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New York, N. Y.
Copyright 1936

Baggage 4 Any resident of the United States and Canada who plans or in-
Passports 3 tends to travel throughout Europe or any country of Europe, must
Transportation of Automobile to Europe .4, 5 be in possession of a passport issued by the country of which he is
Vises 3 a citizen.


Deck Chairs and Deck Sports 5, 6, 7 When applying for a passport or passports, the applicant must be
Dining Room Reservations and Meals at Sea 5 in possession of the following:—'a birth certificate', 'two photo-
Public Rooms .. 7 t graphs, 3 inches by 3 inches', 'affidavit of birthplace, sworn to be-
Religious Services 6 fore a notary • and a |ist of the countries tne applicant proposes

Safeb.eP'«9 5 fo visit;
oeasickness 6
Tipping 5, 6 A group photograph should be used when a wife, or wife and
MARITIME LIFE children are included in the one application. It is necessary for all
R,UOV5 || |2 children 21 years of age and over to have separate passports.
Distances at Sea 12 Applications for passports should be filed three or four weeks
Flags 10 previous to sailing date and should name the ship and date of
Foretelling the Weather by Barometer 13 departure.


Nautical Miles or Knots - 10 Passport applications can be secured from a U. S. Passport

Nautical Vocabulary 8, 9 Agency which have offices in the following large cities:- Boston, New
Regulations ot the Sea and Sea C imate II, \ _. , M v i r r • j /~L-
CL- u/ i u Orleans, New York, San Francisco and Chicago.
Ships Watches 10
Sound Signals for Fog 12 If you do not reside in any of the above mentioned cities you
Time on Board Ship 9, 10 can go to the clerk of any United States District Court or State
Visibility at Sea 10 Court authorized by law to naturalize aliens.
Winds and Waves - II. 13 ,
Air Travel Abroad ... 17 ., . , ,
C W Rt 14 15 vou ""end visiting foreign countries, most countries require
Consulates 18, 19 ^ a * travelers' shall have their passports stamped or vised by the
Difference in Time 14 consuls that represent the countries to be visited. It is best to
European Hotels and Telegraph Code for Hotels 16, 17 obtain the necessary vises before sailing and which are usually good
Mail Time from New York 15 for one year or for the definite period specified, and after that,
Motor Travel '6 must be renewed.
Railways of Europe and Train Travel Abroad - 15, 17, 18 when p|ans gre indefinite !t is aav;sab|e to obtain vises abroad

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION as required. The American traveler will find that he must pay
Autographs 30, 31, 3/ $10., for the privilege of visiting certain foreign countries, since the
Customs Regulations ...; ...- ±,"",0 American government charges $10., for the vises to the passport of
Interesting Notes -28, 29 g forei visit| fhis count
Itinerary - _ — 24, 25, 26, 2/
Social Events on Board 22, 23 Transit vises which are merely for crossing a country without stay
The Log En Route and Returning - 20, 21 are less costly, frequently being no more than $1.00.

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CUSTOMS REGULATIONS Britain. The cost of licenses and passes is governed by the weight
Upon entering any European country travelers are required to and cost of the car and which generally costs the driver about $50.
present their baggage or luggage for examination by customs' of- There is a $5., charge for each additional driver.
ficials. All examinations are usually made at the pier or dock upon
disembarkation. SHIP BOARD ROUTINE
Deck Chairs:-
Heavy baggage can be sent on to the capital cities of any coun-
On deck you will find your deck chair with your name written on
tries for examination provided that is the tourist's destination.
a card in a holder on the back of the chair waiting for you.
The customs examination in most countries of Europe are informal
Steamer Rugs:-
and always courteous to tourists. It is best therefore, if you have
any dutiable items in your baggage to be perfectly candid in your You can rent a steamer rug through the deck steward who will
declarations. assist you to wrap up comfortably and who takes care of your rug
at night, folding it and keeping it dry for the next day.
The importation of merchandise in baggage is strictly forbidden.
However, in some countries there is an allowance for cigars and Bath:-
tobacco. You should arrange with your cabin steward or stewardess for
the hours when you may have the use of the bath, 'that is, if there
Residents returning to the United States from abroad are per-
is not a private bathroom in your cabin suite.1
mitted to bring in $100., worth of articles in the nature of personal
household effects, souvenirs or curios, certain articles of which are
free from duty, such as antiques over 100 years old and original SAFEKEEPING
works of art. If your foreign purchases exclusive of these free ar- Among the first things to do on board ship is to give in care of
ticles, amount to $100., the assessed duty must be paid in either the purser jewelry, valuable documents and excess money not needed
cash or certified checks. during the ship's voyage, so that they may be put in the ship's safe
as all ship companies assume no responsibility for thefts or loss of
any valuables.
All heavy baggage and trunks should be delivered at the pier at There is no charge for this service.
least 24 hours before sailing.
Labels can be obtained from the steamship company and should DINING ROOM RESERVATIONS
be pasted on all baggage.
A seat will be reserved for you in the dining room by the chief
Baggage that you desire to get at on board ship should be la- steward.
beled "Wanted", and it will be held in the ship's baggage room
and can be obtained at all times during the voyage.
Baggage not wanted should be labeled "Hold", which goes below Meals at sea are always served at regular hours and usually allow
and put off at point of destination. about two hours for breakfast, one hour for lunch and one and one-
half hours for dinner.
Your hand baggage and steamer trunk will, of course, be sent to
your stateroom. The usual service is generally table d'hote but if special dishes are
desired arrangements can be made with the chief steward.
If you desire your meal to be served in your cabin this should be
Baggage allowance on Atlantic steamers is 20 cubic feet, Pacific ordered through your cabin steward or stewardess.
steamers—350 Ibs., West Indies and South American steamers about
250 Ibs. TIPPING

TRANSPORTATION OF AUTOMOBILES TO EUROPE Tipping is not compulsory however, most usual, and generally dis-
pursed at the end of the voyage.
Tourists can make arrangements to take their automobile with
The general fees are about $5., each to the cabin and table
them, if so desired, by simply obtaining through the steamship com-
steward and about $3., each to the deck, smoking room, lounge and
pany or your own automobile club an international customs pass and
bath steward. The same fee should be given to the cabin steward-
an international license number good anywhere in Europe and Great
ess if there are women in the party.
Of course tips to the bootblack and barber should be given as in DECK GOLF
your own country, at the time the service is rendered.
While some still play this with shuffle-board staves and discs it is
SEASICKNESS now proper to play with real golf sets, and the various obstructions
about the deck provide natural obstructions similar to "bunkers and
Seasickness is no longer a mystery to the frequent traveler. The sand-traps" in the land game. Mechanical "caddies" prevent the
traveled person is well acquainted with the fact that only easily di- ball from going overboard.
gested foods should be consumed during a voyage. Seasickness
can be entirely prevented by consuming only the customary foods TETHER BALL
that are easily digested.
Promenading around the decks for the first few days enables one This is one of the most exciting of deck sports and is played with
to find their sea legs and also aids in counteracting seasickness. a ball attached by a cord to a pole. It is hit in opposite directions
by the players, who use tennis racquets. To win this game you must
The ship's doctor may be summoned, without any charge, if sea- succeed in twisting the cord around the pole of your opponent in
sickness occurs. However, valuable service can also be rendered by spite of his efforts.
the cabin steward or stewardess.
On many liners one will find completely equipped gymnasiums
Sunday services are usually led by the captain or the purser, which with swimming pools and different hours are scheduled for men and
is customary on all liners, and where attendance is voluntary. women.
This is a game found on most liners. One bets on wooden horses
There are numerous enjoyable deck sports which one may par- which move over a section of the deck, especially marked off. The
ticipate in and as on board ship passengers are as "one big family", progress of the horses is governed by the roll of dice. Tickets are
it is not necessary to be formally introduced to participants. sold to equal the number of horses and an auctioneer is chosen
from among the passengers. Those holding the winning tickets re-
ceive pro rata amounts of the total bet, usually after a sum is de-
Wooden weights are pushed from a distance of about twenty to ducted for some seamens' charity.
thirty feet with a staff having a curved end. Players take turns but
nothing is scored until all have played. Each player is credited for "POOL"
the number in the square occupied by the player's weight. The goal
"Pool" on a steamer usually refers to the game of chance played
of the game is to score exactly fifty as all over that number are
on the ship's daily run. Participants in the game are asked to draw
from one to ten numbers at so much each, the winner being the
QUOITS holder of the number that corresponds to the last figure of the
ship's run in miles at the end of each day.
This is similar to the game played on land with horse-shoes only
when played on boaro! it is played with rope rings which are aimed
at a spindle on the deck.
The ball-room is a gay place every evening, for dancing is as
DECK TENNIS popular at sea as on land.
Deck tennis is the same as Lawn tennis except that instead of a The lounge, the library, the bar-room and the music-room, are as
fully frequented as the decks. Here can be found the book-lovers
net there is a rope and courts are chalked for singles or doubles.
It is played with a rubber ball and one serves as in tennis, and the
game is played above the ropes. The score is kept the same as in
with books from the ship's library; passengers at tables playing
cards, bearing in mind the ship's posters warning against professional
ordinary tennis.

The first light to be seen by ships nearing Liverpool is the Fastnet Glory Hole Stewards' Headquarters.
light on the Irish coast; by ships bound to the English Channel, that
on Bishop's Rock, off the Scilly Isles. At the most southerly point of Hatch An opening in the deck.
England is the Lizard. The famed Eddystone Lighthouse is off Halyards Ropes for hoisting flags or sails.
Plymouth and the lights en route to Cherbourg are the first Cas- Heave-to To slow down or stop a ship.
quets and then the Cap la Hague. The entrance to Thames and Hold Interior of the ship below passenger decks.
London have the lightships of the Goodwin Sands and the light- Hull The body of a ship.
house on the North Foreland to guard their entrances. In the Medi-
terranean a light is on Europa point at Gibraltar. Entering New Keel Lowest timber or steel section of the ship.
York the lightships are at Nantucket Shoals, at Fire Island and there Knot A nautical mile.
is the Ambrose Channel Lightship, 23 miles from New York.
Latitude Distance north or south of the equator.
NAUTICAL VOCABULARY Leeward The side away from the room.
Longitude Distance east or west of the meridian.
Abaft Toward the stern.
Midship Toward the middle of the ship.
Abeam Directly off to the side.
Mooring To anchor.
Above Upstairs.
Aft Toward the stern or rear of the ship. Port Left side of a ship when looking forward.
Porthole A window in a cabin.
Ballast Weights used to keep the ship from becoming
top heavy. Screw The ship's propeller.
Beam Greatest width of a vessel. Sextant Instrument for measuring ship's position by the sun.
Bilge The flat part of a ship's bottom. Sounding Finding the depth of the sea in fathoms.
Bow Front or forepart of the ship. Starboard Right hand side of the ship looking toward the bow.
Bridge A platform built across a ship's deck. Stern Rear end of the ship.
Bulkhead Water tight partition.
Tender A small steamer used for meeting ships in port,
Bunker Section used for the storage of fuel.
for transferring or putting passengers ashore.
Cable A chain or rope. Side of the ship to the wind, windward.
Capstan A windlass for drawing the cable.
Chart A map of the ocean. TIME ON BOARD SHIP
Companionway Stairway.
Crow's Nest A barrel or box on the ship's foremast where the 1 Bell 8:30 A.M. 1 Bell 4:30 P.M.
lookout is stationed. 2 Bells 9:00 2 Bells 5:00
3 9:30 ' 3 " 5:30
Deadlight Covering for a porthole, generally used in severe 4 .. ..10:00 ' 4 " 6:00 "
weather. 5 .. ..10:30 ' 5 " 6:30 "
Deck Floor g .. .11:00 ' 6 " 7:00
Dog A bent metal fitting used to close doors. 7 .11:30 ' 7 " 7:30 "
Draft Depth of water required to float ship. 8 . .12:00 Noon 8 " .... 8:00
Drift Current Movement of the surface of the sea. 1 .12:30 P.M. 1 " ... 8:30 "
2 1:00 " 2 " .. 9:00 "
Ebb Tide The falling tide. 3 . 1:30 " 3 " . 9:30 "
4 2:00 " 4 " . . 10:00 "
Fathom Six feet in length. 5 2:30 " 5 " 10:30
Flood Tide Rising tide. 6 3:00 " 6 " 11:00 "
Forward Towards the bow. 7 3:30 " 7 " 11:30 "
Galley Kitchen. 8 ... 4:00 " 8 " . ....12:00 Mid.
1 Be 1 12:30 A.M. 1 Be 1 4:30 On shipboard the traveler will find that winds are described as
2 Be Is ... 1:00 " 2 Be Us .. ... 5:00 follows:-
3 ' 1 :30 " 3 . 5:30 Velocity Miles Per Hour
4 ' 2:00 4 . 6:00 Light Wind 7 miles
5 ' 2:30 5 . 6:30 II
6 ' Light Breeze
3:00 6 . 7:00 16
7 ' Gentle Breeze
3:30 7 . 7:30 20
8 '
Moderate Breeze
... 4:00 8 8:00 25
Fresh Breeze
Strong Breeze 30
SHIPS WATCHES Moderate Gale 35
Time at sea is counted in watches of four hours each, and two of Fresh Gale 45
two hours, in order to alternate the watches, arranged as follows:— Strong Gale 50
FIRST WATCH ... 8:00 P.M. to 12 Midnite Whole Gale 60
Storm 70
MIDDLE WATCH 12:00 Midnite to 4:00 A.M.
Hurricane 80
MORNING WATCH .4:00 A.M. to 8 A.M.
FORENOON WATCH 8:00 A.M. to 12 Noon
DOG WATCHES All street traffic is regulated by law. Each nation prescribes the
1st 4:00 P.M. to 6 P.M. laws within its own waters and there are international rules for the
2nd 6:00 P.M. to 8 P.M. ocean.
Machine propelled vessels must give way to sailing vessels and
sailing vessels, in a favorable position with regard to the winds,
A nautical mile as determined by the U. S. coast survey is 6090.27 must give way to those less favored and if one vessel is overtaking
feet, whereas a land mile is 5280 feet or i760 yards. another it is the rule of the overtaking vessel to keep clear.
Every vessel at night carries a system of lights to tell its position,
THE FLAGS size and motion. Generally on the port side a red light is seen_ and
Many of the new ocean going passengers are generally interested on the right side a green light. On the masts white and red lights
in the flying colors of ships passed at sea. The national emblem are arranged, distinguishing the type and size of the ship and the
of a vessel is flown at the stern and when this ship is under way the direction in which It is sailing. There must be a visibilty of two
flag is generally carried at the gaff, which protrudes from the main miles of the port and starboard lights.
mast. The house flag of the company operating the ship is gen-
erally at the top of the main mast, while on the foremast is the BUOYS
ensign of the country to which the ship is enroute.
Buoys are valuable aids but not always dependable. Heavy seas,
VISIBILITY AT SEA ice or collisions may drag them out of position or cause them to
Elevation disappear.
Feet Miles Visible Buoys have different colorinas so as to differentiate the special
I 1 31 purpose for which they are employed.
5 2.50 Buoys are known by the following names:- spar buoys, nun buoys,
10 4.23 can buoys, bell buoys, whistling buoys and gas buoys.
20 5.52
40 8.37 The following order is observed in coloring and numbering them
50 9.35 along the coasts, bays, harbors, sounds and channels.
100 12 12 In nearing the channel from seaward, red buoys with even num-
500 30.00 bers are passed on the starboard side and black buoys with odd
1000 34.12 numbers are passed on the port side.
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Those painted red and black in horizontal stripes are placed on WAVES
obstructions with channel ways on either side of them and may also There is always discussion and speculation of the height and
be passed on either side on coming in. Those painted with black velocity of ocean waves. The maximum height of ocean waves sel-
and white vertical lines are placed in mid-channel and must be dom go above forty feet which is comparably an ordinary small
passed closely to avoid danger. hill for the generally exaggerated mountainous wave often described.
Buoys with balls, cages, etc., mark turning points, the color and
number of the buoy indicating on which side it shall be passed.
The log is generally attached by a small cord to the railing of a
SOUND SIGNALS FOR FOG ship, trailing astern in the water registering the actual distance at
the end of the trip.
During foggy weather ships blow a long blast on the whistle at
frequent intervals. Anchored ships ring a bell for five seconds ev- FORETELLING THE WEATHER BY BAROMETER
ery minute. Modern liners have other means of guiding themselves A Rising Barometer:-
in the fog such as, submarine listening devices, radio direction
A rapid rise indicates unsettled weather.
finders, engine room telegraph systems.
A gradual rise indicates settled weather.
Starting, stopping and backing signals from the Bridge to the
A rise with dry air and cold increasing in summer indicates wind
from the northward; and if rain has fallen, better weather may be
Bells expected.
1 Ahead slow. A rise with moist air and a low temperature indicates wind and
Jingle Full speed. rain from the northward.
1 A rise with southerly winds indicates fine weather.
When working slow ahead means stop.
2 When stopped means slow astern. A Steady Barometer:-
Jingle When working slow astern means full speed With dry air and seasonable temperature indicates a continuance
astern. of very fine weather.
4 and a jingle Means from full speed ahead to full speed A Falling Barometer:-
A rapid fall indicates stormy weather.
3 and a jingle Means from full speed astern to full speed
A rapid fall with westerly wind indicates stormy weather from
the northward.
A fall with a northerly wind indicates storm, with rain and hail in
SEA CLIMATE summer, and snow in winter.
To describe the condition of the sea the following nautical sym- A fall with increased moisture in the air, end heat increasing, in-
bols are used:- dicates wind and rain from the southward.
B—Broken, irregular L—Long rolling A fall with dry air and cold increasing in winter indicates snow.
C — Choppy, crossed M — Moderate swell A fall after very calm and warm weather indictes rain with squally
& — Ground swell R — Rough
The barometer rises for northerly winds, including from northwest
H — Heavy sea T — Tide rips by north to the eastward for dry, or less wet weather, for less wind,
S — Smooth or for more than one of these changes, except on a few occasions,
when rain, hail, or snow comes from the northward with strong wind.
DISTANCES AT SEA The barometer falls for southerly wind, including from southeast
by south to the westward, for wet weather, for stronger wind or for
On a clear day the hull of a passing liner can be seen about 15 more than one of these changes, except on a few occasions, when
nautical miles away and the top masts even farther. moderate wind, with rain or snow comes from the northward.

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