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INTRODUCCION A LA INGENIERIA DE

DISPONIBILIDAD
MANTENIBILIDAD
CONFIABILIDAD

AQAP-NATO
MIL-STD

Reliability
analysis
has
important function analysis:

Requirements
specification
Systems design
Hardware design
Software design
Manufacturing
Testing & Maintenance
Transport & Storage
Spare parts
Operations research
Human factors
Technical documentation
training
And more

Reliability Definitions

(3)

1) The ability of an apparatus, machine, or system to


consistently perform its intended or required function or
mission, on demand and without degradation or failure.
2) Manufacturing:
The
probability
of
failure-free
performance over an item`s useful life, or a specified
timeframe, under specified environmental and duty-cycle
conditions. Often expressed as Mean Time Between Failures
(MTBF) or Reliability Coefficient. Also called Quality over
time.
3) Consistency and validity of Test Results determined through
Statistical Methods after repeated trials.

Reliability Definition

(4)

As the probability that a system or product will


perform in a satisfactory manner for a given
period of time when used under specified operating
conditions
This definition stresses the elements of:
1) Probability
2) Satisfactory performance
3) Time
4) Specified operation conditions

RELIABILITY
May be defined in several ways:
The capacity of a device/system to perform as designed.
The resistance to failure of a device/system.

The ability of a device/system to perform a required


function under stated conditions for a specified period of
time
The probability that a functional unit will perform its
required function for a specified interval under stated
conditions.

RELIABILITY ENGINEERING

RELIABILITY
In the Business Plans:
Reliability engineering assessment is based on the
results of testing from in-house (or contracted) labs
and data pertaining to the performance results of
the product in the field.
It is often the temptation to save initial costs by
using cheaper parts or cutting testing programs.
Unfortunately, cheaper parts are usually less
reliable and inadequate testing programs can allow
products with undiscovered flaws to get out into the
field.

RELIABILITY ENGINEERING
Disciplines Covered by Reliability Engineering:
Reliability Engineering covers all aspects of a product's life, from its
conception, design and production processes, its practical use lifetime,
with maintenance support and availability.

Reliability.
Maintainability.

Dependability

Maintenance
Availability.
All three of these areas can be numerically quantified with the use of
reliability engineering principles and life data analysis. (The combination of
RAM areas introduces a new term, ISO-9000-4, Dependability.)

A Few Common Sense Application:

A Few Common Sense Application

A Few Common Sense Applications:

Advantages of a Reliability Engineering Program:

1) Optimum preventive replacement time for components.


2) Spare parts requirements and production rate, through
correct prediction requirements.
3) Better information about the types of failures experienced,
research and development efforts to minimize these
failures.
4) Establishment of which failures occur at what time in the
life of a product and better preparation to cope with them.
5) Studies of the effects of age, mission duration and
application and operation stress levels on reliability.
6) A basis for comparing two or more designs and choosing the
best design from the reliability point of view, which will
eliminate overdesign as well as under design.
7) Evaluation and estimation of the amount of redundancy
require to achieve the specified reliability.
8) Guidance regarding corrective action decisions to minimize

Reliability and Quality Control:

Failure Rate ():


Failure Rate () =

Number of failures
Total Operating Hours

Mathematically, this may be expressed as:


The failure rate can be expressed in terms of:
Failures / hour
Percent Failures
Per 1.000 hours
Per million hours

Example:

Failure Rate ():

Suppose that 10 components were tested under specified operating


conditions. The components (which are not repairable) failed as
follows at average periods of:
Component 1 failed ea.
120 hours
Component 2 failed ea.
250 hours
Component 3 failed ea.
330 hours
Component 4 failed ea.
440 hours
Component 5 failed ea.
650 hours
The total operating hours was six months.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Draw the Functional Diagraman


Draw the System Operational Cycle 6 months
Calculate the failure rate per hour
Calculate the stock of Spare Parts you need
Which are more reliable?

Reliability (R):
The probability that a device will perform its intended
function during a specified period of time under stated
conditions.
Mathematically, this may be expressed as:

Where:
f(x) is the failure Probability density function
T is the length of period of time , which is assumed to
start from time zero.

Reliability (R):
Matematicamente, la confiabilidad se expresa como:

Haciendo,

= 1/ = n/T

Remplazando en R(t), tenemos que:


O

Donde:
= MTBF
n = nmero de fallos
t = perodos de tiempo
T = Tiempo operacional

Reliability (R) and Failure Rate ():

Reliability Curve

SYSTEM RELIABILITY COMPONENTS

1.In Series Networks


2.In Parallel Networks
3.Combined Series-Parallel Networks

IN SERIES NETWORKS

= ()i = R(t)1.R(t)2. .R(t)n


= . .

IN PARALLEL NETWORKS

INFLUENCE OF COMPONENT RELIABILITY


DESCRIPTION

Number of Components, n

10

50

100

200

400

Systems Reliability, R

80

80

80

80

80

Number of Components, n

10

50

100

200

400

Systems Reliability, R

80

80

80

80

80

IN SERIES
Components Reliability, Ri

IN PARALLEL
Components Reliability, Ri

COMBINED SERIES-PARALLEL NETWORKS

EJERCICIOS