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HOW DOES IT FEEL TO FIGHT WILD FIRES FOR A LIVING?

WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010


“WE HIKE STEEP SLOPES DOWN INTO CANYONS”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
“IT’S VERY HOT AND SMOKY”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
“MAINLY, IT’S MANUAL LABOR... DONE WITH HAND TOOLS”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
“WE GO HOURS AND HOURS WITHOUT BREAKS”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
“WE OFTEN WORK IN THE DARK”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
PHASE 1| DISCOVERY
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

INTERVIEWS

After dozens of interviews


with different firefighters, I
was introduced to Battalion
Chief, John Ingrao.
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

PROBLEM STORYBOARDS

1. I NEED MY MRE WITHOUT 2. WHO’S WHO? 3. THIS CHAIN SAW DIGS John validated many of the
REMOVING MY PACK INTO MY SHOULDER problems I noticed through
observation.

4. I NEED TO ACCESS MY PACK


IN POOR LIGHTING
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

PROJECT GOALS

OPPORTUNITY STATEMENT PROJECT SYMBOL LEGEND

To rethink the way that wild land firefighters interact with their packs. DEMOGRAPHICS

PROJECT GOALS
+Make user interaction with the pack easier for the user ASPECTS OF THE JOB

+Save time and energy for the user

+To make a rugged and dependable product


DESIRED CONSUMER
EXPERIENCE
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

COMPARABLE PRODUCTS

COAXSHER FS-1 RANGER COAXSHER FS-1 RANGER


Nylon webbing +Overly complicated
modularity

+Only reflector strips for


night-time visibility

Padded straps TRUE NORTH FIREFLY

H20 bottle holder +Limited modularity

+Only reflector strips for


Reflective material night-time visibility

USAR Fire shelter


case STATPACKS SPOTFIRE
Misc. pouches +Very limited modularity

Fusee storage +Only reflector strips for


nightitme visibility
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

MARKET OPPORTUNITY

NIGHT-TIME USE EXISTING NIGHT-


TIME-USE FEATURES
STATPACKS SPOTFIRE
+Thin reflective strip

TRUE NORTH FIREFLY


+Moderate use of reflective
tape
SINGLE MODULAR
UNIT
COAXHSER FS 1 RANGER
+Moderate use of reflective
tape

TRUE NORTH GO! PACK


+Moderate use of reflective
DAY-TIME USE
PHASE 2 | TARGET USER
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH


TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION LIFE-CYCLE

THE INNOVATOR
“Classically the first
people to adopt any new
technology

INNOVATORS EARLY EARLY LATE LAGGARDS


ADOPTERS MAJORITY MAJORITY
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | FIRELINE MEDIC


JOHN INGRAO

Segment: Wildland
fire fighter
Name: John Ingrao
Occupation:
Wildland medic
Residence: Oregon
city, OR
Favorite aspect of
the job: Never a
dull moment
+A wildland/
medic pack that
integrates with
web gear or PPE
+A medical pack
that is designed
for wildland - not
military trauma
+Comfort
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | FIRELINE MEDIC


JOHN INGRAO

A DAY IN THE LIFE THE GEAR I USE NOW +Applying years of


experience

+Medical treatment

+Must carry
medical supplies

+Must also carry


PPE/web gear

“ One thing about us is we


always put things away
when we’re done. We like a
systematic approach”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

EXPERIENCE THEME| SYSTEMATIC


Inspired by the Fireline Medic

THEMES

+Simplified forms

+Modularity

+Organized

+Integration

+Specific locations for gear


WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

SKETCH IDEATION | SYSTEMATIC


Inspired by the Fireline Medic

+Modular

+Organized
+Simplified form

+Integrated

+Specific locations
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | THE WILDLAND NEWBIE


MIKE ELLIOTT

Segment: Wildland
fire fighter
Name: Mike Elliot
Occupation:
Urban fire fighter
intern/ Wildland
Firefighter
Residence:
Corvallis, OR
Favorite aspect of
+Fire shelter
shouldn’t bounce
against butt when
walking
+A simple, less
bulky pack
+Shoulder
protection from
carrying chain saw
+Simple and sleek
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | THE WILDLAND NEWBIE


MIKE ELLIOTT

A DAY IN THE LIFE THE GEAR I USE NOW +Manual fireline


duties

+Learning how to
use his and identify
his gear

+Receiving
instruction

MIKE ELLIOT
“Keep it simple,
keep it sleek”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

EXPERIENCE THEME | SLEEK


Inspired by the Wildland Newbie

THEMES

+ Compact design

+Low drag shapes

+Smooth forms

+Light weight
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

SKETCH IDEATION | SLEEK


Inspired by the Wildland Newbie

+Compact/
+Eats with integrated chain
pack on saw guard

+Weight towards
bottom for lower +Smooth forms
center of gravity

+Protein
bars
+MRE
access

+Sleek shapes to
distribute weight
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | THE BATTALION CHIEF


JOHN INGRAO

Segment: Wildland fire


fighter
Occupation: Battalion
Chief
Residence: Oregon city,
OR
Favorite aspect
of the job: Many
responsibilities - Many

+Convenience
+Easy access to MRE
without removing
+Better visibility of the
crew at night
+Compartments that can
be easily accessed in
poor lighting conditions
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

TARGET USER RESEARCH | THE BATTALION CHIEF


JOHN INGRAO

A DAY IN THE LIFE THE GEAR I USE NOW +Manual fire line duties

+Working in the dark

+Applying years of
experience

+Planning

+Leadership

+Communication
“We work hard - all of our
gear should be very rugged
and durable”
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

EXPERIENCE THEME | RUGGED


Inspired by the Battalion Chief

THEMES

+ Bulging shapes

+Illuminated elements

+Water resistance

+Heavy nylon fabric


WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

SKETCH IDEATION | RUGGED


Inspired by the Fireline Medic

+Water resistant zippers


Modular system
+Nylon
webbing

+Illuminated
seams

+Heavy nylon
fabric

+Illuminated
zipper- pulls

+Bulging shapes
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

DESIGN EVALUATION | PROFESSIONAL FEEDBACK

MY COMMENTARY It would be nice if urban search and


rescue teams could clip their glow
BATTALION CHIEF, JOHN’S sticks somewhere. This way they can
What are the basic supplies distinguish which team is which.
for a small day pack? Why is the fire shelter off to the side
+Canteen/ a few H20 bottles here?
+1 MRE
+Gloves Because a newer firefighter said
+1 sm. first-aid kit This pack it bumps against his butt when he
+Flagging tape would work walks...
+Camera great for USAR
+Snack bar teams too! If they are set far enough beneath the
+Bandana pack, the way good packs are, it’s not
a problem.

Can you explain the USAR scenario?

Urban search and rescue teams


I like the glowing (USAR) are divided into teams with
name badge Idea! corresponding colors. Teams often
tape different colored glow sticks to
their helmets.

How many H2O bottles do you


need?
At least 2 + the camelback reservoir

What do you thing about the


MRE accessible here?
This I Think that’s a great Idea!
draw-string
would wear out. I’ve never seen this on a pack before...
That would be very handy!
PHASE 3 | EVALUATION
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

DESIGN EVALUATION | PROFESSIONAL FEEDBACK

TO VALIDATE MATERIAL
CHOICES I SPOKE
WITH JOHN, AND
PROFESSIONALS IN THE
TEXTILE INDUSTRY.
BATTALION CHIEF JOHN
+Most wild land packs used are
made of Cordura nylon.
+Velcro can be a good fastener for
BALLISTIC CORDURA® 3-D NYLON SPACER FABRIC ELASTIC CORDURA® FABRIC some applications
FABRIC (706)
TEXTILE DESIGNER, DAN MEYER
+Recommends cordura
+Provided samples of recommended
3-D nylon and polyester spacer
fabrics.
+”You want breatheability against
the skin as much as possible”

MATERIALS EXPERT, BILL DIETER


OF TERRAZIGN
+All Cordura are a good choice
+Nylon products have a tendency to
degrade in UV unless treated
+Kevlar and nomex are very
expensive materials -
+I recommend laminating to prevent
snagging and extra weight
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

FINAL CONCEPT | FEATURES

PRODUCT FEATURES
+Illuminated zipper seams
Makes access in the dark more intuitive

+Illuminated zipper pulls


Makes locating them in the dark much easier

+Illuminated icons
Throughout the pack, a use of simple glowing
Icons makes finding the right pocket faster

+Glove-sto
Pocket to reduce forgetful loss of gloves on the job

+Modular configuration
Allows for greater versatility of pack

+Cinch n go
Allows the user to quickly tighten straps after a
break
+Glows tick holder
+Fire fighters can distinguish between rank or
teams
Bone barrier
+Integrated chain saw shoulder pad

Easy-access MRE
+Easily accessible zipper port - Pack can remain on
during access

Cloth-sto
+An integrated tear/snag resistant cordura mash
sack to store dirty clothes after wearing.

Drinking water
+Besides having the option to insert a camelbak,
a water bottle holder within the pack keeps two
bottles cold.
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

FINAL CONCEPT | MODULARITY

STAGE 1. DAY PACK STAGE 2. MEDIUM TRIP EXPLODED VIEW

STAGE 3. LG TRIP STAGE 4. LG TRIP + POPOCKETS


WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

FINAL CONCEPT | MATERIALS


TEXTILES

DOUBLE POLYURETHANE-COATED
BALLISTIC CORDURA® FABRIC

CORDURA® MESH

3-D NYLON SPACER FABRIC

STRONTIUM OXIDE (LUMINOVA®)

25mm HOOK & LOOP


NATULON®

ELECTRO- LUMINESCENT WIRE

ELASTIC CORDURA® FABRIC


WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

FINAL CONCEPT | MATERIALS


HARDWARE

POM YSRD38 SIZE 38mm SIDE-


RELEASE BUCKLE

ALICE CLIPS

SIZE 3 CFT8 YKK COIL ZIPPER

POM YSRD50 SIZE 50 mm SIDE-


RELEASE BUCKLE

TRITIUM ZIPPER PULLS

ALUMINUM GROMMET
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

CHOSEN MATERIAL INFO | TEXTILES

DOUBLE POLYURETHANE-COATED ELASTIC CORDURA® FABRIC STRONTIUM OXIDE (LUMINOVA®) ENVIRONMENTAL


BALLISTIC CORDURA® FABRIC (706) Benefits: Good elasticity and light-weight. Benefits: Glows in the dark to provide
Benefits: High abrasion, weather and Also offers enhanced tear and abrasion better visibility. Excellent weather and
CONSIDERATIONS
flame resistance and relatively light resistance. light fastness. Afterglow brightness of TRITIUM RECYCLING
weight Use: up to ten times that of conventional The world's biggest supplier of
Use +Compression lining inside pockets. phosphorescent pigments. radiolabelled molecules has
:+Walls and floor of the pack Use: developed a way to turn all the
+ The PU coating, dyed Orange (Pantone +Along zipper tracks and access points radioactive tritium waste it produces
143 M) to increase contrast. back into material pure enough
to be used again. http://www.rsc.
3-D NYLON SPACER FABRIC ELECTRO- LUMINESCENT CORDURA® MESH org/chemistryworld/News/2008/
Benefits: Provides padding to the user. WIRE (LYTEC©) Benefits: Breathable, semi transparent April/24040801.asp
Breathable and cushioning. Benefits: Glows in the dark. Requires only textile.
Use: minimal power source. Use: NATULON® PROPERTIES
+Cushioning Use: +Mesh clothing sack An Environmentally friendly material
+Illuminated name badge +Glove-sto made of recycled PET.
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

CHOSEN MATERIAL INFO | HARDWARE

ALICE CLIPS ALUMINUM GROMMET 25mm HOOK & LOOP POM YSRD38 SIZE 38mm SIDE-
Benefits: Widely recognized device. They Benefits: Inexpensive and lightweight. NATULON® RELEASE BUCKLE
is weather resistant and very strong. Use: Benefits: Long-lasting durability and high Benefits: Easy to use with gloves.
Pack drainage strength.
Use: Designed for outdoor use, it is durable
Use:
+Attaches harness system to the pack. +For fastening the various pocket and light -weight.
+Attaches large and small pack together. auxiliary pockets closed.

POM YSRD50 SIZE 50 mm SIDE- SIZE 3 CFT8 YKK COIL ZIPPER TRITIUM ZIPPER PULLS
RELEASE BUCKLE Benefits: uses AquaGuard water repellent Benefits: Offers strong continuous
Benefits: Large, easy to use with gloves. Use: illumination.
Designed for outdoor use, it is durable +Main access pocket and Glove-sto Use:
and light compartment. +All pack zipper pulls
Use:
+Waist harness strap
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010

SPECIAL THANKS TO MY APPAREL DESIGN


COLABORATORS..

DERIAN LONIGAN MARK VAN WEERD RUTH


For donating your time to helping me get For applying your soft goods expertise For constructing the final model
initial shape models off the ground. to help bring my drawings to 3D.
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!
WILDLAND FIRE FIGHTING BACKPACK | RYAN DE LUCA | WINTER 2010