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A AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

DIVISION 15: MECHANICAL work

B. HVAC WORKS

Section 15010:

Basic HVAC Requirements

Section 15030:

Electrical Requirements for Mechanical Works

Section 15040:

Builder's Work

Section 15125:

Pipe Expansion Joints

Section 15250:

HVAC Insulation

Section 15510:

HVAC Piping

Section 15540:

HVAC Pumps

Section 15650:

Air Cooled Helical Rotary Screw Chillers

Section 15700:

Closed expansion tank

Section 15830:

Fan Coil Units

Section 15850:

Air Handling Equipment

Section 15854:

Air Handling Units

Section 15891:

Metal Ductwork

Section 15910:

Ductwork Accessories

Section 15932:

Air Outlet and Inlets

Section 15970:

Automatic Control

Section 15990:

Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division 15 Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

Division

15 – Mechanical work

Section

15010 - Basic HVAC Requirements

Part 1: General

1 01

RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of Contract, including General and Supplementary Conditions Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this and the other sections of the project specifications.

1 02

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

A. The work specified in this Section consists of complete design, load calculations, detailed engineering, supply, install, operate, commission and warranty for heating, ventilating and air conditioning system, etc. to be indicated on the drawings and as specified herein.

B. Provide all labour, equipment and materials described on item A or mentioned in the Specification, together with all items necessary for or incidental to the completion of all work.

C. All adjustments shall be made and the systems shall be turned over to the Owner in proper working order.

D. Work include but is not limited to the following:

1. Air handling units.

2. Chilled water pumps

3. Fan coil units

4. Split air conditioned units

5. Roof-mounted exhaust.

6. Sound attenuators.

7. Air handling unit condensate drain pipe.

8. Air supply, return and exhaust duct systems.

9. Strainers.

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

10. Registers, linear diffusers, grilles, and diffusers.

11. Monitoring and control equipment.

12. Valve hangers, accessories and specialties.

13. Thermometers and gages.

14. Fire dampers, smoke dampers.

15. Complete systems for automatic temperature controls.

16. Motors and controllers.

17. Testing, balancing and adjusting of all systems.

E. Symbols: Except as otherwise indicated, refer to the ASHRAE “Handbook of Fundamentals” for definitions of symbols used on the drawings to show mechanical work.

F. Heating building & indoor conditions

The mechanical work, when adjusted for summer operations, shall be able to produce conditioning to maintain the followings indoor ambient conditions in the total of air conditioned occupied spaces, under the following conditions relative humidity:

1. conditioned areas

22 + 1 Dgree C

45% + 5% RH

F1.

Design Conditions and Temperature Design Contol:

Summer:

 
 

DBT

45 o C

WBT

24 o C

 

Winter:

10 o C

F2.

Master Datum

A

master Datum for the Contract will be defined at the Site by the

engineer’s representative. The contractor shall ensure that this master datum and any temporary survey monuments he may establish are protected any interference’s.

F3.

Climatic Conditions

 

-

The maximum average temperature is 45 o C. Occurring in July.

-

The minimum average temperature is 10 o C. Occurring in January.

-

Temperature throughout the year ranges between above minimum and maximum average.

All

areas

NC 35

Offices and meeting rooms

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NC 25

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

Noise levels emitted from air intakes and exhausts shall not exceed 30 NC measured at 10 m from the building.

G. Manufacturer’s Representative: The Contractor shall procure the services of factory-trained representatives to assist in equipment testing, adjusting and start- up where specified in a Section of the Specifications covering a particular piece of equipment.

1 03 SUMMARY

A. This Section specifies the basic requirements for HVAC installations and includes requirements common to more than one section of Division 15.

1 04

QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Manufacturer’s Recommendations: Where installation procedures or any part thereof are required to be in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer of the material being installed, or as requested by the Engineer, printed copies of these recommendations shall be furnished to the Engineer prior to installation. Installation of the item will not be allowed to proceed until the recommendations are received. Failure to furnish these recommendations can be cause for rejection of the material.

B. Multiple Units: When two or more units of materials or equipment of the same type or class are required, these units shall be products of one manufacturer.

C. Factory testing for locally manufactured/assembled equipment is to comply with the relevant standards’ recommendations and to be witnessed by the Engineer.

D. Factory testing for equipment obtained from abroad is to be witnessed by the Engineer. Factory testing shall be for at least the number of equipment indicated below. The units that will be tested shall be selected by the Engineer. Witness test is to comply with the relevant standards’ recommendations. Submit report including all testing items, testing procedures and relevant standards. The following equipment shall be tested at factory:

-

- Air Handling Units,

- Fan coil units

Pump unit,

one unit.

three units.

three units.

1 05 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS

A. In addition to the requirements shown or specified, comply with the latest current applicable standards, specifications or codes published by the following organizations:

AGA American Gas Association. AGGIH American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists. AMCA Air Moving and Conditioning Association. ANSI American National Standard Institute. ARI Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute. ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

ASME

Conditioning Engineers. American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials.

AWS

American Welding Society.

BS

British Standards.

DIN

Deutsches Institut fur Normalisierung.

FM

Factory Mutual.

IBR

Institute of Boiler and Radiator Manufactures.

ISO

Internation standardization Organization.

MSS

Manufacturers Standardizatio Society of the Valve and

NBS

Fittings Industry, Inc. National Bureau of Standards.

NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association.

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association.

OSHA

Occupational Safty and Health Association.

SMACNA

Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractor,s.

UL

Underwritter’s Laboratories Inc.

1 06 ENGINEER’S DRAWINGS

A. Engineer’s Drawings are diagrammatic and are not to be scaled. Measurements are to be made from established bench marks.

B. Engineer’s Drawings are to serve as working drawings for Contractor’s shop drawings. Since the layout of equipment, accessories, specialties, ducting and piping systems are diagrammatic, they do not necessarily indicate every required valve, fitting, trap, transition, or similar items required for a complete installation. Provide such items as are required for proper and complete installation of the work.

C. No portion of the work requiring a shop drawing or sample submission is to be commenced until submission has been reviewed by the Engineer. All such portions of the work are to be in accordance with reviewed shop drawings and samples.

D. Check all architectural, structural, electrical, plumbing, and fire fighting drawings in laying out work to verify adequacy of space in which work is to be installed. Notify the Engineer where space appears inadequate.

1 07 SHOP DRAWINGS

A. Two months prior to commencement of work, submit to the Engineer for review and approval, detailed, dimensioned shop drawings.

B. Shop drawings are to be new drawings prepared by the Contractor and are not to be reproductions or tracings of the Engineer’s Drawings.

C. In preparing shop drawings, establish lines and levels for the work specified and check the drawings to avoid interference with structural features and other works.

D. Shop drawings are to show to-scale dimensions of equipment, pipes, ducts, etc. in plan and elevation with clearances and relation of same to space assigned.

E. Immediately call to the attention of the Engineer any interferences and/or space limitations for clarification in writing.

F. Shop drawings are to include floor layouts drawing to a minimum scale of 1/100 with Mechanical Rooms layout to a minimum scale of 1/50, showing all equipment and piping to be installed. For critical areas, provide section drawings to a minimum scale

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

of 1/50.

1 08 COORDINATION DRAWINGS

A. Shop drawings are to include a set of composite coordination drawings, in plan and sections, showing major elements, components, and systems of HVAC equipment and materials in relationship with other systems, installations, and other building components. Drawings to be to an accurate scale of 1/50 or larger.

B. Prepare floor plans, elevations, sections, and details to conclusively coordinate and integrate all installations. Show space requirements for installation and access. Indicate locations where space is limited, and where sequencing and coordination of installations are of importance to the efficient flow of the Work, including, but not necessarily limited to, the following:

1. Proposed locations of piping, duct work, equipment, and materials. Include the following:

a. Planned piping layout, including valve and specialty locations and valve stem movement.

b. Planned duct system layout, including elbow radii and duct accessories.

c. Clearances for installing and maintaining insulation.

d. Clearances for servicing and maintaining equipment, including space for equipment disassembly required for periodic maintenance.

e. Equipment service connections and support details.

f. Exterior wall and foundation penetrations.

g. Fire-rated wall and floor penetrations.

h. Sizes and location of required concrete pads and bases.

i. Sizes and locations of access panels and doors.

2. Scheduling, sequencing, movement, and positioning of large equipment into the building during construction.

3. Floor plans, elevations, and details to indicate penetrations in floors, walls, and ceilings and their relationship to other penetrations and installations.

4. Reflected ceiling plans to coordinate and integrate installations, air outlets and inlets, light fixtures, communication systems components, sprinklers, and other ceiling-mounted items.

1 09 RECORD DOCUMENTS

A. Prepare record documents and marked-up drawings to indicate revisions made during the progress of the Work. Indicate the following installed conditions:

1. Ductwork mains and branches, size and location, for both exterior and interior; locations of dampers and other control devices; filters, boxes, and terminal

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

units requiring periodic maintenance or repair.

2. Mains and branches of piping systems, with valves and control devices located and numbered, concealed unions located, and with items requiring maintenance located (i.e., strainers, expansion joints, tanks, etc.). Valve location diagrams, complete with valve tag chart Refer to Division 15 Section “Mechanical Identification”.

3. Equipment locations (exposed and concealed), dimensioned from prominent building lines.

4. Approved substitutions, Contract Modifications, and actual equipment and materials installed.

B. Mark Specifications to indicate accepted substitutions; Change Orders; actual equipment and materials installed.

1 10 MAINTENANCE MANUALS

A. Prepare maintenance manuals in accordance with Division 1 Section “PROJECT CLOSEOUT” . In addition the following information for equipment items:

1. Brief description of each system and piece of equipment with basic operating features. Include descriptive literature of equipment and components with manufacturer’s name, model number, and capacity rating. Include description of function, normal operating characteristics and limitations, performance curves, engineering data and tests, and complete nomenclature and commercial numbers of replacement parts.

2. Manufacturer’s printed operating procedures to include start-up, break-in, and routine and normal operating instructions; regulation, control, stopping, shutdown, and emergency instructions; and summer and winter operating instructions.

3. Maintenance procedures for routine preventative maintenance and troubleshooting, disassembly, repair, and reassembly; aligning and adjusting instructions.

4. Servicing requirements and instructions.

5. Manufacturer’s list of general spare parts for every piece of equipment, with unit prices.

6. Manufacturer’s list of recommended spare parts for one year of operation for every piece of equipment, with unit prices.

7. Detailed and simplified one line, colour coded flow diagram of each system with tag number, location and function of each valve and instrument.

8. Detailed and simplified colour coded as-installed wiring diagrams of motor controllers and automatic controls with tag number, location of each instrument and electrical device with description of sequence of operation and interlocks.

B. Provide six copies of the operation and maintenance instruction manuals for HVAC systems, in bound booklet form.

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

C. Submit in draft form for review and approval prior to final issue and at least four weeks in advance of completion date of the system.

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11

SUBMITTALS

A. General: Follow the procedures specified in relevant section in Division 1 Section “SUBMITTALS”.

B. Equipment and Materials Lists: Approximately 30 days after award of Contract, submit lists of equipment and materials, with names of proposed manufacturers and drawings of interrelated items. All submissions are to show submission dates.

C. Samples: Submit to the Engineer for approval samples of materials as requested. Samples of workmanship are also to be performed as required by the Engineer.

D. Manufacturer’s Literature: Submit manufacturer descriptive literature, data sheets, and shop and installation drawings of equipment and materials, showing type, arrangement, component parts, installation dimensions, operating clearances, weights, materials, construction, and performance information. The performance is to include capacities, rpm, bhp, pressure drop, design and operating pressure, temperatures, and similar data. Complete electrical data and characteristics, including power conditions, power requirements, motor, drive, testing information, and identifying types and numbers, are to be included. Where pertinent. Electrical diagrams are to be provided.

E. Submit manufacturer’s certified drawings, templates and installation instructions for all equipment showing operating weights, weight distribution, location of vibration isolation mounts, size and location of anchor bolts, drainage and other openings, and other pertinent data to assist in design of bases and supports.

F. Mark clearly in ink catalogues, pamphlets and manufacturer’s drawings for proper identification of item proposed and indicate, with reasons, deviations from the Specification and the Drawings.

G. Submit for approval in letter form, materials not covered by drawings e.g. pipes, fittings and incidentals giving ratings and names of manufacturers.

H. No equipment or materials are to be purchased or delivered to Site until the required submittals have been approved.

I. Submit a listing of spare parts for all HVAC equipment, as recommended by the manufacturer, for keeping in stock, including sources of supply. Spare parts list shall be for two years and to be submitted with the bid documents.

J. During the progress of the work, submit shop drawings, to 1/20 or 1/10 scale, as required by the Engineer and as specified.

1 12 SUBSTITUTION OF EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS

A. Reference to equipment or material by name, make or catalogue number and lists of approved manufacturers are to be interpreted as establishing a standard of quality and performance and are not intended to eliminate equivalent products of other manufacturers.

B. Equipment

Selection:

Equipment

of

greater

or

larger

power,

dimensions,

 

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

capacities, and ratings may be furnished provided such proposed equipment is approved in writing and connecting mechanical and electrical services, circuit breakers, conduit, motors, bases, and equipment spaces are increased. No additional costs will be approved for these increases, if larger equipment is approved. If minimum energy ratings or efficiencies of the equipment are specified, the equipment must meet the design requirements and commissioning requirements.

1 13

EQUIPMENT NAMEPLATES

A. Each piece of equipment is to have a conspicuous certified nameplate, permanently attached at factory, printed or stamped with name of manufacturer, product name, model number, serial number, date of manufacture, capacity, operating and power characteristics, performance rating or duty, pressure, temperature or other limitations, labels of tested compliance, and similar essential data. Nameplates are to be in an accessible location.

1 14

SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING

A. Coordinate HVAC equipment installation with other building components and trades.

B. Arrange for chases, slots, and openings in building structure during progress of construction to allow for HVAC installations.

C. Coordinate the installation of required supporting devices and set sleeves in poured-in-place concrete and other structural components as they are constructed.

D. Sequence, coordinate, and integrate installations of HVAC materials and equipment for efficient flow of the work. Coordinate installation of large equipment requiring positioning prior to closing in the building.

E. Coordinate connection of electrical services.

F. Coordinate requirements for access panels and doors where HVAC items requiring access are concealed behind finished surfaces. (Access panels and doors are specified in Division 8 Section “Access Doors”.

G. Coordinate installation of identifying devices after completing covering and painting where devices are applied to surfaces. Install identifying devices prior to installing acoustical ceilings and similar concealment.

1 15

COORDINATION WITH OTHER TRADES

A. Cooperate with other trades to permit their work to be installed satisfactorily and with minimum interference or delay.

B. Coordinate space requirements with other trades, where work will be installed in close proximity to and may interfere with work of other trades. Coordinate space requirements in shafts, chases, double partitions and hung ceilings.

C. Furnish to other trades templates, patterns, setting out plans and shop details

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

necessary for proper installation and coordination of adjacent work.

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16

WARRANTIES

A. Refer to Project General Requirement relevant sections for procedures and submittal requirements for warranties.

B. All work is to be guaranteed for a period of one year dated from the final acceptance of the work by the Owner unless specific components have longer warranty periods.

C. Repairs or replacements made under the guarantee shall bear an additional one year guarantee dated from the final acceptance of the repair or replacement.

D. Provide complete warranty information for each item to include product or equipment; date of beginning of warranty or bond; duration of warranty or bond; and names, addresses, and telephone numbers and procedures for filing a claim and obtaining warranty services.

E. The guarantee is to cover perfect mechanical operation of systems, acceptable noise and vibration levels, reasonable consumption of power, fuel and water.

F. If during the guarantee period any equipment or material proves defective or any part of a system fails to function properly, equipment is to be replaced and defects and malfunctions corrected as directed by the Engineer, and perfect attainment of temperatures and humilities within specified design conditions.

G. If during the guarantee period any piece of equipment is replaced or rebuilt, the guarantee period for this equipment is to be extended for a new period equal to the original guarantee period.

H. During the guarantee period, provide necessary skills and labor to assure proper operation and to provide regular and preventive maintenance for equipment and controls, on a continuous 24 hour basis.

I. Act promptly to correct problems arising in operation of equipment or system.

J. Provide Owner with monthly inspection certificates of equipment, record findings on a check list and certify that each piece of equipment has been examined, is operating as intended and has been maintained as by manufacture.

K. Spare parts for normal wear and tear during guarantee period are to be provided by Contractor.

Part 2 – Products (Not Applicable) Part 3 - Execution

3 01

DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

A. Deliver products to the project properly identified with names, model numbers, types, grades, compliance labels, and other information needed for identification.

B. In addition to the specific requirements for delivery, storage, and handling of materials and equipment specified in the respective Division 15 Sections, the following are general requirements that must be adhered to:

1. Deliver and store materials and equipment in manufacturer’s original packing, shipping containers, crating, shipping skids, etc. Avoid crushing or bending containers.

2. Handle materials and equipment carefully to prevent damage, breakage, denting or scoring.

3. Protect stored materials and equipment from the weather, dirt, fumes, water, construction debris, and physical damage from construction traffic.

4. When possible, store inside, under cover, and in a clean dry place. When not stored in original containers separate and cover with clean dust sheets or polythene.

5. Where necessary by manufacturer’s requirements, store materials and/or equipment at recommended temperatures and humilities to prevent damage.

6. Where it is only possible to store outside, elevate above grade, and enclose with durable, waterproof wrapping.

7. Do not stack containers or store in such manner that may cause damage.

8. Store equipment on level surface to prevent twisting.

9. Prevent contact with cement or lime.

10. Do not pack in straw unless delivered in this manner from manufacturer

11. Comply with manufacturer’s rigging and installation instructions for unloading and moving to final location.

12. Do not install damaged materials or equipment, remove from Site and replace with new.

3 02

ROUGH-IN

A. Verify final locations for rough-ins with field measurements and with the requirements of the actual equipment to be connected.

B. Refer to equipment specifications in other Sections for rough-in requirements.

303 HVAC INSTALLATIONS

A. Coordinate HVAC equipment and materials installation with other building components, and other trades.

B. Verify all dimensions by field measurements.

C. Arrange for and provide templates or detailed dimensions for chases, slots, and

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

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Section 15010

openings in the floors, walls, partitions, and other building components, to allow for HVAC installations.

D. Coordinate the installation of required supporting devices and sleeves to be set in poured-in-place concrete and other structural components, as they are constructed. Provide supplemental steel required for supporting or hanging of HVAC equipment.

E. Sequence, coordinate, and integrate installations of HVAC materials and equipment for efficient flow of the Work. Give particular attention to large equipment requiring positioning prior to closing-in the building.

F. Coordinate the cutting and patching of building components to accommodate the installation of HVAC equipment and materials.

G. Where mounting heights are not detailed or dimensioned, install HVAC services and overhead equipment to provide the maximum headroom possible.

H. Install HVAC equipment to facilitate servicing, maintenance and repair or replacement of equipment components. Connect equipment for ease of disconnecting, using unions or flange connections, with minimum of interference with other installations. Extend grease fittings to an accessible location.

I. Coordinate the installation of HVAC materials and equipment above ceilings with suspension system, light fixtures, and other installations.

J. Install systems, materials, and equipment to conform with approved submittal data, including coordination drawings, to greatest extent possible. Conform to arrangements indicated by the Contract Documents, recognizing that portions of the Work are shown only in diagrammatic form. Where coordination requirements conflict with individual system requirements, refer conflict to the Engineer.

K. Install systems, materials, and equipment level, parallel and perpendicular to other building systems and components, where installed exposed in finished spaces. except where otherwise indicated.

L. Arrange for and provide templates or detailed dimensions for the installation of access panels or doors where work is concealed behind finished surfaces. Access panels and doors are specified Division 8 Section “ACCESS DOORS”. Identify access doors to indicate location of concealed work.

M. Install systems, materials, and equipment giving right-of-way priority to piping systems required to be installed at a specified slope.

N. Provide all electrical field wiring between components of packaged equipment shipped loose in accordance with the requirements of Division 16.

3 04 CUTTING AND PATCHING

A. Perform cutting and patching in accordance with Division 1 Section “CUTTING AND PATCHING”. In addition to the Requirements Specifications in this section, the following requirements apply.

B. Protection of Installed Work: During cutting and patching operations, protect adjacent installations.

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

ODAC

Section 15010

C. Perform cutting, fitting, and patching of HVAC equipment and materials required to:

1. Uncover Work to provide for installation of ill-timed Work.

2. Remove and replace defective Work.

3. Remove and replace Work not conforming to requirements of the Contract Documents.

4. Remove samples of installed Work as specified for testing.

5. Install equipment and materials in existing structures.

6. Upon written instructions from the Engineer, uncover and restore Work to provide for Engineer observation of concealed Work.

D. Cut, remove and legally dispose of selected HVAC equipment, components, and materials as indicated, including but not limited to removal of HVAC piping, and other HVAC items made obsolete by the new Work.

E. Protect the structure, furnishings, finishes, and adjacent materials not indicated or scheduled to be removed.

F. Provide and maintain temporary partitions or dust barriers adequate to prevent the spread of dust and dirt to adjacent areas.

G. Patch existing finished surfaces and building components using new materials matching existing materials and experienced Installers. Installers’ qualifications refer to the materials and methods required for the surface and building components being patched. Refer to Division 1 Section “DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS” for definition of “experienced Installer”.

H. Patch finished surfaces and building components using new materials specified for the original installation and experienced Installers. Installers’ qualifications refer to the materials and methods required for the surface and building components being patched. Refer to Division 1 Section “DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS” for definition of “experienced Installer”.

I. Cut, channel, chase, and drill floors, walls, partitions, ceilings, and other surfaces necessary for HVAC installations. Perform cutting by skilled mechanics of the trades involved.

J. Repair cut surfaces to match adjacent surfaces.

3 05 INSERTS AND SLEEVES

A. Inserts in concrete for supports are to be as specified in other HVAC Specification sections.

B. Layout the work in accordance with approved shop drawings. Furnish and set in place, in advance of placing of slabs or construction of walls, all inserts and sleeves necessary complete the Work.

C. Ducts Sleeves: Where ducts pass through walls and partitions, provide sheet metal

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Section 15010

sleeves and pack tight between duct and opening with fiber glass. The exposed side of ductwork is to have galvanized 40 mm angle iron closure around duct. The angle irons are to be secured to the wall construction.

3

06 EQUIPMENT BASES AND SUPPORTS

A. All floor mounted equipment and apparatus are to be provided with necessary concrete pedestals, bases, pads, curbs and anchor blocks as shown or required. Provide anchor bolts, slab inserts, supports, cradles, saddles, hangers and sleeves as may be required or necessary for proper support or attachment to the building structure for all piping, conduit, equipment and apparatus.

B. Concrete pads are to be 100 mm high unless otherwise indicated, with steel reinforcing and necessary bolts, anchors, etc. Where concrete pad is set directly on concrete floor, provide dowels in floor to tie base to floor. Coordinate size, locations, anchor bolts, etc.

C. Construct concrete equipment bases of dimensions indicated, but not less than 100 mm larger than supported unit in both directions. Follow supported equipment manufacturer’s setting templates for anchor bolt and tie locations.

D. Use 20.7 MPa, 28-day compressive strength concrete and reinforcement as specified Division 3 Section “CAST IN – PLACE CONCRETE”

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07 ERECTION OF METAL SUPPORTS AND ANCHORAGE

A. Cut, fit, and place miscellaneous metal supports accurately in location, alignment, and elevation to support and anchor HVAC materials and equipment.

B. Field Welding: Comply with AWS Dl.l “Structural Welding Code – Steel”.

3

08 GROUTING

A. Use non shrink, nonmetallic grout to ASTM C 1107, Grade B, specifications.

1. Characteristics: Post-hardening, volume-adjusting, dry, hydraulic-cement grout, non staining, non corrosive, non gaseous, and recommended for interior and exterior applications.

2. Design Mix: 34.50MPa, 28-day compressive strength.

3. Packaging: Premixed and factory-packaged.

B. Clean surfaces that will come into contact with grout.

C. Provide forms for placement of grout, as required.

D. Avoid air entrapment when placing grout.

E. Place grout to completely fill equipment bases.

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AL FATEH UNIVERSITY Division (15) Mechanical work

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Section 15010

F. Place grout on concrete bases to provide a smooth bearing surface for equipment.

G. Place grout around anchors.

H. Cure placed grout according to manufacturer’s printed instructions.

3

09 PROTECTION OF WORK

A. Keep all pipe openings closed by means of plugs or caps to prevent the entrance of foreign matter, and cover all equipment and apparatus as required to protect them against dirt, water, chemical or mechanical damage both before and after installation.

B. Any equipment or apparatus damaged prior to final acceptance of the Work are to be restored to its original condition or replaced.

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10 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ROOM PRECAUTIONS

A. No ductwork or piping for heating, refrigeration or any other piping systems not included as part of the electrical work will be allowed to be installed in any switch gear room, transformer vault, telephone room or electric closet.

B. In Mechanical Rooms, where piping runs over motor control centers or other electrical equipment, provide a sheet metal shield or gutter. Submit shop drawings showing proposed shielding at each location.

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11 PAINTING AND FINISHING

A. Refer to Division 9 Section “PAINTING” for field painting requirements.

B. Damage and Touch Up: Repair marred and damaged factory-painted finishes with materials and procedures to match original factory finish.

3

12 CLEANING

A. Refer to Division 1 Section “CLEANING”, for general requirements for finial cleaning.

B. Refer to Division 15 Section, “Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing” for requirements for cleaning fill, strainers, and HVAC system prior to final acceptance.

a. INITIAL OPERATION OF SYSTEMS

A. After installation is complete, operate systems for time required to complete specified Testing, and Adjusting, Balancing to demonstrate performance in accordance with design requirements and to provide instruction and training of Owner’s designated personnel.

B. Obtain approval of commencement date.

b. NOISE AND VIBRATION

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Section 15010

A. Equipment is to operate without objectionable noise or vibration under all conditions of load. Noise and/or vibration noticeable outside a room in which moving equipment is installed, or annoyingly noticeable inside the room, will be considered objectionable.

B. Noise level resulting from equipment and heard in the same building or nearby buildings is not to exceed 40 decibels as measured with a standard sound level meter on the “A” scale.

C. Conditions considered objectionable are to be corrected by approved means and as directed.

D. Noise is to be corrected by the addition of sound attenuators in ducts, internal duct lining, and installation of sound barriers or dampeners on walls and/or ceilings of equipment rooms or by other method to produce satisfactory noise levels.

E. Vibration control is to be accomplished by the use of approved vibration isolators applied and installed in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.

c.

TRAINING

A. Instruct and train Owner’s designated personnel in the operation and maintenance of every part, device and piece of equipment in the systems, with emphasis on proper start-up and shut-down procedures, preventive maintenance and lubrication procedures with recommended lubricants, overhaul and maintenance methods, adjustment and calibration of instruments and controls, use of special tools and safe practices.

B. All expenses for training Owner’s personnel is to be at Contractor’s own account.

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Section 15030

Division (15) Mechanical Work Section 15030- Electrical Requirements for HVAC works

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.01 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Separate electrical components and materials required for field installation and electrical connections are specified.

B. Motor control centers and motor control panels are specified under Division 16.

1.02 SCOPE OF WORK

A. This Section specifies the basic requirements for electrical components which are an integral part of packaged HVAC equipment. These components include, but are not limited to factory installed motors, starters, and disconnect switches furnished as an integral part of packaged HVAC equipment.

B. Specific electrical requirements (i.e. horsepower and electrical characteristics) for HVAC equipment are specified within the individual equipment specification sections, or are scheduled on the Drawings.

1.03 CODES AND STANDARDS

A. Electrical components of HVAC equipment to conform to the following codes and standards:

NEMA Standards MG1: Motors and Generators

NEMA Standards ICS 2: Industrial Control Devices, Controllers, and Assemblies

NEMA Standard 250: Enclosed Switches

National Electrical Code (NFPA 70)

1.04 SUBMITTALS

A. No separate submittal is required. Submit product data for motors, starters, and other electrical components with submittal data required for the equipment for which it serves, as required by the individual equipment specification sections.

1.05 QUALITY ASSURANCE

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Section 15030

A. Electrical components and materials to be UL labeled.

PART 2 – PRODUCTS

2.01 MOTORS

A. The requirements specified in the paragraphs below are basic requirements for simple or common motors. For special motors, more detailed and specific requirements are specified in the individual equipment specifications.

B. Torque Characteristics. to be sufficient to satisfactorily accelerate the driven loads.

C. Motor Sizes to be large enough so that the driven load will not require the motor to operate in the service factor range.

D. 2-Speed Motors to have two separate windings on poly-phase motors.

E. Temperature Rating to be rated for 40 o C environment with maximum 50 o C temperature rise for continuous duty at full load (Class A insulation).

F. Starting Capability: Frequency of starts to be as indicated by automatic control system. Frequency of starts to be not less than 5 evenly time- spaced starts per hour for manually controlled motors. Time delay starting requirements are specified in the individual equipment specifications.

G. Service Factor to be 1.15 for poly-phase motors and 1.35 for single phase motors.

H. Motor Construction to be NEMA Standard No. 48 or 54. Use driven equipment manufacturer’s standards to suit specific application.

I. Frames: NEMA Standard No. 48 or 54. Use driven equipment manufacturer’s standards to suit specific application.

J. Bearings to be ball or roller bearings with inner and outer shaft seals; re- graspable, except permanently sealed when motor is normally inaccessible for regular maintenance; and designed to resist thrust loading where belt drives or other drives produce lateral or axial thrust in motor. For fractional horsepower, light duty motors, sleeve type bearings are permitted.

K. Enclosure Type: To be open drip-proof motors for indoor use where satisfactorily housed or remotely located during operation; guarded drip- proof motors where exposed to contact by employees or building occupants; weather protected type I for outdoor use, and type II where not housed.

L. Overload Protection: To be built-in thermal overload protection and, where indicated, internal sensing device suitable for signaling and stopping motor at starter.

M. Noise Rating: “Quiet”.

N. Efficiency: “Energy Efficient” motors to have a minimum efficiency as scheduled in accordance with IEEE Standard 112, test method B. If

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Section 15030

efficiency than “average standard industry motors:, in accordance with IEEE Standard 112, test method B.

O. Nameplate to indicate the full identification of manufacturer, ratings, characteristics, construction, special features and similar information.

2.02 STARTERS, ELECTRICAL DEVICES, AND WIRING

A. Motor Starter Enclosures to be NEMA 12, general purpose enclosures with padlock ears, except in outdoor or wet locations where they are to be NEMA 3R with conduit hubs, or units in hazardous locations where they are to have NEC proper class and division.

B. Type and Size of Motor Starter to be as recommended by motor manufacturer and the driven equipment manufacturer for applicable protection and start-up condition.

C. Manual Switches to have pilot lights and extra positions for multi-speed motors.

D. Overload Protection to be provided.

E. Magnetic Starters to be maintained contact push buttons and pilot lights, properly arranged for single speed or multi-speed operation as indicated.

F. Trip-Free Thermal Overload Relays to be provided on each phase.

G. Interlocks, Pneumatic Switches and Similar Devices to be as required for coordination with control requirements of Division-15 Building Management System section.

H. Built-in 120 Volts Control Circuit Transformer to be fused from line side, where service exceeds 240 volts.

I. Externally Operated Manual Reset to be provided.

J. Under-Voltage Release Protection to be provided.

K. Motor Connections to be flexible conduit, except where plug-in electrical cords are specifically indicated.

2.03 CAPACITORS

A. Features: To be individual unit cells; all welded steel housing; each capacitor internally fused; non-flammable synthetic liquid impregnate; craft tissue insulation; and aluminum foil electrodes.

B. KVAR size to be as required to correct motor power factor to 90 percent or better. To be installed on all motors 1 horsepower and larger that have an uncorrected power factor of less than 85 percent at rated load.

2.04 DISCONNECT SWITCHES

A. Fusible Switches to be fused, each phase; general duty; horsepower rated; quick-make, quick-break mechanism; dead front line side shield; solder less lugs suitable for copper or aluminum conductors; spring reinforced fuse clips; electro silver plated current carrying parts; hinged doors; operating lever arranged for locking in the “OPEN” position; are quenchers; capacity and characteristics as indicated.

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Section 15030

B. Non-Fusible Switches to be for equipment 2 horsepower and smaller; to be horsepower rated; toggle switch type; quantity of poles and voltage rating as indicated. For equipment larger than 2 horsepower, switches to be the same as fusible type.

2.05 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE

A. Furnish complete variable frequency drives as specified herein for the fans and pumps designated to be variable speed. All standards and optional features shall be included within the VFD enclosure (e.g. the variable speed drive should have automatic by-pass facilities) unless otherwise specified. VFD enclosure shall be NEMA MC 1 with inlet air filters. Drive shall be mounted on a floor stand.

B. The VFD shall convert three-phase, 50 hertz utility power to adjustable voltage and frequency, three phase power for step less motor speed control from 10% to 100% of the motor’s 50 hertz speed. Input voltage shall be as specified on the drawing schedules.

C. The VFD shall include a converter and an inverter section. The converter section shall convert fixed frequency and voltage AC utility power to DC voltage. All VFDs shall include input line reactors or an isolation transformer as required.

D. The inverter section of the VFD shall invert the DC voltage into a quality output wave-form, with adjustable voltage and frequency for step less motor speed control. The VFD shall maintain a constant V/Hz ratio.

E. The VFD and options shall be tested to ANSI/UL.508. The complete drive, including all specified options, shall be listed by a nationally recognized testing agency such as UL or ETL.

F. Power line noise shall be limited to a voltage distortion factor and line notch as defined in IEEE 519 1981 Edition “Guide for Harmonic Control and Reactive Compensation of Static Power Converters”. The total voltage distortion shall not exceed 5 percent.

G. The VFD shall not emit radiated RFI in excess of the limitations set forth in the FCC Rules and Regulations, FCC Part 15 for Class A computing devices. The VFD shall carry a FCC compliance label. PWM type drives shall include RFI filters.

H. Motor noise as a result of the VFD shall be limited to 3 db over across the line operation, measured at 1 meter from the motor’s centre line.

I. The VFD’s full load amp rating shall meet or exceed NFPA 70, NEC Table 430-150.

J. Protective Features:

1. Individual motor overload protection for each motor controlled.

2. Protection against input power under-voltage, over-voltage, and phase loss.

3. Protection against output current overload and instantaneous over- current.

4. Protection against over-temperature within the VFD enclosure.

5. Protection against over-voltage on the DC bus.

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Section 15030

6. Protect VFD from sustained power of phase loss. Under-voltage trip activates automatically when line voltage drops more than 10 percent below rated input voltage.

7. Automatically reset faults due to under-voltage, over-voltage, phase loss, or over-temperature.

8. Protection against output short circuit and motor winding shorting to case faults, as defined by UL 508.

9. Status lights or digital for indication of individual fault conditions.

10. Controller capable of operating without a motor or any other equipment connected to the drive output to facilitate start-up and troubleshooting.

11. Input line reactors shall be provided to minimize harmonics introduced to the AC line and to provide additional protection to AC line transients.

K. Interface Features:

1. Door mounted Hand/Off/Auto selector switch to start and stop the VFD. In the Auto position, the VFD will start/stop from the controller. In the Hand position, the VFD will run regardless of the remote contact position.

2. Manual speed control capability.

3. Local/Remote selector switch. In the Remote position, motor speed is determined by the follower signal. In the local position, motor speed is determined by the manual speed control.

4. Power/On light to indicate that the VFD has tripped on a fault condition.

5. Digital meter with sector switch to indicate percent speed and percent load.

6. A set of form-C, dry contacts to indicate when the VFD is in the Run mode.

7. A set of form-C, dry contacts to indicate when the VFD is in the Fault mode.

8. A

0

to

10

Vdc

controller’s speed.

output signal

to vary

in

direct proportion to the

9. VFD to have terminal strip and N.C. safety contacts such as free stats, smoke alarms, etc. VFD to safety shut down in drive or bypass mode when contacts open.

L. Adjustments:

1. Maximum speed, adjustable 15 to 100 percent base speed.

2. Acceleration time, adjustable 3 to 60 seconds.

3. Deceleration time, adjustable 3 to 60 seconds with overrides circuit to prevent nuisance trips if decal time is set too short.

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Section 15030

4. Current limit, adjustable 0 to 105 percent.

5. Overload trip set point.

6. Offset and gain to condition the input speed signal.

M. Service Conditions:

1. Ambient temperature, 0 to 50 degrees C.

2. 0 to 95 percent relative humidity, none condensing.

3. Elevation to 3,300 feet (1,000 meters) without derating.

4. AC line voltage variation, -10 to +10 percent of nominal.

N. Special Features: The following special features shall be included in the VFD enclosure. The unit shall maintain its UL to ETL listing.

1. Manual by-pass shall provide all the circuitry necessary to transfer the motor from the VFD to the power line, or from the line to the controller. The by-pass circuitry shall be mounted in a separate section of the VFD enclosure. Motor overload protection shall be provided in both drive and by-pass modes.

2. A door interlocked, pad lockable drive disconnect switch shall be provided to disconnect power from the VFD only (the disconnect shall be clearly marked as such).

3. A motor circuit protector, MCP, shall be provided as a means of disconnecting all power to both the VFD and by-pass circuits as well as provided short circuit and locked rotor protection to the motor while in the by-pass mode.

4. The disconnect and by-pass functions may be accomplished via disconnects, contractors and overloads, or with a four position Drive/Off/Line/Test switch with motor starter and by-pass.

O. Quality Assurance:

1. To ensure quality and minimize infantile failures at the job site, the

complete VFD shall be tested by the manufacturer. The VFD shall operate a dynamometer at full load and the load and speed shall be cycled during the test.

2. All optional features shall be functionally tested at the factory for proper operation.

P. Submittals:

1. Submit manufacturer’s performance data including dimensional drawings, customer connection drawings, power circuit diagrams, installation and maintenance manuals, warranty description, VFDs, FLA rating, certification agency file numbers and catalogue information.

PART 3 – EXECUTION (NOT APPLICABLE)

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Section 15030

END OF THE SECTION

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Section 15040

Division (15) Mechanical Work SECTION 15040-BUILDER’S WORK

PART 1 - GENERAL

1 01

RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Division 1 Specification Sections apply to work of this section.

1 02

SCOPE OF WORK

A. Builder’s Work in connection with all HVAC works such as equipment bases and supports, cutting and patching of walls and slabs for passage of pipes and ducts, reattaching, fixing of pipe hangers and supports to structures, scaffolding, rigging, hoisting, water proofing, cleaning and painting are to be provided as specified under this Section.

B. Materials are to conform to requirements included Division 3 Specification.

PART 2 -PRODUCTS

201 SUNDRIES

A. Escutcheon Plates to be nickel plated, split ring type, sized to match pipe that it is to conceal. Plates for pipes passing through sleeves which extend above floor surfaces to be deep recessed type to conceal sleeve.

B. Flashing Sleeves: coated cast iron, caulking type, size specifically to fit pipe and as manufactured by Josam, No. 1840 or approved equal.

C. Hangers and Supports Fasteners: power driven masonry expansion bolts with steel threaded studs or internally threaded studs and couplings as required.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

301 EQUIPMENT BASES AND SUPPORTS

A. Shop Drawings: submit for approval showing dimensions, arrangement and size of reinforcement and locations of anchor bolts.

B. Foundations For Rotating And Reciprocating Equipment at ground level to be carried independently to solid ground or rock and isolated from floor slab with 50 mm thick layer of cork board and mastic filler to prevent transmission of vibration.

C. Equipment on Intermediate Floors or Roof: mount on its support on vibration isolators. Alternatively, support is to include substantial layer of corkboard between it and structure to reduce transmission of vibration to a minimum.

D. Vibration Isolation Mounts: position in accordance with weight distribution of equipment and as recommended by manufacturer of equipment or mounts. Secure embedded mounts during concreting.

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Section 15040

E. Align And Level Equipment on bases and supports over entire length and width and shim where necessary to facilitate leveling.

F. Concrete Bases and Supports to be 150 mm larger all around than equipment, of height to suit equipment and with top edge chamfered. Plaster and paint or finish as adjacent and surrounding flooring.

G. Anchor Bolts: set in oversized sleeves with washers and nuts at bottom. Bolts to project at least 6 mm above nuts when equipment is fixed to allow for shimming. Secure during concreting.

H. Suspended Cradles And Wall Brackets: test to sustain a load eight times actual operating weight of equipment supported.

3 02

HANGERS AND SUPPORTS

A. FASTENERS: install in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.

1. Fasteners to penetrate 6 to 8 times shank diameter.

2. Embedded Attachments: fix during concreting.

3. Test fasteners in ceilings and walls to sustain a load eight times operating weight of piping, or equipment supported.

B. Additional Framing: provide where structure is inadequate to give suitable support. Design is to be approved.

a. PIPES PASSING THROUGH WALLS AND SLABS

A. Structural Members: do not cut without approval. Any approved cutting to be done only as directed.

B. Sleeves to be provided for all pipes passing through walls, floors and roofs. Locate before walls etc. are constructed and fasten securely to prevent displacement during construction. Plug ends during construction.

C. Sleeves to terminate flush with finished walls and ceilings and to project 20 mm above finished floors and 250 mm above rough concrete of roof.

D. Escutcheon Plates to be provided for all exposed uninsulated pipes passing through walls, floors and ceilings.

b. JOINERY

A. Access Doors: provide in false ceilings, walls or other construction to permit access to equipment, controls, etc. requiring periodic operation, inspection or maintenance.

c. WATER PROOFING

A. Openings In External Walls, Roofs And Walls Below Ground to be made water tight with sleeves, caulking, caulking fittings and flashings. Openings in external walls, particularly at and below ground level and in roofs to be plugged and caulked with oakum and lead between pipe and sleeve.

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Section 15040

B.

Waterproofed Construction: method of installing work piercing waterproofed construction to be subject to review and approval.

C.

Pipes through Roofs to be further waterproofed with metal flashing fixed to pipe with flashing sleeve and extended under roof waterproofing membrane 300

mm

all round. (See Division 7 for Sheet Metal Flashings).

 

d. CLEANING AND PAINTING

 

A.

Clean equipment, material, ductwork and piping etc. inside and outside by effective and approved methods to remove loose mill scale, blisters, sand, plaster, paint droppings. Debris, dirt, oil, grease, labels and all foreign matter. Clean and brush work in stages as directed before painting or concealing.

B.

Surfaces to Be Painted: clean with wire brush and cleaning solution. Do not apply paint to wet or damp surfaces.

C.

Black Steel Piping including flanges, bolts, nuts, cast iron valves and accessories, valve wheels and all ferrous parts are to be painted with two coats of zinc chromate primer whether or not they are to be insulated. When bare or exposed to view, they are to be further painted with two coats of approved oil paint.

D.

Piping run in trenches, shafts, underground or outdoors, including flanges, bolts, nuts, valves and all ferrous parts to be painted with two coats of zinc chromate primer and two coats of heavy bituminous solution paint.

E.

Ductwork: paint inside or outside with one coat dull black fire resistant paint where visible through registers and grilles.

F.

Areas in ceiling spaces visible from occupied spaces above open grilles (ceiling plenum) shall be painted black including ducts, pipes, conduits, slab and insulation.

G.

Hangers And Supports including clamps, rods, bolts, nuts etc. to be painted

with

two coats of zinc chromate primer and where exposed to view with two

additional coats of approved oil paint.

 

H.

Damaged Surfaces of equipment to be restored to original condition by cleaning and painting as directed.

I.

Unfinished Surfaces to be painted as directed.

 

J.

Hot

Surfaces to be painted with approved heat resistant paint.

 

K.

Apply

Paint

in

strict

accordance

with

manufacturer’s

instructions

and

recommendations.

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Section 15125

Division (15) Mechanical Work Section 15125- Pipe Expansion Joints

PART 1 - GENERAL

1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

01

 

a.

Drawings and project general provisions of the Contract, including the General and Supplementary Conditions apply to this Section.

1 SUMMARY

02

 

a.

This Section includes pipe expansion joints, guides, and anchors for mechanical piping systems.

1 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

03

 
 

a. Compatibility: Provide pipe expansion joints, pipe alignment guides, and pipe anchors suitable for piping system fluids. materials, working pressures, and temperatures.

b. Fabricate and install expansion and anchor system capable of sustaining forces generated by gravity, thermal movement, and seismic events

1 SUBMITTALS

04

 
 

a. Submit

General:

the

following

according

to

the

Conditions

of

the

Contract.

b. Product data for each type of pipe expansion joint and pipe alignment guide specified.

c. Pipe expansion joint schedule showing manufacturer’s figure number, size, location, and features for each required expansion joint.

d. Assembly-type shop drawings for each type of pipe expansion joint, pipe alignment guide, and anchor, indicating dimensions, weights, required clearances, and methods of component assembly.

e. Welder certificates signed by Contractor certifying that welders comply with requirements specified under the ”Quality Assurance” Article.

f.

Maintenance data for each type pipe expansion joint specified to include in the ”Operating and Maintenance Manuals

1 QUALITY ASSURANCE

05

 

a.

Qualify welding processes and welding operators according to AWSD1.1 ”Structural Welding Code – Steel”.

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Section 15125

Certify that each welder has satisfactorily passed AWS qualification

tests for welding processes involved and, if pertinent, has undergone

recertification.

b. Qualify welding processes and welding operators according to ASME ”Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code”, Section IX, ”Welding and Brazing

Qualifications”.

PART 2 - PRODUCT

2 01

MANUFACTURERS

a. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering products that may be incorporated in the work include but are not limited to the following or approved equal:

Metal-Bellows, Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Adsco Manufacturing Corp.

b. Anamet, Inc.

c. Badger Industries, Inc.

d. Hyspan Precision Products, Inc.

e. Keflex, Inc.

f. Metraflex Co.

g. Pathway Bellows, Inc., Dover Corp.

h. Piping Technology& AProducts, Inc. Proco Products, Inc.

i. Senior Flexonics Inc., Expansion Joint Div.

Expansion-Compensator, Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Adsco Manufacturing Corp.

b. Hyspan Precision Products, Inc.

c. Keflex, Inc.

d. Metraflex Co.

e. Senior Flexonics Inc., Expansion Joint Div.

Rubber-Sphere, Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Garlock Mechanical Packing Div., Colt Industries.

b. General Rubber Corp.

c. Keflex, Inc.

d. MG Piping Products Co.

e. Mason Industries, Inc.

f. Mercer Rubber Co.

g. Metraflex Co.

h. Proco Products, Inc.

i. Senior Flexonics Inc., Expansion Joint Div.

j. Vibration Mountings & Controls, Inc.

Slip-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Adsco Manufacturing Corp.

b. Advanced Thermal Systems, Inc.

Ball-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Advanced Thermal Systems, Inc.

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Section 15125

b. Barco Div. Marison Industries.

Coupling, Grooved-Piping-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Grinnell Corp., Pipe Supports Div.

b. Gustin-Bacon Div., Tyler Pipe Subsid., Tyler Corp.

c. Stockham Valves k Fittings, Inc.

d. Victaulic Company of America.

Slip-Joint, Grooved-Piping-Type, Pipe Expansion Joints:

a. Victaulic Company of America.

Pipe Alignment Guides:

a. Ads co Manufacturing Corp.

b. Advanced Thermal Systems, Inc.

c. B-Line Systems, Inc.

d. Grinnell Corp., Pipe Supports Div.

e. Hyspan Precision Products, Inc.

f. Keflex, Inc.

g. Metraflex Co.

2

02

PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS, GENERAL

 

a.

Capability: Absorb 200 percent of maximum piping expansion between anchors.

b.

Pipe expansion joint pressure ratings shall be compatible with piping system where system pressures require PN 16 or 225 psi components. This applies to all the following joint types.

2

03

PACKLESS-TYPE PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS

a. Metal-Bellows Pack less-Type Pipe Expansion Joints: Pressure rated for 1200 kPa minimum; conform to the standards of Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, Inc. (EJMA); with end fittings and external tie rods for limiting maximum travel. Features include the following:

Copper Piping Systems: shrouds. Steel Piping Systems: shrouds.

ply phosphor-bronze bellows and brass 2 ply stainless-steel bellows and carbon-steel

b. Expansion-Compensator Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints:

Pressure rated for 414 kPa minimum for low-pressure systems and for 1200 kPa minimum for high-pressure systems. Include 2 ply phosphor bronze bellows, brass shrouds, and end fittings for copper piping systems and 2 ply stainless-steel bellows, carbon-steel

shrouds, and end fittings for steel piping systems. Include internal guides, antitorque device, and removable end clip for proper

positioning.

c. Rubber-Sphere Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints: Single-sphere type, fabric-reinforced butyl rubber with full-faced integral flanges, external control rods, and internal reinforcing. Include steel

retaining rings drilled to match flange bolt holes over entire surface of flanges. Pressure rating is 1200 kPa minimum at

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Section 15125

116 deg C minimum.

d. Rubber-Sphere Packless-Type Pipe Expansion Joints: Double-sphere type, fabric-reinforced butyl rubber with full-faced integral flanges, external control rods, and internal reinforcing. Include steel retaining rings drilled to match flange bolt holes over entire surface of flanges. Pressure rating is 1200 kPa minimum at 116 deg C minimum.

2

04

SLIP-TYPE PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS

 
 

I.

Carbon-steel packing-type expansion joint designed for repacking under pressure. Include limit stops, flanged or weld ends to match piping system.

 

Joint

Packing:

Asbestos-free

polytetrafluoroethylene

(PTFE)

compound. Pressure Rating: 1725 kPa minimum at 204 deg C minimum.

2

05

BALL-TYPE PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS

 

a. General: Designed for 360 degree (6.3rad) rotation and minimum of 30 degree (0.52rad) angular deflection for sizes 150 mm and smaller and 15 degree (0.26rad) for sizes 200 mm and larger.

b. Carbon steel and comply with ASME ”Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code” and ASME B31.9 ”Building Services Piping” for materials and design of pressure containing parts and bolting.

 

Packing: Asbestos-free composition.

Pressure Rating: 1725 kPa minimum at 204 deg C minimum.

Factory Test: Test before shipment with steam at working pressure of piping system with no leaks.

2

06

GROOVED-PIPING-TYPE PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS

 

a.

Coupling: ASTM A 53, cut-grooved, short, steel-pipe nipples, and ductile- iron or malleable-iron shouldered couplings. Include removable ties to holdjoint compressed or expanded during piping fabrication. Include suitable gasket materials for piping system.

b.

Slip-Joint: ASTM A 53, steel-pipe body; polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), modified-polyphenylene-coated steel-pipe slide; and ductile-iron or malleable- iron housing. Include suitable gasket material for piping system.

2

07

PIPE ALIGNMENT GUIDES

 
 

I.

Factory-fabricated cast semi steel or heavy fabricated steel, consisting of bolted two-section outer cylinder and base. Include two-section guiding spider that bolts tightly to the pipe.

 

Alignment Guide Lengths: As required for indicated travel.

 

2

08

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

 

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Section 15125

a. Structural Steel: ASTM A 36/A 36M, steel plates, shapes, and bars, black and galvanized.

b. Bolts and Nuts: ASME B18.10 or ASTM A 183, steel, hex-head, traand nuts.

c. Washers: ASTM F 844, steel, plain, flat washers.

d. Power-Actuated Fasteners: Attachments with pull-out and shear capacities appropriate for supported loads and building materials where used.

e. Concrete: Portland-cement mix, (20.7 MPa).

Cement: ASTM C 150, Type I.

Fine Aggregate: ASTM C 33, sand.

Coarse Aggregate: ASTM C 33, crushed gravel.

Water: Potable.

f. Grout: ASTM C 1107, Grade B, no shrink, nonmetallic.

Characteristics include post-hardening volume-adjusting dry

hydraulic- cement-type grout that is no staining, noncorrosive, nongaseous and is recommended for both interior and exterior applications. Design Mix: (34.5 MPa), 28 day compressive strength.

Water: Potable.

Packaging: Premixed and factory-packaged.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3 01

EXAMINATION

a. Examine substrates and conditions under which pipe expansion joints, pipe alignment guides, and pipe anchors are to be installed. Do not proceed until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3

02

PIPE EXPANSION JOINT INSTALLATION

 

a.

Install pipe expansion joints according to manufacturer’s written instructions. B. Align expansion joints to avoid end-loading and tensional stress.

3

03

FABRICATED-TYPEPIPEEXPANSION COMPENSATION INSTALLATION

a. Install pipe expansion loops cold-sprung in tension or compression as required to absorb 50 percent of total compression or tension that will be produced during anticipated change in temperature.

b. Connect risers to mains with at least 5 pipe fittings including tee in main.

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Section 15125

c. Connect risers to terminal units with at least 4 pipe fittings including tee in riser.

3

04

PIPE ALIGNMENT GUIDE INSTALLATION

 

a. Install pipe alignment guides on piping that adjoins pipe expansion joints.

b. Install pipe alignment guides on piping that adjoins pipe expansion loops.

c. Install pipe alignment guides on piping elsewhere as indicated.

d. Secure pipe alignment guides to building substrate.

3

05

PIPE ANCHOR INSTALLATION

 

a. Install pipe anchors at proper locations to prevent stresses from exceeding those permitted by ASME B31.9 and to prevent transfer of loading and stresses to connected equipment.

b. Fabricate and install anchors by welding steel shapes, plates, and bars to piping and to structure. Comply with ASME B31.9 and with AWS D 1.1.

c. Construct concrete pipe anchors of poured-in-place concrete of dimensions indicated.

d. Where pipe expansion joints are indicated, install pipe anchors according to expansion unit manufacturer’s written instructions to control movement to compensators.

e. Pipe Anchor Spacing’s: Where not otherwise indicated, install pipe anchors at ends of principal pipe runs, at intermediate points in pipe runs between expansion loops and bends. Preset anchors as required to accommodate both expansion and contraction of piping.

f. Use grout to form flat bearing surfaces for pipe expansion joints, pipe alignment guides, and pipe anchors that are installed on or in concrete.

3

06

PAINTING

a. Touching Up: Clean field welds and abraded areas of shop paint and paint, exposed areas immediately after erecting hangers and supports. Use same materials as used for shop painting. Comply with SSPC-PA 1 requirements for touching up field-painted surfaces.

Apply by brush or spray to provide a minimum dry film thickness of 2.0 mils (0.05 mm).

b. Touching Up: Cleaning and touchup painting of field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas of shop paint on miscellaneous metal is specified.

c. Galvanized Surfaces: Clean welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and apply galvanizing-repair paint to comply with ASTM A 780.

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END OF SECTION

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Section 15250

Division (15) Mechanical work SECTION 15250 - HVAC INSULATION

PART 1 - GENERAL

1 01 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of Contract, including General and Supplementary Conditions and Division 1 Specification Section, apply to this Section.

1 02 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes pipe, duct, and equipment insulation.

B. Related Sections: The following sections contain requirements that relate to this section:

1. Division 15 Section “Metal Ductwork” for duct lining.

1 03 DEFINITIONS

A. Hot Surfaces: Normal operating temperatures of 38 deg C or higher.

B. Cold Surfaces: Normal operating temperatures less than 24 deg C .

C. Thermal Resistivity: “r-values” represent the reciprocal of thermal conductivity (k-value). Thermal resistivity’s are expressed by the temperature difference in degrees C between two exposed faces required to cause one Watt to flow through one square meter of material, in one hour, at a given mean temperature.

1 04 SUBMITTALS

A. General: Submit the following in accordance with Conditions of Contract and Project General Requirement Specification Sections.

B. Product data for each type of mechanical insulation identifying k-value, thickness, and accessories.

C. Samples of each type of insulation and jacket. Identify each sample describing product and intended use. Submit the following sizes of sample materials:

1. Board and Block Insulation: 305 mm square section.

2. Pre-Formed Pipe Insulation: 305 mm long, 50 mm NPS.

1 05 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Fire Performance Characteristics: Conform to the following characteristics for insulation including facings, cements, and adhesives, when tested according to ASTM E 84, by UL or other testing or inspecting organization acceptable to the

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authority having jurisdiction. Label insulation with appropriate markings of

testing laboratory.

1. Exterior Insulation: Flame spread rating of 75 or less and a smoke developed rating of 150 or less.

B. Field-Constructed Mock-Up: Before installation, erect mock-up of size and at locations indicated to demonstrate workmanship quality. Include method of attachment and finishing for each.

1. Interior and exterior equipment.

2. Interior and exterior duct systems.

3. Interior and exterior piping systems.

4. Retain and protect mock-ups during construction as a standard for judging completed unit of Work.

5. Accepted mock-ups may become part of completed unit of Work.

1 06 SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING

A. Schedule insulation application after testing of piping and duct systems.

B. Schedule insulation application after installation and testing of any heat trace tape.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2 01 MANUFACTURERS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering products that may be incorporated in the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Glass Fiber:

a. Certain Teed Corporation.

b. Knout Fiberglass GmbH.

c. Manville.

d. Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation.

e. USG Interiors, Inc. - Thermafiber Division.

2. Calcium Silicate:

a. Manville.

b. Owens-Corning Corporation.

3. Expands closed cell:

a. Armstrong Arm flex or equal.

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2

02 GLASS FIBER

 

A. Material: Inorganic glass fibers, bonded with a thermosetting resin.

 

B. Jacket: All-purpose, factory-applied, laminated glass-fiber-reinforced, flame- retardant Kraft paper and aluminum foil having self-sealing lap.

C. Board: ASTM C 612, Class 2, semi-rigid jacketed board.

 
 

1. Thermal

Conductivity:

0.034

W/m. O C

maximum,

at

24

O

C

mean

temperature.

 

2. Density: 32 Kg/m 3 minimum.

 
 

D. Blanket: ASTM C 553, Type II, Class F-l, jacketed flexible blankets.

 
 

1. Thermal

Conductivity:

0.039

W/m. O C

maximum,

at

24

O

C

mean

temperature.

 

2. Density: 16 Kg/m 3 minimum.

 
 

E. Preformed Pipe Insulation: ASTM C 547, Class 1, rigid pipe insulation, jacketed.

 

1. Thermal

Conductivity:

0.033

W/m. O C

maximum

at

24

O C

mean

temperature.

 

2. Density: 80 Kg/m 3 minimum.

 
 

F. Adhesive: Produced under the UL Classification and Follow-up service.

 
 

1. Type: Non-flammable, solvent-based.

 

2. Service Temperature Range: Minus 29 to 82 O C.

 
 

G. Vapor Barrier Coating: Waterproof coating recommended by insulation manufacturer for outside service.

2

03 EXPANDED CLOSED CELL INSULATION

 

A.

Expanded closed cell flexible piping insulation for use on pipes up to 150 mm inside pipe size.

 

1. Insulation thickness up to 25 mm

 

2. Thermal conductivity: 0.39 W/m O C @ 24 O C

 

3. Water vapor transmission 1.16 x 10 ’ kg/(s.m.Pa)

4. Insulation shall comply with the following standards ASTM C 534, ASTM D 1056, NFPA 90 A, 90 B, 255, UL 94 and 723.

2

04 CALCIUM SILICATE

 

A. Material: ASTM C 533, Type I; inorganic, hydrous calcium silicate, non- asbestos fibrous reinforcement; incombustible.

B. Form: Molded flat block, curved block. Grooved block, and preformed pipe sections as appropriate for surface.

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Section 15250

C.

Thermal Conductivity: 0.076 W/m. O C at 260 O C .

D.

Dry

Density: 240 Kg/m 3 maximum.

E.

Compressive Strength: 414 kPa minimum at 5 percent deformation.

F.

Fire Performance Characteristics: Provide materials identical to those whose

fire performance characteristics have been determined, per test method

indicated below, by UL or other testing and inspecting organization acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.

1. Test Method: ASTM E 84.

2. Flame Spread: 0.

3. Smoke Developed: 0.

2

05 ADHESIVES

A.

Lagging Adhesive: MIL-A-3316C, non-flammable adhesive in the following Classes and Grades:

 

1. Class 1, Grade A for bonding glass cloth and tape to unraced gla ~s fiber insulation, sealing edges of glass fiber insulation, and bonding lagging cloth to unfenced glass fiber insulation.

2. Class 2, Grade A for bonding glass fiber insulation to metal surfaces.

2

06 ACCESSORIES AND ATTACHMENTS

A. Glass Cloth and Tape: Woven glass fiber fabrics, plain weave, presized a minimum of 8 ounces per sq. yd.

1. Tape Width: 100 mm.

2. Cloth Standard: MIL-C-20079H, Type I.

3. Tape Standard: MIL-C-20079H, Type II.

B. Bands: 19 mm wide. in galvanized steel: 0.13 mm (0.005”) thick.

C. Wire: 16 gage, soft-annealed stainless steel.

D. Corner Angles: 28 gage, 25 mm by 25 mm aluminum, adhered to 50 mm x 50

mm kraft’paper.

E. Anchor Pins: Capable of supporting 20 pounds each. Provide anchor pins and speed washers of sizes and diameters as recommended by the manufacturer for insulation type and thickness.

2 07 SEALING COMPOUNDS

A. Vapor Barrier Compound: Water-based, fire-resistive composition.

1. Water Vapor Presence: 0.08 perm maximum.

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Section 15250

2. Temperature Range: Minus 29 to 82 O C.

B.

Weatherproof

Sealant:

Flexible-elastomeric-based,

designed to seal metal joints.

vapor-barrier

1. Water Vapor Presence: 0.02 perm maximum.

2. Temperature Range: Minus 45 to 121 O C.

3. Color: Aluminum.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

sealant

3

01 PREPARATION

A.

Surface Preparation: Clean, dry, and remove foreign materials such as rust, scale, and dirt.

3

02 INSTALLATION, GENERAL

A. Refer to schedules at the end of this Section for materials, forms, jackets, and thicknesses required for each HVAC system.

B. Select accessories compatible with materials suitable for the service. Select accessories that do not corrode, soften, or otherwise attack the insulation or jacket in either the wet or dry state.

C. Install vapor barriers on insulated pipes, ducts, and equipment having surface operating temperatures below 15.6 deg C.

D. Apply insulation material, accessories, and finishes according to the manufacturer’s printed instructions.

E. Install insulation with smooth, straight, and even surfaces.

F. Seal joints and seams to maintain vapor barrier on insulation requiring a vapor barrier.

G. Seal penetrations for hangers, supports, anchors, and other projections in insulation requiring a vapor barrier.

H. Seal Ends: Except for flexible elastomeric insulation, taper ends at 45 degree angle and seal with lagging adhesive. Cut ends of flexible and seal with adhesive.

I. Apply adhesives and coatings at manufacturer’s recommended coverage-per- gallon rate.

J. Keep insulation materials dry during application and finishing.

K. Items Not Insulated: Unless otherwise indicated do not apply insulation to the following systems, materials, and equipment:

1. Factory-insulated plenums, casings, terminal boxes, and filter boxes and sections.

2. Flexible connectors for ducts and pipes.

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Section 15250

3. Vibration control devices.

4. Testing laboratory labels and stamps.

5. Nameplates and data plates.

3 03 PIPE INSULATION INSTALLATION, GENERAL

A. Tightly butt longitudinal seams and end joints. Bond with adhesive.

B. Stagger joints on double layers of insulation.

C. Apply insulation continuously over fittings, valves, and specialties, except as otherwise indicated.

D. Apply insulation with a minimum number of joints.

E. Apply insulation with integral jackets as follows:

1.

Pull

jacket tight and smooth.

2.

Cover circumferential joints with butt strips, at least 80 mm wide, and of same material as insulation jacket. Secure with adhesive and outward clinching staples along both edges of butt strip and space 100 mm on center.

3.

Longitudinal Seams: Overlap seams at least 38 mm . Apply insulation with

longitudinal seams at bottom of pipe. Clean and dry surface to receive self- sealing lap. Staple laps with outward clinching staples along edge at 100

mm

on center.

4.

Exception: Do not staple longitudinal laps on insulation applied to piping systems with surface temperatures at or below 1.7 deg C .

5.

Vapor Barrier Coatings: Where vapor barriers are indicated, apply on seams and joints, over staples, and at ends butt to flanges, unions, valves,

and

fittings.

6.

At penetrations in jackets for thermometers and pressure gages, fill and

seal

voids with vapor barrier coating.

7.

Repair damaged insulation jackets, except metal jackets, by applying

jacket material around damaged jacket. Adhere, staple, and seal. Extend patch at least 50 mm in both directions beyond damaged insulation jacket

and around the entire circumference of the pipe.

F. Roof Penetrations: Apply insulation for interior applications to a point even with the top of the roof flashing. Seal with vapor barrier coating. -Apply insulation for exterior applications butted tightly to interior insulation ends. Extend metal jacket for exterior insulation outside roof flashing at least 50 mm below top of roof flashing. Seal metal jacket to roof flashing with vapor barrier coating.

G. Interior Walls and Partitions Penetrations: Apply insulation continuously through walls and partitions, except fire-rated walls and partitions. Apply an aluminum jacket with factory-applied moisture barrier over insulation. Extend 50 mm from both surfaces of wall or partition. Secure aluminum jacket with metal bands at both ends. Seal ends of jacket with vapor barrier coating. Seal around penetration with joint sealer. Refer to the relevant Section in Thermal

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and Moisture Protection Specification.

H. Fire-Rated Walls and Partitions Penetrations: Terminate insulation at penetrations through fire-rated walls and partitions. Seal insulation ends with vapor barrier coating. Seal around penetration with firestopping or fire-resistant joint sealer. Refer to the relevant Section in Thermal and Moiture Protection Specification.

I. Floor Penetrations: Terminate insulation underside of floor assembly and at floor support at top of floor.

J. Flanges, Fittings, and Valves Interior Exposed and Concealed: Coatpipe insulation ends with vapor barrier coating. Apply premolded, precut, or field- fabricated segments of insulation around flanges, unions, valves, and fittings. Make joints tight. Bond with adhesive.

1. Use same material and thickness as adjacent pipe insulation.

2. Overlap nesting insulation by 50 mm or 1 pipe diameter, which ever is greater.

3. Apply materials with adhesive, fill voids with mineral fiber insulating cement. Secure with wire or tape.

4. Insulate elbows and tees smaller than 80 mm pipe size with premolded insulation.

5. Insulate elbows and tees 80 mm and larger with premolded insulation or insulation material segments. Use at least 3 segments for each elbow.

6. Cover insulation, except for metal jacketed insulation, with 2 layers of

lagging adhesive to a minimum thickness of 1.6 mm, Install glass cloth between layers. Overlap adjacent insulation by 50 mm in both directions from joint with glass cloth and lagging adhesive.

K. Hangers and Anchors: Apply insulation continuously through hangers and around anchor attachments. Install saddles, shields, and inserts as specified in HVAC Specification Section “Hangers and Supports”. For cold surface piping, extend insulation on anchor legs a minimum of 305 mm and taper and seal insulation ends.

1. Inserts and Shields: Cover hanger inserts and shields with jacket material matching adjacent pipe insulation.

3.1 GLASS FIBER PIPE INSULATION INSTALLATION

A. Bond insulation to pipe with lagging adhesive.

B. Seal exposed ends with lagging adhesive.

C. Seal seams and joints with vapor barrier compound.

3.2 CALCIUM SILICATE PIPE INSULATION INSTALLATION

A. Secure insulation with stainless-steel bands spaced at 305 mm intervals.

B. Apply 2 layer insulation with joints tightly butted and staggered at least 76 mm. Secure inner layer with 16 gage soft-annealed stainless-steel wire spaced at 305 mm intervals. Secure outer layer with stainless-steel bands at 305 mm

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intervals.

C. Finishing: Apply a skim coat of mineral fiber, hydraulic-setting cement to

surface of installed insulation. When dry, apply flood coat of lagging

adhesive and press on 1 layer of glass cloth or glass tape. Overlap edges at least 25 mm, Apply finish coat of lagging adhesive over glass cloth or tape. Thin finish coat to achieve smooth finish.

D. Metal Jacket: Where indicated, apply metal jacket over finished insulation as specified in this Section for installation of metal jackets.

3

04 EQUIPMENT INSULATION INSTALLATION. GENERAL

A. Install board and block materials a dimension of 305 mm and a maximum dimension of 1220 mm.

B. Groove and score insulation materials as required to fit closely possible to the equipment and to fit contours of equipment. Stagger end joints.

C. Insulation Thicknesses Greater than 50 mm: Install insulation in multiple layers with staggered joints.

D. Bevel insulation edges for cylindrical surfaces for tight joint.

E. Secure sections of insulation in place with wire or bands spaced at 230 mm centers, except for flexible elastomeric cellular insulation.

F. Protect exposed corners with corner angles under wires and bands.

G. Removable Insulation: Install insulation on components that require periodic inspecting, cleaning, and repairing for easy removal and replacement without damage to adjacent insulation.

H. Finishing: Except for flexible elastomeric cellular insulation, apply 2 coats of vapor barrier compound to a minimum thickness of 1.6 mm. Install a layer of glass cloth embedded between layers.

3

05 GLASS FIBER EQUIPMENT INSULATION INSTALLATION

A. Secure insulation with anchor pins and speed washers.

B. Space anchors at maximum intervals of 460 mm in both directions and not more than 79 mm from edges and joints.

C. Apply a smoothing coat of insulating and finishing cement to finished insulation.

3

06 DUCT INSULATION

A. Install block and board insulation as follows:

1. Adhesive and Band Attachrnent: Secure block and board insulation tight and smooth with at least 50 percent coverage of adhesive. Install bands spaced 305 mm apart. Protect insulation under bands and at exterior corners with metal corner angles. Fill joints, seams, and chipped edges with vapor barrier compound.

2. Speed Washers Attachment: Secure insulation tight and smooth with speed washers and welded pins. Space anchor pins 460 mm apart each way and 76 mm from insulation joints. Apply vapor barrier coating

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compound to insulation in contact, open joints, breaks, punctures, and voids in insulation.

B. Blanket Insulation: Install tight and smooth. Secure to ducts having long sides

or diameters as follows:

1. Smaller than 610 mm Bonding adhesive applied in 150 mm wide transverse strips on 305 mm centers.

2. 610 mm and Larger: Anchor pins spaced 305 mm apart each way. Apply bonding adhesive to prevent sagging of the insulation.

3. Overlap joints 76 mm.

4. Seal joints, breaks, and punctures with vapor barrier compound.

a. JACKETS

A. Foil and Paper Jackets (FP): Install jackets drawn tight. Install lap or butt strips at joints with material same as jacket. Secure with adhesive. Install jackets with 38 mm laps at longitudinal joints and 76 mm wide butt strips at end joints.

1. Seal openings, punctures, and breaks in vapor barrier jackets and exposed insulation with vapor barrier compound.

B. Interior Exposed Insulation including MERs and Penthouses: Install continuous aluminum jackets.

C. Exterior Exposed Insulation: Install continuous aluminum jackets and seal all joints and seams with waterproof sealant.

D. Install metal jacket with 50 mm overlap at longitudinal and butt joints. Overlap longitudinal joints to shed water. Seal butt joints with weatherproof sealant recommended by insulation manufacturer. Secure jacket with stainless-steel draw bands 305 mm on center and at butt joints.

b. APPLICATIONS

A. General: Materials and thicknesses are specified in schedules at the end of this Section.

B. Interior, Exposed Piping Systems: Unless otherwise indicated, insulate the following piping systems:

1. Refrigerant suction.

C. Interior, Concealed Piping Systems: Unless otherwise indicated, insulate the following piping systems:

1. Refrigerant suction.

D. Exterior, Exposed Piping Systems: Unless otherwise indicated, insulate the following piping systems:

1. Refrigerant suction.

E. Exterior, Concealed Piping Systems: Unless otherwise indicated, insulate the following piping systems:

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1. Refrigerant suction.

F. Duct Systems: Unless otherwise indicated, insulate the following duct systems:

1. Exterior exposed supply and return ductwork.

2. Interior exposed and concealed supply fans, air handling unit casings and outside air plenums.

c. PIPE INSULATION SCHEDULES

A. General: Abbreviations used in the following schedules include:

1. Field-Applied Jackets: P - PVC, K - Foil and Paper, A - Aluminum, SS - Stainless Steel.

2. Pipe Sizes: NPS - Nominal Pipe Size.

INTERIOR REFRIGERANT SUCTION (2 TO 38 DEG C) EXPOSED AND CONCEALED

PIPE SIZES (NPS)

MATERIALS

THICKNESS

VAPOR

FIELD-

 

IN mm

BARRIER

APPLIED

 

REQ,D

JACKET

13

TO 32

Elastomeric

15

NO

NONE

40

TO 100

Elastomeric

15

NO

NONE

130

TO 250

GLASS FIBER

40

NO

NONE

300

TO 900

GLASS FIBER

40

NO

NONE

EXTERIOR REFRIGERANT SUCTION (2 TO 38 DEG C) EXPOSED AND CONCEALED

PIPE SIZES (NPS)

MATERIALS

THICKNESS

VAPOR

FIELD-

 

IN mm

BARRIER

APPLIED

 

REQ,D

JACKET

13

TO 32

GLASS FIBER

50

YES

(P)(A)(SS)

40

TO 100

GLASS FIBER

50

YES

(P)(A)(SS)

130

TO 250

GLASS

65

YES

(P)(A)(SS)

300

TO 900

GLASS FIBER

65

YES

(P)(A)(SS)

d. DUCT SYSTEMS INSULATION SCHEDULE

EXTRIOR

CONCEALED

HVAC

SUPPLY

AND

RETURN

DUCTS

AND

PLENUMS.

MATERIALS

FORM

THICKNESS

VAPOR

FIELD-

 

IN mm

BARRIER

APPLIED

 

REQ,D

JACKET

GLASS FIBER

BOARD-RECT.

40

YES

NONE

GLASS FIBER

PIPE-ROUND

40

YES

NONE

EXTRIOR EXPOSED HVAC SUPPLY AND RETURN DUCTS AND PLENUMS.

MATERIALS

FORM

THICKNESS

VAPOR

FIELD-

 

IN mm

BARRIER

APPLIED

 

REQ,D

JACKET

GLASS FIBER

RIGID BOARD

9

50

YES

YES

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Section 15250

INTERIOR EXPOSED HVAC SUPPLY FANS, AIR HANDLING UNITS, CASINGS, AND PLENUMS.

MATERIALS

FORM

THICKNESS

IN mm

VAPOR

BARRIER

REQ,D

FIELD-

APPLIED

JACKET

GLASS FIBER

BOARD

END OF THE SECTION

10

50

YES

NONE

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Section 15510

Division (15) Mechanical work SECTION 15510-HVAC PIPING

PART 1 – GENERAL

1 01 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of Contract, including General and Supplementary Conditions, and Division 1 Specification Sections apply to this section.

B. The following Division 15 Sections apply to this Section:

1. Basic HVAC Requirements.

2. Pipes and Pipe Fittings.

3. Valves.

4. Hangers and Supports.

1 02 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes piping systems for hot water heating, chilled water cooling, condenser water, make-up water for these systems, blow-down drain lines, and condensate drain piping. Piping materials and equipment specified in this Section include:

1. Pipes, fittings, and specialties;

2. Special duty valves;

3. Hydronic specialties.

B. Related Sections: The following sections contain requirements that relate to this Section:

1. Division 2 Section “Earthwork” for trenching and backfilling materials and methods for underground piping installations.

2. Division 7 Section “Joint Sealers” for materials and methods for sealing pipe penetrations through basement walls, and fire and smoke barriers.

3. Division 15 Section “Valves” for gate, globe, ball, butterfly, and check valves.

4. Division 15 Section “Meters and Gages” for thermometers, flow meters, and pressure gages.

5. Division 15 Section “Mechanical Identification” for labeling and identification of hydronic piping system.

6. Division 15 Section “HVAC Insulation” for pipe insulation.

7. Division 15 Section “HVAC Pumps” for pumps, motors, and accessories for hydronic system.

8. Division 15 Section “Building Management System” for temperature control valves and sensors.

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9. Division 15 Section “Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing” for procedures for hydronic system testing, adjusting and balancing.

1 03 DEFINITIONS

A. Pipe sizes used in this Specification are Nominal Pipe Size (NPS).

1 04 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data, including rated capacities of selected models, weights (shipping, installed, and operating), furnished specialties and accessories, and installation instructions for each hydronic specialty and special duty valve specified.

1. Furnish flow and pressure drop curves for diverting fittings and calibrated plug valves, based on manufacturer’s testing.

B. Maintenance Data for hydronic specialties and special duty valves, for inclusion in operating and maintenance manual specified in HVAC Specification Section “Basic HVAC Requirements”.

C. Welder’s certificates certifying that welders comply meet the quality requirements specified in Quality Assurance below.

D. Certification of compliance with ASTM and ANSI manufacturing requirements for pipe, fittings, and specialties.

E. Reports specified in Part 3 of this Section.

F. Contractor shall submit full piping stress analysis calculations to Engineer for review.

1 05

QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Regulatory Requirements: comply with the provisions of the following:

1. ASME B 31.9 “Building Services Piping” for materials, products, and installation. Safety valves and pressure vessels shall bear the appropriate ASME label.

2. Fabricate and stamp air separators and compression tanks to comply with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.

3. ASME “Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code”, Section IX, “Welding and Brazing Qualification” for qualifications for welding processes and operators.

B. Independent testing agency to tests and piping systems.

1 06 SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING

A. Coordinate the size and location of concrete equipment pads. Cast anchor bolt inserts into pad. Concrete, reinforcement, and form work requirements are specified in Concrete Work.

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B. Coordinate the installation of pipe sleeves for foundation wall penetrations.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2 01 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering hydronic piping system products which may be incorporated in the work include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Calibrated Plug Valves:

a. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

b. Taco, Inc.

2. Pump Discharge Valves:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

c. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

3. Safety Relief Valves:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

c. Spirax Sarco.

4. Pressure Reducing Valves:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

c. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

5. Air Vents (manual and automatic):

a. Armstrong Machine Works.

b. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

c. Hoffman Specialty ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

6. Air Separators:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

c. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

7. Compression Tanks:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

c. Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

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8. Diaphragm-Type Compression Tanks:

a. Amtrol, Inc.

b. Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

9. Chemical Feeder:

a. Culligan USA.

b. York-Shipley, Inc.

10.Diverting Fittings:

a.

Amtrol, Inc.

b.

Armstrong Pumps, Inc.

c.

Bell & Gossett ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

11.

Dielectric Water way Fittings:

a.

Victaulic Company of America.

12.

Dielectric Unions:

a.

Perfection Corp.

b. Watts Regulator Co.

13.

Y-Pattern Strainers:

a.

Armstrong Machine Works.

b.

Hoffman Specialty ITT; Fluid Handling Div.

c.

Victaulic Company of America.

14.

Basket Strainers:

a.

Crane Co.

b.

Spirax Sarco.

c.

Victaulic Company of America.

15.

Grooved Piping Systems:

a.

Victaulic.

b.

Grinell Central.

2 02 PIPE AND TUBING MATERIALS

A. General: Refer to Part 3 Article “PIPE APPLICATIONS” for identification of where the below materials are used.

B. Grooved Pipe: Carbon Steel, A-53B/A-106B/A-120. Roll grooved for size up to and including 100 mm pipes and roll or cut grooved ends as appropriate to pipe material, wall thickness, pressure, size and method of jointing. Tools to secure piping, couplings and fittings must be made by the same manufacturer to ensure compatibility.

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Grooved end piping systems and fittings in mechanical rooms, risers and main loops.

C. Steel Pipe: BS 1387, medium class, seamless, medium, black steel pipe chilled water pipes are threaded for pipes less than and up to 50 mm, above 50 mm to be roll grooved up to 150 mm and cut grooved for pipe above 150 mm, grooved ends suitable for mechanical couplings. BS 3601, seamless, black steel pipe, cut grooved ends suitable for mechanical couplings ends for pipes above 200 mm, Schedule 40. And schedule 80 for pipe sections with a static head of 50 m or more.

D. Galvanized Steel Pipe: to BS 1387 medium class galvanizing to be tested to BS 1387 Appendix A.

E. PVC Pipes: to BS 3505 Class E.

F. Copper pipes seamless solid drawn half hard in straight length to BS 2871 Part 1, Table X for above ground piping.

2 03 FITTINGS

A. Malleable-Iron Threaded Fittings: ANSI B16.3, Class 150 and Class 300, standard patterns, for threaded joints. Threads shall conform to ANSI B1.20.1.

B. Steel Flanges and Flanged Fittings: ANSI B16.5, including bolts, nuts, and gaskets of the following material group, end connection and facing:

1. Material Group: 1.1.

2. End Connections: Butt-Welding.

3. Facings: Raised face.

C. Unions: ANSI B16.39 malleable-iron, Class 150 and Class 300, hexagonal stock, with ball-and-socket joints, metal-to-metal bronze seating surfaces; female threaded ends. Threads shall conform to ANSI B1.20.1.

D. Dielectric Unions: Threaded or soldered end connections for the pipe materials in which installed; constructed to isolate dissimilar metals, prevent galvanic action, and prevent corrosion.

E. Flexible Connectors: Stainless steel bellows with woven flexible bronze wire reinforcing protective jacket; minimum 1035 kPa or 2070 kPa working pressure according to system pressure, maximum 121 deg C operating temperature. Connectors shall have flanged or threaded end connections to match equipment connected; and shall be capable of 19-mm misalignment.

F. Grooved Pipe Jointing: Pipes shall be joined via grooved coupling (Victaulic Style 07 Zero Flex or approved equal) with angle pad design Victaulic style 77 or 75 shall be used where system flexibility is required at pumps, and mechanical equipment to reduce vibration, noise and to accommodate for thermal expansion and contraction. All couplings shall be cast of ductile iron conforming to ASTM A-536, Grade 65-45-12 or malleable iron conforming to ASTM A-47 Grade 32510. Housing shall be enamel coated or hot dip galvanized.

G. Grooved Pipe Gaskets: Grade E EPDM compound conforming to ASTM D- 2000, UL listed classified to ANSI/NSF 61for water supply systems. Gaskets

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shall be selected per manufacturer’s recommendations according to service application. All gaskets must be made by the same source for compatibility of couplings and fittings.

H. Grooved fitting and Coating: shall be cast of ductile iron conforming to ASTM A-536 Grade 65-45-12 with grooved or shouldered ends for direct connection

into the grooved pipe system.

I. Hole cut branch outlets shall be Victaulic style 920, 921, 927, 929 Mechanical T branch connections or equal with locating collar emerging into the hole.

2

04 GENERAL DUTY VALVES

A.

General duty valves (i.e., gate, globe, check, ball, and butterfly valves) are specified in HVAC Specification, Section “Valves”. Special duty valves are specified below by their generic name; refer to Part 3 Article “VALVE APPLICATION” for specific uses and applications for each valve specified.

2

05 SPECIAL DUTY VALVES

A. Calibrated Plug Valves: 860 kPa and 1720 kPa water working pressure according to system pressure, 121 deg C maximum operating temperature, bronze body, plug valve with calibrated orifice. Provide with connections for

portable differential pressure meter with integral check valves and seals. Valve shall have integral pointer and calibrated scale to register degree of valve opening. Valves 50 mm and smaller shall have threaded connections and 65

mm and larger shall have flanged connections.

B. Pump Discharge Valves: 1200 kPa and 1720 kPa working pressure according to system pressure, 149 deg C maximum operating temperature, cast-iron body, bronze disc and seat, stainless steel stem and spring, and “Teflon” packing. Valves shall be straight or angle pattern as indicated. Features shall include non-slam check valve with spring-loaded weighted disc, and calibrated adjustment feature to permit regulation of pump discharge flow and shutoff.

C. Pressure Reducing Valves: diaphragm operated, cast-iron or brass body valve, with low inlet pressure check valve, inlet strainer removable without system

shut-down, and noncorrosive valve seat and stem. Select valve size, capacity,

and operating pressure to suit system. Valve shall be factory-set at operating

pressure and have the capability for field adjustment.

D. Safety Relief Valves: 860 kPa and 1720 kPa working pressure according to system Pressure and 121 deg C maximum operating temperature; designed, manufactured, tested, and labeled in accordance with the requirements of Section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Valve body shall be cast-iron, with all wetted internal working parts made of brass and rubber. Select valve to suit actual system pressure and kCal capacity.

E. Combined Pressure/Temperature Relief Valves: diaphragm operated, cast-iron or brass body valve, with low inlet pressure check valve, inlet strainer removable without system shut-down, and noncorrosive valve seat and stem.

Select valve size, capacity, and operating pressure to suit system. Valve shall

be factory-set at operating pressure and have the capability for field

adjustment. Safety relief valve designed, manufactured, tested, and labeled in accordance with the requirements of Section IV of the ASME Boiler and

Pressure Vessel Code. Valve body shall be cast-iron, with all wetted internal

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working parts made of brass and rubber; 860 kPa working pressure and 121 deg C maximum operating temperature. Select valve to suit actual system pressure and kCal capacity. Provide with fast fill feature for filling hydronic system.

F. Automatic Flow Control Valves: Class 150 and Class 300, cast iron housing, stainless steel operating parts; threaded connections for 50 mm and smaller,

flanged connections for 65 mm and larger. Factory set to automatically control

flow rates within plus or minus 5 percent design, while compensating for system

operating pressure differential. Provide quick disconnect valves for flow measuring equipment. Provide a metal identification, tag with chain for each

valve, factory marked with the zone identification, valve model number, and

rate flow in m 3 /hr.

G. Triple Duty Valve: heavy duty cast iron body, angle or straight pattern type

designed to perform the functions of an isolating valve, non-slam check valve,

and

calibrated balancing valve, suitable for a working pressure 2070 kPa rating

and

temperature of 120 deg C. Valve shall be similar to ITT Bell and Gossett

model Nos. 3D/3DS or approved equal.

H. Suction Diffuser: heavy duty cast iron angle type body with stainless steel replaceable straightening vanes extending the full length of the orifice cylinder. Suction diffuser shall be provided with disposable fine mesh strainer and adjustable support foot to carry weight of suction pipe, suitable for a working pressure 2070 kPa rating.

2 06 HYDRONIC SPECIALTIES

A. Manual Air Vent: bronze body and nonferrous internal part; 1035 kPa working pressure according to system pressure, see Part 3 – Execution, 3.01 Pipe Application, 107 deg C operating temperature; manually operated with screwdriver or thumbscrew; and having 3 mm discharge connection and 15 mm

inlet connection.

B. Automatic Air Vent: designed to vent automatically with float principle; bronze body and nonferrous internal parts; 1035 kPa or 2070 kPa working pressure according to system pressure, 115 deg C operating temperature; and having 6

mm discharge connection and 15 mm inlet connection.

C. Diaphragm-Type Compression Tanks: size and number as indicated; construct of welded carbon steel for 860 kPa or 2070 kPa working pressure according to system pressure size for overall static pressure of the complex building plus 0.5 bar, 190 deg C maximum operating temperature. Separate air charge from system water to maintain design expansion capacity, by means of a flexible diaphragm securely sealed into tank. Provide taps for pressure gage and air charging fitting, and drain fitting. Support vertical tanks with steel legs or base; support horizontal tanks with steel saddles. Tank, with taps and supports, shall be constructed, tested, and labeled in accordance with ASME Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division1.

D. Air separator: welded black steel; ASME constructed and labeled for minimum 2070 kPa water working pressure and 190 deg C operating temperature; perforated stainless steel air collector tube designed to direct released air into compression tank; tangential inlet and outlet connections; screwed connections up to and including 50 mm NPS; flanged connections for 40 mm NPS and above; threaded blowdown connection; sized as indicated for full system flow capacity.

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E. Chemical Feeder: bypass type chemical feeders of 18.9 liters (5 U.S. gallon) capacity, welded steel construction; 860 kPa or 1720 kPa working pressure according to system pressure; complete with fill funnel and inlet, outlet, and drain valves.

Chemicals shall be specially formulated to prevent accumulation of scale and corrosion in piping system and connected equipment, developed based on a water analysis of make-up water.

F. Y-Pattern Strainers: 860 kPa or 1720 kPa working pressure according to system pressure cast-iron body (ASTM A 126, Class B), flanged ends for 65

mm and larger, threaded connections for 50 mm and smaller, bolted cover,

perforated Type 304 stainless steel basket, and bottom drain connection.

G. Basket Strainers: 860 kPa or 1720 kPa working pressure according to system pressure; high tensile cast-iron body (ASTM A 126, Class B), flanged end connections, bolted cover, perforated Type 304 stainless steel basket, and bottom drain connection.

PART 3 – EXECUTION

3

01 PIPE APPLICATIONS

A.