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# Answer ALL SIX questions in Section A and THREE questions

from Section B.
The numbers in square brackets in the right-hand margin indicate the provisional maximum credit per section of a question.

[Part marks]

Section A

## 1. (a) State the formal definition of the derivative of a function f (x).

(b) Using the formal definition
of the derivative, calculate from first principles
the derivative of f (x) = 2 x at x = 1.
2. (a) Use partial fractions to calculate the following indefinite integrals:
Z
x
dx ;
(i)
2
x 3x 4
Z
3x 1
(ii)
dx .
(x 1)(x2 + 1)
(b) Use integration by parts to calculate the following indefinite integrals:
Z
(i)
x sin x dx ;
Z
(ii)
x3 ln x dx .

x
(i) f (x) =
;
x1

[2]
[4]

[4]

[4]

[4]

## (ii) g(x) = eln(x ) 3x7 .

(b) Given a function y = f (x), state the condition for a point x0 to be stationary.

[2]

(c) Given a function y = f (x), state the criteria to determine the nature of a
stationary point.

[2]

PHAS1245/2015

[Part marks]

[2]

[2]

## (c) Calculate u (v w) for u = i + 2j + 4k, v = 2i + 2j, w = i + 3j.

[2]

5. (a) Write an expression for the absolute value |z| of the complex number z = a+ib,
with a and b real.

[1]

(b) Write an expression for the complex conjugate z of the complex number
z = a + ib, with a and b real.

[1]

(c) Compute the absolute value and the complex conjugate of the complex number

[2]

w = i17 .
(d) Determine the real and imaginary parts of the complex number
z=

1 + 4i
.
3 + 2i

## 6. Calculate the following limits:

[6]

6x + 1
;
x+ 2x + 5
x5 1
(ii) lim
;
x1 x 1
2 sin x sin(2x)
.
(iii) lim
x0
x sin x
(i)

[2]

lim

CONTINUED

PHAS1245/2015

Section B

7. (a) Write down the general form of the Maclaurin series for a function f (x).
(b) Determine the Maclaurin series for the function

[4]
[2]

f (x) = ln(1 + x) .
Hence, or otherwise, determine the Maclaurin series for the function


1+x
.
g(x) = ln
1x
(c) Determine the first three non-zero terms in the Maclaurin series for the function
f (x) = cos(sin x) .
Hence, or otherwise, determine the limit

[4]

[2]

[2]

1 cos(sin x)
.
x0
x2
lim

## (d) Determine the limit

[6]

3
lim x( x2 + 1 x3 + 1) .

x+

PHAS1245/2015

[4]

## (b) Determine all the solutions of the equation

[4]

z 5 + 32 = 0 ,
and plot them in an Argand diagram.
(c) Let z = 1 i. Calculate the real and imaginary parts of z 10 .

(d) For each of the following equations, find, describe and plot in an Argand
diagram the set of solutions z:
(i) |z| = 1;
(ii) z |z| = z ;

(iii) arg z = ;
4
2
(iv) |z| 2|z| 3 = 0.

CONTINUED

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[4]
[8]

[Part marks]

## 9. (a) Determine the sums of the following infinite series:

(i)

(ii)

n=1

n2

n=1

2
;
+ 2n

n+1 n

.
n2 + n

(b) Show, by any means, whether the following sums converge or diverge:
(i)

[8]

X
n2

3n

(ii)

n=0

1
;
n

(iii)

n en .

n=1

[6]

n=0

(c) For each of the following series, determine the value for the real parameter
so that the given sum is equal to 1/3:
(i)

(ii)

(ln )n ;

n=0

n=1

1
.
(1 + )n

PHAS1245/2015

[6]

[Part marks]

## 10. The position vector of a point in 2D Cartesian coordinates is given by

r = xi + yj .
Consider now polar coordinates, defined by
x = r cos ,
y = r sin .
(a) Derive an expression for the unit vectors of polar coordinates r and in terms
of the unit vectors in Cartesian coordinates i and j.

[4]

[4]

= cos
+ sin
,
r
x
y
and

[4]

= r sin
+ r cos
.

x
y

## (ii ) Determine an expression for the Laplace operator

[8]

2
2
+
x2 y 2
in polar coordinates [Hint: Calculate first

2
r 2

and

2
].
2

CONTINUED

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[Part marks]

11. (a) Write the general expression for the Maclaurin expansion up to the second
order of a function of two variables z = f (x, y).

[2]

(b) Determine the Maclaurin expansion up to the second order of the following
functions of two variables:

[9]

## (i) f (x, y) = sin x sin y ;

(ii) g(x, y) = x ex y ;
(iii) h(x, y) = x2 sin(y 2 ) .
(c) Find the stationary point(s) of the following functions and discuss its (their)
nature:
2

## (i) f (x, y) = e(x +y ) ;

(ii) g(x, y) = x2 y + x2 2y ;
(iii) h(x, y) = ln(1 + x2 y 2 ) .

END OF PAPER

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