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The

Impact of Teleconnnec/on Driven


Pa5erns on Long-Range Transport into
Southern California
Marilyn B. Jones1, Jason
R. Schroeder2, Nicholas

K. Heath3, Sean W. Freeman4, Donald R. Blake2


1. University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO
2. University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA
3. Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
4. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

What are teleconnec/on driven


pa5erns?
Large-scale circulaOon paQerns
Covers an immense geographical area
El Nio Southern OscillaOon

hQps://www.ipcc.ch/publicaOons_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/gure-3-26.html

East Asias pollu/on impacts the


United States
Asian emissions could contribute 20 percent
of total ozone over the western U.S.

PolluOon damages our health, plants and


animals

Impact of large-scale circulaOon


paQerns on polluOon

MulO-year data

Lin 2010
hQp://www.nap.edu/catalog/12743/global-sources-of-local-polluOon-an-assessment-of-long-range

Sample Collec/ng

Back
trajectories
applied to all
samples

Above
15,000`

East Asia
Inuenced

Non-East
Asia
Inuenced

Below
15,000`

Chloroform-CHCl3
Mixing RaOo (ppt)

East Asian Inuence


Non-East Asian Inuence

n=34

n=21

SARP Years

n=8

Tetrachloroethylene-C2Cl4
Mixing RaOo (ppt)

East Asian Inuence


Non-East Asian Inuence

n=34

n=21

SARP Years

n=8

Methyl Chloride-CH3Cl
Mixing RaOo (ppt)

East Asian Inuence


Non-East Asian Inuence

n=34

n=21

SARP Years

n=8

Example of 2013 Trajectory

Example of 2014 Trajectory

Example of 2015 Trajectory

Ver/cal Prole of Chloroform


30000

Al/tude (feet)

25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
0

Flight 4 -Over Santa


Barbara Channel

10

15

Mixing Ra/o (ppt)

20

25

Back Trajectory of Santa Barbara Can

hQp://ready.arl.noaa.gov/hypub-bin/trajresults.pl?jobidno=145042

2013 Zonal Wind Anomaly

hQp://www.esrl.noaa.gov/

2014 Zonal Wind Anomaly

hQp://www.esrl.noaa.gov/

2015 Zonal Wind Anomaly

hQp://www.esrl.noaa.gov/

Possible Explana/ons
El Nio

Pacic Warm Blob

hQp://www.seaQleOmes.com/
hQp://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2015/20150305-noaa-advisory-elnino-arrives.html

Conclusion
El Nio or the Pacic Warm Blob could be
the main driver of this circulaOon dierence
happening this year
The two of these together could be blocking high
amounts of polluOon coming to
Southern California or bringing
it from dierent sources.

hQp://ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/pdf/factsheets/air/en.pdf

Future Studies
How El Nio or the Pacic Warm Blob are
impacOng long-range transport of polluOon
This could aect global polluOon policies
between East Asia and the United States

Acknowledgements

Dr. Jason Schroder


Professor Don Blake
Nicholas Heath
Sean Freeman
WAS Group
Dr. Emily Schaller
Rick SheQer
Rowland-Blake Lab
SARP 2015
DC-8 Flight Crew
NSERC
UND

References

Global Sources of Local PolluOon: An Assessment of Long-Range Transport of Key


Air Pollutants to and from the United States." Global Sources of Local Pollu0on: An
Assessment of Long-Range Transport of Key Air Pollutants to and from the United
States. 2009. Web. 1 Aug. 2015.
Kalnay, E. and Coauthors, 1996: The NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis 40-year Project. Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 437-471.
"Climate PredicOon Center - TeleconnecOon IntroducOon." Climate Predic0on
Center - Teleconnec0on Introduc0on. NOAA Center for Weather and Climate
PredicOon, 8 May 2008. Web. 1 Aug. 2015.
"Climate PredicOon Center - TeleconnecOon IntroducOon." Climate Predic0on
Center - Teleconnec0on Introduc0on. NOAA Center for Weather and Climate
PredicOon, 8 May 2008. Web. 1 Aug. 2015.
Doughton, Sandi. "Warm 'blob' o Our Coast May Explain Weird Weather." The
SeaCle Times. The SeaQle Time Company, 10 Apr. 2015. Web. 3 Aug. 2015.
"Elusive El Nino Arrives." NOAA: Elusive El Nio Arrives. NaOonal Oceanic and
Atmospheric AdministraOon, 5 Mar. 2015. Web. 3 Aug. 2015.