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LV,

ICCCN 2015 8/5/2015

parkITsmart: Minimiza0on
of Cruising for Parking

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Christos Tsiaras, Livio Hobi, Fabian Hofste?er,


Samuel Liniger, Burkhard S0ller

Outline
Problem Descrip0on
parkITsmart Overview
Evalua0on
Cruising for parking minimiza0on
Controlling 0me minimiza0on

Summary
Future Work
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Introduc0on
Cruising: Driving while looking for parking
space aSer arriving to the desired des0na0on
Adds up to 30% unnecessary conges0on on streets
Vehicles emission
Noise

Unoccupied free spaces


Revenue losses for the city

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Impact of Cruising in Trac


Consider 6 minutes cruising for
a parking space
Parking space turnover: 5
vehicles per day
Each parking space generates
30 minutes of cruising 0me per
day
If the average cruising speed is
approximately 15 Km/h
Each parking space generates
approximately 8 Vehicle Km
Traveled (VKT) per day
In a year this is 2937 VKT per
parking space

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~50K parking
spaces in
Zurich!

Environmental Impact of Cruising


EU regula0ons are being introduced to reduce the
average emissions of vehicles sold beginning in 2012,
to 130 g/km of CO2
Even if all vehicles comply with this rule the
environment is encumbered with 381 Kg CO2 per
parking space, per year, because of cruising!

for =
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Economic Impact of Cruising


Waste of 0me for everybody
Waste of fuel
Waste of revenue of the unused parking
spaces

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parkITsmart High-Level Overview

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High-Level Overview

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Technologies

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End-User App Evalua0on: Parking Spot U0liza0on (I)


Intend: Show the use of parkITsmart in terms of
Saved 0me
Reduced car emissions
Lower conges0on rate

Hypothesis:
Drivers that search for a spot randomly have to
cruise longer than drivers with parking spot
availability informa0on.
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End-User App Evalua0on: Parking Spot U0liza0on (II)


Scenario 1: city center, cars are driving slowly,
few available parking spots, lot of cars looking
for spots
Scenario 2: outside the city center, cars can
drive faster, lots of free spots, few cars
looking for spots
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End-User App Evalua0on: Parking Spot U0liza0on (III)


Parameters:

Grid Size
Dura0on to walk
Average speed of cars
Percentage of cells with a free parking spot
Amount of car which are looking for a spot

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End-User App Evalua0on: Parking Spot U0liza0on (IV)

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Evalua0on End-User App: Parking Spot U0liza0on (V)


Results:

Scenario

Avg. 0me without


parkITsmart (min)
Avg. 0me with
parkITsmart (min)

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City

Countryside
11.1
9.9
3.2

1.3

Evalua0on Controller App: Time Eciency (I)


Scenario:
20 spots
1.5 minutes to walk
2 parked illegally
Controlling : 3 s with applica0on
5 s without applica0on
Fine: 30 s with applica0on
120 s without applica0on

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Evalua0on: Controller Time Eciency (II)


Formula
Ttotal = tw +(tc s) + (tf p)

Result
TQR/NFC = 210 seconds
Tmanual = 430 seconds
Symbol Unit Explana@on

-51%

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Ttotal

sec

Total 0me

tw

sec

Time to walk 100 meter

tc

sec

Time to control a parked vehicle

tf

sec

Time to report a ne

Number of spots to control

Number of illegally parked vehicles

Why is parkITsmart good for drivers?

Locate unoccupied parking spaces


Remember where I parked my vehicle, precisely
Look up citys parking regula0ons
Suppor0ng 15 languages!

?
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Why is parkITsmart good for the city?


Easier and more ecient vehicle controlling

QR-code and NFC-tag scanning

Directly send nes

No manual processing needed


Integra0on in exis0ng ne management possible

Prevent parking fraud


Ecient parking distribu0on
Drivers parking pa?ern
recogni0on

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Summary
Outcomes
Prototype of a running system
End-user app in Google Play Store and App Store
Controller app available on-demand

Evalua0on of parkITsmart
Minimiza0on of cruising for parking
Improved controlling eciency

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Future Work

Usability and performance of the map


Include more data about parking spots
Include further local parking regula0ons
Payment for parking spaces
System acceptance study
Cruising for parking minimiza0on techniques
A public parking management system for Zurich
Parking predic0on techniques (iBeacons, OBDs)

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How to reach us

parkITsmart.com

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