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5.

BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL :

Formula used for computation


Square Footing

Non-cohesive soil
Formula used for computation

Cohesive soil:
Qult = CNCSC + DfNq + 0.5BNS
(Ref:Foundation Analysis and Design by J.E. Bowles)

qa = 720 ( N-3) {( B+1)/2B}2 Rw'


Ref: Foundation Design by Wayne C. Teng
Where,

Qallowable = Qult/3

qa = Allowable bearing capacity of soil in psf

Hole
No.

ground level in ft.

N
field
(av
g)

5.00

1.18

7.00

1.18

8.50

1.65

10.00

1.65

12.00

1.65

13.50

1.88

15.00

1.88

5.00

0.90

7.00

0.90

8.50

1.18

10.00

1.18

12.00

1.18

13.50

1.65

15.00

1.65

Depth below the existing

* qu = Unconfined compressive strength of soil

qu in
psf

Net allowable bearing capacity of soil


for
square footing in Ksf ( F.S. used 3 )

ULTIMATE SKIN FRICTION FOR CONCRETE PILE ( fs )

Formula used
Cohesive Soil
:
fs = Cd
( Cd = qu/2 )
Non-cohesive Soil :
fs = Ks Pd tan ( = 3/4 )
( Ref: Foundation Design & Construction by M.J. Tomlinson.
Fifth Edition. Chapter Seven.)

Depth in ft. '


_
N
_

q
f

Hole soilPd='Df field K



u
s
No. From To pcf. Ksf. (avg)
s degree
Ksf. Ksf.

1
5.00 18.00 45.00
0.58
6
1.10 18.00

0.08

18.00 22.00 50.00


0.20
13

0.45
3.25
0.73

22.00 27.00 50.00


0.25
10

0.45
2.50
0.56

27.00 32.00 50.00


0.25
12

0.45
3.00
0.67

32.00 37.00 55.00


0.28
15

0.45
3.75
0.84

37.00 42.00 50.00


0.25
11

0.45
2.75
0.62

42.00 45.00 50.00


0.15
9

0.45
2.25
0.51

45.00 47.00 50.00


0.10
9

0.45
2.25
0.51

47.00 50.00 50.00


0.15
12

0.45
3.00
0.67

50.00 53.00 50.00


0.15
12

0.45
3.00
0.67

53.00 55.00 60.00


0.12
37
1.30 33.00

1.45

55.00 60.00 60.00


0.30
35
1.30 33.00

1.58

60.00 65.00 60.00


0.30
40
1.30 33.00

1.76

65.00 75.00 60.00


0.60
47
1.30 35.00

2.17

75.00 77.00 60.00


0.12
45
1.30 35.00

2.30

77.00 85.00 65.00


0.52
50
1.30 36.00

2.30

85.00 90.00 65.00


0.32
50
1.30 36.00

2.30

2
5.00 17.00 40.00
0.48
5
1.00 12.00

0.04

17.00 22.00 50.00


0.25
10

0.45
2.50
0.56

22.00 27.00 50.00


0.25
11

0.45
2.75
0.62

27.00 32.00 50.00


0.25
14

0.45
3.50
0.79

32.00 37.00 55.00


0.28
16

0.45
4.00
0.90

37.00 42.00 50.00


0.25
10

0.45
2.50
0.56

42.00 45.00 50.00


0.15
8

0.45
2.00
0.45

45.00 47.00 50.00


0.10
8

0.45
2.00
0.45

47.00 50.00 50.00


0.15
12

0.45
3.00
0.67

50.00 52.00 50.00


0.10
12

0.45
3.00
0.67

52.00 55.00 60.00


0.18
24
1.25 32.00

1.31

55.00 60.00 60.00


0.30
30
1.25 32.50

1.46

60.00 65.00 60.00


0.30
34
1.30 33.00

1.73

65.00 75.00 60.00


0.60
41
1.30 34.00

2.07

75.00 83.00 60.00


0.48
47
1.30 35.00

2.30

83.00 85.00 65.00


0.13
50
1.30 36.00

2.30

85.00 95.00 65.00


0.65
50
1.30 36.00

2.30

95.00 100.00 65.00


0.32
50
1.30 36.00

2.30

CARRYING CAPACITY OF PILE:

Type B.H. Length Ultimate Carring Capacity(Kips) Allowable Carrying

of
No. of pileCapacity of pile
pile
(feet) Base ResistanceShaft Resistance(Kips) F.S.=2.5

18"dia 1
40
18
89
43

cast-in-
45
24
104
51

situ RCC
50
153
127
112

pile

55
167
164
132

60
185
205
156

70
312
307
248

80
366
416
313

2
40
16
89
42

45
24
103
51

50
120
128
99

55
150
162
125

60
182
203
154

70
257
301
223

80
360
409
308

90
407
517
370

95
434
572
402

20"dia 1
40
22
99
49

cast-in-
45
29
115
58

situ RCC
50
189
141
132

pile

55
206
182
155

60
228
228
183

70
385
342
291

80
452
462
366

2
40
20
99
48

45
29
115
58

50
149
142
116

55
185
180
146

60
225
226
180

70
317
334
261

80
445
454
360

90
502
575
431

95
535
635
468

Note : Pile length is effective from

5 ft below the existing ground level.

8.

DISCUSSION AND COMMENT:

8.1

The proposed 8-storied residential building of Mr. Md. Abdul Mannan is going to be
constructed at Plot No. 674/35, Katashurre, Bochila Road, Mohammadpur, Dhaka
where the location of 2nos. of bore hole points are shown on the site plan attached
in this report.

8.2

The net allowable bearing capacity of soil for square footing at 5ft, 7ft. 8.5ft, 10ft,
12ft, 13.5ft and 15ft depth below the existing ground level of each bore hole has
been furnished in this report considering a factor of safety of 3 for necessary
utilization .

8.3

The field exploration data , SPT values and the net allowable bearing capacity of
soil for square footing represent that the underlying subsoil stratum within the load
bearing zone up to 18ft depth in the region of BH-1 and 17ft depth in the region of
BH-2 is not good enough to sustain the superimposed load of the proposed
structure .

8.4

Therefore, transmission of superimposed load of the proposed structure to a deeper


and resistive stratum by means of RCC piling as commented below.

8.5

In view of the above discussion and observation supported with exploration data
and the laboratory test results the following suggestion has been furnished for
founding the proposed 8-storied residential building in the explored area.
18"dia. or 20" dia. cast-in-situ RCC pile of suitable length may be provided for
construction of the proposed structure. The allowable carrying capacity of cast-insitu RCC pile of said dimension of different lengths has been furnished in this
report for necessary utilization. A factor of safety of 2.5 and the pile cut-off length
of 5ft depth below the existing ground level have been used for computation of
allowable carrying capacity of RCC pile.
* Finally , it is noted here that the design engineer will take the appropriate
decision about the type, depth and extent of foundation considering the economy
and safety of the proposed structure based on geological condition of the site and
physical properties of the underlying subsoil stratum as furnished in this report.

THE NATIONAL SOIL ENGINEERS


DHAKA

CLIENT
LOCATION

: MR. MD.ABDUL MANNAN


: PLOT NO.674/35,KATASHURE,BOCHILA ROAD,
MOHAMMADPUR, DHAKA.

R O A D

15'

BH-1
12'

61'

25

BH-2

15'

51'-6

Not to scale

THE NATIONAL SOIL ENGINEERS


DHAKA.
BORE HOLE NO. 01
DEPTH
IN
FEET

THICK
NESS

BORE LOG
CLIENT
LOCATION

:
:

MR. MD. ABDUL MANNAN


PLOT NO. 674/35, KATASHURE, BOCHILA ROAD,
MOHAMMADPUR, DHAKA.

DEPTH:- 90'-0"
CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL

DIA:- 4"
LOG

DATE:- 11-11-2012

STANDARD PENETRATION
TEST/FEET

10

20

30

40

50

18'-0"

DEPTH IN
FEET

6'-0"
D-2= 8'-6" to 10'-0"'

D-3=13'-6" to 15'-0"

6
18'-0"

D-4= 18'-6" to 20'-0"

13
9'-0"

Light yellowish brown & grey


medium Compressible SILT (stiff)

D-5= 23'-6" to 25'-0"

10

27'-0"

D-6= 28'-6" to 30'-0"

12

D-7= 33'-6" to 35'-0"

15
26'-0"

Light grey medium Compressible


SILT, trace fine sand (stiff)

D-8= 38'-6" to 40'-0"

11

D-9= 43'-6" to 45'-0"

D-10= 48'-6" to 50'-0"

12
53'-0"

D-11= 53'-6" to 55'-0"

37

D-12= 58'-6" to 60'-0"

35
24'-0"

Light yellowish brown fine SAND,


some silt trace mica (dense)

D-13=63'-6" to 65'-0"

40
48
45

77'-0"

13'-0"

Light yellowish brown fine SAND,


trace silt & mica (very dense)

50
50

90'-0"
DISTURBED SAMPLE

G.
W.T

D-1 = 3'-6" to 5'-0"

4
Yellowish brown fine SAND, trace
silt & mica (very loose to loose)

REMARKS
ON
SAMPLES

D-14=68'-6" to 70'-0"

D-15=73'-6" to 75'-0"

D-16=78'-6" to 80'-0"

D-17=83'-6" to 85'-0"

D-18=88'-6" to 90'-0"
50
UNDISTURBED SAMPLE

THE NATIONAL SOIL ENGINEERS


DHAKA.
BORE HOLE NO. 02
DEPTH
IN
FEET

THICK
NESS

BORE LOG
CLIENT
LOCATION

:
:

MR. MD. ABDUL MANNAN


PLOT NO. 674/35, KATASHURE, BOCHILA ROAD,
MOHAMMADPUR, DHAKA.

DEPTH:- 100'-0"
CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL

DIA:- 4"
LOG

DATE:- 12-11-2012

STANDARD PENETRATION
TEST/FEET

10

20

30

40

50

17'-0"

D-2= 8'-6" to 10'-0"'

D-3=13'-6" to 15'-0"

D-4= 18'-6" to 20'-0"

10
15'-0"

Bluish grey & medium


Compressible SILT (stiff)

37'-0"

D-5= 23'-6" to 25'-0"

11

D-6= 28'-6" to 30'-0"

14

32'-0"
5'-0"

Light grey medium plastic CLAY


(very stiff)

D-7= 33'-6" to 35'-0"

16

D-8= 38'-6" to 40'-0"

10
15'-0"

Light grey medium Compressible


SILT, trace fine sand (stiff)

D-9= 43'-6" to 45'-0"

D-10= 48'-6" to 50'-0"

12

52'-0"

D-11= 53'-6" to 55'-0"

24

D-12= 58'-6" to 60'-0"

30

31'-0"

Light yellowish brown fine SAND,


some silt trace mica
(medium dense to dense)

D-13=63'-6" to 65'-0"

34

D-14=68'-6" to 70'-0"

40

D-15=73'-6" to 75'-0"

42
47

D-16=78'-6" to 80'-0"

83'-0"
50

17'-0"

Light yellowish brown fine SAND,


trace silt & mica (very dense)

Over

50
50

100'-0"

G.
W.T

6'-0"

17'-0"

DEPTH IN
FEET

D-1 = 3'-6" to 5'-0"

3
Light yellowish brown fine SAND,
trace silt & mica (very loose)

REMARKS
ON
SAMPLES

50

D-17=83'-6" to 85'-0"

D-18=88'-6" to 90'-0"

D-19=93'-6" to 95'-0"

D-20=98'-6" to 100'-0"

DISTURBED SAMPLE

UNDISTURBED SAMPLE