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Saint Ferdinand College

College of Criminology
City of Ilagan, Isabela
EXPANDED TERTIARY EDUCATION EQUIVALENCY AND ACCREDITATION
PROGRAM (ETEEAP)
MODULE IN FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION
(CRIME DETECTION AND INVESTIGATION)
Presented in these document are outline of course topic references that serves as
study guide in answering practical or situational scenarios provided in the six learning
modules.
The learning modules are found in the Compilation Two: A Compiled Materials
in Crime Detection and Investigation as the main reference.
Competencies :
The ETEEAP Beneficiary shall be able to:
1. Define/analyze the basic principles of criminal investigation
2. Know/explain the legal implication and requirements to be observed in conducting
criminal investigation
3. Identify/apply the established techniques, tools, SOPs, and phases of criminal
investigation
4. Discuss/appreciate the importance of knowing the systematic method of collecting and
preserving evidence and importance of utilizing scientific knowledge in the field of
criminal investigation

Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation


(Crime Detection and Investigation)
Course Topic Reference
MODULE I
INVESTIGATION IN GENERAL
PART 1
1. Investigation
2. Criminal Investigation
3. Primary Job of the Investigator
4. Tools of Investigation/The three (3) Is
5. Distinction between criminal and Non-Criminal Investigation
6. Deductive and inductive Reasoning distinguished
7. Qualifications of Successful Investigator
8. Objectives of Investigation
PART II
1. Investigative Procedure and Crime Scene Search
2. Investigative Procedure
3. Methods of Search
Part III
1. Crime Scene Investigation
2. Action at the Crime Scene
3. Assignment of Duties of Investigator
4. Releasing the Scene
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE I
OBJECTIVE:
This module aims to inculcate the basic principles of investigation by applying
the same in a given case situation.
PROCEDURE:
1. Read and analyze the facts of the situation below.
Situation:
After ensuring that all doors and windows of her apartment are properly
locked, Maya Man left at early 4:00 AM of June 28, 2013. She put her jewelries,
cash and important documents in a closet found at her bed room.
Before leaving, she informed her neighbor Bantay that she will be out for
the whole day and will be back the next day.

At early 3:00 AM the following day, she received a call from Bantay
through her cell phone that her apartment was ransacked. She immediately rushed
home and discovered that all the windows and doors of her apartment are still
locked. She called up the police station and opened the main door only upon arrival
of the responding policeman.
Maya Man discovered that her television and stereo sets are taken but her
refrigerator and other appliances are still intact. She rushed to her bed room and
discovered that her things are scattered but the jewelries and cash are intact,
however some important documents are missing.
2. After reading, apply the cardinal points of investigation by writing five (5) sample
questions each that are in accord with the facts of the situation presented.
A. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________
B. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________
C. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________
D. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________
E. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________
F. As to __________?
1. ________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________________________

Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation


(Crime Detection and Investigation)
Course Topic Reference
MODULES II, III, AND IV
PROTECTION OF CRIME SCENE AND PRESERVATION OF
PHYSICAL EVIDENCE
PART 1
1. Kinds of Physical Evidence
2. Preliminaries in Preserving the Crime Scene and Physical Evidence
3. Equipment Needed for Crime Scene Search
PART II
1. Common Method of Recording and Preserving the Crime Scene
2. Photographing the Crime Scene
3. Sketch of the Crime Scene
4. Crime Scene Reenactment
5. Reconstruction of the Crime
6. The need for Protecting Physical Evidence
7. Storage of Physical Evidence
8. Collection of Physical Evidence
9. Special Methods of Collection of Specific Physical Evidence
10.

Identification of Physical Evidence

11.

Rules in Evaluating the Materiality of Physical Evidence

12.

Evaluation of Evidence

13.

Rules to be observed before Physical Evidence can be Introduced

into the Trial of Criminal Cases

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE II


OBJECTIVE:

This module aims to inculcate the basic principles in crime sketching.


PROCEDURE:
1. Read and analyze the facts of the situation below.
Situation:
Today, a dead man was found in room 101 at the ground floor of a hotel.
The main door of the room is at the center of north side and with high windows
about 4 feet long and 2 feet high in the three other sides of the room. The body
lays down face up with both feet spread out towards the small table located at
the left side of the main door. The right hand is in the stomach still clutching a
pen with left hand extended on his side.
The body sustained one (1) gunshot wound at the forehead. Found about
four feet and ten inches in the center of the main door is a bullet hole. Also
found about half feet outside the main door is one bullet capsule believed to be
that of .45 cal. The head (back portion) of the dead man was sprawling with
blood. Three (3) pieces of notebooks with trade mark Kathy Leya are located
at the top of the small table.
2. After reading, illustrate thru cross projection sketch the above scenario in accord
with the facts of the situation as presented to include all the necessary details

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE III


OBJECTIVE:
This module aims to inculcate the factors that cause evidence distortion.
PROCEDURE:
1. Get a copy of newspaper and read news items which presents or discusses
evidence distortion.
2. Cut the news item and attach in this Questionnaire for Module III.
3. Based on the news item, answer the following:
a. What are the causes of the evidence distortion?
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

b. Could the distorted evidence still bears evidential value and why?
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

c. What method should be applied to avoid the same or similar distortion of


evidence? Briefly explain your answer.
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE IV


OBJECTIVE:
This module aims to inculcate the correct and proper markings of physical
evidences extracted and collected at the crime scene.
PROCEDURE:

1. Get one sample of light material that could possibly be recovered at the scene of
the crime.
2. Mark properly the material, label and seal the same.
3. Attach the sealed material in this module
4. Answer the following:
a. Describe the material
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
b. Describe the area where the material was marked
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
c. Write the markings made in the material in the space below
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
d. Why did you marked in that area?
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
e. Can you mark the material in some other parts and why?
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
f. What is the purpose of labeling and sealing the marked material?
__________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation


(Crime Detection and Investigation)
Course Topic Reference
MODULE V
PROTECTION OF CRIME SCENE AND PRESERVATION OF
PHYSICAL EVIDENCE
PART 1
1. Methods of Identifying Offenders
2. Basic ways of Identifying Offenders
3. Confession or Admission
4. By Identification and Testimonies of Eyewitnesses
5. By Circumstantial or Indirect Evidence
6. By Associative Evidence
7. By Identification based on Modus Operandi

PART II
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Methods of Tracing/Locating Offenders


Basic Methods of Tracing/Locating Offenders
Use of Informants
By means of Surveillance
By Shadowing or Tailing
By Undercover Assignments
Entrapment and Instigation

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE V


OBJECTIVE:
This module aims to inculcate the correct procedure in conducting actual
surveillance.
PROCEDURE:
1. Choose your subject for surveillance, either person, place or things
2. Write some important details on the background of your subject (use other sheet
of paper if necessary)
__________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

3. Describe how you have conducted the surveillance (use other sheet of paper if
necessary)
__________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. State some important information on the result of your surveillance activity (use
other sheet of paper if necessary)
__________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation


(Crime Detection and Investigation)
Course Topic Reference
MODULE VI
INTERVIEWS AND INTERROGATIONS
PART 1
1. Qualifications of Interviewer
2. Stages of Interview in Criminal Cases
3. The Art of Questioning
4. How to use the right, proper and appropriate Legal Terminology
5. Rules to be observed in Questioning the Subject
6. How to Evaluate Reactions to Interview
7. Types of Interrogation
8. The interrogation technique
9. Attitude to be adopted by the investigator during interrogation
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MODULE V
OBJECTIVE:
This module aims to emphasize the correct way of conducting interrogation.
PROCEDURE:
1. Choose your subject and case title for custodial interrogation
2. In as much as this module requires the conduct of mock custodial interrogation,
supplement the facts that are necessary to built-up your case scenario

3. Based from those facts required in the 1 st two numbers above, write below (or in
a separate sheet of paper and attach the same) sample report of custodial
interrogation in:
a. Question and Answer Form, and
b. Narrative Form