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Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore

HVAC Design Brief

COMMERCIAL COMPLEX @ SARJAPUR ROAD, BANGALORE

HVAC DESIGN BRIEF

Architects 1

Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.

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HVAC Design Brief

INDEX OF CONTENTS
SL.NO.
5.0

DESCRIPTION

PAGE NUMBER

HVAC
5.1 GENERAL

5.2 SCOPE OF HVAC WORKS


5.3 DESIGN CRITERIA AND DESCRIPTION
5.4 CODES AND STANDARDS

4-5
6
79

5.5 HVAC DESIGN CONDITIONS

10

5.6 PROJECTED HVAC REQUIREMENT

11

5.7 EQUIPMENT DETAILS

12 25

5.8 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS

26

5.9 ELECTRICAL LOAD LIST

27

5.10 HEAT LOAD CALCULATION LIST

28 - 29

5.1 GENERAL

Architects 2

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THIS DOCUMENT BRIEFS ON THE HVAC SYSTEM ADOPTED FOR COMMERCIAL COMPLEX @ SARJAPUR
ROAD, BANGALORE.
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX is a Commercial Complex Development of built up area of approx. 7.67 lakh
Sq.ft. with three Office blocks, Parking, other common areas and utilities. It is proposed to design
the total infrastructure facility for the schedule of areas.
The schedule of areas is as follows.
SL.
NO.
1

LOWER BASEMENT 2

APPROX.
AREA (Sq. ft)
87,995.0

LOWER BASEMENT 1

87,995.0

Car Parking

UPPER BASEMENT

87,995.0

Car Parking

GROUND FLOOR

DESCRIPTION

PURPOSE
Car Parking & STP

1,10,407.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

FIRST FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

SECOND FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

THIRD FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

FOURTH FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

FIFTH FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

10

SIXTH FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

11

SEVENTH FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

12

EIGHTH FLOOR

43,710.0

Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby

13

ROOF

43,399.0

HVAC Plant area & Open Terrace

TOTAL AREA

7,67,471.0

NOTE: ABOVE TABULATION SUBJECT TO CHANGE BASED ON REVISION OF ARCHITECT DRAWINGS


PROJECT DESIGN BRIEF
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX is a Commercial Complex Development of overall carpet area for air
conditioning works out to be 2.93 lakhs Sq. ft. excluding toilets and common areas like staircases
etc.

5.2 SCOPE OF HVAC DESIGN & WORKS


Architects 3

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SCOPE OF HVAC DESIGN


Chilled water central plant design consisting of Hybrid combination of Chillers, Pumping
system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical dosing system, Condenser ckt
for Heat rejection by Cooling towers and to generate Chilled water which can deliver the
desired Airside Temperature of 23+/- 1 DEG C. on the Low side.
Chilled water & Condenser water pumping design with use of Variable frequency drive for
Secondary chilled water pumps.
Chilled water, Condenser water & Condensate drain piping network with routing.
Space allocation of AHU and CSU Units for all the Floors showing Scheme Drawing of all
usable spaces like OFFICE blocks and etc.
Common area Air Conditioning scheme.
Appropriate Fresh air distribution of to the Office AHUs to maintain Indoor Air quality.
BTU Metering and Tenant Billing system Design for enabling billing for End users based on
actual consumptions.
Forced Ventilation system design for Toilets - 16 ACPH and for Sewage Treatment Plant.
Ductless Ventilation system for Basement floors CAR parking @ 04 ACPH for Normal mode,
08 ACPH for Pollution mode and 30 ACPH for Fire Modes.
Air Pressurization system for escape routes in the Basement levels - Staircase and Lobby.
IBMS system integration of all HVAC Equipments and Control elements.
SCOPE OF HVAC WORKS
The central Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system shall comprise of following:
a)

HIGH SIDE EQUIPMENT


Design of the equipment based on the data furnished in the document.
Procurement of materials within the battery limits as per the schedule given by Owner /
Project Managers.
Manufacturing as per standards & details furnished in the specifications.
Assembly.
Testing in Shop before delivery.
Inspection.
Insurance up to handing over.
Packing & Forwarding.
Transportation.
Installation at Site as per the schedule given by Owner/ PROJECT MANAGERS.
Submission of method statements for execution.
Commissioning in the presence of specialized agency (manufacturers representative).

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HVAC Design Brief

Performance Guarantee run.


Handing over.
b)

LOW SIDE WORKS


Design of the equipment based on the data furnished in the document.
Procurement of materials within the battery limits as per the schedule given by Owner /
Project Managers.
Manufacturing as per specifications mentioned in the document.
Assembly at Site.
Commissioning.
Testing of all equipment as per the list attached in the document.
Performance Guarantee run.
Handing over.

Supply of various equipment as per the relevant Specification & Drawings, unloading, receiving,
inspection, storing, transportation to work site, handling, assembling, cleaning, mechanical
erection, assisting main contractor in associated civil works which are required for ac system,
Installation, alignment, testing and commissioning and handing over in working condition of all
items covered in the BOQ.

5.3 DESIGN CRITERIA & DESCRIPTION


FRESH AIR

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AS PER ASHRAE 62 N
Ideal air conditioning equipment should sanities cool, heat, humidify/dehumidify, evenly
distribution air through the area and all; cost effectively.
The world focus has shifted from the environment to Invironment. This is a new terminology,
being used increasingly to focus on the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and its effect on human health.
While the outdoor environment continues to be of concern, the indoor environment is receiving
increased attention as more information has become available on the presence and effect of indoor
contaminants.
ASHRAE 62-1989 IAQ STANDARD:
"VENTILATION FOR ACCEPTABLE INDOOR AIR QUALITY"

From the above chart it clearly states that 20 cfm / person is the desired rate of fresh air to
maintain good INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ).

DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS
OCCUPANCY

80 sqft / person on built up area i.e. as per


Architects area summary sheet

FRESH AIR

20 cfm / person

LIGHTING LOAD

1.5 watts /sqft

EQUIPMENT LOAD

225 watts / Computer set

GLAZING

Double Glazing

STP WATER
REQUIRED FOR WATER
COOLED CHILLERS

30 KLD of Make-up water

5.4 CODES & STANDARDS

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Basically Air-conditioning system design shall be done as per latest ASHRAE Standards. Also other
applicable Standards which shall be considered as guidelines are mentioned as under: AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR HEATING, AIR CONDITIONING & REFRIGERATION ENGINEERS
(ASHRAE)
FRESH AIR AS PER ASHRAE STANDARDS
IS WHERE EVER APPLICABLE
SMACNA STANDARDS FOR SHEET METAL DUCTING
UL STANDARDS FOR FIRE DAMPERS
NBC STANDARDS WHERE EVER APPLICABLE
ECBC STANDARDS
The installation shall conform in all respects to ASHRPROJECT MANAGERS / Indian Standard Code of
Practice for Air conditioning Installation, tender specifications and drawings.
In case of discrepancy among specifications, drawings and other documents, the specifications take
precedence over all other documents. In case of discrepancy between specification, drawings etc.,
& Codes & Standards, the tenderer shall assume the more stringent of the two.
CODES & STANDARDS
Air Conditioning Equipment
IS 659
Safety Code for air conditioning
IS 660
Safety Code for mechanical refrigeration
IS 3615
Glossary of terms used in refrigeration & air conditioning
IS 5111
Testing of refrigeration compressors
IS 7896
Data for outside design conditions for air conditioning
IS 10617
Hermetic Compressors (Part-I, II & III)
IS 11338
Thermostats for use in refrigeration, air conditioners etc.
SP 7
National Building Code (Group 4)
IS 3615
Glossary of terms used in refrigeration and air conditioning
IS 7896
Outside design data condition for AC design is for summer months
Noise & Vibration
IS 2264
Preferred frequencies for acoustical measurements.
IS 3483
Code of practice for noise reduction
IS 3932
Sound level meter for general purpose use.
IS 9736
Glossary of terms applicable to acoustics in buildings.
IS 9901
Measurement of sound insulation in buildings & building elements
IS 9876
Guide to the measurement of air borne acoustical noise &
evaluation of its effects on man.
IS 10423
Personal sound exposure meter.
IS 11446
Measurement of air borne noise emitted by compressors units
intended for outdoor use.
IS 12710
Glossary of terms used in acoustic emission testing.
IS 4758
Methods of measurement of noise emitted by machines
IS 14280
Mechanical vibration balancing shaft and fitment key
convention
IS 12065
Permissible limits of noise level for rotating electrical machines.

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Pipe & Fittings


IS 638
IS 1239
IS 5822

Gaskets
Mild steel tubes & fittings
Code of practice laying of electrically welded steel pipes for
water supply.
Pump & Valves

IS 778

Copper alloy gate, globe & check valves for water works
purposes.
IS 4854
Glossary of terms for valves and their parts.
IS 5312
Swing check type non return valves.
IS 8092
Code for inspection of surface quality of steel castings for valves,
fittings & other piping components.
IS 12969
Method of test for quality characteristic of valves.
IS 13095
Butterfly valves for general purposes.
Refrigerant Gas & Lubricants
IS 1447
Method of sampling and test for lubricants.
IS 4578
Lubricating oils for refrigeration machinery
IS 10609
Refrigerants Number Designation
Sheet Metal Works
IS 277
Galvanized Steel sheet
IS 513
Cold rolled low carbon steel sheets.
Thermal Insulation
IS 334
Glossary of terms relating to bitumen & tar
IS 3069
Glossary of terms, symbols & units relating to thermal insulation
materials
IS 3144
Mineral wool thermal insulation Methods of tests
IS 3346
Method of determination of thermal conductivity of thermal
insulation materials
IS 4671
Expanded polystyrene for thermal insulation purposes
International Standards
SMACNA
HVAC Systems Duct Design
SMACNA
HVAC Air duct leakage test manual
SMACNA
HVAC duct construction standards Metal & flexible
SMACNA
Rectangular duct construction
SMACNA
Round duct construction
SMACNA
Energy conservation guidelines.
SMACNA
Energy recovery equipment and systems, air to air
ANSI-UL-555-1985
Fire dampers
ANSI
Scheme for identification of piping system
SMACNA
HVAC Systems Testing, adjusting & balancing
CTI
Acceptance test code for water cooling towers, mechanical draft,
natural draft, fan assistant type evaluation of results and thermal
testing of wet and dry cooling towers as per CTI-ATC-105- 1990
CTI
Code of measurement of sound from cooling towers as per CTIATC-128
ANSI / AMCA
Laboratory methods for testing fans for rating as per ANSI / AMCA
210
UL
Fire dampers as per ANSI-UL-555

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ASME

HVAC Design Brief

Scheme for identification of piping system as per ANSI / ASME A13.1

Drawings, Specifications and deviations


The drawings and specifications lay down minimum standards of equipment and workmanship.
Should the tenderer wish to depart from the provisions of the specifications and drawings either on
account of manufacturing practice or for any other reasons, he should clearly draw attention in his
tender to the proposed points of departures and submit such complete information, Drawings and
specifications will enable the merits of the deviations to be fully appreciated. In the absence of
any such deviation list, it will be deemed that the tenderer is fully satisfied with the intents of the
specifications and the drawings and their compliance with the statutory provisions and local codes.
All deviations or departures not brought out to the notice shall be disregarded.
Units of Measurement
HVAC design documents will generally use inch-Pound (IP) Units. In those instances where both SI
and IP units are listed, the IP units take precedence of cooling and heating load calculations and
equipment specification. The following listing indicates common application of Units of
Measurement for HVAC Design Documents.

DUCTWORK SIZE

Millimetres OR Inches

PIPE SIZE

Millimetres OR Inches

AREA

Square feet OR Square meters

VELOCITY

Feet per minute OR Meter per Second

TEMPERATURE

Degrees F OR Degrees C

FAN/DUCT PRESSURE

Pascals (Pa) OR Inches of W.C.

PUMP PRESSURE

Meters OR Feet of Liquid - Water

AIR FLOW RATE

Cubic Feet/Minute - CFM OR Litres/Second - LPS

LIQUID FLOW RATE

Gallons/Minute - GPM OR Litres/Second - LPS

5.5 HVAC DESIGN CONDITIONS

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INSIDE & OUTSIDE CONDITIONS:


LOCATION:
SITE LOCATION

BANGALORE

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

12.58 DEG N

ALTITUDE

921 M ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL

The outside and inside conditions for the desired facility shall be designed based on below
mentioned parameters:
INSIDE CONDITIONS:
OFFICE BLOCKS
1) Dry Bulb Temperature

23 +/- 1 DEG C.

2) Relative Humidity

Less than 60%

The air conditioning system for the Commercial Complex facility shall be designed to cater for the
Comfort cooling application only.

OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITION:

SUMMER

DRY bulb temp 35.6 DEG C

WET bulb temp 25.6 DEG C

RH-45 %

MONSOON

DRY bulb temp 27.8 DEG C

WET bulb temp 25.6 DEG C

RH -82 %

WINTER

DRY bulb temp 14.4 DEG C

WET bulb temp 12.2 DEG C

RH -78 %

5.6 PROJECTED HVAC REQUIREMENT IN TR

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SUMMARY OF AC TONNAGE LOADS


PURVANKARA COMMERCIAL COMPLEX PROJECT, SARJAPUR ROAD, BANGALORE
Sl.No.

Floor
Reference

Description of
Application

Carpet Area
Occupancy
AC (sq ft)

TR as per
Heatload

CFM

Fresh Air

Ground Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,092.9
9,716.3
16,043.2

126
121
201

52.86
49.80
81.13

24,997
23,394
37,952

2,523
2,429
4,011

First Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

9,027.6
8,823.2
16,043.2

113
110
201

49.48
43.68
82.83

23,709
20,292
38,999

2,257
2,206
4,011

Second Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Third Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Fourth Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Fifth Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Sixth Floor

Block-A - Office
Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Block-A - Office
Seventh Floor Block-B - Office
Block-C - Office

10,867.6
8,855.5
16,710.3

136
111
209

55.61
43.79
85.06

26,110
20,334
39,870

2,717
2,214
4,178

Eighth Floor

5,433.8

68

25.01

11,332

1,358

293,780.6

3,672.26

1,491.52

698,561

73,445

Block-A - Office

Grand Total

The overall AC load estimate works out to be about 1492.0 TR and by applying the diversity, it is
proposed to install 1300.0TR of air conditioning plant.
A centralized air conditioning system is proposed with a hybrid combination of AIR COOLED SCREW
CHILLERS of 300TR x 3nos. + 200TR x 2nos. WATER COOLED SCREW CHILLERS with Chilled &
Condenser water Pumping system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical dosing
system and Condenser ckt for Heat rejection by Cooling towers.

5.7 EQUIPMENT DETAILS


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HVAC SYSTEM PROPOSED


Based on the data furnished in the Design Basis, the air conditioning area for the Building works out
about 2,93,780Sq.ft. excluding toilets and common areas like staircases etc. As such, the capacity
of the air conditioning plant required works out to around 1492.0TR. Applying the diversity factor
of 0.87, it is proposed to install 1300.0TR of air conditioning plant. A centralized air conditioning
system is planned with a hybrid combination of AIR COOLED SCREW CHILLERS of 300TR x 3nos. +
200TR x 2nos. WATER COOLED SCREW CHILLERS with Chilled & Condenser water Pumping
system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical dosing system and Condenser ckt
for Heat rejection by Cooling towers.
v The chilled water plant consisting of Water cooled chillers system shall utilize treated water
generated from the STP for make up water requirement.
v The pumping system shall comprise of Primary, Secondary and Condenser water pumps.
v Secondary pumping system shall be with Variable speed pumps with VFD application to
save energy during diversified load.
v The chilled water generated shall be metered by means of BTU METERS.
v The overall make up water required for Water cooled plant of 400TR capacities is around
30 KLD which is fed from the treated STP water.
v The chiller plant shall be placed in the Terrace of the building. The Water cooled chillers
and pumping system shall be housed inside a closed roof.
v The reason for a combination of chillers is as per the loading pattern and difference in DB
(Dry bulb) and WB (WET bulb) is very marginal, Hence chillers without VFD are envisaged.
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The overall load is generated by Centralized chilled water plant which is housed in the Terrace of
the building. The chilled water generated shall be distributed to each floor by means of variable
speed pumping system.
The centralized chilled water generation plant consists of the following equipments:
CHILLERS
On-going performance verification of chiller capacity and power input is by means of certified
computerized selection output to assure the owner of specified performance in accordance with the
latest version of ARI Standard 550/590 and EUROVENT STANDARDS.
All chillers that fall within the scope of the certification program have an ARI certification label at
no cost to the owner. Equipment covered by the ARI certification program include all water-cooled
centrifugal and screw water chilling packages rated up to 2000 tons (7,000kW) for 60 hertz service
at ARI standard rating conditions, hermetic or open drive, with electric driven motor not exceeding
5000 volts, and Cooling water (not glycol). For 50 hertz application the capacity range covered is
200 to 1,000 tons (700 to 3500 kW).
Published certified ratings verified through testing by ARI include:
v Capacity, tons (kW)
v Power, kW/ton (COP)
v Pressure drops, ft. of water (kPa)

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v Integrated Part Load Value (IPLV) or Non-Standard Part Load Value (NPLV)
As part of the ARI certification program, ARI has computer selection program used to select and rate
chillers. The certified computer program version number and issue date for all manufacturers is
listed in the ARI Directory of Certified Applied Air-Conditioning Products available on www.ari.org.
ARI Standard 550/590-98 for Centrifugal or Screw Water - Chilling Packages and associated manuals
define certification and testing procedures and tolerances of all units that fall within the
application rating conditions.
DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR CHILLER SELECTION
The standard rating conditions are:
Leaving chilled water temperature ...........................44F
Evaporator waterside field fouling allowance ............0.0001
Chilled water flow rate ............................................2.4 gpm/ton
Entering condenser water temperature .....................85F
Condenser waterside field fouling allowance.............0.00025 (for Water cooled chillers)
Condenser water flow rate .....................................3.0 gpm/ton (for Water cooled chillers)

Air cooled screw chiller


Air cooled screw chillers, which are largely used in the comfort cooling industry, the chiller
package shall consist of compressor-motor units, condenser coils, condenser fans, chiller, receiver,
refrigerant piping & fittings, refrigerant feeding devices, valves, strainer, liquid moisture indicator,
suction line insulation, first charge of oil & gas, starter panel & Micro-processor panel etc., all the
components being mounted on welded steel base frame; the base frame, structural profiles &
panels made of galvanized sheet steel (GSS) shall be protected with primary coating & finished
with acrylic paint. The Chillers shall be suitable for outdoor installation; in other words, no
weather protection of any kind by way of wall or roof is contemplated. The starter panel shall be
suitable for outdoor application & shall confirm IP - 55 grade of protection. The panel shall
incorporate main disconnect switches & fuses for individual motors, contactors, over load relays,
single phase preventers, under/ over voltage trip, on/off push buttons, auto manual switches to
facilitate automatic operation through DDC System or for manual operation to facility for
remote starting & stopping of chiller packages, auxiliary contactors, etc. if any required.

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Water cooled screw chiller


Water cooled screw chillers, which are also largely used in the comfort cooling industry, the unit
shall be completely factory assembled and wired in a single package complete with screw
compressor(s), cooler, condenser, starting control, safety and operating controls, refrigerant piping
& fittings, refrigerant feeding devices, valves, strainer, liquid moisture indicator, suction line
insulation, first charge of oil & gas, starter panel & Micro-processor panel etc,. The unit shall be
constructed from heavy gauge galvanized steel and steel "C" channel with built-in skid and lifting
holes.
Evaporator
Evaporator shall be direct expansion, shell and tube type. The shell is fabricated from seamless
carbon steel pipe, with finned copper tubes and tube sheets of heavy gauge carbon steel. The
cooler shall be i nsulated with closed cell foamed r ubber insulation.
Condensers
Condensers shall be shell and tube type and the condensers shall have removable heads on both
ends for tube cleaning and servicing. The condensers shall be leak tested at working pressure and
include relief valves and purge valves.
Compressor
The overall compressor design shall include a suction cooled motor, integral lubrication system
utilizing compressor pressure differential and semi-hermetic design. The casing is to be constructed
from a high strength iron casting. An electric crankcase oil heater shall be provided to maintain the
proper oil temperature when the system is not in operation.
COOLING TOWER SYSTEM
INDUCED DRAFT CROSS FLOW TYPE COOLING TOWERS WITH LOW NOISE AND CTI APPROVED

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DESIGN CRITERIA
Cooling tower thermal performance shall be certified by the Cooling Tower Institute in accordance
with CTI Certification Standards STD-201 label at no cost to the owner.
The cooling towers shall be of Cross flow, Induced-draft vertical discharge type, in rectangular
single or multi-cell configuration complete with Motor, Fan, Hand rails, Ladder and other
accessories etc. and designed with high efficiency drift eliminators to meet current environmental
standards and guidelines for microbial control. It should be possible to hook up to BMS. The
distribution system shall be gravity-feed type fitted with removable target nozzle to ensure equal
water distribution over the fills. Drift eliminators shall be efficient enough to effectively limit drift
loss to no more than 0.005% of the designed flow rate.
Storage capacity that needs to be planned for make up water should be at least one day
consumption.
PUMPING SYSTEM

Pump
The chilled water generated by the chiller plant shall be pumped to the respective floor AHUs units
and load cells by means of secondary pumping system.
The Chilled Water Pump Sets shall be back-pull out design fitted with variable frequency drive (VFD)
for Secondary system. The pump shall be complete with ribbed cast iron casing, double shrouded
single entry radial flow bronze impeller, mechanical seal, bearing bracket incorporating 2 nos.
roller bearings, shaft, longer coupling, coupling guard, flanged connections for discharge and
suction, purge /air vent/test cocks, etc
Regulatory requirements of Pumps

Conform to Health/Life Safety Code for Public Schools

Conform to International Mechanical Code

Conform to BOCA National Building Code

Conform to BOCA National Fire Protection Code

Conform to State of Illinois Plumbing Code

Conform to National Electric Code NFPA 70

Conform to Illinois Accessibility Code

Conform to applicable ANSI/HI standards

Products: Listed and classified by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. as suitable for the
purpose specified and indicated.

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DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
The power ratings of the pump motor shall be larger of the following:
The maximum power required by the pump from zero discharge to zero head.
110% of the power required at the duty point.
Pumps of a particular category shall be identical and shall be suitable for parallel operation with
equal load division. Components of identical pumps shall be interchangeable.
Pump Logic Controller (should be fully compatible to hook up to BMS / Chiller Plant Management
System)
The technologic pump logic controller assembly shall be listed by and bear the label of
Underwriters Laboratory, Inc. (UL)
The Equipment should be able to hook up to chiller plant management system (BMS) via
software integration either in ASHRAE Backnet / RTU Modbus Protocol. Necessary
hardware / software for integration should be part of scope.
The controller shall be specifically designed for variable speed pumping applications.
The controller shall function to proven program that safeguards against damaging
hydraulic conditions including:
Pump flow surges
Hunting
End of curve
System over pressure
The pump logic controller shall be capable of receiving up to two discrete analog inputs
from zone sensor / transmitter as indicated on the plans. It will then select he analogue
signal that has deviated the greatest amount from its set point. This selected signal will
used as the command feedback input for a hydraulic stabilization function to minimize
hunting. Each input signal shall be capable of maintaining a different set point value.
Controller shall be capable of controlling up to three pumps in parallel.
The pump logic controller shall be capable of accepting an additional analog input for a
flow sensor. This input shall serve as the criteria for the end of curve protection
algorithm.
The pump logic controller shall be self-prompting. All messages shall be displayed in
plain English. The operator interface shall have the following features:
a) Multi-fault memory and recall last 10 faults and related operational data.
b) Red fault light, yellow warning light and Green power on light.
c) Soft-touch membrane keypad switches.
The pump logic controller shall be of a high end type i.e., all the parameters available
on the logic control panel should be able to monitor / controlled from the remote
location and should housed in a NEMA 1 Enclosure.

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The display shall have four lines, with 20 characters on three lines and eight large characters on one
line. Actual pump information shall be displayed indicating pump status.
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE ENABLED SECONDARY PUMPS have been adopted for PROPOSED
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX FOR RAMKY.

Secondary pumping would enable Substantial energy savings due to partial load profile during off
peak hours.
Adjustable Frequency Drive
The adjustable frequency drives shall be pulse width modulation (PWM) type,
microprocessor controlled design.
VFD Shall is Danfoss VLT 6000 Series / ABB ACH 550 Series only.
The AFD, including all factory-installed options, be tested to UL standard 508. The AFD
also meets C-UL and is CE marked and builds to ISO 9001 standards.
The AFD shall be housed in a NEMA 1 enclosure. AFF with plastic enclosure shall not be
acceptable.
The AFD shall employ an advanced sine wave approximation and voltage vector control to
allow operation at rated motor shaft output speed with no derating. This voltage vector
control shall minimize harmonics to the motor to increase motor efficiency and life.
Power factor shall be near unity regardless of speed or load.
The VFD shall have balanced DC link reactors to minimize power line harmonics. VFDs
without a DC link reactor shall provide a 3 % impedance line reactor.
Input and output power circuit switching can be done without interlocks or damage to the
VFD.

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BASEMENT DUCTLESS VENTILATION SYSTEM


Car Park Ventilation System for Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2
Height
(m)

Area
(m2)

Volume
(m3)

Upper Basement

3.9

6,783

26,454

Lower Basement 1

3.1

6,894

21,372

Lower Basement 2

2.9

7,283

21,120

Car park details


The car parking comprises of three Basement Floor cars parking with entrance & exit openings.
The fresh air coming from the ramps of the Lower Ground level to the Upper Basement is sufficient.
Incase of Lower Basement 1 and 2 the fresh air from the ramps are not sufficient and hence supply
air fans are required for lower basements 1 and lower basement 2.
The Car Park system if designed for 04 for Normal mode, 08 ACPH for Pollution mode and 30 ACPH
for Emergency mode.
Upper Basement (Air Changes per Hour - ACPH):
Normal Mode
Pollution mode
Fire mode

: 4 (ACPH) X 26,454 / 1.7


: 8 (ACPH) x 26,454 / 1.7
: 30 (ACPH) x 26,454 / 1.7

= 62,250 CFM
= 1,24,500 CFM
= 4,66,830 CFM

Lower Basement 1 (Air Changes Per Hour - ACPH):


Normal Mode
Pollution mode
Fire mode

: 4 (ACPH) X 21,372 / 1.7


: 8 (ACPH) x 21,372 / 1.7
: 30 (ACPH) x 21,372 / 1.7

= 50,285 CFM
= 1,00,570 CFM
= 3,77,145 CFM

Lower Basement 2 (Air Changes Per Hour - ACPH):


Normal Mode
Pollution mode
Fire mode

: 4 (ACPH) X 21,120 / 1.7


: 8 (ACPH) x 21,120 / 1.7
: 30 (ACPH) x 21,120 / 1.7

= 49,700 CFM
= 99,400 CFM
= 3,72,720 CFM

Since the car park is envisaged to have a common extract shaft, we have considered the following.
Extract Fan Selections for Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2:
We have taken a DIVERSITY FACTOR that fire will happen in Single basement only. Hence, the
system is designed for Emergency mode in the Largest Basements i.e. 30 ACPH (1st Basement) 4,66,830 CFM which also ensures 8 ACPH during Normal mode in all 3 basements.
No. of Extract shaft
No. of Fans in each shaft
Total No. of Extract Fans
Capacity of each Extract fan

Architects 18

: 4 No.
: 3 Nos
: 4 x 3 = 12 Nos.
: 4,66,830 / 12 = 39,000 CFM @ 25 mm WC.

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Each Extract Fan Shaft Size


For Lower Basement 1:

: 6 X 2 Metres.

No. of Supply shaft


No. of Supply Fans / Shaft
Total No. of Supply Fans
Capacity of Supply fan
Supply Fan Shaft Cut Out Size

: 2 Nos.
: 2 Nos.
: 2 x 2 = 4 Nos
: 20,000 CFM 25 mm WC.
: 3.25 X 2 Metres.

For Lower Basement 2:


No. of Supply shaft
No. of Supply Fans / Shaft
Total No. of Supply Fans
Capacity of Supply fan
Supply Fan Shaft Cut Out Size

: 2 Nos.
: 2 Nos.
: 2 x 2 = 4 Nos
: 20,000 CFM 25 mm WC.
: 3.25 X 2 Metres.

Jet Fan and Extract Fan System Description:


Total No. of Extract Fans 12 Nos.

PPM Level

ACPH

Jet Fan

0-25 ppm

Off

4 Fans will operate

25 ppm

Low Speed

8 Fans will operate

Emergency Mode

30

High Speed

All 12 Fans will operate

0-25 ppm: When the CO level in the car park is between 0-25 ppm the Jet Fan are in the Off mode,
4 Nos. of Extract fans will be running to achieve 4 ACPH in all 3 Basements.
> 25 ppm: When the CO level in the car park is greater than 25 ppm the Jet Fans will be operated
at Low speed and 8 Nos. of extract fans will be running to achieve 8 ACPH in all 3 Basements.
Emergency mode: During the emergency mode the Jet Fans will be operated at full speed,
12 Nos. of extract fans will be running to achieve 30 ACPH in the Basement where smoke is to be
removed quickly.

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Extract Fan Selections for Parking Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2:
Units

Specifications

Qty.

Nos

12

Duty Volume

CFM

39,000

mmWC

25

Static Pressure

HT 125 JM / 40 /6 / 9 / 25

Selected Model

Axial Fan

Blower Type
mm

Fan Diameter

1250
9

No of Blades

Long

Fan Casing
Absorbed Shaft Power

KW

10.74

Shaft RPM

RPM

960

Recommended High Temperature Motor Single Speed

KW

15 KW / 6pole

Sound Level @ 3 Metres

Dba

76

Note: The Extract Fans are designed for 300 Degree C for one hour

BEFORE CFD ANALYSIS

AFTER CFD ANALYSIS AND JETFAN


POSITIONING

Our Ref: TAP/CP/B/2007/ 098

Architects 20

Dt: 06 / 10 / 2007

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Supply Fan Selections Lower Basement 1:

Qty.

Units
Nos

Specifications
2

Duty Volume

CFM

20,000

mmWC

25

Static Pressure

100JM / 40 / 6 / 9 / 32

Selected Model

Axial Fan

Blower Type
mm

Fan Diameter

1000
9

No of Blades

Long

Fan Casing
Absorbed Shaft Power

KW

5.61

Shaft RPM

RPM

960

Recommended Motor Single Speed

KW

7.5 KW / 6 Pole

Sound Level @ 3 Metres

Dba

71

Sound Level after Silencer

Dba

60

Note: the Supply fans are designed for 50 Degree C

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Supply Fan Selections Lower Basement 2:

Qty.

Units
Nos

Specifications
2

Duty Volume

CFM

20,000

mmWC

25

Static Pressure

100JM / 40 / 6 / 9 / 32

Selected Model

Axial Fan

Blower Type
mm

Fan Diameter

1000
9

No of Blades

Long

Fan Casing
Absorbed Shaft Power

KW

5.61

Shaft RPM

RPM

960

Recommended Motor Single Speed

KW

7.5 KW / 6 Pole

Sound Level @ 3 Metres

Dba

71

Sound Level after Silencer

Dba

60

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SPECIFICATIONS FOR JET FANS


Technical Data / Technical specifications of the JET THRUST FAN UNIT offered
Qty required : Upper Basement+Lower Basement 1+Lower Basement 2 =23+23+24 = 70 Nos.
Jet fans are with silencers & mounting assembly
No. Description

Unit

Technical details
350 mm

Nozzle Dia

Mm

Air Flow

M3/sec

0.9/1.8 m3/sec @ 4 / 2 Pole

Capacity of Fan

Cfm

1905 / 3810 Cfm

Tip Velocity

m/s

16

Phase

Ph

Voltage

420

Frequency

Hz

50

Revolution

RPM

1420 /2840RPM

Ampere

0.63 / 2.38 @ 4 / 2 Pole

10

Sound Level

dB (A)

53 / 65 @ 4 / 2 Pole

11

Weight

Kg

80

12

Power Consumption

KW

0.1 KW / 1.0 KW @ 4 / 2 Pole

13

Rated Motor Power

Kw

0.14 KW / 1.1 KW @ 4 / 2 Pole

14

Depth of Unit

Mm

455 mm

15

Thrust

Nm

8/32

JETFAN

Sound level is measured at 1.5-meter distance in reference value in parking areas


Note: The jet fans are designed for 300 Degree C for one hour
Overall system description:

The vehicle entrance & exit ramps shall be utilized as the main source of fresh air into the car
park for First Basement.

It is proposed the extract points are located as shown on the marked drawing enclosed to you in
separate mail. The location of these extract points have been chosen to ensure the best
distribution of the inlet airflow as possible and suitability for a system comprising of Jet Fan
units as per the geometry of the Car Parking Area.

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Extract grilles would be located at high level.

In case of main power failure the Extract Fans shall be provided with alternate source of power.

All of the fans will be controlled via PLC based control panel separately for each Basement. The
logic shall be arrived separately for pollution mode and emergency mode separately. An
interlink will need to be provided to allow communication between panels and also the BMS.

For the Pollution mode it is proposed that the extract fans in all Basements Floor are operated
to provide 8 ACPH. It is suggested that a Carbon Monoxide (CO) detection system is provided to
control the background ventilation rate depending on car park usage and detected levels of CO.
Details of a suitable detection head for this application can be provided if required. The type of
detector that would be recommended is an analogue type detector with a 4-20mA signal. This
will allow for detection of varying levels of CO, typically in the ranges 0-30, 30-50, >50 PPM
where the frequency of supply to the main fans can be adjusted accordingly via the main control
panel.

Jet Fan units would be installed at ceiling level and positioned accordingly within the car park to
provide the best distribution of the inlet air flow as possible.

The final installed locations of the Jet fans and mode of operation of these fans would be
determined at the time of the detailed design in which techniques of Computational Fluid
Dynamics (CFD) will be used to model the air movement with the car park. A more detailed
description of the CFD to be carried out can be provided upon request.

Control equipment:
(8+8+8) 24 Nos. for basement floor On / off type carbon monoxide (CO) detection. With CO
detection in place the ventilation system would run on demand during peak periods when there is
highest car park activity. The benefit of this over the conventional approach is ventilating all the
time at 6 ACPH will be seen in reduced operating costs and noise levels.

Incoming electrical supply


Dual Incomer

CO GAS DETECTOR
KEY ELEMENTS OF DESIGN IN VIEW TO ACHIVE ENERGY SAVINGS:
System with combination of Air cooled and Water cooled screw chillers.
Chillers with R-134a Eco-friendly Refrigerant gas.
Variable speed Pumping to save energy during diversified loads of Offices.
Use of IBMS system to run the system efficiently by close monitoring and trends.

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ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN


WITH THE INCREASE IN DEMAND OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION, I.E ELECTRICITY, THE
AVAILABILTY OF POWER BECOMES A MAJOR CONCERN.
SINCE THE CONSUMPTION OF POWER IS DIRECTLY RELATED TO GENERATION USING FOSSIL
FUELS, ITS EVIDENT THAT IT IS HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT.
HENCE THE DESIGN ADOPTED FOR THIS COMMERCIAL COMPLEX IS IN VIEW OF NOT ONLY
ATTAINING MAXIMUM DEMAND POWER FOR HVAC TO BE ECONOMISED, BUT ALSO TO HAVE
ENERGY EFFICIENT SYSTEM.
APPROVED MAKES OF MATERIALS

AIR / WATER COOLED CHILLERS


COOLING TOWERS
AHUS / CSUS / FCUS TFAS
PRIMARY & CONDENSER WATER
PUMPS
SECONDARY PUMPS
CLOSED LOOP EXPANSION TANK
AIR SEPERATOR / AUTO AIRVENT
MS PIPE
BUTTERFLY VALVES
PRESSURE INDEPENDENT BALANCING
CUM CONTROL VALVES
Y STRAINER / SUCTION GUIDE
NON RETURN VALVE
PPRESSURE GAUGE & THERMOMETER
RPUF INSULATION
INLINE FANS
GI SHEET
GRILLES & DIFFUSERS / VCD / FIRE
DAMPER
CLOSED CELL NITRILE RUBBER
INSULATION

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5.8 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS

HEAT LOAD SUMMARY

The overall AC load estimate works out to be about 1492.0 TR and by applying the diversity, it is
proposed to install 1300.0TR of air conditioning plant.

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