You are on page 1of 54

Design of O.H.

T for CHEST & TB


The Panel size outer to outer where
provision made for OHT is
Considering side wall thickness
The internal Dimensions of the Tank

=
=
=

5.845

x 5.09
150
5.545 x 4.79

m
mm
m

The capacity of Tank provided is


The Height of Tank Required is

=
=

17000
17000
5.545 x 4.79

Lit

0.640

0.8
0.3
1.10

m
m
m

Say
Free Board
Total Height

=
=

450x100

The Tank is to be provided with bottom of tank at 1.2m


above terrace level by raising the columns above terrace level.

Design of Tank
Storage Capacity is

=
=

5.545

Concrete Mix
Steel
L/B = 1.16
L/H = 5.04091
B/H
L/H and B/H are greater than
2
Hence the walls span in
Vertical direction
since the tank is closed one the walls act as proped cantilevers.

x
21.25

4.79

x
Cum

0.8

4.35

Roof Slab
Slab thickness assumed is
clear cover taken as
assumed dia of bar
where effective depth
The panel size is
l/b = 1.15
Concrete Mix

=
=
=
=
=

115
30
8
81
5.66

M30

Density of concrete
Load On slab
self weight
Floor finish
Live Load

25

=
=
=

2.875
1
1.5

Total Load on Slab


=
Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456

5.375

Short span +ve moment


Long span +ve moment
where
x =

Mx
My
0.072

mm
mm
mm
mm
x 4.91

c/c

KN/m3

KN/m2

xwlx2

9.354

KN-m

ywl

7.275

KN-m

2
x

5.40

KN/m2

where

0.056

Percentage of steel is

Mu

(bxd2)
% of steel is along shorter span

1.43

% of steel is along Longer span

1.11

=
=
=

0.354
0.267
(Pt x b x d)

From sp16 Table 1


Percentage of steel for Short span (Pt)
Percentage of steel for Long span (Pt)
Area of steel Required (Ast)

100
Ast along short span

~
~

286.74

Ast along Long span


=
216.27
For dia of bar
=
8
~
spacing required along short span
= 152.3574
~
spacing required along Long span
= 202.0019
provide # 8@ 250 c/c in shorter span and # 8@ 250 c/c in long span
Tank side walls (Mix M30)
Density of water

10

329.75

mm2

248.71

mm2

250
250

c/c
c/c

10 x

KN/m3

Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

1.10 ,3
16
0.83

=
Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

=
=
=

24.0
0.55
0.83
6xM
Qxb

52.66

Max. B.M

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required

=
=
=
=
=

150
30
8
116
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ast

=
=

52.25
0.22% b d

mm2

Astmin

=
=

255.2
8

mm2
mm

minimum % of steel is
For dia of bar

providing area of steel Ast


=
255.20
mm2
~
spacing required
=
196.87
provide # 8@ 150 c/c vertically on water face and # 8@ 150 c/c horizontally

10 x

150

KN-m
1.10 ,3

c/c

KN-m
KN-m

mm

Bottom slab
Panel size

assuming slab thickness


self weight
water weight
finishes

=
=
=
=

5.66

210
5.25
10
1.5

4.91
load on slab / m2

KN/m2

Total Load on Slab


Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456
l/b
=

16.750

Short span +ve moment

xwlx2

29.10

KN-m

ywl

22.63

KN-m

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

Mx
My

KN/m2

1.15
2
x

0.072
0.056
Max. B.M

29.10
=

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required shorter span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 16@ 150 c/c
Area of steel required longer span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 12@ 100 c/c
Design of Beam supporting tank
B1 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for trapezoidal

16.80

210
30
10
175
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=

1211.63
16
165.86

mm2
mm

M
st x j x d

=
=
=

942.38
12
119.95

Wlx
6

3-

5.66
0.15
0.8
0.23
0.5
lx
ly

m
m
m
m
m
2

6M
Qxb

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

KN-m

311.46

150

c/c

100

c/c

mm2
mm

mm

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

9.928171
30.88764
3
2.875
46.69

Bending moment BM

Wl2
10
149.58

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=
Ast

provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and


2nos - # 20st + 1no - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V

=
=

Nominal shear stresses

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

450
30
16
488

d
mm
mm
mm

M
Qxb

390.08

500

mm

M
st x j x d
1320.99

Wl
2
132.13

=
=
=
>

V
bd
0.29
0.29
0.284
c

100.26

mm2

KN

not safe

provide vertical stirrups


Vus

From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre
B2 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for traingle

Load on beam / run from roof slab

=
=
=
=
=

4.91
0.15
1.8
0.23
0.45

8.84

Wlx
3

m
m
m
m
m

101

KN

mm

Load on beam / run tank bottom slab


wall weight
self weight

=
=
=

27.50
6.75
2.588
45.67

Bending moment BM

Wl2
12
110.11

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=

450
30
16
488

d
mm
mm
mm
~

M
Qxb

334.68

500

mm

M
st x j x d

Ast
=
972.39
mm2
provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and 2nos - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V
=
Wl
2
=
112.12
KN
Nominal shear stresses v
=
V
bd
=
0.25
% of steel =
0.22
Permissible shear stresses c
=
0.268
v
<
c
safe
no shear is required
Vus
~
=
82.04
83
From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre

KN

mm

4.48-0.23=4.25
6.13-0.23=5.90
45000
45000/3
15000

5.845-0.3
5.09-0.3
340x100=34000
34000/2=17000

5.454
4.79

Design of O.H.T for CHEST & TB


The Panel size outer to outer where
provision made for OHT is
Considering side wall thickness
The internal Dimensions of the Tank

=
=
=

5.845

x 5.09
150
5.545 x 4.79

m
mm
m

The capacity of Tank provided is


The Height of Tank Required is

=
=

40000
40000
5.545 x 4.79

Lit

1.506

1.5
0.3
1.80

m
m
m

Say
Free Board
Total Height

=
=

450x100

The Tank is to be provided with bottom of tank at 1.2m


above terrace level by raising the columns above terrace level.

Design of Tank
Storage Capacity is

=
=

5.545

Concrete Mix
Steel
L/B = 1.16
L/H = 3.08056
B/H
L/H and B/H are greater than
2
Hence the walls span in
Vertical direction
since the tank is closed one the walls act as proped cantilevers.

x
39.84

4.79

x
Cum

1.5

2.66

Roof Slab
Slab thickness assumed is
clear cover taken as
assumed dia of bar
where effective depth
The panel size is
l/b = 1.15
Concrete Mix

=
=
=
=
=

115
30
8
81
5.66

M30

Density of concrete
Load On slab
self weight
Floor finish
Live Load

25

=
=
=

2.875
1
1.5

Total Load on Slab


=
Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456

5.375

Short span +ve moment


Long span +ve moment
where
x =

Mx
My
0.072

mm
mm
mm
mm
x 4.91

c/c

KN/m3

KN/m2

xwlx2

9.354

KN-m

ywl

7.275

KN-m

2
x

5.40

KN/m2

where

0.056

Percentage of steel is

Mu

(bxd2)
% of steel is along shorter span

1.43

% of steel is along Longer span

1.11

=
=
=

0.354
0.267
(Pt x b x d)

From sp16 Table 1


Percentage of steel for Short span (Pt)
Percentage of steel for Long span (Pt)
Area of steel Required (Ast)

100
Ast along short span

~
~

286.74

Ast along Long span


=
216.27
For dia of bar
=
8
~
spacing required along short span
= 152.3574
~
spacing required along Long span
= 202.0019
provide # 8@ 250 c/c in shorter span and # 8@ 250 c/c in long span
Tank side walls (Mix M30)
Density of water

10

329.75

mm2

248.71

mm2

250
250

c/c
c/c

10 x

KN/m3

Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

1.80 ,3
16
3.65

=
Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

=
=
=

24.0
2.43
3.65
6xM
Qxb

110.23

Max. B.M

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required

=
=
=
=
=

150
30
8
116
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ast

=
=

228.94
0.22% b d

mm2

Astmin

=
=

255.2
8

mm2
mm

minimum % of steel is
For dia of bar

providing area of steel Ast


=
255.20
mm2
~
spacing required
=
196.87
provide # 8@ 150 c/c vertically on water face and # 8@ 150 c/c horizontally

10 x

150

KN-m
1.80 ,3

c/c

KN-m
KN-m

mm

Bottom slab
Panel size

assuming slab thickness


self weight
water weight
finishes

=
=
=
=

5.66

210
5.25
10
1.5

4.91
load on slab / m2

KN/m2

Total Load on Slab


Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456
l/b
=

16.750

Short span +ve moment

xwlx2

29.10

KN-m

ywl

22.63

KN-m

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

Mx
My

KN/m2

1.15
2
x

0.072
0.056
Max. B.M

29.10
=

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required shorter span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 16@ 150 c/c
Area of steel required longer span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 12@ 100 c/c
Design of Beam supporting tank
B1 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for trapezoidal

16.80

210
30
10
175
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=

1211.63
16
165.86

mm2
mm

M
st x j x d

=
=
=

942.38
12
119.95

Wlx
6

3-

5.66
0.15
1.8
0.23
0.5
lx
ly

m
m
m
m
m
2

6M
Qxb

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

KN-m

311.46

150

c/c

100

c/c

mm2
mm

mm

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

9.928171
30.88764
6.75
2.875
50.44

Bending moment BM

Wl2
10
161.59

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=
Ast

provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and


2nos - # 20st + 1no - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V

=
=

Nominal shear stresses

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

450
30
16
488

d
mm
mm
mm

M
Qxb

405.44

500

mm

M
st x j x d
1427.08

Wl
2
142.75

=
=
=
>

V
bd
0.32
0.32
0.284
c

110.87

mm2

KN

not safe

provide vertical stirrups


Vus

From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre
B2 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for traingle

Load on beam / run from roof slab

=
=
=
=
=

4.91
0.15
1.8
0.23
0.45

8.84

Wlx
3

m
m
m
m
m

111

KN

mm

Load on beam / run tank bottom slab


wall weight
self weight

=
=
=

27.50
6.75
2.588
45.67

Bending moment BM

Wl2
12
110.11

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=

450
30
16
488

d
mm
mm
mm
~

M
Qxb

334.68

500

mm

M
st x j x d

Ast
=
972.39
mm2
provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and 2nos - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V
=
Wl
2
=
112.12
KN
Nominal shear stresses v
=
V
bd
=
0.25
% of steel =
0.22
Permissible shear stresses c
=
0.268
v
<
c
safe
no shear is required
Vus
~
=
82.04
83
From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre

KN

mm

4.48-0.23=4.25
6.13-0.23=5.90
45000
45000/3
15000

5.845-0.3
5.09-0.3
340x100=34000
34000/2=17000

5.454
4.79

Design of O.H.T for CHEST & TB


The Panel size outer to outer where
provision made for OHT is
Considering side wall thickness
The internal Dimensions of the Tank

=
=
=

5.9

The capacity of Tank provided is


The Height of Tank Required is

=
=

15000
15000
5.9 x 4.25

Say
Free Board
Total Height

5.9

x
0
x

4.25
4.25

m
mm
m
Lit

0.598

0.8
0.3
1.10

m
m
m

=
=

450x100

The Tank is to be provided with bottom of tank at 1.2m


above terrace level by raising the columns above terrace level.

Design of Tank
Storage Capacity is

=
=

5.9

Concrete Mix
Steel
L/B = 1.39
L/H = 5.36364
B/H
L/H and B/H are greater than
2
Hence the walls span in
Vertical direction
since the tank is closed one the walls act as proped cantilevers.

x
20.06

4.25

x
Cum

0.8

3.86

Roof Slab
Slab thickness assumed is
clear cover taken as
assumed dia of bar
where effective depth
The panel size is
l/b = 1.38
Concrete Mix

=
=
=
=
=

115
30
8
81
6.02

M25

Density of concrete
Load On slab
self weight
Floor finish
Live Load

25

=
=
=

2.875
1
1.5

Total Load on Slab


=
Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456

5.375

Short span +ve moment


Long span +ve moment
where
x =

Mx
My
0.043

mm
mm
mm
mm
x 4.37

c/c

KN/m3

KN/m2

xwlx2

4.424

KN-m

ywl

5.865

KN-m

2
x

5.40

KN/m2

where

0.057

Percentage of steel is

Mu

(bxd2)
% of steel is along shorter span

0.67

% of steel is along Longer span

0.89

=
=
=

0.082
0.07
(Pt x b x d)

From sp16 Table 1


Percentage of steel for Short span (Pt)
Percentage of steel for Long span (Pt)
Area of steel Required (Ast)

100
Ast along short span

~
~

66.42

Ast along Long span


=
56.70
For dia of bar
=
8
~
spacing required along short span
=
657.738
~
spacing required along Long span
= 770.4931
provide # 8@ 250 c/c in shorter span and # 8@ 250 c/c in long span
Tank side walls (Mix M25)
Density of water

10

76.38

mm2

65.21

mm2

250
250

c/c
c/c

10 x

KN/m3

Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

1.10 ,3
16
0.83

=
Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

=
=
=

24.0
0.55
0.83
6xM
Qxb

52.66

Max. B.M

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required

=
=
=
=
=

150
30
8
116
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ast

=
=

52.25
0.22% b d

mm2

Astmin

=
=

255.2
8

mm2
mm

minimum % of steel is
For dia of bar

providing area of steel Ast


=
255.20
mm2
~
spacing required
=
196.87
provide # 8@ 150 c/c vertically on water face and # 8@ 150 c/c horizontally

10 x

150

KN-m
1.10 ,3

c/c

KN-m
KN-m

mm

Bottom slab
Panel size

assuming slab thickness


self weight
water weight
finishes

=
=
=
=

6.02

150
3.75
10
1.5

4.37
load on slab / m2

KN/m2

Total Load on Slab


Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456
l/b
=

15.250

Short span +ve moment

xwlx2

12.54

KN-m

ywl

16.62

KN-m

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

Mx
My

KN/m2

1.38
2
x

0.043
0.057
Max. B.M

16.62
=

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required shorter span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 10@ 150 c/c
Area of steel required longer span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 8@ 150 c/c
Design of Beam supporting tank
B1 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for trapezoidal

15.30

250
30
10
215
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=

424.79
10
184.80

mm2
mm

M
st x j x d

=
=
=

563.10
8
89.22

Wlx
6

3-

3.94
0.15
1
0.23
0.45
lx
ly

m
m
m
m
m
2

6M
Qxb

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

KN-m

235.35

150

c/c

150

c/c

mm2
mm

mm

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

9.716674
27.53058
3.75
2.5875
43.58

Bending moment BM

Wl2
10
67.66

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=
Ast

provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and


2nos - # 20st + 1no - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V

=
=

Nominal shear stresses

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

554
38
16
600

d
mm
mm
mm

M
Qxb

262.35

600

mm

M
st x j x d
485.36

Wl
2
85.86

=
=
=
<

V
bd
0.15
0.09
0.284
c

46.67

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre
B2 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for traingle

Load on beam / run from roof slab

=
=
=
=
=

3.84
0.15
1
0.23
0.45

6.91

Wlx
3

m
m
m
m
m

47

KN

mm

Load on beam / run tank bottom slab


wall weight
self weight

=
=
=

19.58
3.75
2.588
32.83

Bending moment BM

Wl2
12
48.41

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=

Ast
=
provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and 3nos - # 16st @ top
Check for Shear
Shear Force V
=

Nominal shear stresses

=
=

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

=
=
=
<

554
38
16
600

d
mm
mm
mm
~

M
Qxb

221.93

600

mm

M
st x j x d
347.31

Wl
2
63.04
V
bd
0.11
0.06
0.268
c

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

=
26.06
From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre

27

KN

mm

4.48-0.23=4.25
6.13-0.23=5.90
45000
45000/3
15000

Design of O.H.T for CHEST & TB


The Panel size outer to outer where
provision made for OHT is
Considering side wall thickness
The internal Dimensions of the Tank

=
=
=

3.94

The capacity of Tank provided is


The Height of Tank Required is

=
=

10600
10600
3.94 x 3.84

Lit

0.701

0.8
0.3
1.10

m
m
m

Say
Free Board
Total Height

3.94

=
=

x
0
x

3.84
3.84

m
mm
m

The Tank is to be provided with bottom of tank at 1.2m


above terrace level by raising the columns above terrace level.

Design of Tank
Storage Capacity is

=
=

3.94

Concrete Mix
Steel
L/B = 1.03
L/H = 3.58182
B/H
L/H and B/H are greater than
2
Hence the walls span in
Vertical direction
since the tank is closed one the walls act as proped cantilevers.

x
12.10

3.84

x
Cum

0.8

3.49

Roof Slab
Slab thickness assumed is
clear cover taken as
assumed dia of bar
where effective depth
The panel size is
l/b = 1.03
Concrete Mix

=
=
=
=
=

115
30
8
81
4.06

M25

Density of concrete
Load On slab
self weight
Floor finish
Live Load

25

=
=
=

2.875
1
1.5

Total Load on Slab


=
Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456

5.375

Short span +ve moment

Mx

xwlx2

mm
mm
mm
mm
x 3.96

c/c

KN/m3

KN/m2

3.632

KN-m

5.40

ywlx2

% of steel is along shorter span

0.55

% of steel is along Longer span

0.73

=
=
=

0.082
0.07
(Pt x b x d)

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

My

4.815

KN-m

0.043
0.057

Percentage of steel is

Mu

(bxd2)

From sp16 Table 1


Percentage of steel for Short span (Pt)
Percentage of steel for Long span (Pt)
Area of steel Required (Ast)

100
Ast along short span

~
~

66.42

Ast along Long span


=
56.70
For dia of bar
=
8
spacing required along short span
= 657.73798 ~
spacing required along Long span
= 770.49306 ~
provide # 8@ 250 c/c in shorter span and # 8@ 250 c/c in long span
Tank side walls (Mix M25)
Density of water

10

76.38
65.21

250
250

c/c
c/c

10 x

KN/m3

Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

=
Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

Max. B.M
depth required from cracking stress consideration is
D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required

10 x

=
=
=

24.0
0.55
0.83
6xM
Qxb

52.66

=
=
=
=
=

150
30
8
116
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ast

=
=

52.25
0.22% b d

mm2

Astmin
For dia of bar

=
=

255.2
8

mm2
mm

providing area of steel Ast

255.20

mm2

minimum % of steel is

1.10
16
0.83
1.10

spacing required
=
196.87
provide # 8@ 150 c/c vertically on water face and # 8@ 150 c/c horizontally

150

c/c

Bottom slab
Panel size

assuming slab thickness


self weight
water weight
finishes

=
=
=
=

4.06

150
3.75
10
1.5

3.96
load on slab / m2

KN/m2

Total Load on Slab


Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456
l/b
=

15.250

Short span +ve moment

xwlx2

10.29

KN-m

ywlx

13.64

KN-m

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

Mx
My

1.03
2

0.043
0.057
Max. B.M

13.64
=

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required shorter span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 10@ 150 c/c
Area of steel required longer span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 8@ 150 c/c
Design of Beam supporting tank
B1 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for trapezoidal

15.30

250
30
10
215
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=

348.74
10
225.10

mm2
mm

M
st x j x d

=
=
=

462.28
8
108.68

Wlx
6

3-

3.94
0.15
1
0.23
0.45
lx
ly

m
m
m
m
m
2

6M
Qxb

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

KN-m

213.24

150

c/c

150

c/c

mm2
mm

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

7.2923963
20.661789
3.75
2.5875
34.29

Bending moment BM

Wl2
10
53.23

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=
Ast

provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and


2nos - # 20st + 1no - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V

Nominal shear stresses

=
=

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

=
=
=
<

554
38
16
600

d
mm
mm
mm

M
Qxb

232.71

600

mm

M
st x j x d
381.87

Wl
2
67.55
V
bd
0.12
0.07
0.284
c

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

=
28.36
From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre
B2 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for traingle

=
=
=
=
=
=

Wlx
3

3.84
0.15
1
0.23
0.45

m
m
m
m
m

29

KN

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

6.91
19.58
3.75
2.588
32.83

Bending moment BM

Wl2
12
48.41

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=

Ast
=
provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and 3nos - # 16st @ top
Check for Shear
Shear Force V
=

Nominal shear stresses

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

M
Qxb

221.93

600

mm

M
st x j x d
347.31

=
=
=
<

Wl
2
63.04
V
bd
0.11
0.06
0.268
c

26.06

=
=

554
38
16
600

d
mm
mm
mm
~

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre

27

KN

KN/m2

mm2
mm2

,3
KN-m
,3
KN-m
KN-m

mm

KN/m2

mm

mm

mm

Design of O.H.T for CHEST & TB


The Panel size outer to outer where
provision made for OHT is
Considering side wall thickness
The internal Dimensions of the Tank

=
=
=

4.705

x 3.845
100
4.505 x 3.645

m
mm
m

The capacity of Tank provided is


The Height of Tank Required is

=
=

10600
10600
4.505 x 3.645

Lit

0.646

0.85
0.15
1.00

m
m
m

Say
Free Board
Total Height

=
=

The Tank is to be provided with bottom of tank at 1.2m


above terrace level by raising the columns above terrace level.

Design of Tank
Storage Capacity is

=
=

4.505

Concrete Mix
Steel
L/B = 1.24
L/H = 4.505
B/H
L/H and B/H are greater than
2
Hence the walls span in
Vertical direction
since the tank is closed one the walls act as proped cantilevers.

x
13.96

3.645

x
Cum

0.85

3.65

Roof Slab
Slab thickness assumed is
clear cover taken as
assumed dia of bar
where effective depth
The panel size is
l/b = 1.23
Concrete Mix

=
=
=
=
=

115
30
8
81
4.62

M25

Density of concrete
Load On slab
self weight
Floor finish
Live Load

25

=
=
=

2.875
1
0.75

Total Load on Slab


=
Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456

4.625

Short span +ve moment

Mx

xwlx2

mm
mm
mm
mm
x 3.76

c/c

KN/m3

KN/m2

2.857

KN-m

4.70

ywlx2

% of steel is along shorter span

0.44

% of steel is along Longer span

0.58

=
=
=

0.082
0.07
(Pt x b x d)

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

My

3.787

KN-m

0.043
0.057

Percentage of steel is

Mu

(bxd2)

From sp16 Table 1


Percentage of steel for Short span (Pt)
Percentage of steel for Long span (Pt)
Area of steel Required (Ast)

100
Ast along short span

~
~

66.42

Ast along Long span


=
56.70
For dia of bar
=
8
spacing required along short span
= 657.73798 ~
spacing required along Long span
= 770.49306 ~
provide # 8@ 250 c/c in shorter span and # 8@ 250 c/c in long span
Tank side walls (Mix M25)
Density of water

10

76.38
65.21

250
250

c/c
c/c

10 x

KN/m3

Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

=
Max -ve moment at bottom with tension on water fce is

Max. B.M
depth required from cracking stress consideration is
D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required

10 x

=
=
=

24.0
0.42
0.63
6xM
Qxb

45.64

=
=
=
=
=

150
30
8
116
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ast

=
=

39.26
0.22% b d

mm2

Astmin
For dia of bar

=
=

255.2
8

mm2
mm

providing area of steel Ast

255.20

mm2

minimum % of steel is

1.00
16
0.63
1.00

spacing required
=
196.87
provide # 8@ 150 c/c vertically on water face and # 8@ 150 c/c horizontally

150

c/c

Bottom slab
Panel size

assuming slab thickness


self weight
water weight
finishes

=
=
=
=

4.62

150
3.75
10
1.5

3.76
load on slab / m2

KN/m2

Total Load on Slab


Considering the slab as discontinuous on all four sides
As per code IS 456
l/b
=

15.250

Short span +ve moment

xwlx2

9.30

KN-m

ywlx

12.33

KN-m

Long span +ve moment


where
x =
where
y =

Mx
My

1.23
2

0.043
0.057
Max. B.M

12.33
=

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

D
providing overall thickness
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
effective depth
Area of steel required shorter span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 10@ 150 c/c
Area of steel required longer span
Ast
For providing dia of bar
spacing required
provide # 8@ 150 c/c
Design of Beam supporting tank
B1 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for trapezoidal

15.30

250
30
10
215
M
st x j x d

mm
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=

315.20
10
249.05

mm2
mm

M
st x j x d

=
=
=

417.82
8
120.24

Wlx
6

3-

3.94
0.15
1
0.23
0.45
lx
ly

m
m
m
m
m
2

6M
Qxb

=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

KN-m

202.73

150

c/c

150

c/c

mm2
mm

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

6.8851396
22.413327
3.75
2.5875
35.64

Bending moment BM

Wl2
10
55.32

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=
Ast

provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and


2nos - # 20st + 1no - # 16st @ top over supports
Check for Shear
Shear Force V

Nominal shear stresses

=
=

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

=
=
=
<

404
38
16
450

d
mm
mm
mm

M
Qxb

237.23

450

mm

M
st x j x d
544.18

Wl
2
70.20
V
bd
0.17
0.13
0.284
c

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

=
40.81
From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre
B2 span
wall thickness taken as
height of wall taken as
thickness of beam
depth of beam
Load on beam / run
for traingle

=
=
=
=
=
=

Wlx
3

3.84
0.15
1
0.23
0.45

m
m
m
m
m

41

KN

Load on beam / run from roof slab


Load on beam / run tank bottom slab
wall weight
self weight

=
=
=
=

6.02
19.58
3.75
2.588
31.94

Bending moment BM

Wl2
12
47.09

KN-m

depth required from cracking stress consideration is

effective depth
clear cover on either side of walls
dia of bar
provide overall depth of
D
Area of steel required shorter span

=
=
=
=
=

Ast
=
provide 3nos - # 16st @ bottom and 3nos - # 16st @ top
Check for Shear
Shear Force V
=

Nominal shear stresses

% of steel
Permissible shear stresses

c
v

M
Qxb

218.88

450

mm

M
st x j x d
463.26

=
=
=
<

Wl
2
61.32
V
bd
0.15
0.11
0.268
c

33.58

=
=

404
38
16
450

d
mm
mm
mm
~

mm2

KN

safe

no shear is required
Vus

From Sp16
provide # 8@ 125 c/c upto quarter span and # 8@ 200 c/c at centre

34

KN

KN/m2

mm2
mm2

,3
KN-m
,3
KN-m
KN-m

mm

KN/m2

mm

mm

mm