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PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)

Answer any FIVE questions.


1. Describe the meaning and scope of research.
2. State the steps involved in formulating a hypothesis.
3. What are the sources of collecting secondary data?
4. State the various kinds of probability sampling.
5. Describe the use of computer packages for data analysis.
6. State the use of executive summary.
7. Describe the layout of a business letter.
8. Write the types of discussion groups.
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
9. Does exploratory research always lead to conclusive research? Explain with
examples.
10. Majority of the researches make use of primary sources of data and
secondary data sources do not really contribute to a scientific enquiry. Do you
agree/disagree with this statement. Explain.
11. What are the criteria of a sound questionnaire? Explain with an example.
12. Explain with an example for ungrouped and grouped frequency table.
13. Write the sales letter.
14. Explain importance of organizing the conferences.
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks)
Compulsory
15. Explain the steps involved in the research process.

PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks. Each answer should
not exceed 1 page.
1. Define Research Plan.
2. What is Pilot Study?
3. Explain census and sample survey.
4. Distinguish between questionnaire and interview schedule.
5. What are the characteristic of a good sample?
6. Distinguish between Null hypothesis and Alternative hypothesis.
7. Write short note on bibliography.
8. How do you communicate to a group?
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Describe different steps involved in a research process.
10. Explain different types of sampling.
11. Distinguish between questionnaire and interview schedule.
12. Processing of data implies editing, coding, classification and tabulation,
describe.
13. Explain the significance of a research report and narrate the various steps
involved in writing a report.
14. What are the points to be considered in drafting circulars?
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks)
Compulsory
15. Thirty years old Europe based company plans to establish a chain of hotels in
Indian metro cities for this purpose, the company wishes to invite a good
research proposal about the hotel industry in Metrocities. As a research
consultant, draw a good research proposal to elicit information about hotel
industry in Metrocities.

PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is Research Design?
2. Explain Research Ethics.
3. What do you mean by Sampling Design?
4. What are the characteristics of good hypotheses?
5. Explain Type I error and Type II error.
6. Define coding.
7. Write short notes on appendix.
8. Define a research report.
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks) Answer any FOUR questions.
9. Explain the different types of research.
10. Discuss different data collection methods.
11. Explain the different scaling techniques.
12. Explain classification and tabulation.
13. Discuss different parts of the research report.
14. Write a business letter to a company about your product to fix them as a
distributor.
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks)
Compulsory.
15. The table given below shows the data obtained during outbreak of smallpox :
Attacked Not attacked Total Vaccinated 31 469 500 Not Vaccinated 185 1315
1500
Total 216 1784 2000 Test the effectiveness of vaccination in preventing the
attack from smallpox. Test your result with the help of chi-square test at 5% level
of significance. (Chi-square values 3.841, 5.991 and 7.815 for V = 1, 2 and 3
respectively @ 5% significance level).

PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Describe formulation of hypothesis.
2. Describe the steps in Research Process.
3. Discuss the sources of collecting secondary data.
4. Describe the importance of scaling techniques in Business Research.
5. Explain the application of univariate analysis.
6. Describe the functions of business letter.
7. How to write a effective business letter?
8. Describe the importance of group discussion.
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Explain the various types of research.
10. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of case study method research.
11. Explain the use of computer packages for data analysis.
12. Describe the layout of business letter with an example.
13. Explain the importance of circular letters with an example.
14. What are the good characteristics of writing technical proposal? Discuss with
an example.
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks) Compulsory.
15. One thousand girls in a college were graded according to their I.Q. and the
economic conditions of their homes. Use 2 test to find out whether there is any

association between economic condition at home and I.Q. of girls (Given V = 1 ;


X^2 0.05 = 3.84)
I.Q.
Economic conditions
High Low
Total
Rich
100
300
400
Poor
350
250
600
Total
450
550
1000

PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
1. State the objectives of the research.
2. How to formulate the research hypothesis?
3. Differentiate between descriptive and conclusive research.
4. Describe the various types of sampling techniques.
5. What are the uses of chi-square tests?
6. State the need of tabulation.
7. State the various kinds of business letter.
8. Describe the importance of conducting seminars.
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks) Answer any FOUR questions.
9. What are the components of a sound research problem? Illustrate with
examples.
10. Majority of the research designs are exploratory cum descriptive in nature in
business research. How?
11. Explain various scaling techniques in measuring the variables.
12. How do you code data? Discuss with suitable example.
13. What is tabulation of data? How does tabulation help in data analysis? Give
two examples to illustrate your answer.
14. How to write and effective business letter? Illustrate with an example.
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks) (Compulsory)
15. Write the sample research proposal.

PART A (5 5 = 25 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain the term Null hypothesis and Alternative hypothesis.
2. Describe the importance of Business Research.
3. Describe the advantages of case study method of research.
4. What are the different techniques of primary data collections method?
5. Explain the characteristics of Non-paramatric tests.
6. Discuss the importance of charts and diagram in the research report.
7. List out the uses of oral presentation.
8. List out the importance of writing sales Letters.
PART B (4 10 = 40 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Explain the uses of multivariate analysis in Business Research with an
example.
10. How to select the appropriate research mode? Explain with an example.
11. Describe the language and layout of a business letter.
12. What is the procedure for conducting meetings? Discuss with an example.
13. Explain the need and nature of grouped and ungrouped frequency tables.
14. List out the difficulties involved in organising conferences.
PART C (1 15 = 15 marks) (Compulsory)
15. Suppose a study requires you to interview housewives who only speak the
native language of the states. How would you deal with the practical problem of
question translation and recording of answers? Discuss.


PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is experimental research? Give an example.
2. Assume a research problem of your choice and give five different hypotheses.
3. Distinguish between primary data and secondary data. Also, give examples for
each of them.
4. What is discriminant analysis? Give any three of its applications.
5. How will you determine the sample size in a survey?
6. Give a sample sales letter.
7. List the types of technical proposals and explain the content of any one of
them.
8. Give a sample executive summary.
PART B (5 10 = 50 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. List and explain the research problems in the functional areas of management.
10. Explain the steps of questionnaire design.
11. What is telephonic interview? Give the complete guidelines for the telephonic
interview.
12. Illustrate the design of stratified sampling with an example.
13. What is principle component analysis? Explain its steps.
14. The daily demand of a product follows uniform distribution. The observed
frequency of demand values are summarized in the following table. Check
whether the given data follow uniform distribution at a significance level of 0.01.
Observed frequencies of daily demand
Demand (units) :

25

26

27

Observed
frequency :

18

15

12

2
8
1
5

29
11

3
0
1
4

31
17

3
2
1
5

3
3
1
9

3
4
1
4

15. List and explain different tabulation methods of data analysis with suitable
examples.
16. What are types of charts? Explain them with examples.
PART C (20 marks) Compulsory
17. A leading automobile company wants to introduce differential models to suit
to different segments of customers. This requires a careful study of the market
and the buying power of its customers. Design a suitable questionnaire to collect
data to facilitate the introduction of differential models.

PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What are the types of research?
2. Is hypothesis always necessary in research?
3. Enumerate the sources of data.
4. What is sampling?
5. How diagram assists data analysis?
6. Write short notes on chi-square test.
7. Describe circular letters and sales letters.
8. Explain seminar and conference.
PART B (5 10 = 50 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Explain and discuss different types of scale.
10. Explain sampling methods.

11. Explain the central tendency measures used for analysis.


12. Discuss primary and secondary data collection methods in detail.
13. Explain any three parametric tests used in analysis of social research.
14. Explain the types of questions used in a questionnaire.
15. Discuss the rights and powers of a chairman.
16. Explain the criteria to evaluate oral presentations.
PART C (20 marks)
(Compulsory)
17. Explain collection series in business letter writing.
Draft one letter for each stage of collection.

PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. For what specific purposes is basic research important?
2. Define variable. What are the various types of variables?
3. What is sampling? Analyse the advantages and limitations of sampling.
4. Enumerate the need for tabulation.
5. What do you understand about chi-square test? State a research hypothesis
that would call for a chi-square test.
6. Design and identify the essentials of a business letter.
7. What is conference? State its needs.
8. Define Group discussion. Explain its merits and demerits.
PART B (5 10 = 50 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Discuss a situation where research will help you as a manager to make a good
decision.
10. What are the guidelines to be adhered while designing questionnaires?
Discuss.
11. Non probability sampling designs ought to be preferred to probability
sampling designs in some cases. Explain with an example.
12. Describe the various tools and techniques that are used in data analysis and
interpretations.
13. What is bias? How can it be reduced during interviews? Cited with suitable
examples.
14. A customers claim or complaint opens the way for an investigation. It also
becomes an opportunity to right a wrong and to promote goodwill. Comment
and illustrate.
15. Describe the mechanics of writing a research report.
16. What are the different factors to be taken care of while conducting
conference? Explain in detail.
PART C (1 20 = 20 marks) Compulsory.
17. Discuss the role of computer application on the process of business
administration research. State the advantages of software packages.

PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is research? How it is defined?
2. How will a researcher test hypothesis?
3. Write a note of different types of interviews employed in the field of research.
4. Distinguish between primary data and secondary data.
5. Enumerate the use of 'judgement and quota sampling methods'.
6. Identify the need and importance of tabulation.
7. Bring out the use of executive summary.

8. What are the qualities needed for a researcher during oral presentation?
PART B (5 10 = 50 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Examine the relevance of research for decision making in various functional
areas of management.
10. What is research design? What are the various steps involved in its
preparation?
11. Describe the importance of sampling and the steps to be adhered in
sampling selection in research.
12. Enumerate the various types of measurement scales in research. State their
uses.
13. State the assumptions and appropriateness of parametric and nonparametric tests.
14. Discuss the layout of a research report covering all relevant points.
15. Draft a circular to announce the opening of the twenty third branch of your
mobile shops.
16. Examine the different factors to be considered in organising a conference
effectively.
PART C (20 marks) (Compulsory)
17. You, the researcher, are asked by the sales manager to make a market share
forecast presentation to your company's sales department.Prepare a suitable
research proposal. Will you prepare a technical or popular report?

PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Describe the objectives of research.
2. Enumerate formulation of hypothesis.
3. Describe exploratory research.
4. Define sampling unit, Universe.
5. Describe parametric tests.
6. Define frequency table.
7. Enumerate the use of charts in a research report.
8. Describe technical proposal.
PART B - (5 10 = 50 marks) Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry
equal marks.
9. Explain the applications of research in management.
10. Explain various designs of experimental research.
11. Explain different methods under non-probability sampling.
12. Explain various data analysis packages used in computers.
13. Multivariate analysis portrays the research finding better than univariate and
bivariate analysis Discuss .
14. Explain the process of coding with example and explain the importance of
coding.
15. Explain the format of the research report.
16. Explain the aspects effective communication strategies in organizing a
seminar /conference.
PART C (20 marks) Compulsory
17. Prepare a research proposal to understand the impact of economic policy
changes on the sales of consumer goods.

PART A (5 6 = 30 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. What is a hypothesis? How is it formulated?


2. State the objectives and scope of research.
3. What is case study method? In what ways do lab experiments differ from field
experiments.
4. Use of a sample of 5,000 is not necessarily better than one of 500. How would
you react to this statement?
5. Distinguish between parametric test and nonparametric test.
6. Identify the guidelines for preparing bibliography.
7. A business letter will succeed only when it is written from the readers point of
view. Discuss.
8. How do you evaluate oral presentation? Suggest ways for making effective
presentation.
PART B (5 10 = 50 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
9. Describe the source, process identification and selection of a research
problem. Give an appropriate example.
10. Draft the outline of a research design for five proposed research work
considering the salient features of research design.
11. What are the various types of sampling? Discuss their pros and cons.
12. State the meaning and requirements of a good questionnaire. Design a
suitable questionnaire to enable you to study the effects of departmental stores
on prices of an essential consumer goods.
13. Explain the different types of tabulation and its relevance to processing of
data.
14. A research report needs to be well formatted. Comment.
15. Draft a sales letter promoting the sale of the following :
(a) mobile (b) sea-side bungalow (c) a brain tonic (d) washing machine.
16. Describe the purposes and procedures for organising the seminars.
PART C (20 marks) Compulsory
17. The invention of computer has brought in lots of sophistication into
research. Explain with authentic examples.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING-PANRUTI


M.PHIL DEGREE MODEL EXAMINATIONRESEARCH METHODOLOGY
THEORY AND TECHNIQUESTime: 3 Hours Max Marks: 100PART AAnswer All the Questions: 10 X 3 = 30
1. What is correlation?
2.What is the sample size?
3.What is mode?
4.Describe the Co-effi cient of variance.
5 . D e fi n e S k e w n e s s .
6.What is sampling theory?
7.Mention the various measures of central tendency?
8 . D e fi n e s a m p l i n g ?
9.Defi ne Type I and Type II Errors.
10. What are the measures of dispersion?
PART - BAnswer any Five Questions: 5 X 6 = 30
11. What are the essential characteristics of a good questionnaire?
12. Explain the alternative hypothesis in detail.
13. Find out the standard deviation for the following data17, 13, 15, 17, 25, 21, 23.
14. Write short notes on the limitations and cautions in secondarydata collection.
15. State the Empirical relationship between mean, median andmode?
16. Describe the various criterion of test evaluation?
17. What are the general principles of test, measurement andevaluation?

18. What are various points to be kept in mind while selecting andformulating a
research problem?
PART - CAnswer any Two Questions: 2 X 20 = 40
19. What are the various methods of data collection? Discuss indetail along with
their advantages and disadvantages?
20. Explain the various steps of writing of research report in detail?
21. Calculate the Mean, Median and Mode for the followingfrequency distribution.
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