You are on page 1of 3

How To Make Graphene Oxide

Graphene has become one of the most important materials of the 21st century and there
exists a huge variety of methods for making it. Quite a few of these are well out of the
reach of the average small lab, independent researcher, inventor and experimenter.
However many of them are quite approachable and have been demonstrated in my videos
on youtube
Mostly, people have been interested in producing graphene and a lot of the methods get
you straight there. However, initially, the best way of making large amounts of graphene
was through a wet chemical method that first made graphene oxide and from that you
went back to graphene. As better and better methods were developed for getting straight
to graphene developed the wet chemical methods fell behind as they were dangerous,
expensive and needed practice to get right.
But, graphene oxide as a material in itself is well worth looking and and shouldn’t be
abandoned in the rush for graphene.
One of the best ways of producing large amounts of graphene oxide via a wet chemical
method is by the so-called ‘Tour’ method, which is an adaptation of the Hummer’s
The Method in this guide is from the paper ‘Improved Synthesis of Graphene Oxide’ that
appeared in ACSNano in July 2010. In the month that it appeared it was one of the most
downloaded of all scientific papers.
The method is really very simple, but if you are going to try it you will need a heated
stirrer as you have to stir the mix at 50 degrees centigrade for 12 hours and nobody wants
to do that by hand!
The video is at
and is called How To Make Graphene Oxide - The Tour Method

So What Do you Need?
For something like this you need to get the good stuff. Although you can use hardware
store items the results are never going to be as good as if you buy a few items of high
grade materials. For the graphite you will need flake graphite powder – you can try

. 2) Add 360mL of 96% sulphuric acid to the 500mL beaker. then add 40mL of 75% phosphoric acid (a 6:1 ratio)– the mixture will get a little warm – wear gloves and glasses 3) Stir the graphite and permanganate mix with one hand and add the acid mix to with the other stirring all the while. Materials 3 grams of Graphite 18 grams of Potassium Permanganate 360 mL of 96% Sulphuric Acid 40mL of 75% Phosphoric Acid 400mL of De-Ionised Water 3mL of 30-35% Hydrogen Peroxide Equipment A Heater Stirrer 2 Beakers – 1 x 1L and 1x500mL A Large Glass Container (a 2L Jug) A glass Stirring Rod A pipette able to measure 3mL Safety Equipment Gloves Glasses For Washing 200mL Water 200mL Ethanol 200mL 30% Hydrochloric Acid Procedure Making the Graphene Oxide is extraordinarily easy. The real problem arises because this uses strong acids and the temperature should not be allowed to go over 55 degrees centigrade. The particle size will affect the end product and what it is good to use for.ground up pencils but you are likely to be disappointed – the powder size can vary from 5 microns to 150 microns. 1) Mix the 3g of graphite and 18 grams of potassium permanganate (a 1:6 ratio by weight) together in the 1 Liter beaker ensuring an even mix. For exaple the small sizes will inkjet print but the will be less conductive than the larger particle – every thing is a trade off.

To Clean It You can follow the procedure in the video https://www. Rob. The next thing you need to do is clean it. Finish Anyway. .com/watch?v=HICuva__6Q4&index=23&list=PLbQqm4rNo6243e 69xp-ZPUkYDb38oS4xU Which is called Washing and Finishing Graphene Oxide After Making It and gives all the details on how to finish the graphene oxide hope this helped and thank you for reading.4) Stir until mixed 5) Place on the heater stirrer and stir at 50 degrees centigrade for 12 hours 6) Allow to cool to room temperature 7) Make ice from around 400mL of de-ionised water 8) Add the ice to the large glass container 9) Pour the graphite acid mix over the ice into the large glass container 10) Add 3mL of 30% hydrogen peroxide to mixture and stir Congratulations – you now have a jar full of graphene oxide.