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9.

0:Inspection

INTRODUCTION
ACIPpiletrends:
Largerdiameter
Greaterlengths
Highercapacities
Qualitycontrolandinspectioniscritical
DFIisproactiveindevelopingqualitycontrol
guidelines

INTRODUCTION
DFIReferences:
ACIPPileManual,SecondEdition(2003)
InspectorsguidetoACIPPiles(2010)
ACIPPileSpecialtySeminarProceedings
(1997,1998,2000 2008)
ACIPPileInstallationVideo(1998)

INTRODUCTION
DFIReferences:
InspectorsGuidetoACIPPilesVideo(2001)
InspectorsGuideandVideoonCDRom
(2001)
GuideforInterpretationofNondestructive
IntegrityTestingofACIPandDDPiles(2011)
Additionalreference:
FHWAGECno.8

9.1:ManualPileInspection

PREPARATION
Beforearrivingtothesiteobtainandreview
GeotechnicalReport
PilePlansandSpecifications
DFIReferences:

ACIPPileManual
ACIPPileSpecialtySeminarProceedings
ACIPPileInspectionVideo
InspectorsGuideandVideoonCD ROM

ContractorsSubmittals
Personal/SafetyEquipment

PREPARATION
PreConstructionMeeting
Whoshouldattend?

GeotechnicalEngineer
Inspector
GeneralContractor
PilingContractor
TestingAgency

Discussinspectionprocedures
Reviewpileconstructionprocedure/Sequenceofinstallation
Discusschainofcommand
Reviewspecifiedaugeringterminationcriteria
Discussdisputeresolution

PREPARATION
GroutSampling
Mixdesign/ProductSubmittal
InspectionItems
Documentwateroradmixtures
addedinfield
Samplefrequencyandnumber
ofsamples
CubesorCylinders
Samplecuringandhandling

PREPARATION

Onceatthesite,checkinwiththecontractor,then
Checkaugerlengthanddiameter
Verifypileleadsareclearlymarked
Checkaugerbitconfiguration
Documentequipment
Verifygroutpressuregageisfunctionalandwithinviewwhenpump
strokecountingisperformed
Verifygroutpumpstrokecounterisoperational
Checkgrouthopperscreen
Measuresteelreinforcementandcentralizers
IfAMEisbeingused,understandthesystemandprintout

DeepFoundationsInstitute
AugeredCastInPlacePilesManual(2003)

Section2.2.2Thegroutpumpshallbecalibratedat
thebeginningoftheworktodeterminethevolume
ofgroutpumpedperstroke,andshouldbe
periodicallyrecalibratedwhendeemednecessaryby
theInspectorduringtheproject.

PREPARATION
Observethepumpcalibration

Containerofknownvolume
Countnumberofstrokestofillcontainer
Measuregroutheightincontainer
Calculatethestrokevolume:

Volume=[ d/4 ] x h
d=Diameterofcontainer(feet)
h=heightofgroutincontainer(feet)

PUMPCAL=Volume/numberofstrokes(ft3/stroke)

Normalgroutpressure
250

150

100

50

505

487

469

451

433

415

397

379

361

343

325

307

289

271

253

235

217

199

181

163

145

127

91

109

73

55

37

0
19

pressure psi

200

GroutlinePressure versusTime
(fairlyuniform&consistent)

683

661

639

617

595

573

551

529

507

601

581

561

541

521

501

481

461

441

421

401

381

361

341

321

301

281

261

241

221

201

181

161

141

121

101

81

61

41

21

100

485

463

441

419

397

375

353

331

309

287

265

243

221

199

177

155

133

111

89

67

45

23

Missingstroke

250

200

150

MissingCycle

50

Singlemissingpumpstroke

UNSTABLEPUMPOPERATION

250

200

150

100

50

ManyMissingStrokes

DeepFoundationsInstitute
AugeredCastInPlacePilesManual(2003)
Section1.5.2a Recordsshallbekeptforeachpile
installed.Suchrecordsshallasaminimum,include:
projectnameandnumber,PileContractor,pile
locationanddesignpilecapacity,pilediameter,tip
elevation,drillinggroundsurfaceelevation,totaland
incrementalvolumeofgroutplaced,amountof
water(ifany)addedtothereadymixgrouttruckat
thejobsite,pilereinforcingsteel,andanyunusual
occurrencesduringthepileinstallation.

DeepFoundationsInstitute
AugeredCastInPlacePilesManual(2003)
Section1.3commentary Thegroutvolumeplacedforeach
incrementofdepth isthesinglemostimportantinstallation
control usedduringACIPpileconstruction.
Itisdifficulttogetanaccuratemeasureoftheincremental
groutvolumewhenmanuallyinspecting
Becertain thattheincrementalgroutvolumeisbeing
observedandaccuratelyreported(notjusttotalpilevolume)
forallpilesasthisisthesinglemostimportantcontrolused
duringACIPpileconstruction

AUGERINGTHEPILE
ForbothACIPandDDpiles
KnowLocation
Confirmbottomplugplaced
Checkaugerverticality
Timedrillingprogression
Observeadjacentcompletedpiles
Documentobstructionsand
unusualsubsurfaceconditions
Augeringterminationcriteria:

ForACIPpiles
Prolongeddrillingundesirable
Rapidaugerrotationundesirable
ForDDpiles
Workfrominsidethegroup
towardstheoutside

Refusalcriteria
Embedmentcriteria

PILEGROUTING/CONCRETING
ACIPPiles:
InitialGroutHead
Continuousclockwiseaugerrotation
Incrementalgroutvolume(calculatedfrommanually
countedpumpstrokes/increment)
Slurry/GroutReturnDepth
OverallGroutFactors
TypicalACIPPileValues:

PorousLimestone:1.3to2.0
CleanSands:1.3to1.5
StiffClay:1.15to1.3
SoftClay:1.3to2.0
Peat:2.0to3.0

PILEGROUTING/CONCRETING
DDPiles:
Initialhead/pressure
Maintainedhead/pressureduringwithdrawal
Overallgroutfactors:
Typically1.1to1.2

REINFORCEMENT INSTALLATION
Confirmtopofpileisfreeofaugerspoil
Confirmreinforcingiscleanpriortoinsertion
Documentreinforcementinstallation,andanydifficulties
Confirmreinforcementsettlestothespecifiedlevelunderits
ownweight
Confirmreinforcinghasspecifiedextensionaboveproposed
cutoffelevation
Themostcosteffectiveandtimesavingremedialmeasureis
toredrillandregroutthepileshouldsuspectconditionsbe
observed

10

Reports/Documentation
Thefollowingshouldbedocumentedoneachpile
installationrecord:
Projectname/client
Weatherconditionsandtemperature
Datepilesplaced
PileInspectorsname
Grouttrucknumber,arrivaltimeonsite,batchtime,grout
ticketnumber,batchvolumeandamountofwateradded
tothetruckonsite
Groutsamplingtimeandtimeofinitialset
GroutcubesetsmadebytheInspectorandContractor

Reports/Documentation
Thefollowingshouldbedocumentedoneachpile
installationrecord:

Flowconeorificediameterandtestresults
Measuredaugerdiameter
Referenceelevationforpilelength
Craneleadalignment(batteredorvertical)
Timeperiodfordrillingofpile
Abnormaldrillingbehavior
Piledrilledlength/piletipandtopelevation
Theoreticalpilevolume
Timeperiodforgroutingofpile

11

Reports/Documentation
Thefollowingshouldbedocumentedoneachpile
installationrecord:
Rangeinpressureduringgrouting
Groutreturndepth
Incrementalgroutvolume
Totalnumberofpumpstrokestocompletepile
Overallgroutfactor(actualgroutvolumepumpeddividedby
theoreticalgroutvolume)
Anyreaugering/regroutingduringthepileinstallation
Reinforcingsteelinstalledinthepile
Specialremarks(e.g.timeofandreasonforinterruptionsduring
grouting)

SAMPLEFIELDLOG

12

10.0:AutomatedMonitoringEquipment

WhyAutomatedInspection?
Manualinspectionisdifficultfordetermining
incrementalgroutvolume
Hardtoaccuratelydeterminegroutpumped
versusdepthincrement,andinsomecasesthis
mayresultinmeasurementofoverallvolumeonly
Thepumpdoesnotalwaysmaintainarepeatable
volumeperpumpstroke

13

WhyAutomatedInspection?

Missingstrokesareoftenclusteredtogether,sothesepile
sectionsmaybeseriouslyunderpumped
AMEwithmagneticflowmetermeasuresgroutvolumeindependent
ofthepump

Leadsmaynotbemarkedaccuratelyandcannotberead
withgreatprecisionduetoparallax
ManuallyinspectedIncrementalgroutvolumeistypically
recordedevery5feetwithlowprecision
AMEcandobetter(recommend2ft.recording)

Goalsforautomatedinspection:
Provideinformationtohelpinstallation
Documentpumpedvolumeversusdepth
toensuresufficientpumpingvs depth

Easytouse,minimuminputneeded
Operatedbyexistingsitepersonnel

14

AutomatedMonitoringEquipment(AME)
AMEproduces:
Realtimegraphtoguidetheoperator
Displaysincrementalgroutvolumeinuserselectable
increments

Fieldprintoutimmediatelyafterpilecompletion
Digitalrecord
Dataissavedforevery1inchofpilelength

AutomatedMonitoringEquipment(AME)
Equipmentautomaticallymonitors,displaysin
realtimeanddigitallyrecordskeydrilling
elements:
Time
Depth
TorquePressure
AugerRotation

15

AutomatedMonitoringEquipment(AME)
Equipmentautomaticallymonitors,displaysin
realtimeanddigitallyrecordskeygrouting
elements:
Time
Depth
GroutVolume
GroutLinePressure
AugerRotation

AutomatedMonitoringSystem
Components
DepthSensormeasuresaugertipposition
MagneticFlowMetermeasuresincrementalgrout
volume
Pressuresensormeasuresgroutlinepressure
Pressuresensormeasuresaugertorque
Controlunitmeasures,records,anddisplaysdrilling
andgroutingdata

16

PileInstallationRecorderforAugerCastPiles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

MainController
DepthReel
GroutlinePressure
MagneticFlowMeter
TorquePressure
AugerRotation

6
2

5
4

1
3

AutomatedMonitoringSystems
PileDynamicsPIRASystem

AMEreadout
guidescraneoperatorto
moreuniformpile

17

PIRGroutingScreen

Incrementswithlow
groutappearasredto
alertoperator

PIRViewer

18

AutomatedMonitoringSystems
PileDynamicsPIRSystem

TheDeepFoundationsInstitutesCastinPlacePilingSeminar KC'09

MagneticFlowMeter
Magneticflowmeterscreateamagneticfieldinthe
tube.
Faraday'sLawofInduction:"aconductivemedium
movingthroughamagneticfieldwillinduceavoltage
inthemediumthatisproportionaltoitsaverage
flowvelocity."
Thismeasurementdependsonlyonconductivity
andisindependentofdensity,viscosity,oranyother
parameter.

19

FieldPrintout

PileName:16REV
ProjectName:PITTSBURGH
PileVol:72.25ft3(139%)
Date:20090708

34.0518331558
36.07310031570
37.2979681227
[37.1,0.0][stop16:22(00:10:41)]

AugerData[start16:05]
timetorquepres
depthintervalminmax
(ft)(sec)(PSI)
0.0
2.021158247
4.019240400
6.020273352

Pilename,Projectname,
volumeinshaft,anddateof
installation
Depth,printedinuser
definedincrements
Timeforeachdepth
incrementprinted
Minimumandmaximum
torqueasafunctionof
depth
Starttime
Stoptimeaswellastotal
drillingtime

FieldPrintout

WithdrawalData[start16:22]
pumpedvolumeline
depthdT volumeratiominmax
(ft)(sec)(ft3)(%)(PSI)
37.2(maxdepth)
36.96.50(Stem+Head)
36.0244.31261114229
34.075.97211211245
32.063.71131224255

16.064.03143186212
15.9< returndepth(0.9)
14.063.92139187211
12.053.00106184212

2.063.60127174201
0.093.07109171198
1.84(spillvol)
[stop16:24(00:02:15)]

MaximumDrillingDepth
VolumeRequiredtofillAugerstem
plusStartingHead
DepthprintedinUserdefined
Increments
Withdrawaltimeasafunctionof
depth
PumpedVolumeasafunctionof
depth
PumpedVolumeRatio(Pumped
Volume/NominalVolume)asa
functionofDepth
MinandMaxGroutLinePressure
GroutReturnDepth
Start/StopTimes

20

FieldPrintout
Volume:(ft3)
NominalInc:
2.83(2.0ft)
TargetInc:
3.25(2.0ft)
Nominal:
51.91(16.0india)
MinTarget:
59.70(115%)
Shaft:
72.25(139%)
Stem:
3.67
Head:
2.83(2.0ft)
Pile:
78.75(152%)
Spill:
1.84
Reaugered:
0.00
Total:
80.59
Return:
44.21(85%)

NominalIncrementalVolume
TargetIncrementalVolume
NominalPileVolume
PileTargetVolume
VolumePumpedintoPile
StemVolume
StartingHeadVolume
SpillVolume
Reaugered Volume
GroutReturnHeight

Pile=Shaft+Stem+Head
Total=Pile+Spill+Reauger
LegendforIncrementWarnings.
*pumpedvolume<targetvolume
**pumpedvolume<nominalvolume

PIRVolumeRateandWithdrawalRatevs.Time

16

70

14

60

12
50
10
40
8
30
6
20
4
10

Pumped Volume Rate (ft3/min)

Auger Withdrawal Rate (ft/min)

Volume Rate and Withdrawal Rate vs. Time

0
4.5

4.0

3.5

3.0

WithdrawalRateSlows
asVolumeRateSlows

2.5

2.0

Time (min)

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
Vol. Rate
Withdrawl Rate

21

Volume Rate and Pump Pressure vs. Time


70

300

Pumped Volume Rate (ft3/min)

60

250

50

Pressure (psi)

200
40
150
30
100
20

50

10

0
4.5

3.5

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
Pressure

Time (min)

Vol. Rate

PumpedVolumeRateislowduringtimesofpump
malfunctions.

Volume and Withdrawal Rate vs. Auger Depth


16

6.0

14

4.0

10

3.0

2.0

1.0
2
0

Norm aliz ed Volum e (ft3/ft)

Auger W ithdraw al Speed


(ft/m in)

5.0
12

0.0
0

10

15

20

25

Depth (ft)

30

35

40

45

50

Withdrawl Rate
Normalized Volume
Theoretical Volume (100%)

Evenwithpumpmalfunction,bymonitoringwithPIR,thepilewasinstalledwith
adequateincrementalvolumeversusdepth.

22

10.1ProperlyUsingAME

PIRFieldPrintoutwith5footincrementSetting

ShaftName:1093
ProjectName:TEST
PileVol:107.18ft3(116%)
Date:20080722
AugerData[start11:45]
timetorquepres
depthintervalminmax
(ft)(sec)(PSI)
0.0
5.015100
10.03300
15.03800
20.03300
25.03300
30.03400
35.03400
40.03400
45.03400
50.03400
52.31600
[stop11:54(00:07:55)]

WithdrawalData[start11:54]
pumpedvolumepumpline_pres
depthvolumeratiostrks
minmax
(ft)(ft3)(%)(PSI)
52.3(maxdepth)
51.81.840(stemvol)
50.53.530(headvol)
50.01.34**33
08227
45.013.1014808277
40.011.8313408277
35.09.57*1080116268
30.010.67*121095276
25.011.301280103277
20.011.09125094284
15.8< returndepth
15.09.96*113023291
10.010.21*1160112288
5.012.321390115286
0.05.44**62
036284
0.000(spillvol)
[stop12:15(00:21:33)]

23

Plottedwith5ft.increments
Volumealways>100%

MagneticFlowMeter

Plottedwith2ft.increments
Volumedropsbelow100%atSeverallocations

24

FieldPrintoutGroutingDatawith2footincrement

WithdrawalData[start11:54]
pumpedvolumeAVGline
depthdTvolumeratioPressure
(ft)(sec)(ft3)(%)(PSI)
52.3(maxdepth)
50.55.40(Stem+Head)
52.010.00**00
50.021.34**380
48.074.801350
46.076.321770
44.054.03*1130
42.064.871370
40.074.801350
38.055.011410
36.053.53**990
34.053.28**920
32.063.81*1070
30.084.591290

28.055.761610
26.052.93**820
24.064.24*1190
22.073.96*1110
20.011205.761610
18.096.071700
16.042.54**710
15.8< returndepth(5.2)
14.053.46**970
12.073.00**840
10.085.261480
8.072.72**760
6.0117.772180
4.043.43**960
2.043.881090
0.010.00**00
0.00(spillvol)
[stop12:15(00:65528:65522)]

11.0:EmbeddedJack,RapidandDynamic
LoadTesting

25

MultiLevelEmbeddedJackLoadTesting
THEMULTILEVELOCELLTESTCANPROVIDETHEENGINEER
WITHMOREINFORMATIONWHENTHEESTIMATED
CAPACITYINSIDESHEAREXCEEDSTHATOFENDBEARING
THETESTALLOWSTHEENGINEERTOOBTAINDATAON
THREEORMOREISOLATEDPILECOMPONENTS(i.e.twoor
moreforshearandoneforendbearing)

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

ComparisonofEmbeddedJackLoadTests
andConventionalTopLoadTests

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

26

BiDirectionalLoadTesting
Limitations

Advantages

Pre-selected pile

No external reaction system

Maximum load limited by weaker of


end bearing or skin friction

No anchor piles

Test results need interpretation


Top of the pile is not structurally
tested
Top load movement curve must be
calculated

Little or no heavy transport


requirements
Only half the stresses applied to the
concrete
Significant cost savings as loads
increase

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

MultiLevelEmbeddedJackLoadTesting

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

27

InitialACIPPileApplications
Initialapplications
24inchdiameter,100ftlongpiles
13inchdiameterOcell
2,600kips(EquivalentTopLoad)

30inchdiameter,120ftlongpiles
16inchdiameterOcell
4,240kips(EquivalentTopLoad)

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

ConfigurationandSimulationPiles

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

28

EmbeddedJackAssembly

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

ResultsofBiDirectionalLoadTesting

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,HayesandMeyer

29

ResultsofBiDirectionalLoadTesting

Reference:ASCE2006Conference,
HayesandMeyer

RapidandDynamicLoadTesting
Techniques
HammerSystems(DLTHighStrainDynamic
Testing)
AppleSystem

Statnamic LoadTest(RLT)
Fundex System(RLT)

30

RapidandDynamicLoadTesting
Techniques

Fundex System

RLTStatnamicbyAFT

AppleSystemsbyGRL

TypicalInstrumentation
Loadcellstomeasureforce
Accelerometersandstrainsensors
Deflectionrecordedutilizingopticalreceivers,
transmittersand/orotherremotetechniques

31

AppleDynamicLoadTesting System

Graphics and photos courtesy of


Pile Dynamics Inc

Traditional
F = ma

Top
transducer

Force

Pile Velocity

Accelerometer
Strain / Force

32

DynamicTestingofACIPpiles
needlargedropweight
Applysingleblowsofvaryingdropheight
Tomovepiletoapermanentset

preparepiletop
excavateorbuilduppiletop
flattopprotectedbycushion
attachsensors

analysismethod
SignalMatching(e.g.CAPWAP)

Attachsensorstoaflatspotonshaft

33

Statnamic LoadTestingConceptRLT

Reference:ONeillandReese,1999

StatnamicLoadTestRLT
Statnamic Schematic
Gravel
Container

Gravel container
Gravel
ReactionGravel
masses
Silencer
Cylinder
Platform
Masses
Laser sensor
Laser
Laser beam

Pile

Laser

Piston
Load cell
Pile to be tested

Graphics courtesy of
Applied Foundation Testing Inc

34

FundexLoadTestingSystemRLT

12.1:LowStrainPileIntegrityTesting

35

LowStrainPileIntegrityTesting
Impactpiletopwithasmallhandheldhammer
Createsacompressivewavewithinthepile

Accelerometeratpiletopmeasurespiletop
movementduetotheimpactandanyreflectionwaves
Reflectionscomefrompiletoeorfromanychangesinpile
crosssection

Receivedaccelerationsignalisdigitallyintegratedto
getvelocity
IntendedtofindMAJOR defectswithinthepile
StandardTestMethodforLowStrainImpactIntegrity
TestingofDeepFoundations(ASTMD5882)

LowStrainPileIntegrityTesting
Advantages
Fastandeconomical
Oneindividualcantestmanypilesinoneday

Cantestany/allpilesonsitewithnospecial
installationproceduresrequired
Nospecialpileinstallationmethodneeded
Noneedtoinstallaccesstube,nospecialpile
buildup,etc.

36

LowStrainPileIntegrityTesting
Disadvantages
LimitedL/Dratio
ToughertogettoereflectionwhenL>30Dia.

Nonuniformpilescreatemanyreflections
makingdatainterpretationdifficult

LowStrainPileIntegrityTest
GoodPile

BadPile

37

PileIntegrityTest
GoodPile
0.30

cm/s

40 FT GOOD - 5: # 1

0.15

MA:
MD:
LE:
WS:
LO:
HI:
PV:
T1:

1.00
2.44
12.19
3962
0.61
30.5
0
32

0.00

-0.15

T1

Toe
Vel
F/Z

10

12 m

PileIntegrityTest
DefectivePile

38

PITdetectedpiledefectat4.1mdepth;confirmedbycore

Wideinput
impliesdefect
neartop

Weexcavatedandfoundsome
caves.Icouldstickmyhandallthe
waytothemiddleofthepileand
pullouthandfulls ofsoil.

39

PTA59

TP3

Bad pile excavated to


reveal neck

40

PITandPIRDataCorrelation

Risetoriseevaluation:
defectat~28ft.
Lowgrout(44%)from28
to26ft.
PITandPIRAagreeondefectlocation.

PITvs.PIRCorrelation

WithdrawalData[start14:06]
pumpedvolumeline_pres
depthvolumeratiominmax
(ft)(ft3)(%)(PSI)
28.02.30**94200252
26.05.01204198268
24.01.87**76198268
22.02.01**82194252
20.06.18252194263
18.7< returndepth
18.01.66**68198252
16.06.07247198283
14.03.28134198283
12.03.64148201261
10.04.45181201261
8.03.85157205260
6.03.53144205260
4.02.68*109203260
2.03.39138203260
0.03.8515769269
0.04(spillvol)
[stop14:11(00:04:21)]

41

12.2:SingleHoleSonicLogging

SingleHoleSonicLogging
Tubeisinstalledwiththerebarcage
TubeMUSTbeplasticforSSLtest

Ultrasonicpulseistransmittedfromthe
transmitterprobe
Receiverprobereceivessignalsfrom
transmitter
Receivedsignalpathsincludedirectpathfrom
transmitterandreflectionsfromimpedance
changes
TheDeepFoundationsInstitutesCastinPlacePilingSeminar KC'09

42

SingleHoleSonicLogging

Howtofinddefects?
Good

Defect

1. Reducedsignalstrength(lowerenergy)
2. Delayedarrivaltime

43

SSLforUniformPileandDefectivePile
Uniformpilewithconsistent
arrivaltimes

PilewithDefectwillhavedelayed
arrivaltimeandreducedenergyat
defectlocation

``

SSLcomparisonwithPITforadefectivepile

Defectclearlyshownin
PITandSSLdata

44

12.3:ThermalIntegrityTesting

ThermalIntegrityProfiling
PatentedResearchdeveloped
attheUniversityofSouth
Florida
Twomeasurement
techniques
IRprobesscanthepilevia
CSLaccesstubes
ThermalWiresarecast
intothepileattachedto
cageorcenterbar
Measurestheelevated
temperaturesduringthe
hydrationprocessto
determinepileintegrity

45

ThermalIntegrityProfiling
Testcanrevealanomaliesboth
insideandoutsidethe
reinforcingcage
Testcanrevealcagealignment
problems
Minimumcovercanbeverified

Testiscompletedwithinfirst
fewdaysafterinstallation
(dependinguponpile
diameter)
Acceleratesconstruction

LimiteduseonACIPpilesto
date

ThermalIntegrityProfiling

TIPtestshowsbulgeinuppersectionofshaft
(NWportion)
ExcavationverifiesTIPanalysis

46

SUMMARY
Qualitycontrolisbeingsuccessfullyimplemented
TheDFIhasbeenandcontinuestobealeaderindeveloping
qualitycontrolguidesforACIPpiles
QualitycontrolisnecessarythroughouttheentireACIPpile
constructionprocess
Automatedmonitoringisbeingutilizedtohelpwithquality
control.AMEisusedasasupplementto,butcannotreplace,
qualifiedQ/CContractorsandInspectors
NDTmethodsarebeingwidelyutilizedtofindmajordefects
withinapile
UnderstandthelimitationsoftheselectedNDTmethod

Shouldquestionableconditionsbeobservedduringthepile
installationprocess,themostcosteffectiveandtimesaving
solutionisoftentoredrillandregroutthepile

47