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Name: Michelle D.

Abejo
Year and Section: BSABEn-4

Laboratory Exercise # 1
Instructor: Engr.Darius Mendoza

Coal Briquettes
I. Introduction:
Sustainable sources of wood fuel have diminished. Many poor families household budgets
suffer from domestic energy expenses. Deforestation has become a worldwide epidemic due to
poverty, poor management policies, pressures of population growth, greed, and so on.
Therefore, success in fuel briquetting depends on understanding its benefits for the community.
With the energy crisis leading to increased cost of oil and natural gas, the focus has again shifted
to coal due to the growing curbs on deforestation and use of wood from environmental
consideration. In view of conserving oil and gas for more productive purposes, the coal which
has
considerable reserve in North Eastern Region, can be more usefully exploited for domestic
application by way of Fuel/Coal briquettes.
It has been demonstrated that an appropriate combustion environment is fundamental for
briquettes to be burned successfully. Without an optimized combustion environment briquettes
will not function properly. The briquettes able to ignite and sustain a flame are likely to produce
an overwhelming amount of smoke, similar to how wood responds to a 3-stone fire environment.

II. Objectives:
a. Importance of fuel briquettes making
b. Demonstrate how fuel briquettes work
c. Produce charcoal briquette from raw materials

III. Materials:

Rice hulls
Rice hulls stove
Manure (carabao)
Cornstarch
Tin cans
Can Opener
Beam balance
Match
Stove

IV.Procedure:
Making charcoal from rice hulls (Coal BRIQUETTES)
1. Char the rice hulls in a carbonizer (or a rice hull stove, but make sure that the rice hulls are not
turned to ashes). Soak in water immediately to prevent char from turning to ashes.

Char the rice hulls in a carbonizer

2. Mix with as little binding material as possible, just enough to hold the charred hulls together
when moulded. Paddy soil or fresh cow manure may be used as binder. Mix one part rice hull to
five parts fresh cow manure, and cornstarch .

Mix with as little binding material as possible

3. Mould the mix in tin cans opened both ends.

4. Dry under the sun for about three days or more.

5. Push one end of the briquette when dry.

6. Used 5 to 6 briquettes in stove and fill it again when the fire was gone.

V. Results and Discussion:


Briquette Type

Weight(grams)

Duration in minutes
(briquette to ash)

Cylindrical Shape
(10 pcs.)
Small Cone Shape
(15 pcs.)

160.00

38

208.50

50

CYLINDRICAL

SMALL CONE

This results shows that the cylindrical shape is more effective to use than small cone shape.The
lesser the weight of the briquette, the more chance to burn and turn into ashes.

VI. Conclusion:
I therefore conclude that recycling biomass materials into coal briquettes
contributes to solving rural and urban needs by generating income, providing a new
and cheap alternative source of cooking
energy, avoiding excess waste disposal on insufficient land, avoiding having to cut
down
more forests for fuel wood, and ultimately promoting a sound environment.
Coal briquettes making is an environmentally friendly technology, which needs
adoption
and promotion by both rural and urban groups/individuals. After the training each
group/individual is required to own a fuel briquettes press to start an enterprise.