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Water Purifiers

Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological

contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. The goal is to
produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption
(drinking water), but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other
purposes, including meeting the requirements of medical, pharmacological, chemical
and industrial applications. In general the methods used include physical processes
such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand
filters or biologically active carbon, chemical processes such as flocculation and
chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.

Features you should look for?

1. Storage capacity:
If yours is a joint family or you want to deploy it in to your office then your better find
for a more storage capacity purifier. There are water purifiers with large containers to
store water which can be used whenever required.
Direct Flow Water purifiers:
These water purifiers supply water on continuous basis and this type of water purifier
is very common at households. The tap of water is directly connected to the water
purifier for continuous supply of water.
Flow Rate of Water
Every water purifier will have its own highest capacity of water flow which if exceeded
will fail to purify water efficiently allowing bacteria to pass through filters. Sp per
minute volume of water that is been purified should match your requirement of water.
2. Body:
Without saying the water purifier should be light weight and portable. Design matter to
the extent that it should match the interior of the house or kitchen. So an attractive and
durable water purifier Is what you should look for. There are water purifiers available
in different metals.
Steel ensures total safety, hygiene and durability, for complete peace of mind.
Aluminum is a comparatively soft metal and it reacts with chemicals like salt and
minerals present in the water and ultimately produce aluminum oxides which are
injurious to health.

Which Technology you should Buy ?

UV system
UV purification system is efficient in removing disease bearing microorganism. It first
removes impurities through the filter and then treat the water with UV rays from UV
lamp fixes inside the filter for a particular intensity and time.
RO system
This is very popular purifier which eliminates microorganism like bacteria, viruses,
mineral and salts through semi permeable membrane. So the water goes through this
membrane with pressure as the level of water purification increases, requiring more
electricity to be used.

Which Filters you should Opt ?

The foundation maintains an extensive database searchable by type of water treatment
No filter will remove every contaminant, in part because the list of risky chemicals
keeps growing. But here are the most common types of filters and the major
contaminants they are designed to trap:
1. Carbon filters include countertop pitchers, faucet-mounted models, undersink
models (which usually require a permanent connection to an existing pipe), and
whole-house or point-of-entry systems (usually installed in the basement or
outside). Carbon, a porous material, absorbs impurities as the water passes
through. What they remove: Lead, PCBs, chlorine byproducts (chloramines and
trihalomethanes), certain parasites, radon, pesticides and herbicides, the
gasoline additive MTBE, the dry-cleaning solvent trichloroethylene, some volatile
organic compounds, some levels of bacteria (such as Cryptosporidium and
Giardia) and a small number of pharmaceuticals.
2. Reverse-osmosis systems push water through a semipermeable membrane,
which acts as an extremely fine filter. They're often used in conjunction with
carbon filters. However, these systems waste 4 to 9 gallons (15 to 34 liters) of
water for every gallon (3.8 liters) filtered. What they remove: Chemicals carbon
filters may miss, including perchlorate, sulfates, fluoride, industrial chemicals,
heavy metals (including lead), chlorine byproducts, chlorides (which make water
taste salty), and pharmaceuticals.
3. Ultraviolet light units disinfect water, killing bacteria. What they remove:
Bacteria. Experts recommend using them with carbon filters to remove other
4. Distillers, probably the least practical home method, boil and condense water.
While countertop units are available, distillers use lots of electricity, generate

excess heat, and require regular cleaning. Explore filters or other alternatives to
remove your contaminants, or, in a pinch, buy distilled water. What they
remove: Heavy metals (including lead), particles, total dissolved solids, microbes,
fluoride, lead, and mercury.

Electric v/s Manual, Storage v/s Non-Storage

Purifiers can be manual or electric. Purifiers that use Reverse Osmosis or UV
filtration usually are electric water purifiers. If you stay in a region with frequent
power cuts, a manual water purifier may be a better bet for you than an electric
one. Electric filters are also usually more expensive than the non-electric manual
ones. Electric filters use pipeline water and usually cannot be used to store
water. On the other hand, electric filters are convenient and ensure continuous
safe drinking water. A lot of manual filters use activated carbon and sediment
filters to purify water. These manual filters can also be used for drinking water
storage. Some of other manual filters are fitted directly to the tap. These water
purifiers usually use a resin filter for water purification. Storage water purifiers
may need more space. On the other hand, electric water purifiers too need a
dedicated space for purification. Hence, take space and area available into
account when you choose a purifier.