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List Of Indian Standards On Pumps

IS No.

Description

IS:1520-1980 Horizontal pumps for clear, cold, fresh, water.


IS:1520-1977 Technical requirements for rotodynamic special purpose
pumps.
IS:6595-1993 Horizontal centrifugal pumps for clear, cold, fresh water for
agricultural purposes.
IS:8034-1989 Submersible pump sets for clear, cold, fresh water.
IS:8418-1977 Horizontal centrifugal self priming pumps.
IS:8472-1977 Regenerative self priming pumps for clear, cold, fresh
water.
IS:9079-1989 Mono set pumps for clear, cold, fresh water for agricultural
purposes.
IS:9137-1978 Code for acceptance tests for centrifugal mixed flow and
axial pumps.
IS:9301-1984 Deep well hand pumps.
IS:9542-1980 Horizontal centrifugal mono set pumps for clear, cold,
fresh water.
IS:9694-1980 Code of practice for the selection, installation, operation
(Pt I, II, III &
and maintenance of horizontal centrifugal pumps for
IV)
agricultural applications:Part I selection
IS:9694-1980 Part II Installation.
IS:9694-1980 Part III Installation.
IS:9694-1980 Part IV Maintenance.
IS:105721983

Methods of sampling pumps.

IS:108041986

Recommended pumping system for agricultural purposes.

IS:108051986

Foot-valve, reflux valve or non-return valve and bore valve


to be used in suction lines of agricultural pumps.

IS:109811983

Code of acceptance test for centrifugal mixed flow and


axial pumps.

IS:110041985 (Pt I &


II)

Code of practice for installation and maintenance of deep


well hand pumps : Part I-Installation.

IS:110041985

Part II-Maintenance.

IS:113461985

Testing set up for agricultural pumps.

IS:115011986

Engine mono set pumps for clear, cold, fresh, water for
agricultural pumps.

IS:122251987

Jet centrifugal pump combination.

History

A Brief History Of The Pump Industry


YEAR

DISCRIPTION

2000

Egyptions invent the shadoof

200 BC

Ctesibus invents the reciprocating pump ; Archimedean screw pump described by


Archimedes

1580

Sliding vane pump invented by Ramelli

1593

Service invents the gear pump

1650

Otto van Guericke invents his piston vacuum pump

1674

Sir Samuel Morland patents the packed pluger pump

1790

Plenty Ltd established - Thomas Simpson establishes his pump business in


London

1815

Hayward Tyler established

1830

Screw pump invented by Revillion

1834

Sulzer Brothers founded

1840

Henry R Worthington invents the first direct-acting stream pump

1848

Goulds Pumps foundes

1851

John Gwynne patents his centrifugal pump improvements

1853

Boremann Pumpen founded

1857

Roper Pump Company founded

1859

Jacob Edson invents the first reciprocating stream pump

1860

Allweiler founded - A.S. Cameron invents the first reciprocating stream pump

1862

Lawrence Pumps established - Philipp Hilge founded

1866

Lederle founded

1868

Sigma Lutin founded

1871

KSB established, Southern Cros established in Australia - George and James Weir
set up the partnership that will become the Weir Group

1875

Hodgkin and Neuhaus, forerunner of SPP founded

1877

Ritz Pumpenfabrik established

1881

Halberg MA schienbau founded

1883

Holden & Brooke founded

1884

A W Chesterton founded

1888

Kirloskar Brothers Ltd founded

1890

Salmson starts making pumps in Paris

1893

Uraca Pumpenfabric founded

1894

Sero Pumpenfabric founded

1896

KSB opens UK subsidiary

1897

Worthington Pump Company and Thomos Simpson amalgamate to from


Worthington Simpson Ltd.

1901

Flygts forerunner Stenberg founded

1905

Leistriz Company established

1906

Stuart Turner Ltd founded

Tips For Centrifugal Pumps

Pump Selection
Do not oversize pumps. This leads to uneconomical operation and
generally narrows the safe operation range of capacities.
Do not try to select pumps with excessively low required NPSH (Net
Positive Suction Head).
Do not falsify real available NPSH, trying to keep a margin up your
sleeve. This leads to selection of pumps with excessively high Suction
Specific Speeds and high minimum flows.
Do evaluate economical advantages of variable speed operation. It
is more efficient and results in longer pump life.
Don't overestimate value of pump efficiency if it's obtained at cost
of reliability.
Do not use a mechanical seal when packing is more than adequate
for the intended service.

Installation
Do provide sufficient submergence over intake piping to prevent
vortex formation.
Do not use suction elbows in a plane parallel to the shaft; place
them in the plane perpendicular to the shaft.
Do not use the pump casing as an anchor for the piping. If you use
expansion joints, supports and anchor them independently of the pump.
Do provide adequate flow, pressure and temperature
instrumentation for each pump.
Pump and driver alignment must be rechecked under normal
operating conditions.

Operation
Do not operate pumps below the recommended minimum flow.
Do not operate pumps with suction valve closed.
Do not run two pumps in parallel when a single pump can carry the
reduced system load.
Do not stop a pump while it is activating. Reestablish normal
operation first and then stop the pump if you have to.
A pump handle liquids. Keep air out.
Do not run a pump if excessive noise or vibration occurs.
Do run spare pumps occasionally to check their availability.

Maintenance
Run a performance test at reasonable intervals of time, to follow
effect of increased internal clearances.
Do not open pumps for inspection unless factual or circumstantial
evidence warrants it.
Do not over lubricate grease lubricated bearings.
Do not overcool outer races of ball bearings. Inner races continue
to expand and balls are squeezed out of shape.
Packing stuffing boxes is an art. Do not assign this to inexperienced
personnel.
Do not tighten stuffing box glands excessively. Let enough leakage
flow to cool and lubricate packing.
Do monitor the pressure drop across suction strainers. An

Useful Pump Data


Effect of Small Change of Pump Speed
1. The capacity varies directly as the speed.
2. The head varies as the square of the speed.
3. The break horsepower varies as cube of the speed.
Effect of Small Change of Impeller Diameter
1. The capacity varies directly as the diameter.
2. The head varies as the square of the diameter.
3. The break horse power varies as the cube of the diameter.
Effect of Specific Gravity
Break horse power varies directly with specific gravity. If the liquid has a
specific gravity other than water (1.0) multiply the break HP for water by
the specific gravity of liquid to be handled.
A centrifugal pump will always develop the same head in feet no matter
what the specific gravity of the liquid pumped. However, the pressure (In
pounds per square inch) will be increased or decreased in direct proportion
to the specific gravity.
Effect of Viscosity
Viscous liquid tend to reduce capacity pump capacity, head and efficiency
and to increase pump break hourse power and increase pipe line friction.
Consult manufacturers for recommendation when pumping viscous liquids.
Effect of Altitude
Suction lift data are based on values at sea level. Therefore, above sea
level the total suction lift must be reduced.
Effect of Hot Liquids
Hot liquid vaporize at higher absolute pressures than cold liquids, therefore
the suction lift must be reduced when handling hot liquids with a high vapor
pressure or a high temperatures the liquid must flow to the pump suction
under pressure.

Selection of pumping Unit


In order to select appropriate pump the following data is essential.
1. Capacity required in term of L.P.H. or G.P.H.
2. Discharge head, i.e. highest level up to which water is to be supplied +
friction loss, if any.
3. Suction lift, i.e. lowest water level from which water is to be drawn.
If the source of supply is a well, following information should be
available:
1. Diameter in case of tube well)
2. Standing water level.
3. Lowest water level while pumping and in summer. It is also desirable to
ascertain the yield of the well to ensure that pump capacity matches with

the yield.
Some useful data on selection of Pump
In cites, every individual person consumes app. 150 to 200 lit per-day. In
village, it may be assumed to be 40 to 60 lit per persons per day.
Other data of consumption of water.
Animal

Consumption

Horse

50 liters per day

Milk Cow

140 liters per day

Sheep

10 liters per day

Poultry (Per 100)

20 liters per day

Height of an average story can be assumed to be 10' to 12'.


To find the capacity (in gallons) of an overhead tank. Multiply the
length by the width by depth in feet. This will give the volume in cubic feet.
Multiply this volume by 7.5 to get capacity in U.S. gallons.
Formulas and Conversions Factors

Pipe velocity (ft. per second) =

Velocity head (feet)

Water horsepower

Break horsepower (Pump)

Efficiency (pump) =