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Physics241Equations
Spring2008
Chapter1

AB=ABcos=AxBx+AyBy+AzBz
|AxB|=ABsin

Chapter2:
acceleration:
velocity:
Whentheaccelerationisconstant,thefollowingequationsof
motionapply:

Chapter3:
Centripetalacceleration:
Chapter4:
r
r
Newton'ssecondlaw: F ma ,
i.e.,Fx=max,Fy=mayandFz=maz
Themagnitudeoftheweightofabodywithmassmis:w=mg.
Chapter5:
Whenabodyisintranslationalequilibrium,
r
F 0 .
Therefore Fx 0 , Fy 0 ,and Fz 0 .
Theforceoffriction, Ffr whereisthecoefficientoffriction
andisthenormalreaction.
Chapter6:
TheworkdonebyaconstantforceFthroughadistanceofsis
givenby:W=Fscos
WhentheforceFisnotconstant,i.e.,variesduringthe
displacement,thework,
Thekineticenergyofaparticleisgivenby:K=mv2
WorkEnergytheorem:Wtot=K2K1=K

Chapter7:

Thegravitationalpotentialenergyofanobjectinthelaboratory
scaleofisgivenby:Ug=mg(y1y2)
Theelasticpotentialenergyofaspringisgivenby:Uel=kx2
wherekisthespringconstant.
Thetotalmechanicalenergyisconservediftherearenoother
forcesbutdescribedabove,gravityandelastic:K1+U1=K2+U2
Formotionalongastraightline,aconservativeforceFx(x)and
itsassociatedpotentialenergyU(x)arerelatedby:
IfRadiusisgivenuse2R
Chapter8
r
r
Linearmomentum p mv.
r r
Theconservationofmomentumequation: pi pf .
Inanelasticcollision,kineticenergyandmomentum
areconserved.Themagnitudesoftherelative
velocitiesbeforeandafterthecollisionareequal,i.e.,
vB2 vA2 vB1 vA1

Centerofmass:
Chapter9
Themomentofinertiaofapointmassis:I=mr2
Forasolidcylinder(disc):I=mR2
Angularmomentum:L=ILandarevectors
Rotationalkineticenergy,Krot=I2,
whereIisthemomentofinertia.
v

Angularvelocity,

d
dt

2
r
r d

Angularacceleration:
dt

Inrotationalmotionwithconstantangular
acceleration,

x A cos(t )
v A sin(t )
a A 2 cos(t )
xmax A
v max A

amax A 2
,ifisconstant

Tangentialvelocity, v tan R
Tangentialacceleration: a tan R
UNITS of angular quantities:
rad (degrees), rev, turns
rad/s, rev/sec, rev/min (=rpm),
turns/sec
2

rad/s
Chapter10

Torque, r F

Forarollingrigidbody,thetotalkineticenergy,
1
1
K mv 2 I 2
2

Theangularmomentum:L=ILandarevectors.
Theconservationofangularmomentumgives:Li=Lf.

Chapter11

Twoconditionsofequilibrium

1) F 0

2) 0

Chapter12

Newton'slawofgravitation: .
G=6.67x1011Nm2/kg2.
Thegravitationalpotentialenergyforlargedistances,
Uisgivenby
Satellitemotion: v

2
2

Gm
r

1
2
m

2
f

k
Mechanical Energy:
1
1
spring : E mv 2 kx 2 const .
2
2
Pendulum:
g

L
L
g

smax A
v max A whereAisalongarclength
amax A 2
Angleinradians:

k
x wherekisspringconstant,mis
m

themass,xisthedisplacement
Solution:

,wheresisthearclength

subtendedbytheangle,Listhelengthofpendulum.

Chapter14

Densityismassperunitvolume .
Pressure: p

dF
dA

Pressureofthefluidofuniformdensity: p p 0 gh
wherehisthedepthbelowthesurface.
Buoyancyforce, where isthedensityandVdisthe
volumeofthedisplacedfluid.ThevolumeVdisequalto
thevolumeofsubmergedobject.

Chapter17,18

Temperaturescales

Chapters 13
SimpleHarmonicMotion,SHM
Equation: a

k
m

T 2

r
rF sin

I Newtonssecondlawforrotation

cm

k
m

PV=NkT
mi<v>2=3/2kT
Constants:

3
G=6.67x1011Nm2/kg2
FortheEarth:Mass=5.97x1024kg,
Radius=6380km
1atm=1.013x105N/m2
1cal=4.190J
k=1.38065031023m2kgs2K1

Forwater,Lf=3.34x105J/kg,Lv=2.26x106J/kg.
Specificheat:1cal/(g*K)or4190J/(kg*K)
MomentsofInertiaforVariousBodies
Slenderrod,axisthroughcenter
Slenderrod,axisthroughoneend
Solidcylinderordisk
Thinwalledhollowcylinder(ring)
MR2
Solidsphere
Thinwalledhollowsphere(sphericalshell)