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Method Statement for Civil Works:

1. Layout
Refer to the final layout drawing prepared with reference to the
actual demarcation, set back adjustments, final levels and other
development works
Check if the site is cleaned and leveled properly by cutting or
filling
Start the layout with the help of Total Station or any other
survey instrument as given in the specification
Mark the road widening line with respect to the actual boundary
wall after proper measurement
Mark the set back distance from this line and clear margin
distance on any other side with respect to the boundary wall
Locate another point at the distance of setback distance on the
other end of the plot along the road
Set the instrument at the first point and bisect this point, this is
the tentative setback line
Now check the distance between the setback line and road
widening line it should always be less than the original setback
distance, if not shift the line inwards till you get the shortest
distance
Now turn the instrument @ 90 to this setback line and mark a
point on the other boundary line
Now check the distance of this line from the left side boundary
wall, this should not be less than the margin distance
If required shift this line to get the minimum side margin
everywhere
Now these two lines are the final boundary lines at right angles
to each other
Mark the points on these lines at the distance equal to the width
of the buildings
Shift the instrument to these points and get the other corners of
the building
Measure the required distances as per the layout plan and
locate the actual corners of the buildings at site
Cross check the distances and diagonals of the buildings
Check the minimum side margin distances with respect to the
other side of the boundaries
Construct the pillars @ 2.0 meters away from the building
corners from either side of given size and height above G.L

Finish the top of the pillars smoothly with plastering and


painting it white with red markings which can be used for
individual building layout
Fix steel bars at the corners of the buildings for future
references
Get the layout approved by architect before proceeding further

2. Excavation
Ref. Drawing no.
Check the layout marking as per the given drawing
Study the soil strata details based on the trial pits and other tests performed at site
Check with the consultant regarding the bearing capacity that is used for design
Incase of foundation drawing ask the consultant/architect to issue foundation
drawing incorporating the center line plan in order to cross check the overlapping of
foundation, orientation of foundation etc.
Make all the necessary arrangements required like dewatering pumps (of
sufficient capacity), shoring arrangement (incase of black cotton soil), vehicles for
shifting of materials, safety, electricity etc.
Get all the approvals required from the local authority for cutting of trees, shifting
of service lines, dumping of materials in public property etc.
Marking to be done as per the given drawing
Check for the orientation of the building with the given north line and the required
margins to be left on all sides after the marking is done
Once the above is cross checked start the excavation to the required depth
depending on the type of strata and the method to be used as specified in the
specification
Keep the necessary margins in order to facilitate the construction activities
Display proper signages and flags in order to take care of safety measures
Note down the levels and bearing capacity at the required given points of the
strata and get it approved from the consultant
Remove all the loose excavated materials and clean the pit
Sufficient lighting arrangements to be made if the work is to be carried out in
night
3. Lean Concrete

Ref. Drawing no.


Check the center of the pit, its dimension and orientation
Check the strata and get it approved by the consultant

Clean the pit properly by removing all the excavated material


Water the pit and ram it properly to get proper compaction
If the surface is uneven do the soling or plum concrete to avoid excess depth of
PCC
Prepare the shuttering as per the specified size and place it properly
Keep all the materials like cement, sand, aggregate ready after proper checking
Keep all the tools and machineries ready by cleaning, washing, lubricating etc.
Prepare the mix 1:4:8 or 1:3:6 as per the given specification using volumetric
batching unless specified
Mix the materials (dry) in a given proportion till a uniform color is obtained
Add water in the required quantity (w/c ratio) and mix it properly to get a
workable concrete
Pour the concrete in the required pit using the pans or chute depending on the
depth
Compact the concrete with the help of steel rammer or vibrator depending on the
depth of PCC
The sides of the shuttering should be tamped and finished to get a smooth and
uniform finish after de-shuttering
Finish the top surface of the PCC with randha in order to get a uniform finish
Mark the center of the columns on the PCC surface the next day
4. Reinforcement for foundation
Ref. Drawing no. and bar bending schedule
Steel bars of required diameter and specification to be used for reinforcement
Cutting of the reinforcements for the footing mesh bars to be done considering for
allowance for L and covers on all sides
Prepare the mesh by tying the bars properly with the help of binding wire at
every junction
Cut the column bars to the required length considering the allowance for base L
Cut the bars for rings, single or double as per the requirement of the length
accordingly
Rings should be prepared on the fitters platform, considering the width and the
breadth of the column after deducting the cover from same.
Footing mesh should be kept in the footing shuttering with the column base tied to
its centre, with the binding wire.
The centre of the footing should be matched with the mesh of the footing
Proper cover should be maintained from the sides as well as from the bottom
5. Form Work for footing

Ref. Drawing No.

After the PCC is done check for the level and mark the center of the footing in
cement mortar with the help of side rails or centre line pillar
Check for the material as per specification to be used for form-work
Place the form-work box, check the size and diagonals of the form-work box.
Check for gaps if any between the form-work and PCC top level
Before concreting clean the inner space of the box and PCC with the help of a
water jet
Give proper supports to footing box, so that its position does not change
Mark centre of the footings with the help of a nail, on footing box or planks
Centre marked on footing box should match the centre marked on the side rail or
centre line pillar
Check the reinforcement of footing, column and concreting depth of footing
before pouring the concrete
6. Concreting
Refer to the specification of concrete to be used
Remove all the loose earth from the bed
In case of any roots etc of trees are passing through the foundation must be cut to
prevent further growth
Check for the proper form-work and reinforcement as per the drawing if its there
The ground should be made wet so that water from the concrete is not absorbed
If there is any seepage in the foundation trench, then effective method of
dewatering should be adopted before placing the concrete
7. Reinforcement of a Column
Refer. drawing no. and bar bending schedule
Consider floor to floor height and lap length 45D to be added in to the length (D
being diameter of the bar)
First cutting of the main reinforcement to be done
Cut the bar for rings of columns depending on the required length
For lapping make a joggle if the bar diameter is more than 12mm
Prepare the column on the fitters platform by tying the rings to the main
reinforcement, if size & no. of bars are not heavier otherwise erect the column at the
required place
Shift the column to the slab and erect it in the required position and tie to the
dowels below the floor columns
Care should be taken to tie the dowels of the below floor columns firmly, to the
upper floor columns
8. Column form work

Reference drawing no.


Check the specification of material to be used for form-work
Incase plywood is used it should be free from any curvature
Supports to plywood should be sufficient in both vertical & horizontal directions
Proper care should be taken before placing the column form-work
Check the dimension & diagonal of the column form-work box
Fix M.S. clamps in sufficient quantity, to prevent bulging of the column during
concreting
After marking centre line of the column, check the min. cover and column
reinforcement.
Provide appropriate covers using cover blocks for column reinforcement
Give supports for the column in the vertical position. Supports should be tight
with proper bracings to adjacent side columns to avoid rotary movement of the
column
Check if there is any gap at the bottom and fill it with carpenters putty or any
filling material
Calculate & mark the permissible concreting level considering beam depth etc.
with a nail
Fix the M.S. clamps at every interval of 20
De-shuttering should be done after minimum of 24 hours
9. Concreting of a column
Ref. Drawing no.
Check the size & diagonals of the column as per the given drawing
Check whether the shutters have been oiled properly with de-shuttering oil
Plumb on both side of the column
Line & Level marking up to which the concreting needs to be done
Supports been properly fixed
Reinforcement cover on top & spacing of reinforcement above concrete level
Sufficient lap length
Proper filling of gaps with soil & paste
Check the quality of material to be used for the mix
Check the proportion & mixing of material as per the given specification &
design mix
Ensure that 6 cube moulds are kept ready to cast cubes from different batches
Controlled water cement ratio is maintained while mixing of concrete
Availability of vibrator or labor for tamping
Ensure proper cover after concreting on top level
Do not pour concrete from a height of more than 1.0 m to avoid segregation

For higher columns, instead of pouring the concrete from top, it is advisable to
use tremie, drop chute to direct the concrete through reinforcements and ties to avoid
segregation
Casting of cubes with proper numbering
To check all joints to ensure that no slurry flows from anywhere
To check for the required concrete level
10. Stripping of a column form
De-shuttering of the column should be done after min. of 24 hours of concreting
De-shuttering report to be prepared
While de-shuttering of the column form-work, ensure that the edges of the
column are well protected
Date of casting & column no. to be written on the column
Finishing the honey combing properly if its there
Hacking to be done @50 nos. per sft.
Curing of the column to be done for minimum of 15 days by covering it with a
Hessian cloth rapped around it

11. Erecting Slab Form work


Ref. Drawing no.
Check the specification of the material to be used for the slab form-work
If steel plates are to be used it should be of uniform thickness and perfectly right
angled
Check the level of the slab using a dumpy level or tube level.
Check if the floor PCC is fully completed and properly cured
Oil the plates before placing the reinforcements
The side edge plank is to be adjusted with the beam sides as per the dimensions of
each bay & available size of the plate to avoid voids in between
Spanning of the plates should be horizontally in a straight line with proper
supports @ 20 c/c
Put chavi of size 4x4 to support the slab plates @ 20 c/c with the support of
straight prop
Use adjustable plates to adjust unavoidable voids in particular bay.
Ensure that wooden wedges are used instead of bricks or blocks below the props
to adjust the height
Bracing should be provided to each prop to avoid lateral movement
All M.S plates should be properly adjusted without entering the beam width
Check the line, plumb and supports of the beam sides
Fill the gaps between plates with tape or putty

Prop of slab centering plates should be perfectly vertical at required spacing of


minimum 20 c/c
Check whether slab thickness is marked on the side of slab or nails are driven in
plywood sides as per the given thickness of slab
Mark the thickness of the slab to be filled with concrete on every column bar,
with binding wire for slab and staircase slab
Check the shuttering as per the checklist before placing reinforcement
12. Form work of Deep beams i.e. more than 500mm Deep beams
Ref. Drawing no.
Mark one level on every column
Check the position and level of the beam bottom supports, with
respect to the depth of the beam
Width of bottom support should be same as the width of the
beam
Bottom supports should be fixed firmly to the column with the
help of binding wire and nails (of specified size) in plumb
Top cut of beam should not be in cross
Bottom plank of the beam should not bend but be in a straight
line
Check the level of beam bottom before providing beam sides
Provide bracing to beam bottom supports after leveling the
beam bottom. Supports should be perfectly vertical (props) without
any joints
The sides of the beam should rest on the bottom with proper
cross supports
Check the plumb of the beam sides at each end & with the help
of the line dori, fix straight line of beam sides
Joints in the beam sides should be taken at the end of the beam
Check the column & beam joint. Shuttering here should be in
plumb
Check the depth of the beam
13. Reinforcement of a Slab
Ref. Drawing no. & bar bending schedule
Take the proper measurement of the cutting length of the slab
reinforcement and cut it accordingly
For continuous slabs, consider the projection of the bent up bars
in the adjacent slab while calculating the cutting length of the
slabs

The cut bar should be stored in bunches slab-wise and


transferred to the slabs accordingly
Marking of the c/c distance of the bars should be done on the
slab plates with the help of the chalk
Lay the main reinforcement as per the marking
Place the distribution steel on the main reinforcement and every
junction should be tied with the binding wire properly
Bent-up bars should be bent at the required length from the
support as per the type of slab, i.e. continuous or simply supported
etc.
Place the chairs under every bent-up bar to maintain the top
reinforcement at the top
Bent-up should be lifted considering the slab cover and slab
thickness
All hidden beams should be placed such that centre of the
hidden beam should be considered the centre of the proposed wall
on that beam
Ring of hidden beam should be bound such that it is just 25mm
less than the thickness of the slab
14. Reinforcement of a Beam
Ref. Drawing no.
In R.C.C. drawings, the no. of bottom bars, bent-up bars and top bars along with
the details of the rings are normally mentioned
Actual measurements of the beam to be taken after shuttering and then proceed
for cutting of the steel
Cutting should be done beam wise and for the total number of beams, required for
the slab
Tie a chit of paper for easy identification, to the bunch of bars
Then cutting of rings should be done. Rings should be prepared out of these cut
bars
Beam can bound on the fitters platform along with the bent-up bars
Shift the bound beams to the shuttering of the slab
Place these beams with proper anchorage in the end columns
For continuous beams, bent-up bars should be properly extended in the adjacent
beams and tied with binding wire
Proper cover should be provided to the bottom and sides of reinforcement
15. Casting of Beams and Slabs

Ref. Drawing No.


Check that all the fan hooks boxes are placed in position

Check whether the vibrator is properly placed over the stand for
use during concreting
Ensure that one supervisor is present near mixer for checking
proper mixing and correct quantity of water for mixing the
concrete. This supervisor should maintain the register batch-wise
and control the proportion of the ingredients. The slump cone and
cube moulds should be available with the supervisor.
Check whether the M.S. platform is placed over the slab, for
delivery of the concrete on the platform.
Buttering of the mixer should be done before starting the
regular slab work
Quality & consistency of the concrete mix is checked for the
first batch and alterations, if any should be made in the mix
proportion as per the ingredients available
Care should be taken to first cast the beams and compact layerwise with the help of the vibrator. Though vibrator is applied to
beams, concrete should be also compacted manually with the help
of tamping rods
For the initial batch, the slump test should be carried out to find
out the consistency and workability of the concrete mix. The
alterations in the proportion of ingredients should be made, if the
mix is not consistent and workable.
Beams first and then slabs. This method should be applied for
concreting.
Ensure proper level of the slab after finishing by the mason, by
visual inspection.
Ensure proper thickness and finishing of staircase steps and
waste slab
Do not allow anyone to walk over fresh and finished concrete
Ensure the presence of a carpenter below the slab shuttering,
during casting is in progress
Ensure a proper bottom and side cover for slabs and beams at
every stage of concreting
Ensure a proper finish to the slab panel, where the lift delivers
the concrete
For concreting in hot weather conditions, cover the fresh slab by
wet gunny bags, to prevent drying of the top surface of the
concrete
Incase of rains, cover the slab with big plastic/turpentine sheet
to protect it
16. Wall Masonry 200/ 230 mm thick

Ref. Drawing no.

Bricks to be used as per the specification and sample should be


approved prior to using it.
All bricks to be used should be thoroughly soaked in water for at
least 2 hours, so that they do not absorb the water from the mortar.
Bricks should always be laid with their frogs facing upwards
Spread the mortar over an area to be covered by the edges of
the wall. The depth of spread mortar may be about 15mm.
First construct the corner of the wall. Lay one brick at the
corner and then press with hand, so that thickness of the bed-joint
remains only about 10mm. The first closer is also fixed as the
corner brick. Then clean the excess mortar from the joints.
Check the level and the alignment. Similarly check placements
of edges of the bricks.
Then lay down few headers and stretchers in 1st course,
adopting the same method. The level and alignment of these should
be properly checked.
After laying the first course at the corner, lay the mortar and
spread over the first course and arrange the bricks to get a proper
bonding level and check alignment of these bricks
Similarly, lay down the corner at the other end of the wall. The
corner construction, at the each end, works as guide for filling
between bricks of various courses. The corner construction should
be done with great care. Check the plumb and alignment
thoroughly.
Stretch a line dori along the top of the first course laid at each
corner of the wall. The course is then raised. The procedure is
repeated to second, third & other courses until the wall is
constructed till the required height.
Keep the frog of brick on top to ensure that it will be completely
filled with mortar.
The joints should be raked smooth and cleaned and finished
after work everyday
All courses should be laid truly horizontal and vertical
The masonry work to be watered for at least 7 to 10 days.
17. Wall Masonry 100/115 mm thick
Ref. Drawing No.
All the procedures same as above
Provide M.S. reinforced cement concrete band at every 1.0 m height or as per the
requirement
18. Plastering on RCC Surface

Ref. Drawing no.


Refer to the specification for the materials and mortar to be used for plastering
Check if the hacking is done properly (at least 50nos./sft)
Arrange for M.S chairs, wooden planks & scaffolding and check it for stability &
suitability for easy movement, proper heights etc.
Mix the ingredients in the required proportion & use the required quantity of
water. Do not add extra water and do not allow the cement slurry to wash out
Mix only 2-3 bags depos at a time & use mixed depos within half an hour
Chicken mesh to be used at the junction of the RCC and masonry work
19. Plastering on Brick/ Block work surface
Ref. Drawing no.
Refer to the specification for the materials and mortar to be used for plastering
Arrange for M.S chairs, wooden planks & scaffolding and check it for stability &
suitability for easy movement, proper heights etc.
Mix the ingredients in the required proportion & use the required quantity of
water. Do not add extra water and do not allow the cement slurry to wash out
Mix only 2-3 bags depos at a time & use mixed depos within half an hour
Start plastering of the ceiling first and then the walls
Apply sanla to all the walls after 2 hours except where tiles in
dado are to be fixed
Neatly finish all the corners of windows, door, column etc. with
pure cement
Clean all windows, fan hooks, door frames etc. after plastering
Check the dado as per the extra amenities and where sanla
application is not required and roughen these surfaces with wire,
for bonding of tiles
Clean the entire room area especially W.C./ bath area
Do not leave any unfinished patches on the ceiling/walls
Check all the corners of window jams, door frames etc. & finish
them properly
Do not allow extra thickness of sanla
Check that no chicken mesh wires are seen outside the plaster.
If observed, cut them and finish immediately
Check the diagonals, right angles of all window jams
Width of the jam should be same from all four sides