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1 Introduction

1 Introduction
Table of Contents
1.1 Application....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Function ........................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Features ........................................................................................................... 1-3

List of Figures
Figure 1.1-1 Functional diagram of PCS-924............................................................................ 1-1

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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1 Introduction

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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1 Introduction

1.1 Application
PCS-924 is a fully numerical stub differential relay which is mainly designed for protecting T zone
of one and a half breakers arrangement. It is developed based on UAPC (Unified Advanced
Platform for Protection and Control) platform.
The protection function of PCS-924 comprises of current differential protection, phase overcurrent
protection and feeder line end fault protection.
Busbar No.1

*
ICB1

PCS-924
87S

50FLE

50P

52

Line

ILine
52

ICB2

Line

52

Busbar No.2

Figure 1.1-1 Functional diagram of PCS-924

1.2 Function
1.

Protection Functions

Current differential protection (87S)

Phase overcurrent protection (50P)

Feeder line end fault protection (50FLE)

2.

Logic

User programmable logic

3.

Additional function

CT circuit supervision (CTS)

Self diagnostic

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1 Introduction

DC power supply supervision

Current drift auto regulation

Event Recorder including 1024 disturbance records, 1024 binary events, 1024 supervision
events and 1024 device logs.

Disturbance recorder including 64 disturbance records with waveforms (The file format of
disturbance recorder is compatible with international COMTRADE file.)

Clock synchronization
PPS (RS-485)
IRIG-B (RS-485)
PPM (DIN)
SNTP (PTP)
IEEE1588
SNTP (BC)
PPS (DIN)

4.

Monitoring

Number of circuit breaker operation (single-phase tripping, three-phase tripping and


reclosing)

Frequency

5.

Communication

2 RS-485 communication rear ports conform to IEC 60870-5-103 protocol or DNP3.0 protocol

1 RS-485 communication rear ports for clock synchronization

Up to 4 Ethernet ports (depend on the chosen type of plug-in MON module), IEC 61850, or
IEC 60870-5-103 over TCP/IP

Up to 2 Ethernet ports via optic fiber (ST interface or SC interface, depend on the chosen type
of plug-in MON module)

GOOSE communication function (optional plug-in module)

6.

User Interface

Friendly HMI interface with LCD and 9-button keypad on the front panel.

1 front multiplex RJ45 port for testing and setting

1 RS-232 or RS-485 rear ports for printer

Language switchover English + selected language

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1 Introduction

Auxiliary software - PCSPC

1.3 Features

The intelligent device integrated with protection, control and monitor provides powerful
protection function, flexible protection configuration, user programmable logic and
configurable binary input and binary output, which can meet with various application
requirements.

High-performance hardware platform and modularized design, MCU (management control


unit) + DSP (digital signal processor). MCU manages general fault detector element and DSP
manages protection and metering. Their data acquisition system is completely independent in
electronic circuit. DC power supply of output relay is controlled by the operation of fault
detector element operates, this prevents maloperation due to error from ADC or damage of
any apparatus.

Multiple setting groups with password protection

Powerful PC tool software can fulfill protection function configuration, modify setting and
waveform analysis.

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2 Technical Data

2 Technical Data
Table of Contents
2.1 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................. 2-1
2.1.1 AC Current Input .................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1.2 AC Voltage Input .................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1.3 Power Supply ....................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.4 Binary Input .......................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.5 Binary Output ....................................................................................................................... 2-2

2.2 Mechanical Specifications.............................................................................. 2-2


2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range .................................................. 2-2
2.4 Communication Port ....................................................................................... 2-3
2.4.1 EIA-485 Port ........................................................................................................................ 2-3
2.4.2 Ethernet Port ........................................................................................................................ 2-3
2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port ................................................................................................................. 2-3
2.4.4 Print Port .............................................................................................................................. 2-4
2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port ................................................................................................. 2-4

2.5 Type Tests ........................................................................................................ 2-4


2.5.1 Environmental Tests............................................................................................................. 2-4
2.5.2 Mechanical Tests ................................................................................................................. 2-4
2.5.3 Electrical Tests ..................................................................................................................... 2-4
2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility ............................................................................................. 2-4

2.6 Certifications ................................................................................................... 2-5


2.7 Protective Functions ....................................................................................... 2-6
2.7.1 Current Differential Protection ............................................................................................. 2-6
2.7.2 Phase Overcurrent Protection ............................................................................................. 2-6
2.7.3 Feeder Line End Fault Protection ........................................................................................ 2-6

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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2 Technical Data

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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2 Technical Data

2.1 Electrical Specifications


2.1.1 AC Current Input
Standard

IEC 60255-27:2005

Phase rotation

ABC

Nominal frequency (fn)

505Hz, 605Hz

Rated Current (In)

1A

Linear to

0.05In~40In

5A

Thermal withstand
-continuously

4In

-for 10s

30In

-for 1s

100In

-for half a cycle

250In

Burden

< 0.15VA/phase @In

Accuracy

0.5%In

< 0.25VA/phase @In

2.1.2 AC Voltage Input


Standard

IEC 60255-6, IEC60288

Phase rotation

ABC

Nominal frequency (fn)

505Hz, 605Hz

Rated Voltage (Un)

100V~130V

Linear to

1V~170V

Thermal withstand
- continuously

200V

-10s

260V

-1s

300V

Burden at rated

< 0.25VA/phase @Un

Accuracy

0.5%Un

2.1.3 Power Supply


Standard

IEC 60255-11:2008

Rated Voltage

110Vdc/125Vdc, 220Vdc/250Vdc

Operating Range

80%~120% of rated voltage

Permissible AC ripple voltage

15% of the nominal auxiliary voltage

Burden
Quiescent condition

<30W

Operating condition

<35W

2.1.4 Binary Input


Rated Voltage

24V, 48V, 110V, 125V, 220V, 250V

Pickup voltage

55%~70% of rated voltage

Dropoff voltage

<55% of rated voltage

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2 Technical Data
Maximum permissible voltage
Withstand voltage
-continously
Response time for logic input

120% of rated voltage


2000Vac, 2800Vdc
<1ms

2.1.5 Binary Output


Contact Type

Trip output

Output mode

Potential free contact

Signal output

5A@380Vac

8A@380Vac

5A@250Vdc

8A@250Vdc

Pickup time

<8ms (typical 3ms)

<10ms

Dropoff time

<5ms

<8ms

0.65A@48Vdc

1.20A@48Vdc

0.30A@110Vdc

0.50A@110Vdc

0.15A@220Vdc

0.25A@220Vdc

Electrical Life

10000 times

10000 times

Burden

300mW

240mW

Making capacity

2000VA

3040VA

Continuous carry

Breaking capacity (L/R=40ms)

Maximal system voltage


Test voltage across open contact
Short duration current

380Vac
250Vdc
1000V RMS for 1min

1200V RMS for 1min

6A@3s

10A@3S

15A@0.5s

20A@0.5S

2.2 Mechanical Specifications


Mounting Way

Flush mounted

Housing color

Silver grey

Weight per device

Approx. 15kg

Housing material

Aluminum

Location of terminal

Rear panel of the device

Protection class
Standard

IEC 60225-1:2009

Front side

IP40, up to IP51 (Flush mounted)

Other sides

IP30

Rear side, connection terminals

IP20

2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range


Standard

IEC 60225-1:2009

Operating temperature

-40C to +70C (Readability of display may be impaired below -20


C)

Transport and storage temperature


range

-40C to +70C

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2 Technical Data
Permissible humidity

5%-95%, without condensation

Pollution degree

Altitude

<3000m

2.4 Communication Port


2.4.1 EIA-485 Port
Baud rate

4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s

Protocol

IEC 60870-5-103:1997

Maximal capacity

32

Transmission distance

<500m

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

Twisted pair

Screened twisted pair cable

2.4.2 Ethernet Port


Connector type

RJ-45

Transmission rate

100Mbits/s

Transmission standard

100Base-TX

Transmission distance

<100m

Protocol

IEC 60870-5-103:1997 or IEC 61850

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port


2.4.3.1 For Station Level
Characteristic

Glass optical fiber

Connector type

ST, SC

Fibre type

Multi mode

Transmission distance

<2km

Wave length

1310nm

Transmission power

Min. -20.0dBm

Minimum receiving power

Min. -30.0dBm

Margin

Min +3.0dB

2.4.3.2 For Process Level


Characteristic

Glass optical fiber

Connector type

LC

Fibre type

Multi mode

Transmission distance

<2km

Wave length

1310nm

Transmission power

Min. -20.0dBm

Minimum receiving power

Min. -30.0dBm

Margin

Min +3.0dB

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2 Technical Data

2.4.3.3 For Synchronization Port


Characteristic

Glass optical fiber

Connector type

ST

Fibre type

Multi mode

Wave length

820nm

Minimum receiving power

Min. -25.0dBm

Margin

Min +3.0dB

2.4.4 Print Port


Type

RS-232

Baud Rate

4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s

Printer type

EPSON 300K printer

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port


Type

RS-485

Transmission distance

<500m

Maximal capacity

32

Timing standard

PPS, IRIG-B

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.5 Type Tests


2.5.1 Environmental Tests
Dry cold test

IEC60068-2-1:2007

Dry heat test

IEC60068-2-2:2007

Damp heat test, cyclic

IEC60068-2-30:2005

2.5.2 Mechanical Tests


Vibration

IEC 60255-21-1:1988 Class I

Shock and bump

IEC 60255-21-2:1988 Class I

2.5.3 Electrical Tests


Standard

IEC 60255-27:2005

Dielectric tests

Test voltage 2kV, 50Hz, 1min

Standard

IEC 60255-5:2000

Impulse voltage tests


Overvoltage category

Test voltage 5kV


III

Insulation resistance
measurements

Isolation resistance >100M@500VDC

2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility


1MHz burst disturbance test

IEC 60255-22-1:2007
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2 Technical Data
Common mode: class III 2.5kV
Differential mode: class III 1.0kV
IEC60255-22-2:2008 class IV
Electrostatic discharge test

For contact discharge: 8kV


For air discharge: 15kV
IEC 60255-22-3:2007 class III
Frequency sweep
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80~1000MHz

Radio frequency interference tests

Spot frequency
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80MHz/160MHz/450MHz/900MHz
Radiated pulse-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=900MHz
IEC 60255-22-4:2008

Fast transient disturbance tests

Power supply, I/O, Earth: class IV, 4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns


Communication terminals: class IV, 2kV, 5kHz, 5/50ns
IEC 60255-22-5:2008

Surge immunity test

Power supply, AC input, I/O port: class IV, 1.2/50us


Common mode: 4kV
Differential mode: 2kV

Conducted

RF

Electromagnetic

Disturbance

IEC 60255-22-6:2001
Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. Terminal: Class III, 10Vrms, 150
kHz~80MHz

Power Frequency Magnetic Field

IEC 61000-4-8:2001

Immunity

class V, 100A/m for 1min, 1000A/m for 3s

Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity

IEC 61000-4-9:2001
class V, 6.4/16s, 1000A/m for 3s

Damped oscillatory magnetic field

IEC 61000-4-10:2001

immunity

class V, 100kHz & 1MHz100A/m

Auxiliary power supply performance

IEC60255-11: 2008

- Voltage dips

Up to 500ms for dips to 40% of rated voltage without reset

-Voltage short interruptions

100ms for interruption without rebooting

2.6 Certifications

ISO9001:2008

ISO14001:2004

OHSAS18001:2007

ISO10012:2003

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2 Technical Data

CMMI L5

EMC: 2004/108/EC, EN50263:1999

Products safety(PS): 2006/95/EC, EN61010-1:2001

2.7 Protective Functions


Note!
The meanings of symbols mentioned in the following sections are given here.
In -- rated secondary current of CT
Un -- rated secondary phase-to-ground voltage of VT
Unn -- rated secondary phase-to-ground voltage of VT

2.7.1 Current Differential Protection


Setting range

0.100In~1.000In

Accuracy

2.5% of setting or 0.02In whichever is greater

2.7.2 Phase Overcurrent Protection


Setting range

0.100In~20.000In

Accuracy

2.5% of setting or 0.01Un, whichever is greater

Time delay

0.01~10.00s

Accuracy

1% of Setting+30ms (at 1.2 times voltage setting)

2.7.3 Feeder Line End Fault Protection


Setting range

0.100In~20.000In

Accuracy

2.5% of setting or 0.01Un, whichever is greater

Time delay

0.01~10.00s

Accuracy

1% of Setting+30ms (at 1.2 times voltage setting)

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3 Operation Theory

3 Operation Theory
Table of Contents
3.1 Fault Detector (FD) .......................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 Application............................................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.2 Fault Detector in Fault Detector DSP .................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.3 Protection Fault Detector in Protection Calculation DSP .................................................... 3-2
3.1.4 Function Block Diagram ...................................................................................................... 3-3
3.1.5 I/O Signal ............................................................................................................................. 3-3

3.2 Current Differential Protection ....................................................................... 3-4


3.2.1 Function Description ............................................................................................................ 3-4
3.2.2 Protection Principle .............................................................................................................. 3-4
3.2.3 Function Block Diagram ...................................................................................................... 3-6
3.2.4 I/O Signal ............................................................................................................................. 3-6
3.2.5 Logic .................................................................................................................................... 3-7
3.2.6 Settings ................................................................................................................................ 3-9

3.3 Feeder Line End Fault Protection .................................................................. 3-9


3.3.1 Application............................................................................................................................ 3-9
3.3.2 Protection Principle .............................................................................................................. 3-9
3.3.3 Function Block Diagram .................................................................................................... 3-10
3.3.4 I/O Signal ........................................................................................................................... 3-10
3.3.5 Logic .................................................................................................................................. 3-10
3.3.6 Settings ...............................................................................................................................3-11

3.4 Phase overcurrent protection ....................................................................... 3-11


3.4.1 Protection Principle .............................................................................................................3-11
3.4.2 Function Block Diagram .................................................................................................... 3-12
3.4.3 I/O Signal ........................................................................................................................... 3-12
3.4.4 Logic .................................................................................................................................. 3-12

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3 Operation Theory

3.4.5 Settings .............................................................................................................................. 3-13

3.5 Trip Logic ....................................................................................................... 3-13


3.5.1 Application.......................................................................................................................... 3-13
3.5.2 Function Description .......................................................................................................... 3-13
3.5.3 Logic .................................................................................................................................. 3-14
3.5.4 I/O Signal ........................................................................................................................... 3-14
3.5.5 Settings .............................................................................................................................. 3-15

List of Figures
Figure 3.1-1 Flow chart of protection program ........................................................................ 3-3
Figure 3.2-1 3-terminal application ............................................................................................ 3-4
Figure 3.2-2 Logic of 3-terminal current differential protection ............................................. 3-7
Figure 3.2-3 Logic of 2-terminal current differential protection ............................................. 3-8
Figure 3.3-1 Logic of feeder line end fault protection ........................................................... 3-11
Figure 3.4-1 Logic of phase overcurrent protection .............................................................. 3-13
Figure 3.5-1 Simplified tripping logic ...................................................................................... 3-14

List of Tables
Table 3.1-1 Input signal ............................................................................................................... 3-3
Table 3.1-2 Output signal ............................................................................................................ 3-3
Table 3.2-1 Input signals ............................................................................................................. 3-6
Table 3.2-2 Output signals .......................................................................................................... 3-6
Table 3.2-3 Current differential protection settings ................................................................. 3-9
Table 3.3-1 Input signals ........................................................................................................... 3-10
Table 3.3-2 Output signals ........................................................................................................ 3-10
Table 3.3-3 Feeder line end fault protection settings ............................................................ 3-11
Table 3.4-1 Input signals ........................................................................................................... 3-12
Table 3.4-2 Output signals ........................................................................................................ 3-12
Table 3.4-3 Current differential protection settings ............................................................... 3-13
Table 3.5-1 Input signal ............................................................................................................. 3-14
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3 Operation Theory

Table 3.5-2 Output signal .......................................................................................................... 3-14


Table 3.5-3 Setting description ................................................................................................ 3-15

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3 Operation Theory

3.1 Fault Detector (FD)


3.1.1 Application
The device has plug-in DSP modules with fault detector DSP and protection DSP for fault detector
and protection calculation respectively. Protection DSP with protection fault detector element is
responsible for calculation of protection elements, and fault detector DSP is responsible to
determine fault appearance on the protected power system. Fault detector in fault detector DSP
picks up to provide positive supply to output relays. The output relays can only operate when both
the fault detector in fault detector DSP and a protection element operate simultaneously.
Otherwise, the output relays would not operate. An alarm message will be issued with blocking
outputs if a protection element operates while the fault detector does not operate.
3.1.2 Fault Detector in Fault Detector DSP
Main part of FD is differential current fault detector element and two breakers sum current fault
detector element. They are continuously calculating the analog input signals.
The FD pickup condition in this relay includes:
1.

Pickup condition 1: differential current is greater than the setting value

2.

Pickup condition 2: two breakers sum current is greater than the setting value

If any of the above conditions is complied, the FD will operate to activate the output circuit
providing with DC power supply to the output relays.
3.1.2.1 Fault Detector Based on Differential Current (pickup condition 1)
The criterion is:
I3Dmax > [87S.I_Biased]

Equation 3.1-1

Where:
= A, B or C
I3Dmax = Max( I CB1_ I CB2_ I Line_ ), the maximum value of phase differential current of phase
A, phase B and phase C, please refer to Figure 3.2-1 about I CB1 , I CB2 and I Line .
[87S.I_Biased]: current setting of current differential protection.
If operating condition is met, differential current element will pickup and trigger FD to provide DC
power supply for output relays, the FD operation signal will maintain 7s after differential current
element drops off.
3.1.2.2 Fault Detector Based on Two Breakers Sum Current (pickup condition 2)
The criterion:

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3 Operation Theory

Max( I CB1_ I CB2_ ) > [50P.I_Set]

Equation 3.1-2

Where:
= A, B or C

I , I : secondary current of two circuit breakers.


CB1
CB2
[50P.I_Set]: current setting of phase overcurrent protection
If above condition is met and phase overcurrent protection is enabled, two breakers sum current
element will pickup and trigger FD to provide DC power supply for output relays, the FD operation
signal will maintain 7s after two breakers sum current element drops off.
3.1.3 Protection Fault Detector in Protection Calculation DSP
The protection device is running either of the two programs: one is Regular program for normal
state, and the other is Fault calculation program after protection fault detector picks up.
Under the normal state, the protection device will perform the following tasks:
1.

Calculate analog quantity

2.

Read binary input

3.

Hardware self-check

4.

Disconnector position supervision

5.

Analog quantity input supervision

Once the protection fault detector element in protection calculation DSP picks up, the protection
device will switch to fault calculation program, for example the calculation of phase overcurrent
protection, and to determine logic. If the fault is within the protected zone, the protection device will
send tripping command.
The protection program flow chart is shown as Figure 3.1-1.

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3 Operation Theory

Main program

Sampling program

No

Yes

Pickup?

Regular program

Fault calculation program

Figure 3.1-1 Flow chart of protection program

The protection FD pickup conditions are the same as the FD in fault detector DSP as shown below.
The operation criteria for the conditions are also the same as that in fault detector DSP. Please
refer to section 3.1.2 for details.
1.

Pickup condition 1: differential current is greater than the setting value

2.

Pickup condition 2: two breakers sum current is greater than the setting value

When any pickup condition mentioned above is met, the protection device will go to fault
calculation state.
3.1.4 Function Block Diagram
FD
I3P1
I3P2
I3P3

Pkp
Diff.Pkp
OC.Pkp

3.1.5 I/O Signal


Table 3.1-1 Input signal
No.

Input Signal

Description

I3P1

Three-phase current input of CT1

I3P2

Three-phase current input of CT2

I3P3

Three-phase current input of CT3

Configurable

Table 3.1-2 Output signal

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3 Operation Theory
No.

Output Signal

Description

Configurable

FD.Pkp

The device picks up

FD.Diff.Pkp

Differential current fault detector element operates.

FD.OC.Pkp

Two breakers sum current fault detector element operates.

3.2 Current Differential Protection


3.2.1 Function Description
Generally, differential current is composed of 3-terminal current (current of two breakers and
current of the feeder line, shown as Figure 3.2-1), only when normally closed auxiliary contact of
feeder line disconnector is energized (feeder line disconnector is open), differential current is
composed of 2-terminal current (currents of two breakers).
3.2.2 Protection Principle
3.2.2.1 3-terminal Current Differential Protection
Three groups of current are inputted to the device (3 current circuits per group), as shown in
Figure 3.2-1. I CB1_ and I CB2_ are secondary phase currents of two circuit breakers, I Line_
are secondary phase currents of the line ( = A, B or C).

*
CT1

ICB1

0213~0218

Line

PCS-924

0207~0212

ILine

ICB2

CT2

52

Line

CT group 3

CB2

52

CT group 2

CT3

0201~0206

CT group 1

CB1

52

CB3

Figure 3.2-1 3-terminal application

When current differential protection is enabled, 3-terminal current differential protection is valid if
normally closed auxiliary contact of feeder line disconnector is open (feeder line disconnector is
closed).
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3 Operation Theory

The criterion:
I3D > [87S.I_Biased]

Equation 3.2-1

I3D > [87S.Slope]I3R

Equation 3.2-2

Where:
I3D: 3-terminal differential current (I3D = I CB1_ I CB2_ I Line_ )
I3R: 3-terminal restraint current (I3R = I CB1_ I CB2_ I Line_ )
[87S.I_Biased]: current setting of current differential protection
[87S.Slope]: percentage restraint coefficient of current differential protection
When I3D>1.3In, tripping output will operate once current differential protection operates (In:
secondary rated current of CT).
When I3D<1.3In, tripping output will operate with a time delay of 20ms since current differential
protection operates.
Both local circuit breakers (CB1 and CB2) are tripped and transfer tripping is initiated after
3-terminal current differential protection operates.
3.2.2.2 2-terminal Current Differential Protection
When current differential protection is enabled, 2-terminal current differential protection is valid if
normally closed auxiliary contact of feeder line disconnector is closed (feeder line disconnector is
open).
The criterion:
I2D > [87S.I_Biased]

Equation 3.2-3

I2D > [87S.Slope]I2R

Equation 3.2-4

Where:
I2D: 2-terminal differential current (I2D = I CB1_ I CB2_ ).
I2R: 2-terminal restraint current (I2R = I CB1_ I CB2_ ).
[87S.I_Biased]: current setting of current differential protection.
[87S.Slope]: percentage restraint coefficient of current differential protection.
When I2D>1.3In, tripping output will operate once current differential protection operates (In:
secondary rated current of CT).
When I2D<1.3In, tripping output will operate with a time delay of 20ms since current differential

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3 Operation Theory

protection operates.
Both local circuit breakers are tripped (CB1 and CB2) but transfer tripping is not initiated after
2-terminal current differential protection operates.
3.2.2.3 Differential Current Alarm
If any of the phase differential current is greater than the setting [87S.I_Alm] for 5s, this device will
issue the alarm signal [87S.Alm_Diff]. If the alarmed phase differential current is reverted to
normal, the alarm signal [87S.Alm_Diff] will be restored automatically after 5s.
3.2.3 Function Block Diagram

87S
I3P1

87S.Op

I3P2

87S.St

I3P3

87S.Op_2Terminals

89b_DS 87S.Op_3Terminals
87S.En1 87S.Valid_89b_DS
87S.En2
87S.Blk

87S.Alm_89b_DS
87S.Alm_Diff

3.2.4 I/O Signal


Table 3.2-1 Input signals
No.

Input Signal

Description

Configurable

I3P1

Three-phase current input of CT1

I3P2

Three-phase current input of CT2

I3P3

Three-phase current input of CT3

89b_DS

Normally closed auxiliary contact of feeder line disconnector

87S.En1

87S.En2

Current differential protection enabling input 1, it can be binary


inputs or logic links.
Current differential protection enabling input 2, it can be binary
inputs or logic link.

Yes

Yes

Current differential protection blocking input, such as function


7

87S.Blk

blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, current differential protection is reset and

Yes

time delay is cleared.


Table 3.2-2 Output signals
No.

Output Signal

Description

Configurable

87S.Op

Current differential protection operates.

87S.St

Current differential protection picks up.

87S.Op_2Terminals

Current differential protection with two terminals operates.

3-6

Yes

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory
No.

Output Signal

Description

Configurable

87S.Op_3Terminals

Current differential protection with three terminals operates.

87S.Valid_89b_DS

Disconnector position is valid.

87S.Alm_89b_DS

Disconnector position is abnormal.

87S.Alm_Diff

Differential current is abnormal.

Yes

3.2.5 Logic
Logic diagram of 3-terminal current differential protection and 2-terminal current differential
protection are shown in following two figures.

SET

I3DA>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I3DA>[87S.Slope]I3RA

SIG

I3DA>1.3In

&
&

>=1
&

>=1
20ms 0

BI

BI_89b_DS

SET

I3DB>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I3DB>[87S.Slope]I3RB

SIG

I3DB>1.3In

&
&
>=1
&
20ms 0

SET

I3DC>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I3DC>[87S.Slope]I3RC

SIG

I3DC>1.3In

&
&
>=1
&

EN

[87S.En]

SIG

[87S.En1]

SIG

[87S.En2]

SIG

[87S.Blk]

20ms 0

&
87S.Op

&

Figure 3.2-2 Logic of 3-terminal current differential protection

Where:
I3DA: differential current of phase A for 3-terminal current differential protection
I3DB: differential current of phase B for 3-terminal current differential protection
I3DC: differential current of phase C for 3-terminal current differential protection
I3RA: restraint current of phase A for 3-terminal current differential protection

3-7

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

I3RB: restraint current of phase B for 3-terminal current differential protection


I3RC: restraint current of phase C for 3-terminal current differential protection

SET

I2DA>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I2DA>[87S.Slope]I2RA

SIG

I2DA>1.3In

&
&

>=1
&

>=1
20ms 0

BI

BI_89b_DS

SET

I2DB>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I2DB>[87S.Slope]I2RB

SIG

I2DB>1.3In

&
&
>=1
&
20ms 0

SET

I2DC>[87S.I_Biased]

SET

I2DC>[87S.Slope]I2RC

SIG

I2DC>1.3In

&
&
>=1
&

EN

[87S.En]

SIG

[87S.En1]

SIG

[87S.En2]

SIG

[87S.Blk]

20ms 0

&
87S.Op

&

Figure 3.2-3 Logic of 2-terminal current differential protection

Where:
I2DA: differential current of phase A for 2-terminal current differential protection
I2DB: differential current of phase B for 2-terminal current differential protection
I2DC: differential current of phase C for 2-terminal current differential protection
I2RA: restraint current of phase A for 2-terminal current differential protection
I2RB: restraint current of phase B for 2-terminal current differential protection
I2RC: restraint current of phase C for 2-terminal current differential protection

3-8

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

3.2.6 Settings
Table 3.2-3 Current differential protection settings
No.

Name

Range

Step

Unit

87S.I_Biased

(0.050~30.000)In

0.001

87S.I_Alm

(0.050~30.000)In

0.001

87S.Slope

0.3~1.0

0.001

Remark
Current setting of current differential
protection
Current setting of current differential CT
alarm element
Slope of current differential protection
Enabling or disabling current differential

87S.En

0 or 1

protection;
0: disable; 1: enable
Enabling or disabling CTS blocking

87S.En_CTS_Blk

0 or 1

current protection function;


0: disable; 1: enable

3.3 Feeder Line End Fault Protection


3.3.1 Application
Two stages of feeder line end fault protection is available for the device. If feeder line end fault
protection is enabled, feeder line end fault protection is in service when normally closed auxiliary
contact of feeder line disconnector is closed. (feeder line disconnector is open)
3.3.2 Protection Principle
The criterion:
ILine_max > [50FLE1.I_Set] or [50FLE2.I_Set]

Equation 3.3-1

I3Dmax > [87S.I_Biased]

Equation 3.3-2

Where:
ILine_max=Max(ILine_A, ILine_B, ILine_C), ILine_A, ILine_B and ILine_C are secondary phase current of the line.
[50FLE1.I_Set], [50FLE2.I_Set]: current setting of stage 1 and stage 2 of feeder line end fault
protection
I3Dmax=Max( I CB1_ I CB2_ I Line_ ), the maximum value of phase differential current of phase A,
phase B and phase C, please refer to Figure 3.2-1 about I CB1 , I CB2 and I Line .
[87S.I_Biased]: current setting of current differential protection.
In order to prevent the device from undesired trip due to error in normally closed auxiliary contact
of feeder line disconnector, feeder line end fault protection is controlled by differential current
element.

3-9

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

Provided that differential current element of feeder line end fault protection operates, if
ILine_max >[50FLE1.I_Set], stage 1 of feeder line end fault protection will operate to initiate transfer
trip after the time delay of [50FLE1.t_Op], if ILine_max >[50FLE2.I_Set], stage 2 of feeder line end
fault protection will operate to initiate transfer trip after the time delay of [50FLE2.t_Op].
3.3.3 Function Block Diagram

50FLEx
50FLEx.St

I3P3
BI_89b_DS

50FLEx.Op

50FLEx.En1
50FLEx.En2
50FLEx.Blk

3.3.4 I/O Signal


Table 3.3-1 Input signals
No.

Input Signal

Description

Configurable

I3P3

Three-phase current input of CT3

BI_89b_DS

normally closed auxiliary contact of feeder line disconnector

50FLEx.En1

50FLEx.En2

Stage x of feeder line end fault protection enabling input 1, it can


be binary inputs or logic links.
Stage x of feeder line end fault protection enabling input 2, it can
be binary inputs or logic link.

Yes

Yes

Stage x of feeder line end fault protection blocking input, such as


5

50FLEx.Blk

function blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, feeder line end fault protection is reset and

Yes

time delay is cleared.


Table 3.3-2 Output signals
No.

Output Signal

Description

Configurable

50FLEx.St

Operation signal of stage x of feeder line end fault protection

50FLEx.Op

Pickup signal of stage x of feeder line end fault protection

3.3.5 Logic
Logic diagram of feeder line end fault protection is shown in the following figure.

3-10

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory
EN

[50FLEx.En]

SIG

[50FLEx.En1]

SIG

[50FLEx.En2]

SIG

[50FLEx.Blk]

SET

ILine_max>[50FLEx.I_Set]

SET

I3Dmax>[87S.I_Biased]

BI

BI_89b_DS

&

50FLEx.St

&
50FLEx.t_Op 0ms

50FLEx.Op

Figure 3.3-1 Logic of feeder line end fault protection

Where:
x=1 or 2
3.3.6 Settings
Table 3.3-3 Feeder line end fault protection settings
No.

Name

Range

Step

Unit

50FLE1.I_Set

(0.050~30.000)In

0.001

50FLE1.t_Op

0.000~20.000

0.001

Remark
Current setting of stage 1 of feeder
line end fault protection
Time delay of stage 1 of feeder line
end fault protection
Enabling or disabling stage 1 of

50FLE1.En

feeder line end fault protection

0 or 1

0: disable
1: enable

50FLE2.I_Set

(0.050~30.000)In

0.001

50FLE2.t_Op

0.000~20.000

0.001

Current setting of stage 2 of feeder


line end fault protection
Time delay of stage 2 of feeder line
end fault protection
Enabling or disabling stage 2 of

50FLE2.En

feeder line end fault protection

0 or 1

0: disable
1: enable

3.4 Phase overcurrent protection


3.4.1 Protection Principle
Phase overcurrent protection is based on the sum current of two circuit breakers, the criterion is:
Max( I CB1_ I CB2_ )>[50P.I_Set]

Equation 3.4-1

I , I : secondary current of two circuit breakers.


CB1
CB2
3-11

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

= A, B or C
[50P.I_Set]: current setting of phase overcurrent protection.
Both local circuit breakers (CB1 and CB2) will be tripped if phase overcurrent protection operates.
3.4.2 Function Block Diagram

50P
I3P1

50P.St

I3P2
50P.En1

50P.Op

50P.En2
50P.Blk

3.4.3 I/O Signal


Table 3.4-1 Input signals
No.

Input Signal

Description

I3P1

Three-phase current input of CT1

I3P2

Three-phase current input of CT2

50P.En1

50P.En2

Configurable

Phase overcurrent protection enabling input 1, it can be binary


inputs or logic links.
Phase overcurrent protection enabling input 2, it can be binary
inputs or logic link.

Yes

Yes

Phase overcurrent protection blocking input, such as function


5

50P.Blk

blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, phase overcurrent protection is reset and

Yes

time delay is cleared.


Table 3.4-2 Output signals
No.

Output Signal

Description

50P.Op

Operation signal of phase overcurrent protection

50P.St

Pickup signal of phase overcurrent protection

Configurable

3.4.4 Logic
Logic diagram of phase overcurrent protection is shown in following figure.

3-12

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

EN

[50P.En]

SIG

[50P.En1]

SIG

[50P.En2]

SIG

[50P.Blk]

SET

Max( I CB1_ I CB2_ )>[50P.I_Set]

&

50P.St

&
50P.t_Op 0ms

50P.Op

Figure 3.4-1 Logic of phase overcurrent protection

3.4.5 Settings
Table 3.4-3 Current differential protection settings
No.

Name

Range

Step

Unit

(0.050~30.000)In

0.001

0.001

50P.I_Set

50P.t_Op

0.000~20.000

50P.En

0 or 1

Remark
current setting of phase overcurrent
element
time delay of phase overcurrent
element
enable phase overcurrent element

3.5 Trip Logic


3.5.1 Application
For any enabled protection tripping elements, their operation signal will convert to appropriate
tripping signals through trip logics and then trigger output contacts by configuration.
3.5.2 Function Description
This module gathers signals from protection tripping elements and then converts the operation
signal from protection tripping elements to appropriate tripping signals.

3-13

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

3.5.3 Logic
0

SIG

87S.Op_3Terminals

SIG

87S.Op_2Terminals

SIG

50P.Op

SIG

Max(I3P1+I3P2)>0.06I2n

t_Dwell_Trp

&

>=1

>=1
t_Dwell_Trp 0

&

&
Trp

FD.Pkp

SIG

SIG

87S.Op_3Terminals

SIG

50FLE1.Op

SIG

50FLE2.Op

SIG

Max(I3P3)>0.06I2n

SIG

FD.Pkp

t_Dwell_TT

&

>=1

>=1
t_Dwell_TT 0

&

&
TT

Figure 3.5-1 Simplified tripping logic

1.

[t_Dwell_Trp] is the shortest period of tripping contact operation. The tripping contact shall be
reset under conditions of no current and or protection tripping element reset.

3.5.4 I/O Signal


Table 3.5-1 Input signal
Name

Description

I3P1

Three-phase current input of CT1

I3P2

Three-phase current input of CT2

I3P3

Three-phase current input of CT3

87S.Op_3Terminals

3-terminal current differential protection operates.

87S.Op_2Terminals

2-terminal current differential protection operates.

50FLE1.Op

Operation signal of stage 1 of feeder line end fault protection

50FLE2.Op

Operation signal of stage 2 of feeder line end fault protection

50P.Op

Operation signal of phase overcurrent protection


Table 3.5-2 Output signal
Name

Description

Trp

Tripping local two circuit breakers

TT

Initiating transfer tripping

3-14

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

3.5.5 Settings
Table 3.5-3 Setting description
No.

Name

Range

Step

Unit

t_Dwell_Trp

0.000~1000.000

0.001

t_Dwell_TT

0.000~1000.000

0.001

Remark
the dwell time of tripping command, empirical
value is 0.04
the dwell time of transfer tripping command

3-15

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

3 Operation Theory

3-16

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision

4 Supervision
Table of Contents
4.1 General Description ........................................................................................ 4-1
4.2 Supervision Alarms ......................................................................................... 4-1
4.3 Relay Self-supervision.................................................................................... 4-4
4.3.1 Relay Hardware Monitoring ................................................................................................. 4-4
4.3.2 Fault Detector Monitoring .................................................................................................... 4-4
4.3.3 Check Tripping Output Circuit.............................................................................................. 4-4
4.3.4 Check Setting ...................................................................................................................... 4-4

4.4 AC Input Monitoring ........................................................................................ 4-4


4.4.1 Current Drift Monitoring and Auto-adjustment ..................................................................... 4-4
4.4.2 Sampling Monitoring ............................................................................................................ 4-4

4.5 Secondary Circuit Monitoring ........................................................................ 4-5


4.5.1 Opto-coupler Power Supervision ......................................................................................... 4-5

Table of Tables
Table 4.2-1 Alarm description and handling suggestion ........................................................ 4-1

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

4-a
Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision

4-b

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision

4.1 General Description


Protection system is in quiescent state under normal conditions, and it is required to respond
promptly for faults occurred on power system. When equipment is in energizing process before the
LED HEALTHY is on, the equipment need to be checked to ensure no abnormality. Therefore,
the automatic supervision function, which checks the health of the protection system when startup
and during normal operation, plays an important role.
The numerical relay based on the microprocessor operations is suitable for implementing this
automatic supervision function of the protection system.
In case a defect is detected during initialization when DC power supply is provided to the
equipment, the equipment will be blocked with indication and alarm of relay out of service. It is
suggested a trial recovery of the equipment by re-energization. Please contact supplier if the
equipment is still failure.
When a failure is detected by the automatic supervision, it is followed by a LCD message, LED
indication and alarm contact outputs. The failure alarm is also recorded in event recording report
and can be printed If required.

4.2 Supervision Alarms


Hardware circuit and operation status of the equipment are self-supervised continuously. If any
abnormal condition is detected, information or report will be displayed and a corresponding alarm
will be issued.
A minor abnormality may block a certain number of protections functions while the other functions
can still work. However, if severe hardware failure or abnormality are detected, all protection
functions will be blocked and the LED HEALTHY will be extinguished and blocking output
contacts BO_FAIL will be given. The protective device then can not work normally and
maintenance is required to eliminate the failure. All the alarm signals and the corresponding
handling suggestions are listed below.
Note!
If the protective device is blocked or alarm signal is sent during operation, please do find
out its reason with the help of self-diagnostic record. If the reason can not be found at site,
please notify the factory NR. Please Do not simply press button TARGET RESET on the
protection panel or re-energize on the protective device.
Table 4.2-1 Alarm description and handling suggestion
No.

Item

Alarm description

Handing suggestion
The signal is issued with other specific alarm

Fail_Device

The device fails.

signals, and please refer to the handeling


suggestion other specific alarm signals.

Alm_Device

The device is abnormal.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

The signal is issued with other specific alarm

4-1
Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision
signals, and please refer to the handeling
suggestion other specific alarm signals.

Alm_CommTest

The

device

is

in

the

communication test mode.

No special treatment is needed, and disable


the communication test function after the
completion of the test.
Please reset setting values according to the
range described in the instruction manual,

Alm_Setting_OvRange

Set value of any setting is out

then re-power or reboot the equipment and

of scope.

the alarm message will disappear and the


equipment will restore to normal operation
state.
1.

Go to the menu InformationBorad

Info, check the abnormality information.


Mismatch

between

configuration
5

Alm_BoardConfig

of

the

2.

For the abnormality board, if the board

plug-in

is not used, then remove, and if the board is

modules and the designing

used, then check whether the board is

drawing of an applied-specific

installed properly and work normally.

project.

3.

After

the abnormality is removed,

re-power or reboot the device and the device


will restore to normal operation state.
Driving
6

Bxx.Fail_TrpOut

circuits

binary

Please re-insert the corresponding binary

output relays of BO plug-in

output module and re-power the equipment

module

after the completion of insertion, and the

in

of

slot

xx

are

damaged.

device will restore to normal operation state.

Setting surveillance between


7

Fail_SettingSurv

DSP

module

and

MON

module is abnormal.
8

Fail_Memory

Error

is

found

during

checking memory data.

Please inform the manufacture or the agent


for repair.
Please inform the manufacture or the agent
for repair.
1.

Check CT ratio settings of each side of

transformer to be set in proper range, and if


need, please reset those settings and reboot
or re-power the device.
9

Fail_Settings

Error

is

found

during

checking settings.

2.

Check overexcitation settings to be set

reasonable, and if need, please reset those


settings and reboot or re-power the device.
3.

After above two steps, abnormality may

disappear. Otherwise, a hardware failue


probably ocurrs and please inform the
manufacture or the agent.
Chips are damaged and please inform the
10

Fail_DSP

DSP chip is damaged.

manufacture or the agent replacing the


module.

11

Bxx.Alm_OptoDC

The power

supply of

BI

4-2

1.

check whether the binary input module

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision
plug-in module in slot xx is

is connected to the power supply.

abnormal.

2.

check whether the voltage of power

supply is in the required range.


3.

After the voltage for binary input module

restores to normal range, the ALARM LED


will be extinguished and the corresponding
alarm message will disappear and the device
will restore to normal operation state.

12

13

Fail_Config

Fail_Sample

Software

configuation

is

incorrect.

Please inform configuration engineers to


check and confirm visualization functions of
the device
1.

Please make the device out of service.

2.

Then check if the analog input modules

AC current samplings are

and wiring connectors connected to those

abnormal.

modules are installed at the position.


3.

Re-power the device and the device will

restore to normal operation state.


Please

check

secondary

values

and

protection settings. If settings are not set


14

Alm_PersistFD

Fault

detector

element

operates for longer than 10s.

reasonable to make fault detectors pick up,


please reset settings, and then the alarm
message will disappear and the device will
restore to normal operation state.
Please

15

CTS.Alm

CT circuit of corresponding
circuit breaker fails.

check

the

corresponding

CT

secondary circuit. After the abnormality is


eliminated,

ALARM

LED

will

go

off

automatically and device returns to normal


operation state.
Thess alarms may be issued for electric

16

Fail_SV_QF

The quality factor of sample


values is abnormal.

transformer applied projects. If alarms are


issued, please check working state of
merging units and the connection between
merging units and the protection device.
After

17

Alm_Maintenance

The device is in maintenance


state.

maintenance

de-energized

is

the

finished,
binary

please
input

[BI_Maintenance] and then the alarm will


disappear and the device restore to normal
operation state.
1.

18

Alm_TimeSync

Time

synchronization

abnormality alarm.

check

whether

the selected

clock

synchronization mode matches the clock


synchronization source;
2.

check whether the wiring connection

between the equipment and the clock

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

4-3
Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision
synchronization source is correct
3.

check whether the setting for selecting

clock synchronization (i.e. [Opt_TimeSync])


is set correctly. If there is no clock
synchronization, please set the setting
[Opt_TimeSync] as No TimeSync.
4.

After the abnormality is removed, the

ALARM LED will be extinguished and the


corresponding alarm message will disappear
and the device will restore to normal
operation state.

4.3 Relay Self-supervision


4.3.1 Relay Hardware Monitoring
All chips on DSP module are monitored to ensure whether they are damaged or having errors. If
any one of them is detected damaged or having error, the alarm signal [Fail_DSP] is issued with
device being blocked.

4.3.2 Fault Detector Monitoring


When any fault detector picks up for over 10s, an alarm will be issued [Alm_PersistFD] without
protective device blocked.

4.3.3 Check Tripping Output Circuit


Chips controlling the output relays in the output circuit are continually monitored. If any error or
damage is detected in these chips, alarm [Bxx.Fail_TrpOut] will be given and the device will be
blocked.

4.3.4 Check Setting


This relay has 10 setting groups, only one setting group could be activiated (is active) at a time.
The settings of active setting group are checked to ensure they are reasonable. If settings are
checked to be unreasonable or out of setting scopes, a corresponding alarm signal will be issued,
and protective device is also blocked.

4.4 AC Input Monitoring


4.4.1 Current Drift Monitoring and Auto-adjustment
Zero point of current may drift due to variation of temperature or other environment factors. The
equipment continually traces the drift and adjust it to normal value automatically.

4.4.2 Sampling Monitoring


AC current samplings of protection DSP and fault detector DSP are monitored and if the samples
of protection DSP and fault detector DSP are detected to be wrong or inconsistent between them,
4-4

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision

the alarm signal [Fail_Sample] will be issued and the device will be blocked.

4.5 Secondary Circuit Monitoring


4.5.1 Opto-coupler Power Supervision
Positive power supply of opto-coupler is continually monitored. If an error or damage has occurred,
an alarm [Bxx.Alm_OptoDC] will be issued.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

4-5
Date: 2011-08-02

4 Supervision

4-6

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

5 Measurement and Recording


Table of Contents
5.1 Measurement ................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Recording ........................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2.1 General Description ............................................................................................................. 5-1
5.2.2 Event Recording .................................................................................................................. 5-2
5.2.3 Disturbance Recording ........................................................................................................ 5-2
5.2.4 Present Recording ............................................................................................................... 5-3

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

5-a
Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

5-b

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

5.1 Measurement
PCS-924 performs continuous measurement of the analogue input quantities. The relay samples
24 points per cycle and calculates the RMS value in each interval and updated the LCD display in
every 0.5s. The measurement data can be displayed on the LCD of the relay front panel or on the
local/remote PC via software tool. Navigate the menu to view the sampling value through LCD
screen.
1.

RMS Values

Access path: Press key to enter main menu firstly. Select the item Measurements and press
key ENT to enter, and then select submenu Measurements1. Press key ENT to display
corresponding measurement values as below on the LCD.
Measured directly

Magnitude of phase current of CT1 (Ia1, Ib1, Ic1)

Magnitude of phase current of CT2 (Ia2, Ib2, Ic2)

Magnitude of phase current of CT3 (Ia3, Ib3, Ic3)


Calculated by DSP

Differential current (Id_a, Id_b, Id_c)


Phase Angle

Phase angle of (Ia1-Ib1), (Ib1-Ic1), (Ic1-Ia1)

Phase angle of (Ia2-Ib2), (Ib2-Ic2), (Ic2-Ia2)

Phase angle of (Ia3-Ib3), (Ib3-Ic3), (Ic3-Ia3)

Phase angle of (Ia1-Ia2), (Ib1-Ib2), (Ic1-Ic2)

Phase angle of (Ia1-Ia3), (Ib1-Ib3), (Ic1-Ic3)

Phase angle of (Ia2-Ia3), (Ib2-Ib3), (Ic2-Ic3)

5.2 Recording
5.2.1 General Description
PCS-924 provides the following recording functions:
1.

Event recording

2.

Disturbance recording

3.

Present recording

All the recording information except waveform can be viewed on local LCD or by printing.
Waveform could only be printed or extracted with PCS-PC software tool and a waveform analysis
software.
PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

5-1
Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

5.2.2 Event Recording


5.2.2.1 General Description
The device can store the latest 1024 disturbance records, 1024 binary events, 1024 supervision
events and 1024 device logs. All the records are stored in non-volatile memory, and when the
available space is exhausted, the oldest record is automatically overwritten by the latest one.
5.2.2.2 Disturbance Records
When any protection element operates or drops off, such as fault detector, distance protection etc.,
they will be logged in event records.
5.2.2.3 Supervision Events
The device is under automatic supervision all the time. If there are any failure or abnormal
condition detected, such as, chip damaged, VT circuit failure and so on, it will be logged in event
records.
5.2.2.4 Binary Events
When there is a binary input is energized or de-energized, i.e., its state has changed from 0 to 1
or from 1 to 0, it will be logged in event records.
5.2.2.5 Device Logs
If an operator implements some operations on the device, such as reboot protective device,
modify setting, etc., they will be logged in event records.

5.2.3 Disturbance Recording


5.2.3.1 Application
Disturbance records can be used to have a better understanding of the behavior of the power
network and related primary and secondary equipment during and after a disturbance. Analysis of
the recorded data provides valuable information that can be used to improve existing equipment.
This information can also be used when planning for and designing new installations.
5.2.3.2 Design
A disturbance record consists of fault record and fault waveform. A disturbance record is initiated
by fault detector element.
The disturbance record has two types:
1.

Fault detector element picks up without operation of protective element.

2.

Fault detector element picks up with operation of protective elements.

5.2.3.3 Capacity and Information of Disturbance Records


The device can store up to 64 disturbance records with waveform in non-volatile memory. It is
based on first in first out queue that the oldest disturbance record will be overwritten by the latest
one.

5-2

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

For each disturbance record, the following items are included:


1.

Sequence number

Each operation will be recorded with a sequence number in the record and displayed on LCD
screen.
2.

Date and time of fault occurrence

The time resolution is 1ms using the relay internal clock synchronized via clock synchronized
device if connected. The date and time is recorded when a system fault is detected.
3.

Relative operating time

An operating time (not including the operating time of output relays) is recorded in the record.
4.

Faulty phase

5.

Protection elements

5.2.3.4 Capacity and Information of Fault Waveform


MON module can store 64 pieces of fault waveform oscillogram in non-volatile memory. If a new
fault occurs when 64 fault waveform have been stored, the oldest will be overwritten by the latest
one.
Each fault record consists of all analog and digital quantities related to protection, such as original
current and voltage, differential current, alarm elements, and binary inputs and etc.
Each time recording includes 10-cycle pre-fault waveform, and 250 cycles at least and 500 cycles
at most can be recorded.

5.2.4 Present Recording


Present recording is a waveform triggered manually on on the devices LCD or remotely through
PCS-PC software. Recording content of present recording is same to that of disturbance
recording.
Each time recording includes 10-cycle waveform before triggering, and 250 cycles at most can be
recorded.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

5-3
Date: 2011-08-02

5 Measurement and Recording

5-4

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

6 Hardware
Table of Contents
6.1 General Description ........................................................................................ 6-1
6.2 Typical Wiring .................................................................................................. 6-4
6.2.1 Conventional CT/VT (For reference only) ........................................................................... 6-4
6.2.2 ECT/EVT (For reference only) ............................................................................................. 6-6

6.3 Plug-in Module Description ............................................................................ 6-8


6.3.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply) ................................................................................. 6-8
6.3.2 MON Plug-in Module (Management)................................................................................. 6-10
6.3.3 AI Plug-in Module (Analog Input) ....................................................................................... 6-13
6.3.4 DSP Plug-in Module (Fault Detector and Protection Calculation) .................................... 6-15
6.3.5 NET-DSP Plug-in Module (GOOSE and SV) .................................................................... 6-16
6.3.6 BI Plug-in Module (Binary Input)........................................................................................ 6-16
6.3.7 BO Plug-in Module (Binary Output) ................................................................................... 6-20
6.3.8 HMI Module........................................................................................................................ 6-22

List of Figures
Figure 6.1-1 Rear view of fixed module position ..................................................................... 6-1
Figure 6.1-2 Hardware diagram .................................................................................................. 6-2
Figure 6.1-3 Front view of PCS-924 ........................................................................................... 6-3
Figure 6.1-4 Typical rear view of PCS-924 ................................................................................ 6-4
Figure 6.2-1 Typical wiring of PCS-924 (conventional CT/VT) ................................................ 6-5
Figure 6.2-2 Typical wiring of PCS-924 (ECT/EVT) .................................................................. 6-7
Figure 6.3-1 View of PWR plug-in module ................................................................................ 6-9
Figure 6.3-2 Output contacts of PWR plug-in module............................................................. 6-9
Figure 6.3-3 View of MON plug-in module .............................................................................. 6-11
Figure 6.3-4 Connection of communication terminal ............................................................ 6-13

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-a
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

Figure 6.3-5 View of AI plug-in module ................................................................................... 6-14


Figure 6.3-6 View of DSP plug-in module ............................................................................... 6-15
Figure 6.3-7 View of NET-DSP plug-in module ....................................................................... 6-16
Figure 6.3-8 View of BI plug-in module (NR1503) .................................................................. 6-17
Figure 6.3-9 View of BI plug-in module (NR1504) .................................................................. 6-17
Figure 6.3-10 View of BO plug-in module (NR1521A) ............................................................ 6-21
Figure 6.3-11 View of BO plug-in module (NR1521C) ............................................................ 6-21

Table of Tables
Table 6.3-1 Terminal definition and description ....................................................................... 6-9
Table 6.3-2 Terminal definition of AI module .......................................................................... 6-14

6-b

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

6.1 General Description


PCS-924 adopts 64-bit microchip processor CPU produced by FREESCALE as control core for
logic calculation and management function, meanwhile, adopts high-speed digital signal processor
DSP for all the protection calculation. 24 points are sampled in every cycle and parallel processing
of sampled data can be realized in each sampling interval to ensure ultrahigh reliability and safety
of protection equipment.

06

07

09

10

11

12

13

14

PWR module

08

BO module

05

BO module

04

BO module

DSP module
03

BO module

02

BI module

01

BI module

Slot No.

AI module

MON module

PCS-924 is comprised of intelligent plug-in modules, except that few particular plug-in modules
position cannot be changed in the whole device (gray plug-in modules as shown in Figure 6.1-1),
other plug-in modules like AI (analog input) and IO (binary input and binary output) can be flexibly
configured in the remaining slot positions.

15

00

Figure 6.1-1 Rear view of fixed module position

PCS-924 has 16 slots, PWR module, MON module and DSP module are assigned at fixed slots.
Besides 3 fixed modules are shown in above figure, there are 13 slots can be flexibly configured.
AI plug-in module, BI plug-in module and BO plug-in module can be configured at position
between slot B02, B03 and B06~B15. It should be pay attention that AI plug-in module will occupy
two slots.
This device is developed on the basis of our latest software and hardware platform, and the new
platform major characteristics are of high reliability, networking and great capability in
anti-interference great capability in anti-interference. See Figure 6.1-2 for hardware diagram.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-1
Date: 2011-08-02

A/D

Protection
Calculation
DSP

A/D

Fault
Detector
DSP

Output Relay

Conventional CT/VT

External
Binary Input

6 Hardware

ECVT
Pickup
Relay

ECVT
ETHERNET
LCD
Power
Supply

Uaux

+E
Clock SYN

LED

CPU
RJ45

Keypad
PRINT

Figure 6.1-2 Hardware diagram

The working process of the device is as shown in above figure: current and voltage from
conventional CT/VT are converted into small voltage signal and sent to DSP module after filtered
and A/D conversion for protection calculation and fault detector respectively (ECVT signal is sent
to the relay without small signal and A/D convertion). When DSP module completes all the
protection calculation, the result will be recorded in 64-bit CPU on MON module. DSP module
carries out fault detector, protection logic calculation, tripping output, and MON module perfomes
SOE (sequence of event) record, waveform recording, printing, communication between
protection and SAS and communication between HMI and CPU. When fault detector detects a
fault and picks up, positive power supply for output relay is provided.
The items can be flexibly configured depending on the situations like sampling method of device
(conventional CT/VT and ECT/EVT), the mode of binary output (conventional binary output and
GOOSE binary output), and whether it needs independent binary output for pole discrepancy
protection. The configurations for PCS-900 series based on microcomputer are classified into
standard and optional modules.
Table 6.1-1 PCS-924 module configuration
No.

ID

Module description

NR1101/NR1102

Management module (MON module)

Standard

NR1401

Analog input module (AI module )

Standard

NR1161

Protection calculation and fault detector module (DSP module)

Standard

NR1503/NR1504

Binary input module (BI module)

Standard

NR1521

Binary output module (BO module)

Standard

NR1301

Power supply module (PWR module)

Standard

NR1136

GOOSE and SV from merging unit by IEC61850-9-2 (NET-DSP

Option

6-2

Remark

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware
No.

ID

Module description

Remark

module)
8

Human machine interface module (HMI module)

Standard

MON module provides functions like management function, event record, setting
management etc.

AI module converts AC current and voltage from current transformers and voltage
transformers respectively to small voltage.

DSP module performs filtering, sampling, protection calculation and fault detector calculation.

BI module provides binary inputs, the binary inputs are opto-couplers of rating
24V/110V/125V/220V/250V (configurable).

BO module provides output contacts for tripp[ing, and signal output contact for annunciation
signal, remote signal, fault and disturbance signal, operation abnormal signal etc.

PWR module converts DC 250/220/125/110V into various DC voltage levels for modules of
the device.

HMI module is comprised of LCD, keypad, LED indicators and multiplex RJ45 ports for user
as human-machine interface.

NET-DSP module receives and sends GOOSE messages, sampled values (SV) from
merging unit by IEC61850-9-2 protocol.

PCS-924 series is made of a 4U height 19 chassis for flush mounting. Components mounted on
its front include a 320240 dot matrix LCD, a 9 button keypad, 20 LED indicators and a multiplex
RJ45 port. A monolithic micro controller is installed in the equipment for these functions.
Following figures show front and rear views of PCS-924 respectively.

ALARM

11

PCS-924

12

STUB DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

10

20

GRP

HEALTHY

ESC

1
2

ENT

Figure 6.1-3 Front view of PCS-924

20 LED indicators are, from top to bottom, operation (HEALTHY), self-supervision (ALARM),
others are configurable.
For the 9-button keypad, ENT is enter, GRP is group number and ESC is escape.
PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-3
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

NR1102

NR1401

NR1161

NR1504

NR1504

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

NR1301
5V OK

ALM

BO_ALM BO_FAIL

DANGER
1 BO_COM1
2

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

BO_COM2

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

OPTO+

OPTO-

9
10

PWR+

11

PWR-

12

GND

Figure 6.1-4 Typical rear view of PCS-924

6.2 Typical Wiring

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

NR1301

PWR module

DSP module

02

BO module

01

NR1521A NR1521C NR1521B

BO module

Slot No.

NR1504

BO module

NR1161

BI module

NR1401

MON module

NR1102

AI module

6.2.1 Conventional CT/VT (For reference only)

14

15

00

The following typical wiring is given based on above hardware configuration

6-4

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

Power supply supervision

0801

0201
Ia

0203
Ib

0204

Ic

0206

0207
Ia

0209
Ib

0210
0211

Ic

0212

0213
Ia

0215
Ib

0216
0217

Ic

0218

Power supply for


opto-coupler (24V)

PWR+

0010

PWR-

0011

OPTO+

0007

OPTO-

0008

Not used

0808

0809

0814

Not used

0815

0816

0821

BI_12

BI_13

0822

1101
Power
Supply

0002

BO_ALM

0003

COM

0004

BO_FAIL

0005

BO_ALM

0006

COM

485-1B

0102

SGND

0103

SYN-

0102

SGND

0103
0104

TXD

0106

SGND

0107

0012

Multiplex
RJ45 (Front)

1103
BO_02

1104
1105

BO_03

1106

BO_11

1121
1122
1201

BO_01

1202
1203

BO_02

1204
1205

BO_03

1206

BO_11

1221
1222
1301

BO_01

1302
1303

BO_02

1304
1305

BO_03

1306

0105

PRINT

PTINTER

RTS

First 9 contacts controlled by fault detector


element and last 2 contacts without controlled by
fault detector element (option)

0101

Clock SYN

SYN+

1102

0101
COM

To the screen of other coaxial


cable with single point earthing

485-1A

BO_01

BO_FAIL

Signal Binary Output (option)

0001

0104

Grounding
Bus

0807

BI_07

BI_18

Controlled by fault detector


element

External DC power
supply

BI_06

Current of CT3

0214

0802

Current of CT2

0208

0205

BI_01
*BI plug-in module can be independent common terminal

Current of CT1

0202

BO_09

1317
1318
1319

BO_10

1320
1321

BO_11

1322
0225

Figure 6.2-1 Typical wiring of PCS-924 (conventional CT/VT)


PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-5
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware
PCS-924 (conventional CT/VT and conventional binary output)
Slot No.

01

08

09

11

12

13

14

Module ID

NR1102

02

NR1401

03

NR1161

04

05

06

07

NR1504

NR1504

10

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

15

NR1301

00

MON

AI

DSP

BI

BI

BO

BO

BO

BO

PWR

08

09

11

12

13

14

PCS-924 (conventional CT/VT and GOOSE binary output)


Slot No.

01

Module ID

NR1102

02

NR1401

03

NR1161

04

05

NR1136

06

07

NR1504

10

15

NR1301

00

MON

AI

DSP

NETDSP

BI

PWR

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

NR1301

PWR module

DSP module

02

BO module

01

NR1521A NR1521C NR1521B

BO module

Slot No.

NR1503

BO module

NR1161

BI module

NR1401

MON module

NR1102

AI module

6.2.2 ECT/EVT (For reference only)

14

15

00

The following typical wiring is given based on above hardware configuration.

6-6

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

MU

Phase B

RX

Phase C

TX

BI_02

BI_03

0801

0802

0803

0804

0805

0806

0821

0822

Power supply for


opto-coupler (24V)

PWR+

BI_11

0010

PWR-

0011

OPTO+

0007

OPTO-

0008

1101

Power
Supply

BO_ALM

0003

COM

0004

BO_FAIL

0005

BO_ALM

0006

COM

485-1B

0102

SGND

0103
0104
0101

SYN-

0102

SGND

0103
0104
0105

TXD

0106

SGND

0107

1104
1105

BO_03

1106

BO_11

1121
1122
1201

BO_01

1202
1203

BO_02

1204
1205

BO_03

1206

BO_11

1221
1222

0012
Grounding
Bus

Multiplex
RJ45 (Front)
PRINT

PTINTER

RTS

1103
BO_02

Clock SYN

SYN+

1102

0101
COM

To the screen of other coaxial


cable with single point earthing

485-1A

BO_01

BO_FAIL

0002

Signal Binary Output (option)

0001

Controlled by fault detector


element

External DC power
supply

*BI plug-in module can be common negative


terminal

Phase A

FO interface for SV channel


Up to 8
(LC Type)

SV from
ECT/EVT

BI_01

0225
IRIG-B

Figure 6.2-2 Typical wiring of PCS-924 (ECT/EVT)

PCS-924 ECT/EVT, GOOSE binary output and binary output


Slot No.

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

00

Module ID

NR1102

NR1161

NR1136

NR1504

NR1301

MON

DSP

NETDSP

BI

PWR

PCS-924 ECT/EVT, conventional binary output and binary output


Slot No.

01

08

09

11

12

13

14

Module ID

NR1102

02

03

NR1161

04

05

NR1136

06

07

NR1504

NR1504

10

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

NR1521

15

NR1301

00

MON

DSP

NETDSP

BI

BI

BO

BO

BO

BO

PWR

In the protection system adopting electronic current and voltage transformer (ECT/EVT), the
merging unit will merge the sample data from ECT/EVT, and then send it to the device through

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-7
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

multi-mode optical fibre. DSP module receives the data from merging unit through the optical-fibre
interface to complete the protection calculation and fault detector.
The difference between the hardware platform based on ECT/EVT and the hardware platform
based on conventional CT/VT lies in the receiving module of sampled values only, and the device
receives the sampled value from merging unit through multi-mode optical fibre.

6.3 Plug-in Module Description


The device consists of PWR plug-in module, MON plug-in module, DSP plug-in module, AI plug-in
module, BI plug-in module, BO plug-in module and NET-DSP plug-in module. Terminal definitions
and application of each plug-in module are introduced as follows.

6.3.1 PWR Plug-in Module (Power Supply)


PWR module is a DC/DC or AC/DC converter with electrical insulation between input and output. It
has an input voltage range as described in Chapter 2 Technical Data. The standardized output
voltages are +3.3Vdc, +5Vdc, 12Vdc and +24Vdc. The tolerances of the output voltages are
continuously monitored.
The +3.3Vdc output provides power supply for the microchip processors, and the +5Vdc output
provides power supply for all the electrical elements that need +5Vdc power supply in this device.
The 12Vdc output provides power supply for A/D conversion circuits in this device, and the
+24Vdc output provides power supply for the static relays of this device.
The use of an external miniature circuit breaker is recommended. The miniature circuit breaker
must be in the on position when the device is in operation and in the off position when the device is
in cold reserve.
A 12-pin connector is fixed on PWR module. The terminal definition of the connector is described
as below.

6-8

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

NR1301A
5V OK

BO_ALM

ALM

BO_FAIL

BO_COM1

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

BO_COM2

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

OPTO+

OPTO-

9
10 PWR+
11 PWR12 GND

Figure 6.3-1 View of PWR plug-in module

01
BO_FAIL
02
BO_ALM
03
04
BO_FAIL
05
BO_ALM
06

Figure 6.3-2 Output contacts of PWR plug-in module

Terminals definition and description is shown as follows:


Table 6.3-1 Terminal definition and description
Terminal No.

Symbol

Description

01

BO_COM1

Common terminal 1

02

BO_FAIL

Device failure output 1 (01-02, NC)

03

BO_ALM

Device abnormality alarm output 1 (01-03, NO)

04

BO_COM2

Common terminal 2

05

BO_FAIL

Device failure output 2 (04-05, NC)

06

BO_ALM

Device abnormality alarm output 2 (04-06, NO)

07

OPTO+

Positive power supply for BI module (24V)

08

OPTO-

Negative power supply for BI module (24V)

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-9
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware
Terminal No.

Symbol

Description

09

Blank

Not used

10

PWR+

Positive input of power supply for the device (250/220V/125/110V)

11

PWR-

Negative input of power supply for the device (250/220V/125/110V)

12

GND

Grounded connection of the device

Note!

The standard rated voltage of PWR module is self-adaptive to 88~300 Vdc. For
non-standard rated voltage power supply module please specify when place order, and
check if the rated voltage of power supply module is the same as the voltage of power
source before the device being put into service.
PWR module provides terminal 12 and grounding screw for device grounding. Terminal 12
shall be connected to grounding screw and then connected to the earth copper bar of
panel via dedicated grounding wire.
Effective grounding is the most important measure for a device to prevent EMI, so effective
grounding must be ensured before the device is put into service.

6.3.2 MON Plug-in Module (Management)


MON module consists of high-performance built-in processor, FLASH, SRAM, SDRAM, Ethernet
controller and other peripherals. Its functions include management of the complete device, human
machine interface, communication and waveform recording etc.
MON module uses the internal bus to receive the data from other modules of the device. It
communicates with the LCD module by RS-485 bus. This module comprises 100BaseT Ethernet
interfaces, RS-485 communication interfaces, PPS/IRIG-B differential time synchronization
interface and RS-232 printing interface.
Modules with various combinations of memory and interface are available as shown in the table
below.

6-10

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay


Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

NR1102A

ETHERNET

NR1102C

ETHERNET

NR1102B

ETHERNET

NR1102D

NR1102H

NR1102I

TX

TX

RX

RX

TX

TX

ETHERNET

NR1101E

ETHERNET

RX

RX

ETHERNET

ETHERNET

Figure 6.3-3 View of MON plug-in module


Module ID

Memory

Interface

Terminal No.

2 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
NR1102A

64M DDR

01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

4 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
64M DDR

To SCADA
01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

2 RJ45 Ethernet

NR1102C

128M DDR

RS-485

Twisted pair wire

To printer

04

RS-232

Physical Layer

To SCADA

04

RS-232

NR1102B

Usage

Twisted pair wire

To printer

To SCADA
01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

Twisted pair wire

04

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

6-11
Date: 2011-08-02

6 Hardware

RS-232

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

4 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
NR1102D

128M DDR

128M DDR

To SCADA
01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

04

RS-232

NR1102H

To printer

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

To printer

2 RJ45 Ethernet

To SCADA

Twisted pair wire

2 FO Ethernet

To SCADA

Optical fibre SC

RS-485

01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

04

RS-232

NR1102I

128M DDR

Twisted pair wire

Twisted pair wire

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

To printer

2 RJ45 Ethernet

To SCADA

Twisted pair wire

2 FO Ethernet

To SCADA

Optical fibre ST

RS-485

01

SYN+

02

SYN-

To clock

03

SGND

synchronization

04

RS-232

Twisted pair wire

05

RXD

06

TXD

07

SGND

2 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485

To printer

To SCADA
01

485-1A

02

485-1B

03

SGND

To SCADA

04

NR1101E

128M DDR

RS-485

05

485-1A

06

485-1B

07

SGND

To SCADA

Twisted pair wire

08

RS-485

09

SYN+

10

SYN-

To clock

11

SGND

synchronization

RXD

To printer

12
RS-232

13

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6 Hardware
14

TXD

15

SGND

16

FGND

To earth

The correct connection is shown in Figure 6.3-4. Generally, the shielded cables with two pairs of
twisted pairs inside shall be applied. One pair of the twisted pairs are respectively used to connect
the + and terminals of difference signal; the other pair of twisted pairs are used to connect the
signal ground of the interface, i.e. connect the signal groundings of all the devices connected with
the bus to the twisted pair. The module reserves a free terminal for all the communication ports;
the free terminal has no connection with any signal of the device; it is used to connect the external
shields of the two cables when connecting multiple devices in series. The external shield of cable
shall be grounded at one of the ends.
Twisted pair wire
01

485-1B

02

SGND

03

COM

04

Twisted pair wire


SYN+

01

SYN-

02

SGND

03

Clock SYN

To the screen of other coaxial


cable with single point earthing

485-1A

04

Twisted pair wire


05

TXD

06

SGND

07

PRINT

RTS

Figure 6.3-4 Connection of communication terminal

6.3.3 AI Plug-in Module (Analog Input)


AI module is applicable for power plant or substation with conventional VT and CT. It is assigned to
slot numbers 02 and 03. However, the module is not required if the device is used with ECT/EVT.
There are two types of AI module with rating 5A or 1A. Please declare which kind of AI module is
needed before ordering. Maximum linear range of the current converter is 40In.
Ia1, Ib1 and Ic1 are three phases current of CT1. Ia2, Ib2 and Ic2 are three phases current of CT2.
Ia3, Ib3 and Ic3 are three phases current of CT3. Terminal 0201, 0203 and 0205 are polarity marks
of CT1. Terminal 0207, 0209 and 0211 are polarity marks of CT2. Terminal 0213, 0215 and 0217
are polarity marks of CT3. Terminal 0225 is ground point. It shall be connected to ground bus.

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6 Hardware

NR1401

Ia1

01

Ia1n

02

Ib1

03

Ib1n

04

Ic1

05

Ic1n

06

Ia2

07

Ia2n

08

Ib2

09

Ib2n

10

Ic2

11

Ic2n

12

Ia3

13

Ia3n

14

Ib3

15

Ib3n

16

Ic3

17

Ic3n

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

Figure 6.3-5 View of AI plug-in module

Table 6.3-2 lists the terminal number and definition of AI module.


Table 6.3-2 Terminal definition of AI module
Terminal No.

Definition

Definition

01

Ia1

The phase-A current from CT1 (Polarity mark)

02

Ia1n

The phase-A current from CT1

03

Ib1

The phase-B current from CT1 (Polarity mark)

04

Ib1n

The phase-B current from CT1

05

Ic1

The phase-C current from CT1 (Polarity mark)

06

Ic1n

The phase-C current from CT1

07

Ia2

The phase-A current from CT2 (Polarity mark)

08

Ia2n

The phase-A current from CT2

09

Ib2

The phase-B current from CT2 (Polarity mark)

10

Ib2n

The phase-B current from CT2

11

Ic2

The phase-C current from CT2 (Polarity mark)

12

Ic2n

The phase-C current from CT2

13

Ia3

The phase-A current from CT3 (Polarity mark)

14

Ia3n

The phase-A current from CT3

15

Ib3

The phase-B current from CT3 (Polarity mark)

16

Ib3n

The phase-B current from CT3

17

Ic3

The phase-C current from CT3 (Polarity mark)

18

Ic3n

The phase-C current from CT3

19

Blank

20

Blank

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6 Hardware
Terminal No.

Definition

21

Blank

22

Blank

23

Blank

24

Blank

25

GND

Definition

Ground

6.3.4 DSP Plug-in Module (Fault Detector and Protection Calculation)

NR1161

Figure 6.3-6 View of DSP plug-in module

The module consists of high-performance double DSP (digital signal processor),16-digit


high-accuracy ADC that can perform synchronous sampling and manage other peripherals. One
of double DSP is responsible for protection calculation, and can fulfill analog data acquisition,
protection logic calculation and tripping output. The other is responsible for fault detector, and can
fulfill analog data acquisition, fault detector and providing power supply to output relay.
When the module is connected with conventional CT/VT, it can perform the synchronous data
acquisition through AI plug-in module. When the module is connected with ECT/EVT, it can
receive the real-time synchronous sampled value from merging unit through NET-DSP plug-in
module.

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6 Hardware

6.3.5 NET-DSP Plug-in Module (GOOSE and SV)

NR1136A

NR1136C

RX

Figure 6.3-7 View of NET-DSP plug-in module

This module consists of high-performance DSP (digital signal processor), two 100Mbit/s
optical-fibre interface and two 100Mbit/s RJ-45 ethernet and other peripherals. It supports GOOSE
and SV by IEC 61850-9-2 protocols. It can receive and send GOOSE messages to intelligent
control device, and receive SV from MU (merging unit).
This module supports IEEE1588 network time protocol, E2E and P2P defined in IEEE1588
protocol can be selected.This module supports Ethernet IEEE802.3 time adjustment message
format, UDP time adjustment message format and GMRP.

6.3.6 BI Plug-in Module (Binary Input)


There are two kinds of BI modules available, NR1503 and NR1504. Up to 3 BI modules can be
equipped with on device. The rated voltage can be selected to be 24V/48V (NR1503D or
NR1504D) or 110V/220V/125V/250V (NR1503A or NR1504A). This module provides the
monitoring circuit for opto-coupler power supply.
Each BI module is with a 22-pin connector for 11 binary inputs (NR1503) or 18 binary inputs
(NR1504).
For NR1503, each binary input has independent negative power input of opto-coupler, and can be
configurable. The terminal definition of the connector of BI plug-in module is described as below.
[BI_n] (n=01, 02,,11 can be configured as a specified binary input by PCS-PC software.)

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6 Hardware

NR1503
BI_01

01

Opto01-

02

BI_02

03

Opto02-

04

BI_03

05

Opto03-

06

BI_04

07

Opto04-

08

BI_05

09

Opto05-

10

BI_06

11

Opto06-

12

BI_07

13

Opto07-

14

BI_08

15

Opto08-

16

BI_09

17

Opto09-

18

BI_10

19

Opto10-

20

BI_11

21

Opto11-

22

Figure 6.3-8 View of BI plug-in module (NR1503)

For NR1504, all binary inputs share one common negative power input, and can be configurable.
The terminal definition of the connector of BI plug-in module is described as below. [BI_n] (n=01,
02,,18 can be configured as a specified binary input by PCS-PC software.)

NR1504
Opto+

01

BI_01

02

BI_02

03

BI_03

04

BI_04

05

BI_05

06

BI_06

07
08

BI_07

09

BI_08

10

BI_09

11

BI_10

12

BI_11

13

BI_12

14
15

BI_13

16

BI_14

17

BI_15

18

BI_16

19

BI_17

20

BI_18

21

COM-

22

Figure 6.3-9 View of BI plug-in module (NR1504)

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6 Hardware

Terminal description for NR 1503 and NR1504 are shown as follows respectively.
1.

NR1503
Terminal No.

2.

Symbol

Description

01

BI_01

Configurable binary input 1

02

Opto01-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 1

03

BI_02

Configurable binary input 2

04

Opto02-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 2

05

BI_03

Configurable binary input 3

06

Opto03-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 3

07

BI_04

Configurable binary input 4

08

Opto04-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 4

09

BI_05

Configurable binary input 5

10

Opto05-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 5

11

BI_06

Configurable binary input 6

12

Opto06-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 6

13

BI_07

Configurable binary input 7

14

Opto07-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 7

15

BI_08

Configurable binary input 8

16

Opto08-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 8

17

BI_09

Configurable binary input 9

18

Opto09-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 9

19

BI_10

Configurable binary input 10

20

Opto10-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 10

21

BI_11

Configurable binary input 11

22

Opto11-

Negative supply of configurable binary input 11

NR1504
Terminal No.

Symbol

Description

01

Opto+

Positive supply of power supply of the module

02

BI_01

Configurable binary input 1

03

BI_02

Configurable binary input 2

04

BI_03

Configurable binary input 3

05

BI_04

Configurable binary input 4

06

BI_05

Configurable binary input 5

07

BI_06

Configurable binary input 6

08

Blank

Not used

09

BI_07

Configurable binary input 7

10

BI_08

Configurable binary input 8

11

BI_09

Configurable binary input 9

12

BI_10

Configurable binary input 10

13

BI_11

Configurable binary input 11

14

BI_12

Configurable binary input 12

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6 Hardware
Terminal No.

Symbol

Description

15

Blank

Not used

16

BI_13

Configurable binary input 13

17

BI_14

Configurable binary input 14

18

BI_15

Configurable binary input 15

19

BI_16

Configurable binary input 16

20

BI_17

Configurable binary input 17

21

BI_18

Configurable binary input 18

22

COM-

Common terminal of negative supply of binary inputs

First four binary signals (BI_01, BI_02, BI_03, BI_04) in first BI plug-in module are fixed, they are
[BI_TimeSyn], [BI_Print], [BI_Maintenance] and [BI_RstTarg] respectively.
1.

Binary input: [BI_TimeSyn]

It is used to receive clock synchronism signal from clock synchronization device, the binary input
[BI_TimeSyn] will change from 0 to 1 once pulse signal is received. When the setting
[Opt_TimeSyn] is set as PPM(DIN), the device receives PPM (pulse per minute), and when the
setting [Opt_TimeSyn] is set as PPS(DIN), the device receives PPS (pulse per second). If the
setting [Opt_TimeSyn] is set as other values, this binary input is invalid.
2.

Binary input: [BI_Print]

It is used to manually trigger printing latest report when the equipment is configured as manual
printing mode by logic setting [En_AutoPrint]=0. The printer button is located on the panel usually.
If the equipment is configured as automatic printing mode ([En_AutoPrint]=1), report will be printed
automatically as soon as it is formed.
3.

Binary input: [BI_Maintenance]

It is used to block communication export when this binary input is energized. During device
maintenance or testing, this binary input is then energized not to send reports via communication
port, local display and printing still work as usual. This binary input should be de-energized when
the device is restored back to normal.
The application of the binary input [BI_Maintenance] for digital substation communication adopting
IEC61850 protocol is given as follows.
1)

Processing mechanism for MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification) message

a)

The protection device should send the state of this binary input to client.

b) When this binary input is energized, the bit Test of quality (Q) in the sent message changes
to 1.
c) When this binary input is energized, the client cannot control the isolator link and circuit
breaker, modify settings and switch setting group remotely.
d) According to the value of the bit Test of quality (Q) in the message sent, the client
discriminate whether this message is maintenance message, and then deal with it correspondingly.
If the message is the maintenance message, the content of the message will not be displayed on
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6 Hardware

real-time message window, audio alarm not issued, but the picture is refreshed so as to ensure
that the state of the picture is in step with the actual state. The maintenance message will be
stored, and can be inquired, in independent window.
2)

Processing mechanism for GOOSE message

a) When this binary input is energized, the bit Test in the GOOSE message sent by the
protection device changes to 1.
b) For the receiving end of GOOSE message, it will compare the value of the bit Test in the
GOOSE message received by it with the state of its own binary input (i..e [BI_Maintenance]), the
message will be thought as invalid unless they are conformable.
3)

Processing mechanism for SV (Sampling Value) message

a) When this binary input of merging unit is energized, the bit Test of quality (Q) of sampling
data in the SV message sent change 1.
b) For the receiving end of SV message, if the value of bit Test of quality (Q) of sampling data
in the SV message received is 1, the relevant protection functions will be disabled, but under
maintenance state, the protection device should calculate and display the magnitude of sampling
data.
c) For duplicated protection function configurations, all merging units of control module
configured to receive sampling should be also duplicated. Both dual protection devices and dual
merging units should be fully independent each other, and one of them is in maintenance state will
not affect the normal operation of the other.
4.

Binary input: [BI_RstTarg]

It is used to reset latching signal relay and LCD displaying. The reset is done by pressing a button
on the panel.

Note!

The rated voltage of binary input is optional: 24V, 48V, 110V, 125V, 220V or 250V, which
must be specified when placed order. It is necessary to check whether the rated voltage of
BI module complies with site DC supply rating before put the relay in service.

6.3.7 BO Plug-in Module (Binary Output)


NR1521A, NR1521B and NR1521C modules are three standard binary output modules. The
contacts provided by NR1521A, NR1521B and NR1521C are all normally open (NO) contacts.
Output contact can be configured as a specified tripping output contact and a signal output contact
respectively by PCS-PC software according to user requirement.
NR1521A can provide 11 output contacts controlled by fault detector.

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6 Hardware

NR1521A
BO_01+

01

BO_01-

02

BO_02+

03

BO_02-

04

BO_03+

05

BO_03-

06

BO_04+

07

BO_04-

08

BO_05+

09

BO_05-

10

BO_06+

11

BO_06-

12

BO_07+

13

BO_07-

14

BO_08+

15

BO_08-

16

BO_09+

17

BO_09-

18

BO_10+

19

BO_10-

20

BO_11+

21

BO_11-

22

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Figure 6.3-10 View of BO plug-in module (NR1521A)

NR1521C can provide 11 output contacts without controlled by fault detector.

NR1521C
BO_01+

01

BO_01-

02

BO_02+

03

BO_02-

04

BO_03+

05

BO_03-

06

BO_04+

07

BO_04-

08

BO_05+

09

BO_05-

10

BO_06+

11

BO_06-

12

BO_07+

13

BO_07-

14

BO_08+

15

BO_08-

16

BO_09+

17

BO_09-

18

BO_10+

19

BO_10-

20

BO_11+

21

BO_11-

22

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

BO_01

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Figure 6.3-11 View of BO plug-in module (NR1521C)

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6 Hardware

6.3.8 HMI Module


The display panel consists of liquid crystal display module, keyboard, LED and ARM processor.
The functions of ARM processor include display control of the liquid crystal display module,
keyboard processing, and exchanging data with the CPU through LAN port etc. The liquid crystal
display module is a high-performance grand liquid crystal panel with soft back lighting, which has a
user-friendly interface and an extensive display range.

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7 Settings

7 Settings
Table of Contents
7.1 Communication Settings ................................................................................ 7-1
7.2 System Settings .............................................................................................. 7-5
7.3 Device Settings ............................................................................................... 7-6
7.4 Protection Settings ......................................................................................... 7-7
7.4.1 Phase Overcurrent Protection Settings (50P) ..................................................................... 7-7
7.4.2 Feeder Line End Fault Protection Settings (50FLE) ........................................................... 7-7
7.4.3 Current Differential Protection Settings (87S) ..................................................................... 7-8

Table of Tables
Table 7.1-1 Communication settings ......................................................................................... 7-1
Table 7.2-1 System settings ....................................................................................................... 7-5
Table 7.3-1 Device settings......................................................................................................... 7-6

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7 Settings

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Date:2011-08-02

7 Settings

The device has some setting groups for protection to coordinate with the mode of power system
operation, one of which is assigned to be active. However, equipment parameters are common for
all protection setting groups.
Note!
All current settings in this chapter are secondary current converted from primary current by
CT ratio.

7.1 Communication Settings


Table 7.1-1 Communication settings
No.

Item

Range

IP_LAN1

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

Mask_LAN1

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

IP_LAN2

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

Mask_LAN2

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

En_LAN2

0 or 1

IP_LAN3

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

Mask_LAN3

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

En_LAN3

0 or 1

IP_LAN4

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

10

Mask_LAN4

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

11

En_LAN4

0 or 1

12

Gateway

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

13

En_Broadcast

0 or 1

14

Addr_RS485A

0~255

15

Baud_RS485A

4800,9600,19200,38400,57600,115200 (bps)

16

Protocol_RS485A

0, 1 or 2

17

Addr_RS485B

0~255

18

Baud_RS485B

4800,9600,19200,38400,57600,115200 (bps)

19

Protocol_RS485B

0, 1 or 2

20

Threshold_Measmt

0~100%

21

Period_Measmt

0~65535s

22

Format_Measmt

0, 1

23

Baud_Printer

4800,9600,19200,38400,57600,115200 (bps)

24

En_AutoPrint

0 or 1
Conventional

25

Opt_TimeSyn

SAS
Advanced
NoTImeSyn

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Date: 2011-08-02

7 Settings
No.

Item

Range

26

IP_Server_SNTP

000.000.000.000~255.255.255.255

27

OffsetHour_UTC

-12~+12 (hrs)

28

OffsetMinute_UTC

0~60 (min)

Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupComm Settings

Setting Description

1.

IP_LAN1, IP_LAN2, IP_LAN3, IP_LAN4

IP address of Ethernet 1, Ethernet 2, Ethernet 3 and Ethernet 4


2.

Mask_LAN1, Mask_LAN2, Mask_LAN3, Mask_LAN4

Subnet mask of Ethernet 1, Ethernet 2, Ethernet 3 and Ethernet 4


3.

En_LAN2, En_LAN3, En_LAN4

Put Ethernet 2, Ethernet 3 and Ethernet 4 in service


They are used for Ethernet communication based on the IEC 60870-5-103 protocol. When the IEC
61850 protocol is applied, the IP address of Ethernet A will be GOOSE source MAC address.
Ethernet 1 is always in service by default.

4.

Gateway

Gateway of router

5.

En_Broadcast

This setting is only used only for IEC 60870-5-103 protocol. If NR network IEC 60870-5-103
protocol is used, the setting must be set as 1.
0: the device does not send UDP messages through network
1: the device sends UDP messages through network
6.

Addr_RS485A, Addr_RS485B

They are the devices communication address used to communicate with the SCADA or RTU via
serial ports (port A and port B).
7.

Baud_RS485A, Baud_RS485B

Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port A or B


8.

Protocol_RS485A, Protocol_RS485B

Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port A or B


0: IEC 60870-5-103 protocol

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Date:2011-08-02

7 Settings

1: Reserved
2: Modbus Protocol
Note!
Above table listed all the communication settings, the device delivered to the user maybe
only show some settings of them according to the communication interface configuration.
If only the Ethernet ports are applied, the settings about the serial ports (port A and port B)
are not listed in this submenu. And the settings about the Ethernet ports only listed in this
submenu according to the actual number of Ethernet ports.
The standard arrangement of the Ethernet port is two, at most four (predetermined when
ordering). Set the IP address according to actual arrangement of Ethernet numbers and
the un-useful port/ports need not be configured. If the PCS-PC configuration tool auxiliary
software is connected with this device through the Ethernet, the IP address of the PCS-PC
must be set as one of the available IP address of this device.

9.

Threshold_Measmt

Threshold value of sending measurement values to SCADA through IEC 60870-5-103 or


IEC61850 protocol.
Default value: 1%

10. Period_Measmt
The time period when the equipment sends measurement data to SCADA through IEC
60870-5-103 protocol.
Default value: 60

11. Format_Measmt
The setting is used to select the format of measurement data sent to SCADA through IEC
60870-5-103 protocol.
0: GDD data type through IEC103 protocol is 12
1: GDD data type through IEC103 protocol is 7, i.e. 754 shorth real number of IEEE standard
12. Baud_Printer
Baud rate of printer port
13. En_AutoPrint
If automatic print is required for fault report after protection operating, it is set as 1. Otherwise, it
should be set to 0.
14. Opt_TimeSyn
There are four selectons for clock synchronization of device, each selection includs different time

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7 Settings

clock synchronization signals shown in following table.

Conventional

PPS (RS-485): Pulse per second (PPS) via RS-485 differential level
IRIG-B (RS-485): IRIG-B via RS-485 differential level
PPM (DIN): Pulse per minute (PPM) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn]
PPS (DIN): Pulse per second (PPS) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn]

SAS

SNTP (PTP): Unicast (point to point) SNTP mode via Ethernet network
SNTP (BC): Broadcast SNTP mode via Ethernet network
Message (IEC103): Clock messages through IEC103 protocol

Advanced

IEEE1588: Clock message via IEEE1588


IRIG-B (Fiber): IRIG-B via optical-fibre interface
PPS (Fiber) PPS: Pulse per second (PPS) via optical-fibre interface

NoTimeSync

When no time synchronization signal is connected to the equipment, please select this option and
the alarm message [Alm_TimeSync] will not be issued anymore.
Conventional mode and SAS mode are always be supported by device, but Advanced mdoe
is only supported when NET-DSP module is equipped. The alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] may be
issued to remind user loss of time synchronization signals.
1)

When SAS is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal, the device
will not send the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn]. When Conventionalmode is slected, if there is
no conventional clock synchronization signal, SASmode will be enabled automatically with
the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

2)

When Advanced mode is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal


connected to NET-DSP moduelSASmode is enabled automatically with the alarm signal
[Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

3)

When NoTimeSyn mode is selected, the device will not send alarm signals without time
synchronization signal. But the device can be still synchronized if receiving time
synchronization signal.
Note!
The clock message via IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is invalid when the device receives the
IRIG-B signal through RCS-485 port.

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7 Settings

15. IP_Server_SNTP
It is the address of the SNTP time synchronization server which sends SNTP timing messages to
the relay or BCU.
16. OffsetHour_UTC, OffsetMinute_UTC
If the IEC61850 protocol is adopted in substations, the time tags of communication messages are
required according to UTC (Universal Time Coordinated) time.
The setting [OffsetHour_UTC] is used to set the hour offset of the current time zone to the GMT
(Greenwich Mean Time) zone; for example, if a relay is applied in China, the time zone of China is
east 8th time zone, so this setting is set as 8. The setting [OffsetMinute_UTC] is used to set the
minute offset of the current time zone to the GMT zone.
Time zone

st

GMT zone

East 1

Setting

th

Time zone

West 1

-12/12

-1

th

Time zone

East 9

West 2

rd

West 3

East 10

East 11th

10

11
th

West 4

-3

-4
th

West 5th
-5

West 6

West 7

West 8

West 9

West 10

West 11th

-6

-7

-8

-9

-10

-11

Setting

th

th

East 5
5

th

9
nd

-2
th

4
th

8
st

East/West 12

Setting

East 8

7
th

th

East 4

3
th

East 7

Setting

rd

East 3

2
th

East 6

Time zone

nd

East 2

th

7.2 System Settings


Table 7.2-1 System settings
No.

Item

Unit

Range

Active_Grp

1~10

Opt_SysFreq

50 or 60

Hz

PrimaryEquip_Name

CT1.I1n

0~9999

CT2.I1n

0~9999

CT3.I1n

0~9999

I1n_Base

0~9999

I2n_Base

1 or 5

Access Path:

MainMenuSettingsSystem Settings

Setting Description

1.

[Active_Grp]

The number of active setting group, 10 setting groups can be configured for protection settings,
and only one is active at a time.

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7 Settings

2.

PrimaryEquip_Name

It is intended to set Chinese character field codes (12 bits) or ASCII codes (last 6 bits), which can
be recognized by the device automatically. Such settings is used for printing messages.
3.

Opt_SysFreq

It is option of system frequency, and can be set as 50Hz or 60Hz.


4.

CT1.I1n

Primary rated current of CT1;


5.

CT2.I1n

Primary rated current of CT2;


6.

CT3.I1n

Primary rated current of CT3;


7.

I1n_Base

Primary calculation base current of CT, it is used for calculating the differential current;
8.

I2n_Base

Secondary calculation base rated current of CT.

7.3 Device Settings


Table 7.3-1 Device settings
No.

Item

Range

HDR_EncodeMode

GB18030, UTF-8

Opt_Caption_103

0~1

Bxx.Un_BinaryInput

24V, 48V, 110V, 220V

Access path:

MainMenuSettingsDevice SetupDevice Settings

Setting Description

1.

HDR_EncodeMode

Select encoding format of header (HDR) file COMTRADE recording file. Default value is UTF-8.
2.

Opt_Caption_103

Select the caption language sent to SAS via IEC103 protocol.


Default value is 0.
0: Local language; 1: Chinese

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7 Settings

Two logic settings to select encoding format of header file and caption language of IEC103
protocol.
Default value of [HDR_EncodeMode] is 1 (i.e. UTF-8 code) and please set it to 0(i.e. GB18030)
according to the special requirement.
Default value of [Opt_Caption_103] is 1 (i.e. Chinese), and please set it to 0 (i.e. local language) if
the SAS is supplied by China Manufacturer.
3.

Bxx.Un_BinaryInput

This setting is used to set voltage level of binary input module. If low-voltage BI module is
equipped, 24V or 48V can be set according to the actual requirement, and if high-voltage BI
module is equipped, 110V or 220V can be set according to the actual requirement.
Bxx: this plug-in module is inserted in slot Bxx.

7.4 Protection Settings


All settings of protection are based on secondary ratings of CT.

Access path:

MainMenuSettingsProt Settings

7.4.1 Phase Overcurrent Protection Settings (50P)


No.

Item

Remark

Range

50P.I_Set

Current setting of phase overcurrent element

(0.050~30.000)In (A)

50P.t_Op

Time delay of phase overcurrent element

0.000~20.000 (s)

50P.En

Enable phase overcurrent element

0 or 1

7.4.2 Feeder Line End Fault Protection Settings (50FLE)


No.

Item

50FLE1.I_Set

50FLE1.t_Op

Remark
Current setting of stage 1 of feeder line end fault
protection
Time delay of stage 1 of feeder line end fault
protection

Range
(0.050~30.000)In

0.000~20.000

Enabling or disabling stage 1 of feeder line end


3

50FLE1.En

fault protection
0: disable

0 or 1

1: enable
4

50FLE2.I_Set

50FLE2.t_Op

Current setting of stage 2 of feeder line end fault


protection
Time delay of stage 2 of feeder line end fault
protection

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

(0.050~30.000)In

0.000~20.000

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7 Settings
Enabling or disabling stage 2 of feeder line end
6

50FLE2.En

fault protection

0 or 1

0: disable
1: enable

7.4.3 Current Differential Protection Settings (87S)


No.

Item

87S.I_Biased

87S.I_Alm

87S.Slope

87S.En

Remark
Current setting of current differential protection

87S.En_CTS_Blk

(0.050~30.000)In (A)

Current setting of current differential CT alarm


element
Slope of current differential protection

0: disable; 1: enable
disabling

(0.050~30.000)In (A)
0.3~1.0

Enabling or disabling current differential protection;

Enabling or
5

Range

0 or 1

CTS blocking current

protection function;

0 or 1

0: disable; 1: enable

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8 Human Machine Interface

8 Human Machine Interface


Table of Contents
8.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 8-1
8.1.1 Keypad Operation ................................................................................................................ 8-1
8.1.2 LED Indications .................................................................................................................... 8-2
8.1.3 Front Communication Port ................................................................................................... 8-3
8.1.4 Ethernet Port Setup ............................................................................................................. 8-4

8.2 Menu Tree ........................................................................................................ 8-5


8.2.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 8-5
8.2.2 Main Menus ......................................................................................................................... 8-6
8.2.3 Sub Menus ........................................................................................................................... 8-7

8.3 LCD Display ................................................................................................... 8-17


8.3.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................ 8-17
8.3.2 Normal Display .................................................................................................................. 8-17
8.3.3 Display Disturbance Records ............................................................................................ 8-18
8.3.4 Display Supervision Event ................................................................................................. 8-19
8.3.5 Display IO Events .............................................................................................................. 8-20
8.3.6 Display Device Logs .......................................................................................................... 8-20

8.4 Keypad Operation ......................................................................................... 8-21


8.4.1 View Device Measurements .............................................................................................. 8-21
8.4.2 View Device Status ............................................................................................................ 8-22
8.4.3 View Device Records......................................................................................................... 8-22
8.4.4 Print Device Report............................................................................................................ 8-22
8.4.5 View Device Setting ........................................................................................................... 8-23
8.4.6 Modify Device Setting ........................................................................................................ 8-24
8.4.7 Copy Device Setting .......................................................................................................... 8-27
8.4.8 Switch Setting Group ......................................................................................................... 8-27

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8 Human Machine Interface

8.4.9 Delete Device Records ...................................................................................................... 8-28


8.4.10 Modify Device Clock ........................................................................................................ 8-29
8.4.11 View Module Information ................................................................................................. 8-29
8.4.12 Check Software Version .................................................................................................. 8-30
8.4.13 Communication Test ........................................................................................................ 8-30
8.4.14 Select Language .............................................................................................................. 8-31

List of Figures
Figure 8.1-1 Front panel .............................................................................................................. 8-1
Figure 8.1-2 Keypad buttons ...................................................................................................... 8-1
Figure 8.1-3 LED indications ...................................................................................................... 8-2
Figure 8.1-4 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel .................................. 8-3
Figure 8.1-5 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102C ................................................... 8-5
Figure 8.2-1 Menu tree ................................................................................................................ 8-7

List of Tables
Table 8.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable ................................................................................. 8-4
Table 8.3-1 User Operating event list ...................................................................................... 8-21

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8 Human Machine Interface

8.1 Overview
The human-machine interface consists of a human-machine interface (HMI) module which allows
a communication to be as simple as possible for the user. The HMI module helps to draw your
attention to something that has occurred which may activate a LED or a report displayed on the
LCD. Operator can locate the data of interest by navigating the keypad.

HEALTHY

11

12

ALARM

PCS-924
STUB DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

10

20

GRP

ESC

1
2

ENT

4
3

Figure 8.1-1 Front panel

The function of HMI module:


No.

Item

Description
A 320240 dot matrix backlight LCD display is visible in dim lighting

LCD

conditions. The corresponding messages are displayed when there is


operation implemented.
20 status indication LEDs, 2 LEDs are fixed as the signals of HEALTHY

LED

and ALARM, 18 configurable LEDS with selectable colour among green,


yellow and red

Keypad

Navigation keypad and command keys for full access to device

Communication port

a multiplex RJ45 port for local communication with a PC

Logo

Type and designation and manufacturer of device

8.1.1 Keypad Operation

GR
P
ENT

ESC

Figure 8.1-2 Keypad buttons

1.

ESC:

Cancel the operation

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8 Human Machine Interface

2.

3.

ENT:

Execute the operation

Confirm the interface

GRP

4.

5.

6.

Quit the current menu

Activate the switching interface of setting group

leftward and rightward direction keys ( and ):

Move the cursor horizontally

Enter the next menu or return to the previous menu

upward and downward direction keys ( and )

Move the cursor vertically

Select command menu within the same level of menu

plus and minus sign keys ( and )

Modify the value

Modify and display the message number

Page up/down

8.1.2 LED Indications


HEALTHY
ALARM

Figure 8.1-3 LED indications

A brief explanation has been made as bellow.


LED

Display
Off

HEALTHY
Steady Green

Description
When the equipment is out of service or any hardware error is defected during
self-check.
Lit when the equipment is in service and ready for operation.

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8 Human Machine Interface


LED

Display
Off

Description
When equipment in normal operating condition.

ALARM
Steady Yellow

Lit when VT circuit failure, CT circuit failure or other abnormal alarm is issued.

Note!

HEALTHY LED can only be turned on by energizing the device and no abnormality
detected.
ALARM LED is turned on when abnormalities of device occurs like above mentioned
and can be turned off after abnormalities are removed except alarm report [CTS.Alm]
which can only be reset only when the failure is removed and the device is rebooted or
re-energized.
Other LED indicators with no labels are configurable and user can configure them to be lit
by signals of operation element, alarm element and binary output contact according to
requirement through PCS-PC software.

8.1.3 Front Communication Port


There is a multiplex RJ45 port on the front panel. This port can be used as an RS-232 serial port
as well as a twisted-pair ethernet port. As shown in the following figure, a customized cable is
applied for debugging via this multiplex RJ45 port.

Figure 8.1-4 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel

In the above figure and the following table:


P1: To connect the multiplex RJ45 port. An 8-core cable is applied here.
P2: To connect the twisted-pair ethernet port of the computer.
P3: To connect the RS-232 serial port of the computer.
The definition of the 8-core cable in the above figure is introduced in the following table.

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8 Human Machine Interface


Table 8.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable
Terminal
No.

Core color

Function

Device side

Computer side

(Left)

(Right)

Orange

TX+ of the ethernet port

P1-1

P2-1

Orange & white

TX- of the ethernet port

P1-2

P2-2

Green & white

RX+ of the ethernet port

P1-3

P2-3

Blue

TXD of the RS-232 serial port

P1-4

P3-2

Brown & white

RXD of the RS-232 serial port

P1-5

P3-3

Green

RX- for the ethernet port

P1-6

P2-6

Blue & white

The ground connection of the RS-232 port.

P1-7

P3-5

8.1.4 Ethernet Port Setup


MON plug-in module is equipped with two or four 100Base-TX Ethernet interface, take NR1102C
as an example, as shown in Figure 8.1-5. Its rear view and the definition of terminals.
The Ethernet port can be used to communication with PC via auxiliary software (PCS-PC) after
connecting the protection device with PC, so as to fulfill on-line function (please refer to the
instruction manual of PCS-PC). At first, the connection between the protection device and PC
must be established. Through setting the IP address and subnet mask of corresponding Ethernet
interface in the menu SettingsDevice SetupComm Settings, it should be ensured that the
protection device and PC are in the same network segment. For example, setting the IP address
and subnet mask of network A. (using network A to connect with PC)
PC: IP address is set as 198.87.96.102, subnet mask is set as 255.255.255.0
The IP address and subnet mask of protection device should be [IP_LAN1]= 198.87.96.XXX,
[Mask_LAN1]=255.255.255.0, [En_LAN1]=1. (XXX can be any value from 0 to 255 except 102)
If the logic setting [En_LAN1] is non-available, it means that network A is always enabled.

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8 Human Machine Interface

NR1102C

ETHERNET

Network A

Network B

SYN+
SYNSGND
GND
RXD
TXD
SGND
GND

Figure 8.1-5 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102C

Note!
If using other Ethernet port, for example, Ethernet B, the logic setting [En_LAN2] must be
set as 1.

8.2 Menu Tree


8.2.1 Overview
Press of any running interface and enter the main menu. Select different submenu by and
. Enter the selected submenu by pressing ENT or . Press and return to the previous
menu. Press ESC back to main menu directly. For sake of entering the command menu again, a
command menu will be recorded in the quick menu after its execution. Five latest command
menus can be recorded in the quick menu. When five command menus are recorded, the latest
command menu will cover the earliest one, adopting the first in first out principle. It is arranged
from top to bottom and in accordance with the execution order of command menus.
Press to enter the main menu with the interface as shown in the following diagram:

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

8-5
Date: 2011-08-02

8 Human Machine Interface

MainMenu

Language
Clock
Quick Menu

For the first powered protective device, there is no record in quick menu. Press to enter the
main menu with the interface as shown in the following diagram.

Measurements
Status
Records
Settings
Print
Local Cmd
Information
Test
Clock
Language

The descriptions about menu is based on the maximized configuration, for a specific project, if
some function is not available, the corresponding submenu will hidden.

8.2.2 Main Menus


The menu of the PCS-924 is organized into main menu and submenus, much like a PC directory
structure. The menu of the PCS-924 is divided into 10 sections.

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8 Human Machine Interface


Main Menu

Measurements

Status

Records

Settings

Print

Loca Cmd

Information

Test

Clock

Language

Figure 8.2-1 Menu tree

Under the main interface, press to enter the main menu, and select submenu by pressing ,
and ENT. The command menu adopts a tree shaped content structure. The above diagram
provides the integral structure and all main menus under menu tree of the protection device.

8.2.3 Sub Menus


8.2.3.1 Measurements
Main Menu

Measurements

Measurements1
Measurements2
Measurements3

This menu is used to display real-time measured values, including AC voltage, AC current, phase
angle and calculated quantities. These data can help users to acquaint the devices status. This
menu comprises following submenus. Please refer to section measurement about the detailed
measured values.
No.
1

Item
Measurement1

Function description
Display measured values from protection calculation DSP (Displayed by

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

8-7
Date: 2011-08-02

8 Human Machine Interface


secondary value)
2

Display sampled values from fault detector DSP (Displayed by

Measurement2

secondary value)

8.2.3.2 Status
Main Menu

Status

Inputs

Contact Inputs
GOOSE Inputs

Outputs

Contact Outputs
GOOSE Outputs

Superv State

Prot Superv
FD Superv
GOOSE Superv
SV Superv

This menu is used to display real time input signals, output signals and alarm signals of the device.
These data can help users to acquaint the devices status. This menu comprises following
submenus. Please refer to section signal list about the detailed inputs, output and alarm signals.
No.

Item

Function description

Inputs

Display all input signal states

Outputs

Display all output signal states

Superv State

Display supervision alarm states

The submenu Inputs comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Contact Inputs

Display states of binary inputs derived from opto-isolated channels

GOOSE Inputs

Display states of GOOSE binary inputs.

The submenu Outputs comprises the following command menus.

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8 Human Machine Interface


No.

Item

Function description

Contact Outputs

Display states of contact binary outputs

GOOSE Outputs

Display states of GOOSE binary outputs

The submenu Superv State comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Prot Superv

Display states of self-supervision signals from protection calculation DSP

FD Superv

Display states of self-supervision signals from fault detector DSP

GOOSE Superv

Display states of GOOSE self-supervision signals

SV Superv

Display states of SV self-supervision signals

8.2.3.3 Records
Main Menu

Records

Disturb Records
Superv Events
IO Events
Device Logs
Clear_Records

This menu is used to display all kinds of records, including the disturbance records, supervision
events, binary events and device logs, so that the operator can load to view and use as the
reference of analyzing accidents and repairing the device. All records are stored in non-volatile
memory, it can still record them even if it loses its power.
This menu comprises the following submenus.
No.

Item

Function description

Disturb Records

Display disturbance records of the device

Superv Events

Display supervision events of the device

IO Events

Display binary events of the device

Device Logs

Display device logs of the device

Clear Records

Clear all recods

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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8 Human Machine Interface

8.2.3.4 Settings
Main Menu

Settings

System Settings
Prot Settings
Logic Links

Function Links
GOOSE Links
SV Links
Spare Links

Device Setup

Device Settings
Comm Settings
Label Settings

Copy Settings

This menu is used to check the device setup, system parameters, protection settings and logic
links settings, as well as modifying any of the above setting items. Moreover, it can also execute
the setting copy between different setting groups.
This menu comprises the following submenus.
No.

Item

Function description

System Settings

Check or modify the system parameters

Prot Settings

Check or modify the protection settings

Logic Links

Device Setup

Check or modify the device setup

Copy_Settings

Copy setting between different setting groups

Check or modify the logic links settings, including function links, SV links,
GOOSE links and spare links

The submenu Prot Settings includes the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

FD Settings

Check or modify fault detector element settings

Diff Settings

Check or modify current differential protection settings

OC Settings

Check or modify phase overcurrent protection settings

8-10

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8 Human Machine Interface


4

FLE Settings

Check or modify feeder line end fault protection settings

Trip Logic Settings

Check or modify trippling logic settings

The submenu Logic Links comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Function Links

Check or modify function links settings

GOOSE Links

Check or modify GOOSE links settings

SV Links

Check or modify SV links settings

Spare Links

Check or modify spare links settings (used for programmable logic)

The submenu Device Setup comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Device Settings

Check or modify the device settings.

Comm Settings

Check or modify the communication settings.

Label Settings

Check or modify the label settings of each protection element.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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8 Human Machine Interface

8.2.3.5 Print
Main Menu
Print
Device Info
Settings
System Settings
Prot Settings
Logic Links
Function Links
GOOSE Links
SV Links
Spare Links
Device Setup
Device Settings
Comm Settings
Label Settings
All Settings
Latest Modified
Disturb Records
Superv Events
IO Events
Device Statues
Waveform
IEC103 Info
Cancel Print

This menu is used to print device description, settings, all kinds of records, waveform, information
related with IEC60870-5-103 protocol, channel state and channel statistic.
This menu comprises the following submenus.
No.
1

Item
Device Info

Function description
Print the description information of the device, including software
version.

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8 Human Machine Interface


Print device setup, system parameters, protection settings and logic
2

links settings. It can print by different classifications as well as printing all

Settings

settings of the device. Besides, it can also print the latest modified
settings.

Disturb Records

Print the disturbance records

Superv Events

Print the supervision events

IO Events

Print the binary events

Device Statues

Waveform

Print the current state of the device, including the sampled value of
voltage and current, the state of binary inputs, setting and so on
Print the recorded waveform
Print 103 Protocol information, including function type (FUN),

IEC103 Info

information serial number (INF), general classification service group


number, and channel number (ACC)

Cancel Print

Cancel the print command

The submenu Settings comprises the following submenus.


No.

Item

Function description

System Settings

Print the system parameters

Prot Settings

Print the protection settings

Logic Links

Print the logic links settings

Device Setup

Print the settings related to device setup

All Settings

Latest Modified

Print all settings including device setup, system parameters, protection


settings and logic links settings
Print the setting latest modified

The submenu Prot Settings comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

FD Settings

Check or modify fault detector element settings

Diff Settings

Check or modify current differential protection settings

OC Settings

Check or modify phase overcurrent protection settings

FLE Settings

Check or modify feeder line end fault protection settings

Trip Logic Settings

Check or modify trippling logic settings

The submenu Logic Links comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Function Links

Print function links settings

GOOSE Links

Print GOOSE links settings

SV Links

Print SV links settings

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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8 Human Machine Interface


4

Spare Links

Print spare links settings (used for programmable logic)

The submenu Device Setup comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Function description

Device Settings

Print the device settings.

Comm Settings

Print the communication settings.

Label Settings

Print the label settings of each protection element.

8.2.3.6 Local Cmd


Main Menu

Local_Cmd

Reset Target
Trig Oscillograph
Download
Clear Counter

This menu is used to reset the tripping relay with latch, indicator LED, LCD display, and as same
as the resetting function of binary inputs. This menu provides a method of manually recording the
current waveform data of the device under normal condition for printing and uploading SAS.
Besides, it can send out the request of program download, clear statistic information about
GOOSE, SV and AR.
This menu comprises the following submenus.
No.

Item

Function description

Reset Target

Reset the local signal, indicator LED, LCD display and so on

Trig Oscillograph

Trigger waveform recording

Download

Send out the request of downloading program

Clear Counter

Clear all statistic data

8.2.3.7 Information
Main Menu

Information

Version Info
Board Info

In this menu, the LCD displays software information of all kinds of intelligent plug-in modules,
8-14

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8 Human Machine Interface

which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC codes and management sequence
number. Besides, plug-in module information can also be viewed.
This menu comprises the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description
Display software information of DSP module, MON module and HMI module,

Version Info

which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC codes and


management sequence number.

Board Info

Monitor the current working state of each intelligent module.

8.2.3.8 Test
Main Menu

Test

GOOSE Comm Counter


SV Comm Counter
AR Counter

Device Test

Prot Elements

All Test
Select Test

Superv Events

All Test
Select Test

IO Events

All Test
Select Test

This menu is mainly used for developers to debug the program and for engineers to maintain the
protection device. It can be used to fulfill the communication test function. It is also used to
generate all kinds of reports or events to transmit to the SAS without any external input, so as to
debug the communication on site. Besides, it can also display statistic information about GOOSE,
SV and AR.
This menu comprises the following submenus.

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

8-15
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8 Human Machine Interface


No.

Item

Function description

GOOSE Couters

Check communication statistics data of GOOSE

SV Couters

Check communication statistics data of SV (Sampled Values)

AR Couters

Check AR counters
Automatically generate all kinds of reports or events to transmit to SCADA,

Device Test

including disturbance records, self-supervision events and binary events. It can


realize the report uploading by different classification, as well as the uploading
of all kinds of reports

The submenu Device Test comprises the following submenus.


No.

Item

Protection Elements

Superv Events

IO Events

Function description
View the relevant information about disturbance records (only used for
debugging persons)
View the relevant information about supervision events (only used for
debugging persons)
View the relevant information about binary events (only used for debugging
persons)

Users can respectively execut the test automatically or manually by selecting commands All Test
or Select Test.
The submenu Prot Elements comprises the following command menus.
No.

Item

Description

All Test

Ordinal test of all protection elements

Select Test

Selective test of corresponding classification

The submenu Superv Events comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Description

All Test

Ordinal test of all self-supervisions

Select Test

Selective test of corresponding classification

The submenu IO Events comprises the following command menus.


No.

Item

Description

All Test

Ordinal test of change of all binary inputs

Select Test

Selective test of corresponding classification

8.2.3.9 Clock
The current time of internal clock can be viewed here. The time is displayed in the form
YY-MM-DD and hh:mm:ss. All values are presented with digits and can be modified.

8-16

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8.2.3.10 Language
This menu is mainly used to set LCD display language.

8.3 LCD Display


8.3.1 Overview
There are five kinds of LCD display, SLD (single line diagram) display, tripping reports, alarm
reports, binary input changing reports and control reports. Tripping reports and alarm reports will
not disappear until these reports are acknowledged by pressing the RESET button on the
protection panel (i.e. energizing the binary input [BI_RstTarg]). User can press both ENT and
ESC at the same time to switch the display among trip reports, alarm reports and the SLD display.
IO events will be displayed for 5s and then it will return to the previous display interface
automatically. Device logs will not pop up and can only be viewed by navigating the corresponding
menu.

8.3.2 Normal Display


After the protection device is powered and entered into the initiating interface, it takes 30 seconds
to complete the initialization of protection device. During the initialization of protection device, the
HEALTHY indicator lamp of the protection device goes out.
Under normal condition, the LCD will display the following. The LCD adopts white color as its
backlight that is activated if once there is any keyboard operation, and is extinguished
automatically after 60 seconds of no operation.

Ia1
Ib1
Ic1
Ia2
Ib2
Ic2
Ia3
Ib3
Ic3

2011-04-08 10:10:00
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A
0.00A

Addr 24343

Group 01

The content displayed on the screen contains: the current date and time of the protection device
(with a format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:), the active setting group number, the three-phase
current sampling value and the address relevant to IP address of Ethernet A.
If IP address of Ethernet A is xxx.xxx.a.b, the displayed address equals to (a256+b). For
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8 Human Machine Interface

example, If IP address of Ethernet A is 198.087.095.023, the displayed address will be 95


256+23=24343.
If the device has detected any abnormal state, itll display the self-check alarm information.

8.3.3 Display Disturbance Records


This device can store 1024 disturbance records and 64 disturbance records with fault waveform.
When there is protection element operating, the LCD will automatically display the latest
disturbance record, and two kinds of LCD display interfaces will be available depending on
whether there are supervision events at present.
For the situation that the disturbance records and the supervision events coexist, the upper half
part is the disturbance record, and the lower half part is the supervision event. As to the upper half
part, it displays separately the record number of the disturbance record, fault name, generating
time of the disturbance record (with a format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss), protection element and
tripping element. If there is protection element operation, faulty phase and relative operation time
with reference to fault detector element are displayed. At the same time, if displayed rows of
protection element and tripping element are more than 3, a scroll bar will appear at the right. The
height of the black part of the scroll bar basically indicates the total lines of protection element and
tripping element, and its position suggests the position of the currently displayed line of the total
lines. The scroll bar of protection element and tripping element will roll up at the speed of one line
per time. When it rolls to the last three lines, it will roll from the earliest protection element and
tripping element again. The displayed content of the lower half part is similar to that of the upper
half part.
If the device has no the supervision event, the display interface will only show the disturbance
record.
1. Disturb Records NO.2
2011-04-08 07:10:00:200
24 ms

87S.Op

If the device has the supervision event, the display interface will show the disturbance record and
the supervision event at the same time.

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8 Human Machine Interface

1. Disturb Records NO.2


2011-04-08 07:10:00:200
24 ms

87S.Op

2. Superv Events NO.3


2011-04-08 07:09:00:200
Alm_CTS1

Disturb Records NO.2

shows the title and SOE number of the disturbance record.

2011-04-08 07:10:00:200

shows the time when fault detector picks up, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond.

24ms A 87S.Op

shows operation element and its relative operation time.

8.3.4 Display Supervision Event


This device can store 1024 pieces of supervision events. During the running of the device, the
supervision event of hardware self-check errors or system running abnormity will be displayed
immediately.
2. Superv Events NO.4
2011-04-09 9:18:47:500ms
Alm_CTS1

Superv_Events NO.4

shows the SOE number and title of the supervision event

2011-04-09 09:18:47:500

shows the real time of the report: yearmonth-date and


hour:minute:second:millisecond

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Alm_CTS1 01

shows the content of abnormality alarm

8.3.5 Display IO Events


This device can store 1024 pieces of binary events. During the running of the device, the binary
input will be displayed once its state has changed, i.e. from 0 to 1 or from 1 to 0.
3. IO Events NO.4
2011-04-09 09:18:47:500ms
BI_RstTarg

IO Events NO.4

shows the number and title of the binary event

2011-04-09 09:18:47:500

shows date and time when the report occurred, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond

BI_RstTarg 01

shows the state change of binary input, including binary input


name, original state and final state

8.3.6 Display Device Logs


This device can store 1024 pieces of device logs. During the running of the device, the device log
will be displayed after any operation of it is conducted.

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4. Device Logs NO.4


2011-04-08 10:18:47:569ms
Reboot

Device Logs NO. 4

shows the title and the number of the device log

2011-04-08 10:18:47:569

shows date and time when the report occurred, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond

Reboot

shows the manipulation content of the device log

User operating information listed below may be displayed.


Table 8.3-1 User Operating event list
No.

Message

Description

Reboot

The device has been reboot.

Settings_Chg

The devices settings have been changed.

ActiveGrp_Chgd

Active setting group has been changed.

Report_Cleared

All reports have been deleted. (Device logs can not be deleted)

Waveform_Cleared

All waveforms have been deleted.

SubProcess_Exit

A Subprocess has exited.

It will be displayed on the LCD before the fault report and self-check report are confirmed. Only
pressing the restore button on the protection screen or pressing both ENT and ESC at the
same time can switch among the fault report, the self-check report and the normal running state of
protection device to display it. The binary input change report will be displayed for 5s and then it
will return to the previous display interface automatically.

8.4 Keypad Operation


8.4.1 View Device Measurements
The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Measurements menu, and then press the

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ENT or to enter the menu;


3.

Press the or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the ENT to
enter the menu;

4.

Press the or to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one display
screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most);

5.

Press the or to select pervious or next command menu;

6.

Press the ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Measurements menu);

8.4.2 View Device Status


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Status menu, and then press the ENT
or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu item, and then press the
key ENT to enter the submenu.

4.

Press the or to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one display
screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most).

5.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

6.

Press the key ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Status menu).

8.4.3 View Device Records


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Records menu, and then press the ENT or
to enter the menu;

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the ENT to
enter the menu;

4.

Press the or to page up/down;

5.

Press the or to select pervious or next record;

6.

Press the or to select pervious or next command menu;

7.

Press the ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Records menu);

8.4.4 Print Device Report


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

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2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Print menu, and then press the ENT or
to enter the menu;

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the ENT to
enter the menu;
Selecting the Disturb Records, and then press the or to select pervious or next
record. After pressing the key ENT, the LCD will display Start Printing... , and then
automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu Print). If the printer doesnt complete its
current print task and re-start it for printing, and the LCD will display Printer Busy. Press
the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Print).
Selecting the command menu Superv Events or IO Events, and then press the key or
to move the cursor. Press the or to select the starting and ending numbers of
printing message. After pressing the key ENT, the LCD will display Start Printing, and
then automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu Print). Press the key ESC to exit
this menu (returning to the menu Print).

4.

If selecting the command menu Device Info, Device Status or IEC103_Info, press the
key ENT, the LCD will display Start printing.., and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu Print).

5.

If selecting the Settings, press the key ENT or to enter the next level of menu.

6.

After entering the submenu Settings, press the key or to move the cursor, and then
press the key ENT to print the corresponding default value. If selecting any item to printing:
Press the key or to select the setting group to be printed. After pressing the key
ENT, the LCD will display Start Printing, and then automatically exit this menu (returning
to the menu Settings). Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu
Settings).

7.

After entering the submenu Waveforms, press the or to select the waveform item
to be printed and press ENT to enter. If there is no any waveform data, the LCD will display
No Waveform Data! (Before executing the command menu Waveforms, it is necessary to
execute the command menu Trig Oscillograph in the menu Local Cmd, otherwise the
LCD will display No Waveform Data!). With waveform data existing:

Press the key or to select pervious or next record. After pressing the key ENT, the LCD
will display Start Printing, and then automatically exit this menu (returning to the menu
Waveforms). If the printer does not complete its current print task and re-start it for printing, and
the LCD will display Printer Busy. Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu
Waveforms).

8.4.5 View Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press the ENT or

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to enter the menu;


3.

Press the or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the ENT to
enter the menu;

4.

Press the or to move the cursor;

5.

Press the + or - to page up/down;

6.

Press the or to select pervious or next command menu;

7.

Press the ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Settings).
Note!
If the displayed information exceeds 14 lines, the scroll bar will appear on the right side of
the LCD to indicate the quantity of all displayed information of the command menu and the
relative location of information where the current cursor points at.

8.4.6 Modify Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press the ENT or
to enter the menu;

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the ENT to
enter the menu;

4.

Press the or to move the cursor;

5.

Press the + or - to page up/down;

6.

Press the or to select pervious or next command menu;

7.

Press the ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Settings );

8.

If selecting the command menu System Settings, move the cursor to the setting item to be
modified, and then press the ENT;

Press the or to modify the value (if the modified value is of multi-bit, press the or
to move the cursor to the digit bit, and then press the or to modify the value), press the
ESC to cancel the modification and return to the displayed interface of the command menu
System Settings. Press the ENT to automatically exit this menu (returning to the displayed
interface of the command menu System Settings).
Move the cursor to continue modifying other setting items. After all setting values are modified,
press the , or ESC, and the LCD will display Save or Not?. Directly press the ESC or
press the or to move the cursor. Select the Cancle, and then press the ENT to
automatically exit this menu (returning to the displayed interface of the command menu System
Settings).
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Press the or to move the cursor. Select No and press the ENT, all modified setting item
will restore to its original value, exit this menu (returning to the menu Settings).
Press the or to move the cursor to select Yes, and then press the ENT, the LCD will
display password input interface.

Please Input Password:

____

Input a 4-bit password (, , or ). If the password is incorrect, continue inputting it,


and then press the ESC to exit the password input interface and return to the displayed interface
of the command menu System Settings. If the password is correct, LCD will display Save
Setting Now, and then exit this menu (returning to the displayed interface of the command
menu System Settings), with all modified setting items as modified values.
Note!
For different setting items, their displayed interfaces are different but their modification
methods are the same. The following is ditto.
9.

If selecting the submenu Prot Settings, and press ENT to enter. After selecting different
command menu, the LCD will display the following interface: (take 50P Settings as an
example)

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50P Settings

Please Select Group for Config


Active Group :

01

Selected Group :

02

Press the or to modify the value, and then press the ENT to enter it. Move the cursor to
the setting item to be modified, press the ENT to enter.
Take the setting [50P.I_Set] as an example is selected to modify, then press the ENT to enter and
the LCD will display the following interface. is shown the or to modify the value and then
press the ENT to confirm.

50P.I_Set

Current Value

0.200

Modified Value

0.202

Min Value

0.050

Max Value

30.000

Note!
After modifying protection settings in current active setting group or system parameters of
the device, the HEALTHY indicator lamp of the device will go out, and the device will
automatically restart and re-check them. If the check doesnt pass, the device will be
blocked.

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8.4.7 Copy Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press the ENT or
to enter the menu;

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to the command menu Copy Settings, and then
press the ENT to enter the menu.

Copy Settings
Active Group:

01

Copy To Group:

02

Press the or to modify the value. Press the ESC, and return to the menu Settings.
Press the ENT, the LCD will display the interface for password input, if the password is incorrect,
continue inputting it, press the ESC to exit the password input interface and return to the menu
Settings. If the password is correct, the LCD will display copy setting OK!, and exit this menu
(returning to the menu Settings).

8.4.8 Switch Setting Group


The operation is as follows:
1.

Exit the main menu;

2.

Press the GRP

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Change Active Group

Active Group:

01

Change To Group:

02

Press the or to modify the value, and then press the ESC to exit this menu (returning to
the main menu). After pressing the ENT, the LCD will display the password input interface. If the
password is incorrect, continue inputting it, and then press the ESC to exit the password input
interface and return to its original state. If the password is correct, the HEALTHY indicator lamp
of the protection device will go out, and the protection device will re-check the protection setting. If
the check doesnt pass, the protection device will be blocked. If the check is successful, the LCD
will return to its original state.

8.4.9 Delete Device Records


The operation is as follows:
1.

Exit the main menu;

2.

Press the , , , and ENT; Press the ESC to exit this menu (returning to the
original state). Press the ENT to carry out the deletion.

Press <ENT> To Clear


Press <ESC> To Exit

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8 Human Machine Interface

Note!
The operation of deleting device message will delete all messages saved by the protection
device, including disturbance records, supervision events, binary events, but not including
device logs. Furthermore, the message is irrecoverable after deletion, so the application of
the function shall be cautious.

8.4.10 Modify Device Clock


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Clock menu, and then press the ENT to
enter clock display

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to the date or time to be modified;

4.

Press the + or - to modify value, and then press the ENT to save the modification and
return to the main menu;

5.

Press the ESC to cancel the modification and return to the main menu.

Clock
Year

2008

Month

11

Day

28

Hour

20

Minute

59

Second

14

8.4.11 View Module Information


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Information menu, and then press the ENT
or to enter the menu;

3.

Press the or to move the cursor to the command menu Board Info, and then press
the ENT to enter the menu;

4.

Press the or to move the scroll bar;

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5.

Press the ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Information menu).

8.4.12 Check Software Version


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the or to move the cursor to the Information menu, and then press the ENT
to enter the submenu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Version Info, and then
press the key ENT to display the software version.

4.

Press the ESC to return to the main menu.

8.4.13 Communication Test


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Test menu, and then press the key
ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the submenu Device Test, and then press
the key ENT to enter the submenu,to select test item. If Prot Elements Superv Events
or IO Events is selected, two options All Test and Select Test are provided.

Prot Element
All Test
Select Test

4.

Press the key or to move the cursor to select the corresponding command menu All
Test or Select Test. If selecting the All Test, press the ENT, and the device will
successively carry out all operation element message test one by one.

5.

If Select Test is selected, press the key ENT. Press the or to page up/down, and
then press the key or to move the scroll bar. Move the cursor to select the
corresponding protection element. Press the key ENT to execute the communication test of

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8 Human Machine Interface

this protection element, the substation automatic system (SAS) will receive the corresponding
message.
Note!
If no input operation is carried out within 60s, exit the communication transmission and
return to the Test menu, at this moment, the LCD will display Communication Test
Timeout and Exiting....
Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu TEST, at this moment, the LCD will
display Communication Test Exiting.

8.4.14 Select Language


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Language, and then
press the key ENT to enter the menu and the following display will be shown on LCD.

Please Select Language:

3.

English

Press the key or to move the cursor to the language user preferred and press the key
ENT to execute language switching. After language switching is finished, LCD will return
to the menu Language, and the display language is changed. Otherwise, press the key
ESC to cancel language switching and return to the menu Language.
Note!
LCD interface provided in this chapter is only a reference and available for explaining
specific definition of LCD. The displayed interface of the actual device may be some
different from it, so you shall be subject to the actual protection device.

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9 Configurable Function

9 Configurable Function
Table of Contents
9.1 General Description ........................................................................................ 9-1
9.2 Introduction on PCS-PC software .................................................................. 9-1
9.3 Protective Device Configuration .................................................................... 9-1
9.3.1 Configuration of LED Indicators........................................................................................... 9-1
9.3.2 Configuration of Binary Input ............................................................................................... 9-2
9.3.3 Configuration of Binary Output ............................................................................................ 9-3
9.3.4 Setting Configuration ........................................................................................................... 9-4

9.4 Signal List ........................................................................................................ 9-4


9.4.1 Input Signal .......................................................................................................................... 9-4
9.4.2 Output Signal ....................................................................................................................... 9-5

List of Tables
Table 9.4-1 Input signal ............................................................................................................... 9-4
Table 9.4-2 Output signal ............................................................................................................ 9-5

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9 Configurable Function

9.1 General Description


By adoption of PCS-PC software, it is able to make system configuration, function configuration,
binary input and binary output configuration, LED indicator configuration and programming logic
for PCS-924.

9.2 Introduction on PCS-PC software


PCS-PC software is developed in order to meet customers demand on functions of UAPC
platform device such as device configuration and programmable design. It selects substation as
the core of data management and the device as fundamental unit, supporting one substation to
govern many devices. The software provides on-line and off-line functions: on-line mode: Ethernet
connected with the device supporting IEC60870-5-103 and capable of uploading and downloading
configuration files through Ethernet net; off-line mode: off-line setting configuration. In addition, it
also supports programmable logic to meet customers demand. Please refer to Instruction
Manual of PCS-PC Auxiliary Software for details.
Overall functions:

Programmable logic (off-line function)

LED indicators configuration (off-line function)

Binary signals configuration (off-line function)

Setting configuration (off-line & on-line function)

Real-time display of analogue and digital quantity of device (on-line function)

Display of sequence of report (SOE) (on-line function)

Analysis of waveform (off-line & on-line function)

File downloading/uploading (on-line function)

9.3 Protective Device Configuration


9.3.1 Configuration of LED Indicators
1. This protection device provides 20 LED indicators, 2 LED indicators are defined as,
HEALTHY LED and ALARM LED, the rest 18 LEDs can be configured by users as
required.
2. The column

in the right hand side of PCS_PC software/Binary

signal config/LED_indicator_configuration provides elements including protection elements,


alarm elements and binary input elements for LEDs.
3. Latched check boxes with the LEDS are available. When a check box is selected, the
respective LED could only be reset by energizing [BI_RstTarg] once it is lit. If the check box is
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9 Configurable Function

not selected, the signals will reset automatically once the trigger signal resets.
4. The column

is used to choose color for each LED. yellow, green and red are

provided to choose from.


5. If the LED_5 is used to indicate the device ready for AR of CB1, configure it as the following
picture.
6. The label of the LED_5 can be edited by double-click it.
7. The signal in the column of Signal can be deleted by right-click, and then left-click to execute
delete command.

9.3.2 Configuration of Binary Input


1. Pin number of user-defined binary input on module is provided by the column

on the left of the interface.


2. The next step is to set delay pick up and drop off time in the columns of

and

(unit: ms) respectively for individual binary inputs.

3. The column

at the right hand side of the screen is a

list of functions available for selection to individual binary inputs. They can be directly dragged
from the list to assigned binary input.
4. The signal in the column of Int. Signal can be deleted by right-click, and then left-click to
execute delete command.
5. The displayed content of the column

can be modified according to users

requirement.
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9 Configurable Function

9.3.3 Configuration of Binary Output


1. The function is applied for configuration of binary outputs of BO modules (NR1521) of the
protective device. There are up to 44 configurable binary output contacts.
2. Elements in the column

at the right hand side of the screen

can be dragged to point to a or several binary output contacts. The optional signals include:
Trip Elements, Alarm, Binary Change and Other Type (Reserved or spare).
3. For example, the contact

is intended for closing CB1, the

corresponding output signal in the right tree structure is then dragged to the position at the
crossing of column Int. Signal and row Board11_Pin07-08.
4. The signal added in the column of Int. Signal can be deleted by right-click, and then left-click
to execute delete command.
5. The displayed content of the column

can be modified according to users

requirement.

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9 Configurable Function

9.3.4 Setting Configuration


After function configuration is finished, disabled protective function is hidden in device and in
setting configuration list of PCS-PC software.
Users can configure the equipment parameters, system settings and etc.
Users can select to show or hide some setting, and modify typical setting values

9.4 Signal List


9.4.1 Input Signal
All input signal for this device are listed in the following table (The value of any signal not
configured retains the default value).
Table 9.4-1 Input signal
No.

Item

Default Value

Description

Feeder line disconnector Position


1

89b_DS

Normally closed auxiliary contact of feeder line disconnector


Phase Overcurrent Protection

50P.En1

50P.En2

Phase overcurrent protection enabling input 1, it can be binary


inputs or logic links.
Phase overcurrent protection enabling input 2, it can be binary
inputs or logic link.
Phase overcurrent protection blocking input, such as function

50P.Blk

blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, phase overcurrent protection is reset and

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9 Configurable Function
time delay is cleared.
Feeder Line End Fault Protection
5

50FLEx.En1

50FLEx.En2

Stage x of feeder line end fault protection enabling input 1, it


can be binary inputs or logic links.
Stage x of feeder line end fault protection enabling input 2, it
can be binary inputs or logic link.
Stage x of feeder line end fault protection blocking input, such

50FLEx.Blk

as function blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, feeder line end fault protection is reset and
time delay is cleared.
Current Differential Protection

87S.En1

87S.En2

Current differential protection enabling input 1, it can be binary


inputs or logic links.
Current differential protection enabling input 2, it can be binary
inputs or logic link.
Current differential protection blocking input, such as function

10

87S.Blk

blocking binary input.


When the input is 1, current differential protection is reset and
time delay is cleared.

9.4.2 Output Signal


All output signal for this device have been listed in the following table.
Table 9.4-2 Output signal
No.

Signal

Description
Phase Overcurrent Protection

50P.Op

Operation signal of phase overcurrent protection

50P.St

Pickup signal of phase overcurrent protection


Feeder Line End Fault Protection

50FLEx.St

Operation signal of stage x of feeder line end fault protection

50FLEx.Op

Pickup signal of stage x of feeder line end fault protection


Current Differential Protection

87S.Op

Operation signal of current differential protection

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10 Communications
Table of Contents
10.1 Overview ...................................................................................................... 10-1
10.2 Rear Communication Port Information ..................................................... 10-1
10.2.1 RS-485 Interface.............................................................................................................. 10-1
10.2.2 Ethernet Interface ............................................................................................................ 10-3
10.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication .................................................................................... 10-4

10.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port ................................................ 10-4


10.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer ............................................................................... 10-4
10.3.2 Initialization ...................................................................................................................... 10-4
10.3.1 Time Synchronization ...................................................................................................... 10-5
10.3.2 Spontaneous Events ........................................................................................................ 10-5
10.3.3 General Interrogation ....................................................................................................... 10-5
10.3.4 General Service ............................................................................................................... 10-5
10.3.5 Disturbance Records ....................................................................................................... 10-6

10.4 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol .......................................... 10-6


10.4.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 10-6
10.4.2 Communication Profiles ................................................................................................... 10-7
10.4.3 MMS Communication Network Deployment ................................................................... 10-7
10.4.4 Server Data Organization ...............................................................................................10-11
10.4.5 Server Features and Configuration ............................................................................... 10-13
10.4.6 ACSI Conformance ........................................................................................................ 10-15
10.4.7 Logical Nodes ................................................................................................................ 10-18

10.5 DNP3.0 Interface........................................................................................ 10-21


10.5.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 10-21
10.5.2 Link Layer Functions...................................................................................................... 10-21
10.5.3 Transport Functions ....................................................................................................... 10-21

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10.5.4 Application Layer Functions........................................................................................... 10-21

List of Figures
Figure 10.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements ..................................................... 10-2
Figure 10.2-2 Ethernet communication cable ........................................................................ 10-3
Figure 10.2-3 Ethernet communication structure .................................................................. 10-3
Figure 10.4-1 Dual-net full duplex mode sharing the RCB block instance ......................... 10-8
Figure 10.4-2 Dual-net hot-standby mode sharing the same RCB instance ....................... 10-9
Figure 10.4-3 Dual-net full duplex mode with 2 independent RCB instances .................. 10-10

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10.1 Overview
This section outlines the remote communications interfaces of NR Relays. The protective device
supports a choice of three protocols via the rear communication interface (RS-485 or Ethernet),
selected via the model number by setting. The protocol provided by the protective device is
indicated in the menu SettingsDevice SetupComm Settings.
The rear EIA RS-485 interface is isolated and is suitable for permanent connection of whichever
protocol is selected. The advantage of this type of connection is that up to 32 protective devices
can be daisy chained together using a simple twisted pair electrical connection.
It should be noted that the descriptions in this section do not aim to fully introduce the protocol
itself. The relevant documentation for the protocol should be referred for this information. This
section serves to describe the specific implementation of the protocol in the relay.

10.2 Rear Communication Port Information


10.2.1 RS-485 Interface
This protective device provides two rear RS-485 communication ports, and each port has three
terminals in the 12-terminal screw connector located on the back of the relay and each port has a
ground terminal for earth shield of communication cable. The rear ports provide RS-485 serial data
communication and are intended for use with a permanently wired connection to a remote control
center.
10.2.1.1 EIA RS-485 Standardized Bus
The EIA RS-485 two-wire connection provides a half-duplex fully isolated serial connection to the
product. The connection is polarized and whilst the products connection diagrams indicate the
polarization of the connection terminals it should be borne in mind that there is no agreed
definition of which terminal is which. If the master is unable to communicate with the product, and
the communication parameters match, then it is possible that the two-wire connection is reversed.
10.2.1.2 Bus Termination
The EIA RS-485 bus must have 120 (Ohm) Watt terminating resistors fitted at either end
across the signal wires (refer to Figure 10.2-1). Some devices may be able to provide the bus
terminating resistors by different connection or configuration arrangements, in which case
separate external components will not be required. However, this product does not provide such a
facility, so an external termination resistor is required when it is located at the bus terminus.

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10 Communications

120 Ohm

120 Ohm

Slave

Slave

Slave

Figure 10.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements

10.2.1.3 Bus Connections & Topologies


The EIA RS-485 standard requires that each device is directly connected to the physical cable i.e.
the communications bus. Stubs and tees are strictly forbidden, such as star topologies. Loop bus
topologies are not part of the EIA RS-485 standard and are forbidden also.
Two-core screened cable is recommended. The specification of the cable will be dependent on the
application, although a multi-strand 0.5mm 2 per core is normally adequate. Total cable length must
not exceed 500m. The screen must be continuous and connected to ground at one end, normally
at the master connection point; it is important to avoid circulating currents, especially when the
cable runs between buildings, for both safety and noise reasons.
This product does not provide a signal ground connection. If a signal ground connection is present
in the bus cable then it must be ignored, although it must have continuity for the benefit of other
devices connected to the bus. The signal ground shall not be connected to the cables screen or to
the products chassis at any stage. This is for both safety and noise reasons.
10.2.1.4 Biasing
It may also be necessary to bias the signal wires to prevent jabber. Jabber occurs when the signal
level has an indeterminate state due to inactively driven of tubs. This can occur when all the slaves
are in receive mode and the master unit is slow to turn from receive mode to transmit mode. The
reason is that the master purposefully waits in receive mode, or even in a high impedance state,
until it has something to transmit. Jabber can result in the loss of first bits of the first character in
the packet for receiving device(s), which will lead to the rejection of messages for slave units,
causing non-responding between master unit and slave unit. This could brings poor response
times (due to retries), increase in message error counters, erratic communications, and even a
complete failure to communicate.
Biasing requires that the signal lines shall be weakly pulled to a defined voltage level of about 1V.
There should be only one bias point on the bus, which is best situated at the master connection
point. The DC source used for the bias must be clean; otherwise noise will be injected. Please
note that some devices may (optionally) be able to provide the bus bias that the external
components will not be required.
NOTE!
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It is extremely important that the 120 termination resistors are fitted. Failure to do so will
result in an excessive bias voltage that may damage the devices connected to the bus.
As the field voltage is much higher than that required, NR cannot assume responsibility for
any damage that may occur to a device connected to the network as a result of incorrect
application of this voltage.
Ensure that the field voltage is not being used for other purposes (i.e. powering logic inputs)
as this may cause noise to be passed to the communication network.

10.2.2 Ethernet Interface


This protective device can provide four rear Ethernet interfaces (optional) and they are unattached
to each other. Parameters of each Ethernet port can be configured in the menu
SettingsDevice SetupComm Settings.
10.2.2.1 Ethernet Standardized Communication Cable
It is recommended to use twisted screened eight-core cable as the communication cable. A picture
is shown bellow.

Figure 10.2-2 Ethernet communication cable

10.2.2.2 Connections and Topologies


Each device is connected with an exchanger via communication cable, and thereby it forms a star
structure network. Dual-network is recommended in order to increase reliability. SCADA is also
connected to the exchanger acting as the master station, and every device which has been
connected to the exchanger will act as a slave unit.

SCADA

Switch: Net A
Switch: Net B

Figure 10.2-3 Ethernet communication structure

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10.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication


The IEC specification IEC60870-5-103: Telecontrol Equipment and Systems, Part 5: Transmission
Protocols Section 103 defines the use of standards IEC60870-5-1 to IEC60870-5-5 to perform
communication with protective device. The standard configuration of IEC60870-5-103 protocol is
using a twisted pair EIA RS-485 connection over distances up to 500m. It also supports an
Ethernet for communication between devices. The relay operates as a slave unit in the system to
respond commands received from master station.
To use the rear port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the relevant settings of the protective
device must be configured by using keypad and LCD user interface. In the submenu Comm
Settings, set the parameters [Protocol_RS485A], [Protocol_RS485B] and [Baud_RS485]. To use
the Ethernet port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the IP address and the submask of each
Ethernet port shall be set in the same submenu. Please refer to the corresponding section in
Chapter Settings for further details.

10.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port


The IEC60870-5-103 interface over serial port (RS-485) is a master/slave interface and the
protective device is the slave device.
The protective device conforms to compatibility level 3.
The following IEC60870-5-103 facilities are supported by this interface:

Initialization (reset)

Time synchronization

Event record extraction

General interrogation

General commands

Disturbance records

10.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer


Two EIA RS-485 standardized ports are available for IEC60870-5-103 in this protective device.
The transmission speed is optional: 4800 bit/s, 9600 bit/s, 19200 bit/s or 38400 bit/s.
The link layer strictly abides by the rules defined in the IEC60870-5-103.

10.3.2 Initialization
When the protective device is powered up, or the communication parameters are changed, a reset
command is required to initialize the communications. The protective device will respond to either
of the two reset commands (Reset CU or Reset FCB), the difference is that the Reset CU will clear
any unsent messages in the transmit buffer.
The protective device will respond to the reset command with an identification message ASDU 5,
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the COT (Cause Of Transmission) of this response will be either Reset CU or Reset FCB
depending on the nature of the reset command.

10.3.1 Time Synchronization


The time and date of protective device can be set by time synchronization feature of the
IEC60870-5-103 protocol. The transmission delay as specified in IEC60870-5-103 will be
corrected in the protective device. If the time synchronization message is sent as a send/confirm
message, then the protective device will respond with a confirmation. Whether the
time-synchronization message is sent as a send confirmation or a broadcast (send/no reply)
message, a time synchronization class 1 event will be generated/produced.
If the protective device clock is synchronized using the IRIG-B input, the protection device will not
be able to set the time using the IEC60870-5-103 interface. For attempt to set the time via the
interface, the protective device will create an event with the date and time taken from the IRIG-B
synchronized internal clock.

10.3.2 Spontaneous Events


Events are categorized by the following information:

Type identification (TYP)

Function type (FUN)

Information number (INF)

Messages sent to substation automation system are grouped according to IEC60870-5-103


protocol. Operation elements are sent by ASDU2 (time-tagged message with relative time), and
status of binary signal and alarm element are sent by ASDU1 (time-tagged message). The cause
of transmission (COT) of these responses is 1.
The complete list of all events produced by the protective device can be printed by choosing the
submenu IEC103 Info in the menu Print.

10.3.3 General Interrogation


The GI can be used to read the status of the relay, the function numbers, and information numbers
that will be returned during the GI cycle. The GI cycle strictly abides by the rules defined in the
IEC60870-5-103.
Refer the IEC60870-5-103 standard can get the enough details about general interrogation.

10.3.4 General Service


The general functions can be used to read the setting and protection measurement of the device,
and modify the setting. Two supported type identifications are ASDU 21 and ASDU 10. For more
details about generic functions, please see the IEC60870-5-103 standard.
Generic service group numbers supported by the relay can be printed by the submenu IEC103
Info in the menu Print.

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10.3.5 Disturbance Records


This protective device can store up to 64 disturbance records in its memory. Pickup of fault
detector or operation of relay will be stored as disturbance recorders in the protective device.
The disturbance records are stored in uncompressed format and can be extracted using the
standard mechanisms described in IEC60870-5-103.
All channel numbers (ACC) of disturbance data can be gained by printing, implementing submenu
IEC103 Info in the menu Print.

10.4 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol


10.4.1 Overview
The IEC 61850 standard is the result of years of work by electric utilities and vendors of electronic
device to produce standardized communications systems. IEC 61850 is a series of standards
describing client/server and peer-to-peer communications, substation design and configuration,
testing, environmental and project standards. The complete set includes:

IEC 61850-1: Introduction and overview

IEC 61850-2: Glossary

IEC 61850-3: General requirements

IEC 61850-4: System and project management

IEC 61850-5: Communications and requirements for functions and device models

IEC 61850-6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical substations


related to IEDs

IEC 61850-7-1: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder device - Principles
and models

IEC 61850-7-2: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder device - Abstract
communication service interface (ACSI)

IEC 61850-7-3: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder device Common
data classes

IEC 61850-7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder device Compatible
logical node classes and data classes

IEC 61850-8-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Mappings to MMS (ISO
9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC 8802-3

IEC 61850-9-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over
serial unidirectional multidrop point to point link

IEC 61850-9-2: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over

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ISO/IEC 8802-3

IEC 61850-10: Conformance testing

These documents can be obtained from the IEC (http://www.iec.ch). It is strongly recommended
that all those involved with any IEC 61850 implementation obtain this document set.

10.4.2 Communication Profiles


The PCS-900 series relay supports IEC 61850 server services over TCP/IP communication
protocol stacks. The TCP/IP profile requires the PCS-900 series to have an IP address to establish
communications. These addresses are located in the menu SettingsDevice SetupComm
Settings.
1.

MMS protocol

IEC 61850 specifies the use of the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) at the upper
(application) layer for transfer of real-time data. This protocol has been in existence for a number
of years and provides a set of services suitable for the transfer of data within a substation LAN
environment. IEC 61850-7-2 abstract services and objects are mapped to actual MMS protocol
services in IEC61850-8-1.
2.

Client/server

This is a connection-oriented type of communication. The connection is initiated by the client, and
communication activity is controlled by the client. IEC61850 clients are often substation computers
running HMI programs or SOE logging software. Servers are usually substation equipment such
as protection relays, meters, RTUs, transformer, tap changers, or bay controllers.
3.

Peer-to-peer

This is a non-connection-oriented, high speed type of communication usually between substation


equipment, such as protection relays, intelligent terminal. GOOSE is the method of peer-to-peer
communication.
4.

Substation configuration language (SCL)

A substation configuration language is a number of files used to describe IED and communication
system realized according to IEC 61850-5 and IEC 61850-7. Each configured device has an IED
Capability Description (ICD) file and a Configured IED Description (CID) file. The substation single
line information is stored in a System Specification Description (SSD) file. The entire substation
configuration is stored in a Substation Configuration Description (SCD) file. The SCD file is the
combination of the individual ICD files and the SSD file, moreover, add communication system
parameters (MMS, GOOSE, control block, SV control block) and the connection relationship of
GOOSE and SV to SCD file.

10.4.3 MMS Communication Network Deployment


To enhance the stability and reliability of SAS, dual-MMS Ethernet is widely adopted. This section
is applied to introduce the details of dual-MMS Ethernet technology. Generally, single-MMS

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Ethernet is recommended to be adopted in the SAS of 110kV and lower voltage levels, while
dual-MMS Ethernet is recommended to be adopted in the SAS of voltage levels above 110kV.
Client-server mode is adopted: clients (SCADA, control center and etc.) communicate with the
IEDs via MMS communication network, and the IEDs operate as the servers. IEDs are connected
to clients passively, and they can interact with the clients according to the configuration and the
issued command of the clients.
Three modes for dual-MMS Ethernet (abbreviated as dual-net) are provided as below.
NOTE!
Hereinafter, the normal operation status of net means the physical link and TCP link are
both ok. The abnormal operation status of net means physical link or TCP link is broken.
1)

Mode 1: Dual-net full duplex mode sharing the same RCB instance

Client

Client

Net B

Net A

Net B

Net A

Report Instance 1

Report Instance 1

RptEna = true

RptEna = true

Report Control Block

Report Control Block

IED (Server)

IED (Server)

Normal operation status

Abnormal operation status


TCP Link
MMS Link

Figure 10.4-1 Dual-net full duplex mode sharing the RCB block instance

Net A and Net B share the same report control block (abbreviated as RCB) enabled by the client.
IED sends undifferentiated date through dual-net to the clients. If one net is physically
disconnected, the flag of RCB instance (i.e.: RptEna in above figure) is still true. Only when
both Net A and Net B are disconnected, the flag of the RCB instance will automatically change to
false.
In normal operation status of mode 1, IED provides the same MMS service for Net A and Net B. If
one net is physically disconnected (i.e.: Abnormal operation status in above figure), the working
mode will switch to single-net mode seamlessly and immediately. Network communication
supervision is unnecessary here, and Buffered Report Control Block (abbreviated as BRCB) need
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not to be used. On the other net, date alternation works normally. Therefore, MMS service can
interact normally without interruption. This mode ensures no data loss during one net is in
abnormal operation status.
In mode 1, one report will be transmitted twice via dual nets for the same report instance, so the
client needs to distinguish whether two reports are same according to corresponding EntryIDs.
2)

Mode 2: Dual-net hot-standby mode sharing the same RCB instance

Client

Client

Net B

Net A

Net B

Net A

Report Instance 1

Report Instance 1

RptEna = true

RptEna = true

Report Control Block

Report Control Block

IED (Server)

IED (Server)

Normal operation status

Abnormal operation status


TCP Link
Main MMS Link
Standby MMS Link

Figure 10.4-2 Dual-net hot-standby mode sharing the same RCB instance

In mode 2, the MMS service is provided on main MMS link, no MMS service interacts on the
standby MMS link. The definitions of two links are as follows:

Main MMS Link: Physically connected, TCP level connected, MMS report service available.

Standby MMS Link: Physically connected, TCP level connected, MMS report service not
available.

If the main net fails to operate (i.e.: Abnormal operation status in the above figure), the IED will
set RptEna to false. Meanwhile the client will detect the failure by heartbeat message or
keep-alive, it will automatically enable the RCB instance by setting RptEna back to true
through standby MMS link. By the buffer function of BRCB, the IED can provide uninterrupted
MMS service on the standby net. However, the differences of BRCB standards among different
manufacturers may cause data loss. Moreover, if duration of net switch is too long, the data loss is
positively as the capacity of BRCBs buffer function is limited.

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NOTE!
In mode 1 and mode 2, Net A IED host address and Net B IED host address must be the
same. E.g.: if the subnet mask is 255.255.0.0, network prefix of Net A is 198.120.0.0,
network prefix of Net B is 198.121.0.0, Net A IP address of the IED is 198.120.1.2, and
then Net B IP address of the IED must be configured as 198.121.1.2, i.e.: Net A IED host
address =1x256+2=258, Net B IED host address =1x256+2=258, Net A IED host address
equals to Net B IED host address.
3)

Mode 3: Dual-net full duplex mode with 2 independent RCB instances

Client

Client

Net B

Net A

Net B

Net A

Report Instance 1

Report Instance 2

Report Instance 1

Report Instance 2

RptEna = true

RptEna = true

RptEna = false

RptEna = true

Report Control Block

Report Control Block

IED (Server)

IED (Server)

TCP Link
MMS Link

Figure 10.4-3 Dual-net full duplex mode with 2 independent RCB instances

In mode 3, IED provides 2 report instances for each RCB, Net A and Net B work independently
from each other, failures of one net will not affect the other net at all.
In this mode, 2 report instances are required for each client. Therefore, the IED may be unable to
provide enough report instances if there are too many clients.
Net A and Net B send the same report separately when they operates normally, To ensure no
repeated data is saved into database, massive calculation is required for the client.
Moreover, accurate clock synchronization of the IED is required to distinguish whether 2 reports
are the same report according to the timestamps. Clock synchronization error of the IED may lead
to report loss/redundancy.
As a conclusion:
In mode 2, its difficult to realize seamless switchover between dual nets;

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In mode 3, the IED may be unable to provide enough report instances if too many clients are
applied on site.
For the consideration of client treatment and IED implementation, mode 1 (Dual-net full duplex
mode sharing the same report instance) is recommended for MMS communication network
deployment.

10.4.4 Server Data Organization


IEC61850 defines an object-oriented approach to data and services. An IEC61850 physical device
can contain one or more logical device(s) (for proxy). Each logical device can contain many logical
nodes. Each logical node can contain many data objects. Each data object is composed of data
attributes and data attribute components. Services are available at each level for performing
various functions, such as reading, writing, control commands, and reporting.
Each IED represents one IEC61850 physical device. The physical device contains one or more
logical device(s), and the logical device contains many logical nodes. The logical node LPHD
contains information about the IED physical device. The logical node LLN0 contains common
information about the IED logical device.
10.4.4.1 Digital Status Values
The GGIO logical node is available in the PCS-900 series relays to provide access to digital status
points (including general I/O inputs and warnings) and associated timestamps and quality flags.
The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO provides digital status
points for access by clients. It is intended that clients use GGIO in order to access digital status
values from the PCS-900 series relays. Clients can utilize the IEC61850 buffered reporting
features available from GGIO in order to build sequence of events (SOE) logs and HMI display
screens. Buffered reporting should generally be used for SOE logs since the buffering capability
reduces the chances of missing data state changes. All needed status data objects are transmitted
to HMI clients via buffered reporting, and the corresponding buffered reporting control block
(BRCB) is defined in LLN0.
10.4.4.2 Analog Values
Most of analog measured values are available through the MMXU logical nodes, and metering
values in MMTR, the else in MMXN, MSQI and so on. Each MMXU logical node provides data
from a IED current/voltage source. There is one MMXU available for each configurable source.
MMXU1 provides data from CT/VT source 1(usually for protection purpose), and MMXU2 provides
data from CT/VT source 2 (usually for monitor and display purpose). All these analog data objects
are transmitted to HMI clients via unbuffered reporting periodically, and the corresponding
unbuffered reporting control block (URCB) is defined in LLN0. MMXUx logical nodes provide the
following data for each source:

MMXU.MX.Hz: frequency

MMXU.MX.PPV.phsAB: phase AB voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PPV.phsBC: phase BC voltage magnitude and angle

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MMXU.MX.PPV.phsCA: Phase CA voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsA: phase AG voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsB: phase BG voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsC: phase CG voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsA: phase A current magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsB: phase B current magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsC: phase C current magnitude and angle

10.4.4.3 Protection Logical Nodes


The following list describes the protection elements for PCS-924 series relays. The specified relay
will contain a subset of protection elements from this list.

PPDP: Pole discrepancy

PTOC: Phase overcurrent, earth fault overcurrent

PSCH: Protection scheme

RBRF:Breaker failure

RREC: Automatic reclosing

RSYN: Synchronism-check

The protection elements listed above contain start (pickup) and operate flags, instead of any
element has its own start (pickup) flag separately, all the elements share a common start (pickup)
flags PTRC.ST.Str.general. The operate flag for PTOC1 is PTOC1.ST.Op.general. For
PCS-924 series relays protection elements, these flags take their values from related module for
the corresponding element. Similar to digital status values, the protection trip information is
reported via BRCB, and BRCB also locates in LLN0.
10.4.4.4 LLN0 and Other Logical Nodes
Logical node LLN0 is essential for an IEC61850 based IED. This LN shall be used to address
common issues for Logical Devices. Most of the public services, the common settings, control
values and some device oriented data objects are available here. The public services may be
BRCB, URCB and GSE control blocks and similar global defines for the whole device; the
common settings include all the setting items of communication settings. System settings and
some of the protection setting items, which can be configured to two or more protection elements
(logical nodes). In LLN0, the item Loc is a device control object, this Do item indicates the local
operation for complete logical device, when it is true, all the remote control commands to the IED
will be blocked and those commands make effective until the item Loc is changed to false. In
PCS-900 series relays, besides the logical nodes we describe above, there are some other logical
nodes below in the IEDs:

MMXU: This LN shall be used to acquire values from CTs and VTs and calculate measurands

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such as r.m.s. values for current and voltage or power flows out of the acquired voltage and
current samples. These values are normally used for operational purposes such as power
flow supervision and management, screen displays, state estimation, etc. The requested
accuracy for these functions has to be provided.

LPHD: Physical device information, the logical node to model common issues for physical
device.
PTRC: Protection trip conditioning, it shall be used to connect the operate outputs of one or
more protection functions to a common trip to be transmitted to XCBR. In addition or
alternatively, any combination of operate outputs of protection functions may be combined to
a new operate of PTRC.

RDRE: Disturbance recorder function. It triggers fault wave recorder and its output refers to
the IEEE Standard Format for Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) for Power System
(IEC 60255-24). All enabled channels are included in the recording and independent of the
trigger mode.

10.4.5 Server Features and Configuration


10.4.5.1 Buffered/unbuffered Reporting
IEC61850 buffered and unbuffered reporting control blocks are located in LLN0, they can be
configured to transmit information of protection trip information (in the Protection logical nodes),
binary status values (in GGIO) and analog measured/calculated values (in MMXU, MMTR and
MSQI). The reporting control blocks can be configured in CID files, and then be sent to the IED via
an IEC61850 client. The following items can be configured.

TrgOps: Trigger options.

The following bits are supported by the PCS-900 series relays:


Bit 1: Data-change
Bit 4: Integrity
Bit 5: General interrogation

OptFlds: Option Fields.

The following bits are supported by the PCS-900 series relays:


Bit 1: Sequence-number
Bit 2: Report-time-stamp
Bit 3: Reason-for-inclusion
Bit 4: Data-set-name
Bit 5: Data-reference
Bit 6: Buffer-overflow (for buffered reports only)

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Bit 7: EntryID (for buffered reports only)


Bit 8: Conf-revision
Bit 9: Segmentation

IntgPd: Integrity period.

BufTm: Buffer time.

10.4.5.2 File Transfer


MMS file services are supported to allow transfer of oscillography, event record or other files from
a PCS-900 series relay.
10.4.5.3 Timestamps
The Universal Time Coordinated(UTC for short) timestamp associated with all IEC61850 data
items represents the lastest change time of either the value or quality flags of the data item.
10.4.5.4 Logical Node Name Prefixes
IEC61850 specifies that each logical node can have a name with a total length of 11 characters.
The name is composed of:

A five or six-character name prefix.

A four-character standard name (for example, MMXU, GGIO, PIOC, etc.).

A one or two-character instantiation index.

Complete names are of the form xxxxxxPTOC1, where the xxxxxx character string is configurable.
Details regarding the logical node naming rules are given in IEC61850 parts 6 and 7-2. It is
recommended that a consistent naming convention be used for an entire substation project.
10.4.5.5 GOOSE Services
IEC61850 specifies the type of broadcast data transfer services: Generic Object Oriented
Substation Events (GOOSE). IEC61850 GOOSE services provide virtual LAN (VLAN) support,
Ethernet priority tagging, and Ether-type Application ID configuration. The support for VLANs and
priority tagging allows for the optimization of Ethernet network traffic. GOOSE messages can be
given a higher priority than standard Ethernet traffic, and they can be separated onto specific
VLANs. Devices that transmit GOOSE messages also function as servers. Each GOOSE
publisher contains a GOOSE control block to configure and control the transmission.
The GOOSE transmission (including subscribing and publishing) is controlled by GOOSE link
settings in device.
The PCS-900 series relays support IEC61850 Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE)
communication. All GOOSE messages contain IEC61850 data collected into a dataset. It is this
dataset that is transferred using GOOSE message services. The GOOSE related dataset is
configured in the CID file and it is recommended that the fixed GOOSE be used for
implementations that require GOOSE data transfer between PCS-900 series relays.

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IEC61850 GOOSE messaging contains a number of configurable parameters, all of which must be
correct to achieve the successful transfer of data. It is critical that the configured datasets at the
transmission and reception devices are an exact match in terms of data structure, and that the
GOOSE addresses and name strings match exactly.

10.4.6 ACSI Conformance


10.4.6.1 ACSI Basic Conformance Statement
Services

Client

Server

PCS-900 Series

B11

Server side (of Two-party Application-Association)

C1

B12

Client side (of Two-party Application-Association)

C1

Client-Server Roles

SCSMS Supported
B21

SCSM: IEC 61850-8-1 used

B22

SCSM: IEC 61850-9-1 used

B23

SCSM: IEC 61850-9-2 used

B24

SCSM: other

Generic Substation Event Model (GSE)


B31

Publisher side

B32

Subscriber side

Transmission Of Sampled Value Model (SVC)


B41

Publisher side

B42

Subscriber side

Where:
C1: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-DEVICE model has been declared
O: Optional
M: Mandatory
Y:

Supported by PCS-900 series relays

N: Currently not supported by PCS-900 series relays


10.4.6.2 ACSI Models Conformance Statement
Services

Client

Server

PCS-900 Series

M1

Logical device

C2

C2

M2

Logical node

C3

C3

M3

Data

C4

C4

M4

Data set

C5

C5

M5

Substitution

M6

Setting group control

M7

Buffered report control

M7-1

sequence-number

Reporting

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M7-2

report-time-stamp

M7-3

reason-for-inclusion

M7-4

data-set-name

M7-5

data-reference

M7-6

buffer-overflow

M7-7

entryID

M7-8

BufTm

M7-9

IntgPd

M7-10

GI

M8

Unbuffered report control

M8-1

sequence-number

M8-2

report-time-stamp

M8-3

reason-for-inclusion

M8-4

data-set-name

M8-5

data-reference

M8-6

BufTm

M8-7

IntgPd

M9

Log control

M9-1

IntgPd

M10

Log

M12

GOOSE

M13

GSSE

M14

Multicast SVC

M15

Unicast SVC

M16

Time

M17

File transfer

Logging

GSE

Where:
C2: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-NODE model has been declared
C3: Shall be "M" if support for DATA model has been declared
C4: Shall be "M" if support for DATA-SET, Substitution, Report, Log Control, or Time models has
been declared
C5: Shall be "M" if support for Report, GSE, or SMV models has been declared
M: Mandatory
Y:

Supported by PCS-900 series relays

N: Currently not supported by PCS-900 series relays

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10.4.6.3 ACSI Services Fonformance Statement


Services

Server/Publisher

PCS-924

Server
S1

ServerDirectory

Application association
S2

Associate

S3

Abort

S4

Release

Logical device
S5

LogicalDeviceDirectory

Logical node
S6

LogicalNodeDirectory

S7

GetAllDataValues

S8

GetDataValues

S9

SetDataValues

S10

GetDataDirectory

S11

GetDataDefinition

S12

GetDataSetValues

S13

SetDataSetValues

S14

CreateDataSet

S15

DeleteDataSet

S16

GetDataSetDirectory

Data

Data set

Substitution
S17

SetDataValues

Setting group control


S18

SelectActiveSG

M/O

S19

SelectEditSG

M/O

S20

SetSGValuess

M/O

S21

ConfirmEditSGValues

M/O

S22

GetSGValues

M/O

S23

GetSGCBValues

M/O

Reporting
Buffered report control block
S24

Report

S24-1

data-change

S24-2

qchg-change

S24-3

data-update

S25

GetBRCBValues

S26

SetBRCBValues

Unbuffered report control block


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S27

Report

S27-1

data-change

S27-2

qchg-change

S27-3

data-update

S28

GetURCBValues

S29

SetURCBValues

Logging
Log control block
S30

GetLCBValues

S31

SetLCBValues

S32

QueryLogByTime

S33

QueryLogAfter

S34

GetLogStatusValues

Log

Generic substation event model (GSE)


GOOSE control block
S35

SendGOOSEMessage

S36

GetGoReference

S37

GetGOOSEElementNumber

S38

GetGoCBValues

S39

SetGoCBValuess

S51

Select

S52

SelectWithValue

S53

Cancel

S54

Operate

S55

Command-Termination

S56

TimeActivated-Operate

Control

File transfer
S57

GetFile

M/O

S58

SetFile

S59

DeleteFile

S60

GetFileAttributeValues

M/O

Time
SNTP

10.4.7 Logical Nodes


The PCS-924 series relays support IEC61850 logical nodes as indicated in the following table.
Note that the actual instantiation of each logical node is determined by the product order code.
Nodes

PCS-924 Series

L: System Logical Nodes


LPHD: Physical device information

YES

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LLN0: Logical node zero

YES

P: Logical Nodes For Protection Functions


PDIF: Differential

PDIR: Direction comparison

PDIS: Distance

PDOP: Directional overpower

PDUP: Directional underpower

PFRC: Rate of change of frequency

PHAR: Harmonic restraint

PHIZ: Ground detector

PIOC: Instantaneous overcurrent

PMRI: Motor restart inhibition

PMSS: Motor starting time supervision

POPF: Over power factor

PPAM: Phase angle measuring

PSCH: Protection scheme

YES

PSDE: Sensitive directional earth fault

PTEF: Transient earth fault

PTOC: Time overcurrent

YES

PTOF: Overfrequency

PTOV: Overvoltage

PTRC: Protection trip conditioning

YES

PTTR: Thermal overload

PTUC: Undercurrent

PPDP: Pole discrepancy

YES

PTUV: Undervoltage

PUPF: Underpower factor

PTUF: Underfrequency

PVOC: Voltage controlled time overcurrent

PVPH: Volts per Hz

PZSU: Zero speed or underspeed

R: Logical Nodes For Protection Related Functions


RDRE: Disturbance recorder function

YES

RADR: Disturbance recorder channel analogue

RBDR: Disturbance recorder channel binary

RDRS: Disturbance record handling

RBRF: Breaker failure

YES

RDIR: Directional element


RFLO: Fault locator

YES

RPSB: Power swing detection/blocking


RREC: Autoreclosing

YES

RSYN: Synchronism-check or synchronizing

YES

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C: Logical Nodes For Control
CALH: Alarm handling

CCGR: Cooling group control

CILO: Interlocking

CPOW: Point-on-wave switching

CSWI: Switch controller

G: Logical Nodes For Generic References


GAPC: Generic automatic process control

YES

GGIO: Generic process I/O

YES

GSAL: Generic security application


I: Logical Nodes For Interfacing And Archiving
IARC: Archiving

IHMI: Human machine interface

ITCI: Telecontrol interface

ITMI: Telemonitoring interface

A: Logical Nodes For Automatic Control


ANCR: Neutral current regulator

ARCO: Reactive power control

ATCC: Automatic tap changer controller

AVCO: Voltage control

M: Logical Nodes For Metering And Measurement


MDIF: Differential measurements

MHAI: Harmonics or interharmonics

MHAN: Non phase related harmonics or interharmonic

MMTR: Metering

MMXN: Non phase related measurement

MMXU: Measurement

YES

MSQI: Sequence and imbalance

MSTA: Metering statistics

S: Logical Nodes For Sensors And Monitoring


SARC: Monitoring and diagnostics for arcs

SIMG: Insulation medium supervision (gas)

SIML: Insulation medium supervision (liquid)

SPDC: Monitoring and diagnostics for partial discharges

X: Logical Nodes For Switchgear


TCTR: Current transformer

YES

TVTR: Voltage transformer

YES

Y: Logical Nodes For Power Transformers


YEFN: Earth fault neutralizer (Peterson coil)

YLTC: Tap changer

YPSH: Power shunt

YPTR: Power transformer

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Z: Logical Nodes For Further Power System Equipment
ZAXN: Auxiliary network

ZBAT: Battery

ZBSH: Bushing

ZCAB: Power cable

ZCAP: Capacitor bank

ZCON: Converter

ZGEN: Generator

ZGIL: Gas insulated line

ZLIN: Power overhead line

ZMOT: Motor

ZREA: Reactor

ZRRC: Rotating reactive component

ZSAR: Surge arrestor

ZTCF: Thyristor controlled frequency converter

ZTRC: Thyristor controlled reactive component

10.5 DNP3.0 Interface


10.5.1 Overview
The descriptions given here are intended to accompany this relay. The DNP3.0 protocol is not
described here; please refer to the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the DNP3.0
implementation. This manual only specifies which objects, variations and qualifiers are supported
in this relay, and also specifies what data is available from this relay via DNP3.0.
The relay operates as a DNP3.0 slave and supports subset level 2 of the protocol, plus some of
the features from level 3. The DNP3.0 communication uses the Ethernet ports at the rear side of
this relay. The Ethernet ports are optional: electrical or optical.

10.5.2 Link Layer Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the linker layer functions.

10.5.3 Transport Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the transport functions.

10.5.4 Application Layer Functions


10.5.4.1 Time Synchronization
1.

Time delay measurement


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x17

Slave

0x81

0x34

0x02

0x07

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2.

3.

Read time of device


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x01

0x34

0x00, 0x01

0x07-

Slave

0x81

0x32

0x01

0x07

Write time of device


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x02

0x32

0x01

0x00, 0x01, 0x07, 0x08

Slave

0x81

10.5.4.2 Supported Writing Functions


1.

Write time of device


See Section 10.5.4.1 for the details.

2.

Reset the CU (Reset IIN bit7)


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x02

0x50

0x01

0x00, 0x01

Slave

0x81

10.5.4.3 Supported Reading Functions


1.

2.

Supported qualifiers
Master Qualifier

0x00

0x01

0x06

0x07

0x08

Slave Qualifier

0x00

0x01

0x01

0x07

0x08

Supported objects and variations

Object 1, Binary inputs


Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

Slave Variation

0x02

0x01

0x02

The protection operation signals, alarm signals and binary input state change signals are
transported respectively according to the variation sequence in above table.

Object 2, SOE
Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

0x03

Slave Variation

0x02

0x01

0x02

0x03

If the master qualifier is 0x07, the slave responsive qualifier is 0x27; and if the master
qualifier is 0x01, 0x06 or 0x08, the slave responsive qualifier is 0x28.

Object 30, Analog inputs


Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

0x03

0x04

Slave Variation

0x01

0x01

0x02

0x03

0x04

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The measurement values are transported firstly, and then the measurement values are
transported.

Object 40, Analog outputs


Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

Slave Variation

0x01

0x01

0x02

The protection settings are transported in this object.

Object 50, Time Synchronization


See Section 10.5.4.1 for the details.

3.

Class 0 data request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the Class 0 data request and the variation is 0x01.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 1, Object 30 and Object 40 (see
Supported objects and variations in Section 10.5.4.3).

4.

Class 1 data request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the Class 1 data request and the variation is 0x02.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 2 (see Supported objects and
variations in Section 10.5.4.3).

5.

Multiple object request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the multiple object request and the variation is 0x01,
0x02, 0x03 and 0x04.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 1, Object 2, Object 30 and Object
40 (see Supported objects and variations in Section 10.5.4.3).

10.5.4.4 Remote Control Functions


The function code 0x03 and 0x04 are supported in this relay. The function code 0x03 is for the
remote control with selection; and the function code 0x04 is for the remote control with execution.
The selection operation must be executed before the execution operation, and the single point
control object can be supported to this relay.
Master Qualifier

0x17

0x27

0x18

0x28

Slave Qualifier

0x17

0x27

0x18

0x28

The Object 12 is for the remote control functions.


Master Variation

0x01

Slave Variation

0x01

Control Code

0x01: closing
0x10: tripping

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11 Installation
Table of Contents
11.1 Overview ....................................................................................................... 11-3
11.2 Safety Information ........................................................................................ 11-3
11.3 Checking Shipment ...................................................................................... 11-4
11.4 Material and Tools Required ........................................................................ 11-4
11.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions .................................................. 11-4
11.6 Mechanical Installation ................................................................................ 11-5
11.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring ................................................................ 11-6
11.7.1 Grounding Guidelines .......................................................................................................11-6
11.7.2 Cubicle Grounding ............................................................................................................11-6
11.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device ...................................................................................11-7
11.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation ..............................................................................11-8
11.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring.........................................................................................................11-8
11.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables ...............................................................................................11-8

List of Figures
Figure 11.6-1 Dimensions of PCS-924 ..................................................................................... 11-5
Figure 11.6-3 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot .................. 11-6
Figure 11.7-1 Cubicle grounding system ................................................................................ 11-7
Figure 11.7-2 Ground terminal of this relay ............................................................................ 11-7
Figure 11.7-3 Ground strip and termination ........................................................................... 11-8
Figure 11.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables ................................... 11-9

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11.1 Overview
The device must be shipped, stored and installed with the greatest care.
Choose the place of installation such that the communication interface and the controls on the
front of the device are easily accessible.
Air must circulate freely around the equipment. Observe all the requirements regarding place of
installation and ambient conditions given in this instruction manual.
Take care that the external wiring is properly brought into the equipment and terminated correctly
and pay special attention to grounding. Strictly observe the corresponding guidelines contained in
this section.

11.2 Safety Information


Modules and units may only be replaced by correspondingly trained personnel. Always observe
the basic precautions to avoid damage due to electrostatic discharge when handling the
equipment.
In certain cases, the settings have to be configured according to the demands of the engineering
configuration after replacement. It is therefore assumed that the personnel who replace modules
and units are familiar with the use of the operator program on the service PC.
DANGER! Only insert or withdraw the PWR module while the power supply is switched
off. To this end, disconnect the power supply cable that connects with the PWR module.
WARNING! Only insert or withdraw other modules while the power supply is switched off.

WARNING! The modules may only be inserted in the slots designated in Section 6.2.
Components can be damaged or destroyed by inserting boards in the wrong slots.
DANGER! Improper handling of the equipment can cause damage or an incorrect
response of the equipment itself or the primary plant.
WARNING! Industry packs and ribbon cables may only be replaced or the positions of
jumpers be changed on a workbench appropriately designed for working on electronic
equipment. The modules, bus backplanes are sensitive to electrostatic discharge when
not in the units housing.
The basic precautions to guard against electrostatic discharge are as follows:

Should boards have to be removed from this relay installed in a grounded cubicle in an HV
switchgear installation, please discharge yourself by touching station ground (the cubicle)
beforehand.

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Only hold electronic boards at the edges, taking care not to touch the components.

Only works on boards that have been removed from the cubicle on a workbench designed for
electronic equipment and wear a grounded wristband. Do not wear a grounded wristband,
however, while inserting or withdrawing units.

Always store and ship the electronic boards in their original packing. Place electronic parts in
electrostatic screened packing materials.

11.3 Checking Shipment


Check that the consignment is complete immediately upon receipt. Notify the nearest NR
Company or agent, should departures from the delivery note, the shipping papers or the order be
found.
Visually inspect all the material when unpacking it. When there is evidence of transport damage,
lodge a claim immediately in writing with the last carrier and notify the nearest NR Company or
agent.
If the equipment is not going to be installed immediately, store all the parts in their original packing
in a clean dry place at a moderate temperature. The humidity at a maximum temperature and the
permissible storage temperature range in dry air are listed in Chapter Technical Data.

11.4 Material and Tools Required


The necessary mounting kits will be provided, including screws, pincers and assembly
instructions.
A suitable drill and spanners are required to secure the cubicles to the floor using the plugs
provided (if this relay is mounted in cubicles).

11.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions


The place of installation should permit easy access especially to front of the device, i.e. to the
human machine interface of the equipment.
There should also be free access at the rear of the equipment for additions and replacement of
electronic boards.
Since every piece of technical equipment can be damaged or destroyed by inadmissible ambient
conditions, such as:
1.

The location should not be exposed to excessive air pollution (dust, aggressive substances).

2.

Severe vibration, extreme changes of temperature, high levels of humidity, surge voltages of
high amplitude and short rise time and strong induced magnetic fields should be avoided as
far as possible.

3.

Air must not be allowed to circulate freely around the equipment.

The equipment can in principle be mounted in any attitude, but it is normally mounted vertically
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(visibility of markings).
WARNING! Excessively high temperature can appreciably reduce the operating life of
this relay.

11.6 Mechanical Installation


The device adopts IEC standard chassis and is rack with modular structure. It uses an integral
faceplate and plug terminal block on backboard for external connections. PCS-924 series is IEC
4U high and 19 wide. Figure 11.6-1 shows its dimensions.
(290)

177

101.6

482.6
465

4650.2
+0.4

451 -0

179 -0

+0.4

101.60.1

4-6.8

Figure 11.6-1 Dimensions of PCS-924

NOTE! It is necessary to leave enough space top and bottom of the cut-out in the cubicle
for heat emission of this relay.
The safety instructions must be abided by when installing the boards, please see Section 11.2 for
the details.
Following figure shows the installation way of a module being plugged into a corresponding slot.

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11 Installation

Figure 11.6-2 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot

In the case of equipment supplied in cubicles, place the cubicles on the foundations that have
been prepared. Take care while doing so not to jam or otherwise damage any of the cables that
have already been installed. Secure the cubicles to the foundations.

11.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring


11.7.1 Grounding Guidelines
Switching operations in HV installations generate transient over voltages on control signal cables.
There is also a background of electromagnetic RF fields in electrical installations that can induce
spurious currents in the devices themselves or the leads connected to them.
All these influences can influence the operation of electronic apparatus.
On the other hand, electronic apparatus can transmit interference that can disrupt the operation of
other apparatus.
In order to minimize these influences as far as possible, certain standards have to be observed
with respect to grounding, wiring and screening.
NOTE! All these precautions can only be effective if the station ground is of good quality.

11.7.2 Cubicle Grounding


The cubicle must be designed and fitted out such that the impedance for RF interference of the
ground path from the electronic device to the cubicle ground terminal is as low as possible.
Metal accessories such as side plates, blanking plates etc., must be effectively connected
surface-to-surface to the grounded frame to ensure a low-impedance path to ground for RF
interference. The contact surfaces must not only conduct well, they must also be non-corroding.
NOTE! If the above conditions are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of the cubicle or parts
of it forming a resonant circuit at certain frequencies that would amplify the transmission
of interference by the devices installed and also reduce their immunity to induced
interference.
Movable parts of the cubicle such as doors (front and back) or hinged equipment frames must be
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effectively grounded to the frame by three braided copper strips (see Figure 11.7-1).
The metal parts of the cubicle housing and the ground rail are interconnected electrically
conducting and corrosion proof. The contact surfaces shall be as large as possible.
NOTE! For metallic connections please observe the voltage difference of both materials
according to the electrochemical code.
The cubicle ground rail must be effectively connected to the station ground rail by a grounding strip
(braided copper).

Door or hinged
equipment frame

Cubicle ground
rail close to floor

Braided
copper strip
Station
ground
Conducting
connection

Figure 11.7-1 Cubicle grounding system

11.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device


There is a ground terminal on the rear panel, and the ground braided copper strip can be
connected with it. Take care that the grounding strip is always as short as possible. The main thing
is that the device is only grounded at one point. Grounding loops from unit to unit are not allowed.
There are some ground terminals on some connectors of this relay, and the sign is GND. All the
ground terminals are connected in the cabinet of this relay. So, the ground terminal on the rear
panel (see Figure 11.7-2) is the only ground terminal of this device.

Figure 11.7-2 Ground terminal of this relay

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11.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation


High frequency currents are produced by interference in the ground connections and because of
skin effect at these frequencies, only the surface region of the grounding strips is of consequence.
The grounding strips must therefore be of (preferably tinned) braided copper and not round copper
conductors, as the cross-section of round copper would have to be too large.
Proper terminations must be fitted to both ends (press/pinch fit and tinned) with a hole for bolting
them firmly to the items to be connected.
The surfaces to which the grounding strips are bolted must be electrically conducting and
non-corroding.
The following figure shows the ground strip and termination.
Press/pinch fit
cable terminal

Braided
copper strip

Terminal bolt
Contact surface

Figure 11.7-3 Ground strip and termination

11.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring


There are several types of cables that are used in the connection of this relay: braided copper
cable, serial communication cable etc. Recommendation of each cable:

Grounding: braided copper cable, 2.5mm2 ~ 6.0mm 2

Power supply, binary inputs & outputs: brained copper cable, 1.0mm 2 ~ 2.5mm 2

AC voltage inputs: brained copper cable, 1.0mm 2 ~ 2.5mm 2

AC current inputs: brained copper cable, 1.5mm2 ~ 4.0mm 2

Serial communication: 4-core shielded braided cable

Ethernet communication: 4-pair screened twisted category 5E cable

11.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables


A female connector is used for connecting the wires with it, and then a female connector plugs into
a corresponding male connector that is in the front of one board. See Chapter Hardware for
further details about the pin defines of these connectors.
The following figure shows the glancing demo about the wiring for the electrical cables.

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11 Installation

Tighten

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

01

Figure 11.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables

DANGER! Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this
equipment to be opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will
produce a dangerously high voltage.

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11 Installation

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12 Commissioning

12 Commissioning
Table of Contents
12.1 Overview ...................................................................................................... 12-1
12.2 Safety Instructions ...................................................................................... 12-1
12.3 Commission Tools ...................................................................................... 12-2
12.4 Setting Familiarization ................................................................................ 12-2
12.5 Product Checks ........................................................................................... 12-3
12.5.1 With the Relay De-energized........................................................................................... 12-3
12.5.2 With the Relay Energized ................................................................................................ 12-5
12.5.3 Print Fault Report............................................................................................................. 12-7
12.5.4 On-load Checks ............................................................................................................... 12-7

12.6 Final Checks ................................................................................................ 12-8

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12.1 Overview
This relay is fully numerical in their design, implementing all protection and non-protection
functions in software. The relay employs a high degree of self-checking and in the unlikely event of
a failure, will give an alarm. As a result of this, the commissioning test does not need to be as
extensive as with non-numeric electronic or electro-mechanical relays.
To commission numerical relays, it is only necessary to verify that the hardware is functioning
correctly and the application-specific software settings have been applied to the relay.
Blank commissioning test and setting records are provided at the end of this manual for
completion as required.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of the
safety and technical data sections and the ratings on the equipments rating label.

12.2 Safety Instructions


WARNING! Hazardous voltages are present in this electrical equipment during operation.
Non-observance of the safety rules can result in severe personal injury or property
damage.
WARNING! Only the qualified personnel shall work on and around this equipment after
becoming thoroughly familiar with all warnings and safety notices of this manual as well
as with the applicable safety regulations.
Particular attention must be drawn to the following:

The earthing screw of the device must be connected solidly to the protective earth conductor
before any other electrical connection is made.

Hazardous voltages can be present on all circuits and components connected to the supply
voltage or to the measuring and test quantities.

Hazardous voltages can be present in the device even after disconnection of the supply
voltage (storage capacitors!)

The limit values stated in the Chapter Technical Data must not be exceeded at all, not even
during testing and commissioning.

When testing the device with secondary test equipment, make sure that no other
measurement quantities are connected. Take also into consideration that the trip circuits and
maybe also close commands to the circuit breakers and other primary switches are
disconnected from the device unless expressly stated.
DANGER! Current transformer secondary circuits must have been short-circuited before
the current leads to the device are disconnected.

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12 Commissioning

WARNING! Primary test may only be carried out by qualified personnel, who are familiar
with the commissioning of protection system, the operation of the plant and safety rules
and regulations (switching, earthing, etc.).

12.3 Commission Tools


Minimum equipment required:

Multifunctional dynamic current and voltage injection test set with interval timer.

Multimeter with suitable AC current range and AC/DC voltage ranges of 0~440V and 0~250V
respectively.

Continuity tester (if not included in the multimeter).

Phase angle meter.

Phase rotation meter.


NOTE! Modern test set may contain many of the above features in one unit.

Optional equipment:

An electronic or brushless insulation tester with a DC output not exceeding 500V (for
insulation resistance test when required).

A portable PC, with appropriate software (this enables the rear communications port to be
tested, if this is to be used, and will also save considerable time during commissioning).

EIA RS-485 to EIA RS-232 converter (if EIA RS-485 IEC60870-5-103 port is being tested).

PCS-900 serials dedicated protection tester HELP-2000.

12.4 Setting Familiarization


When commissioning this device for the first time, sufficient time should be allowed to become
familiar with the method by which the settings are applied. A detailed description of the menu
structure of this relay is contained in Chapter Operation Theory and Chapter Settings.
With the front cover in place all keys are accessible. All menu cells can be read. The LED
indicators and alarms can be reset. Protection or configuration settings can be changed, or fault
and event records cleared. However, menu cells will require the appropriate password to be
entered before changes can be made.
Alternatively, if a portable PC is available together with suitable setting software (such as
PCS-9700 SAS software), the menu can be viewed one page at a time to display a full column of
data and text. This PC software also allows settings to be entered more easily, saved to a file on
disk for future reference or printed to produce a setting record. Refer to the PC software user
manual for details. If the software is being used for the first time, allow sufficient time to become
familiar with its operation.
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12 Commissioning

12.5 Product Checks


These product checks cover all aspects of the relay which should be checked to ensure that it has
not been physically damaged prior to commissioning, is functioning correctly and all input quantity
measurements are within the stated tolerances.
If the application-specific settings have been applied to the relay prior to commissioning, it is
advisable to make a copy of the settings so as to allow them restoration later. This could be done
by extracting the settings from the relay itself via printer or manually creating a setting record.

12.5.1 With the Relay De-energized


This relay is fully numerical and the hardware is continuously monitored. Commissioning tests can
be kept to a minimum and need only include hardware tests and conjunctive tests. The function
tests are carried out according to users correlative regulations.
The following tests are necessary to ensure the normal operation of the equipment before it is first
put into service.

Hardware tests
These tests are performed for the following hardware to ensure that there is no hardware
defect. Defects of hardware circuits other than the following can be detected by
self-monitoring when the DC power is supplied.

User interfaces test

Binary input circuits and output circuits test

AC input circuits test

Function tests
These tests are performed for the following functions that are fully software-based. Tests of
the protection schemes and fault locator require a dynamic test set.

Measuring elements test

Timers test

Measurement and recording test

Conjunctive tests
The tests are performed after the relay is connected with the primary equipment and other
external equipment.

On load test.

Phase sequence check and polarity check.

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12 Commissioning

12.5.1.1 Visual Inspection


After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the relay case. If there is any damage, the
internal module might also have been affected, contact the vendor. The following items listed is
necessary.

Protection panel
Carefully examine the protection panel, protection equipment inside and other parts inside to
see that no physical damage has occurred since installation.
The rated information of other auxiliary protections should be checked to ensure it is correct
for the particular installation.

Panel wiring
Check the conducting wire which is used in the panel to assure that their cross section
meeting the requirement.
Carefully examine the wiring to see that they are no connection failure exists.

Label
Check all the isolator binary inputs, terminal blocks, indicators, switches and push buttons to
make sure that their labels meet the requirements of this project.

Device plug-in modules


Check each plug-in module of the equipments on the panel to make sure that they are well
installed into the equipment without any screw loosened.

Earthing cable
Check whether the earthing cable from the panel terminal block is safely screwed to the panel
steel sheet.

Switch, keypad, isolator binary inputs and push button


Check whether all the switches, equipment keypad, isolator binary inputs and push buttons
work normally and smoothly.

12.5.1.2 Insulation Test (if required)


Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them to be
done and they have not been performed during installation.
Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the isolation with an electronic or brushless insulation
tester at a DC voltage not exceeding 500V, The circuits need to be tested should include:

Voltage transformer circuits

Current transformer circuits

DC power supply

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12 Commissioning

Optic-isolated control inputs

Output contacts

Communication ports

The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M at 500V.


Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this relay, and do the Insulation resistance test for each
circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to the protection.
12.5.1.3 External Wiring
Check that the external wiring is correct to the relevant relay diagram and scheme diagram.
Ensure as far as practical that phasing/phase rotation appears to be as expected.
Check the wiring against the schematic diagram for the installation to ensure compliance with the
customers normal practice.
12.5.1.4 Auxiliary Power Supply
The relay only can be operated under the auxiliary power supply depending on the relays nominal
power supply rating.
The incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in Chapter Technical Data,
before energizing the relay, measure the auxiliary supply to ensure it within the operating range.
Other requirements to the auxiliary power supply are specified in Chapter Technical Data. See
this section for further details about the parameters of the power supply.
WARNING! Energize this relay only if the power supply is within the specified operating
ranges in Chapter Technical Data.

12.5.2 With the Relay Energized


The following groups of checks verify that the relay hardware and software is functioning correctly
and should be carried out with the auxiliary supply applied to the relay.
The current and voltage transformer connections must remain isolated from the relay for these
checks. The trip circuit should also remain isolated to prevent accidental operation of the
associated circuit breaker.
12.5.2.1 Front Panel LCD Display
Connect the relay to DC power supply correctly and turn the relay on. Check program version and
forming time displayed in command menu to ensure that are corresponding to what ordered.

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12 Commissioning

12.5.2.2 Date and Time


If the time and date is not being maintained by substation automation system, the date and time
should be set manually.
Set the date and time to the correct local time and date using menu item Clock.
In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, with a battery fitted on CPU board, the time and date will
be maintained. Therefore when the auxiliary supply is restored the time and date will be correct
and not need to set again.
To test this, remove the auxiliary supply from the relay for approximately 30s. After being
re-energized, the time and date should be correct.
12.5.2.3 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
On power up, the green LED HEALTHY should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that
the relay is healthy.
The relay has latched signal relays which remember the state of the trip, auto-reclose when the
relay was last energized from an auxiliary supply. Therefore these indicators may also illuminate
when the auxiliary supply is applied. If any of these LEDs are on then they should be reset before
proceeding with further testing. If the LED successfully reset, the LED goes out. There is no testing
required for that that LED because it is known to be operational.
It is likely that alarms related to voltage transformer supervision will not reset at this stage.
12.5.2.4 Testing HEALTHY and ALARM LEDs
Apply the rated DC power supply and check that the HEALTHY LED is lighting in green. We
need to emphasize that the HEALTHY LED is always lighting in operation course except that the
equipment find serious errors in it.
Produce one of the abnormal conditions listed in Chapter Supervision, the ALARM LED will
light in yellow. When abnormal condition reset, the ALARM LED extinguishes.
12.5.2.5 Testing AC Current Inputs
This test verified that the accuracy of current measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.
Apply rated current to each current transformer input in turn; checking its magnitude using a
multimeter/test set readout. The corresponding reading can then be checked in the relays menu.
The measurement accuracy of the protection is 2.5% or 0.02In. However, an additional allowance
must be made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.
NOTE! The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent
accidental operation of the associated circuit breaker.
12.5.2.6 Testing AC Voltage Inputs
This test verified that the accuracy of voltage measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.

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12 Commissioning

Apply rated voltage to each voltage transformer input in turn; checking its magnitude using a
multimeter/test set readout. The corresponding reading can then be checked in the relays menu.
The measurement accuracy of the relay is 2.5% or 0.1V. However an additional allowance must be
made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.
NOTE! The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent
accidental operation of the associated circuit breaker.
12.5.2.7 Testing Binary Inputs
This test checks that all the binary inputs on the equipment are functioning correctly.
The binary inputs should be energized one at a time, see external connection diagrams for
terminal numbers.
Ensure that the voltage applied on the binary input must be within the operating range.
The status of each binary input can be viewed using relay menu. Sign 1 denotes an energized
input and sign 0 denotes a de-energized input.
Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this protective device, and do the Insulation resistance test
for each circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to the protection.

12.5.3 Print Fault Report


In order to acquire the details of protection operation, it is convenient to print the fault report of
protection device. The printing work can be easily finished when operator presses the print button
on panel of protection device to energize binary input [BI_Print] or operate control menu. What
should be noticed is that only the latest fault report can be printed if operator presses the print
button. A complete fault report includes the content shown as follows.
1) Trip event report
2) Binary input when protection devices start
3) Self-check and the transition of binary input in the process of devices start
4) Fault wave forms compatible with COMTRADE
5) The setting value when the protection device trips

12.5.4 On-load Checks


The objectives of the on-load checks are:

Confirm the external wiring to the current and voltage inputs is correct.

Measure the magnitude of on-load current and voltage (if applicable).

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12 Commissioning

Check the polarity of each current transformer.

However, these checks can only be carried out if there are no restrictions preventing the
tenderization of the plant being protected.
Remove all test leads, temporary shorting leads, etc. and replace any external wiring that has
been removed to allow testing.
If it has been necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to
perform any of the foregoing tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in
accordance with the relevant external connection or scheme diagram. Confirm current and voltage
transformer wiring.

12.6 Final Checks


After the above tests are completed, remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been
necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to perform the
wiring verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in accordance with
the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
Ensure that the protection has been restored to service.
If the protection is in a new installation or the circuit breaker has just been maintained, the circuit
breaker maintenance and current counters should be zero. If a test block is installed, remove the
test plug and replace the cover so that the protection is put into service.
Ensure that all event records, fault records, disturbance records and alarms have been cleared
and LEDs has been reset before leaving the protection.

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13 Maintenance

13 Maintenance
Table of Contents
13.1 Appearance Check ...................................................................................... 13-1
13.2 Failure Tracing And Repair ......................................................................... 13-1
13.3 Replace Failed Modules ............................................................................. 13-1
13.4 Cleaning ....................................................................................................... 13-3
13.5 Storage ......................................................................................................... 13-3

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13 Maintenance

NR numerical relay PCS-924 is designed to require no special maintenance. All measurement and
signal processing circuit are fully solid state. All input modules are also fully solid state. The output
relays are hermetically sealed.
Since the device is almost completely self-monitored, from the measuring inputs to the output
relays, hardware and software defects are automatically detected and reported. The
self-monitoring ensures the high availability of the device and generally allows for a corrective
rather than preventive maintenance strategy. Therefore, maintenance checks in short intervals are
not required.
Operation of the device is automatically blocked when a hardware failure is detected. If a problem
is detected in the external measuring circuits, the device normally only provides alarm messages.

13.1 Appearance Check


1. The relay case should be clean without any dust stratification. Case cover should be sealed
well. No component has any mechanical damage and distortion, and they should be firmly fixed in
the case. Relay terminals should be in good condition. The keys on the front panel with very good
feeling can be operated flexibly.
2. It is only allowed to plug or withdraw relay board when the supply is reliably switched off.
Never allow the CT secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be opened while the primary
system is live when withdrawing an AC module. Never try to insert or withdraw the relay board
when it is unnecessary.
3. Check weld spots on PCB whether they are well soldered without any rosin joint. All dual
inline components must be well plugged.

13.2 Failure Tracing And Repair


Failures will be detected by automatic supervision or regular testing.
When a failure is detected by supervision, a remote alarm is issued and the failure is indicated on
the front panel with LED indicators and LCD display. It is also recorded in the event record.
Failures detected by supervision are traced by checking the Superv Events screen on the LCD.
When a failure is detected during regular testing, confirm the following:

Test circuit connections are correct.

Modules are securely inserted in position.

Correct DC power voltage is applied.

Correct AC inputs are applied.

Test procedures comply with those stated in the manual.

13.3 Replace Failed Modules


If the failure is identified to be in the relay module and the user has spare modules, the user can
PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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13 Maintenance

recover the protection by replacing the failed modules.


Repair at the site should be limited to module replacement. Maintenance at the component level is
not recommended.
Check that the replacement module has an identical module name (AI, PWR, CPU, SIG, BI, BO,
etc.) and hardware type-form as the removed module. Furthermore, the CPU module replaced
should have the same software version. In addition, the AI and PWR module replaced should have
the same ratings.
The module name is indicated on the top front of the module. The software version is indicated in
LCD menu Version Info.
Caution!
When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.
1)

Replacing a module

Switch off the DC power supply.

Disconnect the trip outputs.

Short circuit all AC current inputs and disconnect all AC voltage inputs.

Unscrew the module.


Warning!
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power
supply. It takes approximately 30s for the voltage to discharge.

2)

Replacing the Human Machine Interface Module (front panel)

Open the relay front panel.

Unplug the ribbon cable on the front panel by pushing the catch outside.

Detach the HMI module from the relay.

Attach the replacement module in the reverse procedure.

3)

Replacing the AI, PWR, CPU, BI or BO module

Unscrew the module connector.

Unplug the connector from the target module.

Unscrew the module.

Pull out the module.

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13 Maintenance

Inset the replacement module in the reverser procedure.

After replacing the CPU module, input the application-specific setting values again.
Warning!
Units and modules may only be replaced while the power supply is switched off and only
by appropriately trained and qualified personnel. Strictly observe the basic precautions to
guard against electrostatic discharge.
Warning!
When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.
Danger!
After replacing modules, be sure to check that the same configuration is set as before the
replacement. If this is not the case, there is a danger of the unintended operation of
switchgear taking place or of protections not functioning correctly. Persons may also be
put in danger.

13.4 Cleaning
Before cleaning the relay, ensure that all AC/DC supplies, current transformer connections are
isolated to prevent any chance of an electric shock whilst cleaning. Use a smooth cloth to clean
the front panel. Do not use abrasive material or detergent chemicals.

13.5 Storage
The spare relay or module should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC standard
60255-1 the storage temperature should be from -40oC to +70oC, but the temperature of from 0oC
to +40oC is recommended for long-term storage.

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13 Maintenance

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14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14 Decommissioning and Disposal


Table of Contents
14.1 Decommissioning ....................................................................................... 14-1
14.2 Disposal ....................................................................................................... 14-1

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14 Decommissioning and Disposal

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14 Decommissioning and Disposal

14.1 Decommissioning
1.

Switching off

To switch off the PCS-924, switch off the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply.
2.

Disconnecting cables

Disconnect the cables in accordance with the rules and recommendations made by relational
department.
Danger!
Before disconnecting the power supply cables that connected with the DC module of the
PCS-924, make sure that the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply is
switched off.
Danger!
Before disconnecting the cables that are used to connect analog input module with the
primary CTs and VTs, make sure that the circuit breaker for the primary CTs and VTs is
switched off.
3.

Dismantling

The PCS-924 rack may now be removed from the system cubicle, after which the cubicles may
also be removed.
Danger!
When the station is in operation, make sure that there is an adequate safety distance to
live parts, especially as dismantling is often performed by unskilled personnel.

14.2 Disposal
In every country there are companies specialized in the proper disposal of electronic waste.
Note!
Strictly observe all local and national regulations when disposing of the device.

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14 Decommissioning and Disposal

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15 Manual Version History

15 Manual Version History


In the latest version of the instruction manual, several descriptions on existing features have been
modified.
Manual version and modification history records
Manual Version
Source

R1.00

Software

Date

Description of change

New

Version

R1.00

R1.00

2011-08-02

Form the original manual.

R1.01

R1.00

2013-06-19

Mechnical dimension of the device is changed

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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15 Manual Version History

PCS-924 Stub Differential Relay

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