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The open-source, modular cloud platform OpenStack. (IAAS platform).

Customers to deploy applications in a software-defined

datacentre. The platform is divided into a number of projects, each of which delivers part of the infrastructure.
SDDC Software Dfined Data Centre
three core components of the software-defined data center: network virtualization, server virtualization and storage virtualization
OpenStack Components
There are currently seven core components of OpenStack: Compute, Object Storage, Identity, Dashboard, Block Storage, Network and
Image Service. Lets look at each in turn:
Object Store (codenamed Swift) allows you to store or retrieve files (but not mount directories like a fileserver). Several
companies provide commercial storage services based on Swift. These include KT, Rackspace (from which Swift originated)
and Hewlett-Packard. Swift is also used internally at many large companies to store their data.
Image Store (codenamed Glance) provides a catalog and repository for virtual disk images. These disk images are mostly
commonly used in OpenStack Compute.
Compute (codenamed Nova) provides virtual servers upon demand. Rackspace andHP provide commercial compute services
built on Nova and it is used internally at companies like Mercado Libre, Comcast, Best Buy and NASA (where it originated).
Dashboard (codenamed Horizon) provides a modular web-based user interface for all the OpenStack services. With this web
GUI, you can perform most operations on your cloud like launching an instance, assigning IP addresses and setting access
Identity (codenamed Keystone) provides authentication and authorization for all the OpenStack services. It also provides a
service catalog of services within a particular OpenStack cloud.
Network (which used to named Quantum but is in the process of being renamed due to a trademark issue) provides network
connectivity as a service between interface devices managed by other OpenStack services (most likely Nova). The service
works by allowing users to create their own networks and then attach interfaces to them. Quantum has a pluggable architecture
to support many popular networking vendors and technologies.
Block Storage (codenamed Cinder) provides persistent block storage to guest VMs. This project was born from code
originally in Nova (the nova-volume service that has been depricated). While this was originally a block storage only
service, ithas been extended to NFS shares.
In addition to these core projects, there are also a number of non-core projects that will be included in future OpenStack releases.