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Full Definition of PHYSICAL EDUCATION

: instruction in the development and care of the body ranging from simple calisthenic exercises to a
course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, and the performance and management of
athletic games

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/physical%20education

Definition of HEALTH
1
a : the condition of being sound in body, mind, or spirit; especially : freedom from physical disease
or pain

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/health

Definition of WELLNESS
: the quality or state of being in good health especially as an actively sought goal <lifestyles that
promote wellness>

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/wellness

Defintion of Physical fitness


Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to
perform aspects of sports or occupations. Physical fitness is generally achieved through
correct nutrition,[1] moderate-vigorous physical activity,[2] exercise and rest.[3] It is a set of attributes or
characteristics seen in people and which relate to the ability to perform a given set of physical
activities.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_fitness

COMPONENTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS


Health Related components: Those factors that are related to how well the systems
of your body work
1. Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart and
blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise.

2. Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to


lean body mass (muscle, bone, water,etc)
3. Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints.
4. Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a
single contraction of a muscle
5. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle
movement over a length of time.

Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for
successful sportor activity participation.
1. Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a
straight line
2. Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly
3. Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving
4. Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the
input of the senses.
5. Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving.
6. Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.
http://www.bow.k12.nh.us/cchulada/components_of_physical_fitness.htm

What are the physical fitness activities/tests

Endurance Run/Walk
This activity measures heart/lung endurance.

Curl ups
This activity measures abdominal strength and endurance.

Shuttle Run
This activity measures speed and agility.
Pull ups
This activity measures upper body strength and endurance.
Sit and Reach
This activity measures flexibility of the lower back and hamstrings.

importance/benefits of physical fitness

Healthy growth and development.

Building strong hearts, muscles and bones.

Acquisition of fundamental motor skills.

Improved movement, balance, coordination and reaction time.

Increased mental awareness.

Improved social skills, self esteem and confidence.

Healthy weight management.

Prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Prevention of Type II diabetes.

Prevention of some forms of cancer.

Jade Raphael R. Cabacungan


1MT-R