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MUX-2MD

Interface Unit
Instruction Manual

NR Electric Co., Ltd.

Preface

Preface
Introduction
This guide and the relevant operating or service manual documentation for the equipment provide
full information on safe handling, commissioning and testing of this equipment.
Documentation for equipment ordered from NR Electric Co., Ltd. is dispatched separately from
manufactured goods and may not be received at the same time. Therefore this guide is provided
to ensure that printed information normally present on equipment is fully understood by the
recipient.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of
this manual and read relevant chapters carefully.
This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the equipment. Before
installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Health and Safety


The information in this chapter of the equipment documentation is intended to ensure that
equipment is properly installed and handled in order to maintain it in a safe condition.
When electrical equipment is in operation, dangerous voltages will be present in certain parts of
the equipment. Failure to observe warning notices, incorrect use, or improper use may endanger
personnel and equipment and cause personal injury or physical damage.
Before working in the terminal strip area, the equipment must be isolated.
Proper and safe operation of the equipment depends on appropriate shipping and handling,
proper storage, installation and commissioning, and on careful operation, maintenance and
servicing. For this reason only qualified personnel may work on or operate the equipment.
Qualified personnel are individuals who:
z

Are familiar with the installation, commissioning, and operation of the equipment and of the
system to which it is being connected;

Are able to safely perform switching operations in accordance with accepted safety
engineering practices and are authorized to energize and de-energize equipment and to
isolate, ground, and label it;

Are trained in the care and use of safety apparatus in accordance with safety engineering
practices;

Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).

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Preface

Instructions and Warnings


The following indicators and standard definitions are used:
DANGER

means that death, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage will
occur if safety precautions are disregarded.

WARNING

means that death, severe personal, or considerable equipment damage could occur
if safety precautions are disregarded.

CAUTION

means that light personal injury or equipment damage may occur if safety
precautions are disregarded. This particularly applies to damage to the device and to
resulting damage of the protected equipment.

WARNING!
The firmware may be upgraded to add new features or enhance/modify existing features, please
make sure that the version of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand.
WARNING!
During operation of electrical equipment, certain parts of these devices are under high voltage.
Severe personal injury or significant equipment damage could result from improper behavior.
Only qualified personnel should work on this equipment or in the vicinity of this equipment. These
personnel must be familiar with all warnings and service procedures described in this manual, as
well as safety regulations.
In particular, the general facility and safety regulations for work with high-voltage equipment must
be observed. Noncompliance may result in death, injury, or significant equipment damage.
DANGER!
Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be
opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will produce a dangerously high
voltage.
WARNING!
z

Exposed terminals
Do not touch the exposed terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high
voltage generated is dangerous

Residual voltage
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the power supply. It
takes a few seconds for the voltage to discharge.

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Preface

CAUTION!
z

Earthing
The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed

Operating environment
The equipment must only be used within the range of ambient environment detailed in the
specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.

Ratings
Before applying AC voltage and current or the power supply to the equipment, check that they
conform to the equipment ratings.

Printed circuit board


Do not attach and remove printed circuit boards when the power supply to the equipment is
on, as this may cause the equipment to malfunction.

External circuit
When connecting the output contacts of the equipment to an external circuit, carefully check
the supply voltage used in order to prevent the connected circuit from overheating.

Connection cable
Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.

Copyright
Version: 1.00

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD.


69 Suyuan Avenue. Jiangning, Nanjing 211102, China

P/N: EN_TXJK5004.0086.0001

Tel: +86-25-87178185,

Fax: +86-25-87178208

Website: www.nrelect.com, www.nari-relays.com


Copyright NR 2011. All rights reserved

Email: nr_techsupport@nari-relays.com

We reserve all rights to this document and to the information contained herein. Improper use in particular reproduction and dissemination
to third parties is strictly forbidden except where expressly authorized.
The information in this manual is carefully checked periodically, and necessary corrections will be included in future editions. If
nevertheless any errors are detected, suggestions for correction or improvement are greatly appreciated.
We reserve the rights to make technical improvements without notice.

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Preface

IV

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Preface .....................................................................................................I
Table of Contents .................................................................................. V
1 Introduction .........................................................................................1
1.1 Application .......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Features............................................................................................................... 1

2 Technical Data .....................................................................................3


2.1 General Specification ......................................................................................... 3
2.1.1 Electrical Specifications .........................................................................................................3
2.1.2 Optical Fiber Interfaces..........................................................................................................3
2.1.3 2048kb/s Electrical Interface..................................................................................................3
2.1.4 Mechanical Specifications......................................................................................................3
2.1.5 Ambient Temperature and Humidity.......................................................................................4
2.1.6 Type Test ...............................................................................................................................4

2.2 Certification......................................................................................................... 5

3 Operation Theory ................................................................................7


3.1 Signal Conversion Theory ................................................................................. 7
3.2 Code Format Conversion................................................................................... 7

4 Hardware ..............................................................................................9
4.1 Overview.............................................................................................................. 9
4.2 LED Indicators .................................................................................................. 10
4.3 Channel Interfaces ........................................................................................... 10
4.4 Wiring Terminals................................................................................................11

5 Installation .........................................................................................13
V

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5.1 General .............................................................................................................. 13


5.2 Safety Instructions ........................................................................................... 13
5.3 Checking the Shipment.................................................................................... 13
5.4 Material and Tools Required ............................................................................ 14
5.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions ...................................................... 14
5.6 Mechanical Installation .................................................................................... 14
5.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring .................................................................... 15
5.7.1 Grounding Guidelines ..........................................................................................................15
5.7.2 Cubicle Grounding ...............................................................................................................15
5.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device.......................................................................................16
5.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation .................................................................................17
5.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring ...........................................................................................................17
5.7.6 Wiring for Optical Fiber Cables............................................................................................18

6 Commissioning .................................................................................19
6.1 General .............................................................................................................. 19
6.2 Safety Instructions ........................................................................................... 19
6.3 Product Checks ................................................................................................ 20
6.3.1 With the Device De-energized .............................................................................................20
6.3.2 With the Device Energized ..................................................................................................21
6.3.3 Final Checks........................................................................................................................21

7 Maintenance.......................................................................................23
7.1 Maintenance Schedule ..................................................................................... 23
7.2 Regular Testing................................................................................................. 23
7.3 Failure Tracing and Repair............................................................................... 23
7.4 Cleaning ............................................................................................................ 23

8 Decommissioning and Disposal ......................................................25


8.1 Decommissioning............................................................................................. 25
8.1.1 Switching off ........................................................................................................................25
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8.1.2 Disconnecting cables...........................................................................................................25


8.1.3 Dismantling..........................................................................................................................25

8.2 Disposal............................................................................................................. 25

9 Manual Version History.....................................................................27

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Table of Contents

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction
1.1 Application
The MUX-2MD interface unit is used as a communication interface device between the
RCS-900/PCS-900 series line differential relay (e.g. PCS-931), the RCS-900/PCS-900 series
permissive pilot protection relay (e.g. PCS-902), the RCS-900/PCS-900 series power system
stability control relay (e.g. PCS-992), or the FOX-41 series interface unit (e.g. FOX-41B) and the
digital communication multiplexer via 2048kbit/s interface (refer to ITU-G.703), such as a
synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) device and so on.

Figure 1.1-1 Typical application of this device

As shown in above figure, this device is usually mounted in dispatch cubicle. It is connected with
protection relay via single mode optical fiber, and it is connected to a 2048kbit/s interface of SDH
multiplexer by a dedicated coaxial cable with 75ohm characteristic impedance.

1.2 Features
This device is an IEC standard 1U high and 19 wide rack with modular structure. It uses an
integral plug board which can either be fitted on front or rear panel on a case-by-case basis. It has
features of compact design, high security, flexibility, convenience and low power dissipation. As a
result, moisture proof is improved, ensuring a long life even in extreme mechanical and ambient
conditions.

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1 Introduction

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2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data
2.1 General Specification
2.1.1 Electrical Specifications
Power Supply
Standard

IEC60255-11: 2008

Rated voltage

-48Vdc

Variation

-32Vdc ~ -63Vdc

Permissible ripple voltage

Max 15% of the rated voltage (DC power supply)

Burden

Approx. 10W

2.1.2 Optical Fiber Interfaces


Connector type

FC/PC

Transmission medium

9/125m single mode fiber cable

Wavelength

1310nm

Transmission power

-10.0dBm ~ -16dBm

Reception sensitivity

-35.0dBm

Transmission distance

< 10km

2.1.3 2048kb/s Electrical Interface


Connector Type

BNC

Transmission medium

Coaxial cable with 75ohm characteristic impedance

Communication speed

2048kbit/s 50ppm

Transmission distance

< 50m

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.1.4 Mechanical Specifications


Enclosure dimensions

482.6044.40273.00 (WHD, unit: mm)

Trepanning dimensions

450.0044.50, M5 screw (WH, unit: mm)

Mounting way

Flush mounted

Weight per device

Approx. 2.0kg

Local HMI panel

10 LED indicators

Panel language

Optional: English, Chinese

Housing material

Aluminum

Housing color

Silver grey

Location of terminals

Rear panel of the device


Front side: IP40, up to IP51

Protection class

IEC60225-1: 2009

Rear side, connection terminals: IP20


Other Sides: IP30

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2 Technical Data

2.1.5 Ambient Temperature and Humidity


Standard

IEC60225-1: 2009

Operating temperature range

-40C ~ +70C

Transport and storage temperature range

-40C ~ +70C

Permissible humidity

5% ~ 95%, condensation not permissible

Altitude

< 3000m

2.1.6 Type Test


2.1.6.1 Environmental Tests
Dry cold test

IEC60068-2-1: 2007, 16h at -25C

Dry heat test

IEC60068-2-2: 2007, 16h at +55C

Damp heat test

IEC60068-2-78: 2001, 10 days, 93%RH, +55C

Cyclic temperature with

IEC60068-2-30: 2005, six (12+12hours) cycles, 95%RH,

humidity test

low temperature +25C, high temperature +55C

2.1.6.2 Mechanical Tests


Vibration test

IEC60255-21-1:1988, Class I

Shock test

IEC60255-21-2:1988, Class I

Bump test

IEC60255-21-2:1988, Class I

Seismic test

IEC60255-21-3:1988, Class I

2.1.6.3 Electrical Tests


Dielectric test
Impulse voltage test

IEC60255-27: 2005, test voltage: 2kV, 50Hz, 1min


IEC60255-5: 2000, test voltage: 5kV, unipolar impulses, waveform 1.2/50s,
source energy 0.5J

Overvoltage category

IEC60255-5: 2000, Class III

Insulation measurement

IEC60255-5: 2000, insulation resistance >100M @ 500Vdc

Pollution degree

IEC60225-1: 2009, Class II

2.1.6.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility


1MHz burst disturbance tests

IEC60255-22-1: 2007, Class III

- Common mode

2.5kV

- Differential mode

1.0kV

Electrostatic discharge tests

IEC60255-22-2: 2008, Class IV

- For contact discharge

8.0kV

- For air discharge

15.0kV

Radio frequency interference tests

IEC60255-22-3: 2007, Class III

- Frequency sweep
- Radiated amplitude-modulated

10V/m(RMS), f=801000MHz

- Spot frequency
- Radiated amplitude-modulated
- Radiated pulse-modulated

10Vm(RMS), f=80/160/450/900MHz
10Vm(RMS), f=900MHz

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2 Technical Data
Fast transient disturbance tests

IEC60255-22-4: 2008, Class IV

- Power supply, I/O & Earth terminals

4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns

- Communication terminals

2kV, 5.0kHz, 5/50ns

Surge immunity tests


- Power supply, AC inputs, I/O terminals

IEC60255-22-5: 2008, Class IV


1.2/50us,
4kV, line-to-ground
2kV, line-to-line

Conducted RF electromagnetic disturbance


- Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. terminals
Power frequency field immunity

IEC60255-22-6: 2001, Class III


10V(RMS), 150kHz~80MHz
IEC60255-22-7: 2003, Class A
10s
300V, line-to-ground
150V, line-to-line

Conducted emission limits

IEC60255-25: 2000, Class A

Radiated emission limits

IEC60255-25: 2000, Class A

Auxiliary power supply performance

IEC60255-11: 2008

- Voltage dips

Up to 500ms for dips to 40% of rated voltage


without reset

- Voltage short interruptions


Power frequency magnetic field immunity

100ms for interruption without rebooting


IEC61000-4-8: 2001, Class V
100A/m for 1min
1000A/m for 3s

Pulse magnetic field immunity

IEC61000-4-9: 2001, Class V


6.4/16us, 1000A/m for 3s

Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity

IEC61000-4-10: 2001, Class V


100kHz & 1MHz 100A/m

Ring wave immunity


- Power supply, I/O terminals

IEC61000-4-12: 2006, Class III


1MHz
2kV, line-to-ground
1kV, line-to-line

2.2 Certification
z

ISO9001: 2008

ISO14001: 2004

OHSAS18001: 2007

ISO10012: 2003

CMMI L4

EMC: 2004/108/EC, EN50263: 1999

Products safety (PS): 2006/95/EC, EN61010-1: 2001

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2 Technical Data

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3 Operation Theory

3 Operation Theory
3.1 Signal Conversion Theory
The MUX-2MD interface unit can not work as an independent device. This device can cooperate
with a RCS-900/PCS-900 series line differential relay, a RCS-900/PCS-900 series permissive pilot
protection relay, a RCS-900/PCS-900 series power system stability control relay or a FOX-41
series interface unit.
This device is consisted of an optoelectronic conversion module, a code format conversion
module, a code polarity conversion module, an optical interface and an electrical interface.
The operation theory demonstration of the MUX-2MD is shown in Figure 3.1-1.
Optoelectronic
Conversion
O RX

Code Format
Conversion

O/E

E TX

E/O
O TX

Code Polarity
Conversion

E RX

Figure 3.1-1 Operation theory demonstration of this device

The optoelectronic conversion module is used to realize the conversion of optical signals and
electrical signals. It is connected with the optical interface which is used as interface for
connecting with a protection relay. The code format conversion module is used to convert the code
format of optical signals from the protection relay as the code format which is complied with the
ITU-G.703 of the 2048kbit/s interface. And the code polarity can be inversed through the code
polarity conversion module. The 2048kbit/s electrical interface can connect with the interface of
SDH multiplexer by a dedicated coaxial cable with 75ohm characteristic impedance.

3.2 Code Format Conversion


Before outputting optical signals to the protection relay, the digital representation of receiving
signals (from SDH multiplexer) goes to the decoder for HDB3 decoding so as to comply with the
signal data format and rate of protection relay.
The encoder is used to accept digital data been processed by optoelectronic converter (from the
protection relay) and encode it into a format of HDB3 encoding rules such that it can:
z

Be efficiently transmitted over coaxial cable at the E1 data rate;

Be reliably received by SDH multiplexer of the E1 data link via 2048kbit/s interface;

Comply with the ITU-T G.703 pulse template requirements, for E1 applications.

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3 Operation Theory

The HDB3 (high density bipolar order 3) is a bipolar signaling technique (i.e. relies on the
transmission of both positive and negative pulses). It is based on alternate mark inversion (AMI),
but extends this by inserting violation codes whenever there is a run of zeros (4 or more zeros).
As illustrated in following table, a V represents a violation of the HDB3 code, and a B
represents a bipolar pulse of correct polarity. HDB3 substitutes bipolar code for 4 consecutive
zeros according to the following rule:
z

If the polarity of the immediate preceding pulse is (-) and there have been an odd (even)
number of logic 1 pulses since the last substitution, each group of 4 consecutive zeros is
coded as 000- (+00+);

If the polarity of the immediate preceding pulsed is (+) then the substitution is 000+ (-00-) for
odd (even) number of logic 1 pulse since the last substitution.
Transmitted data

HDB3 Encoded Pattern

Alternate Mark Inversion (AMI)

0000

000V (three zeros and a violation)

0000 0000

B00V B00V

Example of HDB3 encoding:


The pattern of bits

HDB3 (-):

HDB3 (+):

An illustration of the ITU-T G.703 pulse template requirements is presented as below.


269 ns
(244 + 25)

V = 100%

194 ns
(244 - 50)

Nominal pulse

50%

244 ns

219 ns
(244 - 25)
0%

488 ns
(244 + 244)

T1818840-02

NOTE: V corresponds to the nominal peak value.

Figure 3.2-1 Illustration of the ITU-T G.703 pulse template for E1 application

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4 Hardware

4 Hardware
4.1 Overview
The following figure shows the front panel and the rear panel of this device.

Figure 4.1-1 Front panel and rear panel of this device


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4 Hardware

4.2 LED Indicators


The LED indicators on the front panel and rear panel of this device are shown as below.

PWR

HEALTHY

O PORT ALM

E PORT ALM

CONFIG A

CONFIG B

PWR

HEALTHY

Rear Panel

O PORT ALM

E PORT ALM

Front Panel

Figure 4.2-1 LED indicators of this device

The indications of these LED indicators are listed as below.


LED Indicator

LED Color

Indication Description

PWR

Green

HEALTHY

Green

O PORT ALM

Red

E PORT ALM

Red

CONFIG A

Green

It is used to indicate the operation mode of this device.

CONFIG B

Green

It is used to indicate the operation mode of this device.

Whether the power supply is in normal operation status; if the power


supply is abnormal, the LED PWR will be off.
Whether this device is in normal operation status; if this device is
abnormal, the LED HEALRHY will be off.
Whether the optical reception channel is abnormal; if the optical
reception channel is abnormal, the LED O PORT ALM will be on.
Whether the electrical reception channel is abnormal; if the electrical
reception channel is abnormal, the LED E PORT ALM will be on.

The LED CONFIG A and LED CONFIG B are used to indicate the operation mode of this
device. If this device is in normal operation situation, the LED CONFIG A and LED CONFIG B
are off.

4.3 Channel Interfaces


The channel interfaces on the rear panel of this device are shown as below.

Figure 4.3-1 Channel interfaces of this device

The optical channel supports the FC/PC type connector, and the electrical channel supports the
BNC type port.
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4 Hardware
Channel
Optical
Electrical

Sign

Description

O RX

The reception interface of the optical channel.

O TX

The transmission interface of the optical channel.

E RX

The reception interface of the electrical channel.

E TX

The transmission interface of the electrical channel.

4.4 Wiring Terminals


Other wiring terminals of this device on the rear panel of this device are shown as below.

-48V 0V

Figure 4.4-1 Wiring terminals of this device

The wiring terminal definition is listed as below.


Sign
-48V
0V

Description
The -48V input of the power supply.
The 0V input of the power supply.
The grounded terminal.

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4 Hardware

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5 Installation

5 Installation
5.1 General
This device must be shipped, stored and installed with the greatest care.
Choose the place of installation such that the communication interface and the HMI on the front of
the device are easily accessible.
Air must circulate freely around this device. Observe all the requirements regarding place of
installation and ambient conditions given in this instruction manual.
Take care that the external wiring is properly brought into this device and terminated correctly and
pay special attention to grounding. Strictly observe the corresponding guidelines contained in this
section.

5.2 Safety Instructions


This section contains safety information. Warning signs are presented which attend the user to be
careful during certain operations in order to avoid human injuries or damage to equipment.
DANGER! Strictly follow the company and country safety regulations. Working in a high
voltage environment requires serious approach to avoid human injuries and damage to
equipment.
DANGER! Never connect or disconnect a wire or a connector to or from a device during
normal operation. Hazardous voltages and currents are present that may be lethal.
Operation may be disrupted and device and measuring circuitry may be damaged.
DANGER! Always connect the device to ground, regardless of the operating conditions.
This also applies to special occasions such as bench testing, demonstrations and off-site
configuration. Operating the device without proper grounding may damage both terminal
and measuring circuitry, and may cause injuries in case of an accident.

5.3 Checking the Shipment


Check that the consignment is complete immediately upon receipt. Notify the nearest NR
Company or agent, should departures from the delivery note, the shipping papers or the order be
found.
Visually inspect all the material when unpacking it. When there is evidence of transport damage,
lodge a claim immediately in writing with the last carrier and notify the nearest NR Company or
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5 Installation

agent.
If this device is not going to be installed immediately, store all the parts in their original packing in a
clean dry place at a moderate temperature. The humidity at a maximum temperature and the
permissible storage temperature range in dry air are listed in Section 2.1.5.

5.4 Material and Tools Required


The necessary mounting kits will be provided, including screws, pincers and assembly
instructions.
A suitable drill and spanners are required to secure the cubicles to the floor using the plugs
provided (if this device is mounted in cubicles).

5.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions


The place of installation should permit easy access especially to front of the device, i.e. to the
human machine interface of this device.
There should also be free access at the rear of this device for additions and replacement of
electronic boards.
Since every piece of technical equipment can be damaged or destroyed by inadmissible ambient
conditions, such as:
1.

The location should not be exposed to excessive air pollution (dust, aggressive substances).

2.

Severe vibration, extreme changes of temperature, high levels of humidity, surge voltages of
high amplitude and short rise time and strong induced magnetic fields should be avoided as
far as possible.

3.

Air must not be allowed to circulate freely around this device.

This device can in principle be mounted in any attitude, but it is normally mounted vertically
(visibility of markings).
WARNING! Excessively high temperature can appreciably reduce the operating life of
this device.

5.6 Mechanical Installation


This device is made of a single layer 1U height 19" chassis. The following figure shows the
dimensions of this device for reference in mounting.

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5 Installation

Figure 5.6-1 Dimensions of this device and the cut-out in the cubicle (unit: mm)

NOTE! It is necessary to leave enough space top and bottom of the cut-out in the cubicle
for heat emission of this device.
In the case of equipment supplied in cubicles, place the cubicles on the foundations that have
been prepared. Take care while doing so not to jam or otherwise damage any of the cables that
have already been installed. Secure the cubicles to the foundations.

5.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring


5.7.1 Grounding Guidelines
Switching operations in HV installations generate transient over voltages on control signal cables.
There is also a background of electromagnetic RF fields in electrical installations that can induce
spurious currents in the devices themselves or the leads connected to them.
All these influences can influence the operation of electronic apparatus.
On the other hand, electronic apparatus can transmit interference that can disrupt the operation of
other apparatus.
In order to minimize these influences as far as possible, certain standards have to be observed
with respect to grounding, wiring and screening.
NOTE! All these precautions can only be effective if the station ground is of good quality.

5.7.2 Cubicle Grounding


The cubicle must be designed and fitted out such that the impedance for RF interference of the
ground path from the electronic device to the cubicle ground terminal is as low as possible.
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5 Installation

Metal accessories such as side plates, blanking plates etc., must be effectively connected
surface-to-surface to the grounded frame to ensure a low-impedance path to ground for RF
interference. The contact surfaces must not only conduct well, they must also be non-corroding.
NOTE! If the above conditions are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of the cubicle or parts
of it forming a resonant circuit at certain frequencies that would amplify the transmission
of interference by the devices installed and also reduce their immunity to induced
interference.
Movable parts of the cubicle such as doors (front and back) or hinged equipment frames must be
effectively grounded to the frame by three braided copper strips (see Figure 5.7-1).
The metal parts of the cubicle housing and the ground rail are interconnected electrically
conducting and corrosion proof. The contact surfaces shall be as large as possible.
NOTE! For metallic connections please observe the voltage difference of both materials
according to the electrochemical code.
The cubicle ground rail must be effectively connected to the station ground rail by a grounding strip
(braided copper).

Figure 5.7-1 Cubicle grounding system

5.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device


There is a ground terminal on the rear panel (see Figure 5.7-2), and the ground braided copper
strip can be connected with it. Take care that the grounding strip is always as short as possible.
The main thing is that the device is only grounded at one point. Grounding loops from unit to unit
are not allowed.
There are some ground terminals on some connectors of this device. All the ground terminals are
connected in the cabinet of this device. So, the ground terminal on the rear panel (see Figure 5.7-2)
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5 Installation

is the only ground terminal of this device.

Figure 5.7-2 Ground terminal of this device

5.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation


High frequency currents are produced by interference in the ground connections and because of
skin effect at these frequencies, only the surface region of the grounding strips is of consequence.
The grounding strips must therefore be of (preferably tinned) braided copper and not round copper
conductors, as the cross-section of round copper would have to be too large.
Proper terminations must be fitted to both ends (press/pinch fit and tinned) with a hole for bolting
them firmly to the items to be connected.
The surfaces to which the grounding strips are bolted must be electrically conducting and
non-corroding.
The following figure shows the ground strip and termination.

Figure 5.7-3 Ground strip and termination

5.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring


There are several types of cables that are used in the connection of this device: braided copper
cable, serial communication cable etc. Recommendation of the cables:
z

Grounding: braided copper cable, 2.5mm2 ~ 6.0mm2

Power supply, binary inputs & outputs: brained copper cable, 1.5mm2 ~ 2.5mm2

Serial communication: coaxial cable with 75ohm characteristic impedance

Optical fiber: FC/PC

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5 Installation

5.7.6 Wiring for Optical Fiber Cables


Laying optical fiber cables
Pay attention when laying optical fiber cables not to bend or twist them when unrolling them or to
damage the protective caps etc., on the ends. Should in spite of taking all precautions, a cable be
damaged, it must be repaired immediately. Strictly observe the minimum permissible bending
radius.
WARNING! The bending radius influences the attenuation of an optical fiber cable.
Since depending on its mechanical constructions, the characteristics of an optical fiber cable are
influenced to a greater or lesser extent by the ambient temperature, the temperature must be
taken into consideration when determining the route. The temperature conditions for laying or
rewinding an optical fiber cable are only fulfilled, if the cable was not exposed to a temperature
outside the permissible range during the preceding 12 hours.
WARNING! It is recommended that optical fiber cables be laid in plastic cable ducts.

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6 Commissioning

6 Commissioning
6.1 General
This device is fully numerical in their design, implementing all functions in software. This device
employs a high degree of self-checking and in the unlikely event of a failure, will give an alarm.
To commission this device, it is only necessary to verify that the hardware is functioning correctly
and the application-specific software settings have been applied to this device.
Before carrying out any work on this device, the user should be familiar with the contents of the
safety and technical data sections and the ratings on this devices rating label.

6.2 Safety Instructions


WARNING! Hazardous voltages are present in this electrical equipment during operation.
Non-observance of the safety rules can result in severe personal injury or property
damage.
WARNING! Only the qualified personnel shall work on and around this equipment after
becoming thoroughly familiar with all warnings and safety notices of this manual as well
as with the applicable safety regulations.
Particular attention must be drawn to the following:
z

The earthing screw of the device must be connected solidly to the protective earth conductor
before any other electrical connection is made.

Hazardous voltages can be present on all circuits and components connected to the supply
voltage or to the measuring and test quantities.

Hazardous voltages can be present in the device even after disconnection of the supply
voltage (storage capacitors!)

The limit values stated in the technical data (Chapter 2) must not be exceeded at all, not even
during testing and commissioning.
WARNING! Primary test may only be carried out by qualified personnel, who are familiar
with the commissioning of this device, the operation of the plant and safety rules and
regulations (switching, earthing, etc.).

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6 Commissioning

6.3 Product Checks


These product checks cover all aspects of this device which should be checked to ensure that it
has not been physically damaged prior to commissioning, is functioning correctly and all input
quantity measurements are within the stated tolerances.

6.3.1 With the Device De-energized


6.3.1.1 Visual Inspection
After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the device case. If there is any damage, the
internal module might also have been affected, contact the vendor. The following listed items are
necessary.
z

Device panel
Carefully examine the device panel, equipment inside and other parts inside to see that no
physical damage has occurred since installation.
The rated information of this device should be checked to ensure it is correct for the particular
installation.

Label
Check all the isolator binary inputs, terminal blocks, indicators, switches and push buttons to
make sure that their labels meet the requirements of this project.

6.3.1.2 Insulation Test (if required)


Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them to be
done and they have not been performed during installation.
Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the isolation with an electronic or brushless insulation
tester at a DC voltage not exceeding 500V, The circuits need to be tested should include:
z

DC power supply

Communication interfaces

The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M at 500V.


Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this device, and do the Insulation resistance test for each
circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to this device.
6.3.1.3 External Wiring
Check that the external wiring is correct to the scheme diagram. Ensure as far as practical that
phase rotation appears to be as expected.
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6 Commissioning

Check the wiring against the schematic diagram for the installation to ensure compliance with the
customers normal practice.
6.3.1.4 Power Supply
This device only can be operated under the power supply depending on the nominal power supply
rating. The incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in Section 2.1.1, before
energizing this device, measure the auxiliary supply to ensure it within the operating range.
Other requirements to the power supply are specified in Section 2.1.1. See this section for further
details about the parameters of the power supply.

6.3.2 With the Device Energized


The following groups of checks verify that this device is functioning correctly and should be carried
out with the power supply applied to this device.
6.3.2.1 Light Emitting Diodes
On power up, the LED HEALTHY should be on for indicating that this device is healthy, and the
LED PWR should be on if the corresponding power supply is in service.
Test other LED indicators with the code conversion and communication function.
6.3.2.2 Testing the Interface Conversion Function
This test is for checking the interface conversion function of this device.
The following figure shows the demonstration testing system for checking this function.

Figure 6.3-1 Demonstration testing system

If the two MUX-2MD devices are in normal operation situation, the protection relays can
communicate each other.
NOTE! In the check process, to ensure the optical communication channels between this
device and the protection device are reliably connected.

6.3.3 Final Checks


After the above tests are completed, remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been
necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from this device in order to perform the wiring
verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in accordance with the
relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
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6 Commissioning

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7 Maintenance

7 Maintenance
7.1 Maintenance Schedule
It is recommended that products supplied by NR receive periodic monitoring after installation. In
view of the critical nature of this device and their infrequent operation, it is desirable to confirm that
they are operating correctly at regular intervals.

7.2 Regular Testing


Check whether the LED indicators on the front panel of this device indicate the correct state of this
device, when this device is in normal operation.

7.3 Failure Tracing and Repair


When a failure is detected by supervision, the ALARM and HEALTHY LED indicators will show
the abnormal operation information.
When a failure is detected during regular testing, confirm the following:
z

Whether the equipment connected to this device operates normally.

Whether the optical fiber is connected correctly and tightly.

Whether the power supply voltage is in the range.

7.4 Cleaning
Before cleaning this device ensure that all power supplies are isolated to prevent any chance of an
electric shock whilst cleaning. Use a smooth cloth to clean the front panel. Do not use abrasive
material or detergent chemicals.

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7 Maintenance

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8 Decommissioning and Disposal

8 Decommissioning and Disposal


8.1 Decommissioning
8.1.1 Switching off
To switch off this device, switch off the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply.

8.1.2 Disconnecting cables


Disconnect the cables in accordance with the rules and recommendations made by relational
department.
DANGER! Before disconnecting the power supply cables that connected with the power
supply module of this device, make sure that the external miniature circuit breaker of the
power supply is switched off.

8.1.3 Dismantling
The rack of this device may now be removed from the system cubicle, after which the cubicles
may also be removed.
DANGER! When the station is in operation, make sure that there is an adequate safety
distance to live parts, especially as dismantling is often performed by unskilled personnel.

8.2 Disposal
In every country there are companies specialized in the proper disposal of electronic waste.
NOTE! Strictly observe all local and national regulations when disposing of the device.

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8 Decommissioning and Disposal

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9 Manual Version History

9 Manual Version History


In the current version of the instruction manual, several descriptions on existing features have
been modified.
Manual version and modification history records
Manual Version

Software

Source

New

Version

Beta

1.00

1.00

Date
2012-08-24

Description of change
Form the original manual.

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9 Manual Version History

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