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SPM TRIAL EXAM 2007

ANSWER SCHEME

1
3 (a) The wall of the dam is thicker at the bottom of the dam. 1

(b) Water pressure increases with depth 1

(c) i) to investigate the relationship between the pressure in a 1


liquid and the depth.

ii) Variables
(a) Manipulated : Depth of liquid, y 1
(b) Responding : Pressure in liquid, h
(c) Fixed : Density, p 1

iii) List of apparatus and materials. Measuring cylinder, 1


thistle funnel, rubber tube, manometer, and retort stand.

iv) Arrangement of app.

v) i) The measuring cylinder is completely filled with water.


ii) The thistle funnel is connected to the manometer with a
rubber tube.
iii) The thistle funnel is lowered with the water to a depth y 1
= 10.0m
The manometer reading, h is measured. 1
iv) Step 3 is repeated with values of depth y = 20.0m, 30.0
cm, 40.0 cm and 50.0 cm. 1

Depth, y h (cm)
(cm)
10 h min
20 1
2
30
40
SPM TRIAL EXAM 2007
ANSWER SCHEME
Paper 3

NUM. ANSWER MARKS

3
1(a) i)mass // m 1

ii)rise in temperature //Ө 1

iii)density//(rate of) energy supplied 1

(b) V/cm3 m/g 1/m / g-1 T/ºC Ө/ ºC


50 50 0.020 80 55
60 60 0.017 75 50
70 70 0.014 66 41
80 80 0.013 60 35
90 90 0.011 51 26

√ M1 column and label for v,m,1/m,T&Ө shown 1


√ M2 units correct 1
√ M3 all values for v correct 1
√ M4 all values for m correct 1
√ M5 all values for 1/m correct 1
√ M6 all values for 1/m 3 d.p. 1
√ M7 all values for Ө correct. 1

Num. of √ Marks
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1

√ A y axis labeled Ө and x axis labeled 1/m


(c) √ B unit for y axis and x axis are correct
√ C even and constant scale for graph
√√D D 5 points are plotted correctly
√ D 4 or 3 points are plotted correctly
√ E the best straight line is drawn
√ F size of graph is more than half of graph paper

Num. of √ Marks
1
7 5
1
6 4
1
5 4

4
4 3 1
3 3 1
2 2
1 1

- Ө is directly propotional to 1/m


Or
- Ө increases with 1/m
(base on graph plotted by student) 1

2(a) i) x is inversely proportional to a 1

ii) If a = 2.0 m 1
1/a = ½ 0.5 m-1 1
From the graph x = 1.5 m 1

iii) Triangle = 1.5/0.6 = 2.5 1


1
1

1
(b) λ = ax /D = 2.5/D m 1
1
Gradient = x/1/x = ax = 2.5/5 = 0.5 m 1

This experiment is done in an open space to reduce the 1


effect of reflection.