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TAM VCA

System nomenclature

Type 70-1 122mm

Type 85 122mm

GCT AUF1

GCT AUF2

Panzerhaubitze 2000

RTG-52

Catapult

NORINCO
Status unclear

France
Creusot-Loire (later Giat)
1966

Giat
1979

Nexter (Giat)
1999

Germany
Krauss-Maffei Wegmann
Development

Germany & USA


KMW & General Dynamics
Development

Germany
Krauss-Maffei Wegmann
1998

Germany & South Africa


Rheinmetall & Denel Ordnance
Development for India

BEML
1987

Users
Weight [kg]
Length (gun forward) [m]
Hull length [m]

Argentina
n.k.
n.k.
6.77

China
15,300
5.65
5.65

China (only in limited service)


16,500
6.66
6.13

China
20,000
n.k.
n.k.

China
30,000
7.33
6.88

China & other 3 Countries


33,000
10.52
6.10

Prototype
35,000
n.k.
n.k.

Status unclear
40,400
n.k.
5.72

France & other 8 Countries


17,400
6.22
4.34

France & other 4 Countries


42,000
10.25
6.70

France & other 1 Country


n.k.
n.k.
6.70

Prototype
27,000
10.42
n.k.

Prototype
35,000
10.30
n.k

Germany & other 3 Countries


55,800
11.69
7.87

Prototype
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.

India, being retired


n.k.
n.k.
9.80

Width [m]
Height [m]
Crew
Engine

3.25
n.k.
n.k.
MTU MB-833 Ka500

3.07
2.73
6-7
Type 6150L diesel

3.07
2.85
6
Deutz modell BF8L 413F diesel

3.40
2.00
5
12V150L12 diesel

3.24
3.50
5
Deuz modell 12150L diesel

3.23
2.60
5
Deutz modell BF12 L413FC diesel

n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
Deuz modell 12150L diesel

3.15
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.

2.70
2.09
1 (7)
SOFAM modell 8Gxb

3.15
3.25
4
Hispano-Suiza HS 110

3.15
3.25
4
Renault Mack E9

2.97
3.06
2
Cummins VTA-903T diesel

2.80
3.00
2
MTU 8V 1999

3.54
3.46
5 (3)
MTU MT881 Ka-500 diesel

3.54
n.k.
3-4
n.k.

3.17
n.k.
n.k.
General Motors 12V-71T diesel

Engine power [hp]


Maximum road speed [km/h]
Range [km]
Main gun

530
70
550
155mm / 39 Calibre

260
56
500
122mm / 23 Calibre

320
60
500
122mm / 38 Calibre

450
60
500
122mm / 32 Calibre

520
55
450
152mm / 29 Calibre

525
55
450
155mm / 45 Calibre

520
55
550
155mm / 52 Calibre

n.k.
51
450
203mm / 45 Calibre

250
65
300
155mm / 33 Calibre

720
60
450
155mm / 40 Calibre

750
n.k.
n.k.
155mm / 52 Calibre

550
60
480
155mm / 52 Calibre

720
56
500
155mm / 52 Calibre

1,000
60
420
155mm / 52 Calibre

1,000
60
n.k.
155mm / 52 Calibre

720
n.k.
n.k.
130mm / 58 Calibre

Ammunition load
Maximum firing range (with standard HE round) [km]
Maximum firing range (with extended range ammunition) [km]
Maximum Rate of Fire

30
24.7
27.5 (with BB), 30 (with RAP)
3 rounds in 20 seconds

40
11.8
17.4 (with RAP)
n.k.

40
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.

40
18
21 (with ERFB-HB)
n.k.

30
17.2
21.8 (with RAP)
n.k.

30
24
39 (with ERFB-BB )
n.k.

30
33 (with ERFB)
+40 (with ERFB-BB)
8-10 rounds per minute

n.k.
40 (with ERFB)
50 (with ERFB-BB)
n.k.

n.k.
17.7
25.3 (with RAP)
6 rounds per minute

42
21.8
29 (with BB), 30.5 (with RAP)
n.k.

42
30 (with ERFB)
40.3 (with ERFB-BB)
3 rounds in 15 seconds

30
30 (with ERFB)
40 (with ERFB-BB), 50 (with V-Lap)
10 rounds in 2 minutes

30
30 (with ERFB)
40 (with ERFB-BB), 50 (with V-Lap)
10 rounds in 2 minutes

60
30 (with ERFB)
40 (with ERFB-BB), 50 (with V-Lap)
3 rounds in 10 seconds

n.k.
31 (with ERFB)
42 (with ERFB-BB), 52 (with V-Lap)
n.k.

30
27.5
38 (with ERFB-BB)
8 rounds per minute

Continuous Fire Rate


Elevation range
Traverse range
Additional armament

6 rounds per minute


-5 to +70
360
MG 12.7mm

5-6 rounds per minute


-2.5 to +63
-22.5 to 22.5
MG 7.62mm

6-8 rounds per minute


-5.0 to +70
-22.5 to 22.5
None

6-8 rounds per minute


n.k.
360
MG 12.7mm

5 rounds per minute


-5 to +65
360
MG 12.7mm

4-5 rounds per minute


-3 to +72
360
MG 12.7mm

n.k.
n.k.
360
MG 12.7mm

1 round in 1 minute
n.k.
-30 to +30
MG 7.62

3-4 rounds per minute


0 to +67
-25 to +25
None

8 rounds per minute


-4 to +66
360
MG 7.62mm

8-10 rounds per minute


n.k.
360
MG 12.7mm

6 rounds per minute


0 to +70
360
None

6 rounds per minute


0 to +70
360
None

8-9 rounds per minute


-2.5 to +65
360
MG 7.62mm

6 rounds per minute


-5 to 75
360
MG 7.62mm

3-5 rounds per minute


-5 to +45
n.k.
None

Ammunition load
Fording (with preparation) [m]

n.k.
1.40

n.k.
Amphibious

Amphibious

n.k.
Amphibious

650
1.30

400
1.20

500
n.k.

n.k.
n.k.

0.65

2,050
2.10

800
n.k.

n.k.

1.2

1500
1.50

n.k.
n.k.

n.k.

System nomenclature
Cuntry of ogin
Developer
Entered service

Iran
Defence Industries Organisation
2000's

Iran
Defence Industries Organisation
2000's

Soltam
1968

OTO Melara
1983

Japan
Komatsu & Japan Steel
1974

Japan
Mitsubishi & Japan Steel
1975

Japan
Mitsubishi & Japan Steel
1999

North Korea
Defence Industries Organisations
1970's

North Korea
Defence Industries Organisations
1980's

North Korea
Defence Industries Organisations
1970's

Poland & United Kingdom


OBRUM & BAE Systems
2010

Romania
Romanian state factories
1980's

Russia
Russian state factories
1974

Russia
Russian state factories
1973

Russia
Russian state factories
1981

Russia
Uraltransmash Design Bureau
1989

Users
Weight [kg]
Length (gun forward) [m]
Hull length [m]
Width [m]
Height [m]
Crew
Engine

Iran
17,500
6.50
6.50
2.67
3.00
4
V-8 diesel

Iran
36,000
9.14
n.k.
3.38
3.47
5
V-84MS diesel

Israel, being retired


41,500
8.47
6.47
2.62
3.45
8
Cummins VT-8-460 diesel

Italy & other 3 Countries


46,000
11.47
7.27
3.35
2.87
5
MTU MB 837 Ka-500 diesel

Japan, being retired


16,500
5.80
5.80
2.90
2.39
4
Mitsubishi 4ZF diesel

Japan
25,300
7.80
6.60
3.10
2.55
6
Mitsubishi 6ZF diesel

Japan
40,000
11.30
n.k.
3.20
4.20
4
Mitsubishi 6SY31WA

North Korea
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.

North Korea
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.

North Korea & other 2 Countries


n.k.
n.k.
6.50
3.30
n.k.
n.k.
12150L diesel

Poland
52,1000
11.70
n.k.
3.50
3.80
5
S-12U diesel

Romania, being retired


17,500
7.31
7.31
3.15
2.67
5
1240 V8DTS

Russia & other 30 Countries


15,700
7.62
7.62
2.85
2.73
4-6
YaMZ 238N V-8 diesel

Russia & other 20 Countries


27,500
8.40
7.77
3.25
3.05
4
V-59 V-12 diesel multifuel

Russia & other 3 Countries


28,500
8.33
7.30
3.25
2.76
5
V-59 V-12 diesel multifuel

Russia & other 5 Countries


42,000
11.92
6.05
3.38
2.99
5
V-84A V-12 diesel multifuel

Engine power [hp]


Maximum road speed [km/h]
Range [km]
Main gun
Ammunition load
Maximum firing range (with standard HE round) [km]
Maximum firing range (with extended range ammunition) [km]
Maximum Rate of Fire

315
65
400
122 / 38 Calibre
35
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.

840
65
450
155mm / 39 Calibre
30
24
30 (with RAP)
n.k.

460
38
260
155mm / 33 Calibre
60
20
24 (with BB)
n.k.

750
60
500
155mm / 39 Calibre
30
24.7
27.5 (with BB), 30 (with RAP)
3 rounds in 20 seconds

300
50
300
105mm
30
14.5
n.k.
n.k.

450
47
300
155mm / 30 Calibre
28
19
24 (with RAP)
n.k.

600
50
300
155mm / 39 Calibre
n.k.
30
38 (with BB)
n.k.

n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
122mm / 38 Calibre
40
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.

n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
130mm
n.k.
23.7
29.5 (with RAP)
n.k.

520
~40
~300
170mm
2
30
50 (with ERFB-BB), 60 (with RAP)
n.k.

850
60
650
155mm / 52 Calibre
60
30 (with ERFB)
40 (with ERFB-BB)
n.k.

360
65
500
122mm / 38 Calibre
40
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.

300
62
500
122mm / 38 Calibre
40
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.

520
60
500
152mm / 34 Calibre
40
17.4
24 (with RAP)
n.k.

520
63
500
152mm / 52 Calibre
30
28.4
33 (with BB), 40 (with RAP)
n.k.

780
60
500
152mm / 48 Calibre
50
24.7
28.9 (with BB), 36 (with RAP)
n.k.

Continuous Fire Rate


Elevation range
Traverse range
Additional armament
Ammunition load
Fording (with preparation) [m]

4-5 rounds per minute


-3 to +72
360
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
Amphibious

3-4 rounds per minute


-3 to +75
360
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
1.20

n.k.
-4 to +52
-30 to +30
MG 7.62
1,000
0.9

6 rounds per minute


-5 to +70
360
MG 12.7mm
1,000
4.0

n.k.
n.k.
360
MG 12.7mm
500
1.2

6 rounds per minute


-5 to +65
360
MG 12.7mm
2,000
1.3

6 rounds per minute


n.k.
360
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
n.k.

6-8 rounds per minute


n.k.
n.k.
None
n.k.

4-5 rounds per minute


n.k.
n.k.
None
n.k.

1-2 rounds in 5 minutes


n.k.
n.k.
None
n.k.

6 rounds per minute


-3.5 to +70
360
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
1.0

6-8 rounds per minute


-3.0 to +70
360
None
Amphibious

6-8 rounds per minute


-3.0 to +70
360
None
Amphibious

3-4 rounds per minute


-4.0 to +60
360
MG 7.62mm
1,500
1.0

5-6 rounds per minute


-2.5 to +58
-15 to +15
MG 7.62mm
1,000
1.05

7-8 rounds per minute


-3.0 to +65
360
MG 12.7mm
300
5.00

System nomenclature

2S7M Pion
Russia
Volgograd "Barikady" Plant
1974
Russia & other 6 Countries
46,500
13.00
10.50
3.38
3.00
7
V-46-I V-12 diesel
840
50
650
203mm / 56 Calibre
8
37.5
47.5 (with RAP)
n.k.
1 round per minute
0 to +60
30
None
1.20

System nomenclature
Cuntry of ogin
Developer
Entered service
Users
Weight [kg]
Length (gun forward) [m]
Hull length [m]
Width [m]
Height [m]
Crew
Engine
Engine power [hp]
Maximum road speed [km/h]
Range [km]
Main gun
Ammunition load
Maximum firing range (with standard HE round) [km]
Maximum firing range (with extended range ammunition) [km]
Maximum Rate of Fire
Continuous Fire Rate
Elevation range
Traverse range
Additional armament
Ammunition load
Fording (with preparation) [m]

USA
Pacific Car & Foundry Company
1978
16 Countries, being retired
26,534
10.73
5.72
3.15
2.81
5+8
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
55
520
203mm / 41 Calibre
2
24
30 (with RAP)
n.k.
1 round in 1 minute
-2.0 to +65
-30 to +30
None
1.2

M110M2

2S35 Koalitsija-SV
Russia
Uraltransmash Design Bureau
Development
Prototype
55,000
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
2-3
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
2 x 152mm / 52 Calibre
~70
30
40
n.k.
16-17 rounds per minute
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.
n.k.

M44 (mod. 1989)


USA & Germany
Massey Harris & Rheinmetall
1989
3 Countries
28,380
n.k.
6.16
3.24
3.11
5
MTU MB 833 Aa-501
450
56
620
155mm / 39 Calibre
30
18
24 (with BB), 30 (with RAP)
n.k.
n.k.
-5.0 to +65
-30 to +30
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
1.07

SSPH Primus
Singapore
ST Kinetics
2003
Singapore & other 1 Country
28,300
10.21
6.60
3.00
3.28
4
Detroit Diesel 6V 92TA diesel
550
50
350
155mm / 39 Calibre
26
24
30 (ERFB-BB)
3 rounds in 20 seconds
6 rounds per minute
-5.0 to +75
360
MG 7.62mm
1,000
1.10

Type 74

K9 Thunder

XT-69 / T195

South Korea
Samsung Techwin
1999
South Korea
47,100
12.00
7.44
3.40
2.73
5
MTU MT 881 Ka-500 diesel
1,000
66
480
155mm / 52 Calibre
48
24
30 (with RAP), 40 (ERFB-BB)
3 rounds in 15 seconds
3-6 rounds per minute
-2.5 to +70
360
MG 12.7mm
500
1.50

Taiwan & USA


CSIST & United Defense LP
Late 1970's
Taiwan, being retired
43,700
6.12
6.12
3.29
n.k.
5
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
60
450
155mm / 23 Calibre
n.k.
14.6
18,2 (with RAP)
4 rounds per minute
1 round per minute
0 to +63
-24.5 to +24.5
None
n.k.

Type 75

XT-69A1 / T196
Taiwan & Belgium
CSIST & SRC International
1990's
Taiwan
n.k.
n.k.
6.12
3.29
n.k.
5
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
n.k.
n.k.
155mm / 45 Calibre
n.k.
30
38 (ERFB-BB)
n.k.
n.k.
0 to +69
-30 to +30
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
n.k.

Type 99

M52T
Turkey & USA
Otokar OKS & BAE Systems
1995
Turkey
29,500
n.k.
5.80
3.15
3.32
5
MTU MB 833 Aa-501
450
n.k.
n.k.
155mm / 39 Calibre
60
18
24 (with BB), 30 (with RAP)
n.k.
n.k.
-5.0 to +65
-60 to +60
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
n.k.

M1977 Chuch'e-Po

T-155 Firtina
Turkey & South Korea
Otokar OKS & Samsung Techwin
2004
Turkey
56,000
12.00
n.k.
3.50
3.43
5
MTU MT 881 Ka-500 diesel
1,000
65
400
155mm / 52 Calibre
48
24
30 (with RAP), 40 (ERFB-BB)
3 rounds in 15 seconds
3-6 rounds per minute
-2.5 to +70
360
MG 12.7mm
n.k.
1.50

M1992

FV433 Abbot
United Kingdom
Vickers
1963
3 Countries, being retired
16,550
5.84
5.70
2.64
2.48
4
Rolls-Royce K60 Mk4G diesel
240
47
390
105mm / 30 Calibre
40
17
20.6 (with BB)
n.k.
12 rounds per minute
-5.0 to +70
360
MG 7.62mm
1,200
Amphibious

France

Donar

China
NORINCO
Ready for production

Italy

France

Artillery Gun Module (AGM)

NORINCO
1997

Palmaria

China

Mk. F3

NORINCO
1984

Israel

China

Type 96

NORINCO
1989

L-33 Ro'em

China

PLZ05

NORINCO
1984

Raad-2 (Thunder-2)

China

PLZ45

NORINCO
1970

Cuntry of ogin
Developer
Entered service
Users
Weight [kg]
Length (gun forward) [m]
Hull length [m]
Width [m]
Height [m]
Crew
Engine
Engine power [hp]
Maximum road speed [km/h]
Range [km]
Main gun
Ammunition load
Maximum firing range (with standard HE round) [km]
Maximum firing range (with extended range ammunition) [km]
Maximum Rate of Fire
Continuous Fire Rate
Elevation range
Traverse range
Additional armament
Ammunition load
Fording (with preparation) [m]

China

Type 83 152mm

Argentina & Italy


TAMSE & OTO Melara
1998

Raad-1 (Thunder-1)

China

PLZ89 / Type 89

Cuntry of ogin
Developer
Entered service

M1978 Koksan

AS-90
United Kingdom
BAE Systems Land and Armaments
1992
United Kingdom
45,000
9.90
7.20
3.50
2.49
5
Cummins VTA903T diesel
660
55
370
155mm / 39 Calibre
48
24.7
32 (with HERA)
3 rounds in 10 seconds
2 rounds in 1 minute
-5.0 to +70
360
MG 7.62mm
1,000

Krab

SP122 SPG
USA & Egypt
United Defense LP
1988
Egypt
20,9000
6.95
n.k.
3.15
2.82
5
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
56
349
122mm / 38 Calibre
85
15.3
22 (with RAP)
n.k.
6-8 rounds per minute
-5.0 to +70
-30 to +30
12.7mm
500
1.70

Model 89 122mm

M107
USA
Pacific Car & Foundry Company
1963
7 Countries, being retired
28,165
11.26
5.72
3.15
2.81
5+8
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
56
725
175mm
2
32.7
40 (with HERA)
2 rounds in 1 minute
1 round in 2 minutes
-2.0 to +65
-30 to +30
None
1.07

2S1 Gvosdika

M108
USA
Cadillac Motor Car Div
1962
5 Countries, being retired
22,450
6.12
6.12
3.29
2.79
5
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
405
56
390
105mm
87
11.5
15.0 (with HERA)
3 rounds in 1 minute
1 round in 1 minute
-4.0 to +74
360
MG 12.7mm
500
Amphibious

2S3M Akatsiya

M109A2/A3/A4
USA
United Defense LP
Late 1970's
USA & other 29 Countries
23,780
n.k
6.25
3.14
3.62
6
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
440
65
390
155mm / 23 Calibre
28+22
18.1
24 (with HERA)
6 rounds per minute
2 rounds per minute
-3.0 to +75
360
MG 12.7mm
500
1.82m

2S5 Giatsint-S

M109A6
USA
BAE Systems Land and Armaments
1994
USA & other 4 Countries
28,800
9.67
6.80
3.14
3.62
6
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
440
65
350
155mm / 39 Calibre
39
24
30 (with BB), 40 (with M982 Excalibur)
3 rounds in 15 seconds
4 rounds per minute
-3.0 to +75
360
MG 12.7mm
500
1.82m

India

2S19 Msta-S

M109L47
Switzerland
RUAG Land Systems
1995
Switzerland & other 2 Countries
27,050
11.40
7.35
3.18
3.54
6
Detroit Diesel 8V71T diesel
440
60
230
155mm / 47 Calibre
40
28
36.4 (with ERFB-BB)
3 rounds in 15 seconds
8 rounds per minute
-3.0 to +75
360
MG 12.7mm
500
n.k.

XM1203 NLOS-C
USA
BAE Systems Land and Armaments
Development unclear
Prototype
27,050
n.k.
6.00
3.00
2.75
2
MTU Detroit Diesel 5L890
750
90
500
155mm / 39 Calibre
24
24
30 (with BB), 40 (with M982 Excalibur)
3 rounds in 15 seconds
10 rounds per minute
n.k.
360
None
n.k.

Ammunition Key:
BB: Base Bleed
ERFB: Extended Range Full Bore
ERFB-BB: Extended Range Full Bore - Base Bleed
ERFB-HB: Extended Range Full Bore - Hollow Base
RAP: Rocket-Assisted Projectile
HERA: High-Explosive Rocket-Assisted
V-Lap: Velocity-enhanced Long Range Artillery Projectile

Ian Gander for DTIG


16th May 2013
DTIG - Defense Threat Informations Group