You are on page 1of 71

1989 2 -2011 10

17

2011.10

16

CIS

2011. 06

883~884

15

2011. 01

32~36

14

2010. 12

1699~1702

13

2010. 10

13~15

12

CRT

2010. 05

15~17

11

()

2010. 04

296~298

10

(
)

2010. 03

39~46

2010. 01

35~38

2009. 07

6~8

2009. 05

135~140

2008. 12

33~36

2007. 11

40~41

R11

2007. 06

17~21

2007. 01

18~22

1996. 01

31~32

1989. 02

195~196

2011.10

Abstract: This paper analyzes the rollers structure and the reasons of the wearing, researches the key
technical problems and solutions of the remanufacturing, and proposes the enforceable organization model
of the roller remanufacturing in the end. The rollers remanufacturing can make the discarded rollers
recovery to reduce the updated maintenance costs significantly. The key technologies of rollers
remanufacturing includes three aspects. Do the lifespan assessment first. Then do the reprocessing
including disassembly, cleaning, testing, the functional recovery of worn parts and assembly. Choose the
implementation of timing of remanufacturing in the end. The best schemes of the implementation model of
remanufacturing: developing a vehicle-mounted production line of remanufacturing, following the
professional services organization of the roller, going to the site of the using belt conveyors, making use of
the time of the downtime and equipment maintenance, and completing the remanufacturing operations.
Key words: belt conveyor; roller; remanufacture; waste mechanical and electrical product

2011.10

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9

2.2

2.1

80

TD75

2.2.1

80

2.2.2

2011.10

90

3.1

2.2.3

2.2.4
3.1.1

2011.10

3.2

3.1.2

100%

3.1.3

2011.10

3
3.3

4.2

4.3

4.1

2011.10

.20047

28-31

.20051246-47

20103115-117

4 . .

2005

5 .

20101103-105
6 . DT

1994

7 GB/T 10595-2009

2011BAC10B06

391

300384

02223679771

13702190090

Emailhubiaomail@126.com

| Management World

] 2001

( ) +

[ ] ; ; ;
[ ] F406 11
[ ]

[ ] A

[ ] 1006 5024 ( 2011 ) 01 0032 05

09 ( 300184 )
Abstract: In order to improve bad performancein 2001the relevant enterprise conducted carried out the significant reform of operating
management systems with the theory of business rebuilding The main methods were to reorganize the enterprises by flatting
Based on major workshop set up independent limited companies The capital of restructured limited corporations consists of
state shares ( Tang Metallurgy Group controlling stake ) and individual shares of business administrationor consists of complete
individual shares of business administration The newly built corporations used property of enterprises with payment to conduct
business and bear profits deficits and operated independently The profits were handed over to the group in proportion All
limited corporations were operated independently under management framework consisting of five management systems including marketing management technology management production management quality management and financial management The operation practice in the past 9 years has proved the reorganized enterprises showed up full of vitality and
operating performance was greatly improved
Key Words: enterprises reorganization; Business Process Reengineering; organizational structure flatting; Business management

( BPR) 90

2001 10 9

32

Enterprise Economy
2011 1 ( 365 )

( )
45 5

2001 12 3200
1 8

80
60% 90
90
1996 2001
1

3 (
)

2001 10

( )
1

( )
100 200
500

2001

( )

( )
1

( )

; ;

Enterprise Economy
2011 1 ( 365 )

33

100

( )

( )

( )

( )

2006

( )

60%

( )

34

Enterprise Economy
2011 1 ( 365 )

:
( 1 )

( 2 )

; ;

( 3 )

( 4 )

( )

2002 2009

1996 2001 6 6 8

1996 2001 6

8 3

Enterprise Economy
2011 1 ( 365 )

35

( ) 2001

2009

10 36

2001 5 75 8

2000

2001
9

265m2 120m2

2001 2004 5

: 170m2( 2 157m2 )

20 415m2; 132m2

18 230m 9

360m2 3

( ) 2002

2009 96 1

30

1996 2001 6
2837 473
2002 8 1 66 2074
4 4
( )
1999 2001 0 54

2009 2 47

( ) 9
36

:
[ 1 ]
[ J ]
2003( 6 )
[ 2 ]
[ J ]
2005( 2 )
[ 3 ] [ J ]
2006( 9 )
[ 4 ]
[ J ]
2006( 9 )
[ 5 ]
[ J ]
2010( 6 )
[ 6 ] BPR
[ J ]
2010( 2 )
[ :
Enterprise Economy
2011 1 ( 365 )

12/ 2010

, ,

2006, ( 6) : 41 44.
[ 2]

. [ J] .
, 2009, ( 4) : 40 42.

,
, ,
,
,

[ 3]

. [ J] . , 2007,
( 1) : 86 87.

[ 4]

.
[ J] , 2006, ( 1) : 61 63.

[ 5]

, , ,

. [ J] .

, 2005, ( 1) : 12 14.
: 2010 08 16;

: 2010 09 18

: ( 1975

) , , . :

[ 1]

1699

. [ J] . ,

( , , 300191)

Study on Development Strategy of Foundry Industry


Based on Low Carbon Economy
HU Biao
( Management School, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin Promotion Center of Circular Economy, Tianjin
300191, China)
: TG 2

: B

: 1000 8365( 2010) 12 1699 04

UNF CCC ,
,

2003

,
, ,

, ( low carbon econ


o my) [ 4]

,
,

, ,

1
1992 , ( U NF

1
,

CCC) , ,
U NF

, ,

CCC ,
,

85% , 1t 3. 12 t
CO 2 2008

2 510 t , 1 8,
313. 75 t , CO2 978. 9 t

,
,
, ,

40~ 100 kg / t
, 2. 66~ 2. 72 t CO 2 ,

1700

12/ 2010

2 510 t 267~ 683

t 2 510 t 1 245. 9~
1 661. 9 t CO 2

, ,
,

,
,

,
,
, ,

,
,
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
3
,

,
,

3. 1. 2 ,


,
,
,
,

, ,

, ( CDM )
,

3. 1 ,
3. 1. 1 ,

,
, ,
,
, ,
,

12/ 2010

1701

,
,

, ,

3. 2

,
,

, 1 10 ,
2009 12

3. 4 CDM ,

100U SD/ t
,
, CDM

1 750/ t , 175 ,

,
,

80% ,

219
,

,
,

, ,

2009 , 2 203

,
,

214
, CO2 4 000 t ,

15

, , ,

CDM ,
,

,
,

, ,
30 t ~ 50 t ,

, CDM
4

,
,

, ( CDM )

, ,

3. 3

3R , ( Reduce)

, ,

( Reuse)
( Recy cle) ,
,
( ) ( ) ,

[ 1]

, 2008, ( 2) : 68 69.
[ 2]

, 2007 .
, 2009, ( 2) : 57 58.

[ 3]

5% ~ 20% ,
, ,

. 2006 [ J] .

. 2008
. , 2009, ( 4) : 61.

[ 4]

U K Energ y P aper . O ur Ener gy Future Creating a L ow

1702

12/ 2010

Carbon Economy, Feb, 2003.


[ 5]

. [ J] . ,

2009( 2) : 23 27.
[ 6]

: 2010 08 31;

: 2010 09 15

) , , . :

( 1962

. [ J] .

Email : hubiaomail @ 126. com

, 2009, ( 1) : 84 87.

, , , ,

( 1. 341700; 2. ,
341700)

Determination of Phosphor Content in Rare Earth


Containing Spheroidal Agent
XIAO Yong, GU Ying, YANG YU peng, ZHONG Wei chang, LI Chun hong, LIU Yan ping
( 1. Jiangxi Long Yi Heavy Rare Earth Material Co. , Ltd. , Longnan 341700, China; 2. Longnan Long Yi Heavy
Rare Earth Technical Co. , Ltd. , Longnan 341700, China)
: TG 141

: B

: 1000 8365( 2010) 12 1702 02

, 5 mL , 10 mL ,

, ,

1~ 2 mL , ,

100 mL , , 5~

, ,

10 mL (
20 g/ m L ) 50 mL ,

( 3) : 5 mL ( 1+ 1) , 5 m L

, 5 mL , ,

[ 1]

:
0. 6~ 1. 0 m ol/ mL ,

10 mL , ,
20~ 30 10 m in
,

, ,

( 4) : 2 cm ,

700 nm , ,

1
1. 1

1. 42 g / mL ( 1+ 1) ; 1. 15 g/ m L;

1. 45g/ mL ;

, 5~ 10 mL

1. 19 g/ mL ; , 10 g/ L , ( 1+
1) ( ) ; ,

50 mL , 01. 02. 03. 04. 0 mL


, ,

10 g/ L , ( 1+ 1) ; , 35 g/ L;

, ,

, 10 g / mL ;

1. 2

1. 67 g/ mL ;

( 5) : 0. 1 g ,

722 ( )

2. 1

( 1) : 0. 500 0 g 250 mL

, ,
,

,
( 2) : 10 mL 5 mL
, , 10 m L ,

40%
2. 2

, ,

Enterprise Strategy |

( CDM )

[ ]
[ ] F124 5 F407 4
[ ]

[ ] A

[ ] 1006 5024 ( 2010 ) 10 0013 03

300191

[ 1 ]

2008
3350 11% 2
2006 30%
2006 9 3% 2007
8 9% [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ]

CMD

85% 1 3 12
Enterprise Economy
2010 10 ( 362 )

13


CO2 2008
2510 1 8 313 75
CO2 978 9

CMD

40 100 / 2 66
2 72 CO2 2510

[5 ]

267 683 2510


1245 9 1661 9 CO2

20092203

214

CO24000[ 6 ]
CDM

CDM
2
3R Reduce

Reuse Recycle

5 20%

3
1

1 CDM

2010

19905 2%

100 /

14

Enterprise Economy
2010 10 ( 362 )

1 10
2009 12

1750 /
175 80%

219

15

30 50

CDM

[ 1 ] Our Energy Future Creating a Low Carbon Economy


[ N ] UK Energy PaperFeb2003
[ 2 ] 2006 [ R ]
20082

[ 3 ] 2007 [ R ]
20092

[ 4 ] 2008
[ J ] 20094

[ 5 ] [ J ]
20092
[ 6 ] 4

[ EB / OL ] http: / / cdm ccchina gov cn / web / NewsIn-

Enterprise Economy
2010 10 ( 362 )

fo aspNewsId = 4011
2010 08 01
[

]
15


Machinery Design Manufacture

5
2010 5

15

1001-3997201005-0015-03

CRT *
1 1 2 3
1
523006
300191
2
3
300191

Research on optimization design of CRT thermal explosion cutting equipment based on


Taguchi method
HU Biao1
ZHANG Qi-wen1
ZHAO Xin2
DONG Jin-hao3
Tianjin 300191China
1 School of Management Tianjin Umiversity of Technology
2 Guangzhou Electrical Science Research Institute
Guangzhou 523006China
3 School of Mechanical EngineeringTianjin University of TechnologyTianjin 300191China

CRT

CRT

CRT

AbstractThis study combination Taguchi method and design principle of mechanical demonstrate the
optimization cutting equipment design of CRT thermal explosion. Under the promises of production tact and the
production efficiency meet certain requirements designing the parameters of the equipment for the purpose of
decreasing the energy consumption
and then
meet the design requirements of low energy consumption. Addi
tionally
Confirm the effectiveness of optimal parameter design by finite element anglicizing in the process of
thermal explosion with CRT glass plate under the promises of utilizing the optimal parameters as the parameter
setting in the cutting process based on the optimal parameter
s combination draw from Taguchi method.
Key words
Taguchi method
CRT
Thermal explosion method
Finite element analysis

TH16

4
20 80

500
[1] 2003

3 000

CRT CRT
40%

CRT

CRT

3R

CRT

CRT

[3]

CRT

CRT

2 CRT
2.1

CRT

CRT
CRT

[2]

2009-07-22

2006BAF02A17

b
1


CRT

16

1a

CRT

CRT

CRT

1b

[4]

2.2.2

1c

4 4

CRT
90 A

2
1
Q1 = U t
R
Q2 =Q1
2

D A

CRT CRT

U
R

Q1

Q2

2.2 CRT
CRT
CRT

A
B

D
A

B
C

C
D

CRT CRT

4 CRT

2.2.3
CRT

2 CRT

2.2.1
CRT
3

2.2.4
CRT

CRT

D
1

3 CRT

A
B

C
D 1 2

3
L933

CRT

A
B

CRT

C
3

CRT14
17
21
25

CRT-E
3

1
Q
1

No.5
May.2010

4.3

1
F0

1.9F0
30v

1.2F0
22v

A:
B
C

CRT 0.33103J/kgK 0.5103J/kgK

0.750[8]

2.4F0
36v

61047104MPa[9]

CRT
130MPa

4.1

T2
T3
2 T1
3 17 CRT

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3

1
2
3
2
3
1
3
1
2

T1
86
84
83
88
86
88
85
88
82

T2
85
79
77
83
80
85
82
87
80

4080MPa

ANSYS CRT

CRT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

17

T3
87
86
87
90
87
90
87
91
87

S/N

6
7
NODAL SOLUTDON
STEP=9
SUB=1
TIME=90
ETMP (AVG)
RSYS=0
SMN=20
SMX=800

20
106.667
193.333

NODAL SOLUTDON
STEP=9
SUB=1
TIME=90
SEQV (AVG)
DMX=.004999
SMN=.054119
SMX=46.483

.054119
5.213
10.372

280
MX

15.53

366.667

20.689
MX

453.333
540

31.006

626.667

36.165

713.333
800

MN

41.324
46.483

Y
Z

25.848

[7]

n 2

"

SN=-10log 10 1 yi
n

yi
n

S/N
3
A
C Max-Min 1dB
B
Max-Min 0.16dB
B
B3
C1

A3

A:
B
C

1.9F0
30v

1.2F0
22v

2.4F0
36v

dB
Max- Min

3.31
0.16
8.18

2
3
1

86s

5
CRT

CRT

4.2
B
S/N
B 3 B

CRT
B
S/N
5
B2
C1
A3
dB

3 S/N

800 7
90s
46MPa

5 S/N

3
. J.

2006
233
466471
4 . CRT J.
2008
19
118137
5
. M.

2005
168173
6
. J.
2007
18
8889
7 Erdogn Ozbay
Ahmet Oztas
Adil Baykasoglu
et al. Investigating mix pro
portions of high strength self compacting concrete by using Taguchi method.
Construction and Building Materials
2009
236
694702

-20.0
-22.5
-25.0
-27.5
-30.0
1

. J.
1

2003
19
3132
2

. J.

2008
12
4446

8 . J.
2007
3335
185186
9
. M.

2008
186187

( )
JOURNA L O F T IAN JIN UN IV ERS ITY ( SO CIA L SC IENCES)

2010 7
Ju.l 2010

12 4
V o .l 12 N o. 4

( , 300191)

: ,

,
, , ,
: , ; ,
; ,
: ; ;
: F062 2

: A

: 1008 4339( 2010) 04 0296 03

[ 2 3]

, , ,

,
, 19
,

; ;

[ 1]

;
; ;

; ,

, , : ,

,
, ,

, ,
,

,
, ,

,
; ,

: 2009 12 11.
: ( TJYY 08 1 104) .
:

( 1962

, hub iaom ai@


l 126. com.

) , , , .

12 4

: ,

297

,
, 18,

; , ,
, ,

1.

,
,

,
, ,

, ,

[ 3]

,
,

[ 4]

,
,
2.

, ,

, , ,

, ,
,

, ,

,
, ,

,
,

, ,

, ,

, , ,

298

( )

2010 7

,
,

, ,

,
,

,
,

, , ,

,
,

,
, ,

:
[ 1]

[ 5]

[ 2]

,
1990 ,
[ 6 7]

27 42 31, 2007 11 7 49 2 39 1

. [ D ]. :

[ 3]

. : [ J].

[ 4]

. :

, 2007( 6): 23 24.


[ D ] . :
, 2008.
[ 5]

20 50, ,
20 80,
20 90, ,

, 2008.

, ,

, ,

. [ J]. , 2008

( 3): 332 333.

. :
[ J]. , 2007( 11): 13 16.

[ 6]

. [ J]. , 2007( 12): 8 9.

[ 7]

. [ J].

, 2008( 5): 48 49.

Op tim izing Industrial S tructure and Constructing Ecological C ivilization


HU B iao, YANG San b ian
( Schoo l ofM anagem ent, T ianjin U n iversity o f T echno logy, T ianjin 300191, Ch ina)
Ab stract: E co log ical civ ilization is an inev itable cho ice m ade afte r deep reflection on traditiona l econom ic deve lopm ent
m ode under the situation o f g loba l population grow th, shortage o f resources and env ironm enta l po llution. The thesis takes
the hum an needs and the current situation o f resources and env ironm en t as the breakthrough po int, and conducts a deta iled
description o f the relationsh ip betw een eco log ica l c iv ilization and industria l structure based on a research o f the tow.

It is

po inted out that upg rad ing industria l structure is the only w ay to construct eco log ica l civ iliza tion, A nd propose the directions
fo r industr ia l structure s optim iza tion and upgrding under the gu idance o f eco log ical civ iliza tion are proposed. F irstly, deve l
op charac teristic industry, and form characteristic econom y; second ly, acce lerate industrial upg rading rely ing on techno log i
cal innovation; and third ly, deve lop c ircular econom y.
K eyword s: industr ia l structure; ecolog ica l civ ilization; upgrad ing of industria l structure

2010 3
30 ( 242 )

MODERN FIN ANC E & E CONOM IC S

No . 3, 2010 Vo 1. 30
General N o. 242

, ,

( , 300191)

, , ,
2008 , ,

, , ,

: ; ;
: F 061. 5

: A

: 1005- 1007( 2010) 03- 0039- 08

Abstract: It is sig nificant of develo ping cir cular eco no my to the susta inable dev elopment of Bohai rim areas. In
my paper , I first set the index es o f evaluating t he development of circular economy , and then make an analysis on
the indexes o f recent thr ee year s of Bo hai r im areas, and co nclude that in g ener al there is a rising tendency in the cir
cular economy development of Bo hai r im areas, and imbalance exists in the int ernal development. Based on the abov e
issues, I put for war d the reasonable measures to help the balance dev elo pment o f circular economy of Bohai r im are
as, and fur ther im pr ove the sustainable develo pment o f its eco no my.
Key Words: Bo hai Rim A r ea; Circular Eco no my; Imbalance Dev elo pment

,
,

( )

, ! ,

!,

, ,
, ;

; ,

, ,

: 2009- 11- 18
* : : TJY Y 08- 1- 104
: ( 1962 ) , , , ; ( 1986- ) , , ;
( 1978- ) , ,

40

2010 3

1 2006~ 2008

, ,

1 2006~ 2008

GDP

( % )

(%)

GDP

( % )

GDP

( )

GDP
(
/ )

/ )

( %)

( %)

( )

( )

( %)

( %)

2006
2007

2008

70. 91%

44. 40%

0. 13%

100. 9

0. 76

141. 5

787

1. 33

99. 29%

98. 53%

92. 50%

74. 60%

110528. 6

72. 09%

36. 20%

0. 11%

102. 4

0. 714

216. 6

758. 3

1. 19

97. 42%

98. 68%

95. 70%

74. 80%

91801. 6

73. 25%

37. 2%

0. 75%

105. 1

0. 662

210. 8

719. 61

1. 037

98. 26%

98. 64%

97. 7%

66. 4%

117525

2006

40. 21%

37%

0. 34%

101. 5

1. 069

95. 5

1024. 1

1. 33

99. 77%

97. 74%

85%

98. 40%

171747. 8

40. 54%

0. 30%

104. 2

1. 016

213. 4

1017. 1

1. 22

99. 71%

98. 91%

93. 30%

98. 40%

110850. 9

37. 94%

0. 26%

105. 4

0. 947

194. 9

910. 42

1. 053

99. 90%

99. 42%

93. 5%

98. 2%

113838

0. 16%

101. 7

1. 895

156. 1

1515. 9

4. 19

93. 41%

92. 91%

46. 50%

59. 33%

561234. 2
796650. 8

2007

2008
2006
2007

2008
2006
2007

2008
2006
2007

2008
2006
2007

2008

33. 78%

35. 60%

34. 01%

36. 50%

0. 14%

104. 7

1. 843

292. 6

1579. 8

3. 87

92. 28%

93. 33%

53. 40%

58. 21%

33. 21%

38. 7%

0. 13%

106. 2

1. 727

280. 0

1492. 81

3. 315

95. 48%

93. 60%

57. 2%

60. 53%

1339373

38. 32%

36. 90%

0. 56%

101. 2

1. 775

615. 5

1372. 6

2. 92

92. 91%

91. 81%

54. 10%

36. 10%

305735. 7

36. 62%

37. 50%

0. 47%

105. 1

1. 704

333. 5

1332. 7

2. 65

92. 41%

91. 12%

56. 50%

38. 82%

517482. 6

34. 52%

38. 1%

0. 15%

104. 6

1. 617

331. 5

1223. 81

2. 426

88. 53%

96. 20%

59. 8%

45. 86%

423803

32. 55%

37. 50%

0. 27%

101

1. 231

214. 8

1069

2. 02

98. 04%

93. 49%

70. 10%

92. 42%

1074662. 4

33. 43%

38. 60%

0. 23%

104. 4

1. 175

235. 1

1068. 4

1. 89

98. 07%

94. 20%

80. 70%

95. 32%

1479858

33. 37%

39. 8%

0. 27%

105. 3

1. 100

234. 1

1001. 08

1. 698

98. 86%

95. 92%

79. 4%

91. 73%

1650124

39. 35%

35. 1%

0. 23%

101. 5

1. 168

442. 0

90. 70%

90. 01%

52. 2%

59. 11%

10267926

40. 10%

35. 3%

0. 22%

104. 8

1. 064

441. 5

91. 66%

91. 65%

62%

60. 81%

13512692

40. 07%

37. 4%

0. 18%

105. 9

0. 948

446. 2

92. 45%

93. 54%

66. 8%

62. 95%

16213662

: 2007~ 2009

( )

1.

1 , ,

, ,
GDP

, , ,

, GDP

GDP ,
2006 1. 168 2007 1. 064,

,
,
, ,

2008 0. 948,

1. 843

,
,

, ,

2.

1 , 2007 GDP

72. 09% , ,
,

, 2008

30 3

, :

( )
( A H P)

41

2010 3

B1

B2

B3

B4

B1

1/ 2

B2

1/ 2

1/ 2

1/ 3

B3

1/ 2

1/ 2

B4

, 4 , 13
A: ,

3.

1.

B:

C:

D:

,
A - B
,
[ 5] :
( 1) M i ,
( 2) M i n K i ,
( 3) K K = ( K 1 K 2 K 3 K 4 ) T ,
4

( 4) W i

W i = K i / i= 1K i ,

( 5)

max

( 6)
, CR = CI / RI =
0. 0223< 0. 1( RI : ) ,
1

2.
70
, 40 ,

A - B
C B
4.

25 , 15
, 70

, (

, 55 2 ,

1 ,
; 2

, ,

CR= CI/ RI= 0. 078< 0. 1,

,
,

5.

,
, 15
,

, , 3

4 , 1
~ 9 , 1

w i ,

; 3, 5, 7, 9

( Yi )

; 2, 4, 6, 8
2 B

D i

A A - B,

( 4)
4 , 2007

B- C

D i 1 ,

W i ,

42

, 0. 2286;
, 0. 2100;
,

2010 3

0. 1962
0. 1829
0. 1823

( )

B1

B2

B3

B4

,
, , ,

0. 3165

0. 2122

0. 2122

0. 2591

( W i = Ci B j )

C1

0. 2623

0. 0830

,
!( )

C2
C3

0. 2495

0. 0790

0. 2623
0. 2258

0. 0830
0. 0715

C4

C5

0. 2461

0. 0522

C6

0. 1917

0. 4068

C7

0. 2461

0. 0522

C8

0. 3160

0. 0671

C9

0. 3558

0. 0755

C 10

0. 3114

0. 0661

C 11

0. 3328

0. 0706

,
, ,
, 2008

C 12

0. 4031

0. 1044

C 13

0. 5987

0. 1551

, ,

4 2007

73. 2% , 25. 7%

50% ~ 60%

0. 2286

0. 2100

0. 1823

0. 1829

0. 1962

, ,
2008 ,
,

,
,

,
5

2008

1. 1
1. 9

25. 7
60. 1

73. 2
37. 9

100
100

12. 6

54. 2

33. 2

100

9. 7
9. 7

57. 0
55. 8

33. 4
34. 5

100
100

: 2009

( )

,
,
, ,

, ,
;

, ,
,

,
,
, ,

,
,
,

30 3

, :

2010 3

43

,
, ,

,
, ,

( )
, , ,

, ,

!,
,

, ,

,
,

, ,

, ,
2008 7 ,

, ,

, ,

, ,
,

,
,

( )

, ,

,
,

, ,

, ,
, ,

2007 ,

, ,
,

70% ,

20% ,

2007 ,

, :
( )

24. 39%

2007 , 4 80

, ,

,
4358 ,

2004 2008 ,
2008 ,

, , 2004

, 2008 ,

, ,

96 , ,

, , ,

82% , , , 96% ,

( ) ,

, 66%
A 11 ,

12% ; B 14 ,
,

15% ; C 19 ,

20%

44

,
6

2010 3

2004~ 2008

( : )

2004

15 900

5 410

3 030

2 310

10 750

2005

8 990

6 240

2 910

1 750

10 900

2006

8 190

7 370

1 750

2 770

11 890

2007

7 260

5 540

5 380

6 120

17 040

2008

7 560

5 600

5 140

3 070

13 810

( )
,
,
,

16. 3% GDP GDP


, GDP ,

GDP

; ,

, ,

,

! ,

,
,
, ,

, ,

( )

, ,

, ,

, , ,
, ! ,

!,

7 2004~ 2008
( : )

,
,

, ,

2004

3198

3058

21696

13015

20357

, ,

2005

3532

4602

26518

20903

24129

2006

4641

6512

39254

27195

25751

2007

5146

5506

48036

23946

31341

2008

4316

6005

37558

40219

33505

: 2005~ 2009

,
, ,
, 2009 ,

( )

, ,
,

30 3

, :

2010 3

45

,
( 1)

GDP ,
,

, ,

( 2)

,
,

,
( 3)

, ,

( 4) !

, ,
,

, ,
, ,

, ,

,
,

( ) ,

,
, , ;

, , ,

,
,

,
, ,

, , ,

, ,

, ,

, , ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

,
!,

( )

, , ; ,

,
, ,

, ,

; ,

, ,

( ) ,
, ,

,
,

, GDP ,

; , ,

46

2010 3

, ,

, ;

, ,

( ) ,

, ;

, ,

, ,

,
,

, , ,

!,
, ,

( )

[ 1] . [ J] .

,
,
, ,
,

, 2008( 18) : 30- 32.


[ 2] , .
[ J] . , 2008( 22) : 84- 85.
[ 3] , .
[ J] . ( ) . 2009, 9( 5) : 666 667.
[ 4] . [ J] .
, 2001( 5) : 30- 33.

, ,
, ,

[ 5] . [ J] . ,

!,

[ 6] , .

,
,

2009, ( 5) : 30- 33.


[ J] . , 2009( 5) : 29- 33.


300191

R11

R11

X705

1674-0912201001-0035-04

R12

R11

2006

1 000 50

t [1]

Present situation and countermeasures of waste household


appliances and electronic products recycling in China
ZHU Peiwu
Zhejiang Institute of StandardizationHangzhou 31006China
Abstract: How to effectively collect and safely manage waste household appliances and electronic products has
attracted attention from all over the world as a problematic social issue. This paper demonstrated the implementation
measures of developed countries in this aspect, analyzed the present situation and main problems in our country. Finally,
the paper put forward the suggestion for establishing recycling system of waste household appliances and electronic
products .
Keywords: waste household appliances and electronic productsreutilizationstandardization
20091203

1962-

2010 / 3 / 1

35

[23]

2001 4 1

[2
3]

R12

2.1.1

3
RECYCLABLE RESOURCES AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY

[45]

2.1

2.2

2.1.2
1

36

2010 Vol.3.No.1

[56]

2.2.1

[7]

3 R11

R11

R11

R11

3 R11

2.2.2

w =cP-T2--T1
2 R11

T1 P1-R11

10 /

T2-R11 P2-R11
rR11

R11

[5
8]

[5]

2.2.2.1
R11 23.7

r m R11

QR11 =mr

R11 rR11,
R11
P1

P1-R11=rR11P1

rR11-1
P2-R11 rR11
T2-R11=T

1
P1-R11
R11 cP-R11
wR11

wR11 =cP-R11T2-R11-T1
2.2.2.3
1

qR11 =cP-R11T2-R11-TR11

2.2.2.2
P1
P2 P2

R11
P2-R11=rR11P2

R11 [59]
2

q =cP-T2--T
2.2.3

P
P2= 2-R11
rR11

1 T1

P1-
T2-
P2-
ra

T2-=T1[

P2-
]
P1-

ra-1
ra

cP-

2010 / 3 / 1

37

10 160 L

[1] . [J ].
2005
15(5)
113- 117.

[2]
. [J ].
1999(6)
27- 28.

[3]

( )[EB/OL].

[EB/OL]. http : //w w w .s x.xinhuane t.com/qyzx/2004- 03/31/

065.84

conte nt_1883501.htm.

1 504.84 [4]
5060
10 /
10

[4] .
2007
25(1)
18- 22.
[J ].
[5] . R11
2007
25(6)
17- 21.
[J ].
[6] .
200710056468.2[P].2007- 01- 16.

[7]

200710056467.8[P].2007- 01- 16.


[8] . [M].19994
196- 199.
[9]

M J Skovrup
H J H Knuds e n
H V Holrn. Re frige ration

utilitie s Ve rs ion 1. 21 [CP]. De p. Of Ene rgy Engine e ring

DTU
1998.

An environment friendly treating process on waste refrigerators


HU BiaoXIONG YinghanYANG Sanbian

RECYCLABLE RESOURCES AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY

Institute of Circular EconomyTianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300191, China


Abstract: A treating process on waste refrigerators is introduced. Firstly, waste refrigerators are disassembled. This
procedure includes refrigerants recycling; dismantling the compressor, radiator and evaporator; dismantling the steel shell,
inner pot and bushing of the tank and door; peeling off the foam insulation. Then the disassembled materials are further
treated: steel plates and tubes are recycled after being planished or slittered; bushing of the tank and door are crumbled
and recycled as injection moulding material; compressor is tested and repaired or utilized as smelting material for
metallurgical industry. PU foam could be recycled after removing R-11, and the process includes comminuting the foam,
vaporizing the R -11 vesicant, dealing with the mixed gas which consists of gathering, removing dust, storing,
compressing, condensing, throttling, as well as separating air from R-11 vesicant. The parameters of this process involve
thermodynamic calculation, such as heat absorption in R-11evaporation, power consumption in gas compression, heat
dissipation in condensation, etc.. It also demonstrated the re -molding technology of PU rigid foam debris with foam
cementing method. This process is a proper way to treat waste refrigerators under the current situation for efficient
utilization, easy sorting, low power consumption and facility cost.
Keywords: waste refrigerator; waste home appliance; recycling; waste polyurethane rigid foam
20091118

38

2010 Vol.3.No.1

Vol27 No7
2009 7

China Resources Comprehensive Utilization

300191

WEEE
X705

10089500 2009 07000603

The Comparison of Different Building Patterns of WEEEs


Treatment Center
Hu Biao Zhang Xin
Tianjin University of Technology School of Management Tianjin

300191 China

Abstract To the WEEE treatment center is not only the place for processing but also is an important part
in implementation of its recycling and remanufacturing In this paper taking full into account of the integration
of the recovery process bring about three kinds of models that could build the treatment center through
quantitative analysis provide basis for the decisionmaking
Keywords WEEE treatment center model decision benefit





WEEE

1
Cm
2
Cr CrCm C
CCmCr
3

W
P
Q P P 0
4 A
5 G
6
P
7 0
1 1

8
F
9
B
10
D

20081210

1962

, 3

22

21

1 ,

, ,

, :

MaxR1PWCmFB
STmaxRr PPW

11

MaxR2PWCmAB
STmaxRr PPW

12

R1 Rr

W2 CmAB
2
2

P W 2

23
CmAB
2
d2

P11 11

13
CmFB
2
d1
d1F
AD1B

22

, 12

W1 CmFB
2
2

21

d2D
1 B G P

23


PWCmACD1G

PCD 1

G PCBA

243

, ,

MaxR3PWCmACD1G

31

32
STmaxRr PPW
31

W CmACD1
2
2

33
CmACD1
2
d3

d3D1A

24

241


PWCmAB

F


F A AF

242

1 WEEE
2 GamberiniRGebenniniEGrassi,AetalAn innovative model
for WEEE recovery network management in accordance with the
EU directivesInternational Journal of Environmental Technology
and Management 34868 2008
3 AbuBakarMSRahimifardsAnintegratedframeworkforplanning
ofrecyclingactivitiesinelectricalandelectronicsector,International
Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 6176302008
4 PorteMsJianxinYangWEEErecyclinginChinaPresentsituation
andmainobstaclesforimprovementsProceedingsofthe2007IEEE
InternationalSymposiumonElectronicsandtheEnvironment40
5 2007
5 WEEE J
2008 7 15
6 J
2007 30 7

14 5
2009 10

Industr ial Engineer ing and M anag ement

V ol. 14 N o. 5
O ct. 2009

: 1007 5429( 2009) 05 0135 06

1 ,

1 , 1 , 2 , 2

( 1. , 300191; 2. , 300191)
: ,

, ,
,
, ,
360m Ah/ g, 320mA h/ g
: ; ;
: F253. 3
: A

Application of Taguchi Methods in Modification for Graphite Used as Anode


H U Biao 1 , ZH ANG Xin1 , ZH ANG Q i w en 1 , WANG Zhi y uan 2 , CU I H o ng x iang 2
( 1. School of M anagement, T ianjin U niversity of T echnolog y, T ianjin 300191, China;
2. School of M at erial Science and Eng ineering, T ianjin U niversit y of T echno logy , T ianjin 300191, China)
Abstract: T aguchi m et hod w as used in t he ex periment al desig n process of g raphit e ano de
modif icat ion f or lit hium ion bat tery. In the process, an ex perimental desig n problem w it h a single
indicato r and mult i f act ors w as est ablished, w hich t ook t he pheno lic resin, gr aphit e, so lvent s,
coat ing vo lum e, ev aporat ion t em perat ure, carbo nizat ion t em perat ure and carbonizatio n tim e as the
inf luencing f act ors, and t he reversible capacity as t he evaluation index. T hen, sensitiv e f act ors
w hich af f ect ed the ev aluat io n index w ere obt ained based on t he main ef fect m ap of m ean response,
and t he best process parameters w ere det ermined via adopt ed in mean response and signal t o noise
ration. F inally, ex perim ent s had pro ved t hat t he r eversible capacit y had reached t o 360mAh/ g , and
w as g reat ly enhanced com pared t o t he init ial value of 320mAh/ g, under t he condit ions of ado pt ing
the best process paramet er s.
Key words: t aguchi met hods; graphit e ano de; qualit y loss f unction

,
, ,

, ,

, ,


, ,

: 2008 11 09;

: 2009 05 04

: ( 08J CZD JC10100)


: ( 1951 ) , , , ,

135

14

, :

, ,
,

, ,
Wu. Y. P , H 2 O 2 , Ce
( SO4) 2 , H NO 3 ( NH 4) 2 S 2 O 8 ,

,
( )
[ 7]
L ( y ) = K ( y - y0 ) 2

, 251mAh/ g
335m Ah/ g, 64% 88% ,
[ 1 4] ,
,
Wang G. P
,
[ 5]

,
,

( 1)

( 2)

K = A0 / (y0 - y )

, K y ,
y , L ( y )
, L ( y )
N , N
y 1 , y 2 , y 3 , , y N ,
[ 7]

1
(yi - y0 )2
( 3)
N #
1
L ( y ) N
L(y) = K

K :
; y

y 0 ,

y y ~ N(

:
, ,

1
N - S 2y

( 4)

1
S =
(yi - y )
N- 1#
i- 1

- 2

Sm = N y

( 5)
( 6)

, y i ; y


,
y

) , [ 7]

2
y

[ 6]

, ,

DB,

,
!

2
SN = 10 lg ( S m - S y )

4. 1

y 0 ( ) ,

, ,
,

, y , ,
,
0

1
136

, , ,
, ,

,
, ,

4. 2

,
,
2

: , , , ,
, , , ,

( W) A ; B ; C
( X ) D ; E ; F
; G

( Z) H ; I

, ( ,

( J ) J (

, ) , , , ,
, ,

372mAh/ g )

& 95 )
F : , %, & ( 800 , %

( W ) ( X )
; ( Z)

1000 , & 1200 )


G : , %, &( 1h, % 2h, &

DOE
A : , %( 1
, % 2 )
B : , %, &( , %
, &)
C : , %, &( , %, &
)
D : , %, & ( 5% , % 10% , &
15% )
E : , %, &( 55 , % 75 ,

3h)
7 ,
2 ; 6 3 ,
2 ( 3 = 1458,
1

,
,
Minitab , 7
, 2 3
M init ab 18 1

137

14

, :
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

3 S11, S12, S21, S22

, ( , )
( , )

, 4 , 2
1 2
1

S11

S 12

S21

S 22

18 ( 4= 72 ,
3

S 11

S 12

S 21

S 22

310. 3

311. 8

313. 9

309. 8

44. 5657

305. 8

304. 4

306. 6

307. 5

47. 3382

315. 6

315. 0

313. 5

312. 1

45. 7805

345. 0

342. 8

344. 4

347. 9

44. 1904

350. 6

351. 1

349. 8

353. 4

47. 1292

334. 4

330. 8

333. 6

331. 1

45. 3532

295. 6

299. 8

297. 6

298. 5

44. 5449

285. 7

288. 4

286. 0

289. 0

44. 7216

SN

304. 6

305. 7

303. 5

301. 2

43. 9722

10

311. 8

314. 6

311. 5

313. 6

46. 5179

11

319. 0

322. 4

322. 8

325. 4

41. 7751

12

320. 8

318. 4

317. 9

319. 4

47. 9418

13

340. 6

343. 7

344. 2

341. 8

46. 2196

14

338. 7

334. 8

335. 7

337. 6

45. 5755

15

362. 1

360. 4

359. 7

363. 6

46. 5755

16

307. 8

305. 7

309. 4

308. 5

45. 8164

17

314. 6

311. 7

315. 8

313. 0

44. 8414

18

320. 2

319. 9

322. 4

324. 1

44. 2259

138

4. 3

Minitab,

, ( 4)

3 SN

, 4 5 ,
4

4 ( Mean)

316. 6

314. 3

319. 6

326. 3

320. 4

317. 8

321. 7

326. 5

344. 9

319. 6

323. 1

321. 1

321. 0

320. 8

305. 4

325. 4

315. 2

323. 1

325. 8

322. 2

39. 5

5. 9

11. 1

2. 6

8. 0

1. 4

3
9. 9

( SN)

45. 29

45. 65

45. 31

44. 27

44. 34

45. 61

45. 83

45. 47

45. 79

45. 23

46. 23

46. 05

45. 30

45. 81

44. 69

45. 59

45. 63

45. 74

45. 22

44. 49

0. 18

0. 18

0. 36

1. 96

1. 71

0. 38

1. 35

,
, ,

,
%, &;
%, %, %,
;
& M init ab ,
4

SN = 47. 9265, Mean= 359. 326


M ean= 363. 6, S N = 46. 2896

, ,

M init ab ,
- 2 Mean = 358. 397, SN =

47. 9072, & M ean = 359. 814,

S N= 46. 5785, M ean

4. 4

4 5
[ 8]


, ,
,
,
;

,
,
%; %; &;
% ; %; &
; &

,
,

, 5
139

14

, :

- 3h
360mAh/ g ,

:
[ 1] Wu Y P, J iang C Y , W an C R, et al. M odifi ed nat ural graphit e as
anode mat erial f or lit hium ion batt eries [ J ] . J Pow er Sour ces ,
2002, ( 111) : 329 334.
[ 2] Wu Y P, Jiang C Y , Wan C R , et al. Ef f ect s of cat alyt ic oxidati on

5
, 320mA h/ g

, 360mAh/ g

, ,
,

on t he el ectr ochem ical perf ormance of common natu ral graphit e


as an

an ode mat erial

f or

lit hium

ion

b at t eri es [ J ] .

Elect roch emis try Commu nicati on s, 2000, ( 2) : 272 275.


[ 3] Wu Y P, Jian g C Y , Wan C R, et al. A node mat erials for lit hium
ion bat t eries by oxidative t reat ment of comm on nat ural graphit e
[ J] . S ol id St at e Ion ics, 2003, ( 156) : 283 290.
[ 4] Wu Y P, J iang C Y , W an C R, et al. E ff ect s of pret reat ment of
nat ural graphit e by oxidati ve solu ti on s on it s el ect rochemi cal
performance as an ode m at erial [ J ] . Elect rochimi ca A ct a, 2003,
( 48) : 867 874.
[ 5] Wang G P, Zh ang B L , Yu e M , et al. A modif ied graphit e anode
w it h high init ial ef fici ency and excell ent cycl e lif e exp ect ati on
[ J] . S ol id St at e Ion ics, 2005, ( 176) : 905 909.

,
,

[ 6] H sieh K L, T ong L I. In corporat ing process capabili ty index an d

, Minitab

qualit at ive data [ J ] . OInt J A dv M anuf T echnol, 2006, ( 27 ) :

,
, ,

[ 7] . [ M ] . :

2 ; ; ;

[ 8] , . [ M ] . :

- 10% ; - 75 ; - 1200 ;

qualit y loss fun ct ion int o an alyz ing t he proces s capabilit y f or


1217 1222.
, 1996.
, 2005.

( 121 )

,
,

, 2004, 21( 12) : 102 103.


[ 2] ) . [ M ] . : , 2004.
[ 3] . [ D] . :
, 2007.
[ 4] .

LISREL [ M ] .

( ) , 2003.

[ 5] . [ D ] . :

[ 6] N aras imhan V, Brow n H . Responding t o t he global hu man

;
,

:
[ 1] , . [ J ] .

140

, 2007.

resources crisi s [ J ] . T he Lancet , 2004, 363: 1469 1472.


[ 7] Dot y D. Frink , K l imoski R J. T oward a t h eory of account abi lit y
in organization s and hum an resou rces management [ J ] . G. R .
Ferri s ( Ed. ) . Research in Persinn el and Hum an T es ou rce
M anag ement , 1998, ( 16) : 92 109.
[ 8] Delanney J T , H us elid M A . Th e im pact of H R M pract ices on
percept ions of organ izat ional p erf orman ce [ J ] . A cademy of
M anag ement J ou rnal , 1996, 39( 4) : 949 969.

Vol26 No12
2008 12

China Resources Comprehensive Utilization

300191

WEEE WEEE
WEEE WEEE
WEEE
WEEE
X76

10089500 2008 12003304

The Analysis on the Factors Which Affect the Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment Comprehensive Value in Its Recycling Process
Hu Biao Zhang Qiwen
School of Management Tianjin University of Technology Tianjin 300191 China

Abstract In order to enhance the comprehensive value in WEEE recycling, we analyzed the WEEEs composition
of value and revealed how the factors such as the WEEEs classification the sequence of dismantling the
degree of dismantling and the degree of reusing the renewed resources impact the comprehensive value of
WEEE recycling At the same time we take corresponding proposals to enhance the comprehensive value in
WEEE recycling
KeywordsWEEE value composition dismantling sequence dismantling degree degree of reuse
WEEE

WEEE
WEEE WEEE

WEEE
WEEE
WEEE

WEEE
WEEE


3
1

A
2


B
3

A B C 3
1
A B C 3

A BAC1C2
B BAC1C2 V

AC1C2C3)

10

10

20080824

1962

33

C VAC1C3
A

A
C1

C2

C1

B
V

C1

C2

C3

C2
B

C3

A B
Cx V

A BC 3

21
WEEE

34

12

1
3
1
2
3



1 2
1

mpt

WEEE

12

3
2

mpt kg

410

1218

53

75

640

1 140

1 300

1 500

37106

2 4

30
6
6
55

12 18

1
A

2 2
2

6
2

B
C
3 3
D
E

1
E

2 1
A
3 2
D
B
C

T 1t1 T 2t2 T 3t3


62

1106

6 3
B
D E D E
B C A

2
2

22

HSrinivasan

Miguel Angel Garcia

4
1 2


T 1t1t2t3 T 2t1t2t3

35

WEEE





30

1 7

12

1 WEEE
2 Huisman J Stevel A Marinelli T Magalin F Where did
WEEE go wrong in Europe Electronics and the Environment
Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Symposium on 811
May 2006 Delf USA
3 JHuismanCBBoksALNStevelsQuotes for Environmentally
Weighted Recyclability QWERTY The concept of describing
product recyclability in terms of environmental value, accepted
for the International Journal of Production ResearchSpecial Issue
on Product Recovery 41 16 pp 3 6493 665
4 JHuisman QWERTY and EcoEfficiency analysis on cellular
phone treatment in SwedenThe ecoefficiency of the direct smelter
route versus mandatory disassembly of Printed Circuit Boards
written for ElKristen Stockholm Sweden April 2004
5 D
2002
6 J
2003NO4
7
J 20054

55
36

China Appliance Technology

40

56


Research/Discussion

41

-




-

60





61


67