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# Course Title: Signals and Systems

## Course Code: ECE201

Credit Units: 4
Level: UG

P/
S

SW/F
W

TOTAL CREDIT
UNITS

Course Objectives:
The objective of the course is to provide knowledge of Signals and Systems to students. This course shall provide application of mathematical tools, (Laplace
transform, DFT, Z Transform) to Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems of Communication.
Prerequisites: Applied Maths-II

## Module I: Dynamic Representation of Systems

Signals: energy and power signals, signal properties: periodicity, absolute integrability, deterministic and stochastic signals. Basic signals : unit
step, unit impulse, sinusoid, complex exponential; continuous and discrete time signals, continuous and discrete amplitude signals.
Systems: system properties: linearity: additivity and homogeneity, time-invariance, causality, stability, invertability.

Weightage
(%)
20%

## Module II: Signals in Frequency Domain

25%
Continuous time and discrete time Linear time-invariant (LTI) systems : Impulse response and step response, convolution, input-output
behavior with aperiodic convergent inputs, cascade interconnections. Characterization of causality and stability of linear time-invariant systems.
Fourier analysis of continuous time signals: Fourier series, Fourier transform and properties, Parsevals theorem, Frequency response of LTI
systems.
Module III: Fourier analysis of Discrete Time Signals & sampling theorem
20%
Discrete-Time Fourier series, Discrete-Time Fourier Transform and properties. Frequency response of discrete time LTI systems.Sampling
Theorem. Spectra of sampled signals. Reconstruction. Aliasing and its effects.
Module IV: Laplace Transform
15%
Laplace Transform and its inverse: Definition, existence conditions, region of Convergence and properties, Application of Laplace transform
for the analysis of continuous time LTI system. Significance of poles & zeros.

Module V: Z-Transform
20%
Z-Transform and its inverse: Definition, existence, region of convergence and properties, zero-state component and a zero-input component,
application of Z-Transform for the analysis of discrete time LTI systems.

## Student Learning Outcomes:

Outcome 1: Be able to classify systems based on their properties: in particular, to understand and exploit the implications of linearity, time-invariance,
causality, memory, and bounded-input, bounded-out (BIBO) stability.
Outcome 2: Determine Fourier transforms for continuous-time and discrete-time signals (or impulse-response functions), and understand how to interpret and
plot Fourier transform magnitude and phase functions.
Outcome 3: Understand the need to define two new transformsthe Laplace and Z transformsto treat a class of signals broader than what the Fourier
transform can handle.
Outcome 4: Understand how to use the unilateral Laplace or Z transform to decompose the response of an LTI system into a zero-state component and a zeroinput component, and solve linear, constant-coefficient differential or difference equations, with possibly non-zero initial conditions.
Outcome 5: Understand the properties, as well the analysis and design implications, of interconnections of LTI systemsparallel, series (cascade)in the time
and transform domains.
Pedagogy for Course Delivery: lecturing, work-along exercise, chapter preview and review, in-class exercise, problem Q&A, and reporting, guided on-line
exercise through Blackboard, self-test multiple choice and short questions

## Assessment/ Examination Scheme:

Theory L/T (%)

Lab/Practical/Studio (%)

100%
Theory Assessment (L&T):

Total

NA

100%

Components (Drop
down)

Mid-Term Exam

Quiz

Home assignment

Attendance

Weightage (%)
10%

8%

7%

5%

70%

## Text & References:

1. V. Oppenheim, A. S. Willsky, S. H. Nawab, Signals and Systems, Prentice Hall, 1997.
2. B.P. Lathi, "Principles of Linear Systems and Signals", Oxford University Press, Second edition.
3. Douglas K. Lindner, "Introduction to Signals and Systems", Mc-Graw Hill International Edition: c1999.
4. Simon Haykin, Barry van Veen, "Signals and Systems", John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Private Limited, c1998.
5. Robert A. Gabel, Richard A. Roberts, "Signals and Linear Systems", John Wiley and Sons (SEA) Private Limited, c1995.
6. M. J. Roberts, "Signals and Systems - Analysis using Transform methods and MATLAB", Tata Mc Graw Hill Edition, 2003.
7. I. J. Nagrath, S. N. Sharan, R. Ranjan, S. Kumar, "Signals and Systems", Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2001.