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# Assignment -1

## ME-213 (DOS on or before 22nd Sept. 2015)

1. The stresses on two perpendicular planes through a point are 120 MPa tensile and 80
MPa compression along with 60 MPa shear. Determine the normal and shear stress
components on a plane at 60 to that of the 120 MPa stress and also the resultant and
its inclination with normal component on the plane.
2. Determine the position of the plane on which the resultant stress is most inclined to
the normal in a system in a system of two perpendicular compressive stresses of
120MPa and 180MPa. Also, find the value of the resultant stress.
3. At a point in steel bar the stresses on two mutually perpendicular planes are 10 MPa
tensile and 5 MPa tensile whereas the shear stress across these planes is 2.5 MPa.
Determine, using Mohrs circle, the normal as well as the shear stresses on a plane
making an angle of 30 with the plane of the first stress. Also find the magnitude and
the direction of the resultant stress on the same plane.
4. The normal stresses at a point in an elastic material are 100 MPa and 60 MPa
respectively at right angle to each other with a shearing stress of 50 MPa. Determine
the principal stresses and the position of the principal planes if (i) both normal stresses
are tensile, and (ii) 100 MPa stress is tensile and 60 MPa stress is compressive. Also,
determine the maximum shear stress and its plane in two cases.
5. The resultant stress on a plane BC at a point in a material is 240 MPa tensile inclined
at 30 to the normal to the plane as shown in figure. On a plane AB perpendicular to
plane BC, the normal component of stress is 180 MPa. Determine the
180 MPa

A

240 MPa

## (iii) maximum shear stress.

300

6. A 9-m long simply supported beam carries a point load of 50 kN at the right end and a
uniformly distrtibuted load of 20 kN/m on the whole span. The two supports are 6 m
apart, the left-hand support being at the left end. Draw the shear force and bending
moment diagrams.
7. The two supports of a simply supported beam are 5 m apart. The beam is 8 m long
with two overhangs of 2 m and 1 m on the left-hand and the righthand sides
respectively. The beam carries concentrated loads of 40 kN at the left end, 40 kN at 4

m, 20 kN at 6 m both from the left end and the 20 kN at the right end of the beam.
Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam.
8. A simply supported beam of 9 m length carries a point load of 10 kN at the right end
and a uniformly distributed load of 30 kN/m for a distance of 3 m starting from the left
end. The supports of the beam are 6 m apart, the left-end support being at the left end.
Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams indicating the main values.
9. A 10-m long beam ABC is simply supported at A and B, B being 2 m from the right
end of the beam. It carries point loads of 8 kN and 4 kN at distances 3 m and 5 m from
A. the beam also has uniformly distributed loads of intensity 4 kN/m for a distances of
4 m starting from A and of 6 kN/m on BC. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams indicating principal values.
10. A simply supported beam of 10-m length carries a uniformly distributed load
throughout its length. The supports of the beam are to be 6 m apart. Determine the
position of the supports with respect to the ends so that the bending moment on the
beam is the least possible.
11. A 15-m long girder carries a uniformly distributed load of w kN/m and is supported on
two piers, 9 m apart in such a way that the maximum bending moment is as small as
possible. Determine the distance of piers from the ends of the girder and the
maximum bending moment.
12. In the framed structure of figure, the outer rods are of steel and of 260-mm2 area of
cross section whereas the central rod is of brass and of 420-mm2 area of cross-section.
The length of the central rod is heated through 40C. Determine the stresses developed
in the rods. E for steel = 205 GPa, E for brass = 85 GPa and for brass = 1910-6 /C.

13. A steel sleeve of 24-mm internal diameter and 36-mm external diameter encloses an
aluminium rod of 22-mm diameter. The length of the rod is 0.4 mm longer than that of
the sleeve which is 400 mm long as shown in figure. Determine
(i)
the compressive load up to which only the rod is stresses
(ii)
the maximum load on the assembly, if the permissible stresses in aluminium
and steel are 130 MPa and 175 MPa respectively.
(iii)
the deformation of the assembly under maximum load.

14. A load of 120 kN is applied to a bar of 20-mm diameter. The bar which is 400-mm
long is elongated by 0.7 mm. determine the modulus of elasticity of the bar material.
If Poissons ratio is 0.3, find the change in diameter.
15. A metallic prismatic specimen is subjected to an axial stress of x and on one pair of
side no constraint is exerted whereas on the other, the lateral strain is restricted to one
half of the strain which would be there in the absence of any constraint. Show that the
modified modulus of elasticity will be [2E/(2-2)]
16. An axial load of 56 kN is applied to a bar of 36-mm diameter and 1-m length. The
extension of the bar is measured to be 0.265 mm whereas the reduction in diameter is
0.003 mm. Calculate Poissons ratio and the values of the three moduli.
17. The following data refer to a mild steel specimen tested in a laboratory:
(i) Diameter of the specimen
=25 mm
(ii) Length of the specimen
=300 mm
(iii) Extension under a load of 15 kN
=0.045 mm
(iv) Load at yield point
=127.65 kN
=208.60 kN
(vi) Length of the specimen after failure
=375 mm
(vii) Neck diameter
=17.75 mm
Determine (a) Youngs Modulus, (b) Yield point (c) Ultimate stress (d) Percentage of
elongation (e) Percentage reduction in area (f) Safe stress adopting a factor of safety of 2.
18. A steel rod 40 mm in diameter is enclosed by a copper tube of external diameter 50
mm and internal diameter 40 mm. A pin 25 mm in diameter is fitted transverse to the

assembly at each end, as shown in figure, so as to secure the rod and the tube. If the
temperature of the assembly is raised by 60C. Find (i) the stresses in the steel rod and
the copper tube. And (ii) the shear stress in the pin. Take Es=2105 N/mm2, Ec=1105
N/mm2. s=1.210-5 per C and c=1.610-5 per C.
Copper tube

Steel rod

40mm

50mm

19. Three bars of the same length l, sectional areas A1, A2 and A3, elastic modulli E1, E2
and E3 and coefficients of linear expansion 1, 2 and 3 are connected to each other at
their ends as shown in figure. If the assembly is subjected to a rise in temperature by
t0C, calculate the actual change in length of the assembly.
If now the assembly is subjected to a pull P what will be the actual change in
length of the assembly.
(A1)

E1

(A2)

E2

(A3)

E3

20. A flat bar of aluminium alloy 24 mm wide and 6 mm thick is placed between two steel
bars each 24 mm wide and 9 mm thick to form a composite bar 24 mm 24 mm as
shown in figure. The three bars are fastened at their ends when the temperature is
100C. Find the stress in each of the material when the temperature of the whole
assembly is raised to 500C.
If at the new temperature a compressive load of 20 kN is applied to the
composite bar what are the final stresses in steel and aluminium? Take Es=2105
2

## N/mm2, Ea=3105 N/mm2. s =1.210-5 per C and a=2.310-5 per C.

24mm
24mm

Steel

24mm

Aluminium

24mm

Steel

24mm

21. Two steel rods one of 80 mm diameter and the other of 60 mm diameter are joined end
to end by means of a turn buckle. The other end of each rod is rigidly fixed and there
is initially a small tension in the rods. If the effective length of each rod is 4 meters,
find the increase in this tension when the turn buckle is turned by one-quarter of a
turn. On the rod of bigger diameter there are 3 threads per 20 mm while there are 4
threads per 20 mm on the other rod. Neglect the extension of the turn buckle. Find
also what rise in temperature would nullify the increase in tension.
Take E=2105 N/mm2 and =1.210-5 per C.
22. An aluminium rod ABC consists of two parts AB and BC of diameters 40 mm and 60
mm and lengths 300 mm and 450 mm respectively. It is subjected to a compressive
load of 125 kN as shown in Figure. This bar is to be replaced by a steel rod of length
750 mm to carry the same compressive load. Find the diameter of the steel rod if its
decrease in length shall not exceed that of the aluminium rod and the stress in the rod
does not exceed 160 N/mm2.
125 kN

125 kN

40 mm

300

B
Dia= d

450

60 mm

C
Aluminium
Steel
23. The principal strains
at a point in a material are in the ratio
of 4: 3: 2. Find the ratio of
principal stresses at that point. Take =0.3.
24. For a 450 rosette in the XOY plane, the strains measured at a certain place on a
stresses body are 0=0.0002, 45=0.00025 and 90=-0.0001. Taking =0.3 and E=200
GN/m2, find the principal strains, directions of principal planes ad principal stresses.
Show the results on a suitably oriented element. The stress condition is 2-D for XOY
plane. Find principal strain in the Z-direction.
25. A beam of 10-m length is acted upon by forces and a couple as shown in figure. Draw
the shear force and bending moment diagrams.
4 kN
4 kN/m
A

10 kN.m
C

3m

D
2m

E
3m

2m

26. A beam of 8-m span is hinged at each end. It carries a uniformly distributed load of 2
kN per m on the left half of the beam along with a 25 kN load at 6 m from the lefthand end. In addition the beam is also subjected to couples of 20 kN.m in counterclockwise direction at left-hand support and 30 kN.m in the clockwise direction at the
right-hand support. Determine the reactions at the ends and draw the shear force and
bending moment diagrams indicating the principal values.
25 kN
2 kN/m

20 kN.m

30 kN.m

4m

2m

2m

27. Draw the shear force the bending moment diagrams for a 14-m long beam simply
supported at the positions shown in figure. It carries a load of 12 kN applied through a
bracket and also a uniformly distributed load for 8 m of length from the right end.
12 kN
2 kN/m

E
B

C
3

28. A hollow shaft with external and internal diameter of 120 mm and 80 mm respectively
is to be replaced by a solid shaft of the same weight. Find the torques transmitted by
the shafts if the permissible shear stress is 100 MPa. If the solid shaft is replaced by a
hollow shaft of 160 mm external diameter, what is the torque transmitted for the same
weight of the shafts?
29. A solid shaft transmits 200 kW of power at 80 rpm. Determine the diameter of the
shaft if the shear stress is not to exceed 75 MPa. If this shaft is replaced by a hollow
shaft whose internal diameter is 0.6 of the external diameter while the length, material
and the maximum shear stress are the same, find the percentage saving in weight.
30. All the questions discussed in the class must be solved in the end of the Assignment.