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Vehicle Dynamics

ME5670

Instructor: Ashok Kumar Pandey


Email: ashok@iith.ac.in

Class timing
Monday: 2:30 4:00 PM
Thursday: 4:00 5:30 PM

Date: 01/01/2015

Fundamental Definitions
Vehicle Dynamics

It concerns with the movements of vehicles on a road surface

Physical condition

Acceleration and braking, ride, and turning

Dynamic behavior

Forces on the vehicle due to tires, gravity, and aerodynamics.


Vehicle and its components are studied to determine forces
produced by the sources at particular maneuver and trim
condition

Objective

How the vehicle responds to these forces.


Representation
One mass
approximation
Located at its C.G.
For acceleration,
braking, and most
turning analysis.

Two masses
approximation

For ride analysis,


wheels are treated
as separate
lumped masses
Body mass as sprung mass.
Wheel mass as unsprung mass.

Vehicle Dynamics Interaction


Vehicle dynamics
Isolation

It implies the rejection of


disturbance

Separating driver from


the disturbances
Internally
generated
disturbance

Control

Engine vibration and noise

Externally
generated
disturbance

Aerodynamic interaction
(crosswinds, wakes, etc)

Road undulation

Forces/effects

Absence of disturbance
amplification

Path

Speed

Stability
Agility
Fidelity
Linearity

Vertical
Longitudinal
Lateral

Refinement

Ride

Subjective

Handling

Objective

Performance

Course Content
Vehicle Mechanics Forces under static and dynamic equilibrium.
Free body diagram of different vehicle components such as tire, braking, suspension,
chassis, car body, gear box, clutch system, power steering, chassis, car body.
Simple linearized rigid models of different components.
Dynamic stability and the vehicle performance under different operating conditions such
as
- understeering, neutralsteering, oversteering, and
- factors associated with the vehicle-terrain interaction.
Concept of vehicle ride comfort.
Introduction to random excitation and electronics stability controls.
Performance characteristics of a comfort vehicle ride.

Introduction to the development of one-dimensional vehicle driveline using different


softwares such as MATLAB Simulink/ADAMS/Carsim.
Introduction to advanced topics in the accurate modelling of vehicle dynamics
Nonlinear models considering large deformation and material nonlinearity.

Grading Scheme
Attendence: 10%
Assignments:15%
Mid Term: 30%
Project report: 15%
Final Term: 30%

References
1. Thomas Gillespie, Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics, SAE, 1992.
2. Dean Karnopp, Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and Control, Second Edition, CRC
Press, 2013.
3. Giancarlo Genta, Motor Vehicle Dynamics-Modeling and Simulation, World
Scientific, 2013

3. Giancarlo Genta and Lorenzo Morello, The Automotive Chasis- Volume 1 and 2,
Springer, 2009.
4. John C. Dixon, Tires, Suspension and Handling, SAE, 1996.
Herb Adams, Chassis Engineering: Chassis Design, Building & Tuning for High
Performance Handling, Brownian Dynamics, HP Trade, 1992
Softwares: Carsim, BikeSIm, ADAMS, SYSTEM MODELER/MAPLESIM, MATLAB
SIMULINK, SOLID EDGE/UNIGRAPHICS,