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Differentiated Teaching and Learning

Teacher Tool Kit


To the Teacher
Everyday teachers face the challenge of how to meet the learning needs of a diverse mix of
students, often in very large classes. In our English language classes we recognise students
ranging from the highly motivated to disinterested; varying in skill acquisition; and in the
ways they prefer to learn. Our challenge is to meet the individual learning needs of all our
students in order to maximise student learning progress and thus increase student
achievement.
The Teacher Tool Kit is a support guide to assist teachers to provide quality lessons through
differentiated teaching and learning practice, thereby meeting the learning needs of every
student in every class.
Changing existing practice requires courage and commitment and it is important that
teachers receive appropriate support. SISC+ guidance and peer support from colleagues is
vital for teachers as they undertake this journey.
The Teacher Tool Kit provides support for teachers to provide differentiated opportunities
to meet all students needs. The tool kit consists of 12 Teacher Inquiry Modules. There is an
approximate sequence, but it is expected that SISC+ and the teacher decide on their
readiness for any unit. Teachers may or may not need to work through every inquiry unit. In
a 12 month period, it is expected that a teacher could complete all teacher inquiry units.
The Teacher Tool Kit consists of:
12 teacher inquiry units;
8 example lesson plans, and accompanying resources;
supplementary resources for scaffolding learning.
The Teacher Tool Kit is available in both hard and soft copy. It is expected that the SISC+
make available the resources for a teacher as required.
Created by LeapEd Services 2014 for the Ministry of Education, Malaysia.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Content
A. Teacher Inquiry Modules:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Building Rapport with Students


What Interests Our Students
Learning Objectives and Success Criteria
Lessons Starter Activities
Plenaries
Learning in Groups
Differentiating the Content
Differentiating the Learning Process
Differentiating the Learning Product
Differentiating the Lesson Plan
Giving Feedback to Students
Managing a Differentiated Classroom

B. Differentiated Lesson Plans

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Teacher Inquiry Modules

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

1. Building Rapport with Students


Students want their teacher to know them, to like them,
and to set high expectations for their learning.

Affective attributes refer to the values, attitudes and behaviours we demonstrate. Students
desire to learn is closely connected to the ways teachers care for, treat and respect the
students they teach.

I like Cikgu Faisal


because he knows I
like football and he
always asks me
about my games.
I like it when the
teacher knows
my name and
uses it.

I dont like it when


theres no work for
us or the work is too
difficult.

I like it when the


teachers smile and are
friendly and funny.

I dont like it when the


teacher tells me my work is
not good and doesnt show
me how to improve.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Think back to your school days. Recall a favourite teacher.


What qualities did they demonstrate?

What affective attributes do you model as a teacher?


In what ways could you improve?

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Try

This
ssi

Observation Tool: Affective Attributes

Ask your SISC+ or another teacher to observe you teach and complete this tool.
OR
You could also use the tool to self-evaluate your own strengths and needs.
Use the data to consider how you could improve.

Observational Tool: Affective Attributes


Always
Occasionally
Rarely

Attributes
The teacher:

Comments

1. knows the students names


and calls them by name

2. smiles often

3. demonstrates a friendly
demeanour

4. uses eye contact

5. relates to students interests


6. engages with the students
on a 1-1 basis

7. uses praise
8. acknowledges students
when they make a
contribution e.g. answering
questions
9. has high expectations of
students

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

2. What Interests our Students?


Students respond positively when learning is meaningful,
personalised and relevant.

We know that our students are not the same. They do not learn remember or perform in
the same way. Knowing more about your students- what type of learners they are, and the
ways they prefer to learn-will improve how they learn.

Verbal/Linguistic

Logical/Mathematical

Visual/Spatial

Bodily/Kinaesthetic

Naturalistic

Intrapersonal
Interpersonal

Musical/Rhythmical

(Gardner, 1993)

The concept of multiple intelligences highlights the many different


strengths we have. Which multiple intelligences are your
strengths?

Gardner, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (Fontana Press. 1993)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

How well do you really know your students? Their interests, how they
prefer to learn, etc. Write your comments below.

Try

Try

This
ssi

This
ssi

Find out more


Consider a way you can find out more about your students in one of
your classes. You could use the survey tool provided or make up your
own. The inquiry could be incorporated into their English lesson, e.g. a
story.
Compile the data in a quick access format.

Choose a student who is not engaged in English. Refer to the data which
you collected on this student. Differentiate your lesson so that this
students learning preferences and/or interests are met.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Try

This
ssi

Student Survey Tool

One way we can get to know our students is to ASK them. Try a student survey to find out
more about your students.

Student Survey
Complete the sentences to tell your teacher more about you.
1.

I like it in English when.

2.

I dont like it in English when.

3.

My favourite activity at school is.

4.

Outside of school, my favourite activities or hobbies are

5.

The clubs, organisations and tuition classes I take are.

6.

My favourite sport is.

7.

The sports I play are

8.

If I could choose between watching television, playing video games or using the
computer, I would choose
because.

9.

The person that I consider to be a hero is because

10. Some of the responsibilities I have at home are


11. When I am with my friends, we like to
12. Something about me that I would like to share with you.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

3. Learning Objectives and Success Criteria

If learners are to take more responsibility for their own learning, then they
need to know;
1. What they are going to learn;
2. Why they should learn it in the first place; and
3. How they will recognise when they have succeeded.
An Introduction to Assessment for Learning, Learning Unlimited, (2004)

Identifying what the students need to learn and sharing the objectives with the students is
essential. How can students learn effectively if they dont know what it is they are learning?
Writing Learning Objectives: A Simple 3 Step Model
Step 1: Create a stem

By the end of the lesson you will be able to:


Step 2: Add a verb an active verb
E.g. use
Step 3: Determine the actual knowledge/skills/outcome
E.g. use negative verbs

By the end of the lesson you will be able to use negative verbs.

Make sure the learning objective is specific and is a skill not an activity.
We are learning to do a crossword.
We are learning vocabulary related to the novel (by doing a crossword).

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Writing Success Criteria: A Simple 3 Step Model


Success Criteria tell a student when they have achieved success. They show the learning and
thinking strategies required for success.

SUCCESS CRITERIA: I can.

recognise the verb in a sentence


add the word not after the verb in a sentence
respond to questions using negative verbs

Sharing Learning Objectives and Success Criteria


Learning objectives and success criteria are only useful to the students if they are shared.
You should:
use student friendly language;
display them on the board and share them verbally;
check the success with the students during and at the end of the lesson.

By the end of todays


lesson you will be
able to form negative
verbs.

You will be successful if you can:


- recognise the verb in a
sentence
- add the word not after the
verb in a sentence
- respond to questions using
negative verbs

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

10

Try

This
ssi

Consider a lesson you are teaching today. What is the learning objective?
Write it below (make sure that it is a skill not an activity).
Write the success criteria to show the students will know if they are
successful.

Learning Objective
By the end of the lesson you will be able to.

Success Criteria
You will be successful if you can

Writing good learning objectives and success criteria is not easy. Practice.
It will make a difference!

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

11

Try

This
ssi

MoE Learning
Outcome
2.1 a/c
2.2 a/b/g/j
2.3 g

Learning Objectives and Success Criteria


Here are some learning objectives and success criteria for your reference. Try
completing the blank boxes.
Learning Objective
By the end of the lesson
you will be able to.
prepare a set of notes for
my argumentative essay

1.1 a/b/c

say what I eat for


breakfast

Grammar
a) 3i

improve a basic
description of a classroom
using adjectives of size
and colour

2.3 a/f/i

reorganise paragraphs to
structure a narrative story

2.2 a/b
3.1 c

separate fact from opinion


in a media news story

Grammar
a) 5 10iii

2.2 a/b
3.1 c

demonstrate
comprehension of a
factual text by writing 3
facts about

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
take notes from website
research
identify appropriate quotation
with a note of the source
notes include information for
both sides of the discussion
know and say the words for
breakfast foods
know and say the questions to
ask about breakfast foods
know how to create answers
using questions as sentence
starters

Why?
Students need to
know.
how to find the
information to
understand or to back up
a point of view
how to answer questions
and talk about
themselves

how to use adjectives to


describe to enable them
to make clearer
explanations
explain and follow narrative
story structure
identify topic sentences
check paragraph detail for
correct sequencing of story
events
scan a text for understanding
identify the relevant questions
to ask to elicit facts
read the text to answer the 5
W and How questions
use and correctly to create
one compound sentence from
two simple sentences
recognise how using and alters
the flow of speech and writing
explain why and is not a
sentence starter
identify the difference between
fact and explanation or opinion
select facts from the text which
are related to..

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

how to ask questions to


separate fact from
opinion

how to ask questions to


separate fact from
opinion

12

2.2 d
3.1 a/c/d

2.2 b/c/d/i/j
2.3 d

organise and interpret


information using a
graphic organiser

3.1 d

Grammar
a) 5

2.3 f

edit a draft for the


purpose of word choice

2.2 b/c
3.1 a

retell a story in your own


words

Grammar
a) 11v

use question marks to


show surprise, doubt or
annoyance when speaking
or writing

list and explain the use of


literary devices
Identify the literary devices
used in the poem
explain why the poet has used
the literary devices
describe the effect of the use of
the literary devices on the
reader
select a graphic organiser
appropriate for the task
identify the essential
information from the text
insert information selected into
the graphic organiser to
demonstrate relationship
between the parts of the
information
recognise that native speakers
use colloquial vocabulary not
used in written language
identify colloquial forms from a
listening exercise
Alter colloquial vocabulary into
written form
give a definition of the 5
reporting verbs identified
recognise the correct grammar
structure for use of these verbs
use these verbs in writing
sentences
identify verb/noun/adjective
use a thesaurus to find
alternative words
recognise when the word used
can be replaced with a better
choice and when not

what strategies poets


can use to help create
emotions with words for
the reader

identify positive sentences


add question marks to alter the
meaning of a sentence
ask the question using the
correct intonation for surprise,
doubt or annoyance

how to use punctuation


in written text to show
emotion and enable
clearer communication

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

how to organise ideas in


different ways/formats

how to understand oral


vocabulary of native
speakers

how to create accurate


sentence structures to
communicate more
effectively
how to create accurate
and interesting sentence
structures to
communicate more
effectively

13

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

14

4. Lesson Starter Activities


A strong start to a lesson ensures the ship will be steered
in the right direction.

What is a starter activity and when do I use it?


A starter activity is a short activity that comes at the
beginning of the lesson to capture students interest,
right before the actual key activities begin.

Why is a starter activity important?


When students enter into a classroom, they want to feel excitement toward their learning.
As a teacher, you have the power to engage and empower them in their learning.

Having a pre-cursor activity before the actual lesson begins, not only sets the direction of
the lesson, it also establishes the learning context for students, and therefore the success
for the remainder of the lesson.

An effective starter activity is important because it:

gains students' attention;

encourages recall of prior learning;

sets the pace and challenge of the lesson;

motivates with early success;

creates the expectation that students will think and participate.

Ideally, a starter should take no longer than 5


minutes.
Remember to vary your activities each time.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

15

Try

This
ssi

Starter Activities
Choose and try some of these starter activities at the beginning of your lesson.

Resources:
Item related to key
study topic

USES OF.
Teacher shows (and allows students to handle) the item.
Students list as many uses for the item as they can imagine.
Ideas are shared with the class.
Discussion can follow.

1.
2.
3.
4.

INFO FOLIO
Resources:
Timer tool
Object/image/
statement

Resources:
Key ideas or
vocabulary on
domino cards

Resources:
Image

1. Teacher provides object /image/statement related to the key


study topic.
2. Students have 2 minutes to write down as much as they can
about the object/image/statement.
3. Teacher asks around the classroom for students to share their
responses BUT each student who contributes must give
something new. Teacher collates all responses on the board for
class to see how much they already know.
DOMINOES
1. Teacher distributes domino cards and models how to play.
2. Students lay their domino cards explaining the link to the
previous domino.
3. Discussion can follow.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Resources:
Stimulus materials
related to the key
study topic
Cards

LIST-O-MANIA
Teacher displays image related to key study topic.
Students have 3 minutes to list as many words of phrases as
they can, linked to the item.
Teacher asks some students for responses and their explanation
of the significance of that word to the key study topic.
Discussion can follow.

YOU GOT THAT?


1. Teacher places various stimulus materials around the room.
2. Students have 4 minutes to move around the room examining
the stimulus materials and deciding on 1 question they want
answered by the end of the lesson.
3. Teacher collects the student cards. (These can be used during
the lesson and/or for the plenary).

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

16

Resources:
Object/image
Pre-printed sentence
starters

OCTAGON
1. Teacher asks 8 questions based on Gardeners Multiple
Intelligences and the object/image which are related to the key
study topic.
2. Students respond to the 8 questions.
3. Discussion can follow.

The 8 intelligences link to:


1) Numbers
2) Words
3) People
4) Feelings
5) Nature
6) Actions
7) Sounds
8) Sights

Suggestions for question starters:


- How many.
- What words do you associate with.
- How are people affected.
- How do you feel about.
- How is the environment affected.
- What do people do.
- What sounds.
- What images.

Resources:
10 word cards (per
pair/group)

10 WORDS
1. Teacher gives each pair/group of students 10 word cards related
to the key study topic.
2. Students have 5 minutes to create a graphic organiser
demonstrating the link between the words.
3. Discussion can follow.

Resources:
A3 paper folded

Resources:
Matching cards

FOLLOW THAT.
1. Teacher writes the first sentence on the A3 paper (send 2
versions around the class in different directions to speed this
activity up).
2. Students take turns to read the sentence then add the next
sentence. Before they pass the paper on, the paper must be
folded so that only the last sentence written is visible.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

FIND ME A PARTNER
Students have card with half a statement/one the question and
the other answer.
In silence students mix with each other to find the match to
their card.
When they find their partner they form a pair and discuss their
card contents.
Teacher selects some students to explain their card contents.
Discussion can follow.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

17

Resources:
Cards

Resources:

DO I KNOW YOU
1. Teacher distributes cards with words/ phrases related to key
study topic.
2. Students work in groups, placing cards on a table under
headings:
I know you
I think Ive seen you Weve never met
Somehow before

3. Teacher circulates to check student prior knowledge of key


study topic.
STAND UP SIT DOWN
1. Teacher writes and says a series of statements.
2. Students stand up if they disagree. Student sit down if they
agree.
3. Discussion can follow.
RUNNING DICTATION

Resources:
Cards
Blu-tac

Resources:
Item related to key
study topic
Wrapping paper
Cards
Music/timer tool

Resources:
Cards

1. Teacher posts words/ definitions or phrases/ explanations


separately around the classroom.
2. Students pairs are given one word/ phrase to start with.
3. Student A moves around the classroom to find the matching
definition/ explanation and returns to dictate to student B who
records the answer.
4. Students can take turns to be the runner/ writer until the answer
to all words/ phrases have been recorded.
PASS THE PARCEL
1. Teacher pre-wraps an item (with several layers) related to the
key study topic- inserting cards with related clues, questions, or
key vocabulary between some wrapping layers.
2. Students pass the parcel until signalled to stop. The student
with the parcel responds to the card after they unwrap the
parcel and has the opportunity to guess what the item inside
might be. The parcel continues being passed until a student
guesses what its relevance is to the lesson.
3. Discussion can follow.
TRUE/FALSE - CHOOSE
1. Teacher writes/ asks questions with TRUE/ FALSE or multiple
choice A/B/C/D answer.
2. Students use cards to respond.
3. Discussion can follow.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

18

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)
Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

19

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

5. Plenary Activities

What is a plenary activity and when do I use it?


A plenary activity is a short activity that comes right
at the end of the lesson after all key components
have been taught, to wind up a lesson successfully
and effectively.

Why is a plenary activity important?


Just as a starter activity ensures a strong start to a lesson, a plenary activity ensures the
solid ending to a lesson.
An effective plenary activity is important because it:

gives students time to check their learning success;


allows students to leave class with a shared message of success;
enables the teacher to assess the effectiveness of the learning and the next steps to
take.

Ideally, a plenary should take no longer than 5


minutes.
Plan to fit a plenary activity into your lesson, as it
is often forgotten due to time constraints.
Remember to vary your activities each time

How often do you remember to include a plenary (be honest)!

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

21

Try

This
ssi

Plenary Activities
Choose and try some of these plenary activities at the end of your lesson.

Resources:
Item related to key
study topic

Resources:
Timer tool
Object/image/
statement

Resources:
Key ideas or
vocabulary on
domino cards

Resources:
Image

1.
2.
3.
4.

USES OF.
Teacher shows (and allows students to handle) the item.
Students list as many uses for the item as they can imagine.
Ideas are shared with the class.
Discussion can follow.

INFO FOLIO
1. Teacher provides object /image/statement related to the key
study topic.
2. Students have 2 minutes to write down as much as they can
about the object/image/statement.
3. Teacher asks around the classroom for students to share their
responses BUT each student who contributes must give
something new. Teacher collates all responses on the board for
class to see how much they already know.
DOMINOES
1. Teacher distributes domino cards and models how to play.
2. Students lay their domino cards explaining the link to the
previous domino.
3. Discussion can follow.

1.
2.
3.
4.

LIST-O-MANIA
Teacher displays image related to key study topic.
Students have 3 minutes to list as many words of phrases as
they can, linked to the item.
Teacher asks some students for responses and their explanation
of the significance of that word to the key study topic.
Discussion can follow.

Resources:
Object/ image
Pre-printed sentence
starters

OCTAGON
1. Teacher asks 8 questions based on Gardners Multiple
Intelligences and the object/image which are related to the key
study topic.
2. Students respond to the 8 questions.
3. Discussion can follow.

The 8 intelligences link to:


9) Numbers
10) Words
11) People
12) Feelings
13) Nature
14) Actions
15) Sounds
16) Sights

Suggestions for question starters:


- How many.
- What words do you associate with.
- How are people affected.
- How do you feel about.
- How is the environment affected.
- What do people do.
- What sounds.
- What images.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

22

Resources:
Stimulus materials
related to the key
study topic
Cards

YOU GOT THAT?


1. Teacher places various stimulus materials around the room.
2. Students have 4 minutes to move around the room examining
the stimulus materials and deciding on 1 question they want
answered by the end of the lesson.
3. Teacher collects the student cards. (These can be used during
the lesson and/or for the plenary).

Resources:
10 word cards (per
pair/group)

10 WORDS
1. Teacher gives each pair/group of students 10 word cards
related to the key study topic.
2. Students have 5 minutes to create a graphic organiser
demonstrating the link between the words.
3. Discussion can follow.

Resources:
A3 paper folded

Resources:

Resources:
Matching cards

FOLLOW THAT.
1. Teacher writes the first sentence on the A3 paper (send 2
versions around the class in different directions to speed this
activity up).
2. Students take turns to read the sentence then add the next
sentence. Before they pass the paper on, the paper must be
folded so that only the last sentence written is visible.
STAND UP SIT DOWN
1. Teacher writes and says a series of statements.
2. Students stand up if they disagree. Student sit down if they
agree.
3. Discussion can follow.
FIND ME A PARTNER
1. Students have card with half a statement/one the question and
the other answer.
2. In silence students, mix together to find the match to their card.
3. When they find their partner they form a pair and discuss their
card contents.
4. Teacher selects some students to explain their card contents.
5. Discussion can follow.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

23

Resources:
Cards

DO I KNOW YOU
1. Teacher distributes cards with words/ phrases related to key
study topic.
2. Students work in groups, placing cards on a table under
headings:
I know you

I think Ive seen you


Somehow before

Weve never met

3. Teacher circulates to check student prior knowledge of key


study topic.
RUNNING DICTATION
Resources:
Cards
Blu-tac

Resources:
Item related to key
study topic
Wrapping paper
Cards
Music/timer tool

Resources:
Cards

1. Teacher posts words/ definitions or phrases/ explanations


separately around the classroom.
2. Students pairs are given one word/ phrase to start with.
3. Student A moves around the classroom to find the matching
definition/ explanation and returns to dictate to student B
who records the answer.
4. Students can take turns to be the runner/ writer until the
answer to all words/ phrases have been recorded.
PASS THE PARCEL
1. Teacher pre-wraps an item (with several layers) related to the
key study topic- inserting cards with related clues, questions, or
key vocabulary between some wrapping layers.
2. Students pass the parcel until signalled to stop. The student
with the parcel responds to the card after they unwrap the
parcel and has the opportunity to guess what the item inside
might be. The parcel continues being passed until a student
guesses what its relevance is to the lesson.
3. Discussion can follow.
TRUE/FALSE - CHOOSE
1. Teacher writes/ asks questions with TRUE/ FALSE or multiple
choice A/B/C/D answer.
2. Students use cards to respond.
3. Discussion can follow.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

24

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

25

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

6. Learning in Groups

Why we should have students working in groups?


Students:

are social beings who like to do and talk as opposed to being passive and isolated;
learn significantly more, remember it longer, and develop better critical-thinking
skills;
enjoy lessons more so they are more likely to attend classes;
develop social skills;
improve academic achievement. This is particularly noticeable with low-achieving
students;
are more engaged when working with each other than when working alone.

Different Groupings

A table group refers to the group students are seated in. Four is an ideal size. In
groups of four, pair structures can be utilised.

A shoulder partner refers to the person on either the right or left side of a student.

A face partner refers to pairs facing each other in a table group of four.

Mixed Ability Groups: This should be the default grouping. In a differentiated


setting, the less able learn from the more able, and the more able benefit from
coaching their peers.

Ability Groups: It is not encouraged to have the students primarily seated in ability
groups. It is demotivating for less able learners. During a lesson, when differentiated
activities are used, the teacher may need to move students into ability groupings.
Again, they need to know how to efficiently move in and out of this setting.

Social Groups: Sometimes, this is a desirable way for students to group, especially if
they are completing a task according to interest.

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

27

Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy where students use a variety of
structured learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject.
Students work in small, usually mixed ability, teams. Each student is responsible for their
own learning, and for supporting the learning of others. The teacher becomes a facilitator.
Why should we use it?
Extensive research comparing cooperative learning with traditional classroom methods
shows that students who engage in cooperative learning:
learn significantly more, for a longer period of time, and develop better criticalthinking skills;
enjoy lessons more so they are more likely to attend classes;
develop social skills;
improve academic achievement (this is particularly noticeable with low-achieving
students);
are more engaged when working with each other than when working alone.

Cooperative Learning Structures


Structures are simple, step-by-step teaching tools designed to increase student engagement
and cooperation. Activities using these structures are non-competitive.
The structures can be used at all grade levels, with any subject.

Further Research:
http://www.kaganonline.com/free_articles/dr_spencer_kagan/279/Kagan-Structures-forEnglish-Language-Learners

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28

Try

This
ssi

Prepare students for group work by forming groups.

Preparing
Decide on groups of four (mixed ability).
Forming

Try

Tell students that they will be working in groups and explain the rationale for this.
Explain the importance of moving efficiently into groups (quietly and in less than 2
minutes).
Practise until students can move into groups quickly and quietly.

This
ssi

Cooperative Learning
Choose a cooperative learning structure to trial in your class.
Plan carefully!

Practice one cooperative learning structure a few times before you introduce
a new one.

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29

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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30

7. Differentiating the Content


Give 30 students the same content and some will find it too hard,
some will find it too easy and a few will find it just right!
Wouldnt our planning be easier if our students were all the same? But wouldnt it be a
boring class! We should celebrate our students differences and find ways to scaffold
and/or extend the learning content so that all students are able to achieve, or move
beyond, the learning objectives.
Differentiating the content means we adjust it so that it can be accessed by all students.

CONTENT

What is being
learnt

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31

Strategies to Differentiate the Content


Reduced content: Reduce the content taught for less able students, and extend the
content for more able students. This means that in a lesson, students are given less
or more content.
Simplified content: Simplify the written text for less able learners and provide
more challenging texts for able learners. This means you may need to use more
than one type of text in a lesson, e.g. two different reading comprehension texts.
Accessible text: Make the text more accessible for learners by highlighting key
ideas. This means you can use the same text for all learners, but for the less able,
highlight the important ideas in their text in advance of the lesson.
Link content to student interests: Choose content which matches the students
interests. Students are more willing to read about what interests them. A
mathematics genius would prefer to read a complex maths text, but would you?
Multiple Intelligences: Teach content in different ways to meet the needs of
students preferred learning styles, e.g., visual, auditory, kinaesthetic. This doesnt
mean that you need many different types of learning activities in one lesson, but
over time you should aim to include multiple intelligences in your lesson plans. This
will make your lessons more interesting and engaging.
Vocabulary Lists: Provide a list of new vocabulary for the less able students.
Translations are helpful.
Word Walls: display words and definitions relevant to the topic on the walls.
Pictures: Use pictures to help the less able students understand the content.
Dictionaries: Provide dictionaries for all students. Provide different levels of
dictionaries for different levels of students.
Global connections: Bring the outside world into the classroom through trips, using
multi-media (e.g. video) and the internet.

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What are some ways that you already differentiate the content for
your students?
How do you differentiate the content for the different levels within
your class?

Try

This
ssi

Choose some of the strategies suggested to meet the differing levels of


students in your class.

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33

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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34

8. Differentiating the Learning Process


There are many different ways our students can learn the content. We need to find the
most efficient and effective ways; and for different students this means different
approaches.

PROCESS
CONTENT

The way the


content is learnt

List the different processes you use to teach the content. Highlight
the processes you use most often.

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Strategies to Differentiate the Learning Process


Flexible grouping: Use flexible grouping (mixed ability groups, ability groups, interest
groups) depending on the task you want the students to do.

Mixed ability groups: students learn from each other in mixed ability groups. The
more able learn by teaching the less able, and the less able benefit. They often feel
more comfortable asking questions of their peers.

Ability Groups: When necessary, place students in ability groupings. This way
students can work on different levels of tasks and the teacher can provide
extension and support where needed.

Interest Groups: motivation will increase when students can choose a group
according to a common interest.

Tiered activities: all learners work with the same important understandings and skills,
but at different levels of support, challenge, or complexity. For example, students are
given the same content, but three different worksheets, with different levels of
scaffolding. They are called tiered activities as typically tasks are differentiated to 3
levels.
Anchor activities: These are activities students can do when they have completed their
work. They can be projects, additional tasks, games or puzzles. The activities should
relate to the learning objective/s. They are often referred to as enrichment activities.
There should always be a place in the class where students can get an anchor activity
to work on when they have finished their work.
Time: Some students are given more time to complete tasks. Other students are given
less time and can move on to extension or an anchor activity.
Translation: Provide first language translation for students who may need it.
Instructions: Write written instructions on the board, as well as giving oral
instructions. This will help both visual and auditory learners.

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Examples of Tiered Activities


Reading
Level 1

Students read a text with key ideas highlighted. Questions are adapted
for their level.
Students read the same text as level 1. There are more advanced
questions, but reference where to locate in the text may be given.
Same text as for levels 1 and 2. Same questions as for level 2, but no
reference support provided.

Level 2
Level 3

Writing-a narrative
Level 1

A sequence of pictures with key words/phrases provided.

Level 2

A sequence of pictures with no key words or phrases.

Level 3

No picture sequence.

Speaking
Level 1

Sentence starters provided. Key words/phrases given.

Level 2

Key words/phrases provided.

Level 3

No additional support.

Try

This
ssi

Choose some of the strategies suggested to meet the differing levels of


students in your class.

Give the students a choice about the level they work at.

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

37

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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9. Differentiating the Learning Product


One of the most effective strategies in the differentiated classroom
is the use of choice.
Students can demonstrate their learning in a variety of ways; it doesnt always have to be
the same kind of assessment. Giving students a choice gives a sense of empowerment, and
naturally increases their motivation and engagement.

How the learning


is demonstrated
sthe content is
learnt
What are different ways you get students to demonstrate their

PRODUCT
SCONTEN
T

learning. Highlight the approaches you use often.

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39

Strategies for Differentiating the Learning Product


Differentiating the Product
Consider different ways students can demonstrate their learning.
They could:
talk about their learning
write (creative writing and factual writing)
use pictures
use mind maps and other graphic organisers
use software tools for presentations, such as PowerPoint
use drama
build models
use multi-media tools e.g., You Tube videos
make posters
use songs
write journal prompts
create role-plays
build word walls and/or vocabulary lists
participate in highly structured and interactive games

Give students a choice about how they could demonstrate their learning.
They could
choose to work as individuals, pairs or groups
select from a MENU or CHOICE BOARD

Try

This
ssi

Choose a different way for students to demonstrate their learning from


the strategy list.

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40

Try

This
ssi

Choice Boards

Example 1

CHOICE BOARD Choose one activity to demonstrate your learning. You can work on your
own or in a group.
RESEARCH advantages and
disadvantages about the
internet and show on a
GRAPHIC ORGANISER.

Create a SONG about the


Internet and be ready to
present to the class.

INTERVIEW a grandparent
or older person about life
before the internet. Prepare
a 2 minute SPEECH.

INTERVIEW a grandparent
or older person about life
before the internet. Write a
REPORT.

Write a SURVEY finding out


how many hours per day
friends use the internet.
Present as a GRAPH and
write a conclusion.

Draw a CARTOON about the


Internet.

Example 2
Learning Objective: to demonstrate understanding of the key elements of a novel.
Choose one activity from each line.
Write a character analysis
Complete a graphic
Name and draw the main
for the main character in
organiser for the main
character. Include 5
the story.
character.
adjectives to describe the
character.
Build a miniature stage
Draw a picture describing
Write a poem describing the
setting for the story.
three settings in the story.
setting in the story.

Use a timeline to describe


at least 7 events.

Write a new beginning or


ending to the story,

Make a board game about


the story. Include the key
events

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41

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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42

10. Differentiating the Lesson Plan


Differentiation is the adjustment of teaching and learning experiences
to meet the needs of all students in a class.
There are a range of strategies which can be used to support differentiated learning. As a
teacher you need to think beyond the strategies and think about what it is that each of your
students need to achieve the learning objective of a lesson. Then you plan to differentiate
aspects of the lesson, only if it is necessary.

Differentiation is not a strategy; it is a way of thinking.

Knowing your curriculum


Knowing your students
Using that knowledge to support student learning

Differentiation

How do you currently differentiate your lesson plans for the


different student levels?

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43

Example of a Differentiated Lesson Plan

Learning Objective
Same overarching
objective
By the end of the lesson, you will
be able to write a letter requesting information

Content: Success criteria adjusted


for different student levels

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
know and use the correct layout
Write a letter (with support) which includes a subject heading, a
statement of purpose, details of request, and a closing paragraph
with call for action and date required.
Starter
What must we include in a formal letter?
Process:
Mini whiteboard. (Mixed ability groups

Process:
Mixed
ability
grouping:
students
learn from
each other

Cooperative structure
to involve all students

hands-on
resource as
motivation
tool

Prior learning ascertained by observing

Main Activities
Activity 1
Pairs: blank template, and list of terms. Format letter
on the correct part of the template: e.g. address of
sender/ recipient, date, salutation /greeting, subject
heading, introductory paragraph, etc.
Activity 2
Teacher asks questions about an exemplar letter

Content:
Basic: support provided
Int/Advanced: reduced
support

Process/Content: Exemplar
provides model
Questions graded

Product: Tiered for ability:


Basic: match letter onto template
Intermediate: scaffolded template
Advanced: independent writing

Activity 3
Students write a letter requesting information.
What are the next steps for students?
Differentiate next lesson as required.

Plenary
Students use checklist to decide what further support they need.

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44

Try

This
ssi

Differentiate a Lesson

Choose your learning objective for the lesson.


Write an outline of the lesson.

Consider how the students can best achieve the learning objective.
What activities will you choose?

At what points in the lesson do you need to differentiate? The


content/process/product?

Differentiate the lesson to meet the needs of all students.

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45

My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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46

11. Giving Feedback to Students


Students should receive constructive feedback about how to improve.
Feedback on the work, not the person, is important for both learning and
motivation.
Marking students work takes a lot of teacher time. How helpful is your marking for your
students?
If we must mark, why not make it a productive and meaningful exercise? Research has
shown that students respond best to written comments about their work rather than marks.
This is what we should aim for.

Recipe for Success


Here is a recipe for success for both marking and verbal comments about student work.

IN RELATION TO THE SUCCESS CRITERIA

Celebrate the success

highlight what was done


well

Indicate area(s) for


improvement

indicate where work


could be improved

Suggest how to improve

give a reminder
provide a scaffold
give an example

Suggest how to improve

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

time given
to make
improvements

47

Example

Ensure that your comments are specific and about the work, not the student.
Good boy or Well done is not going to help the student improve.

How do you give oral feedback in class? How do you give written
feedback?
What challenges do you face?

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48

Try

This
ssi

Written Feedback
Include a medals and mission (Wiliam, 1998)2 card for each student when you
mark their work, or write medals and missions into their books. Dont forget
to give them time to make the improvement.

MEDALS AND A MISSION

Try

Try

This
ssi

This
ssi

Oral Feedback
Tell a student what they have done well before following up with a suggestion
for improvement.

Assessment for Learning Strategies


Refer to the list of strategies. They will help you identify more about your
students learning and enable you to give effective feedback.

Remember to differentiate for your different student levels.

Black and Wiliam, Assessment and Classroom Learning (Assessment in Education, 1998)

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Assessment for Learning Feedback Strategies


Checklist
Normally related to success criteria, checklists allow for directed self and peer assessment
and create an expectation of the students to provide thoughtful answers.
Parking Lot
Students can post questions or statements about their learning. This provides opportunity
for the teacher and peers to see learning accomplished.
Mini Whiteboards
Mini whiteboards are used as a formative assessment tool to find out what participants
already know and understand. This provides feedback on whether differentiation is
needed.
Traffic Light cards/sheets
Students use red, green and orange/amber colours to show how they feel about their level
of understanding of an activity/task.
The colours could be on cards to be held up or placed somewhere for prominent display, or
they could be coloured in beside a checklist of .. (e.g. success criteria, categories,
descriptors, etc).

Green means the student feels comfortable/confident with their level of


understanding;
Orange/amber means the student is unsure they understand as well as they should;
Red means the student is confused or has little understanding of the desired
learning.

Thumbs

Similar to traffic lights, students can quickly be asked thumbs up, thumbs
flat/level/horizontal, or thumbs down. No resources are required! This can easily
lead on to great feedback/feed forward discussion.

Emoticons
Again similar to traffic lights and thumbs, students can draw emoticons (happy, noncommittal or sad faces) to display perceived understanding. This can also be used as quickly
visualized feedback to peers (or teacher to student).
Emoticons can also be
provided/printed on their sheets so they only need to identify (shade, tick, circle, etc) the
appropriate one.
Learning Journal

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Students keep their own journal to record progress in learning. Progress could be recorded
in the form of emoticons, traffic lights, thumbs, simple statements or musings of a
feedback/feed forward nature.
Medals and Missions
Students write feedback on what has been done well (medals) before focusing on the next
learning steps (mission).
Two Stars and a Wish
Two stars are given for what has been done well in relation to the learning objective. One
wish for improvement is suggested.
Self/Peer assessment (with and without rubrics)
Students assess their own work or that of a peer. This could be using checklists for them to
give a short written assessment, or rubrics so they just need to identify the correct
description of the work.

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My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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52

12. Managing a Differentiated Classroom


Classroom management is about creating an environment that supports the
successful learning of a broad range of students.
When you differentiate the learning for different levels of students in your class, they may
not all be working on the same tasks at the same time. The way your lessons are organised
becomes very important to manage this.

Five key areas need to be managed


1. Managing Groups: group management needs to be planned for.
2. Managing Movement: efficient movement doesnt just happen. It needs to be broken
down step by step.
3. Getting Teacher Attention: when a teacher is working with one group, students from
other groups need to learn strategies for getting teacher attention, besides calling out.
4. Managing Student Output: when a teacher is working with other groups,
consideration needs to be given about how to keep students on task when they arent
being directly supervised.
5. Student Self- Management: students need to learn the skills to manage their time in a
differentiated class.
These five areas are interrelated, but all link to the key message that appropriate
behaviour is not inherent but must be taught, especially if a differentiated classroom is
going to function effectively.

Consider the five key areas.


What do you do well? What could you improve?

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53

Managing Groups and Movement


Have mixed ability groups as base groups. Students can then move to ability or other
grouping when required.
Train the students to move quickly and quietly into different groups as required. Practice
until they reach the required standard.
Use an agreed signal to get the students attention.
Getting Teacher Attention
Ask 3 before me: Teach students how to consult three other students or resources (e.g.,
word wall, front board) before asking the teacher for help.
Request Board: Students write their name and time on the board when they need help.
The teacher will refer to the list to provide student support. This enables the teacher to
work with other groups, while being aware of student needs.
Expert system: Students take turns to be the class expert. They are available to help
students when needed. Use a system for posting the expert for a day.
Self-Checking: Answer sheets are provided for students to check their own work when
they have finished.
Managing Work Output
Use a clock, timer tool or stop watch so that students can track the time when working
independently.
Teach and reinforce group roles, e.g. materials manager, timekeeper, participation
checker, so that group monitoring is practiced.
Have agreed contracts for work completion.
Additional Strategies
Provide a Learning Centre/Class Library which is relevant to the topic. The students can
access this centre during the lesson, or when they have completed their work.
Anchor/ Enhancement Activities: These are relevant activities which students can access
when they have completed assigned tasks. They should relate to the skills being
learned, and have a high interest value for students.

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Strategies for Managing a Differentiated Classroom


Try

This
ssi

The Quiet Signal


1. Teacher raises hand silently;
2. Teacher prompts students to raise their hand by counting to 5 (once
mastered by students, this prompt may be removed);
3. Students raise their hand (ideally within 5 seconds of teacher raising their
hand);
4. Teacher proceeds teaching only once all students are quiet with their
hand raised.
The Quiet Signal quickly and effectively demands the attention of
participants, requiring a whole body response.
Response to the Quiet Signal needs to be effective within 5 seconds.
The Quiet Signal is used to get participants attention without
having to raise voices.
A Quiet Signal can take many different forms but it should be:

quick;
visual;
time-saving;
routine.

Copyright by LeapEd Services Sdn Bhd

Common Issues

Students are not taught how to use the signal and have not practised using it.
Use is inconsistent and/or it is overused.
A common mistake is that teachers use the quiet signal, but keep talking themselves,
or dont insist on all pens down, eyes to the front and no talking until permission is
given to continue.

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55

Try

This
ssi

Observation Tool

Ask a colleague or your SISC+ Guide to observe you managing your differentiated lesson
using this observation tool. This will show you what you need to work on.

Managing a Differentiated Classroom

Yes? No?
N/A

Comment

Managing Groups and Movement


Students are grouped appropriately for the
activity, i.e. mixed or ability grouping, or by
choice.
Students move efficiently and quietly when
required.
An agreed signal is used to get the
students attention and it is effective.
Getting Teacher Attention
There are established strategies used for
students to gain teacher attention when
she/he working with other students.
There are established systems in place for
students to support each other, instead of
being solely reliant on the teachers input.
Systems are in place for self checking
completed work.
Managing Work Output
A system is used for students to track time
for expected work completion.
Agreed contracts are in place for work
completion and consequences for non
completion.
Self Management
A learning centre or resource centre is available
for students to access materials.
Relevant/Anchor activities are available for
students who have completed their work.

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My Personal Action Plan


Name

Date

My goal is to

To achieve this I will

What I did
(give details of your
actions)

What was successful?


(give details and
examples)

What were the


challenges?
(give details and
examples)

Next, I am going to
(create a new personal
action for your next
steps)

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57

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Differentiated Lesson Plans

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61

Differentiated Lesson Plan (1): Writing

Lesson Plan

Subject: English

Theme: Social Issues


Skill: Writing
Class:
Topic: Internet
Date
Learning Standard Code: 2.3 vi
Moral Value:
Writing articles on specific areas
Rationality
Learning Objectives:
Success Criteria
By the end of the lesson you will
I will be successful if I can
be able to source main ideas on a draw on own knowledge for ideas;
topic
source ideas through reading texts ;
organise ideas into a table;
select main ideas from a bank of ideas.
Key Concepts/ Key Vocabulary:
Resources:
Internet, advantages, disadvantages
Mini white boards, differentiated
texts, speaking frame
Lesson Outline
Differentiation
Starter
Content/Process: Instructions
Say and write statement on the board: THE INTERNET
spoken/written to differentiate for
IS DOWN. What can you not do today?
learning preference.
2 minutes to write ideas on mini whiteboard.
Content: Question levels directed
On signal, show their boards. T identifies key ideas
to students ability levels.
from students and asks students to expand.
Main
Activity 1: mixed ability groups -4 students per group.
Activity 1
Activities
Students each write heading The Internet and two
Process: Students support each
columns: advantages/ disadvantages. On teacher
other in mixed ability teams
instruction, write one idea and pass paper to person on
Process: Students read and build
left. Continue for 5 minutes.
on ideas of peers.
Activity 2:: students jigsawed into four ability teams to
Activity 2
collect ideas and evidence. (Refer to Resource 1)-10
Content: ability grouping for
minutes in jigsaw group.
students to work at level.
Activity 3: Return to home groups and report on reading. Activity 3
Each member has 2 minutes. Add to the advantages and
Process: One lead in each group
disadvantages table from Activity 1.
identified to ensure all have notes
Identify a team lead to support less able students in
recorded.
group.
Plenary

Homework

Think Pair Share:


With partners- Think: Choose the most significant
advantage and most significant disadvantage from your
list and say why. Write on mini whiteboard. Pair/Share:
1 minute 30 seconds each to share ideas. Speaking frame
on board as choice In my opinion the main advantage
isbecause Students coach partner if required and give
praise after contributing.
Give choice:
Research internet advantages and disadvantages and
write notes.
Talk: to parents/grandparents about life before
internet: notes of tape recording.
Make up a song I love the internet-in groups

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Process: Thinking time is given.


Content: Speaking frame placed on
board for students who need it.
Write instructions on board and
give orally.
Product: Choice Board for interest

61

Lesson Plan Resource (1)

Activity 1
Basic
Students are given sentence strips. Each strip is a simple sentence stating an advantage or
disadvantage of the Intenet. Students read and sort into sets.
Intermediate
Students are given key words related to the Internet (advantages and disadvantages). They
write as sentences.
Advanced
Students write their own sentences stating the advantages and disadvantages of the
Internet.
Homework Activity: Choice Board
The choice board gives students the opportunity to demonstrate their learning according to
their learning preference. Students can choose one option.
CHOICE BOARD Choose one activity to demonstrate your learning. You can work
on your own or in a group.
RESEARCH advantages
and disadvantages
about the internet and
show on a GRAPHIC
ORGANISER.

Create a SONG about


the Internet and be
ready to present to
the class.

INTERVIEW a
grandparent or older
person about life
before the internet.
Prepare a 2 minute
SPEECH.

Draw a CARTOON
about the Internet.

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

INTERVIEW a
grandparent or older
person about life
before the internet.
Write a REPORT.

Write a SURVEY
finding out how many
hours per day they
use the internet.
Present as a GRAPH
and write a
conclusion.

62

Differentiated Lesson Plan (2): Literature

Lesson Plan

Subject: English
(Literature)
Learning Standard Code:
3.1.ii
Learning Objectives:
By the end of the lesson
you will know key
vocabulary essential for
understanding a poem

Theme: Social Issues


Topic: Poem In the Midst of Hardship
Moral Value: Courage

Skill: Reading

Class:
Date:

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
work out meanings of words and phrases;
create a mini dictionary;
restate words/phrases in a different context;
identify the difference between words and phrases.
Key Concepts/ Key Vocabulary:
Resources: Poem
Refer to lesson
Lesson Outline
Differentiation
Starter
Connect to prior learning: Teacher says a list of words
and phrases from the poem. After each one, students
call out WORD or PHRASE (a word is single; phrase is
more than one word) whether it is a word or phrase.
Main
Activity 1
Activity 1
Activities
Students work in ability groups. -4 students per group.
Process: all have same content, but a
Explain students are going to learn important
different process for learning new
vocab/phrases to help them understand a poem. Give
words/phrases
instructions/give out resources.
Basic: Use definitions and bilingual dictionary to write
meanings in first language or draw pictures.
Advanced: Use own knowledge, their peers knowledge
and dictionary, plus reference to the poem to work out
meanings. Add to mini dictionary.
Activity 2
Activity 2
Basic: Flashcards - for learning new words and phrases
Process: different process for
Advanced: Choice board - choice of ways to
learning words
demonstrate understanding of vocabulary.
Product: choice about how to
demonstrate learning.
Plenary

Students move around the room, sharing a new word or


phrase with different students.

Process: Learn from each other

Homework

Give students a list of words to learn:


Basic 6 words
Advanced All new words

Content

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Lesson Plan Resource (2)

Poem: In the Midst of Hardship by Latiff Mohidin


Activity 1: Mini Dictionary
Basic Students draw illustrations and or write the meaning in their first language in
column 4.
Intermediate/Advanced Delete the content in column 3 (meaning) and students write their
own meaning.
NB Students only work on the vocabulary they are unfamiliar with.

In the Midst of Hardship: Mini Dictionary


Part of
Vocabulary
speech

Meaning

My meaning or picture

always

all the time


approach, approached,
approaching

verb

between

preposition

bloated

adjective

born

adjective

brave

adjective

brow, brows

noun

buffalo

noun

carcass, carcasses

noun

chips

noun

cigarette leaves

noun

clothes

noun

complaint

noun

dawn

noun

come up to
He approached me
In the middle of two things
The cat is between two dogs
Full of liquid
His stomach is bloated.
Start of life
th
He was born on January 10 .
Not afraid.
He was brave because he saved
the woman from the fire.
The part of your face above your
eyes
An animal like a cow
A dead animal
(1) Fried potato pieces
(2) Pieces of wood off a tree
We use these to make cigarettes
The things we wear on our body.
His clothes are jeans and T-shirt
Say you dont like something.
The students made a complaint
about the food in the canteen
Very early morning

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day

noun

despair

adjective

desperately

adverb

flood

noun

find, found

verb

full of

verb

hardship

noun

horrendous

adjective

joke, jokes

noun

The birds start singing at dawn


The time between daylight and
dark.
To feel very upset or sad.
He is in despair because his
mother is very sick.
Wanting something very much
I desperately want to pass the
exams
A lot of water after a lot of rain
The flood came into our house
Found: past tense of find. To
come across something that was
lost. I found $100 on the road
A lot of
The bucket is full of water
When people dont have much
money or things.
Very bad.
It was a horrendous car accident
A funny story
My friend tells funny jokes

Where food is cooked.


My mother is cooking in the
kitchen.
We use these for walking.

kitchen

noun

leg, legs

noun

limb, limbs

noun

mark

noun

midst

noun

night

noun

pass, passed

verb

return

verb

roll, rolling

verb

scratch, scratches

noun

sigh

noun

sign

noun

soaky

adjective

stove

noun

tiny

adjective

Our arms and legs are called


limbs.
A line on something
The teacher made a mark on my
book
In the centre of middle
When it is dark
We sleep at night
When time has gone by
Go back
Turn over and over
Small cuts on the body
Say Ahhhhhh breathe out
A message
The sign said STOP
Very wet
We cook on this.
Very small

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torn

adjective

tree bark

noun

whole

adjective

without

preposition

wound/wounds

noun

Clothes which are cut or ripped.


My jeans were torn when I fell off
my bike.
The outside part of the tree

All
Leave something out
I drink tea without sugar
Large cuts on the body

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Activity 2
Basic:
Flash Cards
Use these flashcards for learning the new words. (On the reverse side of the flashcard, write
the first language translation of the English word).
Example:

dawn

[first language]

torn

legs
Advanced
Choice Board
Choose how you can show your understanding of the new words.
LEARNING NEW WORDS

WRITE as many of the DRAW a picture showing as


words as you can into a many of the new words as
paragraph.
you can in it.

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Make a WORDSEARCH quiz


using the new words

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Differentiated Lesson Plan (3): Literature

Subject: English (Literature)

Learning Standard Code: Learning Standard


Code: 3.1iii. Retell the poem in ones own
words. ii. find out meanings of words by using
dictionaries or contextual clues
Learning Objectives:
By the end of the lesson you will be able to
discuss ideas captured by adjectives/adjectival
phrases, and adverbs in stanza 1.

Lesson Plan
Theme: Social Issues
Topic: Poem In the
Midst of Hardship
Moral Value: Bravery

Skill:
Reading

Class:
Date:

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
talk about the sight images evoked in the first stanza of
the poem
state the feelings of the personae in stanza 1
Key Concepts/ Key Vocabulary:
Resources:
Dawn, soaky clothes torn, limbs marked by scratches, brows, despair,
Poem, gap fill
horrendous flood, bloated carcasses, chips of tree barks, albino buffalo
Lesson Outline
Differentiation
Give each group a picture/photograph of a scene from
Starter
a flood with an accompanying task/questions
Students have 2 minutes to write answers to questions
Students to share responses across groups.
Activity 1
Activity 1
Main
Y chart: Students seated in groups of 4. They complete a
Activities
sense chart on what they know about floods things they Process: Students support each
other in mixed ability teams
see, sounds they hear and what they feel.

Plenary

Homework

Activity 2 ability based groups


Vocabulary activity 1:
Students given the first stanza of the poem. They engage in
a choice of activities to develop their understanding of the
poem by focusing on words/phrases which evoke their
sense of sight. (i.e. drawing, matching pictures to phrases,
working on synonym).
Activity 3
Team Interview Build new groups where students share
learning from previous activity using their products.
Think Pair Share: Students share with partner what they
have learned about stanza 1: Students coach partner if
required and give praise after contributing.
Students work on paraphrasing stanza I in different ways
Basic: gap filling activity
Advanced: write a narrative paragraph

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Activity 2
Process: Task varied for different
student levels

Process: support and coaching

Process and content

69

Lesson Plan Resource (3)

Activity 2
Basic
Students draw pictures of the following (or give illustrations for students to match two words
and phrases).
dawn
stove
legs full of wounds

soaky clothes
limbs marked by scratches
on the brows there was not a sign of despair

Advanced
Students use dictionaries to match synonyms to words and phrases.
Depression; forehead; arms; oven; drenched; sunrise; start; water-logged; sunrise; cuts;
legs; misery; limbs; cuts; beginning; gashesfire; grazes; injuries; cooker; upset
dawn

soaky
clothes

stove

limbs
marked by
scratches

legs full of
wounds

on their
brows there
was not a sign
of despair

Homework
Basic
There was a___________ . The farmers came home at ___________ . Their ___________
were wet and torn. Their arms and ___________ were cut and scratched. They went to the
___________ to get warm. But the ___________ did not look upset.

Advanced
Write a paragraph to tell the story of the first stanza.

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Differentiated Lesson Plan (4): Writing

Subject: English language

Lesson Plan
Theme: Environment
Topic: Tsunami disaster

Skill: Writing

Learning Standard Code:


2.3(a)

Moral Value:
Cooperation

Cross-Curricular Links
Science

Class:
Date

Learning Objectives:
Success Criteria
By the end of the lesson
I will be successful if I can:
you will know the
sequence the key elements of a report;
essential elements in a
identify topic sentence, supporting details and examples in paragraphs.
written report.
Key Concepts/ Key Vocabulary:
Resources: Burger illustration,
Report, introduction, paragraph, opening sentence, topic sentence,
tsunami/earthquake image,
supporting details, summary
Worksheet A, B, C and D.

Starter

Main
Activities

Plenary

Lesson Outline
Introduction: Teacher shows a burger illustration (e.g. bun,
lettuce) to students and asks several exploration questions
such as what would happen if you took the bottom part of
the bun away? The students give feedback to the teachers
questions. Explain that the same happens if all components
are not present in a report. The burger represents a report.
Activity 1
Students move to ability groupings (4 students per group).
Explain students are going to learn how the essential parts
to writing a factual report fit together.
Basic: Worksheet A: Students label the burger diagram with
the following 5 elements: 1) Introduction 2) First main
paragraph3) Second main paragraph 4) Third main
paragraph 5) Fourth main paragraph 6) Conclusion
Advanced: Also complete Extension Activity.
Activity 2
Basic: Worksheet B: Pairs have paragraphs cut into sentence
strips. Pairs sort in sequential order and glue onto template.
Advanced: Content of all paragraphs cut into sentence
strips. Pairs sort paragraphs into sequential order

Teacher names an element of the burger and students name


the report link by writing the word on their mini whiteboard
and hold up. : e.g. top bun = introduction

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Differentiation
Content/Process: Instructions
spoken/written to differentiate
for learning preference.
Content: Question levels
directed to students ability
levels.

Content: an extension activity


for more able students

Process: scaffolded support


differentiated for groups

Teacher able to identify students


who need more support.

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Lesson Plan Resource (4)

Activity 1
Write the key elements of a report in the spaces on the burger.

Key elements of a report


Second Main Paragraph
Introduction
Fourth Main Paragraph
Conclusion
First Main Paragraph
Third Main Paragraph
Extension Activity:
Sequence these points to
make up a paragraph:

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Supporting details
Summary of ideas
Topic sentences

72

Activity 2
Delete the main paragraph sentences to form a blank template. Copy one template per pair of
students. Cut sentences into strips. Students glue strips onto template.
Basic Give students cut up paragraph sentences (mixed) in paragraph sets.
Advanced Give students all sentences, mixed up.
In 2011 there was an earthquake in Japan. It was huge and caused a lot of
damage. There was a tsunami which killed many people and there was
damage to the nuclear power stations in Japan. There are many things to be
done in Japan after the earthquake.
The earthquake struck at 2:46 p.m. near Sendai on Honshu Island.
It was magnitude 9.0 which is one of the largest earthquakes ever recorded.
It lasted for 3-5 minutes.
It was so big that it moved Honshu Island two metres.
The earthquake caused a tsunami.
It was one of the largest tsunamis ever recorded.
Some of the waves were 10 metres high.
The tsunami killed more than 20,000 people. Many villages have been
destroyed.
The earthquake and tsunami damaged the nuclear power stations in Japan.

Topic sentence
Supporting detail
Supporting detail
Summary of ideas

Radiation has leaked into the environment.


Some seafood and vegetables from Japan are not safe to eat.
Many peoples lives and health have been affected by the radiation.
There are many things for Japan to do to recover from the damage.
They need to build new homes and businesses.
They will also need to find new way to get electricity.
It will cost a lot of money to aid the recovery.
The earthquake was a very sad event for Japan. It was even worse because
of the tsunami and the nuclear problems.

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Differentiated Lesson Plan (5): Reading

Lesson Plan
Subject: English language

Theme: Health
Topic: Blindness

Learning Standard Code:


2.2 (a) (b)

Moral Value: Helping one another

Skill: Reading

Class:
Date

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the lesson
you will be able to:
scan a text to find key
information

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
predict the storyline from the introduction and conclusion
move the eyes quickly over the page to find key words and phrases
work out important ideas from scanning a text
scan for answers using signpost questions
Key Concepts/ Key Vocabulary:
Resources:
Dealing with blindness/being sightless, caring for others, facing adversity.
Reading text (differentiated), cut
Vocabulary, Collaborative learning, AfL , Thinking skills & Differentiation
up intro + conclusion
(differentiated); dictionaries
Lesson Outline
Differentiation
Starter
Teacher gives a clue about an item in the classroom.
Content: Write the item word on
Students scan the room to find the item. Ask: what does this the board to provide both visual
activity tell us about our reading strategy today? (scanning)
and aural needs.
Main
Activity 1: Predicting the story line:
Basic: Simplified version. Sort sentence strips. Predict story
Activities
Content: simplified text with
events.
cues
Advanced: (a) Choose 3 key words/phrases from each
paragraph (b) Write a sentence to summarise both
introduction and conclusion (c) write a sentence to predict
what will happen in the story.
Activity 2: Scanning for details
Teacher explanation about how to run eyes quickly over the
text. Students practice.
Content: More able work with
Basic T gives 5 key words/phrases. Students scan and
more words and phrases
highlight.
Advanced: T gives 12 key words. Students scan and
highlight.
Activity 3: Signpost questions
Basic: scan for answers using signpost questions (paragraph
referenced).
Process: additional support
Advanced: scan for answers using signpost questions (not
provided for students who need
paragraph referenced)
it.
Plenary

In pairs: one student gives a word or phrase: partner scans


to find it. Take turns.
Refer to success criteria for lesson success.

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Lesson Plan Resource (5)

Activity 1
Basic
(a) Sort the sentence strips into sequence to make a paragraph.
(b) Give an oral or written prediction of the story events.
Cut sentences into strips for sorting the introduction.
It had been a year since Jasmine had become blind.
She lost her eyesight after an accident.
She knew she would never get her eyesight back.
She was angry and frustrated. She felt a burden to everyone around her.
Each day was a struggle.

Cut sentences into strips for sorting the conclusion.


Jasmine cried with happiness.
She couldnt see Raj, but she could sense him.
She was lucky because of his love for her.
His gift of love brought light back into her life.

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Activity 1
Advanced
a) Choose 3 key words/phrases from each paragraph.
b) Write a sentence to summarise both introduction and conclusion.
c) Write a sentence to predict what will happen in the story.

Introduction
It had been a year since Jasmine, twenty eight, had become blind. Due to an accident, she lost
her eyesight and was suddenly thrown into a world of darkness, anger, frustration and selfpity. She felt a burden to everyone around her. She knew she would never get her eyesight
back. Getting through each day was a struggle.
Conclusion
Tears of happiness rolled down Jasmine's cheeks. Although she couldn't physically see him,
she had always felt Raj's presence. She was so lucky because he had given her a gift more
powerful than sight, a gift she didn't need to see to believe - the gift of love that can bring
light where there had been darkness.

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Activity 2
Basic Highlight the key words or phrases to match the signpost statements.
It had been a year since Jasmine had become blind. She lost her eyesight
after an accident. She knew she would never get her eyesight back. She
was angry and frustrated. She felt a burden to everyone around her. Each
day was a struggle.
Jasmines husband, Raj, was an Air Force officer. He loved Jasmine with all
his heart. He wanted to help his wife become confident and independent
again.
After six months, Jasmine was ready to return to her job. Raj rode the bus
to work with her for two whole weeks. He taught her how to adapt to her
new environment. He got the bus drivers to help her and give her a seat in
the front.
Finally, Jasmine was ready to try the bus trip on her own. Each day she
was successful and she was getting her confidence back. She was going to
work all by herself! She was feeling independent again.
After one week of taking the bus on her own, the driver said to her, "Lady,
I sure envy you."
Curious, she asked the driver, "Are you talking to me?"
"Yes, ma'am."
"Why do you say you envy me?" she questioned.
"It must feel so good to be taken care of and protected like you are." the
driver answered.
Jasmine was puzzled. "What do you mean?" she asked.
The driver replied, "You know. Every morning, a man has been standing
across the street watching you when you get off the bus. He makes sure
you cross the street safely and he watches you until you enter your office
building. Then he blows you a kiss, and walks away. You are one lucky
lady."
Jasmine cried with happiness. She couldnt see Raj, but she could sense
him. She was lucky because of his love for her. His gift of love brought
light back into her life.

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Jasmine cannot see.


Jasmine is not happy.

Jasmine is married.
Jasmines husband
wants to help her.
Jasmine has a job.
Jasmine has help.

Jasmine takes the bus


by herself.
Jasmine is confident.
Jasmine has been taking
the bus for one week.
The bus driver envies
Jasmine.

Jasmines husband
loves her very much.

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Activity 2
Advanced Highlight the key words or phrases based on the signpost questions.
The Gift of Light
It had been a year since Jasmine, twenty eight, had become blind. Due to an accident, she lost her
eyesight and was suddenly thrown into a world of darkness, anger, frustration and self-pity. She felt
a burden to everyone around her. She knew she would never get her eyesight back. Getting through
each day was a struggle.
Jasmines husband, Raj, was an Air Force officer and he loved Jasmine with all his heart. When she
first lost her sight, he was determined to help his wife gain the confidence she needed to become
independent again.
After six months, Jasmine was ready to return to her job. Raj promised Jasmine that each morning
and evening, he would ride the bus with her. For two whole weeks, Raj accompanied Jasmine to and
from work each day. He taught her how to rely on her other senses and how to adapt to her new
environment. He got the bus drivers to watch out for her and save her a seat in the front.
Finally, Jasmine was ready to try the bus trip on her own. Each day on her own was successful and
she was getting her confidence back. She was going to work all by herself! She was feeling
independent again.
The driver replied, "You know. Every morning for the past week, a man in a military uniform has
been standing across the street watching you when you get off the bus. He makes sure you cross the
street safely and he watches you until you enter your office building. Then he blows you a kiss, and
walks away. You are one lucky lady."
Tears of happiness rolled down Jasmine's cheeks. Although she couldn't physically see him, she had
always felt Raj's presence. She was so lucky because he had given her a gift more powerful than
sight, a gift she didn't need to see to believe - the gift of love that can bring light where there had
been darkness.
(Extracted and adapted from www.ezsoftech.com/stories)

Jasmine cannot see.


Jasmine is not happy.
Jasmine takes the bus by herself.
Jasmine has help.
Jasmines husband loves her very much.
The bus driver envies Jasmine.

Jasmines husband wants to help her.


Jasmine has a job.
Jasmine is married.
Jasmine is confident.
Jasmine has been taking the bus for one week.
Jasmine has the gift of love.

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74

Differentiated Lesson Plan (6): Literature

Subject: English Language


Theme: Poetry
Topic: He Had Such Quiet Eyes
Context: pre-reading students
have not seen the poem
previously

Lesson Plan
Class:
Learning Outcome:
3.0 3.1c
Key Vocabulary:
Features; attraction
Eyes; height; physique; mouth;
advice; emotion

Time:
Moral Values:
Rationality
Resources:
Selection of pictures of well-known
persons.
Worksheet 1 3 levels
Worksheet 2 Text Messages
Emotion cards
Worksheet 3 Emotion Graph

Learning Objective:
By the end of the lesson you
will be able to recognise that a
person may have good looks
but may not be a good person.
Time
5 min.

15
min.

10
min.

10
min.

Success Criteria:
I will be successful if I can
Identify what features attract me to a person
Explain why those features attract me to a person
Give brief advice to a friend
Listen to a poem and offer an emotional response
Starter Activity: (individual + pair work)
Corners (Cooperative structure)
Prior to lesson: Teacher identifies 4 physical features which may attract: eyes/height/mouth/physique
1. Teacher asks, Why would you be physically attracted to someone?
2. Students write their corner selection on mini-white board.
3. Students move to their corners.
4. Students form pairs + share explanation of their response using Timed Pair Share (co-operative
structure).
Activity 1: Writing + Speaking & Listening (individual + pair work)
1. Students select a picture of a well-known person they find attractive (physical appearance).
2. Students write a description of the person, explaining the features they find attractive.
3. Students work with shoulder partners to read aloud and share written responses.
Activity differentiated by content 3 different levels of writing support.
Activity 2: Writing (group work)
Students work in groups to create a text message explaining that they have just met someone they
are attracted to and what it is about his/her physical appearance that is attractive.
Students send the message to their groups. Each person in the group responds to the text
message.
Teacher then draws class together for discussion, What would your response contain?
Eliciting the concept of advice.
Activity 3: Listening (individual work)
Distribute emotion cards
Teacher reads through poem
After reading teacher asks students to indicate their feeling after hearing the poem, using the
emotion cards/writing on their mini - whiteboards
Teacher reads poem again. This time students are to indicate their feeling about the poem as it is
read.
Distribute blank emotion graph and explain activity.
Teacher reads poem again.
Students indicate their feeling on the emotion graph.
Differentiation by product.

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5
min.

Plenary Activity: (whole class work)


LINKS - Teacher creates cards for whiteboard for phrases,
He had such quiet eyes
They were two pools of lies
If only she had been wise
Be sure that nice really means nice
Teacher selects 2 students (using a selector tool) to identify the link between the 4 phrases and 2
students to explain the link. Class agree or disagree (using mini whiteboards).
Reflection
Progress - Learning Objectives
Follow -up
Lesson Improvements

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Lesson Plan Resource (6)

Resource sheet 2
Malaysian Celebrities
Ladies:
1.

Emma Maembong

2.

Elfira Loy

3.

Neelofa

Zizan Razak

2.

Zain Saidin

3.

Fizo Omar

Man:
1.

Resource sheet 3
Physical Attraction
Name:
Date :

Glue your selected image into the box below:


Face

Eyes
and

Hair

Glue your
image here

Physique

Mouth and teeth

Clothes

Height

Complete the sentences below:


1. He/she has ________________ eyes.
2. He/she has got ______________hair.
3. He/she has _________________face.
4. He/she is _____________. (physique)

5.
6.
7.
8.

He/she is _______________. (height)


He/she has _______________mouth.
He/she has got _____________teeth.
He/she wears _____________clothes.

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83

Physical Attraction (basic)


Glue your selected image into the box below:
Eyes
and

Face

Hair

Glue your
image here

Physique

Mouth and teeth

Clothes

Height

Complete the sentences below:


1.
2.
3.
4.

He/she has _____________________.


He/she has got __________________.
He/she has _____________________.
He/she is ______________________.

5.
6.
7.
8.

He/she is ______________________.
He/she has _______ and __________.
He/she has got __________________.
He/she wears ___________________ .

Physical Attraction (Advanced)


Glue your selected image into the box below:
Face

Physique

Eyes
and

Hair

Glue your
image here

Mouth and teeth

Clothes

Height
Write sentences to describe the identified physical features. Use simple connectors:
1. ___________________________________________________.
2. ___________________________________________________.
3. ___________________________________________________.
4. ___________________________________________________.
5. ___________________________________________________.
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Resource sheet 4
Text Messages
TASK:
Step 1: Create a text message to tell your friends you have just
met someone you are attracted to.
Step 2: Tell them why you are attracted to this person.
Step 3: Try to use not more than 120 characters.
Write your message here:

Reply from:

Friend one :

Friend two :

Friend three :

Resource sheet 5
Emotion Graph
He Had Such Quiet Eyes

Emotion
of reader

Line of
poem

Happy

Sad

Angry

Confused

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In love

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Differentiated Lesson Plan (7): Language

Lesson Plan
Subject: English Language
Theme: language for
informational purposes
Topic: advertising
Context: students will be
introduced to the use of
language in advertisements
this lesson

Class:
Learning Outcome:
2.0 2.2 a/b/f

Time:
Moral Values:
Rationality

Key Vocabulary:
advertisement;
slogan
catchphrase
alliteration
consonance

Resources:
Selection of magazines
worksheet 1
Adverts selected by teacher for
activity 2 to reflect 3 differentiated
levels worksheet 2

Learning Objective:
By the end of the lesson you
will be able to talk about how
advertisements use words to
persuade us to buy

Success Criteria:
I will be successful if I can
talk about a personal response to an advertisement
identify key words advertisers uses to persuade
explain how the words are used

Time
5 min

Starter Activity: Teacher selects 5 well known advertisements which include slogans. Students match
the advertisements and slogans.
Activity 1: Reading + Speaking & Listening (individual + pair work)
1. Students choose three advertisements which appeal to them.
2. Students use worksheet 1 to demonstrate personal response to advertisements.
10 min
3. Students share response with shoulder partner.
Activity 2: Reading (group work)
1. Teacher models how to look at the words used by advertisers.
2. Students use advert selected by teacher, according to student mastery level, to complete their
10 min
own example - worksheet 2.
(differentiation by content)
10 min Activity 3: Reading + Speaking & Listening (pair work)
1. Students select one of their adverts from activity 1 and complete the table from activity 2.
2. Students prepare a poster transferring the information from worksheet 1 + 2.
3. Students practice to present their posters to another pair.
5 min
(differentiation by process)
Plenary Activity:
Gallery walk: View posters, noting new information and make suggestion
Reflection
Progress - Learning Objectives
Follow -up
Lesson Improvements

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Lesson Plan Resource (7)

Resource sheet 1
Name:
Date :
Class :

Advertisements
What makes you look at this advert?
Write your response in the boxes below:
Advert

Product

Use of image

Use of colour

Use of words

Adverts and Words

Name:
Date :
Class :

How are words used in this advert?


Write your response in the boxes below:
Advert

Product

Word size (%)

Keywords

Use of slogans/
catch phrases

1
2

Teacher Tool Kit


Differentiated Teaching & Learning

88

Differentiated Lesson Plan (8): Writing

Same overarching
objective

Learning Objective
You will be able to write
a letter requesting information

Content: Success criteria adjusted


for different student levels
Process:
Mixed
ability
grouping:
students
learn from
each other

Success Criteria
I will be successful if I can
know and use the correct layout
Write a letter (with support) which includes a subject heading, a
statement of purpose, details of request, and a closing paragraph
Process:
with call for action and date required.
hands-on

Starter
resource as
What must we include in a formal letter?
motivation
Cooperative structure
tool
to involve all students
Mini whiteboard. (Mixed ability groups)
Prior learning ascertained by observing

Main Activities
Activity 1
Pairs: blank template, and list of terms. Format letter
on the correct part of the template: e.g. address of
sender/ recipient, date, salutation /greeting, subject
heading, introductory paragraph, etc.
Activity 2
Teacher asks questions about an exemplar letter.

Activity 3
Students write a letter requesting information.

Content:
Basic: support provided
Int/Advanced: reduced
support

Process/Content: Exemplar
provides model
Questions graded

Product: Tiered for ability:


Basic: match letter onto template
Intermediate: scaffolded template
Advanced: independent writing

Plenary
Students use checklist to decide what further support they need.
What are the next steps for students?
Differentiate next lesson as required.

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

89

Lesson Plan Resource (8)

Activity 1:
Basic
Cut out the key words and phrases and paste them on the correct place on the letter.

Senders name

Receivers Address

Senders Address

Date

Body of letter

Subject Heading

Receivers Title/Name Salutation

The Multi-Cultural Language Society,


Sekolah Menegah DatoIbrahim,
Jalan Segar,
56000 Kuala Lumpur
___________________________________________________________________________
The Chairman,
Parent-Teacher Association,
1 Jalan Ampang,
56000 Kuala Lumpur
9 April, 2014
Dear Sir/Madam,
Invitation to Officiate at the Cultural Food Festival
The Multi-cultural Language Society of Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim is organising a one-day
Cultural Food Festival on Sunday, 9 August 2014, from 9.00 a.m to 4.00 p.m.
The objective of the Cultural Food Festival is for both students and the community to try
different food and cultures and to raise awareness of the different cultures in Kuala Lumpur.
We plan to have an eating competition, a game contest and special chefs to host a cooking
demonstration.
We would be honoured for you to attend and officiate the opening of the festival.
On behalf of the Multi-Cultural Language Society, I look forward to your reply.
Yours faithfully,
Daniel Goh

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Activity 1:
Advanced
Place the key words and phrases on the correct position on the letter template.
Layout:
Senders Name

Senders Signature

Receivers Address

Receivers name/title

Date

Senders address

Salutation

Content:
Closing phrase

Subject heading

Statement of purpose

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

Details of Request

91

Activity 2
The teacher asks oral questions (at whole class level) to highlight the different elements of a
letter. The questions are directed to the students according to their level.
Sample Questions
Basic
1. Who wrote the letter?
2. Who is the letter to?
3. What date was the letter written?
4. What is the subject heading?
5. What is the closing phrase?

Advanced
1. What facts are included in the opening
paragraph?
2. What are the two main purposes of the
festival?
3. What two details have been included?
4. What punctuation is important?

The Multi-Cultural Language Society,


Sekolah Menengah DatoIbrahim,
Jalan Segar,
56000 Kuala Lumpur
__________________________________________________________________________________
The Chairman,
Parent-Teacher Association,
1 Jalan Ampang
56000 Kuala Lumpur
9 April, 2014
Dear Sir/Madam,
Invitation to Officiate at the Cultural Food Festival
The Multi-cultural Language Society of Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim is organising a one-day Cultural Food
Festival on Sunday, 9 August 2014, from 9.00 a.m to 4.00 p.m.
The objective of the Cultural Food Festival is for both students and the community to try different
food and cultures and to raise awareness of the different cultures in Kuala Lumpur.
We plan to have an eating competition, a game contest and special chefs to host a cooking
demonstration.
We would be honoured for you to attend and officiate the opening of the festival.
On behalf of the Multi-Cultural Language Society, I look forward to your reply.
Yours faithfully,
Daniel Goh

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

92

Activity 3: Task
As the President of the Science Club, create a letter to request information for an upcoming
event to visit the National Science Centre. Use the necessary prompts in the box below.
National Science Centre,
Kementerian Sains, Teknologi
dan Inovasi,
Persiaran Bukit Kiara,
50662, Bukit Kiara, Kuala Lumpur
Tel : +603-2089 3400
Fax : +603-2089 3401
Email : psn[at]psn.gov.my
Events date: 1st July, 2014
Time of visit: 10.00 am 1.00 pm
Points to consider:
Purpose of visit
Details of request on information such as students discount, lunch,
transport and facilities provided.
The Science Club,
Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim,
Jalan Segar,
56000, Kuala Lumpur

Differentiated Materials
Basic

: Place the letter in sequence onto a template.

Intermediate : Letter template with sentence starters provided.


Advanced

: No supporting resources.

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Differentiated Teaching & Learning

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Basic: Cut the letter strips and paste onto the template.
The objective of this visit is to look at aspects of science, technology and innovation as well
as to enjoy learning about science.
Dear Sir/Madam,
As the President of the Science Club, I would like to know if we can get students discount
for the admission fee. Can you tell me if lunch is included with the admission fee?
Yours faithfully,
Alisa Ahmad
National Science Centre,
Science Club visit to the National Science Centre on 1st July, 2014
2nd May, 2014
Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim,
Jalan Segar,
56000, Kuala Lumpur
The Science Club of Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim is planning for a half-day visit to the National
Science Centre on the 1st of July, 2014, from 9.00 am to 1.00 pm.
The Science Club,
Kementerian Sains,
Teknologi dan Inovasi,
Persiaran Bukit Kiara,
50662, Bukit Kiara, Kuala Lumpur
Looking forward for a favourable reply from you.
Thank you.

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Activity 3:
Intermediate

____________________________________________________________________________

___________________________

_________________

_____________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
The Science Club of Sek. Men. Dato Ibrahim is planning _____________________________
___________________________________________________________________________.
The purpose of this visit is to_____________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
As the President of the Science Club, I would like to know if___________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________.
Lastly, _____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________.
We would be very pleased if you could write to us before end of this month so that we can
make the necessary arrangements.
____________________________________________________________________.
______________________________
_____________________,
Alisa Ahmad

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References
Gardner, H., 1993. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. s.l.:Fontana Press.
Kagan, D. S. K. &. M., 2009. Kagan Cooperative Learning. s.l.:Kagan Publishing.
Black and Wiliam, Assessment and Classroom Learning (Assessment in Education, 1998)

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