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9/16/2015

MasteringPhysics:Ch21HW

Coulomb'sLawTutorial

LearningGoal:

Tounderstandhowtocalculateforcesbetweenchargedparticles,particularlythedependenceonthesignofthe

chargesandthedistancebetweenthem.

Coulomb'slawdescribestheforcethattwochargedparticlesexertoneachother(byNewton'sthirdlaw,thosetwo

forcesmustbeequalandopposite).Theforce

isproportionaltothechargeofeachparticleandinverselyproportionaltothesquareofthedistance betweenthem:

F 2 1

exertedbyparticle2(withcharge )onparticle1(withcharge )

q 2

q 1

r

F

21

=

k

q 2 q 1

r 2

r^ 21

,

k =

1

where

4πϵ 0 antiparalleltothedirectionof

ifthechargesareofoppositesignandrepulsiveifthechargesareofthesamesign.

and

r^ 21

istheunitvectorpointingfromparticle2toparticle1.Theforcevectorwillbeparallelor

r^ 21

,paralleliftheproduct

q

1

q 2

> 0

andantiparallelif

q

1

q 2

< 0

;theforceisattractive

PartA

Considertwopositivelychargedparticles,oneofcharge

q

0

q 1

(particle0)fixedattheorigin,andanotherofcharge

(particle1)fixedonthey­axisat

.Whatis

thenetforce onparticle0duetoparticle1?

(0, d

1

, 0)

F

k

q 0

,

q 1

,

d 1

, , ,and

^

i

^

j

^

k

.

^
−k q 0 q 1 j
F =
d 1 2

Correct

PartB

position

q 2

(particle2).Particle2fixedonthey­axisat

(0, d

2

, 0)

.Whatisthenewnetforceonparticle0,fromparticle1andparticle2?

k

q 0

q 1

q 2

d 1

,

d 2

, , ,and

^

i

^

j

^

k

.

9/16/2015

MasteringPhysics:Ch21HW

q 0 q 1
q 0 q 2
^
( −k
+k
F
) j
=
d 1 2
d 2 2

Correct

PartC

Particle0experiencesarepulsionfromparticle1andanattractiontowardparticle2.Forcertainvaluesof
d 1
and
d 2
,therepulsionandattractionshouldbalanceeachother,resultinginnonetforce.Forwhatratio
d
/
d 2
isthere
1
nonetforceonparticle0?
k
q 0
q 1
q 2
−−−
q
1
d
/
d 2
= √
1
q
2
Correct
PartD
(0, d
,
q 3
2
d 2
)
.Whatis

F

thenetforce onparticle0duesolelytothischarge?

Expressyouranswer(avector)using , , , , , ,and .Includeonlytheforcecausedbyparticle3.

q 0

q 3

k

d 2

^

i

^

j

^

k

9/16/2015

MasteringPhysics:Ch21HW

Hint1.Findthemagnitudeofforcefromparticle3
Whatisthemagnitudeoftheforceonparticle0fromparticle3,fixedat ?
(
0, d
,
2
d 2
)
k
q 0
q 3
d 2
.
Hint1.Distancetoparticle3
UsethePythagoreantheoremtofindthestraightlinedistancebetweentheoriginand
(0, d
2 ,
d 2
)
.
kq 0 q 3
F =
3
2d 2 2
Hint2.Vectorcomponents
Theforcevectorpointsfrom to .Because issymmetricallylocatedbetweenthey­axisandthez­
q 3
q 0
q 3
axis,theanglebetween ,theunitvectorpointingfromparticle3toparticle0,andthey­axisis
r^ 30
π/4
itsyandzcomponents.
q 0 q 3
^
q 0 q 3
^
−k
j
−k
F =
2
2 d
2
2 d
2 2
2 2 k

Correct