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# Mathematics

## REFRESHER & COACHING | OCTOBER 13, 2012

1. A statement of truth which is admitted
without proof.
*Axiom
2. Refers to the construction of drawing of
lines and figures the possibility of which is
*Postulate
3. If A = B and B=A,
*Substitution Law
4. The axiom which relates addition and
multiplication is
*Distributive Law
5. An equation which is satisfied by all
values of the variable for which the
members of the equation is defined
*Rational Equation
6. An equation in which some or all of the
known quantities are represented by
letters
*Literal Equation
7. Any equation which, because of some
mathematical process, has acquired an
extra root
*Redundant Equation
8. Any equation which, because of some
mathematical process, has fewer roots
than its original
*Defective Equation
9. An algebraic expression which can be
represented as a quotient of two
polynomials
*Rational Algebraic Equation
10. A statement containing one or more
variables and having the property that it
becomes either true or false when the
variables are given specific values from
their domains
*Open sentence
11. An equation in which all terms are of
the same degree

*Homogenous
12. The numbers which are represented
with letters
*Literal numbers
13. Consists of products and quotients of
ordinary numbers and letters which
represent numbers
*Term
14. The degree of polynomial or equation
is the
*Maximum sum of exponents
15. Any fraction which contains one or
more fractions in either numerator or
denominator, or both
*Complex fraction
16. A common fraction with unity for
numerator and a positive integer as
denominator
*Unit fraction
17. Considered as the counting
numbers
*Natural numbers
18. A number represented by a nonterminating non-repeating decimal
*Irrational number
19. A number containing a nonterminating but repeating decimal is
*Rational number
20. A number which can be expressed as
a quotient of two integers, division of zero
excluded
*Rational number
21. Two natural numbers a and b are
_______ if their greatest common divisor is
1
*Relatively prime
22. Numbers used to count the objects or
ideas in a given collection
*Cardinal number

Mathematics
REFRESHER & COACHING | OCTOBER 13, 2012
*Antecedent
23. Numbers which is used to state the
position or individual objects in a
sequence
*Ordinal numbers
24. An integer number that is equal to the
sum of all its possible divisors except the
number itself
*Perfect number
25. An integer, the sum of all its possible
divisors except the number itself is
greater than the integer
*Abundant number
26. An integer, the sum of all its possible
divisors except the number itself is less
than the integer
*Defective number
27. Smallest possible perfect number
*6
28. Two integer numbers are said to be
____ if each is the sum of all the possible
divisors of the other
*Amicable numbers
29. Other term for amicable number
*Friendly number
30. What is the smallest pair of friendly
numbers?
*220 and 284
31. Prime numbers that appear in pair
and differ by 2 are
*Twin primes
32. The term ratio comes from the Latin
verb ratus meaning
*To estimate
33. First and fourth terms in a ratio
proportion
*Extremes
34. The first term of a ratio

## 35. The ________ is the square root of the

product of the extremes
*Mean proportional
36. Each subsequent number is the sum
of the previous two (0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8)
*Fibonacci number (Fibonacci
sequence)
37. A statement that one mathematical
expression is greater than or less than
another is called
*Inequality
38. If an inequality is true for all values of
the variable, it is a/an
*Absolute inequality
39. If the same number is added to both
sides of an inequality, the inequality
*Is preserved
40. An inequality is preserved if both
sides are multiplied by
*A positive number
41. An inequality is reversed if both sides
are multiplied by
*A negative number
42. Division of a population of same into
two groups based either on measurable
variables or on attributes
*Dichotomy
43. A 3 x 2 matrix can be multiplied to a
*2 x 5 matrix
44. If there are as many equations as
unknowns, the matrix of the coefficient is
*A square matrix
45. A method of solving linear equation
with several unknowns simultaneously
using determinants
*Cramers rule

Mathematics
REFRESHER & COACHING | OCTOBER 13, 2012
46. Using Cramers rule, the determinant
of the coefficient is always the
*Denominator of a quotient
47. An array of m X n quantities which
represent a single number and is
composed of elements in rows and
columns
*Matrix

## 57. In the quadratic equation

Ax2+Bx+C=0, when the two roots are
*-B/A
58. Discriminant
*B2-4AC

## 48. In any square matrix, when the

elements of any two rows are exactly the
same, the determinant is
*Zero
49. When the corresponding elements of
two rows of a determinant are
proportional, then the value of the
determinant is
*Zero
50. An irrational number which is a root of
a positive integer or fraction
*Surd

## 59. Determines the nature of the roots of

*Discriminant
60. For a cubic equation, if the
discriminant is zero
*3 real roots, 2 are equal
61. A progression whose reciprocal forms
an arithmetic progression
*Harmonic progression
62. The numbers between two geometric
terms
*Geometric means
63. The sum of the terms of an arithmetic
progression
*Arithmetic series

*surd

## 64. The geometric mean of A and B

*Square root of AB

## 52. A radical expressing an irrational

number
*Surd
53. To eliminate a surd, multiply it by its
*Conjugate
54. A surd that contains no rational
number that is all its factors or terms are
surds
*Pure surd
55. The process of removing surd from a
denominator is to
*Rationalize the denominator
2

## 56. A quadratic equation of the form ax

+ c = 0, without the coefficient of the first
degree term is

## 65. The arithmetic mean of A and B

*(A+B)/2
66. Numbers which can be drawn as dots
and arranged in triangular shape
*Triangular numbers
67. A sequence 1, 5, 12, 22, 35.
*Pentagonal numbers
68. A sequence 1, 4, 10, 20, 35, 56
*Tetrahedral numbers
*0
70. Multiplicative identity element
*1
71. The additive inverse of a complex number a + bi
*-a bi

Mathematics
REFRESHER & COACHING | OCTOBER 13, 2012
72. All real numbers have additive inverse,
commonly called
*Opposites

## however proved wring. What do you call the

numbers obtained using the said formula?
*Fermats number

## 73. All real numbers except zero have multiplicative

inverses, commonly called
*Reciprocals

## 87. The number = 3.141592653 If only four

decimals are required, it becomes 3.1415. This
process is called
*Truncation

## 74. What is the multiplicative inverse of a + bi?

* a/(a2 + b2) bi/(a2 + b2)
75. The coefficient of the second term of the
expansion of (x + y)n is always equal to
*n
76. How is the number in the Pascals triangle
obtained?
* By getting the sum of the two numbers
directly above it
77. The most significant digit of the number 0.2015
*2
78. Extraction of roots
*Evolution
79. The operation of raising to the integral power is
*Involution
80. A relation in which every ordered pair (x, y) has
one and only one value of y that corresponds to the
value of x is called
*Function
81. Any number divided by infinity equal
*Zero
82. The study of the properties of the positive
integers
*Number theory
83. A number which cannot be a root of an integral
rational equation
*Transcendental number
84. The factorial symbol was introduced in 1808 by
*Christian Kramp
85. The conjecture that every number except 2
equals the sum of two prime numbers
*Gold Bach conjecture
86. It was conjectured that the number in the form,
Fn = 22^n + 1 will always result to a prime number,

## 88. Refers exclusively to equation with integer

solutions
*Diophantine equation
89. LHopitals rule was named after
* Guillaume de l'Hpital
90. Discovered LHopitals rule
*Johann Bernoulli
91. My Dear Aunty Sally is the basic rule used in
operation of algebra. Which is used in determining
the signs of trigonometric functions in all quadrants?
*All Students Take Chemistry
92. QED is often written at the end of a proof to
indicate that its conclusion has been reached. This
means
*Quod erat demonstrandum
93. The process of reasoning wherein a final
conclusion is obtained by experimental method
*Mathematical deduction
94. Refers to the product of the several prime
numbers occurring in the denominators, each taken
with its greatest multiplicity
*Least common denominator (LCD)
95. Venn Diagram
*John Venn
96. The symbol of equality was introduced in 1557
by
*Robert Recorde
97. (A + B) + C = A + (B + C)
*Associative law
98. Calculus
*Newton and Leibniz
99. a + bcos(theta)
*Limacon
100. 10100

Mathematics
REFRESHER & COACHING | OCTOBER 13, 2012
101. One, followed by writing zeroes until you get
tired
102. Who coined the term googol?
*Milton Sirotta (Edward Kasners 9y.o.
nephew)

## 112. Prism is distinguished by its

*Bases
113. Maximum angle of a solid angle
*4pi
114. Measurement of solid angles

*Dodecagon

## 115. At maximum point,

*y is zero, y is negative

*Chiliagon

## 116. At minimum point,

*y is zero, y is positive

*Square

point
*Orthocenter

## 106. Face of dodecagon

*Pentagon
107. A graphical representation of the distribution of
*Histogram
108. First introduced histogram
*Karl Pearson
109. Statistics; set of frequencies connected by dots
*Ogive
110. Part of a circle; two radii connected by an arc
*Sector
111. Portion of a solid cut by two parallel planes
*Frustum

## 118. A formula for computing the derivative of

the composition of two or more functions
*Chain rule
119. Introduced the infinity sign (Leminiscate) in
1655
*John Wallis
120. 3/cos(theta)
*Hyperbola
121. 4cos(theta)
*Circle
122. Cartesian coordinate system
*Rene Descartes