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List Of Indian Standards On Pumps

IS No.


IS:1520-1980 Horizontal pumps for clear, cold, fresh, water.

IS:1520-1977 Technical requirements for rotodynamic special purpose
IS:6595-1993 Horizontal centrifugal pumps for clear, cold, fresh water for
agricultural purposes.
IS:8034-1989 Submersible pump sets for clear, cold, fresh water.
IS:8418-1977 Horizontal centrifugal self priming pumps.
IS:8472-1977 Regenerative self priming pumps for clear, cold, fresh
IS:9079-1989 Mono set pumps for clear, cold, fresh water for agricultural
IS:9137-1978 Code for acceptance tests for centrifugal mixed flow and
axial pumps.
IS:9301-1984 Deep well hand pumps.
IS:9542-1980 Horizontal centrifugal mono set pumps for clear, cold,
fresh water.
IS:9694-1980 Code of practice for the selection, installation, operation
(Pt I, II, III &
and maintenance of horizontal centrifugal pumps for
agricultural applications:Part I selection
IS:9694-1980 Part II Installation.
IS:9694-1980 Part III Installation.
IS:9694-1980 Part IV Maintenance.

Methods of sampling pumps.


Recommended pumping system for agricultural purposes.


Foot-valve, reflux valve or non-return valve and bore valve

to be used in suction lines of agricultural pumps.


Code of acceptance test for centrifugal mixed flow and

axial pumps.

IS:110041985 (Pt I &


Code of practice for installation and maintenance of deep

well hand pumps : Part I-Installation.


Part II-Maintenance.


Testing set up for agricultural pumps.


Engine mono set pumps for clear, cold, fresh, water for
agricultural pumps.


Jet centrifugal pump combination.


A Brief History Of The Pump Industry




Egyptions invent the shadoof

200 BC

Ctesibus invents the reciprocating pump ; Archimedean screw pump described by



Sliding vane pump invented by Ramelli


Service invents the gear pump


Otto van Guericke invents his piston vacuum pump


Sir Samuel Morland patents the packed pluger pump


Plenty Ltd established - Thomas Simpson establishes his pump business in



Hayward Tyler established


Screw pump invented by Revillion


Sulzer Brothers founded


Henry R Worthington invents the first direct-acting stream pump


Goulds Pumps foundes


John Gwynne patents his centrifugal pump improvements


Boremann Pumpen founded


Roper Pump Company founded


Jacob Edson invents the first reciprocating stream pump


Allweiler founded - A.S. Cameron invents the first reciprocating stream pump


Lawrence Pumps established - Philipp Hilge founded


Lederle founded


Sigma Lutin founded


KSB established, Southern Cros established in Australia - George and James Weir
set up the partnership that will become the Weir Group


Hodgkin and Neuhaus, forerunner of SPP founded


Ritz Pumpenfabrik established


Halberg MA schienbau founded


Holden & Brooke founded


A W Chesterton founded


Kirloskar Brothers Ltd founded


Salmson starts making pumps in Paris


Uraca Pumpenfabric founded


Sero Pumpenfabric founded


KSB opens UK subsidiary


Worthington Pump Company and Thomos Simpson amalgamate to from

Worthington Simpson Ltd.


Flygts forerunner Stenberg founded


Leistriz Company established


Stuart Turner Ltd founded

Tips For Centrifugal Pumps

Pump Selection
Do not oversize pumps. This leads to uneconomical operation and
generally narrows the safe operation range of capacities.
Do not try to select pumps with excessively low required NPSH (Net
Positive Suction Head).
Do not falsify real available NPSH, trying to keep a margin up your
sleeve. This leads to selection of pumps with excessively high Suction
Specific Speeds and high minimum flows.
Do evaluate economical advantages of variable speed operation. It
is more efficient and results in longer pump life.
Don't overestimate value of pump efficiency if it's obtained at cost
of reliability.
Do not use a mechanical seal when packing is more than adequate
for the intended service.

Do provide sufficient submergence over intake piping to prevent
vortex formation.
Do not use suction elbows in a plane parallel to the shaft; place
them in the plane perpendicular to the shaft.
Do not use the pump casing as an anchor for the piping. If you use
expansion joints, supports and anchor them independently of the pump.
Do provide adequate flow, pressure and temperature
instrumentation for each pump.
Pump and driver alignment must be rechecked under normal
operating conditions.

Do not operate pumps below the recommended minimum flow.
Do not operate pumps with suction valve closed.
Do not run two pumps in parallel when a single pump can carry the
reduced system load.
Do not stop a pump while it is activating. Reestablish normal
operation first and then stop the pump if you have to.
A pump handle liquids. Keep air out.
Do not run a pump if excessive noise or vibration occurs.
Do run spare pumps occasionally to check their availability.

Run a performance test at reasonable intervals of time, to follow
effect of increased internal clearances.
Do not open pumps for inspection unless factual or circumstantial
evidence warrants it.
Do not over lubricate grease lubricated bearings.
Do not overcool outer races of ball bearings. Inner races continue
to expand and balls are squeezed out of shape.
Packing stuffing boxes is an art. Do not assign this to inexperienced
Do not tighten stuffing box glands excessively. Let enough leakage
flow to cool and lubricate packing.
Do monitor the pressure drop across suction strainers. An

Useful Pump Data

Effect of Small Change of Pump Speed
1. The capacity varies directly as the speed.
2. The head varies as the square of the speed.
3. The break horsepower varies as cube of the speed.
Effect of Small Change of Impeller Diameter
1. The capacity varies directly as the diameter.
2. The head varies as the square of the diameter.
3. The break horse power varies as the cube of the diameter.
Effect of Specific Gravity
Break horse power varies directly with specific gravity. If the liquid has a
specific gravity other than water (1.0) multiply the break HP for water by
the specific gravity of liquid to be handled.
A centrifugal pump will always develop the same head in feet no matter
what the specific gravity of the liquid pumped. However, the pressure (In
pounds per square inch) will be increased or decreased in direct proportion
to the specific gravity.
Effect of Viscosity
Viscous liquid tend to reduce capacity pump capacity, head and efficiency
and to increase pump break hourse power and increase pipe line friction.
Consult manufacturers for recommendation when pumping viscous liquids.
Effect of Altitude
Suction lift data are based on values at sea level. Therefore, above sea
level the total suction lift must be reduced.
Effect of Hot Liquids
Hot liquid vaporize at higher absolute pressures than cold liquids, therefore
the suction lift must be reduced when handling hot liquids with a high vapor
pressure or a high temperatures the liquid must flow to the pump suction
under pressure.

Selection of pumping Unit

In order to select appropriate pump the following data is essential.
1. Capacity required in term of L.P.H. or G.P.H.
2. Discharge head, i.e. highest level up to which water is to be supplied +
friction loss, if any.
3. Suction lift, i.e. lowest water level from which water is to be drawn.
If the source of supply is a well, following information should be
1. Diameter in case of tube well)
2. Standing water level.
3. Lowest water level while pumping and in summer. It is also desirable to
ascertain the yield of the well to ensure that pump capacity matches with

the yield.
Some useful data on selection of Pump
In cites, every individual person consumes app. 150 to 200 lit per-day. In
village, it may be assumed to be 40 to 60 lit per persons per day.
Other data of consumption of water.



50 liters per day

Milk Cow

140 liters per day


10 liters per day

Poultry (Per 100)

20 liters per day

Height of an average story can be assumed to be 10' to 12'.

To find the capacity (in gallons) of an overhead tank. Multiply the
length by the width by depth in feet. This will give the volume in cubic feet.
Multiply this volume by 7.5 to get capacity in U.S. gallons.
Formulas and Conversions Factors

Pipe velocity (ft. per second) =

Velocity head (feet)

Water horsepower

Break horsepower (Pump)

Efficiency (pump) =