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9/9/2015

InterviewQuestionsElectricalEngineeringTips

Q:Differencebetweenmeggertestequipmentandcontactresistancemetertest

instruments?

A:Meggertestequipmentusedtomeasurecableelectricresistance,conductor

continuity,phaseidentificationwhereascontactresistancemetertestinstruments

usedtomeasurelowresistancelikerelays,contactors.

Q:Whenweconnectthelargecapacitorbankinseries?

A:weconnectlargecapacitorbankinseriestoimprovethevoltagepowersupplyat theloadendinbalancedtransmissionlinewhenthereisconsiderablevoltagedrop alongthebalancedtransmissionlineduetohighimpedanceoftheline.Soinorderto

bringthevoltageattheloadterminalswithinitslimits(i.e(+or­%6)oftheratedhigh

terminalvoltage)thelargecapacitorbankisusedinseries.

Q:Whatiselectricaldiversityfactorinelectricalinstallations?

A:Electricaldiversityfactoristheratioofthesumoftheindividualmaximum

demandsofthevarioussubdivisionsofasystem,orpartofasystem,tothe

maximumdemandofthewholesystem,orpartofthesystem,underconsideration.

Electricaldiversityfactorisusuallymorethanone.

Q:Whyfieldrheostatiskeptinminimumpositionwhilearmaturerheostatat

maximumposition?

A:Inmotorsatthetimeofstartingthearmatureresistanceisintroducedtoreducethe

highstartingcurrentandthefieldresistanceiskeptminimumtohavehighstarting

torque.

Q:WhycomputerhummingsoundoccurredinHTtransmissionline?

A:Thiscomputerhummingsoundiscomingduetoionization(breakdownofairinto

chargedparticles)ofairaroundtransmissionconductor.Thiseffectiscalledas

Coronaeffect,anditisconsideredaspowerloss.

Q:Whatisratedspeed?

A:Atthetimeofmotortakingnormalcurrent(ratedcurrent)thespeedofthemotoris

calledratedspeed.Itisaspeedatwhichanysystemtakesmallcurrentandgive

maximumefficiency.

Q:Whatisdifferentbetweenresistancegroundingsystemandresistance

earthingsystem?

A:Resistancegroundingsystemmeansconnectingtheneutralpointoftheloadto

thegroundtocarrytheresidualcurrentincaseofunbalancedconditionsthroughthe

neutraltothegroundwhereasresistanceearthingsystemisdoneinanelectric

equipmentinordertoprotectheequipmentinoccurenceoffaultinthesystem.

Q:Whyshouldbethefrequency50Hz60Hzonlywhynototherslike45,9556

oranything,whyshouldwemaintainthefrequencyconstantifsowhyitis

9/9/2015

only50Hz60Hz?

InterviewQuestionsElectricalEngineeringTips

A:Wecanhavethefrequencyatanyfrequencyyoulike,butthanyoumustalso makeyourownmotors,highvoltagetransformersoranyotherequipmentyouwantto

use.Wemaintainthefrequencyat50hzor60hzbecausetheworldmaintainsa

standardat50/60hzandtheequipmentsarearemadetooperateatthese

frequency.