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CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION

This project presents a prototype security door that can be remotely controlled by a GSM
phone set acting as the transmitter and another GSM phone set with a dual tone multifrequency (DTMF) connected to the door motor through a DTMF decoder interfaced with
microcontroller unit and a stepper motor .The design is composed of four main functional
modules, namely; the GSM module, the decoding module, controlling module and the
switching module. The GSM module act as both transmitting and receiving unit employs
the use of a mobile phone set serving as the communication device between the user at
one end and the object of access (i.e. the door) at the other receiving end. The decoding
module and the controlling module are made possible using modern integrated circuit
chips ensuring proper conversion of signal to binary codes, enabling the microcontroller
to communicate properly with the switching device responsible for opening and closing
the door. The codes for this project was written in assembly language with Visual basic
software and compiled with M-IDE studio for MC-51compiler which work perfectly with
Window XP environment, the program run without error before it was burn onto the
microcontroller using a device called the programmer by placing the microcontroller on it
socket equal to the pin number.
Security is the main concern for everyone. Either in the banks or in their own houses.
Bank robberies take place even after such security services. Lockers are unlocked in the
absence of the owners, keeping this in mind, this project will provide an update of the
locker-usage to the user through SMS as well as provide a secondary lock option which
will provide higher security from theft and robberies.
This project, ADVANCE LOCKING SYSTEM has 2 basic modules-

First module of this project detects if person is authentic user/owner of the locker or not.
This is done by sending a message each time to the owners contact number whenever the
locker is used.

Second part of project serves the functionality of a secondary locking system. This is the
advanced version of the locking systems which are available in the market. If the user of
the locking system is someone else other than the owner, the owner can send a SMS and
the secondary lock will come into role.
Components used :
I.
II.

ATMEGA-8
GSM-300

III.

L293D

IV.

LM7805

V.
VI.
VII.
VIII.
IX.
X.
XI.
XII.

Capacitors
Diodes
Resistors
Crystal oscillator
12 Volt DC motor
Solenoid lock
16*2 LCD
4*3 keypad matrix

XIII.

12-0-12 Centre tap transformer

XIV.

5 volt adaptor

Setup of the project is shown in the below circuit :

FIGURE 1.1

The following procedures were followed for the fabrication of this project:

Designing the circuit.

Printing of the design.

Cutting the CCB material to size

Printing circuit on CCB

Etching.

Drilling.

Soldering.
3

Working of advance locking system is divided into following categories:


(i)

Power supply

(ii)

Microcontroller

(iii)

LCD

(iv)

GSM module

(v)

Motor driver IC

(vi)

Locks