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ESSENTIAL 500 WORDS

1.

abate
become less in amount or
intensity

2.

4.

abject

abscission

7.

the act of cutting something


off

abscond

8.

run away

abeyance
temporary cessation or
suspension

5.

formally reject or disavow a


formerly held belief

aberrant
markedly different from an
accepted norm

abjure

6.

abdicate
give up, such as power, as of
monarchs and emperors

3.

of the most contemptible


kind

abstemiou

9.

marked by temperance in
indulgence
10.

abstinence

the trait of refraining from


something, especially alcohol
11.

abysmal

resembling an abyss in depth;


so deep as to be
immeasurable
12.

accretion

an increase by natural growth


or addition
13.

accrue

grow by addition
14.

adamant

very hard native crystalline


carbon valued as a gem

15.

adjunct

something added to another


thing but not essential to it
16.

admonish

take to task
17.

adulterate

make impure by adding a


foreign or inferior substance
18.

aesthetic

characterized by an
appreciation of beauty or good
taste
19.

affected

influenced
20.

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling


of kinship
21.

aggrandize

add details to
22.

aggregate

a sum total of many


heterogeneous things taken
together
23.

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness


24.

alchemy

a pseudoscientific forerunner
of chemistry in medieval times
25.

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm


26.

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from


pain
27.

alloy

a mixture containing two or


more metallic elements
28.

allure

the power to entice or attract


through personal charm

amalgamat
e

29.

to bring or combine together


or with something else
30.

ambiguous

having more than one possible


meaning

ambivalenc
e

(of a person) open and


responsive to suggestion; easily
persuaded or controlled

31.

mixed feelings or emotions


32.

My husband never complains


about anything and is amenable to all
my vacation suggestions.

2.

Even though these budget cuts are


necessary, I know most of the staff will
not be amenable to the cutbacks.

3.

For the class project, Josh was


more amenable to writing a long
essay than he was to creating a short
film.

4.

Is this contract set in stone or is it


amenable to change?

ambrosia

the food and drink of the gods


33.

1.

ameliorate

to make betterverb

35.

make (something bad or


unsatisfactory) better.
he reform did much to
ameliorate living standards
34.

amenable

disposed or willing to comply


adjective

amenity

pleasantness resulting from


agreeable conditions
a desirable or useful feature or facility of a
building or place.
"the property is situated in a convenient
location, close to all local amenities"

36.

amulet
Noun
an ornament or small piece
of jewelry thought to give

protection against evil,


danger, or disease.

a trinket thought to be a
magical protection against evil

anachronis
m

37.

something located at a time


when it could not have existed
38.

analgesic

capable of relieving pain


39.

analogous

similar or equivalent in some


respects
40.

anarchy

a state of lawlessness and


disorder

41.

anodyne

capable of relieving pain


42.

anomalous

deviating from the general or


common order or type
43.

anomie

lack of moral standards in a


society
44.

antecedent

a preceding occurrence or
cause or event
45.

antediluvian

of or relating to the period


before the biblical flood
46.

antipathy

a feeling of intense dislike

47.

apathy

an absence of emotion or
enthusiasm
48.

apex

the highest point of something


49.

apogee

the farthest point in an orbit


around the Earth
50.

apothegm

53.

being of striking
appropriateness and
pertinence
54.

appease

make peace with


52.

appellation

identifying words by which


someone or something is
called

apprise

inform somebody of
something

approbatio
n

55.

official approval

a short pithy instructive saying


51.

apposite

56.

appropriate

suitable for a particular person


or place or condition etc
57.

apropos

of an appropriate or pertinent
nature

58.

arabesque

position in which the dancer


has one leg raised behind
59.

archeology

the branch of anthropology


that studies prehistoric people
and their cultures
60.

ardor

feelings of great warmth and


intensity
61.

arduous

characterized by effort to the


point of exhaustion
62.

argot

a characteristic language of a
particular group

63.

arrest

take into custody


64.

artifact

a man-made object taken as a


whole
65.

artless

simple and natural; without


cunning or deceit
66.

ascetic

someone who practices self


denial as a spiritual discipline
67.

asperity

harshness of manner
68.

aspersion

a disparaging remark

69.

Noun: the protection


granted by a nation to
someone who has left their
native country as a political
refugee.
she applied for asylum
and was granted refugee
status
an institution offering
shelter and support to
people who are mentally
ill.

assiduous

marked by care and persistent


effort
70.

assuage

provide physical relief, as from


pain
71.

astringent
Adj: causing the contraction
of body tissues, typically of
the skin.
an astringent skin lotion
sharp or severe in manner
or style.
her astringent words had
their effect

tending to draw together or


constrict soft organic tissue
72.

asylum

a shelter from danger or


hardship
73.

atavism

An atavism from "the old bord


er riders" of Scotlandshone thr
ough the boy, and he took on
quickly.a reappearance of an
earlier characteristic
74.

attenuate

reduce the force, effect, or


value of.
become weaker, in strength,
value, or magnitude
attenuated strains of rabies
virus
the filter must severely
attenuate frequencies above
10 Hz
75.

audacious

adjective

- disposed to venture
or take risks
76.

austere

adjective

of a stern or strict bearing or


demeanor - - an
austere man, with a rigidly
puritanical outlook

77.

autonomou

s
existing as an independent
entity
78.

avarice

noun

reprehensible acquisitiveness;
insatiable desire for wealth

extreme greed for wealth or


material gain
79.

aver

verb
to declare or affirm solemnly
and formally as true

he averred that he was
innocent of the allegations

80.

avocation

noun

a hobby or minor occupation.

evident without proof or


argument

bacchanalia
n

83.

an auxiliary activity
They are basically doctors, and
negotiators by avocation
81.

avuncular

adjective

being or relating to an uncle


kind and friendly towards a
younger or less experienced
person.
"he was avuncular, reassuring,
and trustworthy"

82.

adjective

used of riotously drunken


merrymaking
A wild party at a college
fraternity is an example of
something that is
bacchanalian.
84.

repeated too often;


overfamiliar through overuse
1.

Because the movies plot was


banal, we knew exactly how the film
would end.

2.

At nearly every meeting, he made


that same banal speech.

3.

I was bored to death because of


his banal conversation.

axiomatic

Adj: self-evident or unquestionable.

banal

It is axiomathic that he is an innocent

4.

Filled with repetitive tasks, Sallys


job can only be described as banal.

1.

The church is certainly not the


place for your bawdy remarks.

5.

Professor Hamms lectures are so


banal they cause me to fall asleep.

2.

With such bawdy language, it is


not surprising the novel is not being
carried in religious bookstores.

3.

I am not sure why Carol chose to


dress as a bawdy prostitute for a
childs costume party.

4.

During the bachelor party, Jims


intoxicated friends made several
bawdy predictions about his
honeymoon night.

5.

My children are not allowed to


listen to music with bawdy lyrics.

adjective
so lacking in originality as to be obvious
and boring.
"songs with banal, repeated words"

85.

banter

light teasing repartee


86.

bard

a lyric poet

87.

bawdy

,
( () )

humorously vulgar

88.

make blessedly happy


89.

adj: dealing with sexual matters in a


comical way; humorously indecent.

bedizen

decorate tastelessly

noun-humorously indecent talk or writing.

adjective
adjective: bawdy;
comparative adjective: bawdier;
superlative adjective: bawdiest

beatify

90.

behemoth

someone or something that is


abnormally large and powerful

91.

belie

be in contradiction with
92.

beneficent

doing or producing good


93.

bifurcate

split or divide into two


94.

bionics

application of biological
principles to the study and
design of engineering systems
(especially electronic systems)

blandishme
nt

95.

flattery intended to persuade


96.

blase

nonchalantly unconcerned
97.

bolster

support and strengthen


98.

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style


99.

boorish

ill-mannered and coarse in


behavior or appearance
100.

bovine

any of various wild or


domestic cattle
101.

brazen

unrestrained by convention or
propriety
102.

broach

bring up a topic for discussion


103.

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or


cattle
104.

burgeon

108.

obtain or seek to obtain by


wheedling
109.

burnish

polish and make shiny


106.

buttress

a support usually of stone or


brick

cacophono
us

107.

having an unpleasant sound

callous

having calluses

grow and flourish


105.

cadge

110.

calumny

a false accusation of an
offense
111.

canard

a deliberately misleading
fabrication
112.

canon

a collection of books accepted


as holy scripture
113.

cant

a slope in the turn of a road or


track

cantankero
us

114.

stubbornly obstructive and


unwilling to cooperate
115.

capricious

determined by chance or
impulse rather than by
necessity
116.

captious

tending to find and call


attention to faults
117.

cardinal

a variable color averaging a


vivid red
118.

carnal

of or relating to the body or


flesh
119.

carping

persistent petty and


unjustified criticism
120.

cartography

the making of maps and charts


121.

caste

a hereditary social class


among Hindus
122.

castigation

verbal punishment
123.

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the


earth's surface
124.

catalyst

substance that initiates or


accelerates a chemical
reaction
125.

categorical

relating to or included in a
class or classes
126.

caucus

meet to select a candidate or


promote a policy
127.

causal

involving an entity that


produces an effect
128.

caustic

capable of destroying or eating


away by chemical action
129.

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a
divine heaven

130.

centrifugal

tending to move away from a


center
131.

centripetal

tending to move toward a


center
132.

champion

someone who has won first


place in a competition
133.

chasten

censure severely
134.

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive


someone
135.

chivalry

the medieval principles


governing knightly conduct
136.

churlish

141.

residence that is a place of


religious seclusion

having a bad disposition; surly


137.

circuitous

deviating from a straight


course
138.

clairvoyant

someone who can perceive


things not present to the
senses
139.

clamor

utter or proclaim insistently


and noisily
140.

clique

an exclusive circle of people


with a common purpose

cloister

142.

coagulate

change from a liquid to a


thickened or solid state
143.

coalesce

fuse or cause to grow together


144.

coda

the closing section of a musical


composition
145.

codify

organize into a system, such as


a body of law
146.

cognizant

having or showing knowledge


or understanding or
realization
147.

collage

a paste-up of pieces to form


an artistic image

commensur
ate

148.

corresponding in size or
degree or extent

compendiu
m

149.

a publication containing a
variety of works
150.

complacent

contented to a fault with


oneself or one's actions

151.

complaisant

showing a cheerful willingness


to do favors for others
152.

complemen

t
something added to embellish
or make perfect
153.

compliant

disposed to act in accordance


with someone's wishes

compunctio
n

154.

a feeling of deep regret,


usually for some misdeed
155.

concave

curving inward

156.

conciliatory

making or willing to make


concessions
157.

concoct

make something by mixing


158.

concomitan

t
condone

excuse, overlook, or make


allowances for
160.

confound

be confusing or perplexing to
161.

162.

congenial

conjugal

relating to the relationship


between a wife and husband
163.

connoisseur

an expert able to appreciate a


field
164.

following or accompanying as
a consequence
159.

suitable to your needs

conscript

enroll into service


compulsorily
165.

consecrate

give entirely to a specific


person, activity, or cause
166.

contend

compete for something


167.

contentious

showing an inclination to
disagree
168.

contiguous

having a common boundary or


edge
169.

continence

voluntary control over urinary


and fecal discharge
170.

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or


sorrow for sins or offenses

contumacio
us

a difficult problem
173.

the act of meeting formally


174.

172.

conundrum

converge

be adjacent or come together


175.

convex

curving or bulging outward


176.

convivial

occupied with or fond of the


pleasures of good company

171.

willfully obstinate; stubbornly


disobedient

convention

177.

convoluted

rolled longitudinally upon itself


178.

copious

large in number or quantity

179.

coquette

talk or behave amorously,


without serious intentions
180.

cornucopia

a horn filled with fruit and


grain symbolizing prosperity
181.

cosmology

metaphysical study of the


origin and nature of the
universe
182.

covert

secret or hidden
183.

covetous

immoderately desirous of
acquiring something
184.

cozen

be dishonest with
185.

craven

lacking even the rudiments of


courage; abjectly fearful
186.

credence

the mental attitude that


something is believable
187.

credo

any system of principles or


beliefs
188.

daunt

cause to lose courage


189.

dearth

an insufficient quantity or
number
190.

debauchery

a wild gathering involving


drinking and promiscuity
191.

decorum

propriety in manners and


conduct
192.

de facto

existing in fact whether with


lawful authority or not
193.

defame

charge falsely or with


malicious intent
194.

default

an option that is selected


automatically
195.

defer

yield to another's wish or


opinion

196.

deference

courteous regard for people's


feelings
197.

defunct

no longer in force or use;


inactive
198.

delineate

represented accurately or
precisely
199.

demographi

c
a statistic characterizing
human populations
200.

demotic

of or for the common people

201.

demur

take exception to
202.

denigrate

charge falsely or with


malicious intent
203.

denizen

a plant or animal naturalized


in a region
204.

denouemen

t
the outcome of a complex
sequence of events
205.

deride

treat or speak of with


contempt

206.

derivative

a compound obtained from


another compound
207.

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless


208.

desuetude

a state of inactivity or disuse


209.

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan


or regularity or purpose
210.

deterrent

something immaterial that


interferes with action or
progress
211.

detraction

a petty disparagement

212.

deviant

a person whose behavior


deviates from what is
acceptable
213.

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light


214.

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack


215.

dichotomy

being twofold
216.

diffidence

lack of self-assurance
217.

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated


in one place

218.

digression

a turning aside
219.

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning


as a memorial to a dead
person
220.

disabuse

free somebody from an


erroneous belief
221.

discern

detect with the senses


222.

discerning

having or revealing keen


insight and good judgment
223.

discomfit

cause to lose one's composure

224.

discordant

not in agreement or harmony


225.

discredit

the state of being held in low


esteem
226.

discrepancy

a difference between
conflicting facts or claims or
opinions
227.

discrete

constituting a separate entity


or part
228.

discretion

power of making choices


unconstrained by external
agencies

229.

disingenuou

s
not straightforward or candid

disintereste
d

230.

unaffected by concern for


one's own welfare
231.

disjointed

taken apart at the points of


connection
232.

dismiss

stop associating with


233.

disparage

express a negative opinion of

234.

disparate

fundamentally different or
distinct in quality or kind
235.

dissemble

behave unnaturally or
affectedly
236.

disseminate

cause to become widely


known
237.

dissident

a person who dissents from


some established policy
238.

dissolution

separation into component


parts
239.

dissonance

disagreeable sounds
240.

distend

cause to expand as it by
internal pressure
241.

distill

undergo condensation
242.

distrait

having the attention diverted


especially because of anxiety
243.

diverge

move or draw apart


244.

divest

take away possessions from


someone
245.

divulge

make known to the public


information previously kept
secret
246.

doctrinaire

a stubborn person of arbitrary


or arrogant opinions
247.

document

a representation of a person's
thinking with symbolic marks
248.

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular


measure
249.

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs


accepted as authoritative
250.

dormant

inactive but capable of


becoming active

251.

dross

worthless or dangerous
material that should be
removed
252.

dupe

fool or hoax
253.

ebullient

joyously unrestrained
254.

eclectic

selecting what seems best of


various styles or ideas

effervescen
ce

255.

the process of bubbling as gas


escapes

256.

effete

marked by excessive selfindulgence and moral decay


257.

efficacy

capacity or power to produce


a desired effect
258.

effrontery

audacious behavior that you


have no right to
259.

egoism

concern for your own interests


and welfare
260.

egotistical

having an inflated idea of


one's own importance
261.

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for


the dead
262.

elicit

call forth, as an emotion,


feeling, or response
263.

elixir

a substance believed to cure


all ills
264.

elysian

relating to the abode of the


blessed after death
265.

emaciated

very thin especially from


disease or hunger or cold
266.

embellish

make more attractive, as by


adding ornament or color

267.

emollient

a substance with a soothing


effect when applied to the skin
268.

empirical

derived from experiment and


observation rather than theory
269.

emulate

strive to equal or match,


especially by imitating
270.

encomium

a formal expression of praise


271.

endemic

native to or confined to a
certain region
272.

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

273.

engender

make children
274.

enhance

increase
275.

entomology

the branch of zoology that


studies insects
276.

enunciate

express or state clearly


277.

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an
insect that lives only for a day

epistemolog
y

278.

the philosophical theory of


knowledge
279.

equable

not varying
280.

equanimity

steadiness of mind under


stress
281.

equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by


reason and conscience

equivocatio
n

straying from the right course


or from accepted standards
284.

having or showing profound


knowledge
285.

283.

errant

esoteric

understandable only by an
enlightened inner circle
286.

essay

an analytic or interpretive
literary composition

282.

intentionally vague or
ambiguous

erudite

287.

estimable

deserving of respect or high


regard
288.

ethnocentri

centered on a specific ethnic


group, usually one's own
289.

etiology

the cause of a disease


290.

etymology

294.

a feeling of great elation


295.

eugenics

the study of improving


qualities by selective breeding
292.

eulogy

a formal expression of praise


for someone who has died
293.

euphemism

an inoffensive expression
substituted for an offensive
one

euthanasia

the act of killing someone


painlessly

a history of a word
291.

euphoria

296.

evince

give expression to
297.

evocative

serving to bring to mind


298.

exacerbate

make worse
299.

exact

marked by strict and complete


accordance with fact

300.

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of


criminal charges
301.

execrable

unequivocally detestable
302.

exhort

spur on or encourage
especially by cheers and
shouts
303.

exigency

a pressing or urgent situation


304.

existential

relating to or dealing with the


state of being
305.

exorcise

expel through adjuration or


prayers
306.

expatiate

add details, as to an account


or idea
307.

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily


absent from home or country
308.

expiate

make amends for


309.

explicate

elaborate, as of theories and


hypotheses
310.

expository

serving to expound or set


forth

311.

extant

still in existence; not extinct or


destroyed or lost

extemporan
eous

312.

with little or no preparation or


forethought
313.

extirpate

destroy completely, as if down


to the roots
314.

extraneous

not belonging to that in which


it is contained

extrapolatio
n

315.

an inference about the future


based on known facts
316.

extrinsic

not forming an essential part


of a thing
317.

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone


318.

facilitate

make easier
319.

factotum

a servant employed to do a
variety of jobs
320.

fallacious

containing or based on
incorrect reasoning
321.

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded


during a growing season
322.

fatuous

devoid of intelligence
323.

fauna

all the animal life in a


particular region or period
324.

fawning

attempting to win favor by


flattery
325.

felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably
appropriate manner or style
326.

feral

feelings of great warmth and


intensity
328.

offensively malodorous
329.

fervor

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet


330.

fiat

a legally binding command or


decision
331.

fidelity

the quality of being faithful


332.

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation


by making long speeches

wild and menacing


327.

fetid

333.

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a


situation
334.

fissure

a long narrow depression in a


surface
335.

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of


distinctive design
336.

fledgling

young bird that has just


fledged or become capable of
flying
337.

flora

all the plant life in a particular


region or period
338.

florid

elaborately or excessively
ornamented

339.

flourish

grow vigorously
340.

flout

treat with contemptuous


disregard
341.

flux

a flow or discharge
342.

foment

try to stir up public opinion


343.

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or


claims or privileges
344.

forestall

keep from happening or


arising; make impossible

345.

formidable

extremely impressive in
strength or excellence
346.

forswear

formally reject or disavow a


formerly held belief
347.

founder

a person who establishes


some institution
348.

fracas

noisy quarrel
349.

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed


350.

fresco

a mural done with watercolors


on wet plaster

351.

frieze

an ornament consisting of a
horizontal sculptured band
352.

froward

habitually disposed to
disobedience and opposition
353.

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste


354.

fulminate

cause to explode violently and


with loud noise
355.

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively


suave or ingratiating
356.

fusion

the act of melding or melting


together
357.

futile

producing no result or effect


358.

gainsay

take exception to
359.

gambol

play boisterously
360.

garrulous

full of trivial conversation


361.

gauche

lacking social polish


362.

geniality

a disposition to be friendly and


approachable

363.

gerrymande

r
divide voting districts unfairly
and to one's advantage
364.

glib

artfully persuasive in speech


365.

goad

stab or urge on as if with a


pointed stick
366.

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an


extremely fine texture
367.

gouge

an impression in a surface, as
made by a blow

grandiloque
nt

368.

373.

an artful or simulated
semblance

lofty in style
369.

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and


enjoying the company of
others
370.

grouse

popular game bird having a


plump body and feathered
legs
371.

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated
by being skilled in deception
372.

guileless

free of deceit

guise

374.

gullible

naive and easily deceived or


tricked
375.

gustatory

of or relating to the sense of


taste
376.

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed


at the winter solstice
377.

hallowed

worthy of religious veneration


378.

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation


expressed with strong
emotion
379.

harrowing

a writing system using picture


symbols
385.

having or covered with hair

extremely painful
380.

herbivorous

feeding only on plants


381.

hermetic

completely sealed or airtight


382.

heterodox

characterized by departure
from accepted standards
383.

heuristic

a commonsense rule to help


solve some problem
384.

hieroglyph

hirsute

386.

histrionic

characteristic of acting or a
stage performance
387.

homeostasi

s
metabolic equilibrium
maintained by biological
mechanisms
388.

homily

a sermon on a moral or
religious topic

homogeneo
us

389.

all of the same or similar kind


or nature
390.

hyperbole

394.

an intricate and confusing


interpersonal situation
395.

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on
established beliefs
392.

idolatry

the worship of idols or images


that are not God
393.

igneous

produced by the action of fire


or intense heat

immutable

not subject or susceptible to


change or variation

extravagant exaggeration
391.

imbroglio

396.

impair

make worse or less effective


397.

impassive

having or revealing little


emotion or sensibility
398.

impecuniou

s
not having enough money to
pay for necessities

399.

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impermeabl
e

400.

preventing especially liquids to


pass or diffuse through

imperturba
ble

401.

marked by extreme calm and


composure
402.

impervious

not admitting of passage or


capable of being affected
403.

impinge

infringe upon

404.

implacable

incapable of being placated


405.

implausible

highly imaginative but unlikely


406.

implicit

implied though not directly


expressed
407.

implode

burst inward
408.

imprecation

the act of calling down a curse


that invokes evil
409.

impute

attribute or credit to

inadvertentl
y

410.

without knowledge or
intention
411.

incarnate

possessing or existing in bodily


form
412.

inchoate

only partly in existence;


imperfectly formed
413.

incongruity

the quality of disagreeing

inconseque
ntial

414.

lacking worth or importance

415.

incorporate

make into a whole or make


part of a whole
416.

incursion

the act of entering some


territory or domain

indetermina
te

417.

not fixed or known in advance


418.

indigence

a state of extreme poverty or


destitution
419.

indolent

disinclined to work or exertion


420.

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade


421.

inert

unable to move or resist


motion
422.

inertia

the tendency of something to


stay in rest or motion
423.

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or
worldliness
424.

inherent

existing as an essential
constituent or characteristic
425.

innocuous

not injurious to physical or


mental health

426.

insensible

barely able to be perceived


427.

insinuate

give to understand
428.

insipid

lacking interest or significance


or impact
429.

insouciant

marked by unconcern
430.

insularity

the state of being isolated or


detached
431.

insuperable

incapable of being
surmounted or excelled

432.

intangible

incapable of being perceived


by the senses especially touch
433.

interdict

command against
434.

internecine

within a group or organization


435.

interpolate

insert words into texts, often


falsifying it thereby

interregnu
m

436.

the time between two reigns


or governments
437.

intimate

marked by close acquaintance,


association, or familiarity
438.

intractable

difficult to manage or mold

intransigenc
e

439.

stubbornly refusing to
compromise

introspectiv
e

440.

given to examining own


sensory and perceptual
experiences
441.

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually


with water

442.

inured

made tough by habitual


exposure
443.

invective

abusive language used to


express blame or censure
444.

inveigh

complain bitterly
445.

inveigle

influence or urge by gentle


urging, caressing, or flattering
446.

inveterate

habitual
447.

invidious

containing or implying a slight


or showing prejudice

448.

irascible

quickly aroused to anger


449.

irresolute

uncertain how to act or


proceed
450.

itinerant

traveling from place to place


to work
451.

itinerary

an established line of travel or


access
452.

jaundiced

affected by yellowing of the


skin
453.

jibe

shift from one side of the ship


to the other
454.

jocose

characterized by jokes and


good humor
455.

juggernaut

a massive inexorable force


456.

junta

a group of officers who rule a


country after seizing power
457.

juxtapose

place side by side


458.

kudos

an expression of approval and


commendation
459.

labile

liable to change
460.

laconic

brief and to the point


461.

lambaste

censure severely or angrily


462.

lascivious

driven by lust
463.

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or


energy
464.

latent

potentially existing but not


presently evident or realized
465.

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

466.

lethargic

deficient in alertness or activity


467.

levee

an embankment built to
prevent a river from
overflowing
468.

levity

a manner lacking seriousness


469.

liberal

showing or characterized by
broad-mindedness
470.

libertine

unrestrained by convention or
morality
471.

libido

(psychoanalysis) a Freudian
term for sexual urge or desire
472.

lilliputian

very small
473.

limn

make a portrait of
474.

limpid

clear and bright


475.

linguistic

consisting of or related to
language
476.

litany

any long and tedious address


or recital
477.

literati

the literary intelligentsia


478.

litigation

a legal proceeding in a court


479.

log

a segment of the trunk of a


tree when stripped of
branches
480.

loquacious

full of trivial conversation


481.

lucid

transparently clear; easily


understandable
482.

lucre

informal terms for money


483.

luminous

softly bright or radiant


484.

lustrous

reflecting light

Machiavellia
n

485.

of or relating to amoral or
conniving political principles

machinatio
n

486.

a crafty and involved plot to


achieve your ends
487.

maelstrom

a powerful circular current of


water

magnanimit
y

488.

liberality in bestowing gifts


489.

malign

speak unfavorably about


490.

malinger

avoid responsibilities and


duties
491.

malleable

capable of being shaped or


bent or drawn out
492.

maverick

someone who exhibits


independence in thought and
action

megaloman
ia

493.

a psychological state
characterized by delusions of
grandeur
494.

menagerie

a collection of live animals for


study or display
495.

mendacious

given to lying
496.

mendicant

a pauper who lives by begging


497.

meretriciou

s
tastelessly showy

498.

mesmerize

attract strongly, as if with a


magnet

metamorph
osis

499.

striking change in appearance


or character or circumstances
500.

metaphysic

s
the philosophical study of
being and knowing