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© Carl Heymann Verag KG {iembvrger Sean #49, 050889 Kein ~ AD 2000-Merkblatt Ics 23.020.30 January 2003 edition Manufacture and testing of pressure vessels ‘AD 2000-Merkbiatt HP 5/1 Manufacture and testing of joints Principles of welding practice ‘The AD 2000-Merkblittar aro propared by the seven assoclatons listed below who togethor form the “Arbeitsgemeinschatt Druckbenaiter (AD), The structure and the pplication ofthe AD 2000 body of regulations and to procedural quidalines ae covered by AD 2000-Morklat G1. The AD 2000-Merkblétter contain safety requirements to be met under nema operating candtions. tf above-normal loadings aro to bo ‘expected during the operation ofthe pressure vessel, this shel be taken into account by meeting special requirements. If tare ae any divergences from the requlkemants ofthis AD 2000-Merkbt, ¢ shell be passble to prove that the standard of safety of this body of regulations has been maintained by other means, 8.0. by matorals testing, tests, sress analysis, operating experience, Fechwvorband Damptkesse!, Behélter- und Rotrieungsbau eV. (FOBR), Dasseicort Haypteorbend der gewerbichan Berulsgonossenschaten ¢.V., Sankt Augustin Veroanc der Chamischen Industie e.V. (VCD, FrankiumiMein Verband Deutscher Maschinon- und Anlagenbau 0.V. (VOMA), Fachgomeinschaft Veiahrenstechnische Maschinen und Apparate, FrankturtiMain ‘Staniinsttut (VDER), Dusseldort VOB PowerTech eV, Essen Verband cer Technischen Uberwachungs-Vereine eV. (VATOM), Essen. The above associations continuously update the AD 2000-Merkblatr in lng with tochnical progress. Please address any proposals for this tothe pubishor: Verband der Technischen Uberwachungs-Vereine .V., P.O, Box 103834, D-45038 Esson. Contents. 0 Foreword 1 Scope 2 Principles of technique for ‘welded joints| 0 Foreword The AD 2000 body of regulations can be applied to satisfy the basic safety requirements of the Pressure Equipment Directive, principally for the conformity assessment in accordance with Modules "G" and *B + F° ‘Tho AD 2000 body of requlationsiis structured along the ines: of a self-contained concept. If other technical rules are used in accordance with the state of the art o solve related prob- lems, itis assumed that the overall concept has been taken Into account. The AD 2000 body of regulations can be used as appropriate for other modules of the Pressure Equipment Directive or for difierent sectors of the law. Responsibility for testing is as ‘specified in the provisions of the relevant sector ofthe law. 1 Scope ‘This AD 2000-Merkblatt deals withthe principles of technique {or joining pressure vessels or pressure vessel components mace of stoe! as well as aluminium and aluminium alloys by brazing, soldering, bonding and other methods of joining, It applies as appropriate to pressure vessels and pressure vessel components made of other non-ferrous metal, 3. Principles of technique for brazed, bonded and othor joints This AD 2000-Merkblot apples to pressure vessels subjec ted o static loading. For pressure vesse's subjected to cyclic strossing within tho meaning of AD 2000-Merkblatt HP 801 1 No. 15, the requirements of6.2 of AD 2000-MerkbiatS 1 and 11.2 of AD 2000-Merkblatt S 2 also apply. 2. Principles of technique for welded joints 2:1 Welds shall be executed in compliance with verified ‘drawings and their aocompenying documentation as woll as with the requirements of the procedure qualification test. 22. Butt welds and filet welds as joint welds in pressurised ‘components shall be executed so that from their external assessment they correspond to quality leval B as specified In DIN EN 25817 (steel) and DIN EN 30042 (aluminium). As ‘a doviation from this, quality level C as specified in DIN EN. 25817 is adequate for the following discontinutties: No. 11 Undercut'), No. 13 Excessive reinforcement of wold (filet wolds), No. 18 Excessive root reinforcement, [7 Nor paris # nore, Tso ape oe! wee, ‘Supersedes January 2002 edition; ‘amendments to previous edition "AD 2000 Marka are protcid by copyright Tho rights of uso, parca of any arelaton, reproduction, enact of iu, varemisin by photo ‘mochanioal meane and eovago Ft dea reboval cyte, ovon of sans, ar eebvadt th sho, Cari Moymanne Vera has kena reatonable Imeasaros to eneure ie accuracy of is tenalaion but ogres hat no reponety ean bo seooptod fr ary ener, omision o nazcuacy In cases ‘St dos rte, he nts eon a he German okey vale Pogo 2 AD 200-Merii HP, 01.2098 won No. 18 Misalignment h in double-sided circumferential welds, Figure B, Incompletely filled groove*), Excessively unequal leg longth in case of filet welds, No. 21 Root concavity (local), ‘and as specified in DIN EN 30042 for the following dis- continuities: No.7 Surface voids, No. 15 Excessive reinforcement of weld, No. 19 Excessive roct reinforcement. The provisions in AD 2000-Merkblatt HP 5:9 apply to the. internal appraisal. INo. 19 No. 20 2.3 The following applies to arc strikes and spatter tin accordance with DIN EN 25817): No. 24 Are strikes are not permissible away from the web dling groove. ‘Adhering spatter that has solidified and the areas heat affected by this are to be removed both on the \weld and on the base metalif adverse effectson the ‘material or malfunctions can be expected. Multiple discontinuities in the cross section are not used in this Merkblatt (equivalent to No, 24 28 spo. citiod in DIN EN 30042). 7 24 The welding points shall be protected against the in- fluence of weather such as rain and wind, The necessary ‘measures shall be taken if welding oF cutting jobe are carried ‘out at ambient temperatures below +5°C. No. 25 No. 26 2.5. Ifundercuts can only be removed by hard surfacing, he “appropriate rules of welding practice shall be observed. The, ‘same applies to other repair welds. 2.6 Each weld shall be marked so that its position and the welder concerned can be identified at any time. To comply with this condition, both can be entered on the drawings or (on the welding plans. Special arrangements can be made in case of pressure vessels manutactured in series, 2.7 Weld-on parts, including those that are removed later, shal be welded on according to the rules of welding practice which apply tothe pressure vessel material, .¢.in wo passes It necossary, without significant intermediate cooling. As a rule, weiding-on shall be performed prior to heat treatment Welding work atterthe final heat treatmontis only permissible if the customerfuser and the relevant third party have given their consent 2.8 Therequirementsin figure 1 apply to misalignment with ‘unequal wall thicknesses in the case of double-sided welds. The requirements in figure 2 apply to unequal wall thicknes- S08 in the case of single-sided welds. Ifthe requirements In | TR TG el wetting wn omer mata eg deena ‘hag goovtncanpanceen nin accatepoehan ence coos {ehtoroment inne 60 oa post are pernteain ha Pr. PG wear fo 32g 242. mex 06 er, who “AD 2000-Merkblatt Figs. 1 or 2 are exceeded, the thicker wall shall be tapered at not more than 30 degrees towards the thinner val WLS Longitudinal welds fy 0,18 +1453 mm max, fe $08 + t;6 mm max fh $08 +t; 6 mm max Circumferential welds my S02 +t; Smmmax by S04 +5510 mm max. tet S04 +t: 10 mm max. Fig. 1. Permissible misalignment with unequal wall thick: nesses for double-sided welds Longitudinal and circumferential welds hg S041 ty; 2 mm max. Fig. 2. Permissible misalignment on the root side for single-sided welds 2.9 For clad plate, depending on the type and thickness of the cladding, smaller variations may be necessary, 2.10 The instructions given in the regulations, e.g, stan- dards, material specification sheets (Werkstofiblatter) and specifications, shail be observed when processing materials. *Stahi-Eisen-Werkstoblatt 088" (SteeVIron Material Spe fication Sheet) applies to fine-grained structural stoo's. 3. Principles of technique for brazed, bonded and other joints Until this AD 2000-Merkblatt is expanded to inolude the ‘above methods, the principles of technique for brazed, bon- ded and other joints in pressure vessels shall be agreed between the manufacturer, user/customer and the relevant third panty. Publisher: Neon er Tedishen bmwedhogs Verne E-Mail: vdtuev-essen@t-online.ce Source of supply: Carl ® Heymanns Verlag Luxemburger Strae 449, 050990 Kéln Teletax: 0221-8 43 73 603 E-Mail: