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Standard Technical Specifications for Electric Works

SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SAT) AFTER INSTALLATION


(SPECIFICATIONS)

TRANSFORMER / REACTORS / RESISTORS


AUXILIARY/DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
EPOXY-RESIN DRY TYPE

283724012.doc

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

ADDC/AADC STANDARD : 283724012.DOC

283724012.doc

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

CONTENTS
1

PHYSICAL SITE INSPECTION..................................................................................

2
2.1

SITE TESTS (MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS)...........................................................


Measurement of Winding Ratio on all tap positions (for OFF-LOAD and LOAD tap
changing transformer) by voltmeter method.....................................................................
Checking of Vector Group (the voltmeter method shall be applied).................................
Measurement of Winding Resistance at principal tapping and extreme position...............
Measurement of Winding Insulation Resistance (R15s, R60s, R180s, R600s). The
absorption ratio R60/R15 shall not exceed 3.0 (R10/R1 shall not exceed 1.1 according
to American Standards) after oil-treatment. Results shall be compared with factory
test results.........................................................................................................................
Measurement of the insulation resistances (R60) on auxiliary wiring at 1,000Vdc..........
Over-Voltage test at 1,000 VAC on control and supervisory equipment...........................
Measurement of Impedance (short-circuit voltage)...........................................................
Checking of Transformer Protection Schemes..................................................................
Measurement of Capacitance and Insulation power factor................................................

2.2
2.3
2.4

2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers
Epoxy-Resin Dry Type
1

PHYSICAL SITE INSPECTION


a. Check level and alignment of installed transformer;
b. Check tightness of connections and fastenings;
c. Check proper grounding;
d. Check wire and cable connections;
e. Check cable glands and entrance;.

SITE TESTS (MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS)

After the transformer has been installed, the following tests shall be executed as a minimum
requirement. The transformer shall be OUT of SERVICE:
2.1

Measurement of Winding Ratio on all tap positions (for OFF-LOAD and LOAD
tap changing transformer) by voltmeter method.

The test must be carried out by applying voltage (low voltage 380 Vac or 220 Vac) to
H.V. winding at rated frequency.

The test must be carried out by using two voltmeters, one to read voltage of H.V. winding
and the other to read L.V. winding.

The two voltmeters must be read at the same time.

The test must be carried out on all phases and for each position of the tap changer.

Example:

283724012.doc

OLTC
Position

Theoretical
Ratio K

Voltmeter
H.V., V1

Voltmeter L.V.,
V2

9.68

VAB= 376
VBC= 376
VCA= 376

Vab= 39.2
Vbc= 39.2
Vca= 39.2

Measured
Ratio
KM=V1/V2
9.592
(diff - 0.9%)

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

2.2

Checking of Vector Group (the voltmeter method shall be applied)

The test must be carried out in accordance with BS 171.

The test will be carried out by applying low voltage (415V or 240V) A.C.) three phases
clock wise on the primary side. H.V. side phase (A) must be connected with the L.V. side
phase (a). Check that the relation of the vector groups are satisfied by using one
voltmeter.

Different combinations of voltage between H.V. terminals must be measured.

Example:

According to BS 171 - Vector Diagram Table:


If

Bb = Cc
Bb < AB
Bb < Bc

for an Star / Delta connected transformer, the vector group must by YND1.

2.3

Measurement of Winding Resistance at principal tapping and extreme position


The tests have to be carried out in accordance with IEC 76.1.
In measuring the cold resistance for the purpose of temperature rise determination,
special effort shall be made to determine the average winding temperature accurately.

In all resistance measurements, all the precautions shall be taken in order to minimise the
effect of the self induction.

Record the resistance value, when the measuring current value become steady.

Use D.C. source and resistor to limit the current, within the range of 10 A. Use one
Voltmeter class +/- 0.1 %, shunt 15 A, 75 mV.

Calculate the resistance measured at the ambient temperature.

283724012.doc

REF = (VOLT)/2 * (AMP) (Resistance at ambient temperature)

REQ = REF * (234.5 + Tq) / 234.5 + Tf) (Resistance at reference temperature)

Tq = Reference temperature (750 C)

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

Tf = Test temperature (0 C)

Example:
Phase
1
2
3

2.4

Amb.Temp.
350 C
350 C
350 C

AMP
13
12.5
12.5

VOLT
1.883
1.909
1.869

REF ()
0.0724
0.0764
0.0748

REQ ()
0.0831
0.0877
0.0859

Measurement of Winding Insulation Resistance (R15s, R60s, R180s, R600s). The


absorption ratio R60/R15 shall not exceed 3.0 (R10/R1 shall not exceed 1.1 according
to American Standards) after oil-treatment. Results shall be compared with
factory test results.

5000 or 10000 VDC between primary H.V. winding and ground (secondary grounded)

1000 or 5000 VDC between secondary L:V: winding and ground with other secondary
L.V. and primary H.V. windings grounded..

2.5

Measurement of the insulation resistances (R60) on auxiliary wiring at 1,000Vdc

2.6

Over-Voltage test at 1,000 VAC on control and supervisory equipment

2.7

Measurement of Impedance (short-circuit voltage)

Apply about 0.4 kV or higher ACV to the transformer high-voltage (primary) bushing

Transformer low-voltage (secondary) bushings are shortened

Tap changer at principal, highest and lowest taps (three measurements)

Measurements:

283724012.doc

U1

U-V

Voltage between phase U and V

U2

W-V

Voltage between phase W and V

U3

U-W

Voltage between phase U and W

Um

(U1+U2+U3) / 3

I1

Current of phase U

I2

Current of phase V

I3

Current of phase W

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SITE ACCEPTANCE TESTS (SATS) AFTER INSTALLATION


Auxiliary/Distribution Transformers Epoxy-Resin Dry Type

Im

(I1+2+I3) / 3

IT

Rated tap current

UT

Rated tap voltage

Impedance:

Z = (Um * IT * 100%) / (UT * Im)

2.8

Checking of Transformer Protection Schemes

2.9

Measurement of Capacitance and Insulation power factor

283724012.doc

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