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Q1

VJC/2012Prelim/I/12

RVHS/2012Prelim/I/1

Q2

Let f ( z ) z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 az b

Consider z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 az b 0 (1)

Sub z 1 2i into(1),usingGC

( 7 22 42 a b) ( 24 4 56 2a )i 0

( 27 a b) (36 2a )i 0 0i

Comparingtherealandimaginarycoefficients

27 a b 0 ----(2)

----(3)

36 2a 0

Solving(2)and(3),

a 18 and b 45

Therefore f ( z ) z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 18 z 45

UsingGCtosolve f ( z ) z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 18 z 45 0 ,

z 1 2i , z 1 2i , z 3i , z 3i

z 4 2iz 3 14 z 2 18iz 45 0

iz 1 2i , iz 1 2i , iz 3i , iz 3i

z i 2 , z i 2 , z 3 , z 3

Alternatively,sinceallthecoefficientsofthepolynomial f ( z ) arereal

z 1 2i and z 1 2i arerootsof f ( z ) 0

Let z 2 qz r betheotherquadraticfactorof f ( z ) .

z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 az b z 2 2 z 5 z 2 qz r

Comparingcoefficientof z 3 : 2 q 2 q 0

Comparingcoefficientof z 2 : 14 r 5 r 9

Therefore f ( z ) z 2 2 z 5 z 2 9

f ( z ) z 4 2 z 3 14 z 2 18 z 45

a 18 and b 45

f ( z ) 0 z 1 2i , z 1 2i , z 3i , z 3i

Q3 TJC/2012Prelim/I/2

Since 2 isarootoftheequation,

2 2 1 2i 2 a bi 2 2 2i 0

3

16 4 8i 2a 2bi 2 2i 0

10 6i 2a 2bi

by comparing coeff., a 5, b 3

Let z bethethirdroot.

2 z 3 1 2i z 2 5 3i z 2 2i 2 z z 2 z 1 i

Bycomparingconstantterm,wehave

2 2 1 i 2 2i

2 2 1 i 2 2i

1

2

Q4

SAJC/2012Prelim/I/4

(i) | iz 3 | 3

3

| i || z | 3

i

| z 3i | 3

arg z 3

i 4

arg( z (3 3i ))

arg( z ( 3 3i ))

(ii)

(a)

Min |z - (3+3i)|=PT

PT

sin PT 3 2

6

4

Max possible |z - (3+3i)|=QT = 6 units, but Q is not to be included.

Therefore 3 2 | z 3 3i | 6 since Q is not included. (Ans)

(b)

Max arg( z (3 3i )) occurs at point Q (not included) and min arg( z (3 3i )) occurs at

point P.

3

arg( z (3 3i )) (Ans)

4

Q5

(i)

(ii)

MJC/2012Prelim/I/4

Im

4

O

A(2, 0)

Im

8

4

O

A(2, 0)

(2, 4)

sin

4 1

8 2

smallestvalueof arg z 2 4i

(iii) Method1:

2

2

AP= 4 4 4 4

2 1

2 6 3

Re

Re

w 2 4

2 4

2 1 cos 4 2 1 sin i

4

4

1

1

2 1

4 2 1

i

2

2

2 1 2 2 2 2 i

Method2:

Equationofcircle: x 2 y 4 16 (1)

2

x 2 y x 2, x 2 (2)

4

Equationofhalfline: y 0 tan

Sub(2)into(1):

x 2 x 2

2

x 2 8

x 2 2 2

2

x 22 2

y 42 2

16

or

x 2 2 2 rej. x 0

w 2 1 2 2 2 2 i

Method3:

PN 4 cos 2 2

4

CN 4sin 2 2

4

x 22 2

y 42 2

w 2 1 2 2 2 2 i

Q6

AJC/2012Prelim/I/11

.

4

c 2ia a ia ia a OC OB AB OB BC

AnglethatlocusofZmakeswiththerealaxis=

Geometricalrelationship:ACisthediameterofthecirclewithcentreB.

[OrA,B,Carecollinear;OrBisthemidptofAandC]

(i)

2

2 ACD

(ii) ABD cos

2 3

6

AcuteangleCAmakeswiththerealaxis=

2 4

4

1

6 4

12

Q7 TPJC/2012Prelim/II/3

3(a)

i

4

z 3 i 2e 6

1

1

i 2 k

4

z 24 e 6

1

4

z2 e

23

i

24

for k 2, 1, 0, 1

1

4

, 2 e

11

i

24

1

4

, 2 e

i

24

1

4

, 2 e

13

i

24

(b)(i)

z ei cos i sin

z

(ii)

ByDeMoivresTheorem

n

1

n

cos i sin cos( n) i sin( n) cos n i sin n

n

z

1

z n n cos n i sin n cos n i sin n 2 cos n

z

1

3 1 3 1

1

3

z z 3z 3 z 3 3 z

z

z z

z

z

2cos

2 cos 3 6 cos

1

3

cos3 cos 3 cos

4

4

1

3

p

and q

4

4

1

2

2 3 22

Q8 SRJC/2012Prelim/II/4

A quadratic factor is a product of two linear factors

i

i

= (z r e )( z r e )

i

= z2 zr ( e + e ) + r2

= z2 zr (2 cos ) + r2

= z2 2rz cos + r2

(ii) z 243

z 5 243e i , k = 0, 1 , 2

5

z = 3e

2 k

5

)i

, k = 0, 1 , 2

z 3 , 3 e

i

5

, 3e

3

i

5

5

(iii) z 243

3

i

5

i

5

3

i

5

3

= (z + 3)(z2 6z cos + 9)(z2 6z cos + 9)

5

5

5

Im

-3

Re

3

-3

G1 Roots are located corrected and are equally far from the origin (3 units)

G1 Adjacent roots are equally spaced out

Area of the pentagon

1

2

5 (3)2 sin

5

2

(v) z1 3e

i( )

5

i(

( z1 ) n 3n e 5

For (z1)n to be purely imaginary,

n

where k

k

5

2

5

n +5k where k

2

Q9

SRJC/2014Prelim/II/4

2

(a) z 3 z 3

arg iz

arg i arg( z )

4 2

3

4

wz 2 3

arg( z )

w z 2 3

w 2

z2 5

arg

w 6

5

2 arg( z ) arg( w)

6

3 5

arg( w) 2

4 6

2

3

2

2

w 2 cos

i sin

3

3

1 3i

(b) z4 = 81 = 81ei = 81ei ( 2 n )

1

4

z 81 e

3e

n

i

4 2

, n 0, 1, 2

n

i

4 2

(i)z4+81

=(z 3e 4 )(z 3e

i

4

)(z 3e 4 )(z 3e

3

2

2

+3 )(z 6zcos

4

4

=(z26zcos

3

i

4 )

2

+3 )

= (z2 3 2 z + 9)(z2 + 3 2 z + 9)

(ii)Given z z3 z z2 (1)

Forz=0+0i,wehave 0 z3 z3 3

Forz=0+0i,wehave 0 z2 z2 3 0 z3

(0,0)isoneofthelocuspointsfor(1)

Hence,thelocus z z3 z z2 passesthroughtheorigin.

(iii) w3 is obtained from z3 by rotating radian about origin and a scaling by a scale

factor of half in the direction of OZ1.

1

3

So required area 6 3 6

2

2

9

units2

2

Q10

(i)

MJC/2012Prelim/I/11

z 5 32

32ei 2 k

1

z 32 5 e

z 2e

(ii)

i2 k

5

4

i

5

, where k 2, 1, 0,1, 2

, 2e

2

i

5

, 2, 2e 5 , 2e 5

Im

Re z 1

2

i

5

z

2e

i

5

z2 2e

z5 2

Locusof

4

i

z 2

z3 2e 5

2

i

z4 2e 5

Thereare4pointswithintheregiongiven.

Re

(iii)

Locusof

z z1 z z2

4

i

5

z2 2e

4

i

z3 2e 5

Method1:

Sincetheargumentof z

Im

z1 2e

2

i

5

z5 2

2

Locusof

z 2

z4 2e

2

i

5

2

2 3

or

,

5

5

5

1 2

2 5

2

i

5

z 2e 5

or z 2e

0.62 1.90i

0.62 1.90i

Method2:

Equationofcirclecentred0+0iandradius2: x 2 y 2 2 2

Gradientoftheperpendicularbisector= tan

3

3.077683

5

EquationofperpendicularbisectorthatpassesthroughtheOrigin:

y 3.077683 x

x 2 3.077683x 4

2

x 2 0.381966

x 0.618034 or x 0.618034

y 1.9021127 or y 1.9021127

(iv)

Method1:

w 2

2 w 2 4 w 2 8 w 2 16 0

3

w 2 5

16 1

2 0

w2

1

2

Re

w2

1

0 ,w 4

2

w 2

25 32

w 2 2e

w 2 2e

4

i

5

4

i

5

, 2e

2

i

5

, 2e 5 , 2e 5

, 2 2e

2

i

5

i

2

, 2 2e 5 , 2 2e 5

Method2:

z 5 32 z 2 z 4 2 z 3 4 z 2 8 z 16

For w 2 2 w 2 4 w 2 8 w 2 16 0

4

w 2 2e

w 2 2e

4

i

5

4

i

5

, 2e

2

i

5

, 2e

, 2 2e

2

i

5

2

i

5

, 2e

4

i

5

, 2 2e

2

i

5

, 2 2e

4

i

5

p i

w 2 1 e 5 ,where p 4, 2, 2, 4

w 2e

2e

p i

10

p i

10

p i

p10 i

e 10

e

p

2 cos 10

p i

p 10

4 cos

e ,where p 4, 2, 2, 4

10

Q11

ACJC/2014Prelim/II/3

arg 5w2 2

Im(z

arg 5 2 arg w 2

arg w

Re(z)

(ii) p q

2

pq p q ei 2 p ei 2

Im(z)

When

2

2

, pq p cos i sin p i

4

2

2

Re(z)

Im(z)

z 3 3i 2

3,3

z (3 3i) 2 .

The locus is a circle centre at 3,3 , radius

2.

Re(z)

2

z 2 ipq z (2 ipq) z (2 p )

Therefore minimum z 2 ipq 3 2

Q12

(a)

JJC/2014Prelim/I/11

z 1 i t

1 i

1

t

1

t

t t i

1

t

Let x t (1)

1

t

y t (2)

(1)+(2): x y 2t

(1) (2): x y

x y

x y

2

x 2 y 2 4

(b)

Im

5a

3a

Re

If arg p arg q ,

p

arg arg p arg q POQ

q

2 tan 1

2a

3a

2 tan 1

2

or 1.18rad

3

p q 2 3a 6 a

1

4boysand3girls

(a)

(i)

_B_B_B_B_4!5P3=2460=1440

Or

GBBBBGGtypeso4!4!=576

(ii)

Case(i):3boysand3girls

(b)

4!(5C33!)=2460=1440

G

B B

G

G B

=426=48

C3(31)!3!

Case(ii):4boysand2girls

G

B B

B

G B

(41)!3C24P2

=6312=216

Or

(41)!3C24C22!=216

Totalnumberofarrangements=48+216=264

2

PPEEECRTIV

6! 7 6 5 4

50400

3! 2!

i)

numberofways=

ii)

P__P______

Case 1: 2 E

7! 5040

Case2:1E

C 2! 2!7! 25200

5

Total=30240

3(a)

8!

10080

(i) Number of ways

2!

2!

8 letters

2 N's 2 A's

(ii)

number of ways that each pair is together

8!

6! 9360

2!2!

(iii)

5

4! 4!

4 720

Number of ways

2!2!

(b)

4 3 4 4

(i) Number of ways 432

3 2 2 2

(ii)

Case 1: 3 trumpet players, 3 saxophone players

4 4 7

Number of ways 560

3 3 3

Case 2: 3 trumpet players, 4 saxophone players

4 4 7

Number of ways 84

3 4 2

Case 3: 4 trumpet players, 3 saxophone players

4 4 7

Number of ways 84

4 3 2

Case 4: 4 trumpet players, 4 saxophone players

4 4 7

Number of ways 7

4 4 1

Total number of ways = 560 + 84 + 84 + 7 = 735

4

= number of ways without restriction number of ways if none of the sisters is included

= 11C6 8C6 434

Or 3C1 8C5 3C2 8C4 3C3 8C3 434

(iii) Select a man to be between the 2 sisters and group the 3 of them as one unit and

arrange 4 units round a table

3

C1 3! 2 36

(iv)First arrange the other 4 persons round the table. There are 4 ways to insert the sisters.

3! 4 24

or 4C2 2! 2! 24

Three cases:

Case 1: All three balls distinct (ABC)

n(ABC) = 6C3 (6 types of balls available)

Case 2: two identical (AAB)

n(AAB) = 2C 1 5C1 .(2 types of balls available to choose the 2 identical balls from,

then 5 types of balls available remaining to choose the last ball)

Case 3: three identical (AAA).

n(AAA) = 1

n(Total) = n(ABC) + n(AAB) + n(AAA) = 20+10+1=31

6(a)

(b)

(i)

9! cases where the two cars are taking the side with 4 lots

cases where the two cars are taking the side with 5 lots

9! 7C2 3!2!5! 7C3 4!2!4!

= 292320

(ii)

4C2 (2!)(7!) = 60480

5 1! 5 P2 480

(ii) Group Mary and the 2 men as one unit, number of ways 5 1 ! 2 48

(iii) Group 3 empty seats as one unit, number of ways 8 1 ! 5040

(iv) Number of ways 7! or 7 P3 4 P2 2 P2 7! 5040

(a)

Number of arrangements = 7! 8C3 3! 1693440 ways

Alternatively,

Number of arrangements = No. of arrangements without restrictions

No. of arrangements with all three men seated together

No. of arrangements with two of the three men seated

together

= 10! 8! 3! 7! 8C2 2! 3C2 2!

= 1693440 ways

(b)(i)

5

Number of arrangements = 4! 2! 768 ways

(b)(ii)

Number of arrangements = 9! 5! 5! 348480 ways

9(i)

(ii)

There are 3 ways of assigning a car to A, 2 ways to B, followed by slotting the remaining

people 7 people into the 3 cars.

Alternative Solution

When A and B are in the same car, number of ways

= 3 7C1 6C3 3C3 = 420

(There are 3 ways of assigning a car to both A and B, followed by slotting the remaining 7

people into the 3 cars)

= 1680 420 1260

(iii)

Alternative Solution

Number of ways = 9! 10 P2 32659200

(Arrange the remaining 10 people first, then look for separated slots to accommodate A and

B)

(iv)

= 10!

Number of ways when there is 1 person between A and B (B on As left) = 10C1 9!

Number of ways when there are 2 people between A and B (B on As left) = 10C2 2! 8!

number of ways

= 11! 10! 10C1 9! 10C2 2! 8! 29030400

Alternative Solution

Number of ways = 9! 10C1 8C1 = 29030400

(Arrange the remaining 10 people first, then choose 1 slot to accommodate A or B, followed

by choosing one slot to accommodate the last person, with at least 3 people between A

and B)

1(i)

1(ii)

1

2

P( A B' ) 1

P ( B ')

2

1

11 1

P ( A B ' ) 1 P B

2

2 4 8

A

'

P(A B) = P(A) - P ( A B )

AB

3 1

=

5 8

19

=

(ans)

40

P( A ' B)

P( B) P( A B)

(ii) P(A | A B)

=

P( A B) P( A) P( B) P( A B)

A

B

3 19

4

40

3 3 19

AB

5 4 40

11

35

P( A | B ) =

P(A C) = P(A) . P(C )

=

2 1

5 2

1

5

1

1

P(A C) = P(A B C )

5

5

B

C

A

Since P(A B ) = 1/8

1 1

3

- =

5 8 40

3

1

P(A B C )

40

5

P(A B C )

Alternative method:

P( A B C ) 1

P( A B ) P( A ' C ) P( A ' B C ) 1

7 1

P( A ' B C ) 1

8 5

3

P( A ' B C )

40

2(i)

(ii)

3(i)

Let A and B be the event that a student takes Math A and Math B respectively.

Let F be the event that a student failed the paper that he/she sat for.

F

A

F

B

0.4

F

F

P(F ) =

0.3 p

100 p 40 0.1 p

0.4

100

100

100

P(F ') = 1

40 0.1 p 60 0.1 p

100

100

= P(one failed and one passed )

40 0.1 p 60 0.1 p

2C1

100 100

2

2400 4 p 6 p 0.01 p 2

10000

0.0002(2400 2 p 0.01 p 2 ) (shown)

(ii)

=

P(one takes Math A and failed and the other takes Math A and passed )

P(exactly one out of 2 failed)

0.3 p 0.7 p

C1

100 100

0.0002(2400 2 p 0.01 p 2 )

2

0.21 p 2

7

2

2400 2 p 0.01 p

48

Hence,

10.15 p 2 14 p 16800 0

1200

p 40 or

(n.a since p 0)

29

2014/VJC/II/Q6 (Question 4)

4. Let B and C denote the events in which a Beef and a Chicken

Combo Meals are chosen respectively.

0.6

0.4

0.7

0.6

B

0.4

0.8

0.3

0.6

0.7

0.2

0.4

0.3

0.7

C

B

0.3

4(ii) P(BCC) + P(CBC) +P(CCB)

= (0.8)(0.4)(0.3) + (0.2)(0.7)(0.4) + (0.2)(0.3)(0.7)

= 0.194

4(iii) P(Beef meal chosen in 2nd visit|2 Chicken meals)

P(CBC)

(0.2)(0.7)(0.4)

0.194

0.289

on each visit is not a constant.

Alternative Solution

It is not possible to use a binomial distribution because the events that

Mr Ong buys a beef combo meal on the 5 visits are not independent of

one another.

DHS/II/Q11

5(a)

(i)

5(a)

(ii)

11

1

P Abbey is first and Betty is sixth in the queue =

8 7 56

6!

1

Or

=

8! 56

1 6 5 4 3 1 1

Or =

8 7 6 5 4 3 56

Required probability

=P(Abbey is first) + P(Betty is second) P(Abbey is first and Betty second)

1 7 1 1 1

7! 7! 6!

= + or

+

8 8 7 8 7

8! 8! 8!

5(b)

(i)

5

(b)

(ii)

13

56

Alternatively,

Required probability

= P(Abbey is first but Betty is not second) + P(Abbey is not first but Betty is

second) + P(Abbey is first and Betty second)

6 6! 6 6! 6! 13

8!

8!

8! 56

Let A, B & C be the events a drawer containing:

2 gold coins;

1 gold coin and 1 silver coin; and

2 silver coins is selected, respectively.

Let G & S be the events:

a gold coin is selected; and

a silver coin is selected, respectively.

1

P( A) P( B ) P(C )

3

1 1 1 1

1 1

and P( S ) 1 P(G ) 1

P(G )

3 3 2 2

2 2

P(Drawer containing 2 gold coins is selected given that the coin selected is

gold)

=P( A | G)

P( A G )

P(G )

1

2

3

1

3

2

P(a gold coin is selected, followed by a silver coin)

=P( A G ).P( S |{ A G}) P( B G ).P( S |{B G})

1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2

3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 3 2

11 1 2

3 2 6 3

5

18

HCI/II/Q8

6(i)

P( A B )

P( A B )

P( B)

P(2 Curry,1Spicy,1others) P(3Curry,1Spicy)

=

P(exactly 1 Spicy )

10 9 10 60 4! 10 9 8 10 4!

141

80 79 78 77 2! 80 79 78 77 3!

or

10 70 69 68

2737

4

80 79 78 77

0.0515162587 0.0515 (3 s.f.)

OR

P( A B )

P( B)

10

10

( C2 C1 60C1 ) ( 10C3 10C1 )

80

141

C4

or 0.0515162587 0.0515 (3 s.f.)

10

70

2737

C1 C3

80

C4

P( A B )

(ii)

P( A)

1 P(0 curry) P(1 curry)

70 69 68 67 10 70 69 68

1 4

80 79 78 77 80 79 78 77

70 10 70

or 1 4 1 3

80

80

4

4

Or

P( A)

P(2 curry) P(3 curry) P(4 curry)

10 9 70 69 4! 10 9 8 70 4!

80 79 78 77 2!2! 80 79 78 77 3!

10 9 8 7

80 79 78 77

10 70 10 70 10

or 2 2 3 1 4

80

80

80

4

4

4

Method 1:

Show P( A B ) P( A) . Hence A and B are not independent, and A ' and B '

are not independent.

Since 0.0515 P( A B ) P( A) 0.0742 ,

A and B are not independent.

Hence A ' and B ' are not independent.

Method 2:

Show P( A B ) P( A) P( B ) . Hence A and B are not independent, and A '

and B ' are not independent.

From (i), P( A B )

10 9 10 60 4! 10 9 8 10 4!

80 79 78 77 2! 80 79 78 77 3!

or

80

C4

10 70 69 68

4

80 79 78 77

10

C1 70C3

or

80

C4

P( B )

Since 0.0178 P( A B ) P( A) P( B ) 0.0257 ,

A and B are not independent.

Hence A ' and B ' are not independent.

P( B ' A ') P( B ')

NJC/II/Q8

7

2nd CCA

Sports

1p

0.45

0.40

No 2nd CCA

0.25

2nd CCA

0.75

No 2nd CCA

0.50

2nd CCA

0.50

No 2nd CCA

Music &

Dance

0.15

Clubs &

Societies

7(i)

7(ii)

40 1 15 1

45

=

p

100 4 100 2

100

9p 1 3 9p 7

=

20 10 40 20 40

9 p 7 13

20 40 40

1

p

3

7(iii)

7(iv)

P first CCA Clubs and Societies and no second CCA

=

P no second CCA

15 1

3

100 2 40 1

=

13

27 9

1

40

40

P A B P A P B P A B

2

40 1 15 1

40 15 13

2

2

100 100 40

100 4 100 2

3 169

3

25 1600 200

337

1600

NYJC/II/Q8

8

(i) P(first red bead is obtained on or before the 5th draw)

2

2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2

. or

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

= 0.922

3 2

r 0 5 5

4

3

Or 1 P(no red on first 5 draws) = 1 0.922

5

th

(ii) P(obtaining a first green bead on the 8 draw given that no green bead has been

obtained after 5 draws) = P(red on 6th and 7th draws and green on 8th draw)=

2

2 3

= 0.096

5 5

(iii) P(exactly r draws are required for beads of both colours to be obtained)

2

=

5

2

=

5

r 1

r 2

3 3

5 5

r 1

6 3

25 5

2

5

r 2

6

25

r 2

r 2

6 2

3

= , where r = 2,3,4,

25 5

5

(iv)

3

3

4

4

6 2 3 2 3

...

25 5 5 5 5

Or

3 3

2 3

6 5 5

2

25 1 5 1 53

0.155

P(first obtaining beads of different colours after 5 or more draws)

= P(obtaining same colour in the first 4 draws)

= P(first 4 red beads) + P(first 4 green beads)

4

2 3

= = 0.155

5 5

RI/II/Q10

9i

P(A B) P(rise, rise, fall) + P(rise, fall,fall)

(0.1 0.7 0.3) (0.1 0.3 0.9)

0.048

9ii

P(B)

P(A B) P(A ' B)

0.048 P(fall, fall, fall) + P(fall, rise, fall)

0.048 (0.9 0.9 0.9) (0.9 0.1 0.3) 0.804

9iii

1 [0.1 0.048] 0.948

9iv

P( B A )

P(A B) 0.048

P(A)

0.1

0.48

Since [P(B) = 0.804] [ P( B A )= 0.48] A and B are not independent.

RVHS/II/Q10

10a

10b

Bi

Bii

P( A | B ') 0.15

P( A B ')

0.15

P( B ')

P( A B ) P( B )

0.15

1 P( B )

P( A B ) 0.4

0.15

1 0.4

P( A B ) 0.49

2 1 1

(Shown)

P(wins grand prize in 2nd round)

6 5 15

P(correct key in 1st round and wins grand prize)

= P(1st correct, 2nd correct) +

P(1st correct, 2nd wrong, 3rd correct)

2 1 2 4 1 2

6 5 6 5 4 15

P(correct key selected in first round | wins grand prize)

P(wins grand prize)

2

15

2

1

2

4

1 4 2 1

6 5 6 5 4 6 5 4

2

15

3

15

2

1(i)

The average number of H1 buses arriving in any 10-minute period is constant at 1

and the average number of H2 buses arriving in any 12-minute period is constant at

1.

(ii)

(a)

(ii)

(a)

(ii)

(b)

(iii)

(iv)

Let X be the random variable number of buses from bus service H1 in 10 minutes

X ~ Po 1

Let Y be the r.v number of buses from bus service H2 in 10 minutes

1

Y ~ Po 10

12

Required probability = P X 0 P Y 0

= (0.36787944)(0.4345982)= 0.15987975

= 0.15988 (shown)

1

OR

X Y ~ Po 1 10

12

11

X Y ~ Po

6

Required probability = P X Y 0

= 0.15987975 = 0.15988 (shown)

Required probability = P X 3 | X Y 3

P X 3 P Y 0

=

P X Y 3

0.061313 0.434598

=

P 0.164197

= 0.162284 = 0.162 (to 3 s.f)

Let A be the random variable number of 10-minute intervals with at least one

bus service at the main entrance boarding point, out of 24 10-minute

intervals.

A ~ B 24 , 1 0.15987975

A ~ B 24 , 0.8401202539

P A 19.2 = P A 20

= 1 P A 19

= 0.66403

= 0.664 (to 3 s.f)

Let T be the random variable total number of buses from both bus services in t

hours

2.2 60

T ~ Po

t T ~ Po 11 t

12

P T 10 0.8

1 P T 9 0.8

P T 9 0.2 0

Solve using GC,

y P T 9 0.2

q = 68.284106 minutes

t = 1.13807 hrs

= 1.14 hrs (to 2 d.p)

OR Let T be the r.v total number of buses from both bus services in q min

2.2

11

T ~ Po

q T ~ Po q

12

60

P T 10 0.8

1 P T 9 0.8

y

y P T 9 0.2

P T 9 0.2 0

Solve using GC,

O

q = 68.284106 minutes

t = 1.1381 hrs

= 1.14 hrs (to 2 d.p)

(v)

Let C be the random variable number of buses from bus service H1 in 240

minutes

1

C ~ Po 240 C ~ Po 24

10

Let D be the r.v number of buses from bus service H2 in 240 minutes

D ~ Po 20

Since 20 10 , D ~ N 20, 20 approx.

D C ~ N 4, 44 approx

Probability that there are more buses of bus service H2 than of bus service H1

between 9.30am to 1.30pm = P ( D C )

= P ( D C 0)

= P ( D C 0.5) (continuity correction)

= 0.2487588

= 0.249 (3 s.f)

2(i)

The event of obtaining a faulty item is independent of other event of obtaining a

faulty item.

(ii)

Let F be the random variable denoting the number of faulty items assembled out of

15 items.

F ~ B(15, 0.04)

P(2 F 7)

P(2 F 6)

P(F 6) P(F 1)

0.11911

0.119

(iii)

Let G be the random variable denoting the number of faulty items assembled out of

100 items.

G ~ B(100, 0.04)

n is large, np = 4 < 5,

G ~ Po(4) approximately

P(G ' 90) P(G 9)

= 0.99187 = 0.992

3

(i)

X ~ Po 5(1.8) X ~ Po 9

Use GC Poisson pdf to generate listing:

r

P X r

7

0.11712

8

9

0.13176

0.13176

10

0.11858

Recall fact: For Poisson distribution where is an integer, Mode = ( 1) and

(ii)

Let D denote the number of days out of 30, that there are exactly 3 Math

appointments a day.

D ~ B 30, 0.161

Find minimum n such that P( D n) 0.95

Use GC Binomcdf listing:

P( D 7) 0.903 0.95

P( D 8) 0.958 0.95

P( D 9) 0.984

least n 8

(iii)

The mean number of appointments may not be constant from day to day because

there may be more appointments near exam period and few or none during the

non-exam period.

Let M and S denote the number of Math & Science appointments respectively in 30 day period.

M ~ Po 30(1.8) M ~ Po 54

S ~ Po 30(2.2) S ~ Po 66

Since M 54 > 10 and S 66 > 10 , hence

M ~ N(54, 54) approx and S ~ N(66, 66) approx

Thus, S M ~ N(12, 120) approximately

P( S M 12)

= 0.482 (3 sf)

4 (i)

(ii)

X Po(3)

X 1 X 2 Po(6)

P( X 1 X 2 3) 0.0892 ( to 3 s.f. )

Let length of time = t hr

Let T be the number of emergency admissions in t hours.

3t

T Po

24

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

3t

P(T 0) e 24 0.2

3t

ln 0.2

24

t 8ln 0.2

13 hr

P( X 4) 1 P( X 4)

0.18474 0.185 ( to 3 s.f. )

Let Y be the number of days with at most 4 admissions out of 50 days.

Y B(50, 0.81526)

Since n 50 is large, np 40.763 5 , nq 9.237 5 ,

Y N(40.763, 7.5306) approximately

C.C.

P(Y 40)

Let W be the number of patients who require surgery out of 15.

W B(15, 0.4)

E(W ) 15(0.4) 6

Var(W ) 15(0.4)(1 0.4) 3.6

Let W be the mean number of patients who require surgery. Since n is large, so by

Central Limit Theorem,

3.6

W N(6,

) approximately.

50

P(W 5.5) 0.96880

0.969 ( to 3 s.f )

5 (a)

(i)

(a)

(ii)

P X 34 or 35 P X 34 P X 35

0.075128

0.0751 (to 3 s.f.)

P X 34 or 35 X E( X )

P X 34 or 35 X 64

8

P X 34 or 35

P X 40

0.075128

0.547067

0.13732

0.137 (to 3 s.f.)

(b)

np 40 5 and n 1 p 24 5 , X ~ N 40, 15 approximately.

P 30 X 45 P 30.5 X 45.5

(by continuity correction)

0.915 (correct to 3sf)

(i) (a) The probability of willing to take part is 0.3 remains constant for all patients

(b) All patients willing to take parts are independent

(ii) The patients may not be independent as the disease is genetic, may affect same

people from same family

iii

R ~ B(8, 0.3)

P(R 2) = 1 P(X 1) = 0.7447 0.745

iv

R ~ B(n, 0.3)

P(R 2 ) > 0.9

1 P(R 1) > 0.9

P(R 1) < 0.1

From GC:

n = 11, P(R 1) = 0.11299

n = 12, P(R 1) = 0.8503

n = 13, P(R 1) = 0.06367

So n = 12

7(i)

Let Y represent number of small air bubbles in a glass panel Y ~ Po 1.8

Since X and Y are independent, X Y ~ Po 2.0

P X Y 2 0.677 (3 s.f)

(ii)

P X 1 X Y 2

P X 1, Y 0,1 P X 2, Y 0

P X Y 2

0.67667

0.116 (3 s.f)

(iii)

Let S represent the number of glass panels out of 12 containing at most 2 air

bubbles.

S ~ B 12, 0.67667

P S 7 1 P S 6 0.842 (3 s.f)

(iv)

T ~ Po 24

P T 30

0.869 (3 s.f.)

8(i)

(ii)

Whether an egg is damaged or not is independent of that of any other egg.

p

X ~ B 30,

100

P X 1 0.87945

P X 0 P X 1 0.87945

30

29

p

p

p

1

30

1

0.87945

100

100 100

29

100 p 100 29 p 8.7945 1059

30

29

Using GC,

p 2.00

(iii)

P X 1 1 P X 1 1 0.87945 0.12055

Let Y be the number of trays with more than 1 damaged egg out of 40 trays

Y ~ B 40, 0.12055

Since n is large, np 40 0.12055 4.8218 5 ,

Y ~ Po 4.8218 approximately

P Y 4 1 P Y 4

1 P Y 3

0.70909

0.709

(iv)

A ~ B 100, 0.709

E A 100 0.709 70.9

Var A 100 0.709 1 0.709 20.6319

A A52

20.6319

~ N 70.9,

A 1

approximately

52

52

A ~ N 70.9, 0.39677

P A 71 0.563

9i

1) The typing errors on a randomly chosen page of a novel occur independently (or

randomly or singly)

2) The average number of typing errors on a page is constant.

Ii

iii

X~Po(0.4)

Required probability = 3 C1 P(X = 0)2 [1 P(X = 0)]

= 3(0.67032004)2(1 0.67032004)

= 0.444

Let W be the number of errors on n pages in a novel.

W~Po(0.4n)

P(W = 1) 0.1

e-0.4 n (0.4n) 0.1

From GC, 0.280 n 8.94

Therefore the largest n is 8

Iv

Let Y ~Po()

P(Y = 2) = 2P(Y = 3)

2

-l l 3

-l l

= 2 e

e

2!

3!

3

= .

2

3

Therefore E(Y) =

2

Let U and V be the number of errors on the first 100 pages of a novel and a Math

textbook respectively.

U~Po(40), V~Po(150)

Since both >10,

U~N(40, 40) approximately

V ~ N(150, 150) approximately

4UV ~ N(10, 790) approximately

P(V 4U)

= P(4UV 0)

c.c.

P(4UV< 0.5)

= 0.368

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