the COllllDalld
Center yet.

of 154 knots,

.

information

of Alaska.
DDO:

the

sir.

in the air and also to confirm. that we have no

unknowns other

region

DDO.

that.

We have no UDknowns

United States?

NORAD:
That'S

affirmative,

unknowns over the continental

u.S.

'POP SBeuR

sir.

There are no

USD(I)

204
'fOP SBeRE'!'

DDO:Roger. And also,

just

recap basically

we have of the DC CAP, New York CAPand also
airborne
area

in the vicinity

what

what' s

of Air Porce One or circling

the

of the route.
NORAD:Stand by, sir.

information
here

I'm still

waiting

for

on Air Force One moving. We don' t have anything

other

than

just

preliminary

STRATCOII:
Break,

break;

reports,

sir.

DDO, STRATCOM.

DDO:S'l'RATCOII,
DOO.
STRATCOM:
We have the understanding
President

is airborne.
DOO:Roger,

Washington,

Air Force One is
sir.

that

airborne.

And, understand

en route

STRATCOM:
That's

our understanding.

noo:

Thank you much.

Roger,

we did just

airborne
_________________________

on their

sir.

continued
they're

talk

confirming

to Air Force One and they

~~ur

_

And NORAD,DDO. I need to confirm. the

work on that
&1so providing

HMX-Onealso.

are

way to Andrews Air Force Base.

DDO:-.!oge_!:.~
__
~~is__~s the DDO.Appreciate

confirmation.

back to

D.C.

VENUSCONTROL:
This is Venus Control
that

the

CAP. We need to make sure
the CAPprovided

that

over the BELOS

from

USD{I)

205

TOP SZCltET
NORAD: Roger.
DDO: Again, I said HMX-One. Make sure the CAP is
also over the helicopter.
NORAD: NORAD copies.
COL MCKOWN: Hello. This is Col JlcKown. Are you
being helped?
DDO: This is the DDO.
HORAD: DOO, this is HORAD.
DDO: NORAD, DDO.
HORAn: Roger. Say location of helicopters

requesting CAP support.
DDO: Say again your request.
HORAn: Say location of helicopters requesting CAP
support.
DDO: Roger. ma-One

and Helos are the ones that

are basically located in the vicinity of Anacostia and
Andrews Air Force Base and Pentagon as far as the route
They move the POTOS. We need to make sure there's a CAP
over that area when they start moving.
HORAn: Roger, we currently have a CAP over the
Washington, D.C. area, sir.
000: Roger, then we're in good shape. Especially
monitor the President's Helos as they start moving.

'!'OP SBCU"f

We'll

USD(:I)

206

'!OF SECRE'!
be able to tell you when that's happening through this
conference.
HORAn: RORAn copies.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
NORAD: Break, break, NORAD with an input.
DDO: This is DOO, go ahead.
NORAD: Yes, sir. NORAn currently tracking four
unknown tracks in the Alaska !lORAn Region. All tracks due
to speed and altitude appear to be probably local bush
pilots in prop aircraft that might Dot have received the
word yet about SCATANA and the events occurring in the
Alaskan NORAD Region. We're going to continue· to monitor.
However, Alaska has deferred tactical action at this time
due to possible ID's on all of these contacts as possible
small craft aircrafts. HORAD complete.
DDO: DDO copy.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
-

----.------

EA.:

All conferees please stand by.

EA.:

All conferees stand by.

EA.:

All conferees stand by.

EA:

All conferees stand by.

EA: All conferees please stand by.

'fO~ SEClUn'

USD(I)

207

fOP SECRIJIP
DDD: Marine OPs Center, DDO. Last calling
station, you're coming in garbled. EA, please confirm that
the Marine OP Center is still. in the conference.
EA:

EA,

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

roger.
this is DDO 1

DDO,

1. We had dropped

off but we're back up on net.
DDO:
EA:

This is DDO coming on. Roger.
All conferees please stand by.

EA: All

conferees please stand. by.

DOO: Sir, DDO.
LT. COL. MASIELLO: Hi, this is Lt. Col. Masiello
in the Chair.man's office. The Chairman is on the ground and
he has departed Andrews. ETA here is probably

about 20

mics.
DDO:

Great. i"hanks.

L~. COL. MASIELLO: Out here.
NORAD:

Center about an unknown contact lS

nautical mi1es south of Saginaw, Michigan. And, if so, are
we responding with our Chicago based CAP?
Stand by, sir.
NORAD:

Roger.

coordinates
!lORAD:

nat'

15 miles south of Saginaw?
8

correct. 1: hope.

U'SD(I}

208
'lOP SEeRlR

reports

DDO:HORAD,this

is

NORA»:Yes, sir.

Stand by. Yes, we're

from Cleveland

of Saginaw, Michigan.
in fact,

see that

Center

15 miles,

an unknown contact

the DDO.Can you repeat.

through
that

is

getting

the FAA, that
one, five

miles

Looking for confirmation

that

we have

south
we do,

unknown.and confirmation.

TAPE #5, SIDE:2
EA: All conferees

please

stand by.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

by.

DDO:Air Porce· Ops, DDO.
AIR FORCEOPS: Air Porce Ops.
DDO:Can you confirm that
hospi tal

en route

there'S

a hundred bed

to McGuire and Andrews.

AIR FORCEOPS: Can confirm what? You were broken.
DDO:That a hundred bed hospital

is

on its

way to

McGuire and Andrews Air Force Bases.

Am FORCEOPS: Okay, one more time. Whois en
route?
DDO: A one hundred bed hospital.
AIR FORCEOPS: Okay.
CORR:sir,
sector

this

is

is working the issue.

CORR,the northeast
We don't

defense

have anything

now.

USD(I)

209
'fOP SECRET

He's standing

by.

RORAn:CORRthis
indications

at this

is NORAD.
Understand you have

no

time?

CORR: That's

right.

No contact

yet,

sir.

Roger.

HORAn:

DIX>: And. DOC, what is the source of information
on this

contact?
RAOC:Say again,

please.

DDO:Roger. Just

trying

source was of this

contact.

to find

What is

out what the

the soUrce of the

iDformationissued?
RAOC:This came to us through our FAA rep.
the infoxmation

from the 1oca1 center.

DDO:FAAare you online?
confirm that

lie got

FAA is

still

(pause)

EA please

on1ine.

EA.:

EA, roger.

EA.:

Break, break,

EA double checking

FAA.

DDO: Roger.
Break, break.
DDO: Sir,

DDO.

LT. COL. MASIELLO:
Hi, this

is

Lt.

Col. Masiello.

/

I just

got off

the phone with the Chairman. Be's

want to survey the damage before

it

gets

dark.

going to

:Is there

OSD{I)

210
TOP SECftET
somebody available that can link up with him when he comes
in the building to take him out there if he wants to go to
the site?
DDO: Stand by. {pause} We're going to have

someone call you back on another line. X have the
conference on this phone.
LT. COL. MASIELLO: Okay.
DDO: But yeah, we're running
Do

someone down now.

you expect him to be about ten minutes?
LT. COL. MASIELLO: Five or ten minutes.
DDO: Roger.
LT. COL. KASIELLO: Okay, great. '!'hanksa lot.

OUt here.
0:

Break, break. DDO, White Bouse is wOrking

bringing FAA back

OD

up.

DDO: Roger, appreciate

it.

EA: DIX>, White Rouse trying to contact FAA.
DDO: DDO, roger.

CONK: This is CONR calling Northeast Air Defense
Sector. There is no contact with Saginaw air.plane. The
Chicago CAP is in place. We're monitoring

that. CORR. out.

DDO: CORR, this is DDO. I need to confi~.

understand

the CAP is up in that vicinity

TO» SECRET.

X

and they don't

080(1)

211
'fOP SIlCRB'l'
monitor anything or

YOU

see anything on that unknown?

CORR: That's correct, sir.
DDO:

Roger.

CORR: Still following up and no contact as of
yet. Chicago CAP is in place.
ODO:

Roger. This is DDO. Keep us infoxmed.

CONR: Roger. COD
EA: ~l
DDO:

standin.g by.

con.ferees please stand by.

Sir, DDO.

LT. COL. MASIELLO: Hi, it's Lt. Col. Masiello
with the Chairman's office. He said he'S about five minutes
out. The first thing he'S going to want to do is inspect
the damage to the building when he gets here, OK? And, then
when he comes
ODO:

okay. Which entrance is he coming into?

LT. COL. MASrELLO: He'S coming into the River
eAtrance so if samebody's out there -- I don't know what
the best way to go, if it's better to drive over there or
to walk him around. I'm not sure, OK? J:: don't know enough
about the outside of the building, which way woul.d be
faster to get to it. The other thing if you could pass on
to the Director, that when he gets back in here after he's
looked at the building and surveyed the damage he wants to

'lOP SECREt'

USD(I)

212
TOP SECRE'f'

meet for a few minutes with the (J2), the (J3) and the
Director following

-- he's going to want to meet with the

Vice first thing but then right after that he wants to meet
with the two, the three and the Director.
DDD:

Okay, and we don' t know haw long

it's going

to take him to walk around.
LT.

COL.

KASIELLO:

Yeah, if it's a walk around,

how long is that going to be? :I don't know but figure 20 or
30 minutes.

DDO: Okay. We'll call you right back.
LT.

COL.

MASIELLO:

If you can pass that along.

Out here.
CENTCOM:

DDO, CENTCOH.

DDO: CENTCOH, DDO.
CEN'l'C0I4:

the movements

Roger, sir. Are you going to poll us for

in regards to the event or do you want them

passed down?
DDO: Roger. I was off the net for a second. What
are you referring
CEHTCOM:

to?
You had asked for potential movements

regards to the event that has occurred.
DDO: Affir.mative, the event •
.CEN'l'CO)J:CENTCON is ready to pass.

in

213

USD{I)
TOP SECHT

DDO: Is it fairlY len~thy?
CENTCOM: No, sir, just a few.
DDO: Roger, please send it.
CEN'l'COM:

I E.O.

I---~-----'

13526, section 1.4(a)

I

and we are attempting to move CINe CENT from

Souda Bay ~ck
DDO:

to MacDillAir
YOU

Force Base.

said attempt to move the CINC back to

where and are you having problems making that happen?
CENTCON: No, sir. It's being planned right now.
He is in Souda Bay. This is a planned TDY on his way to the
AOR and he is currently, like

I

said in Souda, and we're

working on ~etting him back to NacDil1.
DDO: Roger. That's good information.

Thanks for

the update.
CEN'l'CON:·
CEH'l'COH·
complete.
WBI~E HOUSE: DDO, White House.
DDO:_ White House, DDO .•

._ __

WHITE BOUSE: ~er,

I

-

__

.

..

.

._.

have FAA back on the line.

DDO: Roger. Stand by. understand
WBrJ.'E

..__ __ -

BOUSE: Roger.

FAA: FAA.

1'01' SEed"r

FAA.

_. ,,_._,.'.0.--'---' _

USD(I}

214
TOP SECRE'l'
DDO: FAA, ODO. What we're looking for was
confirmation

on the unknown that we had in the vicinity

Saginaw, Michigan. Right now we have a

CAP

reporting

of

that

they don't see anything in this area. Can you confirm?
FAA: Negative. Stand by.
EA: All conferees please stand b.Y.
EA: All conferees please stand b.Y.
MORAD: Break, break, NORAD with an update.
ODO: BORAD, ODO, provide your uPdate.
HORAn: Roger, sir. We've got four unknown tracks
in the Alaskan HORAD region. Three of those four tracks,
all three with the exception of the northernmost

track

right up at the north end of Alaska have faded out of radar
coverage.

This supports our assumption

local bush pilots and propeller

that these were

aircraft. They just did not

receive the word about the events in Alaska. ODce we get
any sort of verification

on that we will update. However,

at this time they have faded out of radar coverage with the
exception of the northernmost

route.

DDO: Roger. And, if I: understand

the northermDOst

track was a slow mover. Was that the 0255?
HORAn: That was 0254, sir.
DDO: Roger,. yeah J: have that one too, 0254.

UBD(I)

215
!POP SEem§'
Okay. That's

basically

a slow mover.

NORAn:Roger.
DOO:Understand

and keep us posted.

NORAD:WILCO.
DDO:NORAn,DOO.
NORAD:NORAD,sir.
DDO: Did you determine

how long you plan

to keep

CAPs over D.C. and New York?
NORAD:It's
DDO:

undetermined

at

Roger. Whose guidance

key.

We have a lot

now and we are going to Deed that

sir.
from?

sir.

If you can find

of heavy hitters

paint,

a.re you working

RORAD:crsc NORAD
guidance,
DDO: Roger.

this

out tha.t's

pretty

moving back in the
CAPup there

area

pretty

quickly.
NORAD:Roger~ Understood,

sir.

DDO:And. currently.

request

that

is

coming from.

the White House.
~

..

.__
EA.i
.. All ~_~nf~~ees .please

s.~~d ~.~

.

J:A: All conferees

please

stand

by.

EA: All

please

stand

by.

conferees

Can you give me a number of
EA: All conferees

please

comm

stand

WOP SECaBIP .

~.

Center?

..

.

.

.

USD{I)

216

TOP SEeH'f
EA: All conferees

please

stand by.

DDO: NORAD, DDO.
NORAD: NORA», go ahead,

sir.

DDO:HORAD, are you running down that
CAP? The White House has been told
on station

until

at least

HORAn:

Washington,

Stand by,

DDO: Roger.
NAOC:

it's

of

go.ing to be

noon tomorrow. Can you confirm?

NORAD: Which CAPagain,
DIX>: The

that

list

D.

sir?

c.

CAP.

sir.

Standing

NAOC tertiary

NORA]):DDO,this

by.

here

in the

conference.

is BORAD.

DDOz HORAn,DDO.·
NOKAO:
The CINe
right

now. I'll

let

is being questioned

you know as

SOOD

DDO:Roger. We're standing

as we get

please

stand

~.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

~.

_____________________________________________________
~_~__~~l ~~~~~_;'_E!.~~~lease
_s~and bY..~
EA: All conferees

please

stand

by.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

~.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

by.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

by.

S'ElCJm':r

that

an answer.

by.

EA: All conferees

IJ.IE)p

about

.

_

USD(I)

217
'!'Oil SECRET

EA: All conferees please stand by.
EA:

All conferees please stand by.

EA: All conferees

stand by.

EA:

All conferees please stand by.

EA:

All conferees

EA:

This is the Command Center. All conferees

EA:

This is the Congnand Center. All conferees

stand by.

stand by.

stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center. All conferees
stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center. All conferees
stand by.
0:

This is the Command Center. All conferees

stand by.
NORAD:

Break, NORAD/USSPACECON

DDO: NORAD/USSPACE,
NaRAD: I

with an input.

DDO, say your input.

want to verify that COD is on this

--------------------------con£ereDce-.-------------------------------------CONR.:

con

._.

is up.

NORAD: Roger. JUst got information
rep that Air Force One is inbound to Andrews
to land at 2250 Zulu time

·IL__

-=I

from our PAA
Air Force Base

=E="O="=1=35=2=6::::, s=e=ct=io=D=l=.4=(a=)::::.....1

_

_

UBDeI)

218

I

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

I

OORR: CORR copies all. I'll let the Commander

know now, sir.
'CONK: Copy.
EA: "l'his is the Command

Center. All conferees

stand by.

I E.O. 13526, section

1.4(a)(g)

'%'01'SI!Clt!!T

I

USD(I)

219
'1'0. SECRH

I

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

HORAn: Break, NORAD/USSPACE has an input.

DDO: NORAD/C"SSPACE, DDO. State your input.
NORAD: Sir, at 2123 CCOM's ID 0283 in A,laska was
declared unknown. Alaska diverted

two F-1Ss from CAP with

an intercept time of 2126 Zulu. At 2127 Zulu CCOM's ID
0283, same aircraft, was identified

as one US Cessna tail

dragger type aircraft. Current position

is 232 degrees,

164

nautical miles from King Sa1mon. AHa believes this flight
not a threat.
DDO: This is the DDO. Thanks for that update.
HAec: noo, RAOC tertiary.
DDO: This is the DDO. Sir, you have traffic.
HAOC: Doo, this is the EAO aboard the HAOC
tertiary. We're getting queried by ATe about our arrival
back into Andrews. If you could pass to the FAA that our
call sign ADDIS77 is inbound to Andrews for landing and
/

clear that with ATe. We need that done immediately.

-------------_.-------_._---------------

DDO: Roger. Confir.m ADDIS77
NAOC: Roger. ADDIS77

is the call sign?

is our call sign~ We are

inbound to Andrews at this t~.
DDO: Roger. Do you have an ETA?

'lei'

OVer.
-------------

SECMl'l'

tJSO(J:}

220
'fap SHCRE'!
RAOC:ETA 2200 Zulu.
DDO: Roger.

We'll

make sure

HAOC:RAOCTertiary.

Roger.

that

that's

done.

Thank you.

ODO: HORAn,ODO.
NORAD:NORAD,go ahead.
000: Would you monitor
D-Z-S77 is

the

call

Air Force Base at
cleared

sign.

ADDJ:S77.That's

Zs scheduled

2200. will

as they move into

to arrive

you be sure

the

that

at Andrews

they

are

area?

MORAD:
Roger,

sir.

000: stand

to confir.m type

~

1-0-

What flight

platform
flight

is

this?

level.

ADDZS77,000.
ODO, is

that

ODO: Roger.

the DOC that's

J: believe

000: EA please

confirm

so.

ADDJ:S77?

Stand bY. RAOC,DDO.

that

N1LOC
is

still

on the

net.
EA: Break,

break,

We're going to verify

_____
.. . ._ _ _._.
__
._
. _._._
_.._._._.
__
.
_ ~;

_lt~~;'_·.

EA.: Break,
online?
the

(pause)

that

This

this

is

NAOCis

the EA. Stand by,
still

..__
.._ _._
.._._ .

break,

this

is

cODIIIIalld

the

is

is

the

-'-

Center.

ODO.

'POP BBCHT

on.

..___
.
_._._
..-.--..--..- -.---- --.-.-.

the EA. HAOCare you

line?
ODO: DOC this

sir.

NAOCare

you on

221

USD(I)
'f'OP SBCRBI!'

EA: Break, break, this is the EA. We're still
continuing

to have problems

with NAOC. Stand by while we

try to add them back in the conference,

sir.

DDO: Roger, standing by.
HAOC: This is NAOC Primary.

Stand by for the

Battle Staff.
EA: This is the command Center. All conferees
stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center. All conferees
stand by.
EA: This is the command center. All conferees
stand by.
DDO: HORAn, DDO.
HORAD: HORAn, go ahead, sir.
DDO: Roger. Do you have any aircraft

that are on

strip alert in support of ,the CAPs that are up?
HORAn: That are on what alert, sir?
DDO: Roger, strip alert.
______________________________ ~ORAn: you~.;:~_
cqmi !I,g' through broken,

sir. X still

didn't make out.
DDO: Roger. The question

again is· do you have any

aircraft on strip alert in support of the CAPS that are up?
HORAn:

Stand by, sir. I don't believe

'roP

SECRB'P

so. I'll

OSD(I)

222
TOP SEClt!."l'

check.
up.

(pause)

Sir,

we have no one on strip

We're down at our regular

The only thing

we have real

DDO:Roger.
are you back in the

alert

RPI status

active

is

Thank you for

at

the

or suit-

our AFAbases.

CAPs.
NAOC,noo,

the update.

conference?

HAOC:DDOwere you calling
DDO: Roger.

Actually,

HAOCprimary?

any HAOCelement.

trying

to confir.m the type of aircraft

That's

A-D-D-I-S77,

that

We're

ADDIS77is.

which is inbound to Andrews Air Force

Base.
HAOC:
. That is
trying

to get

into

Understand

RAOC:That's
DDO: Roger.

Understand,

it's

an E4B?

E4B.

HORAD
copies.

And, that's

correct,

.

.

EA: This

is

the

C()JDD!BDd
Center.

All

conferees

EA.: This

is

the

COIIIIIIaDd
Center.

All

conferees

by.

by.

same

sir •

~RADL RQg~~, thank y:ou.

stand

the

as a Boeing 747, correct?
HAOC:That is

stand

are

E4B.

HORAn:Roger.

.

HAOCand they

Andrews.

DDO: Roger.

airframe

the tertiary

.

_

OSD(I)

223

stand

stand

stand

stand

stand

stand

EA: This is

the CommandCen.ter.

All conferees

EA:This

is

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

EA: This is

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

EA.: This is

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

EA: This is

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

EA: This is

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

by.

by.

by.

by.

by.

by.
NIGHTHAWK
CONTROL:
PEOC, This

Control.

Are you on the
EA: This is

stand

line?

the CommandCenter.

All conferees

by.
Nobody is answering

the phone down there.

put you out to the JOC, to the personnel
_____________

is Night Hawk

probab!y_ he!p_~~~~~_~~~_~

folks.

I'll

They'll

this _okay ~S~~~~~~_~ti~~

_

with me?
DDO:This is
reach?

Last

calling

the DDO.Who are

station

EA: This is

you trying

who are you trying

the CommandCenter.

'liSP SBORE'!'

to

to reach?

All conferees

224
stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center. All conferees
stand by.
(END OF TAPE #5)

CER'l'IPICA'l'E
. DEPOSIT:IOH SDVl:CES,

INC.,

hereby certifies that

the attached pages represent an accurate transcript of the
electrQnic sound recording of the proceedings
Conference on September 11, 2001.

of the DDO

OSD(1)

153
!.POP SECRE'1'
light flight aircraft requesting take off or landing
clearance. 'That is from CINe NORAD an amendment to SCA.'l'ANA
so that the light flight aircraft can complete their
mission.
DDO: FAA, please acknowledge.
FAA: DDO, I can't understand. understand
aircraft can depart and land if they're ona

that

certain kind

of mission?
DDO: Roger. What he stated was any light flight
aircraft can take off and land. An amendment to SCATANA.
Again, that is an amendment to SCATANA. Acknowledge.
FAA: What we have issued and told all FAA
facilities is that all lifeguard, air evac and local law
enforcement aircraft are all allowed to depart.
NORAD: And, NORAD copies. FAA if we could just
confi%Dl with your centers again that they do have that
information. We are getting some reports of light flight
helicopters

and aircraft having difficulty getting take off

and landing clearances.

------------------------

FAA: Okay. We just told all the centers that
probably three minutes ago.
HORAn: Okay. Roger, sir. NORAD copies. 'l'hanks.
E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

DDO

I

I

DDO, this is the DDO a.t

I'--__ ----J

OSD(IJ

154
'l!OP SEcac

1'--__ 1

DDO, DDO at

DDO

DDO:

r..:i on our j~

__

'!'hisis DDO.

~

c

L-I

I Roger.

The DEPSECDEF

has inquired based

up to we had a lapse of c()1IIIIDJnication.
Bas any

direction for movement of forces occurred at the time since
we left?
DDO: Roger.

Are you

referring

to

more forces

moving your way or forces moving back this way?
E.O.13526, section 1.4(g)

I

1

1

I'm

referring to combat forces. We have

any forces that have been directed to move out of any
location worldwide?
DDO:

Roger. Stand by. Roger. '!'heinformation we

have is that no, nothing has been done. We have ordered no
forces to move. There has been some discussion to call on
some of the Guard-type elements. So.,we have aircraft and
air assets available to deal with this. But; that has not
been done either.

I E.O.13526, section

1.4(a)

I

q.eP 9ECfiE'1'
/

'O'SD(
I)

155
'fap SIlCR:E'!'
DDO: That is

I E.O. 13526, section

correct.

I Okay, thank

you.

1.4(g)
DDO: R.oger.

I DDO, I

lout.

RIGHTHAWK CONTROL:

And Right HawkControl

is

out.
HORAn: Break, break,
DDO: HORAn,

Ryder trucks

threat

I previously

en route

has been negated.

HORAD blast

doors will

remaining open until

This is HORAn.

DDO.

RORAn: Yes, sir.
eight

national.

briefed

to Cheyenne Mountain. That

That is no longer a threat.

Was it

neutralize

further

an accurate

notices.
on those

assessment or did we bave to

the force?
HORAn: Negative,

this

sir.

Wehave no more details

at

time.
DDO: Roger. Understand.

1900 Zulu is

Blast doors will

correct,

sir.

DDO: And, the term you used' to describe
trucks,

open at

tha~ correct?

HORAD: That is

eight

The

be reopening at 1900 Zulu and

DDO: Roger. Do you have any details
trucks?

possible

you

said the threat

Tap

was negated,

SBCRJil'f

those

was that

the

USD(I)

156
'POP SECBE'!'
term?
HORAn:

Not considered

DIX>: Not considered

EA: Al1 conferees

a threat.

please

sir.
Roger. 'l'hank

you.

stand b,y.

EA CATTeam Chief.

EA: DDO,
EA:

a threat,

CA'l''l'eam Chief,

EA.

Go ahead.

DDO:

CAT: This is

the CATEA listening

AnDO: This is

in.

the ADDO at the NKCC.Go ahead with

your traffic.
Col.Burns for CA'l'EA.

LT. COL: Lt.

Roger, UDderstand you're

DDO:

EA: All

conferees

ADDO: NORAD,
this

any other

air

report

is ADDO at the NNce.
that

you want to identify?

NORAD:
This

is RORAD,

sir.

Negative.

it

is the possible

DDe:

What track

hijack

into

White Borse

ceased squawking hijack.

And,

Canada is not

a threat.

on an on deck

We are waiting

from White Borse with detai1s
This is

now. Lt.

about tbataircraft.

the DDO. Thank you much.

ANa: Break, break,
conference

Is there

out there

has since

considering

stand by.

threats

we were tracking
that

please

in the conference.

DDo. The NOBAD
ANRis

Gen Schwartz is online.

'POP SBcmR

in the

USD(I)

157
'!'6PSHeRE"
DDO: Roger. understand NORAD identify again.
ANa: HORAn 'Alaskan Air Defense Region Command
Center. Lt. Gen. Schwartz is online if you want to give him
brief update briefing and/or receive a briefing £rQm him.
sir.
ANR: Break. break.
DDO: This is the
ANR:

noc.

Roger, go ahead breaker.

The General said that the Deputy Commander

is on the line monitoring

at this time.

Roger, tha t. DDO. did you want to pass anything
on to HORAl) Alaskan Air Defense Region, sir?
DDO: Negative. We don't have anything un1ess they
have an update for us.
Roger. NORAD lUU). Do you have sameCONR: CORR's up. Roger that RORAD Air Defense
Region Alaska. Do not release from this conference unless
released by the DDO to tbe STRATCOM Command Center.
AIm: Roger, we copy and are monitoring.

NORAD: Roger. If you needed to be added~ack_~
for any reason just call the same, follow the same
procedure

to get back in the conference.

ANa: That will be all.
BORA!): Break, break, this is NORAD.

_

U8D(1:)

158
!POP SBCU'!'
DDO: MORAD, who are you breaking

for?

HORAn: Breaking for the FAA representative

on

this conference call.
DDO: FAA please respond to HORAD.

(pause) FAA,

this is the DDO. Are you still in this conference?

(pause)

EA, please confirm that FAA is still in the conference.
EA: Roger.

(pause) DDO, FAA was lost. We're

bringing them back in.
DDO: Roger.
EA.: All conferees please stand by.
HORAD: HOKAO, AHa are you in the conference?
ARR: Did not understand. Please repeat.
CONR: CONR is in the conference.

Stand by to

monitor.
AHR: This is the Alaskan NORAD Region. We cannot
understand the conversation

going on. Please repeat.

DDO: Alaskan Command Center, this is the DDO. All
we're doing right now is to establish same comma

~c~ODD==~e~ctions.
We'll repeat if you're having trouble
monitoring

the discussion.
EA: Break, break, FAA is in conference.
DDO: This is the DDO. Roger.
DDO: PECC, do you have traffic for the FAA?

~

SZCRB'l'

'OSD(I)

159
!'OP SBCRB'!P

EA: Break, break.

Double-checking

D: Break,

PEDe is

break,

DDO:Roger. -This is
traffic

for

PEOC, sir.

in the con£erence.
PEOC, do you have

DDO.

FAA?

PEOC: Stand by, please.
DDO:PEOC, last
Say

calling

station,

this

is

the DDO.

again, please.
IIroRAD:
National,

HORAD

with an input.

DDO:NORAD,
DDO send your update.
mORAD:
Roger. The
NaRADregions

stand

Resume normal

air

has directed

HORAn J-3

down from cockpit

sovereignty

al.ert.

NAOC:Break, break,

alert

at

that

this

all

time.

HORAn
complete.

NACOprimary

is back in the

conference.
PEOC: PEOCback in the conference.
DDO:This is the DDO.Roger.
have traffic

for the FAA before
PEOC: Say again

about

And, PEOCdid you

you dropped off?
the FAA.

DDO:Roger. Was wondering whether you had traffic

--------------------~~-~~~~
for

the

FAAor not.
PEOC:No, we don't.

via

those

Our guys are contacting

numbers they gave us for

out of Florida.

'!!Qp

SEeRWI'

the

logistical

them

flights

'D'SD(I}

160

!POP SECRET
DDO: Roger. Great. Thanks. HORAD, this is the
DDO. We've lost a lot of the conferees. Can you rebrief
your last?
NORAD: Roger, National. This is NORA]). The HORAD
J-3 has directed

that all NORAD regions stand down from

cockpit alert, resume normal air stop key alert at this
time. HORAn complete.
DDO: Roger. Also, I need to confi%1llthat SCA'l'ANA
still remains in effect?
NOKAO: That's affirmative. Still in effect at
this time.
DDO: Roger. And, JUBt to recap, we're trying to
get a good update. A couple things we're looking at. One,
status of KAL 85. Reed to know if it's on the ground, or
not. Also, we're still looking to see whether we can get
any eyes on the low flying aircraft that was heading
towards Crawford, Texas. And finally, we're going to get a
confirmation

that Air Force One, was, in fact, airborne.

NORAD: Roger, Rational. On the first, is NDCC
still in the conference?
NDCC: HDCC is here.
HORAD: Yes, sir. .Any word from the region as to
an on deck time at White Horse for the possible hijacked

'{lOP

SEEm1ft'

USD(I)

161
'fOP
aircraft?

SJ!I(!RBJl'

.
NDCC:DDO,NDCC.
DDO:This is the DDO.You're coming in broken.

Say again.
This is HDCC.

NDCC:

the KAL aircraft
aircraft

it

We just

one of

Wehave no word which

is on the ground.

is at this

had word that

time.

DDO:Roger. Understand that

KAL 85 is.

in fact,

on the ground?
NDCC:

Yes. One of the KAL aircraft·

ground. I'm not sure which number it
DDO:This is DDO,roger.

is on the·

is.

And, we also

to find out whether if Air Force One is

still

also

trying

airborne?

Over.
HORAO:
Roger, sir.
is

airborne

tanker
this

This is HORAn.Air Force One

with a four fighter

support.

contingent

:It is en route

to Offutt

and E-3 and
Air Force Base at

time.

\

DDO:Roger. We JUBt
be there
that

thought

they would probably

-----------------

by now. 'l'ha.nks. Anything else

on that

low-flyer

came toward Crawford, Texas?
NORAD:
Sir.

receiving

is that

we pulled

the continental

that

out.

All we're

NORA!) region

C8J1l'1()t

OSD(I)

162

verify any attack or hostile intent towards the President's
ranch. They have no indication of an attack taking place.
No radar indication of a contact in that area.
DDO: Roger. Appreciate

that input. (pause) EA,

DDO, confirm that :['m. still in the conference. EA.
EA: Break, break, EA did not copy.
DDO: Roger. Just want to confirm that I didn't
drop from the conference.
EA: Did not copy. Repeat.
DIX>: I say again • .:rustwant to confirm that I was
not dropped from the conference.
EA:

No, sir, still in the conference.

DIX>: Thank you. OUt.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
EA:

All conferees please stand by.

E.A: All

conferees please stand by.

DDO: Alaskan Cgnrmand, DDO.
ANR: noo, Alaskan command,

go

on.

DDO: Roger. I'm just trying· to find out whether
you have any information on KAL 85 and its status.
ANR: We have confirmation,

sir, that the airplane

is on the ground at White Borse with no confirmation of
actual hijack at this time.

'l'OP
SEC~

OSD(I)

163
'l~
DDO: This
information.
conferees

is

DDO. Thank

EA, this

(pause)
so we can

the

SHeM'!

get

is

yOU

for

DDO. Please

a good feel

of

that
poll

who we have

all
in

the

conference.
EA: Roger.

DOC Primary.

NAOC: NAOC.
EA: Repolling

HAOC

Primary.

HAOC: HAOC primary.
EA: S'l'RA:TCOM.
STRATCOM: STRA'l'COMis

up.

EA: BORAD.
BORAn: HORAn is

up.

EA: SPACE Special

Activities.

SPACE SPECIAL ACTIVZ'l'IES:
Activities

Space

Special

up.
EA:Air

Force

A:IR FORCE: Air
EA:

OPs.
Force

OPs is

up.

WBCA.

PEOC: PEOCc_Guard
EA: Copy.

for

WCA.

HDCC.

HDCC: NDCC•.
EA: RMJIC/BtJRASIA.

Recalling

STRATCOM: S'l'RATCOIfis

on.

'PeP SHCRB"!

NMJ]:C. CE!1TCOII.

USD{I)

164
TOP SBCRET
EA:

CENTCOM.

EA:

Joint Forces.

USMC: MARINE CORPS command center.
Repelling

EA:

Joint ~orces. Pacific.
is up.

PACOM: PACIfiC
EA.:

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

Europe. Repelling

0:1

_

~ __~
EA:

Europe. SOU'l'BCOM.

~s up.

JfOLINK.

MOLDfK:NOLDlK.
EA.: FEHA.
FEMA: FEHA.
EA:

~onferees

FAA.

Repelling FAA. DDD, will contact all

not in the conference.
DOO: This

is

the DDD. '!'hank you much.

AIR FORCE: Break,

break, this

I Bolling.

Center tol

I

I This

EA complete.

is Air Force OPs

How copy?

I I. have

isl

you loud and

clear.

------------------~~--------------------------------------------------------------------

AIR FORCl!::Roger

that, air.

'l'he Air Force OP

Centers would like to transfer control of this conference
for the Air Force to you, sir.

API-_. I This

is the AFCAC. We're also on and

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(g)

USD(1)

165
~OP smCR:13'P
we understand

you Air Force.

Break,
MOL1NK:

break,

Bolling

do you copy,

sir?

This is MOLIRK.

CAC: Bolling,

this

is

HOLINK:Say again,
CAC: Copy that,
EA: Break,

the Crisis

this

is

Action

Center.

MOLIRK.

sir.

break,

Bolling

is

not in conference.

AIR FORCE:Air Force copy.
EA: All conferees
-0:

please

stand

DOO, CEN'l'COM
and NMJrCare

DDO: This is

by.
in conference.

the DDO.'l'hank you much.

JFCOK: This is
RORAD:Break,

Joint
break,

Porces.

Break,

this

NORAD
with an input.

DDO:NORAD,DDO,provide

is

break.

your input.

HORAD:Roger. NORAD
has indications

--

St:and by.
'--

1

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

Who do I have? NORAD,are you on?
NORAD: NORAD
is
standing

on,

sir.

This is

the ADMO.HORAD

by.
HORAD:DDO,NORAD
standing
DOO:'l.'hiB is

by for

the DDO. Please

provide

!lORAD:Roger. NORAD
had indications

I!'OPBECHT

input.
your input.
of another

USD(I)

166

Tap SEeRS'!
possible

hijack.

It

is a

u.s.

Flight

937. Original

plan fram Madrid, Spain to Philadelphia.
is approximately
Northeast
Further

air

3S minutes outside

defense sector

updates

flight

The current

of U.S. air

of HORAD
has this

hijack

space.
for action.

as they become available.

DDO:This is DDO.Roger. What was the airline
again,

please?

I have 937.

NORAD:
~hat/s

a U.S. Air 937.

Doo: Roger. tTnderstand, departing
to Philadelphia,
air

ETA35 minutes.

Is that

Ma,drid en route

northeast

of the

space?
l!IORAD:
Yes, sir,

enter

U.S. air

we have 35 minutes until

space and that

they

is off to the northeast.

'l"hat' s correct.
DDO:Roger. Understand.

Keep us posted.

HORAD:
WILCO.
DDO:The question,
we -- what indication
hijacked

is

squawking at all?

do we have' that

it

Howdo

might be a

airplane?
MORAD:
We are trying

now, sir.

it

to verify

We do not have squawk indication
DDO:Roger. That will

get any more information

on it.

be pretty

the indications
at this
important,

point.
if you

O'SD(I)

167
NaRAD:

Roger, sir. We're on it right now. And, an

additional update. Now showing that all aircraft on the
ground at White Horse from the KAL event.
DDO: Roger, appreciate the u~ate.
EA: A1l conferees please stand by.
NORAn: National, HORAD with an update.
BA:

A1l conferees please stand by.

DDO: NORAD, this is the DDO. Confi%1Dr:type of
aircraft just reBpoDding~
HORAn: Say again, sir.
DIX>:

Say again, please.·

HORAn: Say again your query, sir. Type of
aircraft or what?
000: That's responding to U.S. Air flight 937.
HORAn: Don't have that indication fro. northeast
yet, sir. It will be forthcoming. We do have a report that
we don' t have a squawk yet for the hij ack. We do have
indication that it was CUstoms and the FBI that contacted
-----_._--

northeast in order to passtbat

information on the possible

hijack.
DIX>:

Roger. Again, say how you intercepted it?

NORAD: '!'heinformation was passed from tr. S.
Customs and the FBI directly to the northeast air defense

!pep SECH"!'

USD(:I}

168

ro~

SECRET

sector regarding the hijack.
DDO: Roger, Will need to know two of the times
if you can dig it up. ETA to intercept, Also, ETA to
Philadelphia.
NORAD: Roger. will have those times for you
shortly, The intercept has not been scrambled yet, As soon
as it is we'll have an ET:I for you.
DDO: Roger.
EA: Break, break. FAA is back in the conference.
DDO: Doo, roger.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
FAA:

Yes, NHCC. This is Scott Herbert,

FAA: Bello, this is Scott Herbert with the

FAA.

:I'm sorry you're coming through very weak. Can you repeat
please?
HORAD:

FAA,

NORA])

reads you. How copy?

FAA: OK,
AIR FORCE: Air Force is on-line.
__________________ ~P~E=OC~:
DDO, PEOC
__,

_

nDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Roger, sir. ETA at Offutt was 1855 Zulu,
:It'snow 1906 Zulu. Any confirmation

of safe on-deck? OVer.

DDO: Negative. :In fact, you have more current

USD(I)

169
TOP SECnm
I unde.rstand on-deck

information.

It is ve~

FAA:

EA: Break,

time to offutt

garbled.

break,

Can you

EA does

call

not want

1855?

was

us back?

to drop

the

line.

TAPE

#4, SIDE

2

1855
PEOC:
interested

a negative.

That's

in a safe on-deck
DDO:

Roger,

DDO. Do you have

call.

stand-by

would

be ATA

NORAD,

this

OVer.

as well,

is the

any input?

NORAD:
interested

That

a negative.

That's

in a safe on-deck
NORAD:

NORAD

STRATCOM:

call.

checking,

This

That

would

be ATA

OVer.

sir.

is STRATCOM.

Confirm

affirmative

on the deck.
DOC: Roger,
STRATCOM:
DOO:
thank

you much
PEOC:

sir, was that

1852 Zulu.

Roger,

sir, understand

safe

on deck,

sir.
PEOC

copies.

EA: All Conferees

I

1855?

I

Thank
please

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

Tap smcH'l

you,

sir.

stand

by.

I

I

1852Z,

USD(:I)

170

TOP

SECRB'i'

DDO: DDO send it.
DDO: Looking

for confirmation

service OPS Center will continue

on whether

to operate

the

from current

location or come to this location.
DDOI~

IROger, we'll ge~ back to you.

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

DDO: Thank you, 0001

1

out.

PEOC: And DDO, PEOC, also interested
deck call of call sign Venus
VENUS CONTROL:

Seven at offutt,

in safe on
as well.·

This is Venus Control,

Venus

Seven

has an ETA of 1930z.
PEOC: This is PEoe. Roger copy 1930Z. OUt.
EA: All conferees

please

stand by.

noo . NORAD, this is the ODO.
NORAD: NORAD. Go ahead.
ODO: Roger. Any word on how long it will be
before we get those aircraft
Flight

scrambled

to

go

after US Air

937?
NORAD: Say again

for NORAD, please.

DDO: This is the DDO. I say again, do you have a

aircraft

get scrambled

to respond

NORAD: Negative,
waiting

on Northeast

to US Air 937?

sir. Not at this point. We're

to pass

this tactical

TOP SEGRE'l'

action.

Showing

USD(I)

171
TOP SBCRE':I'

them twenty miles out of Philadelphia,
working on a better position

that is

us Air 937,

for them at this point.

DDO: Roger. Confirm who's twenty miles out of
Philadelphia.
NORAD: That is US Air 937,
DDD: Roger. Understand

sir.

twenty minutes

out of

Philadelphia.

NORAD: Twenty miles, sir.
DDO: Twenty miles.
DDO: Say again, twenty miles.
NORAD: That is correct. Twenty miles.
DDD: Roger, and we still ~on't have anything
scrambled that can take a look?
NORAD:
I'm just calling

Sir, we have CAP aircraft
to verify which aircraft

in that area.
they're going to

be prosecuting.
DDO: FAA, DDO.
DOC: FAA, DDO.
EA: Break, break, DDO. Double-checking
----

-

AFA.

------------

DDO: Roger, standing by.
NORAD: Break. Break. This is NORAD with input.
DDD: This is the DOC. Provide input.
NORAD: Yes, sir. At this time we're receiving

!pep S:ecREPl'

USD(I)

172
'POP SElCRB'l'

conflicting

reports as to position.

Clarifying

at this

time, the twenty miles out of Philly. Input appears to be
anomalous.

Stand by for an update.
DDO: DDO standing by.
STRATCOM: DDO, STRATCOM.

The President
conference.

This is Admiral

Mies.

is in the Command Center and on this

Over.

DDO: Roger, sir. Thank you for the update.
STRATCOM: DDO, STRATCOM.

Request you inform

SECDEF and, uh, the vice President.

Over.

DDO: Roger, sir; will do.
DDO: EA, Please confirm FAA is in the conference.
EA: Break. Break. Bringing

FAA back in now, sir.

DDO: Roger.
DDO: FAA, DDO. Are you in the conference?
EA: Break. Break. FAA is back in conference.
DDO: FAA, DDO. Have you been tracking
FAA:

Flight

(Indiscernible)

DDO: FAA, you're

coming in distorted.

again, are you tracking the information

I say

on US Air Flight

937?

FAA: You're really breaking up very badly.
Garbled.

937?

I can't understand

you.

'l!OP S2C~'l'

USD(I)

173
«pOp SBCRET

DDO: Roger, we'll try once again. Have you been
tracking the updates and information
FAA: The aircraft,

on US Air Flight

uh, has been diverted

9371

into

Pittsburgh.
DDD: Roger. The aircraft has been diverted

into

where?
FAA: Aircraft

diverted

into pittsburgh.

DDO: Roger. Say again, diverted

into where,

please?
FAA: pittsburgh.
DDD: Roger. Understand

you're

saying

"pittsburgh".
FAA: OK. Call sign was United 47, L.A. into
Sydney. Recorder
failed.

I mean, mission

aircraft.
Aircraft

error. Trying to send it e-mail. Message
failed. pilot is in control of the

Mission diverted.
diverted

I mean,

(indiscernible).

into Pittsburgh.

DDO: Roger. Again, you need to say phonetically
where

it was diverted

distorted.

because you're coming extremely

IS it pittsburgh?
FAA: You're also very distorted.

understand

I cannot

you.
DDO: Roger. Anyone

in this conference

'1!OP SECRET

understand_

USD(I)

174
'f'6P SECltE'f

STRATCOM:DDO,

STRATCOM,

from the President,

you have a good location on that plane
DDO: Roger. We certainly
give us an update. We believe

do

from Madrid? Over.

do. FAA is trying to

it's been diverted

Pittsburgh but we're having difficulty

into

understanding

his

transmission.
DDO: Come by.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC. I'would like to confirm he is
reporting that an e-mail message was sent from the aircraft
that they are diverting

into pittsburgh,

Pennsylvania.

Over.
DDO: Roger. Understand

that was an e-mail

message.
PEOC: That's
understood,

affirmative.

that the e-mail message

uh, that they were diverting
STRATCOM:

That's what I
sent from the aircraft,

into pittsburgh.

Roger. Did they give a reason?

EA: Break. Break. White House has now entered the
conference.
DDO: Roger. Understand.

Break again. I say again,

did they give a reason why they were being diverted
pittsburgh?
PEOC: No, I do not.

to

USD(I)

175
'fOP SECRE~
DDO: Roger. Thank ~ou for that update.

NORAD,

can

you confirm?
NORAD: Negative. NORAD cannot confirm

at this

time. Would like to verify with the originator

whether

is Pittsburgh

for the

or perhaps Lisbon as in Portugal

this

divert.
DDO: And also, NORAD, need to acknowledge
have fighters or certain equipment

that we

where we have fighters

on the site.
NORAD: WILCO.
EA: Break. SECDEF has been added to the
conference.
FAA: FAA dropping

off.

DDO: FAA, are you still there?
FAA: Dropping off. i cannot understand

what

you're saying.
DDD: Roger. Stand by. We're going to try and
contact you on a separate

line. Make sure we get good data

on it.
FAA: Okay.
SECDEF: Hello.
DDD: Calling Station,

this is DDO.

SECDEF: This is Rumsfeld.

TOP SEen'!'

USD(I)

176
TOP SECRET
DDO: Roger, sir.
SECDEF: We're calling for the President.
STRATCOM: Mr. Secretary, here's

the President.

He's at the STRATCOM Command Center.
SECDEF: Oh, good. Thank you.
POTUS: Hi, Don.
SECDEF: Hi, Mr. President.

Have you been advised

that there's a US Air flight coming in from Madrid,
that is a possible
POTUS:

uh,

hijack flight.

I

have, sir.

SECDEF: Okay. Urn, the fighters
launched to intercept

it and, uh, NORAD

looks like, the last I heard, it's maybe

are being, um,
is involved.

It

twenty minutes

out, and, uh, for whatever reasons the FBI didn't

indicate

they have reason to believe that it might be a hijacked
aircraft.

Urn,

but the reason I called

to verify that your authorization

to alert you was just

for the use of force, uh,

would apply as well in this situation.
POTUS:
the fighters
is the plane,

to

sure that

and you on the ground get all the facts. Uh,
I was just told that they thought

might be heading
scheduled

Uh, it does, but let us make

go

toward pittsburgh,
to Philadelphia?

um, is that, was it

Anyway,

~OP SECRET

the plane

let'S just make

USD(I)

177
'fOP SECRB'l'
sure, uh, that, uh, we get all the facts from the FAA, if
possible.

Are you in touch with the FAA?
SECDEF:

NORAD,

I've been dealing through,

uh, the CINC

Ed Eberhart, who is, has his own contact
POTUS: Is, uh, Ed on the phone call,

to the FAA.
I wonder,

uh, or up on the conference?
SECDEF: Well, there's no conference.
talked to him directly
Command

from, uh, the National

I just
Military

Center here.
POTUS: Yeah, I know, but I mean-actually,

doing two things at once. I'm speaking

I'm

to you and sitting

in the middle of a conference.
SECDEF:

I see. Well,

I'm not in the conference.

POTUS: No, I know that
conference,

everybody.

You're

(laughing).

speaking

You. are in a

in front.of

about

100 fine Americans.
SECDEF: Terrific!
POTUS: So make sure you clean up your language.
SECDEF:

(laughing) I'll do it.

POTUS: An old Navy fighter pilot,

there's no

telling what you're going to say (laughing).
the information

seems to be shifting

937, that's the name, number

somewhat

But obviously
on US Air

of the flight coming

'fOP SEGtET

in, so,

USD(I)

178
'lOP SECRET

but you still have permission

if they think,

think it's going to target one of the

u.s.

llm,

if they

cities.

SECDEF: Okay. Fair enough. I was told that it was
going to Philadelphia,
Eberhart

but I'll stay in touch with Ed

and you're gonna probably

information

have as much up-to-date

as I am, and if it gets to a point

time to, uh,

visit I will certainly

and there's

will get right back on

the horn with you.
POTUS: Yep, and we're going to have our National
Security

call in about ten minutes.
SECDEF: Good deal. Terrific.

I'll be in the video

room.
POTUS: Okay,

sir.

SECDEF: Thank you, sir.
POTUS: Thank you.
STRATCOM:
update

NORAD,

STRATCOM.

on US Air 937? Over.
NORAD: Break, break.

not have a clear indication
through

Can you give us an

garbled.

of the destination,

We pick up possibly

Lisbon. We're waiting
destination

This is NORAD. We still do

on outside

pittsburgh,

confirmation

uh, coming
possibly

of the actual

of the aircraft.
STRATCOM:

This is STRATCOM.

'POP SEeR;EJi'

Roger. Keep us

--------------------------------------_._-_._---

.

USD{I)

179
TOP SECH'f'

posted.

Over.
DDO: This is the DDO. NORAD, do you have them on

radar?
NORAD: That's a negative,

sir.

DDO: This is the DDO, roger.
DDO: And EA, please confirm that FAA is no longer
in this conference.

EA: EA. Stand by.
DDO: CONR, This is the DDO.
CONR: CONR. Go ahead.
DDO: Roger, sir. Do you have any information
US

on

Air Flight 937?
CONR: This is GEN Arnold at CONR, Tyndall Air

Force Base. We, our rep is here, I am the sector commander,·
talked to

us

US

Air headquarters

and they related

to him that

Air Flight 937 had turned back to Madrid.
DDO: Roger. Understand

you have indications

from

US Air that the flight was, in fact, turned back to Madrid.
Is that correct?

---------------------CONR: That's the information

we had. We will

follow up.
DDD: Roger. We will work it on this end, as well.
Do you have a point which they supposedly

'fOP SECRE'l'

turned around?

USD(I}

180

TOP SECRET
CONR: No sir.
DDO: Roger. If you get any information
we would appreciate

on that,

it.

CONR: Okay. We're standing by.
DDO: Roger. Any others in this conference,
have input on the physical

if you

location of this aircraft,

please provide.
DDO: Roger. Understand

nothing heard.

I'm trying

to get the exact location of·US Air Flight 937. We're
currently

trying to get FAA back on the line and in the

conference.
EA: Break. Break. FAA is not copying.
DDO: EA, what do you have?
EA: Did not copy last statement,
DDO: Roger. Understand

sir.

you're trying to get FAA

back on the line and into the conference

as an event

conference •.
EA: Yes sir. working on it right now.
DDO: Roger.
DOC: NORAD, this is the DDO. Can you talk to your
NORAD, correction,
contacted
around,

us

your FAA rep and find out whether

Air to determine

where the aircraft

they

turned

if in fact, it did turn around, back to Madrid?

~OF SBCRET

USD(I}

181

~OP SBCRB~
NORAD: Yes, sir. Already

in the process

DDO: Roger. Thank you much.
EA: DDO, EA. FAA is back in the conference.
DDO: FAA, this is the DDO. How do you read me
now?
FAA: I read you very garbled.
DDO: Roger.
FAA: Catching every third word.
DDO: Roger. If someone could relay, please ask
FAA to give us an update on US Air Flight
PEoe: FAA, PEoe. I relay, please

937.
provide update

on US Air Flight 937.
FAA: Understand
Flight

you want an update

on US Air

937?
PEOC: FAA, PEOC. That's affirmative.

Update on US

Air Flight 937.
FAA: Stand by.
HORAn:

Break. Break. This is NORAD with an input.

DDO: HORAD, provide
HORAD:
He has confirmed
with

us

your input.

Roger. This is from the FAA rep in NORAD.
with

us

Air, that there was no Flight

Air. Flight 911 took off from Madrid

back and returned

to Madrid.

and has turned

It is not en route to the

TOP S2~

937

USD(I)

182
'fOP SHCRE'!'
United States.

I say again,

United States.

NORAD complete.

DDO: Roger, NORAD.
understand

it is not en route to the

Thanks

for confirmation.

from FAA rep on information

directly

I

from US

Air, there was no Flight 937, however

there was a flight

911 that was diverted back to Madrid.

Do you happen

what part of the flight that it in"factl

to know

turned around?

NORAD: Not at this time, sir. Welre inquiring
further info, the only info we have, that it has in fact,
turned around.
DDO: Roger. Understand.
DDO: NORAD, DDO. Can you shed a little light on
where we got 937 aircraft
another aircraft

from and is there possibly

out there moving

NORAD: This is NORAD.
this moment,

.in this direction?

We're confirming

we're double-checking.

STRATCOM:

Break.

Break.

that at

Over.
DDO, this is STRATCOM.

DDO: Sir, this is the DDO.
STRATCOM:

DDO, STRATCOM.

Be advised

the President

---------

is no longer in this conference.

He has departed

conunand center.
DDO: Roger, sir. Thank you very much.
DDO: NORAD, Doo •

'TOP SECH'f

our

USD(I}

183
TOP SECRET
NORAD: Go ahead,

sir.

DDO: Roger. We need to find out what type of
AWACS coverage we have. Are we just on the East Coast or
are we on the West Coast as well. Basically,

a roll-up

of

what we have airborne.
NORAD: Roger,

sir. Stand by_

NORAD: Roger,

sir. We have a current AEW plan for

you. The current plan is to keep an E-3 up in the DC area,
one in the Chicago

area, one in the Denver area, and one

for the p~otection

of Air Force One. We're working

now to set up those four continuous

right

orbits. We also

currently have an E-3 up off the East Coast, uh, providing
tracks for the East Coast tracks. And additionally,
an E-3 up over the Aleutian
the incoming traffic

we have

Islands in Alaska monitoring

there, and as we get updates

to

Airborne E-3s, we will update.
DDD: Roger.

I have five E-3's up, is that

correct?
NORAD: Yes, sir. That is correct. You have an E-3
off the East Coast. You have an E-3 over the Aleutian
island chain and you have a plan for four continuous
orbits, but at this point we're showing two to three are
airborne,

on controlling

the East Coast, North East coast,

~GP SBCR£~

USD(I)

184

",op
and one controlling
Additionally,

SBCRE'P

the Aleutian

island chain.

we have three E-2s ready for generation

the West Coast,

one at LAX, one at San Francisco,

on

and over

Mugu Naval Air Station, uh Point Mugu, Naval Air Station.
ODD: Roger. And do we have any air contact

at

this time?
NORAD:

Negative,

sir. No contacts

or tracking

contacts at this time.
ODO: Roger.
ODO: And thanks; NORAD. We're

just trying

to

figure out the Flight 937 business. Ub, when we got the
initial
miles

information

and the report that it was about twenty

out of Philadelphia,

do you know the sources

of that

information?
NMCC: NMCC. Anybody here?
DDD: This is the DDO. Roger.
ODD: NORAD, DDO.
NORAD:

This is NORAD, sir, inquiring

for that

info. Stand by.
DOO: Roger.
NORAD:
bringing

across

Sir, that is an unconfirmed
US Air 937, twenty miles

DDO: Roger. Understand

intel report,

out of Philly.

an unconfirmed

'fOP SBCRl!P1'

intOel where

USD(I)

185

'fep

SBCRl!lT

the report came from.
NORAD: That's affirmative,

sir.

Roger. That's good information.

DDO:

Anything

further?
EA: All conferees please
DDO:

FAA,

DDO

DDO.!

FAA,

DDO.

stand by.

ODO: EA, confirm FAA is on the line.
EA: Break Break. FAA has dropped.
ODD:

Roger.

ODO: Is there any way to pipe
one of our own lines so

I

them directly

into

can talk to them?

NMCC: This is the NMCC EA. Negative.

They do not
. !

have a red switch.
DDD:

back on-line

Roger. Alright,

see if we can bring them

on that portion.

ODD:

NORAD I

DDO.

NORAD: MORAD Battle Staff up. Go ahead.
ODO; Roger. We need to tap into your FAA source
again.
NORAD:
DDD:

Okay. Stand by.

Roger.

NMCC: DDO, EA.

'lO! SECRET

USD(I)

186
TOP SECRET
DDO: This is the DDO.
NMCC: We're going to attempt to add FAA through
the White House instead of through our switch.
DDO: Roger.
NORAD: NORAD FAA rep coming on right now.
DDO: Roger.
NORAD:

(Indiscernible)

available.

Hello.

DDO: Roger. This is the DDO. We have a Delta
flight 1989, it was a Boston flight, currently
ground in Cleveland.

on the

Can you give uS some or shed some

light on that particular

flight?

FAA Rep: Not right now, I can't. I'll have to,
uh, get on the, uh, FAA conference

call and, ub, get back

to you, sir.
DDO: Roger. Standing by.
FAA: Okay. Stand by.
White House: DDO, White House.
·DDO: White House, this is the DDO.
White House: Okay, this is the White House. I've
added FAA for you.
DDD: Roger. Thank you very much. FAA, are you
there?
FAA: FAA is here.

~OP SEC~

/'

t1SD(I}

187
DDO:
you.
Delta

What

Great.

we're

flight

Correction,

trying

1989.

on the ground

rep SEeRS'!'
We certainly have

decent

to do is find out the

It was

in Chicago.

I'm sorry,

a Boston

flight

comms

status

that's

of

currently

run that One down

Can you

Cleveland.

Can you

run

with

that

for us?
one

down

for us, please?
FAA:
the ground

the ground

Okay,

[]has

DDO:

Not

FAA:

Okay.

DDO:

It was

sure

where

Boston

FAA:

Okay,

DDO:

Roger.

That's

stand

by.

on

our

AF Ops:

NORAD:
PEOC:

somebody.

Conference.

This

Roger.

is the Air Force

at the
NORAD

WH: White

is the Air

copy?

is the DDO.

This

PEOC

on

intel.

------------------Center

currently

---.Jlholding
down

now.

This

it's

I'll get

centerl

authorization

and

Roger.

Conference.

Operations

Operations

to Cleveland.

it was heading.

out of Boston,

in Cleveland.

DDO:

---

1889,

in Cleveland.

AFOps:
Force

Delta

Pentagon.

copies.

copies.
House

copies.

"OF SEemR

Copy?

Emergency

shop.

1__

---...1

USD(I}

188

rap

SECRfJ'!"

EA: All conferees please stand by.
NORAD: Break. Break. This is NORAD with an input.
DDO: This is the

DOO,.

NORAD. Provide your input.

HORAn: This is from the NORAD FAA Rep regarding
Delta Flight 1989, the Boston flight that is on deck in
Cleveland.

The FAA has verified that that flight larided in

Cleveland.

It was put in isolation by the FAA and local

authorities

on the ground have taken over at this point,

but that's all the update they could give us.
DDO: Roger. I understand.

It was put in isolation

by local authorities?
NORAD: That's correct. It was requested to be put
in isolation by the FAA and local authorities

have taken

over.
DDO: Roger. Joint Forces Command? Do you have any
updates on this, uh, particular

flight?

DDO: Joint Forces Command, DDD.
JFCOM: Joint Forces.
DDO: This is the DDO. we're just trying to find
out if you have any information on Delta Flight 1989,
Boston flight currently on the ground in Cleveland.
JFCOM: Flight number 1989, Boston to Cleveland.
Is that correct?

'fOP SSCRE'i'

USD(I)
189
DDO:
where

it Was

Ub,

E.PQp SECRET
a Boston flight.

it's

heading,

but

it's

now

get

back

with

We're

not

on the ground

sure

in

Cleveland.
JFCOM:
DOC:
EA:

I'll

Roger.
All

Hello.

We will

conferees
This

DDO: Tony

Miller.

standby.

please

is Tony

you.

stand

Miller.

This

by.

Anyone

is the

there?

DDO. We're

tracking.
FAA:
about

Delta

Hello.

This

to LA, diverted

was

due

Eastern

t~e,

for deplaning

and

area

and

sweeping

we've

were

security
the

Boeing

in Cleveland,

Ub,
and

traffic.

the

he was
met

the

plane.

767,

Hopkins.

aircraft

landed

towed

to a secure

aircraft
That's

at

at the

the

last

heard~
DDO:

this

landed

threat.

area

they

1989. Originally,

and

to a bomb

1022 AM local,

DOC, FAA. Send your

is the

FAA: It's Delta

That

information

1989.

DDO:

Boston

is the FAA. I've got

This

update.

Thank

FAA:

EA:

Roger.

good

information.

you.

Thank
All

That's

you.

conferees

please

'f'6P 8ECJtE'f'

stand

by.

Thanks

for

USD(I)

190
IlIOP SECRET

NORAD: Break. Break. This is NORAD with an input.
DDO: This is the DDO, NORAD. Go ahead. Provide
input.
NORAD:
unknown

contact

Yes, sir. NORAD currently

tracking

at the very north end of Alaska.

an

Currently

three-five-five

degrees, or 360 miles

from Galena at the

(indiscernible)

region. At this point, has deferred

tactical action due to the target's location, and the
track's speed and altitude. Track is currently

only going

107 knots. Does not appear to be tactical.

we will

continue to provide

updates as we receive

DDO: Roger, and understand

Urn,

them, sir.

we haven't made any

contact with this aircraft?
NORAD: That is correct,

sir.

DOO: IS there any reason

to believe

that this

could be a thre~t?
NORAD: Not at this time, sir. Due to the
location,
indication

and the speed of the track, there is no
it is a hostile track at this point.
DDO: Roger. Keep us posted.
JFCOM: Doo, Joint Forces.
DDO: Joint Forces, DDO.
JFCOM:

I have information

'l'OPSECnm

on Flight number 1989.

USD(I)

191
TOP SECRET
to Cleveland due to a bomb threat. Over.

It diverted

DDO: Roger. Please provide.
DDO; Joint Forces Command, this is the DDO.
Understand

you have additional

particular

flight?

information

on that

JFCOM: I was informed the flight was diverted
to a bomb threat. That's why they went to Cleveland.
DDO: Roger. Appreciate

due

Over.

the update. This confirms

information we received a little earlier. Thank you much.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEDe: PEOC.
DDO: Need you to relay for us._Deputy Secretary

of

Defense was dropped off the SVTS. Could you relay over to
the White House system to have them assist in getting him
patched back

in? He's at 1

----,1

I

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

PEOC: Got the (indiscernible).
DDO: PEOC, DOC. Can you say again?
DDO: PEOC, DDO. Acknowledge.
'Wlf"rDOO-,-wni"te-House

DDO: Roger.
WH: Roger. PEOC advises us that he's made direct
contact for you.
TOP SECRET

USD(I)

192
'fOil SEeUy

Doo:

Roger. Thank you much.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees

please

stand by.

All conferees

please

stand by.

EA:

End of tape.

(RECORDING STOPPED)
TAPE #5, SIDE 1

EA: All conferees please stand by.
DDO: NORAD, noo ,
NOllO: Go ahead, sir.
DDO: Roger. Just need an update, a negative
will be sufficient

if that is, in fact, the case.

NORAD: Referring to the tracking unknown
Alaska

one

in .

that is a negative. We have no update at this point.
DDO: Roger. And, I just want to confirm we have a

good CAP still remaining in vicinity

of Washington,

D.C.

and other critical areas?
---.

--NORAD:-That-'-s-co~rect;-,-si.r..-We-do-hav:e-activ:e
__ ---_.

CAPs over Washington,
aircraft

D.C. and New York City as well as

standing by to escort Air Force One. And, on

another subject it does appear that the unknown track in

'fOP SECRET

OSD(I)

193
'fOP SJ!!CU'l'

Alaska bas turned around. It's now heading at 016 away from
northern Alaska.
DDO: Roger. Understand that was a non-issue.

HORAn: Yes, sir. It's still within u.s. air space
but it has turned around and ita heading now is 019 out of
.Dorthern Alaska.

an escort "ith

that?

sir, due to the location

of the

DDO: Roger. Did we ever put

HORAD: Negative,
track.

DDO: Roger. That's certainly good news. Roger.
Keep

11S

posted.
HORAD: \aLCO.
CONR: neo,
DDO:

COD:

Gen. Arnold with CONR.

This is the DDO.
OUr

108. It indicated

northeastern

sector had a call sign PAT

that you had authorized him to land at

Andrews but we do not have confirmation

of that and we told

him to land at PAX River.

Doo: Roger. You came in a little broken. Was the

------------------------~==~

call sign PAT 108?
CORR: That's correct.
DIX>: Who is the poWer passenger?
CORR: They wouldn't

tell us who they were.

USD(:I)

194
rop SECRZr
Roger. And, that's PAX River?

DDO:

That's correct.

CORR:

Roger. We'll see if we can run that dOWD.

DDO:

Is it currently

circling?

CORR: :I'm not sure exactly what he's doing but

he's trying. Be is holding, waiting to either land at
Andrews or go to PAX River. However, he would not identify
himself.
DOO:

Roger. And, where did it originate

from?

Where did it originate?
Okay. Sir, it's coming in from Shannon,

CORR:

Airport in Ireland.
DDO:
COD:

Roger.
Hang on a second. We may have something on

that.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
ARR:

DDO,

this is the Alaskan Command with an

update. We have CAPs established;
------------------

ten aircraft

this time and we have no suspicious
DDO:

Roger. Appreciate

station reference
scheduled

airborne at

tracks in the system.

the update.

Last calling

to PAT 108. We have the Chairman

to land at Andrews at 1610. :If this is, in fact,

the exact aircraft

he certainly has permission

to land.

USD(I)

195

'fOP SBGHI!'
NO:RAD: Break, break, this is NORAn with input.
DDO: This is DDO. Provide your update.
NORAD: Yes, sir. Be advised NORAD is expecting
flight out of Shannon. However, original

flight time was

for flight from Shannon into Norfolk with estimated
arrival

time of

0300 Zulu tomorrow. This particula,r flight W

is carrying

a

50511

a NATO commander and is cleared to land if this

is, in fact, the flight. I say again though he was
originally

scheduled to fly into Norfolk

time of arri~

with an estimated

of 0300 Zulu.

DDO: Roger. This is the DDO. We did, in fact,
clear that particular
understand

principal

to come in. Again,

that PA'l'108 is, in fact, still W

50511 and he

is, in fact, cleared to land.
CORR: This is CONn. We just got that word and we
told him to land at Andrews •.
DDO: Roger.
HORAn: And, HORAD copies landing at Andrews.
EA:

All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees

please stand by.

EA:

All conferees please

stand by.

EA.:

All conferees please

stand by.

'i'OP SBCRET

USD(I)

196
'fOP S2CR1!'1'
l!!A: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA.: All conferees

please

stand by.

EA.: All conferees

please

stand by.

EA: All conferees

please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA.: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

EA.: All conferees

please

stand by.

All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

All conferees please

stand by.

please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

]!!A:

EA: All conferees

EA: All conferees

_

_

.

.

.

stand by.

~.! _~}._~~!lfe£~~.!...
s~~_~!:
stand by.

EA.: All conferees

please

EA.: All conferees

stand by.

EA.: All conferees

stand by.

DDO: All CINes. all services. This is the DDO. I

_

USD(I)

197
'lOP Silem;r;p

say again all CINC and all services, this is the DDO. We
need you to report any movement of your forces.
DDO: I say again. All CINes and all services. we
need you to report any movement of your forces in response
to what has occurred.
PEOC: STRATCOM, PEDe.
STRATCOM:

STRATCOM's

on.

PEOC: Roger, sir. Mr. Volcan needs to establish
his commxnication with Secretary Carr. Is he in your
vicinity, sir?
STRATCOM:This

is STRATCOM. They're not here in

the command center. They still are in the bui1ding.

I can

relay or add them to the conference if you desire.
PEOC: Roger, sir, we're going to have Signal
attempt to make commJnication via a secure landline and
we'll run him down. Thank you. sir.
STRATCOM: Roger. Be advised, just received this
report the President and company ha~e departed the building
en route to Air Porce One. OVer.
PEOC: This is PEOC. copy a~~. Thank you.
DDO: Ars:II:y OPs. DDO. Marine OPs, DDO. EA please
confirm that we have all the services in the conference.
J!!A:Roger that. sir.

TOP SECRm'

198

USD(I)

'reF SBemt'f'
EA: Break,

break.

EA. Stand by.

EA: Break,

break,

the Karine Corps is

conference,

in

the

sir.
USMC:Marine Corps on.
DDO:Roger.

Break for

the Marine Corps.

DDO:Need you to report
forces

in response

to what occurred

USMC: This

is

This

is

USMC: Sir,

Chan speaking.
the DDO.

we do not copy.

DDO:Roger. We are
from the
forces

services

whether

in response

today.

the Karine Cor;ps commandcenter,

the CRC. (indiscerniDle)
DDO:

any movement of your

in the process

out

they have moved any of their

to what has occurred

USMC:Sir,

of finding

stand

today.

by, please.

EA: All conferees

please

stand

by.

PEOC: DDO,PEOC.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
____________________________________
~J:~.;_9K~_J;~_~p.p_ea~sthat
coming back.

You've heard

DDO: Say again

that

news right?

in reference

PEOC: zt appears
DDO: :r will

~.;' __
Fo.!'Ee__
~~_.!'.!_g_be

it

will

to Air Force One.

be coming back to D.C.

have to research

that.

. . _

OSD{I)

199

'fOP SECRE'I'
PEOC: No, they are.
DDO: Oh, I'm sorry.

You're

PEOC: Yeah, they are.
sure

is

that

they

have fighter

that

we have continuous

BHXreaches

escort

coverage

that

on the way back and

either

from those

aircraft

r assume we still

the White House. Is

DDO: Roger.

me, okay.

And, what we want to make

coming back or from the CAPwhich
until

telling

t~t

have up

possible?

'l'here' s no doubt but we'll

make sure

happens.
PEOC: Thanks a lot.

got a departure

We'll

let

you know once we've

time.

DDO: ROger, stand

by. HORAnacknowledge.

HORAn:HORAncopies.
DDO: Roger.
EA: All

conferees

please

stand

by.

EA: All

conferees

please

stand

by.

EA: A11 conferees

please

stand

~.

EA.: All

please

stand

by.

conferees

NORAD:Break,

----------~~--

break NORAD/USSPACECOM
with an

iDPut.
DDO: NORAD,OSSPACE;DDO. Provide.
Break,

break,

need you to contact

NADe pr.unary

and NAOCsecondary

McGee-Tyson to coordinate

'fOP SEenft

the

swing

we

200

OSDe:!}
TOP SECRET

tanker

issue.

Over.

Acknowledge NAOCPrimary.
Acknowledge NAOCSecondary.
\

NAOCSECONDARY:
NAOCSecond8.%'Yacknowledge.
Contact

(indiscernible).
Roger,

contact

:! have a DSH number if

you'd

like

to

thera..
NAOCSECONDARY:
Copy that

1

I:!f

DSN
primary

to make sure

address.

you can coordi:cate

that

get into

we don't

with

HAOC

a conflict

here.
HAOCSECONDARY:
Copy DSN 1
That's

correct.

HAOCSECONDARY:
Copy. We'll
Stand

----'

get

hold

of primary.

by.
Roger.
Say again

NAOCpr~.

HAOCSECORDARY:
This

is

Secondary.

will

have

'lIlY'

folks •••

._-------------------

HAOCPR:IHARY:This

is

HAOCprimary,

you have

traffic.
Roger,

NAOCpr~.

on to HAOCsecondary.

We are

passing

information

We Deed you guys to coordinate

'1"0. 8EC!tZ'r

with

t1SD(I)

201
TOP
HcGee-Tyson

SECRil'f'

for swing tanker operations

so we don't have

conflicts. Over.
HAOC PRIMARY: This is HAOC Primary. WILCO.
All conferees stand by.
NAOC SECONDARY: This is NAOC Secondary how
(indiscernible).
Roger, DOC secondary.
EA: All conferees stand by.
NORAD: Break, NORAD/OSSPACE
DDO: NORAD/OSSPACE,

with an input.

this isDDO.

Provide your

input.
BORAn: sir, at this time we have three unknowns
in Alaska. The first unknown is the one that's been
previously

briefed. CCQM's ID 0255. Zt's turned around and

heading back inland on the north coast of Alaska, 1'0
knots. The second aircraft CCOM's ID 025' is at position
7014 north,

15159 west at 111 knots. CINC NORAD has

deferred tactical action, tactical decision. The third
-----

unknown in Alaska, CCOM's ID 0233, position 5802 north,

--------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------

15646 west that's 379 knots, 31,000

feet. And, sir, that

track has just been identified now as an airborne E-3. So,
to summarize, we have two unknowns

in Alaska; one on the

north coast, one on the south coast. NORAD/USSPACE

'l!QP SBeRB,!,

Command

OSD(I)

202
!fOP SBCRB'l'

complete.
Roger. And, understand

DDO:

that you've

dispatched aircraft to deter.mine whether they're friendly.
NORAD:

Sir, the aircraft on the north coast of

Atlanta, correction Alaska, was deferred tactical action.
No fighter suitable location. The aircraft on south Alaska

was tactical decision.

I

believe because of its low speed.

Roger. So, your position is that DODe of

DDD:

these are threats?
NORAn:
DDO:

No, sir.

Roger.

JUIZR:Break, break. 'l'hisis Alaska NaRAD Region.
%'11 add on to the last comment. Some of the targets we're
seeing are the local police fliers who have DOt been
notified yet of our F-CAP plan. We intend to intercept all
contacts that remain unknown.
DDD:

Roger. Ottderstand you plan to intercept all

contacts. Please keep us updated on that.
ANR: That approach certain areas of the state.
000: Roger. So, it will be a selected intercept.
AHa: At this point, given the speed and location

we, as well, assess no threats at this time.
DDO:

Roger. Thank you much.

USD{I}

81
'fOP SECReT
the Secretary of Defense and FAA. I suppose that that
approval has been granted and is being sorted out as we
speak. If you need any help on them please let me know and
I'll need to work this in.
NORAD: NORAD copies. Thank you.
DDO: FAA this is the DOO. Please confirm that
that's been smoothed and you do have permission

On

those

Medevac helicopters allowed into New York.
FAA: Say again this is HORAD.
DDO: This is the DDO again. FAA, please confirm
that you have word thci.tit was approved to allow those
eight Medevac helicopters to enter Ne,/ York proper.
FAA: What was the question for FAA again?·
DDO: 'l'hequestion is just need you to confirm.
We had eight Medevac helicopters

that were not being

allowed to go into New York City. We need to confir.m that
permdssion

was given and that word was passed that they

can, in fact, fly into the Hew York area.
FAA: OK. We do have Nedevac aircraft that are not
being allowed to take off. Understand
helicopters

can

go

that eight

into New York City.

DDO: 'l'hisis the DDO; that'S affirmative.
Supposedly,

that was all sorted out in a VTC that included

nsn (1:)

82
the Chairman,
Defense

correction Vice Chairman,

secretary

of

and FAA.
COlm: OK. This is CONR. We can coordinate

the FAA and the northeastern

defense

sector

through

to allow

that

to oCC\1r if that's what you want to happen.
DDO:

COIm., this is the DOO; affinnative.

Please

take care of that.
CONR: We will take care of it. We got it for
action.
DDO:

Thank you much.

AIR FORCE: NMCC, Air Force. This is the Air Force
for the NMCC_
DDO:

Air Force, DDO.

AIR FORCE: Roger. We have a request from ,Air
Combat Command

to the Russian

their exercise

in the Siberian

confusion

with that particu~ar
DDO:

you interested
_.

-__

'__'H_

:

.

Which area are

government

to stand dOwn

region to alleviate
defense
W'e

any

sector.

working

at? Which area are

in having them stand down?

...-....•.... -.....•. -

-·-iii--FORci:-B;sIcarly~---anyehing-west--of--Alaska.-----------_
DIX>: Roger. We've been told that two hours ago
t "

they were directed to do that.

\

\

\
I

.\
:

AIR FORCE: Air Force copies.

i \

\

.

,
\
I

:,

'.

i

~

\

'\

\

\

'l'OP SECkE'r

USD(I)

83
!'OP SBCRm

PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DDO: This is the DDO. Last calling station,
please identify yourself again.
PEOC: This is PEOC with another request.
DOO: Roger. State your request.
PEOC: U.S. Secret Service, Mr. Brian Stafford,
would like to talk to General Myers. I've got a number if
you're ready to copy.
DDO: Roger. Send that number, please.
PEOC: 1

---'1

I E.O.13526, section

1.4(g)

DDO: Roger. Hr. Stafford and what is his title
again, please?
PEOC: This is the Director of the

u.s.

Secret

Service, Mr. Doyle. I'm not sure if that was Presidential
detail or not becaus~ Hr. Stafford is the Director.
DDO: Roger. Thank you, sir. Stand by. Roger. We
patched that message earlier. We have a different number.
Understand
_. ---- _ ----

._-_._

..

-._--- ---- -. -

- -_.

that number is

I

II

E.O.13526, section 1.4(g)

PEOC: That's correct.
That's a different
-- - ---------------------- ---------_._------------

number

.-----------

than what we had passed earlier.
DDO: Roger. We've got that same one. We'll send
that message into h~

as We speak.

PEOC: Roger.

Tep SECRET

_. -

- -- - ._----.-

USD{I)

84
'1'0' 8ECRE'l'
FAA: DDO, FAA.
DDO: This is the DDO.

(pause) Last calling

station this is the DDO. Do you have traffic?
FAA: DDO, FAA.
DDO: Last calling station this is the DDO.
FAA: DDO, this is the FAA. we are going to
release seven black guard aircraft out of Peachboro

going

into the New York metro area.
DDO: This is the DDO. Roger, and thank you much.
DDO: CONR this is the DDO. Can you give me an
update on the CAP that's over Washington,

D.C.?

(pause)

CONR this is the DDO. Are you there?
CONR: CORR is here.
DDO: Roger. JUst need an update
on our CAP over Washington,
COD:

on what we have

D.C.

Stand by.

HORAn:

National

this is NORAD.

DDO: This is the DDO.
_________________________________________~QJUD_=

~~'h _!lJ:;:~_~~c~~te

south of Key West has been identified
has been identified

friendly.

the two in the vicinity
update

friendly.

Only remaining

of Washington,

from CORR.

'lap

•__
~~ __~own

.SBCfiE'!'

track

Say again,

unknowns

are

D.C. Still awaiting

USD(I}

85
!pOp SECRET

CORR: Stand by one here.
DOO: Roger, this is the DOO. We're
for a quick update.

There's

certainly

standing' by

a lot of interest

in

those two.
CONR: We have a total of seven airplanes

over

Washington,

D.C. rig'ht nOw. Four F-16s and three

Washington,

D.C. Two F-1Ss over New York City at the

F-1Ss over

moment.
DDO: This is the DDO. Do you have anything
further?

Understand

Washington,

four F-16s, three F-15s over

D.C. and two F-1Ss over New York.

Is that

correct?
CONR: That is correct.
DDO: Anything

further?

CORR: No. we have numerous
those are the ones protecting

airplanes

airborne

those major metropolitan

areas.
DDO: Roger. That's what we needed.
FAA: DDO, FAA.
DDO: This is the DDO. Last calling
identify

yourself.
FAA: FAA.

DDO: Roger, FAA.

TaP SECRET

station

but

OSD(1)

86
!lOP

I E.O.

SECRm'

13526, section 1.4(a)

I

Doo: Roger. I want to know who they specifically
a.re. Can you give

me anything?

._FAA=-Stand.by.
PEOC:
DDO:

DDO.

PEOC.

PEOC,DOO.

PEOC:Yes, sir.
effort

just .a second._

Is there

to move search and rescue

already

assets

a coordinated

into

Hew York? Is

USD(I)

87
'l'OP SJ!!CRB'i'
it coordinated

or is it coming by from individual

units.

DDO: FEMA are you here?
DDO: FEMA this is the ODO. Are you there?
FEMA: FEMA's on.
DDO: Roger. The question
coordinated

effort

is, is there a

for search and rescue at New York City?

FEMA: Yes, sir, there is. We hay. at least four
task forces that have for.med up already

that will be

leaving shortly by grOund. MY understanding
rendezvous

was the

point up there was going to be Stewart

Air Base,

New York.
PEOC: OK, PEOC copies. Does that include
military

helicopter

assets that we'll need to use?

FEMA: Sir, we did not receive
about the military
keep everything

the

helicopter

any information

assets. Our advice was just

on the ground.

PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC. Just be advisedLI
returning;

has delivered

the passenger

tol

1

land

is on its way back now.
~

DDO: Roger. Understand

passenger

framLI

,..;

o

is,.in fact, in place.

Thank you much.

~
NORAD:

Break, break,

this is HORAD with an

update.

'l'OP SECRE'l'

_

is

OSD(I}

88

!POP SECRET
DDO: HORAD, DDO; provide your update.
NORAD:

Copy. HORAD received

aircraft over the Atlantic.
identified

as Continental

squawks. NORAD

reports

of two

No specific location;

57 and Air Can 65 with distress

is investigating

at this time.

DDO: This is the DDO.Thank.

you much.

Keep us

posted.
NORAD:

WI:LCO.

FAA: DOO, FAA.
DOO: FAA, DDO.

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(a)

DDO: This 1s the DDO, roger. X have that. We'll
submit that request.

We have quite a few coming

in.

FAA: Yeah, well we've had quite a few more.
DDO: Roger.
got to see whether
collected

Stand by before you send that.

there's

I've

a better way to get all these

so we can shoot them all at ODe time. Break.

CONR,.DDO. ..----

--._..
--.

CONR: Stand by for Gen. Arnold.
CONR: Gen. Arnold's

up.

DDO: Sir, this is the DDO. Can we speak to Gen.
Arnold?

'DSD(I)

89
'POP SEC~

CORR:Speaking.
DDO:Yes, sir,

do

have traffic?

yOU

CORR:We showed traffic
into

the united

States

Air Canada flight

and returned

65 declared

FAA: This is
in contact

declare

an IFE coming

back to Paris.

We have

an IFE over the Atlantic.

the FAArep to NORAD
trying

to get

with the FAArep there.
HORAn:Calling

FAArep.

Can you verify

where

Uthere'" is?
FAA: My name is Reggie Settle,
HORAD
at this

the FAArep at

time.

HORAn:Roger,

sir.

And, who are you trying

to

reach?
PAA: Anyone that's
call

at

this

an FAArep on the

conference

time in Washington.

NORAn:Copy.
CORR:This is
flight
.-.Atlantic

6'5 was passed

Gen. Arnold again.

to us by the

The Air Canada

FAA, an IFE over the

•. Wedon-'t.know. its.destination._ancLwenee(Ltha,t.-

information

from the

from southern

FAA. We know the

California

towards

Colorado.

missing

out of Ft.

looks

like

unknown type aircraft

he'S

headed east

And, we had two airplanes

reported

Worth. We do not have any further

USD(I)

90
'fOP SSCRB'iP
infor.mation on them.
Gen. Arnold this is the DDO. We have that,

DDO:

sir. Is there anything

further?

CORR: That's all I have right now.
DDO:

Roger,

sir. Break, eONR, DDO.

CORR: This is CONR--Gen.
DDO: Roger, sir.

Arnold.

We have two helicopters

standing by sent to the Pentagon

to get elements

up to

______ ~Iwe need to launch the second one. We already have
one here that's already
take four people

up.

CORR: They're
DDO:

outbound. We need another one in to

coming in from?

Sir, we were told that they were stationed

at Anacostia.
NIGHT HAWK CONTROL:
Hawk Control.

Break, break.

We do have aircraft

standing

This is Night
by. Would you

like them to launch at this time?
DDO: This is the DDO. Roger,
.

send one in to the

same helipad ..
at.River_Terrace.
NIGHT HAWK eomROL:

Roger. The tail number coming

in will be tail number

34. It is getting

and should be airborne

in five minutes.

DDO:

Roger. Again,

ready to launch

identify your call sign. Last

USD(I)

91

TOP SZCRET
calling station again, ODD. Identify your call sign -- your
call sign.
NIGHT HAWK CON"l'ROL:Call sign tail number will be
34. I say again call sign 34.
DDO: This is the DDO, out.
CONK: And, CONa, is that one helicopter or two?
NIGHT HAWK CONTROL: That will be one helicopter.
It will be a Marine Corps CBS3. OVer.
CONR: Okay, got it.
NIGHT HAWK: The flight path will be from
Anacostia just east of Washington Hatio~

to the Pentagon.

DDO: NORAD, DDO •
HORAn: This is :HORAn go ahead.
DDO: Roger. Earlier we talked about the fighters'
that are escorting Air Porce One. Can you confirm that they
would be ready when they take off for the second leg of the
flight. The Vice president wants to hear over this
conference and from you that we have fighters standing by
when they take off from Barksdale or Offutt.
MORAD: Roger. That is affirmative. The two
original fighters that were in escort had landed at
Barksdale and are getting fuel and in the turn. There are
four fighters standing by as well for the second leg of the

'fOP SECRE'f'

USD(I)

92
TOP SECRET

trip.
DDO: Roger. Just let me summarize.

Understand

there are two fighters on the ground right there with
and then there are four that are standing ~

them

to be inbound

when they take off is that correct?
HORAn: '!'hat'saffirmative

knowledge.

to the best of my

Let me verify that those four are, in fact, op

ready, immediate,

and ready to take off. Stand by just a

minute.
DDO: Roger. But, we do have those two that are
refueling

that will be ready to take off whenever

Air Force

ODe takes off?
HORAn: That's affirmative.
three minutes

They landed about

ago and are in the turn taking fuel.

DDO: This is the DDO. Thank you. we·re
by on the second

standing

four.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Ha~ .th(t" ~en
or through the NMCCfor

any coord~tioD

with FEHA

guard reserve assets to assist with

the New York effort?
CONR: This is Gen. Arnold at CONR. We have
activated

our command post for total air force assets

.:

USD(I)

93
'fOP BECHT
available to support the aftermath.

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

DDO:

F'EMA,

HORAD,

FAA,

this is the DOO. We're

getting flooded by requests for clearance elevated from
both guard and other forces to support the effort in New
York. What we need is FEMA to coordinate directly with
HORAn and FAA. We're getting inundated right now with all
those. And, here's the number for FEHA Ops. The number is
________________

1

Acknowledge. OVer.

!lORAD: IlORAD/USSPACECOM acknowledged.
DDO: FAA, !lORAD, FEMA, need acknowledgments

on

going directly with FEMA for coordination.
NORAD: NORAD/OSSPACECOM· copies.
FEMA: Break, break, this is FEHA, sir. A better

contact number for FEMA operations versus that one you just
gave out.
DDO: Roger, send it.
FEMA: In the event we have commercial telephone
line problems we can use DSN

I

or

c=J.

DDO: This is the Doo. I have DSN

All copy.

1'--

_

How do you convert that DSN to a civilian number?
FEMA: converting

be

1

that to a civilian number would
_

DDO: Again, that converted to civilian number

I
':l'OPSBCREIP

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

USD(I)

94

'lOP BECREI!'

E.O. 13526, section 1.4( )
would be

I

~
PEMA:That's
DDO: Roger.

FEMA-- please
coordinating

confirm
with

correct,

sir.

NORAD,FAA, FEMA-- of course,
and acknowledge

I have

new number for

FEMACps.

NORAD:NORAD
copies

new number.

FAA: This is

the FAA. Can you g-ive me that

DIX>:This is

the DDO. The number is

number

again?

D

Or,

if

you want to go commercial,

posted,I

I

DSN

1'--

_

----Jlandsaaw

_

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

FAA: FAAconfixms.
DDO: '!'his is

for

And, this

is

for

FEMA?

FEMAOps, correct.

HORAn:FAA, NORAD.
DDO: FAA, please

respond

FAA: This is

FAA. Go ahead.

the

NORAn:Yes, sir,
rep

from NORAD
here

Are you ready

I have a Mr. Reggie Settle,

requesting

a calIon

DDO: Roger.

please

an unsecure

FAA
line.

to copy number?

PAA: DIX>can you translate

cal.I

to NORAD.

There's

on a commercial. line.
send the

commercial

that

a Mr. Settle

Be did not get
number.

'!'-Oil

SEeRE'!'

for me?
that
that

wants a
number.

USD(I)

95

SEam'!'

!lOP

HORA!):Roger. Commercial number

1

_

NORAD
complete.
DDO:That number is

1

_

NORAD:Affirmative.
FAA.:FAAconfirms

that

and they want us to call

them?
NORAD:That's

correct,

FAA.:All right,

sir.

A Hr. Reggie Settle.

give h~

we'll

a call

then.

HORAD:Roger.
IllGBT HAWKCONTROL: Break,

DDO, Night Hawk

break,

Control.
DDO:This is

the DDO.

NIGHTHAWKCONTROL:
Helicopter
landing

in two mics.

inbound;

should

shortly.

Thank

OVer.

DDO: Roger.

We'll

be out there

you.
FAA: 000, FAA.
DDO: FAA, DDO.

FAA: Hey,
aircraft

if

you've

:r got another
got t~e

DDO: Yeah, I'm

txying

to keep it

to take

going

coo.rdinated

request

for

an inbound

it.

to work with that.
internally.

it.

'!'op SECRE'r

Go

We're

ahead;

send

be

USD(r)

96

!POP SBCR&'P
FAA: It's a Gen. Kernaan, NATO Commander,

t7 • S •

Army.

DDO: His call sign.
FAA: VV50511. Request to come in from Shannon,
Ireland landing

at Norfolk, Chambers Field; ETA 0300 Zulu.

DDO: Roger. Understand

Gen. Kernaan.

FAA: That's correct.
DDO: That's four-star K-e-r-n-a-n?
FAA: K-e-r-n-a-a-n.
DDO:Roger,

we'll ~rk

that one.

FAA: Okay.
MOG:

DDO, this is AFOG.

DDO: This is the DOO •.
AP'OG: Roger,

sir. This is AFOG. Just to let you

know there'S a three ship of Hueys who'll be moving Air
Force PAX from River Terrace
completed

they'll

to Bolling. When they're

return with yourl

/

\

DDO: Roger, wasn't
mission

but I got it. What's

aware you were working

that

the ETA for that second flight

plan?
AFoo: They're between

Bolling and Pentagon

now and then they're about a 15 minute

'fOP SECRE'1'

round trip.

right

OSD(:I)

97

'lap SESRE'I'
DDO:Roger. So, in 30 minutes
ready for

I

I E.O.

AFOC: Thirty

or less,

I?

I

13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

they should be

yes.

DDO:Roger ..
AFOC:And, :I' 11 get back o!U;ine to' let
once they're

you know

coming bac~.

DDO: Thank you much.
DDO: NORAD, nIX).
NORAD:

This is HORAn go ahead,

DDO:Roger. Again, we're
this

coordination

number that
to sort

done with you. :Is there

we can have folks

out some of these
HORAn:

trying

call

to get

same of

an operational

you wh&llthey're

clearances

trying

and requests?

Roger. Stand by. Let me get you a good

number.
DDO: Roger.
EA.:

sir.

Al.l conferees

stand

by.

EA: All

conferees

stand by.

EA: All

conferees

stand by.

AIR FORCE: NMCC, Air Force.

DOO: '!'his is the DOO.

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(a)

Tap

Sze-".nE'f'

I

USD(I)

98

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(a)

I

DDO: Roger. Send traffic.
AIR FORCE: Currently located at Bolling Air Force
Base.
DDO: Koger. 'l'huk

you much.

DDO: FAA this is DDO.
FAA: FAA. Go

ahead.

DDO: Roger. Was it your request for Gen Kernaan
to come in?
FAA: Yes. They called us and asked us what
procedures

they needed to get into the

u.s.

into Norfolk.

DDO: Roger. The Vice and the Director is here and
they said that is permitted. You need to make ar~angements
to allow that to happen.
FAA: OK. Just let us know 'What kind of
arrangements

you need and we'll ensure we get everything

because we'll have to probably call Europe. Europe may not
let them off the ground.
DDO: Roger. Again, we're not saying they can't
physically

get them

ill

hut we are telling you if that in

fact they get into the air ~ce

we will permit them to

'f'6:P SECltB'f'

OSD(I)

99

!POP SBCH'II
land.
FAA: Okay.
DDO: I'm Dot sure that will help you.
FAA: No, it doesn't help me much but I'll forward
it on to our counterparts

in Europe that this ca~~ sign on

this aircraft will be able-to depart. And, if he does get
off that he will be permitted

to land.

DDO: Roger.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DDO: This is the DDO. Identify yourself

again,

please.
PEOC: Yeah, it's PBOC. Can you just cOllfi%1ll
~ocation

of the SECDEF please?
DDO: Roger. Be's right here in the SVTS. Let me

confirm.

Roger, he's still here in the building,

currently

in his office.
PEOC: Roger. Thanks.
DDO: HORAn,

DDO. I just want to close this one

out. Those two low flying aircraft that were identified

an

hour ago coming that we thought may have been he~icopters
based on altitude

and speed. Understand

we've lost whatever

contact we had with them.
NORm:

That is affirmative,

IPOP.SBcmPl'

sir. We have no more

USD(I)

100
'1'OP SJ!JQ.RB!I!

radar contact

on them. Did not hear from CORR if they had a

final identification.
DDO: Roger. But, I take it it's safe to assume
they were not a threat; that nothing has been heard.
HORAD: This is RORAD. Stand by please.

(pause)

And, DDO this is HORAD. Go ahead, please.
DDO: This is the DDO. What do you have for us?
HORAD:
identification

Sir, again, I say we have no positive

on those two tracks. We do not have radar

contact on them.
DDO:,Roger.

Air Force, ~hat we're looking

for was

two tracks that we had coming inbound. But, the flying
height and speed of indicates helicopters.
'contact with them but we just wanted
any information

We've

lost

to see if anybody had

on them.

AIR FORCE: Air Force copies.
NORAD:
CORR:
HORAD:
MOuntain.

CORR, this is HORAn.
Stand by for Gen Arnold.

interest out of San Diego headed

HORAD:

is on.

Yes sir. Lt Paul here at Cheyenne

Sir, do we have anything

CORR:

Gen Arnold

further on the track of

east?

I don't have anything.
Roger.

'flOP SECRl!l1f

Stand by.

U5.O(I)

101

~ep SSCREJ!'
CONR:They're
still

putting

do not have contact
NORAD:Roger,

point

with
sir.

these
that

airplanes

on~.

We

airplane.

And, can you identify

the

CAP

please?
CORR:I don't

airplanes

have call

signs.

We have two

out of Buckley and two from. Albuquerque

being scrambled

that

are

as we s~ak.

HORAe:Copy, sir.
CONK:We have :no situation
airpl.ane

awareness

on that

so we are capping.
NORAD:r copy,

sir.

Thank you.

CORR:Do the FAAhave contact?
you got word. It's
UDfortunately

I

CONK,Gen. Arnold.

just

annoUDCec.that

I don't

know if

ABCNews,

Air Force One is

in

Barksdale.
NIGHTHAWK
CONTROL:
Break,

break.

noo,

Hight

Hawk

Control.
DDO:This is

the DDO.

NIGB'l'HAWK
.cONTROL:Roger.
more PAXon the helo

sitting

at

We have room for

the LZ. Are there

cODling?
I E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a) I

'POP SBCU'f

20

more PAX

USD(I)

102
«POP SEGREIP

NIGH'!'HAWK CONTROL: Roger. Stand by.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC •
DDO:

This is the DDO. Go ahead and launch that

helicopter.
HIGHT HAWK CONTROL: Doo, Night Hawk Control.
Roger.
DDO: HORAn, this is the DDO.
BORAD: This is NORAD.
DDO: Roger. We were looking for that contact
number you were researching

that for us.

RORAD: Roger. Don't have a good number for you at
this time. We're running our liaison through our FAA rep.
DDO: Roger. We'll continue

to stand by.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
CONK: This is Gen Arnold at CONR. Update on
Presidential

support.·

DDO: 'l'hisis the DDO. Please send it.
COD:
Ellington
aircraft

We have two airplanes

Air National

airborne

airborne

Guard Base, F-16s. ~

out of Tinker.

at Barksdale

additional

shortly. Tanker support from McConnell

Air Force Base, Kansas. And, we are scrambling
aircraft

from

We'll continue

until the President

an AWACS

to provide support

is ready to depart and we

OSD(1)

103
!'OP SECRET
will

escort

him to whatever

destination

he intends

to go

to.
DDO: Roger.

Sir,

thanks

for

that

update.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
ODD:

PEOC,

DDO.

PEOC: Bave you gotten
the

aircraft

type
DDO:

those

right

confirmed

that

the

are

on

Pentagon?

We're not getting

now. This
that

hit

any kind of confirmation

any identification

is DDO. We have four

down. We don't

on

aircraft

that

we

know which ones went

where.
NIGH'!' HAWK
CONTROL:
DDO, Night

DDO: Night

Hawk Control,

Hawk Control.

DDO.

NIGHTHAWK CONTROL:
Roger.

I E.O. 13526, section
DDO:

.1

Roqer

1.4(a)(g)

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

I

NiGHT HAWK CON'l'ROL:
Roger.
DDO: Roger.
__~_~_
NIGB'l'

Appreciate

~.!!lt:__
~~9_~_:

it.

_~~_, ~!.~~~
__
~~·I~ __
~~~~~~l~

HAWK CON"rROL:
DDO,

this

is

Night

Hawk

Control.
DDO: 'l'his

is

DDO.

N:IGH'rRAWK
CONTROL:Roger.

TOP

SEeRE'f

Just

be advised

we do

..

_

USD{I)

104
TOP SECItET

have additional

aircraft

should you require

DDO:Roger. Appreciate

it.

them. OVer.

Understand they

are at

Anacostia.
NIGHTHAWK
CONTROL:

Roger.

DDO:Roger. And you're
l

the relocate

helicopters

but

if

you require

DDO:Negative.

me on when

1.4(a)

I

'l'hat should be a di.fferent

UB, we do have assets,

sir.

Stand by in case we need it.

NIGHTHAWK
CONTROL:
Al'OG:

updating

I E.O. 13526, section

willi

NIGHTHAWK
CON"rROL:
asset,

also

Roger.

Standing

by.

DDO,AFOO.

DOO: Stand by.
Dro: This is

the DDO.Go.

TAPE#3, SIDE 1.
AFOG:DDO,MOO. Your two-ship
Bolling

is

en route

to

to Pentagon.
DDO:Roger,

identify

your call

sign again,

. ple~s~.
.Al"OG:

This is AFOG.

DDO:Roger,
for

and understand

those

are designated

the relocate?
AFOG:That's

correct

·IL_~I=E=.=O=.

=13=5=2~6,~s=ec=t=io=n=1=.4::::::(
a::::::)~1__

105

USD(I)
'!lOP S!l€RE'1'

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(a)

DDO: Roger. Give me a call once you're

on

station.
AFOG: Okay. I'm going to be off the line here.
They're

going to be there in about four or five minutes.
DDO: R?9'er. Understand,

four or five minutes.

AFOG: Roger.
DDO: Last calling station,
You're

coming in broken.
HAOC SECONDARY:

making

identify yourself.

sure that we're

This is RAOC Secondary

just

still in the conference.

DDO: Roger, understand.

NAOC Secondary we have

you.
EA:

All conferees

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

All conferees please

stand by.

EA:

All conferees please

stand.by.

stand l:Jy~
EA: .~.l .conferees
~~
....... _---. ---_ .... - ..p!~~.s.e
..... "-'-- ....
please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees

HORAD: Break. Break. '1'hisis NORAD with an

'!lOP SEC!U!'l'

USD(I)

106
'fOP SEeD'!

update.
DDO: HORAn provide your update.
HORAl): DDO, be advised I just received a call
fram air traffic control Ft. Worth. They're reporting a
high-speed contact east of Waco. CUrrently, high speed
below their radar coverage heading in the vicinity of the
restricted area that's been identified as the President's
ranch. HORAn, cOllllPlete.
DDO, do you copy?
DDO: This is the DDO. understand

high speed

contact below the radar, vicinity of Ft. worth heading
towards what we believe the President's

ranch. Is that

correct?
.HORAl): That's affirmative,

sir.

DDO: This is the DDO. Do we have an intercept in
position to deal with, to address that?
HORAn: This is NORAD. We are querying

at this time due

to SPeed and the vicinity, interceptor may not be an
option.
. . DI)()

:.~~r

HORAD:

...

Stand by.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC, do we have any kind of type
aircraft?
DDO: Stand by. Do we have any type of specific

USD(I}

107
o;ooP
aircraft?

Do we have any identification
NORA»:That's

a negative.

a high speed below radar
air

SEaun'

traffic

on it?

The only ID we have is

by Dallas-Ft.

as rePorted

Worth

control.
This is

DDO:

the DOC.

Keep us posted.

NORAD:WILCO.
PEOC:
DDO:

DDO,

PEOC.

This 1.s the

PEOC: Is there
speed for

any chance they can define

maybe that'll

US;

DDO:

Roger,

DDO.

.high

help.

stand by. Can we get a definition

of

what: hiQh speed is?
DDO:

HORAD,DDO.

DDO:

NORAD,DDO.

Can

assist?

YOU

NORA»:NORAD.
Go ahead.
DDO:

information.

Roger. We're just

There is

speed was or any other
. p_a.rt:ic.ular aircraft

a request

looking
for

information

.lUld_l1owfar

just

any aMi tional

how fast

you can get.

<?'It.is

NORA»:Roger. 1: can get

for

that

it

CD

This is the DDO we're

DDO:

HORAn,this

is

information.

standing

the 000.

target

from the ranch?

by.
DDO:

high

by.

Stand

or

OSD(I)

108
'!OP SECRET

NOnD:

This is NORAD. Go ahead DDO.

DDO: Roger. Based on this last info%lD8.tion,the
question it makes me' ask is there an active CAP over Air
Force One right now?
NORAD: This is HORAn.

Stand by. Let me verify

that Air Foree One has, in fact, gone airborne with that.
DDO: Roger. Even if they haven' t gone airborne
it's important to know whether there's an active CAP over
it.
HORAD: Roger, understand.

We do have two on the

ground and two en route from Ellington and X will check on
the status of those.
DDO: Roger. Do need to encourage the aircraft to
get airborne as soon as possible.
HORAD: understood.
PEOC: 000, PEOC •
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: OK. Service has taken actions towards the
ranch. We just need to get clarity on what the target is

w.

•••

'M...

. •

'.

,.....

._. _

. . .•..

. .•~.

.'

...

,..

.

_..

__ .•

.

.

..

and any more information that we' can get in order to pass
that to the service and all those folks t~t
ranch now.
PEOC: Roger.

'ROP SSem!l'

are at the

USD{I)

109
lI'OP SEcml'l'
NORAn:

information

And, HORAn copy, stand by.

coming in right

HORAn:

information

They have lost

track

got more

now_.

Break, break,

on that

I've

this

is NORAD.

Further

headed towards the ranch area.

radar contact

at current,

excuse me, at last

known heading and speed. Will be over the ranch area

right

about this

on the

time,

almost immediately.

phone with wa~o control
if

it

to see if

We're currently

they have any contact

but

remains under radar we won't see it.
DDO:

This is

the

DDO.

Understand.

PEOC,

acknowledge.
PEQC:

PEOC

copies,

thanks.

A:IRFORCE:HORAn this

is Air Force.

Could you say

where ranch is?
NORAD:

disposal.

This is HORAD.

:I can see if

I

don't

at my

:I can find out for you.

A:IRPORCE:JUst a general
is,

have that

location

of where it

sir.
NQ:R!J>:
DDO:

Rog_e;:
~ .~~.~. by •.

This is

DDO.

Air Force,

the ranch is

Crawford, Texas.
A:IRFORCE:Crawford, Texas, copy.
EA.: All conferees

please

~OP SBenE".P

stand by.

in

USD(I)
E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g) .

110

SECRB'P

'lap

Roger, Il..-- ~ DDO, radio check.

DDO:
DOO,

I

1

_

comms check.
EA.:

conference.

Break, break •

,.......-

liS not in the

__

I'm bringing them back in now, sir.

~

Ihears you loud and clear.

_______

~Ihas you loud and clear.

The last calling station say again,

DDO:

1,-__

reference

....,1

I

1

I This

is 1

1 we

have you loud and

c~ear.
This is the DDO, roger. General Bostick,

DDO:

noo.
DDO:

'-

I

I
I Stand

DDO.

by sir. He stepped

away for a

second.
DDO:

use your

V"l'C

Roger. A message, we need to make sure you

capability is up and running. Give us an

update once you have it up.
I
now, sir.

------'

I~r.~

I

~.a~ili~¥

~'re

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

I E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a) I

'lap

SEeRET

I

working right

I

*

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

USD{:r)

111
TOP SECRET

I E.O.

13526, section 1.4(a)

I

* I Roger,

then sir, :r'll get with General

Bostick.
DOO: Roger.
AXR FORCE: DDO, Air Force.
DIX>:

Air Force, DDO.

AIR FORCE: Roger. Confirm lo~ation

of Sec oaf.

DDO: Sec Def is still in the Pentagon.
AXR FORCE: Roger.

* I Brig

Gen Winfield, Brig Gen Bostick, at

*
AIR FORCE: Generals Bostick and Winfield,

roger.

PEOC: Did you get the massage reference getting
the VTC up and also letting us know once you're capable of
transfer of authority.

* I Roger.

We're up on COMMS right now.

PEOC: Roger, understand.

Do you have ETA when you

are CAPABLE of transferring control of conference?

* I Say

again last transmission.

PEOC: Roger. Just interested

'POP SJ!lem!Pl'

in knowing when you

USD(I)

112
TOp·S!lem;tP
think you'll be ready with transfer of control of
conference.

II

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

I Right,

understand. I was talking with

Secretary Wolfowitz and Secretary White, the Ar.my
Secretary,

and trying to decide at this end where the best

place to run operations out of. The DEPSECDEF is trying to
get in touch with the SECDE!".

Secretary White personally

felt he would rather run his operations out of operations
center there in the Pentagon. And, the DEPSECDEF,
believe, is going to ask the SECDEF

X

for his read given

current status at the Pentagon, whether it's better to
operate out of there or here. But, we'll be set regardless
within 10-15 minutes.
DDO: Roger. X understand.

'!'hedecision will be

made that we can continue to maintain control here in
addition to the Army?
E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

to

go

... __~~~ft.

I

I

IRight.

The desire of Secretary White i8

back. He thought he would give a date to come out

_~~._4.~~.;~~~
__~~_.g9__~~_C;~_~~_._~

__~A!J_~
_;-~_t}.:C?~~_

_~~~_~~_!..

get a number of injuries on the Army side. DEPSECDEF
comfortable

is

either way. He just wanted to talk it oVer with

the SECDEP. They're trying to link those two up right now.
DDO: This is DDO. Understand.

'Pep SECRm

0

__

0_.

USD(I)

113

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

'fOP Sl!ICfiBIl'

______
~I Okay.

I should be back to you shortly

to

let you know we're up and ready to take control if that's
what the Chairman desires.
DDO: This is DDO, roger. We'll be standing

________ lIB
available?

the Director

Gen Kellogg

by.

of the Joint Staff

is trying to link up with him.

DDO: Say again your last question.
'-available?

11s the Director

of the Joint Staff

He had sent Gen. Kellogg in here as the senior

uniform member and Kellogg wanted to talk.
DOO: Roger. He stepped out for a minute.

When

he's back on I'll give you a call.
______ ----JIOkaythank
,
you.
EA: All conferees

please stand by.

I E.O.13526, section

DDO:

apparently

Rog-er•

.And

I

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

1.4(g)

also, his team is standing by

if you all need help.

lPOP

SBCJU5I1"

USD{I)

114

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

~P

___

SElCm!!'f'

---JIRoger,sir, I'll relay.

DDO: Roger. '!'heywere told that we can relay
should they need documentation.

D

Roger, sir, we'll relay.
Brigadier General Bostick.

DDO,

DDO: Gen. Bostick, also before you go, the
Director just walked back in and he wanted me to put him on
or we can have him call directly

into yOU and we'll patch

it through to Gan. Kellogg.
___

----JI
Roger. J:' 11 look forward to the phone

call. We'll do a direct line contact.
DDO: Roger.
000

__

1

,

1_----'

ODO: This is the DDO.
~ __

---JI
Roger, sir. Do we have a good number for

Admiral Frye?
DDO: Stand by.
___

This is the DDO.

----JI
That would be Dset

___
~4._d~,--_~~~_._______
___

_ ____

______ _

D
on the secure

___

_

__

DDO: That's RED switch if YOU've got that
capability.
___

---JI
Roger, sir. Thank you.

EA: All conferees please stand by.

I
'fOP SBeRE'!'

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

USD(:I)

115
~OP SHeM'!'
DDO:HORAn,DOO.Do we have any update
unknown that

was heading

in the vicinity

on that

of Crawford,

TexaS?
DDO:HORAn,DDO

HORAD:Yeah,
has no further
infor.mation
generating

this

is NORAD,DDO. :I copy. HORAn

information

we received
fighter

on those

was that

fighter

Stand

DOO:Roger.
that

:I had correctly

fact

generating

·1
Ft.

Worth and Waco wi1l.

DDO say again.

by.

I

I was just

understand

fighters

to

go

repeating
Ft.

that

to confi%1ll

Worth and Waco are

in

check out the unknown in the

of CraW£ord.
NORAn:

an update

worth and Waco were

support.

NORAD:

vicinity

Ft.

The last

support.

DDO:Roger. Understand
generate

tracks.

on their

That's

location,

DDO:This is
troRAD:

affirmative.
I'll

Sir.

As soon as :I have

update.

DDO.We're standing

by.

CORR,NORAD.

CORR:COD. Stand by for

Gen. Arnold.

NORAD:Copy.
COHR:Stand by one for
CORR:Gen. Arnold,

Gen. Arnold.

CONK.

'POP BBCRE'P

tJSD(I)

116
!POP SE~T

HORAD: This is the Air Officer at Cheyenne
Mountain. :r tried to get a verification,

sir, on the chat

line from your ADDO. We're receiving reports that the
original report of an aircraft out of San Diego en route to
Denver area was false. Can we verify that with you, sir?
CONR: Yeah, hang on a second. We Wlderstand
to be the case, that there was an intel

that

support as opposed

to a FAA request. So, we're not tracking them and the FAAis not tracking it. So, as far as we know it doesn't exist.
But, we're still maintaining
Colorado/Offutt

the track over the

area and we're working with an AWACS

aircraft to maintain coverage. ~n addition, we're
maintaining

a CAP over the President or we're in the

process of establishing that CAP with four fighters,
tankers and AWACS.
NORAD: NORAD copies here, thank you.
CONR: Okay.
EA.: All

-~~.: ..~~,

conferees please stand by.

.P~-~- ..

NORAe: KORAl).
DDO: HORAD, we have a Rorean airliner squawking
hijack code heading toward Anchorage,
confirm?

'POP SBCM'P

Alaska. Can you

USD(I)

117
'!'OP SECRE'.P
NORAD:
Stand by.

There is a Korean airliner

stand hy. Stand by for,.your update'.
this

Break, hreak.

National,

1s NORAD
with an update.
DDO:This is the DDO,please
NORAD:
Roger, sir.

track

possible

trail.

hijack,

we currently

support

details

of that

aircraft

update.

to the Alaskan

have two aircraft

we have additional

Additionally,

provide

In reference

Almaden and two more out of Galina that
for

--

and we'll

aircraft

in

out of

had been scrambled
patch

through with

as we get them.
DDe>:Roger. Can you conf i%1ll.
whether the squawking

the hijack

code?
NORAD:
That is correct,

sir.

They are squawking

hijack.
DDO:Roger.
PEOC:And, DDOthis

is PEOC. Is that

inbound or

outbound to Alaska?
000: That is
the original

inbound to Fairbanks,

.termi~;.!.~~_C!~__
~~~_,_~~
_~~~~.."
__
._...

Alaska with
..

._.

._ _ _...

PEOC:Roger.
STRATCOM:
Break, break,
connand center.'
task

force

DDO.This is

Wehave a request

204 for AWACS
support

S'l'RATCOH

from Air Force One via
while they're

TOE' SHeu'!'

flying.

.. .__

USD(I)

118
TOP SSCR!B"P
Over.
DDO: Roger.

Please

stand

support

for

We ware told

COKRplease

by.

confirm

that

that

was inbound.

we have AWACS

Air Force One?

CONR:CONR.Stand by

one.

AIR FORCE:DDO this
DDO:

Air Force -,

Al:R FORCE:Roger.
already

that

tasked,

is Air Force

-

DDO.

We confirmed

AWACS
support

coming out of Tinker.

DDO: Roger,

sir.

Do you when it

will

be on

station?
AIR FORCE:Stand by we'll

con;
right

And, CONRconfirms

now Tinker

on that

DDO: This

is

E-3 for

the DDO,

check.
the

Air Force One.
roger.

NORAD:And, NORAD copies.
time of take

off

We're

standing

Do we have an estimated

Sir,

Gen. Arnold

go ahead;

at CONR.

000.

CONR:We're goiZlg to come up on this
another
that

phone and I'm going to have Col.

phone but we have to go to a different

They've

by.

for Air Force One?

CORR:This is
DIX>:

same. We're checkiDg

kind of spy planed

us right

now.

loop on

Duckett

monitor

location.

·

OSD(Z)

119
DDO: Roger, sir.
CONK: We'll fall back into the net

in about 30

seconds.
DOO: Roger, .sir.
HORAD: Break, break. This is NORAD with

an

update.

0.00: HORAn,

DDO; send your update.

HORAD: Roger. This is NORAD with an update.

We

just received some intel that eight Ryder vans may be en
route to the Cheyenne Mountain complex. '!'he installation
commander has directed

that we close up blast doors. Say

again, Cheyenne Mountain

is closing blast doors in respoXl.se

to possible threat of eight Ryder trucks en route from
dowut9WU to the Cheyenne Mountain

complex. NORAD complete.

DDO: This is the DOO, roger.
PEOC:

DDO,

radar fast moving

PEOC.

Anymore update on the below

target towards the ranch in Texas?

HORAD: This is NORAD.

...~

.._._..__.

..

._.p
. Q:lJ;l~._.....__~ _.__. ._.__..__
. .
DDO:

on updates

._.__
._
. ._
.._._._....
_._..... .

at this

._.._._.

..__.

Last cal.l.!ngstation, DDO; you have traffic.

DIX>: BOHAl),
HORAn:
DDO:

.._.._._.._.

Negative

DIX).

This is IfORAI),

go ahead.

Roger. We have reports that aircraft

'fOP SBemR

were

.

.

_

T1SD(I}

120
TOP SECD'f
scrambled to deal with the low flying aircraft heading
towards Crawford, Texas. DO we have anything

in that area

that can tell us what's going on? Do we have visual on the
ranch or anything?
RORAD:

We're working that contact right now, sir.

We don't have confir.mation of an actual scramble. The only
word we got was they were working on tactical action. We
are-querying

right now to see if they took any tactical

action on that event.
DDO: Roger. Please keep us informed

as soon as

you get something.
RORAD:

EA: All conferees please

stand by.

EA: All conferees please

stand b,y.

DDO:

E.O.13526,section

1.4(g)

taLCO.

'l'bisis the DDO.
1 Brig.

I 1

Gen. Bostick here. 1'here's a SV"rC

that's going to be conducted that includes

PECC, State, the

FBX, DOHS, HHCC, X'. sure, and X'. sure others. DEPSECDEF
wants to be included in that but based on the double
encryption

that we don't have capability

at this location.

Can't enter it. I don't believe we need that double
encryption.

So, X need to find out if there is a way to put

that coaferance

at a level of encryption

'1'01'SEettE'f

that we can handle

USD(I)

121
TOP

SSGRE'1'

from out here.
DDO: Roger. We'll get same smart people on that
now.
E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

________10K,

and, our folks are working it as

well. Z think DZA has put the conference together. But, our
folks are working it here and we'll stay in touch with you
on this.
DDO: Roger, say again your last.

'--

-'1 1:

believe DIA is running this particular

SVTC. Z don't know for sure. Z just know some of the
players and the DEPSECDEF said that he needed to be in that
and talking to the Comma folks here based on the double
encryption we can't get into that particular SVTC. So,
we'll work it from this end. As Z understand it if

we

drop

the encryption on the conference and then bring it back up
to a level that we're capable of 1

1

then we'll be

okay.
DDO: Roger. What's the timeline on the
--

-.-------

conference?

---

-._---- ---- --------

What are we working on?

-- ------------_._-------------------------.

'--

I This

- --._--- ------- -- - --------.--

-- .. _. -- .--.------- --- -----------

is DDOiL__----,
__.....J1 'I'm going to have to

get back to you on that.
DDO: Roger, we'll start working but we nead to
know how much time we have.
1

'lOP SECRZT

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

I

OSD(:I) . E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

122
'POP SHeRB"

___ --'I

Roger

I

we'll

get back to you.

DDO:PEOC,DDO.
DDO:PEOC,DDO.
PEOC:This is PEOC.Lt Col Thompsonspeaking.
DDO:Roger. Are you a~l collating
going to be a little

the SV'rC that's

later?

PEOC:Hold

ODe

SOTSutton.

What can ~ do?

DDO:Roger. 'l'here' s a SV'l'C going to be convened
sometime, 1: didn't
And,

I

-l~he Deputy Secretary

we're being told
get in there.
we're

get the time,

trying

is,

Wedon't
to figure

out whether you all

encryption

Roomcontrols

afternoon.
there

and

to be able to

have those codes apparently.
control

level

where it

really

control

And,
it

and

meets

capability.

PEOC:Okay, wel~, we don't
The Sit

in fact,

they need double encryption

maybe you could bring the conference
our current

On this

later

the actual

it.

SVTC.

DDO:Roger. Say again who controls.

DDO:Roger, we'll

work through them.

PEOC:Thanks.

·IL

-li DDO,this

is Dool

DDO:This is the DDO.

----'

I E.O. 13526, section

1.4(g)

USD{I)

123

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)
!'oP S2CilE!'
~

Roger. This is apparently

on-going

and

believe NHCC in that area outside your normal work area is
working

the SVTC and included

in this particular

SVTC that

the DEPSECOEF is trying to get in on ;:
ODO: Roger, we got it, you're right. It's still
going on.

Let us try to work some magic--no

_________ IOK, and on
the NMCC, ~

guarantees.

this end we're operational

Iwe'reworking

the

CAT

team and we'll be

able to give you a status on their operational
Regarding

~

direction.

status.

team, before I left ~ gave them directions

those that live in areas where

in

to

they can move in this

They already left and are en route. SOl

should

have about half the team en route. But, we're currently
operational

with the folks that I have here.

DDO: R~er,
passed

that's great news. Also, we just

the information

reference

to (indiscernible)

to move back. I'll just take that
there's no objection.

I Okay,

thank you.

DDO: Roger.
DDO: !lORAn, DDO.
E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

if

I know he would go through the Sec

FYI.

____

(indiscernible>

wanting

USD{I)

124
TOP SBCRE'l'
lJOR.AD:

This is

DDO:Roger.
you're

NORAD.Go ahead.

The White House wants to know whether

secure •
.NORAD:This

is NORAO. That's affirmative

at

this

time.
DDO:This is

DDO,thank you. And, RORAD,DDO

again.
NORAD:Go ahead,

sir.

DDO: Can you confirm

that

we baVe that

CAPup

over Air Porce One? Over.
HORAn:I'. attempting
and :I'm now trying

to get

and send a fighter

escort.

to confirm

a take-off

DDO: I'm sure you're
having

time for

it

now, sir,

Air Porce One

off-line.

Are you

any luck?
NORAD:Not yet,

sir.

000: Roger. We'll
this

doing

that

try

to work it

end as well.
---

TAPE#3,

NORAD:Roger.

(long pause)

SIDE 2.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOe: DDO, PEDe.

Go

ahead.

TOP SeCRET

off-line

from

OSD(J:)

125
TOP seeRB!'
DDO: We're gettin~ inquiries from members of
Congress. They want to know whether we've executed a
continuity of government. Can you help out with that?
HORAD: Stand by.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC •
DDO: DOO.
PEOC: Stand by. We're trying to figure out if we
can clear that information. The fact is we have. We just
don't know if that information is cleared for all :III8lDbers
of Congress or not.
DDO: Roger, understand.
PEOC: Stand. by.
DDO: And RAOC, we are still waiting for
in£ormation on whether the CAP is up over Air Force One.
OORAn: This is HORAn. Air Force One is not
airborne at this time. We do have that CAP in place and we
do have two aircraft on the ground and his E-3 is en route.
DDO: Roger, understand. There are physically
aircraft in the air for the CAP and the two that we also
talked about that are refueling are, in fact, on the
ground. Is that correct?
HORAn: ~hat is correct.
DDO: Roger, thank you much. HORAD, DDO.

!POP S!!!OREl'i'

OSD(I)

126
TO)! SECRB'f'
NORAD: Go

ahead, sir.

DDO: Reference to that XAL Korean airliner, need
to find out whether it was diverted also, determine whether
the aircraft interceptors are, in fact, on its tail.
NORAD:

Roger, sir. I can confirm that we do have

fighters in trail. We do have fighters in trail. ~
understanding

is that we have not been able to make radar

contact to this point. We're still attempting to get
contact with the aircraft.
DDO: Roger, understand

fighters are in trail but

we don't have contact with the aircraft.
HORAD: That's affirmative,

sir, to the best of my

DDO: Roger. If you get different information
please pass that.
HORAD: WILCO.
EA: All conferees please stand by.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DOO: PEOC, DDO.

PEOC: In talking to our folks here, we have
exercised that continuity of gover.ament as you know but
that's not information we necessarily

want to pass to all

members of Congress. The members of Congress who are

OSO(I)

·127
IJ:'OP

involved

in that

are already

SECJlEIl'
aware that

DDO:Roger, understand.

That's

we've exercised

it.

the answer we

Deeded.
PEOC:Thanks.
DOO:Roger. One other
Linhart

who we believe

Dumber that

thing

is a Sergeant

he can call

to talk

do you acknowledge the last

PEOC,Major General
of Arms, is

to you all?

there

(pause)

a

PEOC,

question?

ODO:PEOC, ODO.
DDO:PEOC
I
DDO.
ANR: General
DDO:Sir,
EA this

is

Schwartz at MR.

this

is

the DDOdo you have traffic?

the DDOplease

confirm that

PEOCis

still

in

the conference.
EA: Roger.

PEOC: DDO,PEOC.
DDO:Roger. We just
you. The Sergeant

wanted to pass

of A:rms - Maj

GEm

PEOC: Okay, give me that

I E.O. 13526, section

1<----

DDO:

Linhart

that

- Congress

number.

_

1.4(g)
PEOC:1

continuity

of goverument.

---'1 that

number to

has to do with

USD(I)

128

'fOP SEeH!'
DDO: Roger, that's in reference
PEOC: Okay

I

to that.

we'll czU1 on him.

PEOC: DDO, I've got some logistical

information

for you.
DDO: This is the DDO, identify yourself please.
Send logistical

information.

PEOC: Okay, FAA, if you're up also, this is also
for you.
DDD: Roger. Again, identify yourself.
PEOC: This is the PEOC.
DDO: Roger, PEOC. Send traffic.
PBOC: We have the Secret Service vehicles
Jacksonville.

We have Secret Service vehicles

in

in sarasota

that we're going to move to Offutt. We also have a BMX
asset in Sarasota and we will move to Offutt. We have a 141
in Jacksonville

that will take off in one hour to move

those three cars from Jacksonville
17 at MacDill

to Offutt. We have a C-

that will take off in one hour to

Sarasota to pick up_~he remaining
Any specific permissions

go

to

cars to take to Offutt.

or directions

we need from the FAA

on this?
DDD: NORAD, this is the DDO. Do you monitor aJ.1
the logistical

support that'S being provided

TOP SECRE'f'

for Offutt?

129

USO(I)
'lOF SECRE'f

NORAD: This is MORAD. That's affirmative,

sir.

PEOC: Roger, out.
ODO: PEOC, thank you much.
PEOC: Do we need any kind of permission

from FAA

on these?
ODO: FAA please respond.
FAA: Yes, you do. Stand by and I'll

get a number

for you.
PEOC: Okay.
ODO, ODO at

I

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(g)

ODO:

I

1__

1

I Yeah,

IL..-

ODO.
.e've got J-34 onboard.

DDO: Roger. understand.
AIR

_

J-34

is onboard.

FORCE: DDO, Air Force.

DDO: '!'hisis the DDO.
AIR FORCE: Roger. I've got a call from the FAA
about an air evac flight at Al.bany, New York being he-ld up
apparently by military security.
___________~D~DO~:~R~Qg~~~
NORAn is addressing all of that.~
directly through the FAA. If we need to intervene please
let us know.

AIR FORCE: Roger.
NORAD: And, HORAn haa clearance direction.

_

USD(I)

130
'rOP SECitET

DDO:Break, this
the Vice President

is

is

the DDO.Dr. Rice and also

looking

!tAL. Again, Korean airliner,

for

another

update

on that

we need a quick update

on

that.
NORAD:
Roger. This is
information

at this

with fighters

t~e.

Still

NORAD.
Wehave no further
unable on radio

contact

in trail.

DDO:Roger. We're getting
the aircraft

was

hear in this

conference

I

in fact,

some mixed reports

responding

that

to a hail

we couldn't

that

and we also

make contact

with

them. Could you clarify?
NORAD:
Can you say that

again please?

DDO:Roger. We're getting
from another
responding

source that

to calls.

were not responding

conflicting

we were told

On this

conference

to ca.1Is.

that

information

the aircraft

we stated

Can you identify

that

was
they

or can you

upda.te?
NORAD:
:I cannot clarify

_______ ._.

have _~

at this

_pn the _~Qn~_ren~_?__.
DDO:Roger. Say it

time.

._______

Do we still

_ __

.__
.

again do we have whom?

NORAD:
Roger, Alaska !lORAnRegion.
DDO:CONRis up.
NORAD:
Roger, sir.

Looking for Alaska.

'f'OP SBCRB'f'

Okay.

.

..

._.

..

USD(I)

131
'POP SKCRET

Well, we'll work offline with Alaska, sir.
DDO: This is the DDO. We'll be standing by
because people are pretty anxious about getting that data.
Please get it to us as soon as you have it.
HORAn: Onderstood,
PEoe:

sir. I'm in the samebaat.

DDO, PEOC.

DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Was PAA going to pass us a number·to
directly

the logistical

work

flights out of Florida the Secret

Service assets to Offutt?
DDO: Roger. It should be worked offline.

Let me

know if that's not happening.
PEOC: Okay. Well, they were going to pass us a
number to work that offline.
DDO: Roger, please pass that.
NORAD: NORAn with an input.
FAA: DDO, PAA.
DDO: !lORAD. Stand by FAA. Sorry. Shoot. NORAD
----~----------

let's hear your inputs.

._-_._------ --------------------~------.------

HORAD: Yes, do we have any updates on the take.,.
off time for Air Force One? There are CAPs burning on the
runway and we'd like to know if it's imminent or awhile.
DDO: Roger, stand by. We'll try to get it

!'OP SEed!'

132

USD(I}
'fOP SECRE
offline.
NORAD:Copy that.
CONR:This

is

CONKwith

DDO: ONRthis

is

a question.

DDO. Send your traffic.

CONR:Did we declare

SCAT.AHA?
Did NORADdeclare

SCATAHA?
NORAD:This

is NORAD.That's.

affirmative,

sir.

SCA'l'AllA
has been declared.
CONK:Okay, just
thought

it

there

was some confusion

here.

I

was.
DDO: HORAD,DDO. For clarification

you declared

did

you say

SCATANA?

NORAD:That is

correct.

CINC NORAD
declared

SCATANA.
DDO:Roger.
the

S.creta~

coordination

with

of Defense?

NORAD:That's
DDO: Roger.
_________________

he did that

And,

affirmative,
That's

good

sir.
information.

what_t_im~L~as__it __q~qlg_~?

------------------------------

NORAD:Stand by one,
EA: All

conferees

NAOC:DDO, this

NORAD,DDO

sir.

please
is

DDO: NAOCSecondary

stand

by.

HAOCSecondary.
this

'i'OP SBCRiPl'

is

DDO.

USD(I)

133
!'6P

SBefm'l"

NAOC: Sir, we've not copied what HORAn declared.
Could you repeat, please?
DDD: You're really coming in broken. Say it agai~
a little slower.
RAOC: MAOC Secondary did not copy what DDO -correction, what NORAD declared. Could you repeat please?
DDO: Roger. SCATANA. They declared SCATAHA. We're
trying and that's the acronym - SCATARA. zt was declared
and we're trying to get the time that it was executed.
NORAn: Roger. 'l'hisis NaRAD, stand by for time.
HORAn: OX. This is NORAD. At the time of 1546
Zulu CINe NORAD declared SCATANA with the exception of
NAVAiDS. That was called into question later on by the 000.
Z will work on getting a time that it was verified with the

SECDEF.
DDO: Roger, understand with the exception of
NAVAIDS. S~Y again that reference SECDEP.
HORAn: The DOO had mentioned

that SECDEI!'was

request.:lnga conference._betw~en CZHC NORAD, the SECD~

~

the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs regarding declaration
of SCATAn

and as soon as I can I will get a time when that

verified with the SECDEP.
DDD: Roger. That will be useful. But understand

_

USD{I)

134
.I.-V&'"

.,a.....•
u:::a""

it was CINC exeeuted.
NORAD: This is HORAn.
DDO: This is DDO.
HORAn: We have SCA'l'ANAexecuted at 1747 Zulu.
DDO: Roger, wait a second. First you said it was
executed at 1546 Zulu.
NORAD: Okay, let me elarify. It was ordered at
1546 Zulu at which time it was called into question ~
DDO because the Sec Def was requesting

the verification

the
via

conference with himself, C~NC HORAn and the vice Chairman
of the Joint Chiefs. They have verified

that and SCA'l'AHA

has been executed. I say again, executed at 1747 Zulu.
DDO: And, roger, understand.

And still with the

exception of RAVAIDS.
HORAD: That's affirmative
JU,VAIDS. And, we have a correction
execution

._._.

to that. The actual.

time is 1547 Zul.u.
DDO: Roger, understand.

____

with the exception of

ExecutioJ;l1547 Zulu was

order.ed__~is_that __
correc_t?

.

.

._.

HORAn: That's affirmative.
DDO: Roger. We are really l.ooking for that KAI.
update.
HORAn: As are we, sir. We're trying to maintain

TOP SHeRBT

_

OSlJ{I}

135
TOP SECRB'f
comma with Alaska offline and get information. It's just
not forthcoming at this time.
DDO: Roger. Can we patch him into this
conference?
NORAD: Yes, that would be great if we can do
that. We had them in the conference before and they had
dropped.
DDO: Roger, give a quick number please.
HORAD: Roger. STRATCOM: EA, are you on1ine?
STRATCOM: STRATCOM, online.
NORAD: Roger. Sir, believe it was your EA that
had added on to the conference. Do you still have that
number and. can we· still add them in?
STRATCOM: This is STRATCOM. I'm not certain what
you're referring to. My executive assistant?
NORAD: That's correct. The

EA

that brought up the·

conference at the outlying Alaska HORAn region into the
conference at one point. What we're requesting is that they
----------.-----bring--them.-in-again.--------.--------------------~STRATCOM: Roger, X'll get them to do it. Who do
you want in the conference?
NORAn: The Alaskan HORAD region operations,
STRA'l'COM:Roger.

TOP

SECDT

sir.

OSD(I)

136
'fOP S:eCRB':P

NORAD: Break, break. This is NORAD.
made the request

I believe

we

for Gen. Schwartz to be in the conference.

DDO: Roger.
DOO: That's not a problem. We can bring

him in.

NORAD: Roger.
FAA:

roo,

FAA.

DDO: This is
STRATCOM:

Doo.

Send your traffic?

NORAD, DDO, this is STRATCOM.

should be in on the conference

now.

DDO: Roger. Roger again, they referring
We've got a couple of people
STRATCOM:

They

to whom?

trying to come in.

(Indiscernible) Alaska.

DDO: Roger, say again whom please.
PEOC: DOO, PEOC.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: The latest update we have from Secret
Service, we got this from FAA, is that Korean
en route to Anchorage,
Horse, Canada.

Alaska

air flight 85

is being diverted

to White

Is that what you have?

------------------------------------DDO:-We--didn-'-t-have-comms-;--Onderstand--Korean------------airliner

85 is being diverted

to Canada?

PEOC: To White Horse, Canada. Can you verify

that

through FAA. I'll link online and also we need to still get

'l'OP SECRET

137

USD(I)
TOP
that number

S!!eItE'f

for the FAA for those logistical

flights out of

Florida.
DDO: Roger. FAA stand by to provide.

We can't

confirm that. HORAD, this is the DDO can you confirm

the

divert of KAL 85?
HORAD: Roger, this is HORAD. We're

attempting

to

confirm that.
DDO: Roger.
FAA: DDO, FAA.
DDO: FAA, DOO.
FAA: I have the numbers

that theY're requesting

when you're ready to copy?
DOO: Roger

I

send your numbers.

FAA: Area code (703) 787-8179

or 8351 or 9307 or

8320.
DDO: Okay, understand.

(703) 787-8179,

8351, or

9307.
FAA: And, 8320.
DDO: Roger.
_

_ __ .

.

._._. .

FAA.: Thank_.you.___
MARINE

.-.--------

CORPS: DOO, this is the Marine

Corp.

DDO: This is the DDO. Say your traffic.
MARINE

CORPS: Can you clarify.SCATANA

TOP

SBCREr:l'

or define

138

OSD(I)
'fOP SJ!l~
SCATANA?
DDO: You said
just

the

fact

the

clarify.

time that

You mean explanation

it

or

was executed?

KAlUNECORPS:The former.

Can you clarify,

define

it?
DDO: Roger,
means that

stand

HORAD
closed

all

by. '!'his is
the

air

the DDO. SCATANA

space with exceptioD

of

RAVAIDS.
MAIlINECORPS:Roger,

so copied.

DDO: And, BOllAD,as we look at
the
is

Korean airliner
something

85 we still

in the direction

speci~ically,

the

President's

HORAn:Roger,
DDO: Roger.

the

information

Deed to know whether
of Crawford,

there

Texas,

ranch.

I understand,

sir.

Lots of anxious

people.

Let us know

when you have something.
FAA:

DDO,FAA.

DDO: FAA, DDO.
________________________

l"AALI

sorry,

that

u.:a4erstand that

SCATAHA
has been implemented
DDO: Negative.

correction

NORAD
has been

We have

at

~54'?

I'm

~74'Zulu?

1547. They made a

to it.
FAA: Oh, they made it

at

--

on

USD(I)

139
IJ.lOF SB~'l

DDO: Roger. Thatrs their clarification.

The order

was initiated at 1546 and it was executed at 1547 Zulu with
the exception of HAVAIDS.
FAA: With the exception of NAVAIDS?
DDO: That's correct.
FAA: Okay.

DDO: HORAn,
HORAn:

DDO.

Go ahead, sir.

DDO: Roger. We've given you quite a few missions.
Let me just prioritize. The number one priority is let us
know what's going on with ltAL 85.
HORAn:
KAL

Roger, sir. :r just received an update on

85. They were instructed to divert to White Horse,

Canada. They declared their intention to transfer to
Yakutat which I have a latitude and longitude for. They are
not following their directions for divert. They are heading
to Yakutat air base.
DDO: Roger. Help me out with directions.
away fr~

U~,

the continental United States or?

NORAD: It's in Alaska, sir.
DDO: Say again, it's en route?
NORAD: In Alaska, sir.
DDO: Roger. E'l'A?

Is that

USD(I)

140
TC. SECRft
NORAn: I will check on that, sir. Don't have an
ETA at this point.
DDO: Roger. And, understand still heading towards
Anchorage, Alaska.
HORAn: He was heading towards Yakutat,

Alaska.

DDO: Yakutat, spell it please.
HORAn: Actually, t sir, I don't even know how to
spell that.
DDO: Is that an island or is that the mainland.
Do you know?
HORAD: I believe it's within -- justa

second,

sir, I've got it right here. I say Y-a-k-u-t-a-t.
DDO: Roger. I had another conversation

going.

Spell it again, please.
HORAD: Roger. Y-a-k-u-t-a-t.
DDO: Roger, and, is he still squawking the hij ack
code?
HORAn: That's affirmative,
__________

sir.

D_DO._=_R_o_g=-er
~ And, understand we have direct comma

with that aircraft.
HORAD: The fighters in trail do have contact,
yes, sir. They have passed the requested divert to White
Horse, Canada and the aircraft has announced

TOI' SECftE'l'

its intention

USD(I)

141
1'61' SBemft'
to go to Yakutat

instead.

DDO:Roger, we're

going to get back with you.

AJ:RFORCE:DDO,Air Force.

DDO,Air Force.

DCC,

Air Force.
DDO: Do we have an ETAon that
out

DDO:Roger. Keep us posted

at

this

with with

point.
it

when you

the update.
NORAn:Roger. National,

told

heading

to Yakutat?
HORAD:This is MORAD. Negative

get

aircraft

the

this

ETA is 30 to 40 minutes

into

is

NORAD.:!'m being

Yakutat.

NATIONAL:
Roger.
PEOC: DDO,this

is

PEOC.

DDO:PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Okay. Understand
aircraft

is being escorted
DDO: That is

couple

of birds,

that's

is

30 to

that

correct.

:!t's

40 minutes

and that

correct?
being

trailed

~

correct.

~EQC..;_Than1LY-~.
_
AJ:RPORCE:DDO,Air Porce.
DDO: Air Force,

DDO.

AIR FORCE:The First
Andrews they

have three

times,

Helicopter
8 passenger

'!'OP SB~

Squadron at
helicopters

a

USD(I}

142
SECRET

T6P

available

on stand ~

for

air

lift.

DDO:Roger. Understanding
A~RFORCE:Negative.

you're

at Anacostia?

They are at Andrews.

DDO:Roger, understand..

Sorry,

I meant Andrews"

Roger. Thank you much.
EA: A11 conferees

please

DDA: Gen. Schwartz,

stand by.

this

is

the DDA. Sir,

are you

in the conference?
PEOC:

DDO,PEOC.
DDO.

DDO: PEOC,
PEOC:

guess,

We're getting

on the airplane,

conflicting

And also,

_________________________________
~Q~ __y~

continuity

we do but

why they're

Sir,

__t~~~!~~~

Do

you knOw

stand

by.

We'll

HORAD,
nDO - what we want to know have

we asked specifically
HORAn:

location.

is?

DDO:Roger, we think
ask again.

I

the KAL. We've heard White Horse.

We've heard Anchorage and one other
what the ground truth

information,

I

squawking hijack?

am trying

to get that

information

" 1f~__
~~~__
~~_~
_l?-av;_~~_~n~_~_~c::k
__
C?E-

_

of information.
DDO:Roger. Please

Specifically,

ask that

HORAn:

have the

question

if

Roger.

'1'OfJ SECRET

it

team work that

in.

has not been asked.

USD(I)

143
'fOP

S!'.:GtE'l'

DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC, go ahead.
000:

Roqer. Did you get what you need from HORAn?

PEOC: From HORAn,
000:

no, not yet.

Roger, Stand by again. What we think we have

ground truth is this. The - aircraft
fighters.

is in trail by two

They were hailed and told to divert to White

Horse, Canada. What we have now is that they have responded
they would not do that but they would continue
Anchorage

but to Yakutat, Alaska.

That's

to not to

Y-a-k-u-t-a-t.

PEOC: Okay.
DDO: Roger. And, the same question
the Vice President

just asked

you're asking

well. HORAD, DDO, again,

&S

can you shed a little more light?
HORAn: Roger, sir. I'm getting
reports

at this time. What we do know for a fact is that

the aircraft
geographic,
----- -_. _._--- - ----------

is en route to Yakutat.
Yakutat

For those who need the

is just south of the western most part

of Canada on the tail of Alaska

----- -- ------ - ---------- --- - - - - - - - -

Canada.

conflicting

--- -----

that dips underneath
--- ----

-------------

They are en route to that· location.

two fighters

in trail and we are attempting

they are, in fact, still squawking
intentions

hijack

that they may have passed

Il'GP

SScm:P.r

-- -.---- - - - ------

They do have
to verify that

and any other

over the radio.

_

.. _---_

_-_.

•..

USD(I)

144
'l'OP SECItE'f'

DDO: Roger, that's good information.
CORR: General Arnold at CONR. We're going to came
down off this switch and came back up on another.
EA:

All conferees please stand

by.

conferees pl.ease stand

by.

EA: Al.l

FAA:

DDO, PAA•. DDO, PAA. DDO, FAA!

EA: All conferees will please stand ~.
FAA:

DDO,

FAA..

RORAD, FAA.

NORAD: This is HORAn.
FAA: I

ahead.

Go

have information

on this Korean 8085

landing at White Horse.
DDO: This is the DOD we're looking for, send it.
FAA: Be has decl.ared an emergency, mini mum fuel.
Be is squawking hijack. Bis ETA at White HOrse is 1830
Zulu.
NORAD: FAA, HORAD.
DDO: This is the DOD. Roger, understood.
Reconfir.m he is, in fact, heading
_____._
.. ._...

.

to White Borse and not

Yakutat~_.~l_~~~_.!_~._~_~~
__~?.~!ect?_.

._
..

.__ ..
__.__..
__._.

FAA: This is the· FAA. The information

we have

through canadian A~C is he is going into White Borse.
DDO: Roger. One other question.
asked him to confirm his squawk?

'fOP 9!lCMl!'

Bas Canadian A'l'C

.

__

USD.(I)

145
'fOE'

SECRE':P

FAA: He is squawking hijack.
DDO: Roger, Understand. And, NAOC, are we getting
any information

from those fighters that are escorting?

HORAD: DOO, you looking for DOBAO?
DDO: Yeah, I lost it.
RORAD: Roger. No, we don' t have any actual
contact. We're trying to get verification

from Alaska on

that information.
PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Do we have an ETA into White Horse based on
his current speed and route of flight.
DDO: stand by. FAA can you address? FAA, this is
the DDO. Again, were you able to get an ETA to White Borse?
FAA: They forwarded the information

to the FAA.

ETA at White Horse according to our sources is 1830 zulu.
DDO: Roger. Understand

the fighters will take

them all the way into White Borse?
FAA: This is the FAA. I have no knowledge of any
fighters with him.
DDO: Roger. HORAn, can you confirm that they can
escort th8m all the way down to ground.
HORAn: This is HORAD. That's

'POP SEeroft'

affirmed.

USD{I)

146
TOP SBCRH
DDO:Roger.
PEOC: DDO,PEOC. Do we have security
ground at White Horse to take

on the

the appropriate

actions

once

he arrives?
DDO:I'm not sure.

Stand by.

is DDO.Canada are you in this
this

is DOO.Are you in this
NDCC:NDCCis
000:

security

conference?

Roger,

(pause)

this

NDCC,

conference?

on.

Can you address

whether we will

at White Horse in the event
NDCC:I'll

(pause)

that

get back to you if

have

KAL 85 lands?

you'll

stand

by.

DDO: Roger.
DDO: NDCC,DOO. (pause)

NDCC,DDO. (pause)

IiJavy.

Navy, DDO.
EA: DDO, EA. Stand by.

""'

..,.
,...;

'-'

000: Roger.

=
.~

.c:J
c:J

Ito

L--

'"
vS

000: Roger,

N

trl

_______________
~ _.
~

(pause).

1-1

1

DOO.

DDO

update.

._._JLgetting

L'l'b.ey' re

organized

now. Once we get the

can put them on the watch.
make shift
taking

team that

over.

But,

currently

we put together

CATteam is

still

full

still

team onboard we
we've got the
capable

not stood up. We'll

of
give you

USDUJ

147
!POP SECRE'ir

an update on that

as soon as they're

DIX>: Roger. Understand.

ready.

This is

the DDO.

Send

your traffic.
PAA.

FAA:

DDO,

DIX>:

Last calling

FAA: This is
shift

DDO.

the PAA.Weare speaking with the

manager at EdmontonAir Traffic

advises

that

DDO:

understand;

now. They are not treating

reporting

DDO:

at Edmonton, yeah,

085 is

it

he

not

as a threat.

Roger. And, just

directing

the shift

manager

Control Center.
reconfirm

again.

They are

them to White Horse and they are

in kind..
FAA:They are.

landing

and

that?

at EdmontonAir Traffic

responding

Center

Roger. And, those are the Canadians,

FAA: That's

in fact

Control

the Korean Air 850 -- correetion,

squawking hijack

_~

station,

Yes, that

is

correct.

He is

at White Horse and the Canadians are not treating

._~__ ._it;.~alJ_..•__thr~~t_._.

.

~.__
'

DIX>: Roger. Understand.
PEOC:. And from PEOC,

going to have security

~__
..__
''That's

PAA:We're trying

good information.

the same question.

at the airport

'__ '

Are they

to take care of that?

to find out that

information

'.__.._-_
..._.._--

USD(I)

148
IPOP SECUT

but they advised us that they are not treating it as a
threat at this time.
PEOC:

DDO, PEOC •

noo, PEOC, 000.
PEOC: Understand that offutt is fully aware of
both Air Force one and Venus 7 arrival into Offutt?
DDO:

Stand by.

STRATCOH: DDO, this is STRA'l'COM.

We're aware.

Over.

Doo: Roger, PEOC. Does that help or do we call
directly?
EA: DDO, EA GEM Schwartz back in the conference.
DDO: Roger, thank I you much. GEM Schwartz, this is
DOO. As we were trying to sort out KAL we were trying to
find out whether you could help us there. But, we think we
have good information now on that aircraft and its
destination.
AD:

Okay, here's what happened. Schwartz is On.

~he bird is now descending

into White Horse. We had to

redirect it to White Horse after it was clear that Yakutat
was not an adequate place for them to put down.

Doo: Roger, sir. Was it their choice to

go

Yakutat or were we still controlling at that point?

TOP SECRET

to

USDCI)

. 149

'l'OP SEiCIlE'R

TAPE

I",

SIDE

1

ANR: That was our direction, given that we were

putting quite a number of folks into White Horse. We wanted
to segregate the hijacked airplanee.
relatively

But given the

few airfields in this neighborhood,

and the fact

that the NAVAIDS are down at Yakutat, as it turns out we'll
take them into White Horse and we'll peel off some of the
subsequent

traffic into Fairbanks.
000: Sir, we appreciate

that information.

AIm: And, the only other piece of data for you is
that we continue to shadow the aircraft with fighter
aircraft and they will be under control of the Canadian
HORAD region.
DDO:

Roger, sir.

ANR: NMCC, ANR here. XAL 085 is 80 miles out.
HDCC: Roger, sir. Understanding
PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC, understand
squawking hijack. Have we verified

80

miles out.

no longer

that be Was squawking

hijack to begin with? .
DIX>: That's an excellent question. GEN Schwartz,
can you confir.m whether they were ever squawking hijack or
whether we were getting bad

POOPOD

':PapSBOUT

that?

OSD(:I)

150

Tap SHea'!'
ANa: Here's how it unfolded. Initially,

the

hijack came through the data link, not an overt squawk.
Subsequently, ATC asked the aircraft to squawk 15 and they
did so. And, if anyone on the line is a rated pilot you
understand the significance of that.
DDO: Roger, sir. Understand.
STRATCOM: DDO, this is STRATCOM. Are you in
contact with SECDEF? Over.
DDO: Sir, we were. He's in the building. So, we
can get a handle on him if we need to.
STRATCOM: DDO, this is S'l'RATCOM.Roger, r just
wanted the information in case when Air Porce ODe is on the
ground there's any desire to communicate with him.
DDO: Roger, sir. Do you need to talk to him?
STRATCOM: No, not at this time. Over.
DDO: Roger, sir.
PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC. We'll be setting up a V'l'C
with Offutt once he's on the ground.
._----

DDO: Roger. Understand VOle wi1.l be set up.

We're

standing by for that.
DDO: HORAD, DDO. Just for an update. Do we have
Air Porce ODe airborne or are they still on the ground?
NORAD: Stand by one, sir. Let

'fOp SHeRB'!'

JIl&

verify take off

'OSD{I)

151
TOP

SECR:B'1'

time.
BORAnALASKA:
Break,

break,

Defense Region CommandCenter
ANR: ANa is
NORAD:

HORAD.Alaskan Air

are you in the conference?

in the conference.

And Bational,

this

is HORAn.

DDO: HORAn,DDO.
HORAD:Okay. The time 1737 Zulu Air Force One was
airborne.

He does have

B-3 and tanker

a four fighter

as well

as

support.

DDO:Roger. Understand,
and four

contingent

fighters.

E-3 and tanker

support

'l'hank you much.

DDO: FE'HA, this
PEHA: This

is

the DDO.

is FEHA Operations.

Can

r help you,

sir?
DDO: DO you have any requests
local

government

at this

PEMA: Stand ~,

this

time,

for

assistance

point?
sir.

a negative.

That's

FEIIA: This

is

FDA.

clarification.
area.

--------_._-

Go ahead.

DDO:ROger. We've just

crisis

Hot at

sir.
000: ROger, thank you much. PENA, DOD.

for

from

haa to

We assume you're

responding

Rave you got any requests

'fOP SECR!l'f'

come back to you
to the

from areas

outside

USD{I)

152
'fOP SECRE"l'

of designated crisis areas?
FEMA: No, sir. We haven't had any requests

outside of designated crisis areas. We have been doing a
lot of work with the task forces in urban search and rescue
for the New York City area.
DDO: Roger. That's good information. 'l'hauk you
much.
HORAD:

Break, break national. This is HORAn with

an input.
DDO: NORAD, DDO. Send your input.
MORAD:

Yes, sir.

I

understand we're having some

problem with light flight aircraft getting clearance to
take off. For all stations CINC MORAD has just given
approval for any light flight aircraft meeting take off and
landing approval, that is any light flight aircraft have
cmc

approval to aaend SCA'l'ANA such that they can take off

and land to perform their mission.
DDO; Roger. FAA, do you acknowledge?
FAA: This is the FAA. Say it again,-please.
HORAD:

Roger. This is HORAn.

CJ:HC HORAn

has just

given approval to amend SCATANA in the following way. Any
light flight aircraft requesting

take off or landing

clearance will be allowed to take off and land. '!'hatis any

'fOP SECRET

'fOP SECRETfCONT AINS scr INFORMATION
NOT CLASSIFIED WHEN SEPARATED FROM ATTACHMENT

INFO MEMO

FOR: SECRETARY OF DEFENSE

DepSec Action:

FROM: . UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR INTELLIGENCE ~CT

20 2003

SUBJECT: 9-11 AIR THREAT CONFERENCE CALL TRANSCRIPTION

• The original transcription was incomplete. The pages between the red and
green flags (pp 169 - 192) reflect the previously non-transcribed portion.
• The entire transcription was redone by USD(I) staff in conjunction with
Joint Staff because there were many inaccuracies in the original.

COORDINATION: None.

Attachment:
As stated

OCT 2 2 2003
~,,-r 3 1

UL.!

W+Lulud.

&·~k

~.

r\r,"":'~

'-

\

DECLASSIFIED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE
INTERAGENCY SECURITY CLASSIFICATIO
APPEALS PANEL,
E.O. 13526, SECTION 5.3(b)(3)
0013772
ISCAP APPEAL NO. 2012-076, document no. 1
DECLASSIFICATION
DATE: July 8, 2015

Prepared by: Ms. Janet Edghill, 614-4665

'

TO~ gEC~ETICONTAINS

SCI INFORMATION
OFFICE OF LEGAL COUNSEL

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - - - - - - - - X
Air Threat Conference

and
DDO Conference

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - - - - -X

September

11, 2001

'lOOP SBCH'I'

2

TOP SECRE"l
PRO

C E E DIN

G S

TAPE #1, SIDE 1

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret
significant

event conference. Please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret
significant event conference. please stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center with a secret
significant

event conference. please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret
significant

event conference. Doo, your conference is

convened.
000: This is CAPT LEIDIG, nro at the NMCC with
the significant

event conference. This conference is

convened in respon.se to the two aircraft that cra.shed into
the World Trade Center. r will provide an update as to what

r know at the National Military Command Center and then ask
for updates from conferees.
DDO: At this point there have been two aircraft
that ha~e collided into the World Trade Center. There's
also been one confirmed hijacking of an American Airlines
flight 11. It's just being confirmed that that aircraft is
still airborne and heading to D.C. There have been some
aircraft scrambled out of Otis in response, but have not

'POP SHeRE!'

3

TOP SECRET
intercepted. FAA, provide an update?

(Pause) is FAA in the

conference? Joint Forces Command, provide an update.
JOINT FORCES: This is Joint Forces Command. We
have our CRC activated and MSCA personnel on station and
are JOC.
DDO: This is the DDO. Roger. Are there other
CINCsthat

could provide an update or any additional

information at this time?
AIR FORCE: Air Force is up.
DDO:

Go

ahead Air Force.

AIR FORCE: Air Force has just set up a crisis
action team at the Pentagon.
DDO: This is the DDO. iconcur;

convene an air

threat conference.
NORAn: DDO, this is NORAD.
DDO: NORAD,
HORAn: Okay.

go ahead.
NaRAD

proceeding wi th an air threat

conference. Information as passed thus far is the most
current that we have. In addition, we do have the two Otis
fighters airborne and awaiting tasking. Additionally,

we

have a single tanker airborne out of Bangor. For those who
are able it's CCOMS ID 0164. In addition, we have a second
tanker that has been scrambled out of McGuire. No estimated

!POP SECitE'1'

USD(I)

4

'fOP SECRET
airborne

time at this point. And, concur that hijacked

aircraft

is still airborne heading towards Washington,

And, HORAD recommends that we reconvene
when further information

D.C.

this conference

is available.

DDO: This is the DDO. I say again, transition
an air threat conference. This concludes

to

the significant

event conference.
EA: Roger. This is the Command Center with a top
secret SlOP air threat conference.

Please stand by.

EA: This is the Comnvmd Center. This concludes
the conference.

All conferees may drop.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference.

Please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference.

please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference.

Please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference.

Please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat

conference.

Please stand by.

EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat

conference.

Please stand by.

USD(1)

5
EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air

threat conference. Please stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air

threat conference. Please stand by.
EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference. Please stand by.
CJCS: This is the Acting Chairman's Office, Joint
Chiefs of Staff; we're waiting.
EA: Roger.

This is the C<)1DIMndCenter with a

secret air threat conference. Please stand by.
DDO.
EA: This is the Command Center with a secret air
threat conference. Please respond when polled. Vice
Chairman. Re-polling the Vice Chairman.
VJCS: '!'hisis the Vice ChairJDan's Office.
EA: The principals are in the conference. DOO,
your conference

is convened.

DDO: This is CAPT Leidig, DDO at the NMCC. An air
attack against North America may be in progress.

The Vice

Chairman is in this conference. The air threat conference
is set up. NORAD, what is the situation?
NORAD: Thank you National. This is NORAD. HORAD
has -- say again National.

'%lOPSeCRET

USD{'I)

6

TOP SECM:'1'
DDO: HORAD, what is the situation?
HORAn: Copy, National. This is NORAn. We have
radar and visual
Unknown

indication of a possible

threat to CONUS.

country of origin. We have a possible

situation.

We are receiving conflicting

the hijack.
hijacked

Latest information

aircraft

to Washington,
scrambled

hijack

reports regarding

says that we have a possibly

taking off out of JFK currently

D.C. We do have two aircraft

en route

airborne

out of Otis, two fighters awaiting

tasking. No

assessment

has been given for this event at this point. No

assessment

for the overall air situation has been given at

this point. CINC HORAD is not declaring
emergency
conference

at this point. And, HORAn recommends
be reconvened _hen further

unconflicted

reports are available.

and

HORAn complete.
an update.

a report that an aircraft has crashed

side of the Pentagon.

that this

information

DDO: 'l'hisis the DDO providing
There's

air defense

Joint Forces Command,

into the Mall

provide

an

update.
JOINT FORCES: This is Joint Forces Command. We
have our Crisis Action 'l'eamactivated
the situation.
assistance

and we're monitoring

We're waiting on DOMS and any further

that might be required.

'POP SECRm'

Over.

USD{I}

7
!pOp SSCfI:BIl

DDO: This is the DDO. I intend to maintain

the

conference up as information becomes available. EA, bring
in the Secretary of Defense.
NMCC EA: EA, roger.
All conferees, be advised there's a hot mic in
the conference.
DDO are you there?
DDO: Yes, sir. DDO, CAPT Leidig,

go

online.

VCJCS: This is the Vice Chairman's Exec. Do we
confirm that aircraft crashed into the building?
DDO: Yes, sir.

On live TV you can now see smoke

emitting from the Pentagon. Yes, sir. It's confirmed.
EA: DDO still waiting on Sec Def?
DDO: Yes, this is the DDO still. I understand,
waiting on the Sec Def.
NIGB"l'HAWK CONTROL: PEOC are you online?
PEOC: PECC, NMCC.
HI:GBT

HAWK CONTROL: PEOC, this is Night Hawk

Control. You have instructions for us?
PEOC: Instructions for Hight Hawk Control. Stand
by. Be prepared to receive the President at Andrews Air

Force Base. He has not yet departed Florida but. he ia
planning to depart Florida and head back to D.C.

TO.

SXCItEt'

OSD(r)

8

'l'OP SECRE'l'
NIGHT HAWK CONTROL: What about the Vice
President?
PEOC: The Vice President is currently
evacuate to the Naval Observatory
instructions

planning

to

and we will provide

on that if there is a change to that plan.

NIGHT HAWK CONTROL: Do you want to stop turning?
OVer.
PEOC: Stand by.
HAOC: National, this is NAOC secondary.
NORAn: Break, break, this iSNORAD

OVer.

with an

update.
RAOC: National,
getting an emergency
updates?

this is HAOC secondary.

takeoff from Andrews.

We are

Are there any

OVer.
EA: DDO, EA.
VJCS: This is vice Chairman,
DDO: Go ahead vice Chairman's

EA.
EA.

EA: No, ~ thought you were calling me. I'm just
standing by. By the way, r've passed all the information
that you just said to Gen. Shelton's aircraft.
comma with him consistently

Z'v.e had

but he just dropped.

DDO: Roger, understand.
PEOC: This is PEOC. Is Night Hawk Control

'1!OllSECRET

still

USD(:!)

9
!POP SBCUT

on?
NIGHT

HAWK CONTROL:

Yes.

PEOC: All right, Hight Hawk Control be advised
you need to just go ahead and maintain your alert posture.
We will update you if we need you to actually evacuate.
Over.
NIGH'l'

HAWK CONTROL:

Roger.

HORAD: Break, break, National. This is HORAD wit.h
an update.
DDO: NORAD provide an upda t.e.
NORAD: This is HORAn. We have indications

from

the continental NORAn region there's a possible fourth
hijacking in progress, Delta flight 89. Original flight
plan from Boston to Las Vegas. No further information
available at this time. HORAD complete.
DDO: HORAn, say again your update.
NORAn: Roger. National, this is HORAC. NORAD has
indications from the continental HORAD region of a possible
fourth hijack, Delta flight 89. Flight plan Boston to Las
Vegas. No further updates available at this time. HORAn
complete.

(Pause) And, National did you copy?
DDO: National copies.
VJCS: DDO, this is vice Chair.man's EA.

USD(I)

10

!'OP SEeR£'!
DDO: Vice Chairman's

I

EA go ahead.

E.O. 13526, section 1.4(a)(g)

I

DOO: This is the DDO~ The Director of the Joint
Staff is in the NMCC and that's being discussed

at this

tilDe •

VCJS EA: Okay. I've temporarily

lost track of Gan

Myers so I need as much time to track him down and X'~~ let
you know when X've got a positive

hold on him.

DDO: This is the Doo. Roger.
EA:

DDO, EA.

DDO: EAI go ahead.
EA: OSD Cables is still trying to find the
secretary.

Do you want to add the UDder Secretary or

Assistant?
DDO: We should add the Onder Secretary.
HORAD: Break. break
with

'a

I

this is HORAn Command Center

request.
DDO: HORAn,
NORAD:

conference

go

ahead.

Please confirm the FAA is on this

and if not, patch them in so we can get earlier

notification

of any other hijacked

aircraft.

DDO: This is the DDO, roger. EA is FAA on the
conference?

OSD(I)

11

IfOP SECREIf
EA: DOO, EA; stand by. (Pause) DDO, EA. FAA is
not in the conference.
ODO: EA, include the FAA in the conference.
EA: EA, roger.
PEOC: This is PEOC. Is there any indication
another hijacked

aircraft at this time?

of

Over.

DDO: Station identify yourself and make the
request again.
PEOC: This is PEOC. Request to know if there are
currently any hijacked

aircraft still out? OVer.

DDD: This is the DOO. NORAn provide your update
with more possible

hijacked aircraft.

DDI: DDO, this is the DDI. We just got a hard
line call from HORAn said that they had dropped
conference

out of the

and wanted to know if we were still up. DDl out.
DDD: This is the ODO, roger. For the information

of all conferees,

HORAn reported just a few minutes

that there was a possible

Delta flight 89 from Boston to

Las Vegas that had been possibly hijacked.
the fourth possible

ago

hijacking

That would be

in this event.

VJCS EA: EA, please repeat one more time.
DDO: This is the ODO. Possible Delta flight 89
from Boston to Las Vegas has been possibly

TOP

SECltBT

hijacked

as

USD(I)

12
'f'O~BEeBY

reported by NORAn about five minutes ago.
NORAn: And, break, break, National. This is NORA!)
with a further update.
DDO: Provide an update.
NOlUlD:

Roger, National.. This is HORAn. We have

FAA reports that they are in contact with Del.ta flight 89.
It is not currently following its pl.anned flight route. In
addition, CINC NORAD has directed that all air sovereignty
aircraft go to battle stations and fully armed. That has
been ordered at this time. NORAn wil.l notify upon
attainment.

HORAn complete.

DOO: HORAD, this is the DDO. Say again the
portion of your report with regards to battle stations.
HORAD: Say again, National.
DDO: NORAD, say again your report.
HORAn: Roger, National. This is HORAn. The FAA
has contact with Delta flight 89. It is currently not
following its planned flight route. In addition, CINe NORAn
has directed that all air sovereignty

aircraft under »ORAD

-control go to battle stations with full armaments. That has
been ordered. HORAD will advise upon attainment.
AIR FORCE: '!'hisis the Air Force with questions.
HORAD: Go ahead.

OSD(I)

13

AIR FORCE: The location of Delta flight 89 and
heading, sir.
HORAD: This is NORAD. Stand by. (Pause) Break,
break. This is HORAD with an update.
DDO: HORAn provide your update.
NORAD: Suggest the DDO consider that the aircraft
south of Cleveland heading west may have as its objective
the Sears Tower in Chicago. Information on the location of
the aircraft is limited. But it seems prudent that we might
take measures to evacuate that facility.
DDO:

This is the DDO, roger.

HORAn: Break, break. This is the NORAn Command
Center with a request. (Pause) Break, break, this is the
NORAD Command Center with a ,request.
DDO: This is the DDO. Say again your report.
HORAn: This is HORAn with a request. please
confirm that the FAA is on this conference

and in addition

to halting all civil flight activity. request the FAA
systematically
-

poll
all airborne aircraft by radio to
_.,

determine whether a hijack is underway.
DDO: This is the DDO, roger. We are attempting to
get the FAA in the conference.
NORAn: Can you also forward that request to poll

OSD{:I)

14
!POPSB~

all airborne traffic to determine their status?
.DIX>: This is the DDO, roger. Understand.
in the conference?

:Is l"EMA

(Pause) This is the DDO. :Is FEMA in the

conference?
NMCC

EA:

DDO,

FEHA

has dropped. We'll bring it

back up.

AIR FORCE: Conference, conference, this is Air
Force.
DDO:

Air Force, go ahead.

AIR FORCE:

re~esting

Yes, sir. The White House is

Fighter coverage for protection overhead White

House. Copy.
DDCH

This is the DDO. Say again your request.

AIR FORCE:

We just got a phone call requesting

Fighter coverage over the White House for protection.

How

copy?
DDO: This is the DDD. Copy all.
NORAD: NORAD will process that request ,and we'll
give you an ETA when they will be on station.
..

_....-

000: NORAn, roger.

Dec EA: This is the

mlCC.

:Is IPEMA in the

conference?
Doo: This is the DDO. We're attempting to get the

USD(I)

15
'lOI' SEeD'!'
FAA and FEMA in the conference still.
NMCC EA: FEMA, this is the NMCC. Are you in the
conference?

DDO, .FEMA's in the conference.

EA: DDO, EA.
DDO: This is the DDO. NORAD provide an update.
NORAD: CINe NORAD has no update at this time.
We'll provide

an ETA when fighters will be on CAP over the

White House. The full report of the hijack is the last
report we have.
EA: DDO, EA. FEMA's in the conference.
FEMA: FEMA's in this conference.
DDO: FEMA, this is the DOO. The vice Chairman
recommends

evacuating Chicago Tower based on the flight

plan of one of the possible hijacked aircraft.
FEMA:

Tower, possible

Copy. Recommend evacuation

of Chicago

hijacked aircraft.

WHSR: This is Lt. Ramcher.

Is the DDO online?

DDO: DDO' s online.
WHSR: Stand by sir.
PEOC: Sir, Col Irwin with PEOC. Bow are you
doing?
DDO:This

is the DDO. Go ahead PEOC.

WHSR: Yes, sir. Just talked to the NSC, Mr.

TOP

SBORBIJ.'

USD(I)

16
'rOil SEeHT
Hadley up there. We have a coupl~ requests. We're going to
~
~

-

go ahead and execute continuity of government.
like to get somebody up, at either
imagine you're already working

1

1

I

We would

Camp David.

I But,

I

more

importantly, what they're requesting is from Air Force One,
from the President

and MilAide, they're going to be calling

us back with coordinates

where theY're going to be

orbiting. They'd like to have a fighter escort and fram the
NSC SIT room they would

possibility

like to see if there's any

of getting any kind of fighter

over the

CAP

D.C. area.
,-...

DOO:

Sir, NORAD has 'already taken for action the

request to provide

fighter CAP over the Washington,

area. :t understand

your intention is to execute

continuity

of government.

r will tell you t~t

already making preparations

to stand up

I~

D.C.

the
we're

_

WKSR: Thank you, sir. We'll pass that back to the
NSC.

The MilAide ought to be calling us back with

coordinates
you

here shortly. Do you want him to go directly

to

gUys?

DDO:

conference

This is the DDO. You can come to this

and we'll make sure it gets to the right action

officer.

'lOP SSCRE"l'

USD(I)

17

tOP SECRET
WBSH:Okay, sir.

We'll

HORAD:Break, break,

be back here

National.

shortly.

This is NORAD
with

an update.
ADOO:Stand by. This is

the ADDO.

HORAD:Copy.
DDO: Go ahead with your update.
HORAD:Say again,

National.

DDO:NORAD
provide

an update.

NORAD:Copy, National.
update.

At this

This

is HORAD
with an

time CINC HORAnhas declared

say again,

CINC NoRAD has declared

"concern".

HORAD
complete.

"concern".

an assessment

I

of

NORAD:National did you copy?
NORAD:National,

this

is

NORAn.Did you copy

update?
DDO: This is the DDO. Go ahead.
NORAD:Roger. This is
this

t~

·concern"
assessment

NORA» with

CZNC NORAD
has declared
for

the air

events

of "concern-

an update.

an assessment

does hold.

does hold for

of

Z say again,
the air

events.

NORAD
complete.
HORAn:

Break,

break.

NORAD with

a request.

DDO:NORAD,go ahead with your request.

'i'OP SBCR:I!'P

At

an

USD{I)

18 .

Tap sseRE'!'
NORAn: NDRAD.

Please confirm the FAA is on and

the FAA is systematically polling all airborne aircraft to
determine their current status and reporting the locations
of those aircraft that do not respond.
DDO:

This is the DDO. I understand your request.

We're trying to contact the

FAA

on a different line and

make that request to them and we're also t~ing

to get them

in the conference. DDO out.
NORAD: NORAD complete.
DIOC: DIX>, this is Col Irwin. the PEOC.
DDO:

PEOC:
out.

PEOC go ahead.
Understand we've got an inbound 25 minutes

We have assets out at Andrews.

Has anybody contacted

those?
DDO:

PEDe say again your request. :I'm not sure we

have the same information you do.
PEOC: From. the JOC we just heard that we have an
inbound that's 25 minutes out and my question is. the
fighter assets out at Andrews have we given them the word?
.---------------------~--------

DDO: Air Force Command Center provide an update.
000: EA, is the Air Force Command Center still in

the conference?
EA:

EA, stand by.

USD(I)

19
!fOP SEemPl
AXRFORCE:Air Force is online.
DDO:Air Force,
illbound 25 minutes

the PEOCreported

out and that

fighter

that

there's

aircra.ft

an

at Andrews

have been notified.
AIR FORCE:Is that

confirmed

that

theY're

coming

from the

JOC but

to D.C.? Copy.
DOO: That's
we haven't

the word that

got a confirmation

yet.

AIR FORCE:If you can,
DOO:We understand
confirm

that.

possible

we got

type aircraft?

767 from. United,

&ORAD
can you provide

information

inbound to D.C. 2S minutes

time.

on a

info~tion

at

Stand by.
AJ:RFORCE:Break,

Air Porce.

I can't

out?

NORAD:This is HORAD.No further
this

but

break.

You were broken.

This is

Say again.
NORAD:Roger. 'l'his is HORAD.No further

info%1Dation at

___._~_=-

this

time.

Stand by •.

_J;>~,. __~!lA!S_ A~_~~

000: FEKAgO ahead.

.. __.... ..

PEMAgo ahead.

AJ:RFORCE:NORAD,this

is

.

...

(pause)

Air Force.

HORAD:HORAD.
AIR FORCE:Yes, sir.

YOUwere broken

TOP SEeU"f

previousl,y.

.

.. _

USD(I)

20

m5'

SECUT

Confir.m that there's an aircraft, possible hijack heading
to Washington, D.C. Say ETIC, sir.
PEOC: This is PEOC. What we had heard from the
JOC is 25 minutes but we don't have confir.mation.
AIR FORCE: Copy.
NORAD: And, HORAD has

DO

information on that

track at this time.
AIR FORCE: Confirm that possible hijacked
aircraft has fighter escort.
HORAD: NORAD has no indication of a hijack
heading to Washington, D.C. at this time.
AIR FORCE: Air Force, copy.
PEOC: And, DDO this is the PEOC. Can you give us
an update on fighter CAP of the Washington, D.C. area? Has
NATO already executed that -- or HORAD?
DDO: This is the DDO. Stand by. Air Force can you
provide an update on fighter CAP for the D.C. area?
AIR FORCE: Stand by for Air Force.
__..

.

._. . ._.
__AI~_~R~_~_:__
~~~e~~c~L_~?nfer~c~'__._~~_~~ __!~_~i:r:
Force. We don't have that information

at this time. Can

HORAD provide? How copy?
DDO: Say again the 1ast request for HORAn to
provide info.

....
._.
__

O'SD(1:)

21
'l'OP SEGtE'f'

AIR FORCE:Yes,
information

on fighter
HORAD:This

information
assets.

at

this

sir.

Can HORAD
provide

coverage
is

over

the Washington

area?

HORAD.We have no further

point.

Stand by we're

scrambling

HORAD
complete.
Al:RFORCE:HORAD,this

on escort

for Air Porce
mORAD:This

is

Air Force.

Say status

One.

is

HORAD.Stand by •

.AI:RFORCE:Copy.
PBOC: DDO, PEOC.
DIX>:PEOCgo ahead.
PEOC: Word 1: got from the
flight

93 out of pittsburgh

Dot made contact

with

DIX>:This
AIR

location
__

'

n

••

._nn

••

is

we got a united

20 minutes

though

they've

out.
tried.

the

the assets

So,

DDO, roger.

This

of United

20 minutes

93

or

is Air Force.

PEO..C.:_9_3__i s_~9m:L:Q,g_
out _o:L_P~1;tsburgh

It's

FAAhas

time.

FORCE: Say destination

and heading?

understand.
about

yet,

an unknown at this

that's

'

it

about

JOC is

out.

That's

out of Andrews if

AIR FORCE: So, they

are

they

why 1: was asking
have been launched.

20 minutes

copy?

TOP SECRE'l

f rom_~~a~ w!..

out of D.C.

._

USD{I)

22
!fOP SBCREI!'

PEOC: Correct.
DDO: Air Force, this is the DDO. I say again my
previous request. Have any aircraft been scrambled in
response to this United 93 and what is the status of
fighter CAP over D.C.?
AJ:R FORCE: Stand by. We' 11 confirm that.
NORAD: Break, break. This is NORAD with an
update.
DDO: NaRAD provide an update.
NORAD: Roger. We currently have two aircraft
airborne out of Atlantic City; additional scramble pending
and stand by for info.on ETI to Washington,

D.C. HORAn

complete.
DDO: Say again assets.
NORAD: Currently two confirmed aircraft airbQrne
out of Atlantic City. Additional assets being scrambled at
this time. Stand by for update on ETI. NORAD complete.
DDO: This is the DDO, roger.
_______.

PE~~~DO,

__~EOC. Is FAA in on this conference? .

DpQ: This is the DOO. The FAA is not in this
conference. We have been unable to get them in. We have
them on a separate line he~e in the NMCC.
PEOC: Can you just clarify with them infor.mation

'fOP SECRET

.

_

OSD(I)

23
on United flight 93?
DDO: This is the DDO. We're doing that at this
time.
PEOC: DDO, stand by for more information

on that

inbound.
DDO: This is the DDO. Go ahead.
PEOC: We've got confirmation
miles out. We think it's Flight United

of an airplane

60

93. Apparently,

we're hearing weapons freeze right now. Do you know .hat
the status of the Atlantic

City assets are right now?

DDO: HORAD, provide

an update on th~ Atlantic

City aircraft.
NORA»: Roger. We have confirmation
Atlantic

City aircraft are airborne.

their destination

that the

We are querying for

at this point. NORAn complete.

DDO: Rave the assets out of Andrews been
launched?
NORAD: NORAD. No information
-_

_._._

_._

_

_._._ _.An~@.J!St .•_.. '_'.'_'_'".''_.'.''' _ _.._

_ __

_._

on assets out of

"_."'
.. _ __..__ _.__.._._.._ _

~ _

_

DDO: xs there any reason we can't launch the
assets out at Andrews?
PEOC: Doo, this is PEOC. The Vice President
just confirmed

fighters are cleared

'l'OP SECR'Z'l'

has

to engage the aircraft

__ _

_ __

.

USD{I)

24

I['OP SECREI['
inbound if we can verify that it is, in fact, the hijacked
aircraft. Can you confirm with FAA?
DDO: This is the DDO. I'm checking with the PAA
at this time.
PEOC: DDO, this is PEOC. We'd like NAOC airborne,
please.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC •
DDO: This is tbe DDO. Go ahead.
PEOC: Yeah, Col. Irwin once again. We've just
been in contact with Air Force One, mil aide. We have a
request and direction. We'd like AWACS airborne over
Louisiana. We'd like fighter escort DDO: FAA report of aircraft down in Pennsylvania.
NAOC: STRATCOM, this is NAOC secondary. We are in
this conference.
S'l'RA"l'COH:
NAOC, this is STRATCOM, roger. Do you
have communications

with primary? Over.

NAOC: Break, break. We just pulled up the primary
into the conference. This is COMMO. He should be in the
conference now, sir.
STRATCOM: DDO, this is STRATCOM. Believe you have
RAOC primary and secondary in the conference.
airborne. OVer.

TOP SECUT

Both are

25

USD(J:)
!P9P SECRBIl'

AIR FORCE: Conference,

conference,

Force with question. Confir.m that aircraft
60 miles away from Jonestown,

this is Air

that crashed was

pennsylvania.

DDO: Okay, understand

60 miles south or north?

AIR FORCE: South, sir.
DDO: Jonestown, pennsylvania,
AIR FORCE: So, it is confirmed
miles south of Penn~lvania,

correct.
that it was 60

sir?

knOw, :I can't unc1erstand a word

STRATCOM: You

you're saying.
DDO:

This is the DDO. Are you asking whether

was 60 miles south of Jonestown,

it

Pennsylvania?

AIR FORCE: Yes, sir, that is correct.
DDO:
NIICC:

Stand by.
FAA, this is the NMee are you in the

conference?
FAA: 'l'heFAA is here.
DDO: This is the DDO. vice Chairman would like to
know who's controlling

the aircraft

over Washin~on,

D.C.?

FAA: Repeat the question.
DDO:

Who is controlling

flying over washington,

the aircraft currently

D.C.?

FAA: The Washington

area. traffic control center

·'lOP SECRET

USD(I)

26
!POP SEeRS!P

is controlling

the aircraft over there if there are any.

The FAA has implemented
the Washington

a nationwide

ground stop going to

metro area and the New York metro area.

They have issued -- they've tried to give everybody help to
land at different
metropolitan

airports other than those two

areas.

If there are any aircraft

airborne over the Washington

that are

area they are being controlled

by Washington

Center. And, we understand

some military

fighters that have been launched to patrol

the washington

that there are

area.

DDO: That's correct. We have reports of two
aircraft currently over Washington.
crafts currently

We're talking fighter

over the Washington

area.

PEOC: DDO, this is PEOC.
DDO: PECC,

YOU

have traffic.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC. 'l'hevice President has cleared
fighter aircraft engage any aircraft inbound to Washington,
D.C. area without

authority.

DDD: Roger, .1,U1de.rstand
•.It can engage any
aircraft without authority.
STRATCOM: DDO, this is STRATCOM.
secondary

should be in the conference

airborne.

Over.

"rap SEeU'f'

RAOC primary

now and both are

and

USD(I)

27
PEOC:And, DDOthis

is PEOC.Understand.

Unconfirmed we have an aircraft
Washington, D.C.

right

ten miles out from

now. FAAcan you confil:m?

FAA: That I do not know. I'm back in secure
in the commandcenter.

~/d

find out who is out there

have to go out on the floor
at this

time.

be -- as far

AS

all

in the Washington area at

aircraft

escort
putting

time.

is Air Force Ops center
to run by who you

to determine whether we should be providing

on Air Force One? Advise us the desirability
up so.e

fighter

PEOC:That's
via the President
would like
ten miles

escort

confizmed. Weput that

and also

Dr. Rice is

to get an update on aircraft
out,

request

in

in the PEOCnow. We
that's

supposedly

probably c10ser now from Washington.

PEOC:Wedon't
apparently,

of us

for Air Force One.

DDO: What type aircraft

are you referring

have a confirmation

yet,

to?
airliner

from the JOC.

DDO: If you're
reported

would probably.

this

General P'ogelsong. Would you like

have there

It

to

I know, Washington Center is controlling

AIR FORCE
OPS: DDO, this
here,

area

that

about 60 miles

referring

to flight

we have an unidentified
south of Jonestown,

93, FAA

aircraft

Pennsylvania.

'tOP SECKE'l"

that

crashed

Wethink

USD(:I)

28
'i'OP S:eCRE'f

that's 93, however, we're trying to confirm now.
PEOC: Yes, sir, we're aware of that one. The only
question we have on that from the vice President is: is
that a result of fighter engagement?
DDO: We could not confir.m nor deny that.
DDO: HORAn, this is the DDO can you confi%m or
deny how that aircraft went down?
DDO: HORAn, this is the DDO. Are you still in the
conference?
NORAD: HORAD is in the conference. HORAn has no
information on an engagement of a civilian aircraft ~
fighters.
DDO: FAA, do you have any information on how that
aircraft went down? xt went down in the vicinity of
Jonestown.
FAA: At this time, no, we do not. We're sending
somebody out to the floor and we'll see if we can't find
out here in just a momeDt.
DDO:

Roger. we'll be standing by.

(Pause) Air

Force this is the DDO. We re trying to determine who has
I

tactical control of the-fighter
Washington,

aircraft flying over

D.C.

DDO: Air Force are you there? .

'f0!' SECU'f

OSD(I)

29
1lI0P SBCM"!'

AIR FORCE: Stand by one, sir. Air Force is
standing by.
DDO: Roger. Again, the question is who has
tactical control of the fighters that are currently flying
over Washington, D.C.?
DDO:

NORAD, this is the DDO. The questions are

also directed at you.
HORAn:

This is HORAD. Stand by.

AIR FORCE: Conference, conference,

this is Air

Force. We assumed that HORAn had control of the fighters
overhead Washington. Confirm?
HORAD: Break, break. '!'hisis NORAD.
DDO: HORAD, go ahead.
HORAn: In reference to your question, confirmed
CONR has control of the fighters overhead Washington, D.C.
at this time.
DDO:

Roger. You're coming in broken. Say again

who has control of the fighters?
HORAn: Roger. '!'hisis HORAn.

CONR has control of

the fighters overhead Washington, D.C. at this time.

HORAD

complete.
DDO: Roger. Understend CONR. That is an acronym.
please spell phonetically.

1'OP S!:CltZ'l'

USD(I)

30

'l'OP SBalB'l'
NaKAO: Roger. C-O-N-R. That is the continental

United States NORAD region. The region cODIIIIander
has
tac~ical control of fighters overhead Washington,

D.C. at

this time. NORAn complete.
AIR FORCE: Conference, this is Air Force. Do we
have any information on that unknown aircraft ten miles
away from D.C.?
NORAn: This is MORAD. No further infor.mation at
this time~ NORAn c~lete.
PEOC: This is the PEOC. Unofficial word we got
from the JOC is that airplane is now down.
AIR FORCE: And, the landing site, sir?
Pl!lOC :

Don' t know yet.

PEOC: And, DDO, this is PEOC. Can you let us know
when we have fighter craft that have intercepted Air Force
One?
S'l'RATCOMCONTROLLER: Break, break, this is
STRATCOM Controller. DOD has directed

force protection

condition Delta ~diately.
DDO: 'l'hisis the DDO. Last question asked was
whether fighters have intercepted Air Porce One. What was
the answer for that last question?

(pause) HORAn, DDO.

HORAn: This is HORAD go ahead.

'1'611SKeeT

31

USD(I}
'!'E>P SBORE'!!'
DDO:

You're coming in broken again. Need an

answer to the question have the fighter aircraft
intercepted Air Force One to provide escort?
RORAD: This is HORAD. We have no indication

at

this time. Stand by.
DDO: Roger.
NORAD: DDO, this is NORAD.
DDO:

'l'hisis the PDO.

HORAn: Request

clarification

for force protection

condition Delta. Is that all U.S. assets worldwide?
DDO:

DOD directed

Stand by.

This is the DDO. That's correct.

force protection

level Delta worldwide.

HORAn: Copy. worldwide.
CONR: '!'hisis CONR. We just got· a call from
Cleveland

center that the aircraft that went down in

pennsylvania

was they believe

to be a military

aircraft,

call sign GOFER06.
DDO:

Say again, you came in broken. What type of

aircraft was it that crashed in the vicinity of
pennsylvania?
CORR: They did not knoW the type but they believe
it was a GOFER06 and we'll try to confi:rm.
DDO: Are

you saying GOFER06

Tel' SEeR£"!

or DEL'l'AO 6?

OSD(I)

32
'Pap SBCaBT

CONR: That's correct.
DDO: Golf?
CONR: Golf.
ODD:

Okay, that's its call sign, is that correct?

CONR: That's the call sign. That's correct.
ODD:

Roger. And, understand

we don't know -- we

don't have a clue on GOFER06 is, whether

it's commercial

or

private?
CORR: We believe it to be a military.
DDO: Military.

Roger.

PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DOC: This is the

000.

PEOC,

send your

DDO,

traffic.
PEOC: Yes, sir. Can you give us the latest update
on escort for Air Force One?
DDD: Roger. We were trying to get that as well.
PEoe: Be aware we have received
DDO:

Onde~stand

yOU

threats.

have received

PEOC: That's correct.

threats?

But, we can't confirm where

they came from. It was a telecon.
DDO: Roger. We'll try to figure out Where those
aircraft

are.
CONR: 'l'hisis COIm again. Reference

'rOP SECRET

to OOFER06

--

USD(I)

33
ElIOP SBCRH

it appears to be that the GOFER06 is a military aircraft

and he was the one that reported the crash northeast of
Camp David. And, it appears to be an airliner according

to

the military aircraft.
DDO:

Roger. understand

GOFER01

reported that it

was an airliner that went down.

CONK: Tha~'s correct. It's a GOFER06. He reported
that it appeared to be an airliner that went down northeast
of Camp David.
DDO: Northeast of Camp David?
COD:

'!'hatappears to be -- yeah, :I believe

that's correct.
DDO:

Okay, we got it. Okay, here's the deal.

CONK: I have the latlongs

for the crash site if

you're interested •
.AIR FORCE OP: This is the Air Force OPs Center,
go ahead.
CORR: The lat longs for the crash site northeast
of Camp David are 3951 north, 7846 west.

(pause) For your

information

this GOPER06 that sighted the aircraft his

destination

is Youngstown

approximately,

and he will be there in

30 minutes.

AIR FORCE OP: Roger, understand.

Tap SE~

GOPER06 will be

USD(I)

34
TOP

SJ!l~

on site in the vicinity of Jonestown?
CONR: Youngstown.
AJ:R FORCE OP: Youngstown.

And, that's

Pennsylvania?
CONR: That's correct.
PEOC: DDO, this is PEOC. Understand

those

are for United flight 93 that went down?

coordinates

DDO:

We're not sure of the identification

airliner.

However,

aircraft.

Say again coordinates.

we know it was, in fact, a civilian

CONR: Stand by.
coordinates.

(pause) Stand by for the

Be just walked out with the coordinates

piece of paper.

of the

on

a

Stand by just a second and I'll get them.

DDO: HORAD, this is the DDO.
NaHAn:

NORAD,

go

ahead.

DDO: The Vice Chairman has directed
facilitate

that you

the chair.man's return to U.S. airspace

and back

to this area. Acknowledge.
NORAD: .)l()RAD, copy.
PEOC: Doo, PEOC. Is the vice Chairman

on?

DDO: Vice ChaiX'JU%lis in front of my desk, yes.
PEOC: Okay, stand by.
DAPNSA:

Dick Myers this is Steve Badley calling

"rOE' SSCRft

OSD(I}

35

do you read me? Over.
DDO: Last calling
DAPNSA: Calling
Hadley.

station say again, please.

for Dick Myers this is Steve

Dick do you read me? Over.
DAPNSA:

Is this line still connected?

OVer.

DOC: This is the DDO. We're still in conference.
DAPNSA:
reports
miles

I need to get word to Dick Hyers

are there's

an inbound aircraft

out. The Vice President's

flying

guidance

that our

low five

was we need to

take it out.
DDO: Roger. HORAD,
has directed

please confirm Vice President

that that aircraft

that's five miles

out is to

That is what the Vice President

has said.

be taken out. Acknowledge.
DAPNSA:

DOC: Roger.
NORAD:

please keep this line open.

I'm going

to

confi:rm.
DOC: Roger.
PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC once again.

Is FAA tracking

that inbound?
DOC: Stand by. FAA are you tracking
FAA: Say again
DAPNSA:

that inbound?

for the FAA.

This is Steve Hadley

'l'OP SECD'l'

again.

I've just

USD(I)

36
tp()p

confirmed

from the Vice President

looks threatening

President

Sl!ICRE'P

his instruction

if the inbound

was to take it out.

DDO: Roger.

If it looks threatening

has directed

that we take it out.

DAPRSA:

aircraft

the Vice

That's correct.

DDO: Roger, sir.
DAPNSA:

Any additional

about that aircraft,

obviously,

information
is useful

you can get

before

you get to

the point where you have to make a take out decision.

Do

you copy?
DDO: Last calling station,
from the Vice

President.

DAPRSA:

please

identify

That was Mr. Hadley,

DDO: Mr. Hadley. Roger,
DAPRSA:

relaYing

the message

yourself.

NSC.

thank you much.

Is Gen. Myers on conference?

DDO: Sir, he's standing

right here.

DAPNSA:

on conference.

Can you put h~

DDO: Roger,
SECDEF:

sir.

Steve, Gen. Myers and X are here. This is

Don Rumsfeld.
DAPNSA:
with the Vice
an aircraft

Mr. Secretary,

President

good.

X talked briefly

and his guidance

was if there was

inbound that close and it looked threatening

'fOP SECRE'1'

'OSD{I)

37

WQP saGRBT
his guidance was to take it out. Do you copy?
VCJCS

(Gen MYers): We copy, Steve.

DAPNSA: Do you want to speak directly
President

to the Vice

about it? OVer.
VCJCS: Secretary

RWIlSfeld would like to speak to

the Vice President.
DAPNSA: Let me see if :I can bring him to the
phone. Bold one.
FAA: This is the FAA. :r have the coordinates
the flight in Pennsylvania

of

if you're ready to copy.

PEDe: DDO, PEOC. Understand

status of fighter CAP

is just still two assets? And, stand by for the Vice
President.
VPOTUS: Hello.
SECDEF: Hr. Vice President,

this is Don Rumsfeld

and Gen. Myers in the mlCC.
VPOTUS: You guys are in the NHCC?
SECDEF: We are.
VPOTUS:

I've been in touch with the President.

I

know he's been trying to reach you as well. Have you had a
chance to talk to him yet?
SECDEF: I did but it was very early. It was right
after the airplane hit the pentagon.

'fOP SECltET

USD(I)

38

'lOP SECM:'l
VPOTUS: Okay. He's going to relocate to another
site. They haven't found it yet. We received an anonymous
-call over here that Angel, i.e., Air Force ODe was the next
target and I assume he thought steps had been taken to
provide protection

for Air Force One.

SECDEF: That's true. That's been ordered.
VPOTUs: All right~ Then our forces are on a
heightened

state of alert worldwide?
ROHSFELD:

~hey are. They're on threat con Delta.

VPOTUS: Now, there's been at least three
instances here where we've had reports of aircraft
approaching

washington.

were confirmed
President's

as hijacked aircraft.

instructions

be taken out.

In a couple of those cases they

I gave authorization

to the

for them to

(pause) Bello.

SECDEl": Yes, 1:understand.
that direction

And, pursuant

And, who did you give

to?

VPOTUS: 1:twas passed
Center at the White Bouse ,from

from here through the OP
the PEOC.

SECDEF: Okay. Let me ask the question here, has
that directive

been transmitted

to the aircraft?

VPO'l'tJS:
Yes, it has.
SECDEF: So, we've got a couple of aircraft up

'feit SECRE"f'

39

USD(I)
'lap

SECRE'l'

there that have those instructions

at the present

t±me?

VPO'l'US:That is correct. And, it's my
understanding

they've already taken a couple of the

aircraft out.
SECDE!': We can't confirm. that. We're told that
one aircraft

is down but we do not have a pilot report that

they did it.
VPOTOS:
information

Okay. Well, as soon as you get more

let me know because we're getting

fragments

here as well, too.
BECDEl!":The report is that one is down north of
Camp David but -VPOTUS: .Don, can
President

YOU

hold for a minute,

is trying to reach me?

the

stand by.

SEeDEr: You bet, ~'ll hold.
FAA: This is the FAA. We just talked to
Jacksonville

Center. The aircraft

that is apparently

to Air Force ODe is a primary target. Jacksonville
is not working

that aircraft.

close

center

Be is not under ATC control.

NORAD: Break, break, this is HORAn with an
update.

(pause) National,

this is NORAD with an update.

DDO: NORAl), please provide.
HORAD: Copy. We have confirmation

'fOZ' SECRB'f

currently

of

40

US!;)(I)
two fighters, a single·E-3

as well as a tanker currently

inbound. Estimate time ten minutes overhead at CAP point
north of Langley Field for protection

of the Washington,

D.C. area. NORAD complete.
DDO: Roger, thank you.
LTCOL JEROME O'BRIEN: John, Jerome.
LTCOL JOHN BRUNDERMAN: Who is it?
.JEROME: Jerome.
JOBl1: Jerome, put an EA member on, please.
JEROME:

Roger that.

JOBl1: Let's get ready to CAC up a 222. We haven't
been ordered to do it yet but let'S just be ready. If it
requires

SAS you are authorized

preposition

to go in the box and

it.
EA: A 222 to do what?
JOBH: To change the DEFOOR.

I'm just saying let's

just be prepared.
EA: Okay. We'll prep one.
DDO: This is the DDO. Secretary of Defense has
directed

that we go to worldwide

DEFCON 3 and be prepared

to go to 2. pleAse acknowledge.
AIR FORCE: Air Force Operation
acknowledges.

'l!QP SECRBJP

Center

USD(I)

41
!POP BECH'!'
VPOTUS:

Rello Don, Dick here.

GEN BA~NS:
Hawkins.

Hr. Vice President

this is General

Stand by one.
VPOTUS:

Okay.

SECDEF:

Hello. this is Rumsfeld.

VPOTOS:

Yeah, Cheney here, Don. The President

would like to hear fram you and needless

to say he's still

trying to decide where to locate.
RUMSFELD:
VPOTUS:

I beg your pardon?

I say, the President

to you and would appreciate
status of

u.s.

about location,

like to talk

a call. Just brief hLm on the

forces. He may want to consult
where he can

that you can tell h~
aircraft

would

go

to. And, any information

about the interception

that were coming

with you also

to Washington

of the

also would be

helpful.
SECDEF:
a video conference
VPOTUS:

Okay. Apparently,

you're

on a conference,

that does not come into the NMCC.
I can't believe

that.

SECDEF: Well. now we know. We think
recommending

-- we're

going to Def Con 3.

VPOTUS:

All right.

I'll have to run that by him

and let him make the call. But. I think that s a good idea.
I

'POP s:eeRE'!'

42

OSD(I)
'!6P

SECRE'!

SECDEF: And, what I'll do is pull together

some

notes here and be ready to talk to him and give him a call
shortly.
VPO'l'US:All right.
SECDE!': Are you going to be on the call too
maybe?
VPOTUS:

I dOD't need to be. The communicationa--I

wouldn't make a prediction

at this point.

SECDEF: Where are you?
VPOTUS:

I'm in the PEOC over in the east wing.

SECDE!': Okay.
VPO'l'OS:And, I've got Condi with me and Steve
Badley, John Bowman and company. We're geared up here,
ready to go to do whatever we need to do.
SECDEF: Okay. And, I'm ask:ing Paul Wolfowitz
go to an alternate
VPOTOS:

to

site.
All right.

SECDEF: Okay. I'll be back at you. Thanks •
.VPOTUS:

Yes, sir.

DDO: This is the DDO back in the conference.
Again, hold off on DEFCON 3. X say again, we need to go to
the PO'rOS before we actually

execute.

All stations,

again. This is the DDO. please hold on DEFCON

'.POPBECHT

3.

X say

USD(I)

43
!POP SBCR:BqJ

Acknowledge

please.

AIR FORCE: 'Air Force Ops Center acknowledges.
HORAn: NORAD copies.
NIGHTHAWK:

Night Hawk Control

HORAn: NORAD USSPACECOM

acknowledges.

acknowledges.

FAA: The FAA acknowledges.
PEMA: FEMA Operations
DDO: Al.l conferees,
update

on the deClaration

overriding

Center acknowledges.

this is theDOO.

of DEFCON

the last given. DEFCON

,are now directing

worldwide

h¥ the Vice Chairman.

acknowledge

3 worldwide,

DEFCON

it's being directed

10:46 EDT. All stations
effective

10:46 EDT.

Acknowledge.
AIR FORCE: Air Force Ops Center acknowledges.
MARINE:

Marine Corps Op Center acknowledges.

HORAD: HORAD USA acknowledges.
STRATCOM:

u.s.

STRATCOH

acknowledge.

PEOC: PZOC acknowledges.
NIGHT HAWK: Night Hawk Control
USCINCPAC:

USCINCPAC

We

3. That's being dlrected

I say again,

Time,

3. Again, we are

3 has been declared.

DEFCON

the vice Chairman.

We have an

acknowledges.

acknowledges.

NMJIC: NHJIC, aye aye, sir.

TOP SEeR'!'

by

O'SD(I}

44
'fOp

SECRE'l'

NMCC: Def Con 3 at 14:14.

DDO: Roger, that's 14:46 Zulu. A1so, be advised
we are drafting

the EAM and it will follow shortly.

NORAn: Break, break. This is NORAn with

aD

update.
DDO: RORAn provide your update.
NOKAO: Copy. We have verification
that we have scrambled

two fighters out of Ellington

to escort Air Force One.
Ellington

Field

say again, two fighters out of

I

Field in Texas to escort Air Porce One. Stand by

for an estimated

time of intercept. HORAn complete.

DDO: Roger. And, HORAD, understand
there is no one basically
NORAD:We

currently

covering Air Force One?

cannot verify at this.time Rational.

We're still trying to get verification
HORAD

at this time

from FAA or CORR.

complete.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC •
DDO:

PEOC,

DDO.

PEOC: From the Mil Aide. Venus 7 has been ordered
to divert to Barksdale

Air Force Base. Refuel.

Stand by.

DDO: Roger. Say again, who's diverting?·
PEOC: Venus 7.
DDO:

Roger. Understand Venus 7 diverted

TOP SECRET

to?

45

USD(I)
'flOP 9!!1CR!l'fl.

PEOC: Barksdale
DDO: Roger.

Air Force Base.

(pause) All stations,

this is the

DDO. EAM has been released 1452 Zulu. All. stations
acknowledge.
ARMY: Army. Marine Corps acknowledge.
NORAD: HORAD l1SSPACECON.
PEOC: This is PEOC, say again.
DDO: This is the DDO. I say again, the EAH was
released

1452 Zulu. We're just getting acknowledgments.
PEOC: PEOC acknowledges.
STRATCOK:

STRATCOM acknowledges.

HIGHT HAWK: Night Hawk Control
DORAn:

NORAD USSPACECOM,

acknowledges.

acknowledges.

AIR FORCE: Air Force, acknowledges.
HAOC: NAOC acknowledges.
FAA: This is the FAA. What was the lead at 1452?
FAA: DDO, FAA.
DDO: FAA, DDO.
FAA: What was the lead at 1452?
DDO: Roger. It's
directing

aD.

emergency

worldwide

DEFCOH 3.

FAA: FAA

acknowledges.

EA: All conferees

'!'OI?

action message

please stand by.

SBcm!'f'

USD(I)

46
!'oP SEeREr
PEOC: DDO, PEOC.
DDO: PEOC, DDO.
PEOC: Were we ever able 'to confirm the' final
status of United flight 93? Was that the airplane that went
down at 3951 north? And, do we know if that was a result of
fighter engagement?
DDO: This is the DDO. We could not confirm that
it's flight 93, United flight, and we cannot confirm the
nature of its decline and crash.
DDO: HORAD, DDO. Do we have any reports of
intercept by fighters of civilian aircraft?
HORAD: This is HORAD. That's a negative at this
time. We have no pilot repOrts of any intercept on civilian
aircraft.

I do have additional updates.
DDO: Roger, provide your upd.ates.
HORAn: Okay. At this time we have two fighters

scrambling
Ellington

out of Ellington to escort Air Force one.
Field in Texas has also ordered the generation of

four additional aircraft as backup for Air Poree one
escort. In addition. we have two P-16s scrambling out of
Andrews Air Force Base. No airborne CAP at this time.
Stand by for updates. HORAD complete.
DIX>: This is the DDO. Roger.

TOP SEemcT

USD(I}

47
~;c,~

...
ve

PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC. understand
Ellington.

Two out of Andrews

CAP over Washington

two out of

and that will make

the total

four right now or will that make

it

six?
DDO: This is the DDO.

count,

I

stand by--my

count

is a total of eight once we get them all. We have two out
of Andrews1

four additional

aircraft

coming

in and. then two

out of Ellington.
PEOC: Okay. The two out of Ellington

are for Air

Force One and then the six are for D.C.
DDO: That's affirmative.
the report.

That's

the way we· have

HORAD, DDO, if that's wrong please

HORAn:

acknowledge.

NORAD, stand by.

FAA: DDO, PAA.
000:

Stand by.

HORAn:

HORAD, that is a correct

PEOC: Okay. Once again,
Air Porce One. Two preparing
four that are currently
NORAD:
a report

two out of Ellington

to depart

airborne

This is HORAD.

being

same situation

generated

out of Andrews

That's

a negative.

!fOP

and

We have

over D.C., four

out of Andrews.

at Ellington

for

for D.C.

of two fighters airborne

additional

number.

Field.

seeRE'!'

In addition.

Two generated

for Air

48

USD(I)

TOP SZaE'l'
Force one, four additional
well as backup

just ordered

Understand

we've got AR

as well.
HORAD:

Say again.

PEOC: Understand
airborne

as

for Air Force one. HORAD complete.

PEOC: PEOC acknowledges.
capability

to be generated

we have air refueling

capability

as well?
HORAn: That's affir.mative for Washington,

have confirmation
the fighters

D.C. We

of a tanker on CAP north of Langley

for

near D.C.

DDO: And, this is the DDO. Do we have an AWACS in
the area controlling?
HORAD:

Please repeat.

DDO: I Bay again. Do we have an AWACS

in the area

controlling?
NORAD:
on location

That is affirmative.

We have a single E-3

over D.C.

DDO: This is the DDO. Thank you.
HORAn: And, HORAn,

just one more update

to this.

DDO: provide update.
BORAn:

NORAn is currently

stand by.
FAA: DDO, FAA.

processing

please

USD(I)

49
'1"0. SECltE'1"

DDO: FAA, DDO.
FAA: We have a S50049 in Jacksonville
requesting

clearance.

Do you want that aircraft

that is
airborne?

DDO: Stand by.
VENUS CONTROL: That aircraft

is Venus 7.

FAA: If it's Venus 7 it's cleared

to Barksdale.

DDO: This is the DDO. I conc:ur if it's Venus 7 it
is, in fact, cleared.
FAA: Understand
go airborne

if it's Venus 7 he is cleared to

is that right?

DDO: This is the DDO; affirmative.
PEOC: And, DDO, PEOC. Do we have an estimated
intercept

time for the Ellington

fighters?

DDO: This is the DDO. NORAn can you assist,
estimated

intercept

time?

NORAn: This is HORAD. Negative.
estimated

intercept

We have no

time at this time. HORAn complete.

DDO: This is the DDO. Can we confirm current
location of Air Force One?
HORAD: That's affirmative.

Stand by.

DDO: And, we'll update the vice President.
two out of Ellington

have already

NORAD: National,

launched

this is NORAD.

however.

The

USD(I)

50

'fOP SBCltE'f
DDO: This is the NMCC.
NORAD: Roger. Current

location

of Air Force One

ready to copy lat and long?
DDO: Roger. Go ahead and give me it. This is a
secure conference.
HORAn: Say again.
000: Go ahead and give me in addition
coordinates

to your

exact city location.

HORAn: Roger, stand by for that. Latlong,
north,

08859 west currently

.Location

is southeastern

heading

United

3117

290 speed of 446 •

States '",
Stand by for

geographic.
FAA: 000,

FAA.

ODO: FAA, ODO.
FAA: The S50049 departed
He is enroute to Andrews.

without

authorization.

We do not know if it is Venus

7

or not.
ODO: Roger. Give me the ~ail number
FAA: 950049. Apparently,

again.

it has a Lt. Col. Smith

onboard.
VENUS CONTROL:

This

is Venus Control.

tail number for Venus 7 and Col. Smith
DDO: Roger. Thanks

That is the

is the pilot.

for that clarification.

'POP SBCRET

USO(I)

51
'lap

Understand

SEeRET

it is, in fact, Venus

7.

FAA: is it inbound to Andrews
Barksdale?

or inbound

(pause) That would be enroute
ODD: Roger. confirm.

to

to Barksdale.

Understand

it's going to

Barksdale.
FAA: Correct.
ODO: Roger, thank you much. Also,
to find out whether we have any unknown
in the vicinity

of the washington,

it's important

tracks

inbound

D.C. area.

AiR FORCE: This is Air Force. Confirm
new inbound unknown

track,

ODO: Affirmative.
inbound

to Washington,

threat
enroute

tracking

this is a

sir?
Any aircraft

on any track

D.C. that is unidentified.

NORAn: Break, break,
currently

or

this is NORAn.

NORAn

is

one track off the east coast not a

to Washington,

D.C. at this time. Otis fighters

are

to intercept •
.AiR FORCE: This is Air Force.
DDO: Air Force, this is the DDO. Who are you

addressing?
AIR FORCE: The office
track,

that identified

sir.
HORAn:

Roger. This is NORAD.

TOP SECRE'l

the unknown

USD(I)

52
If'OP SECRET

AIR FORCE: NORAD, this is Air Force. Say location
of unknown

track.
NORAD: Roger, stand by. Current

north,

location

4103

06728 west off the coast of Massachusetts,

northeastern

United States.

FAA: Doo, FAA.
DDO: FAA, this. is the DDO.
FAA: Do you have an aircraft
Washington,

over

D.C. at flight level 230?

DDO: NORAn, DDO. Again,
know~g

circling

whether

FAA is interested

we have an aircraft

circling

in

vicinity

of

Atlanta?
HORAD: Roger. I can confirm
in the vicinity.

we do have aircraft

Stand by for. flight level.

HORAD: This is HORAn.

X do have confirmation

flight level 22 for fighter aircraft

over D.C. and

vicinity.
FAA: Confirmation

fighter

aircraft?

NORA»: This is HORAn. That's affirmative.
confirmation

at flight level 22.

DDO: Roger. Understand
fact, is accounted
NORAD:

flight level 22 is, in

for?

That's affirmative.

'POP SHCREIf'

USO(I)

53

DDO: This is the DDO. Thank you.
PAA: DOC, this is the FAA. Confir.m you do have
one out there at flight level 230.
ODO: Roger. We acknowledged flight level 22.
And,

I

understand now you're asking flight level 230?
HORAn: Negative, negative, negative.

This is

HORAD. Flight level 220 is confirmed.

FAA: Understand 220.
NORAD: That's affirmative.
FAA: Roger.
(GO TO TAPE #2,

SIDE 2 TO CONT:INOE)

TAPE #2, SIDE 2
AIR FORCE: HORAD, this is Air Force.
HORAn: Go ahead, Air Force.
Am FORCE: Yes, sir. Say position of unknown
track off east coast.
HORAD: Stand by. Air Force, HORAD. Currentiy
showing unknown at 4103 north, 06728 west, northeast

coost

of the united States.
AIR FORCE: Sir, how many Ddles off the coast?
NORAD: Stand by.
PEOC: DDO, PEOC •
DDO:

PEOC, DDO.

'f01' SEeRE'!'

USD(I)

54
'fOP SECRe'f
PEOC: As soon as you find out what the intercept
time is on the Ellington

fighters can you let us know? ADd

also, from Dr. Rice for NATO, just make
maintain

a good log of disposition

were alerted,

sure that we

of assets, when they

when they took off, that sort of thing?

000: This is the DDO, Wl:LCO.
RORAD:
HORAD. Currently
120 miles

HORAn copies. And, Air Force this is
showing unknown

at 290 for approximately

from Cape Cod.
DDO: Say again, 120 miles

from which

area?

070 for 120 miles

from

DDO: This is the DDO. Just need to confirm

that

NORAD:

Currently

showing

Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

two F-16s are still on CAP in the vicinity

of Washington,

D.C.?
HORAn:

This is HORAn;

that is affirmative.

DOO: RORAD this is the DDO. Is
put eyes on that identified

there a plan to go

track in the vicinity

of

Massachusetts?
RORAn:
OTIS fighters

That's affirmative,

sir. The scrambled

are en route and I'm working

this time.
DDO: Roger.

'POP SI!lCU'P

on anETI

at

USD(I)

55
TOP
FAA: DDO,

SSCR!!!'

FAA. (pause)

guys have a scramble

code for

HORAn:This is

This

your

is

the

fighter

HORAD;stand

AIR FORCE:This

is

FAA. Do you

aircraft?

by FAA.

Air Force.

DDO:HORAn,DIX>.
HORAn:Go ahead.
DDO:

unidentified

Need to confirm

track

in the vicinity

HORAn:Roger,

stand

FAA: Air Force,
for

the

ROEbeing

used on

of Massachusetts.

by.

FAA. Do you have a scramble

code

your fighters?
AIR. FORCE:No sir.·

That would came fram HORAn.

FAA: Okay. NORAD,do you have a scramble
your

code for'

fighters?
HORAn:FAAthis

term scramble

code.

is

RORAD.Don't

Are you looking

understand

for mode 3

I

S

your

or call

signs?
FAA: Say that

again.

NORAD:Do not understand
scramble

code.

Are you looking

for

your terminology
a mode 3 or a ca1.1 sign?

FAA: Okay, do you have a code for

your scrambled.

aircraft?
NORAn:I don't

understand

'l'GP SECJmIl'

your te:rm, sir.

Are you

USD(I)

56
'POP SECRM'

looking for the mode 3 or the call sign?,
FAA: No,

I

need the code; a beacon, code. Do you

have a beacon code for your scrambled aircraft that tends
to separate them from other aircraft?
NORAD: Roger, understand

sir. We do not have mode

3 at this time. I will query for that. Stand, by.
FAA: Okay.
NAOC: DOO'I RAoe primary.
DDO: This is the 000.
RAOC: :r have disposi tion of RAOC assets when you
need them.
DIX): Rog'er. Please send them. And, we also need
the ROE for aircraft

in the vicinity of Massachusetts.

Again, it is important that we just escort it to the ground
but not to fire on it. Acknowledge.
.,.,

DIX): HORAn, do you acknowledge?
NORAD: NORAD, acknowledge.
DIX): Roger, please provide your update on
disposition.
NORA»: This is NORAn, stand by. I have an update
on Air Force One, Ellington

fighters ETI to escort ten

minutes. Say again ten minutes. NORAn colnP.lete•
DDO: Roger, unders,tand. Fighter escort for Air'

'l!OP SEGREIP

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